Monday, October 22, 2018

Fw: TheList 4840

The List 4840     TGB

To All,
I hope that you all had a great weekend.
This day in Naval History
Oct. 22
1846—Lavinia Fanning Watson of Philadelphia christens the sloop-of-war Germantown, the first U.S. Navy ship to be sponsored by a woman.
1862—The screw frigate Wabash provides artillery support for Union infantry troops at the Battle of Pocotaligo, SC. One of the gun crew, who was seriously injured, was Ordinary Seaman Oscar W. Farenholt, the first enlisted man in the Navy to reach flag rank. The battery from Wabash took part in artillery operations all along the South Atlantic coast.
1942—The destroyers USS Mahan (DD 364) and USS Lamson (DD 367) sink the Japanese gunboat Hakkaisan Maru southwest of Tamana.
1942—An amendment to a design study contract authorizes Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Co. to construct two 19A axial-flow turbojet powerplants. The move initiates the fabrication of the first jet engine of wholly U.S. design.
1951—The first detonation, "Able", takes place in the Operation Buster-Jangle nuclear tests. "Uncle", the last of the seven tests, is detonated Nov. 29. Navy and Marine Corps observers and 3rd Marines take part in this Department of Defense operation.
1962—President John F. Kennedy orders a surface blockade of Cuba to prevent Soviet offensive weapons from reaching Cuba during the Cuban Missile Crisis. By forcefully employing U.S. naval forces, President John F. Kennedy is able to achieve his strategic objectives and deal with a dangerous and well-armed Soviet Union without war.
1972—The Navy Counselor (NC) rating is established to assist in managing retention and augmenting recruiting with subject matter experts in the all-volunteer force. The rating is not open to first-term enlistees due to depth of the Navy's organization, and only second and first class petty officers are accepted to join the rate.
1988—USS Wisconsin (BB 64) is re-commissioned. This is the first time all four Iowa-class battleships are operational since 1958.
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
National news headlines include reactions to proposed transgender policy changes by the Trump administration, Russia's response to the U.S. plan to pull out of the nuclear arms treaty, and the Taliban attack in Afghanistan where a U.S. Army General Officer was shot. USNI News reports that the Truman Carrier is operating in the Arctic Circle after crossing into the Norwegian Sea on Friday ahead of its upcoming participation in Trident Juncture 2018. The Arctic Circle crossing marks the first time that a U.S. carrier has operated in the region since 1991. Defense News reports that the U.S. and its NATO allies are teaming up to cooperate on the development on unmanned maritime systems aimed at mine and sub hunting. Additionally, The Green Bay Press Gazette reports that Rear Adm. William "Bill" Thompson, considered to be the father of U.S. Navy Public Affairs, passed away on Monday October 15.

Today in History October 22
Charles Martel of Gaul dies at Quiezy. His mayoral power is divided between his two sons, Pepin III and Carloman.
Princeton University, in New Jersey, receives its charter.
The first successful parachute descent is made by Andre-Jacqes Garnerin, who jumps from a balloon at some 2,200 feet over Paris.
The Tennessee Legislature adjourns ending David "Davy" Crockett's state political career.
Sam Houston sworn in as the first president of the Republic of Texas.
Union troops push 5,000 confederates out of Maysbille, Ark., at the Second Battle of Pea Ridge.
Spain declares war on the Moors in Morocco.
Ringling Brothers buys Barnum & Bailey.
U.S. places economic support behind Allies.
The cities of Baltimore and Washington run out of coffins during the "Spanish Inflenza" epidemic.
Chester Carlson invents the photocopier. He tries to sell the machine to IBM, RCA, Kodak and others, but they see no use for a gadget that makes nothing but copies.
As a result of the Geneva accords granting Communist control over North Vietnam, U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorizes a crash program to train the South Vietnamese Army.
The prototype of the F-105 Thunder Chief makes its maiden flight.
U.S. reveals Soviet missile sites in Cuba. President Kennedy orders a naval and air blockade on further shipment of military equipment to Cuba. Following a confrontation that threatens nuclear war, Kennedy and Khrushchev agree on October 28 on a formula to end the crisis. On November 2 Kennedy reports that Soviet missile bases in Cuba are being dismantled.
Jean Paul Satre declines the Nobel Prize for Literature.
The Soviet Union launches Luna 12 for orbit around the moon
Operation Linebacker I, the bombing of North Vietnam with B-52 bombers, ends.
Papal inauguration of Pope John Paul II; born Karol Jozef Wojtyla. The Polish-born Wojtyla was the first non-Italian pope since Pope Adrian VI died in 1523; he would become the second-longest serving pope in the history of the Papacy and exercise considerable influence on events of the later portion of the 20th century.
The US Federal Labor Relations authority decertified the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization (PATCO) from representing federal air traffic controllers, as a result of a PATCO strike in August that was broken by the Reagan Administration.
Maurice Papon, formerly an official in the Vichy France government during World War II, is jailed for crimes against humanity for his role in deporting more than 1,600 Jews to concentration camps.
Tropical Storm Alpha forms, making 2005 the most active Atlantic hurricane season on record with 22 named storms.
The Revolt of the Admirals…….Then the Korean was started and the B-36 was not a player and the Aircraft Carriers were there.
Thanks to Ben 
Lest we forget!
ARMED FORCES Revolt of the Admirals
    With all the impressive might of a carrier strike, the U.S. Navy brought its rebellion into the open. Risking their careers, the Navy's highest-ranking officers ranged themselves in flat opposition to the declared policies of the Congress, the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and President Truman.
    The outburst went far deeper than interservice bickering. Its weight made the shabby machinations and underhanded skullduggery that had preceded it seem inconsequential. The rebels were men with long and distinguished careers, among them some of the Navy's proudest names. In its impassioned power, the revolt brushed aside the Navy's civilian head [SecNav Francis Matthews] , who had blandly assured the House Armed-Services Committee that Navy morale was good and that the only dissatisfaction came from a few hotheads in the Navy's air arm. The Secretary of the Navy was treated to loud and sardonic laughter from his assembled subordinates when he protested that he knew of no "block" against naval officers' speaking their views.
    Day in Court. The Navy got its full day in open court after one of its most noted fighting men did some quick footwork in the dark. Captain John Crommelin [USNA23] (who is eligible to become a rear admiral in December) charged that the Navy was "being nibbled to death in the Pentagon" by "landlocked" strategists. His blast had created only a short stir (TIME, Sept. 26). Last week, more than ever determined to get a formal investigation of his charges, Captain Crommelin took more desperate action.
    Donning civilian tweeds, Crommelin [Bomb-run John] pocketed a sheaf of papers, and went downtown to get in touch with the three wire services. To each man Crommelin handed over a confidential letter to Secretary of the Navy Francis Matthews from Vice Admiral Gerald F. Bogan [USNA16, Navy Cross], Commander of the Pacific's First Task Fleet. Crommelin insisted only that his own identity be kept secret for the moment: he wanted nothing to detract from the impact of the letter itself.
    Admiral Bogan had written: "The morale of the Navy is lower today than at any time since I entered the commissioned ranks in 1916 . . . The situation deteriorates with each press release." The Navy's older officers, he declared, "are fearful that the country is being, if it has not already been, sold a false bill of goods."
    A forwarding endorsement by Admiral Arthur W. Radford [USNA16], Commander in Chief of the Pacific Fleet, added: "The majority of officers in the Pacific Fleet concur . . ." Most significantly, Chief of Naval Operations Louis Denfeld [USNA12], who up to then had never raised his voice publicly against any decision of the Defense Department, had agreed and added: "Naval officers . . . are convinced that a Navy stripped of its offensive power means a nation stripped of its offensive power."
    The explosion was immediate. After the Bogan-Radford-Denfeld correspondence had been spread across Page One, Captain Crommelin admitted that he had slipped the letter to the press, was promptly blasted by Secretary Matthews as "faithless, insubordinate, and disloyal" and suspended from duty.
    But the Navy got its hearing before Carl Vinson's  House Armed Services Committee. Matthews made a last attempt to preserve the appearance of effective unification, fostered so sedulously by Defense Secretary Louis Johnson. He insisted that Admiral Radford should not be heard in open session. It might "give aid & comfort to a potential enemy." The committee overruled him.
    The Navy's Case. Next day, on Capitol Hill, in the full glare of newsreel lights. the Navy at last told what had been gnawing at its heart. Its spokesman was four-star Admiral Radford, the man naval aviators everywhere recognize as their champion, the officer who built the Navy's wartime air arm as director of aviation training, a brilliant fighting commander, and long an outspoken enemy of service unification.
    The Navy's case was simple but grave: the U.S. was entrusting its defense to a "fallacious concept"—the atomic blitz, and an inadequate weapon:
the Air Force's six-engined B-36 bomber. Said Radford: "The B-36 has become, in the minds of the American people, a symbol of a theory of warfare—the atomic blitz—which promises them a cheap and easy victory if war should come."
    "The B-36 Is Vulnerable." The Air Force, he said, had pictured the six-engined B-36 as flying majestically at 40,000 ft., undetected by radar, unreachable by enemy fighters. Admiral Radford flatly disputed such claims:
    The B-36 would be shot down before it reached its target: "Today . . . American planes by day or by night and at all speeds and altitudes which the B-36 can operate on military missions, can locate the bomber, intercept the bomber, close on the bomber, and destroy the bomber . . . It is folly to assume that a potential enemy cannot do as well . . . The unescorted B-36 is unacceptably vulnerable."
    The B-36 cannot hit its targets "Bombing at very high altitude can be effective only on targets of great area. Such targets, unless we are committed to the concept of mass area bombing of urban areas, rather than precise bombing of specific military targets, are very limited. . . The B-36 is a billion-dollar blunder."
    "Bomber Generals." The scorn that Airman Radford once saved for "battleship admirals" he now turned on his fellow flyers across the fence in the Air Force. "Are we as a nation to have 'bomber generals' fighting to preserve the obsolete heavy bomber—the battleship of the air? Like its surface counterpart, its day is largely past ... In the last analysis, the B-36 is a 1941 airplane."*
    Then Radford moved in to attack the whole theory of "atomic annihilation." Even if it could bring victory, which he doubted, "a war of annihilation would be politically and economically senseless . . . and morally reprehensible." Said Radford: "This basic difference of military opinion concerning the bombing blitz has been at the root of our principal troubles in unification."
    "That's Sufficient." Chairman Carl Vinson peered at Radford over his glasses. Did the Navy officially endorse these views? No, said Radford, but "on the large issue involved, my feelings are shared by every senior officer, by practically every experienced officer." He began reeling off names: "Admiral Halsey [USNA04, Navy Cross], Nimitz [USNA05], King [USNA01, Navy Cross], Leahy [USNA'97, Navy Cross], Blandy [USNA13], Conolly [USNA14], Denfeld ..." "Now, that's sufficient," broke in Vinson.
    It was. The list was too impressive to dismiss. Next day the Navy's top test pilot appeared to back up Radford's claims. Captain Frederick M. Trapnell, 47 [USNA23, later VADM], Commander of the Naval Air Test Center at Patuxent River, Md., has probably flown more types of planes than any other U.S. pilot. He testified that standard Navy radar had no trouble picking up small jet fighters at 40,000 ft; that Navy fighters had made interceptions at that altitude by day and by night. Said Trapnell: "If you were to ride as an observer in a B-36 at 40,000 ft. during joint exercises, you would see Banshees diving and zooming all around you and making repeated gunnery attacks with a speed advantage of over 100 miles per hour."
    The Navy was obviously itching for a test of their jet fighters against the B-36. On the witness stand Radford had suggested it. A Congressman objected: "Someone testified that the test would have no value without live ammunition. It was either Kenney [DSC] or Spaatz [USMA14, DSC]." Said Radford: "I don't believe Tooey Spaatz would make that statement."
    From the press table (where he was sitting as Newsweek's military columnist), retired General Carl "Tooey" Spaatz, 58, former Air Force Chief of Staff, shouted: "Am I supposed to be a witness here?" He added: "If I didn't make that statement, I'm willing to make it now." Radford retorted mildly: "We haven't quite reached that stage. We have camera guns that do almost as well."
    New Ally. Listening to Radford, old Carl Vinson, who used to call the nation's sea service "my Navy," grew sympathetic. He suddenly remembered that Louis Johnson [SecDef], with whom he was feuding, had promised to cut $800 million from the current budget. Some $353 million, the largest cut given to any of the three services, was to come out of the Navy's appropriation.
"If Johnson adheres to the reductions, what effect would it have on the security of the country?" demanded Vinson. "It would very definitely impair it, in my opinion," confessed Navy Secretary Matthews, who until then had seemed to be opposing his own admirals. Snapped Vinson: "Johnson sets figures without the slightest idea of what effect they will have on national security."
    Vinson also told the committee he "understood" that the Navy and Marine strength in aircraft squadrons was to be cut almost in half in the 1951 budget, that "secret orders" had already been issued and that the Air Force was even advocating "that no large carriers or air groups should be kept in the Navy." Said Vinson: "So, I find it not too difficult to comprehend the concern of the air arm of the Navy and the Navy in general."
    No Confidence. Just how good was the Navy's case? Obviously, the plain speech of patriotic men could not be dismissed as the whimpering of a proud service which now saw itself reduced to a second line of defense. It was clear that the Navy deeply distrusted Secretary of Defense Johnson, who had fathered the big-bomber program when he was Assistant Secretary of War before World War II, and had summarily canceled the Navy's supercarrier without consulting the Navy.
    The Navy felt it was outnumbered on the Joint Chiefs of Staff.  Time after time General of the Army Omar Bradley [USMA15]and the Air Force's Hoyt Vandenberg [USMA23] voted 2 to 1 against the Navy's Denfeld. The Navy also had no confidence in the leadership of Navy Secretary Matthews, who was Johnson's choice. Matthews cheerily admitted, when he took office that he had never commanded anything bigger than a rowboat.
"What Atomic Blitz?"
    All of this made the Navy's bitterness understandable without making right what its bitter men said. Even so, staunch a friend of the Navy as the New York Times' Annapolis-trained Military Analyst Hanson Baldwin [USNA24] wrote that he himself did not consider the cutbacks in the Navy program disastrous. Baldwin added drily that "Some of the Navy's interest in morality as applied to strategic bombing seems new-found."
    Besides, what responsible man in any service talked of a "cheap and easy" blitz war? General Hoyt S. Vandenberg, Air Force Chief of Staff, had been specific on that point. "Veterans of the Eighth, the Fifteenth, the Twentieth, and other historic Air Forces," he said on July 2, "know very well that there are no cheap and easy ways to win great wars." The way Congress had apportioned funds almost equally among the Navy, Army, and Air Force also seemed proof that no one was counting on an "atom blitz" to do it all.
Nor did the Air Force argue that the B-36 was invulnerable ("We know," said General Vandenberg in the same speech, "that no plane or weapon of any kind can be completely invulnerable"). The Air Force, Vandenberg said, held only that the B-36 could get through in sufficient numbers to deliver an initial atomic blow; the threat alone "serves to divert a great portion of any nation's effort to its internal defense." There were better planes than the B-36 on the drawing board and in the works, but until they were ready, the B-36 remained the best bomber in being, in a year of crisis.
    What was the Navy's alternative? Said Radford: small, fast bombers which, escorted by fighters, could hit military targets with accuracy. It sounded remarkably like the formula for World War II carrier warfare. Certainly the Navy did not now have a bomber with the range, speed and armor of the B-36, which could drop the atomic bomb.
    No Other Way. The Navy's case had showed up indisputable shortcomings in procedures to settle differences of opinion between the services. It had also proved, far more clearly than the first unseemly attempts at forcing an investigation, that the Navy was determinedly opposed to many vital aspects of national defense—from the purchase of long-range bombers to matters of highest military policy. Presumably the differences between the Navy, the Administration and the other services were not irreconcilable, but it would take nothing less than a full-dress investigation to get them working in harmony again. The inquiry, which would probably run for months, could not be carried on without laying military plans and procedures bare, in the open where Russia would be listening carefully. But there was now no other way out. 
*A headline-catching phrase. The B-36 design was submitted in 1941, but it was not ready for production until 1947. Under the same dating system the B-17 Flying Fortress was a 1934 airplane, the B-29 Superfortress a 1940 model.
[TIME Magazine :   10/17/1949]
Thanks to Al
Monday Morning Humor--Church
Submitted by Dave Kaney:
     At a wedding ceremony, the pastor asked if anyone had anything to say concerning the union of the bride and groom. It was their time to stand up and talk, or forever hold their peace. The moment of utter silence was broken by a young beautiful woman carrying a child. She started walking toward the pastor slowly.
     Everything quickly turned to chaos.
     The bride slapped the groom.
     The groom's mother fainted.
     The groomsmen started giving each other looks and wondering how best to help save the situation.
     The pastor asked the woman, "Can you tell us why you came forward? What do you have to say?"
     The woman replied, "We can't hear in the back."
Submitted by Al Schlegel:
Church services in the near future:
     Pastor:  "The Lord be with you!"
     Congregation:  "And also with you."
     Pastor:  "Will everyone please turn on their tablet, PC, iPad, Smart Phone, and Kindle Bibles to I Corinthians, 13:13.  And please switch on your Bluetooth to download the sermon."
     Pastor:  "Now, let us pray committing this week into God's hands.  Open your apps, BBM, Twitter and Facebook, and chat with God"
     Pastor:  "As we take our Sunday tithes and offerings, please have your credit and debit cards ready.  You can log on to the church Wi-Fi using the password 'Lord909887.'  The ushers will circulate mobile card swipe machines among the worshipers:
        a.  Those who prefer to make electronic fund transfers are directed to computers and laptops at the rear of the church.
        b.  Those who prefer to use iPads can open them.
        c.  Those who prefer telephone banking, take out your cell phones to transfer your contributions to the church account.
(The atmosphere of church becomes truly electrified as all the smart phones, iPads, PCs and laptops beep and flicker!)
(Final Blessing and Closing Announcements.)
     Pastor:  "This week's ministry cell meetings will be held on the various Facebook group  pages where the usual group chatting takes place.    Please log in and don't miss out.  Thursday's Bible Study will be held live on Skype at 1900 hrs GMT.  Please don't miss out.  You can follow your Pastor on Twitter this  weekend for counseling and prayers.  God bless and have a nice day."
…and Jesus wept.
Submitted by Barbara Hunt:
     A little boy was attending his first wedding.  After the service, his cousin asked him, "How many women can a man marry?"
     "Sixteen," the boy responded.
     His cousin was amazed that he had an answer so quickly.  "How do you know that?"
     "Easy," the little boy said.  "All you have to do is add it up, like the pastor said, 4 better, 4 worse, 4 richer, 4 poorer."
     After a church service on Sunday morning, a young boy suddenly announced to his mother, "Mom, I've decided to become a minister when I grow up."
     "That's okay with us, but what made you decide that?"
     "Well," said the little boy, "I have to go to church on Sunday anyway, and I figure it will be more fun to stand up and yell, than to sit and listen."
     A 6-year-old was overheard reciting the Lord's Prayer at a church service, "And forgive us our trash passes, as we forgive those who passed trash against us."
     A boy was watching his father, a pastor, write a sermon.  "How do you know what to say?" he asked.
     "Why, God tells me."
     "Oh, then why do you keep crossing things out?"
     A little girl became restless as the preacher's sermon dragged on and on. Finally, she leaned over to her mother and whispered, "Mommy, if we give him the money now, will he let us go?"
     Ms. Barbara asked her Sunday School class to draw pictures of their favorite Bible stories.  She was puzzled by Kyle's picture, which showed four people on an airplane, so she asked him which story it was meant to represent.
     "The Flight to Egypt ," was his reply.
     Pointing at each figure, Ms. Barbara said, "That must be Mary, Joseph, and baby Jesus.  But who's the fourth person?"
     "Oh, that's Pontius - the pilot!"
Submitted by Norm Rech:
     A Sunday School teacher asked her class why Joseph and Mary took Jesus with them to Jerusalem .
     A small child replied, 'They couldn't get a baby-sitter.'
     At Sunday School they were teaching how God created everything, including human beings.  Little Johnny seemed especially intent when they told him how Eve was created out of one of Adam's ribs.
     Later in the week his mother noticed him lying down as though he were ill, and she said, "Johnny, what is the matter?"
     Little Johnny responded, "I have pain in my side. I think I'm going to have a wife."
Submitted by Al Anderson:
     A Sunday School teacher decided to have her young class memorize one of the most quoted passages in the Bible—Psalm 23. She gave the youngsters a month to learn the chapter. Little Rick was excited about the task, but he just couldn't remember the Psalm. After much practice, he could barely get past the first line.
     On the day that the kids were scheduled to recite Psalm 23 in front of the congregation, Ricky was so nervous. When it was his turn, he stepped up to the microphone and said proudly, "The Lord is my Shepherd, and that's all I need to know.
     A Rabbi said to a precocious six-year-old boy, "So your mother says your prayers for you each night? That's very commendable. What does she say?"
     The little boy replied, "Thank God he's in bed!"
     When my daughter, Kelli, said her bedtime prayers, she would bless every family member, every friend, and every animal (current and past). For several weeks, after we had finished the nightly prayer, Kelli would say, "And all girls."
     This soon became part of her nightly routine, to include this closing. My curiosity got the best of me and I asked her, "Kelli, why do you always add the part about all girls?"
     Her response, "Because everybody always finish their prayers by saying 'All Men'!"
Did you know that...When you carry the Bible, Satan has a headache. When you open it, he collapses. When he sees you reading it, he faints. Let's read the Bible every day so he keeps on fainting. Maybe one day he'll have a stroke and never wake up. And did you also know that when you are about to forward this email to others the devil will discourage you but forward it anyway.
Item Number:1 Date: 10/22/2018 AFGHANISTAN - DOZENS KILLED IN ELECTION DAY ATTACK (OCT 22/ALJAZ)  AL JAZEERA -- Dozens of people were killed in militant attacks during this weekend's parliamentary elections in Afghanistan, reports Al Jazeera (Qatar).   On Saturday, a suicide bomber hit a voting center in Kabul, killing at least 18 people, including 10 civilians, seven security personnel and a polling employee. Twenty-five people were wounded in the attack.   A total of 27 people were killed and over 100 injured in attacks across the country on election day, said an interior ministry spokesman on Sunday.   Other accounts by interior ministry officials indicated that 36 people were killed in 193 attacks on Saturday, reported Radio Free Afghanistan. Twenty-seven were civilians, eight police officers and one was an Afghan soldier.   Voting was extended into Sunday due to issues at some polling stations.   On Sunday, a roadside bombing in eastern Nangarhar province killed 11 civilians, including six children, according to the provincial government.   At polling places across the country, militants launched attacks, often lobbing grenades next to election centers to frighten would-be voters, reports NPR News.   Agence France-Presse reported that as many as 300 people were killed or wounded over the weekend, about four times official figures.   Despite the violence, government chief executive Abdullah Abdullah said on Monday that militants had failed to disrupt the elections, reported Tolo News (Afghanistan).   Both the Islamic State terrorist group (ISIS) and the Taliban had vowed to disrupt voting and called for a boycott.   Violence in Ghazni and Kandahar provinces caused voting to be temporarily suspended there.   Preliminary results are expected within 20 days. The Independent Election Commission has until Dec. 20 to release the results
  Item Number:3 Date: 10/22/2018 FRANCE - CHARLES DE GAULLE CARRIER HEADED TO INDIAN OCEAN (OCT 22/LAPROVENCE)  LA PROVENCE -- Defense Minister Florence Parly says France's aircraft carrier will conduct freedom of navigation patrols in the Indian Ocean once it returns to sea, reports La Provence (France).   The carrier recently began sea trials after a mid-life refit that began in early 2017.   The Charles de Gaulle should be ready to sail for the Indian Ocean early next year, Parly said, as cited by Agence France-Presse.   The defense minister emphasized that France has "always been at the forefront of defending an imprescriptible right which is the freedom of navigation in international waters."   "Whenever there is any violation of this fundamental principle of international law, as is the case in southern China at this time, we will manifest our freedom to act and navigate those waters," she said.   The French navy has regularly patrolled in the South China Sea since 2014.   In May, the French amphibious assault ship Dixmude sailed through the South China Sea. A French air unit overflew the region in August
Item Number:5 Date: 10/22/2018 ISRAEL - U.N. PARTNERS WITH ISRAELI FIRMS TO SECURE FORCES IN AFRICA (OCT 22/YNET)  YNET NEWS -- The United Nations has purchased Israeli defense systems for its bases in Africa, reports the Ynet News (Tel Aviv).   The move comes in response to the deteriorating security situation in Africa. In 2017, 61 U.N. peacekeepers were killed across the continent, the highest casualty rate in the past 25 years.   The U.N. decided to launch an emergency tender to purchase defense systems that can detect precision-guided weapons, such as missiles and mortars. The organization contacted five international companies, including three Israeli firms.   The U.N. awarded Israeli firm Mer Group a three-year, US$8 million contract with options for another five years.   The specific defense sensors involved were not disclosed.   The Israeli water treatment company Odis was also awarded a US$42 million contract by the U.N.  
  Item Number:6 Date: 10/22/2018 NIGERIA - COMMUNAL VIOLENCE KILLS 55 IN KADUNA STATE (OCT 22/AFP)  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- At least 55 people have been killed in communal violence in Nigeria's northwestern Kaduna state, reports Agence France-Presse.   Violence began in the market of Kasuwan Magani on Oct. 18 following an argument between laborers. Two people were reportedly killed in the initial fighting   Most of the casualties occurred during retaliatory attacks by members of the predominately Christian Adara against the primarily Muslim Hausa community.   A 24-hour curfew was declared in the wake of the violence.   At least 22 suspects have been arrested, a local police commander told the News Agency of Nigeria.   Federal police were deployed to the town in response to the violence.   Ten people were killed in similar violence in the region in February
  Item Number:7 Date: 10/22/2018 PHILIPPINES - 9 KILLED IN SUSPECTED COMMUNIST MILITANT ATTACK (OCT 22/PHILSTAR)  PHILIPPINE STAR -- At least nine people have been killed in an attack on farm laborers in the Philippines' central Negros Occidental province, reports the Philippine Star.   On Saturday, armed men opened fire on workers at a farm in Sagay City. Then victims had been resting in makeshift tents at the time of the attack.   The victims were all members of the National Federation of Sugarcane Workers (NFSW).   Witnesses disputed the number of attackers, describing as few as 10 and as many as 40.   Provincial police said they were seeking five to seven suspects, reports CNN Philippines. "Land conflict" was seen as a potential motive for the attack.   On Monday, Agrarian Reform Undersecretary David Erro said that a breakaway group from the communist New People's Army -- the Revolutionary Proletarian Army -- was responsible for the attack
  Item Number:10 Date: 10/22/2018 TAIWAN - DEFENSE MINISTRY SEEKS TO REPLACE TROOPS ON ISLANDS WITH AUTOMATED DEFENSE SYSTEMS (OCT 22/TAI)  TAIPEI TIMES -- The Taiwanese Ministry of National Defense has decided to replace troops stationed on islands with remote defense systems, reports the Taipei Times.   The plan calls for upgrading remote defense systems and potentially assigning them to frontline duties to compensate for a smaller troop presence.   Personnel on outlying islands and in river defense zones would be reassigned to maintaining and holding secondary lines of defense, said ministry officials.   The move comes in response to declining demographics and the reductions in the standing army as part of modernization and organizational reform programs.   In August, the defense ministry approved a US$23.4 million budget for the procurement of six domestic automated close-range defense systems and two joint force management systems. The project also included repurposing and constructing bunkers.   The defense system, which completed testing in 2014, will help maintain long-range precision firepower and allow the military to engage the enemy while at sea, said ministry sources.   The system is armed with a T-75 20-mm autocannon, with the option of a single-barrel XTR-101 or twin-barrel XTR-102 configuration.   The system features a concentrated firing mechanism and can be remotely controlled from within a bunker, making the operation significantly less dangerous for soldiers, officials said.   Funding will be allocated between 2019 and 2021.  
  Item Number:12 Date: 10/22/2018 UNITED KINGDOM - FOREIGN MINISTER SEEKS EXPLANATION FOR DEATH OF SAUDI JOURNALIST (OCT 22/INDEPUK)  THE INDEPENDENT (U.K.) -- The British, French and German governments have called on Saudi Arabia to clarify the facts surrounding the death of a journalist, reports the Independent (U.K.).   In a joint statement released on Sunday, the foreign ministers of the three nations criticized the alleged murder of Jamal Khashoggi "in the strongest possible terms."   The countries called for an investigation to establish the truth in a "comprehensive, transparent and reliable manner."   In an interview on Sunday, U.K. Brexit Secretary Dominic Raab said that the explanations offered by Saudi Arabia were not credible, but said that London would not sever ties with Riyadh.   The ministers called on the Saudi government to clarify what happened to Khashoggi, who has not been seen since entering the Saudi consulate in Istanbul on Oct. 2.   Saudi officials initially insisted that Khashoggi left the consulate and denied any links to his disappearance. On Oct. 19, the Saudi government reversed course, arresting 18 people and sacking two high-ranking security officials, reported the official Saudi Press Agency.   The government gave differing accounts of how the journalist died.   In one account, rogue intelligence officials tortured him during a scheduled interrogation. Others said that he was accidently choked to death by an intelligence agent after raising his voice during an interrogation.   On Saturday, Saudi officials clarified that Khashoggi was killed in a "fistfight."   Saudi Foreign Minister Adel Jubeir told Fox News On Sunday that the Saudi government does not know how Khashoggi died
Item Number:13 Date: 10/22/2018 USA - HURRICANE DAMAGE AT EASTERN SHIPBUILDING COULD DELAY OFFSHORE PATROL CUTTER PROGRAM (OCT 22/BREAKDEF)  BREAKING DEFENSE -- The U.S. Coast Guard offshore patrol cutter program may be delayed in the aftermath of Hurricane Michael, reports Breaking Defense.   The Eastern Shipbuilding Group in Panama City, Fla., was directly hit by the hurricane earlier this month. The storm overturned completed boats and damaged buildings and equipment in the yard. Only 100 of the shipyard's 800 workers have returned to work and many of them have lost their homes.   In 2016, the shipyard was chosen for the $10 billion offshore patrol cutter program, the largest acquisition program in the Coast Guard's history.   On Sept. 28, the Coast Guard awarded Eastern Shipbuilding a $317.5 million contract option to begin work on the Argus, the first cutter in the class. The ship was scheduled for delivery in 2021.   The service is still in the early stages of gathering information and it remains unclear what effect the storm will have on the program, said a Coast Guard spokesman.   Damage inflicted on other ships in the yard suggest that the program will likely take a while to get back on track.   The Air Force and Navy are also assessing damage to their bases. Seventeen F-22 stealth fighters, worth over $5 billion, were damaged at Tyndall Air Force Base in Panama City.   Work on Littoral Combat Ship mission modules at the Naval Surface Warfare Center in Panama City was also halted due to the hurricane, officials said.   The devastation of the storm raises questions about the vulnerability of critical military installations and segments of the defense industrial base to climate change
  Item Number:14 Date: 10/22/2018 USA - STATE OFFERS REWARD FOR INFO ON TOP AQAP LEADERS (OCT 22/STATE)  U.S. STATE DEPT. -- The U.S. Dept. of State's Rewards for Justice Program is offering a reward for information on key leaders of Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), according to a departmental release.   A reward of up to $5 million will be offered for information leading to the identification or location of Khalid Saeed al-Batarfi, and up to $10 million for information leading to the identification, location, arrest and conviction of Qasim al-Rimi, the State Dept. announced on Thursday.   Al-Rimi was named emir of AQAP in June 2015. He is responsible for several high-profile attacks including a 2008 attack on the U.S. Embassy in Sanaa that killed 20 people and an attempted suicide bombing aboard a U.S.-bound airliner in 2009.   In May 2010, al-Rimi was designated as a specially designated global terrorist (SDGT) and sanctioned by State.   Al-Batarfi is a senior member of AQAP in Yemen's Hadramaut governorate and former member of AQAP's shura council. He fought alongside the Taliban against U.S. forces and the Northern Alliance in 2001 and issued several statements threatening the U.S.   In January 2018, al-Batarfit was designated as a SDGT
Item Number:15 Date: 10/22/2018 USA - TRUMP ANNOUNCES PLANS TO PULL OUT OF INF TREATY DUE TO RUSSIAN VIOLATIONS (OCT 22/WSJ)  WALL STREET JOURNAL -- President Donald Trump says that the U.S. will withdraw from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty with Russia, reports the Wall Street Journal.   The move comes after repeated U.S. accusations of Russian violations of the 1987 agreement, Trump said at a rally in Nevada on Saturday.   Moscow has repeatedly denied violating the agreement, which prohibits the use of intermediate- and shorter-range rockets, and the development or deployment of new ground-based missiles.   The U.S. says that Russia is working on a missile system, known as the 9M729, that violates the INF treaty.   Washington first accused Russia of violating the treaty in 2014.   The 9M729, an extended-range version of the Iskander K ballistic missile, has an estimated range of more than 3,400 miles (5,500 km), beyond the treaty's limits. Warheads reduce the missile's range to within the treaty's limits, according to analysts.   On Sunday, Sen. Bob Corker, (R-Tenn.), chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee raised the possibility that the announcement could be a way to open talks to renegotiate the deal, similar to how the administration approached talks on the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), reported CNN.   National Security Adviser John Bolton is scheduled to meet with his Russian counterpart, Nikolai Patrushev, and other top officials on Monday to discuss the issue, reported Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.   The INF treaty bans ground-launched ballistic and cruise missiles with ranges between 310 miles (500 km) and 3,400 miles (5,500 km

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