Thursday, October 18, 2018

TheList 4837

The List 4837 TGB

To All,
I hope that your week has been going well.
This day in Naval History
Oct. 18
1812—The sloop-of-war Wasp, commanded by Master Commandant Jacob Jones, captures HMS Frolic. After a severe engagement of 43 minutes, both vessels are dismasted. HMS Poictiers appears shortly thereafter and Wasp has to surrender as it can neither run nor hope to fight such an overwhelming opponent as the 74-gun ship-of-the-line. Wasp serves the British as HMS Peacock until it is lost off the Virginia Capes in 1813.
1867—The sloop-of-war Ossipee and the third-class screw steamer Resaca participate in formal transfer of Alaska from Russia to U.S. authority at Sitka and remain to enforce law and order in the new territory.
1944—USS Bluegill (SS 242) and USS Raton (SS 270) attack a Japanese convoy in the South China Sea. Bluegill sinks the army cargo ships Arabia Maru and Chinsei Maru and freighter Hakushika Maru. Raton sinks the army cargo ships Taikai Maru and Shiranesan Maru.
1977—USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN 69) is commissioned at Norfolk, VA. The Ike, named after the nation's 34th president, is the third nuclear-powered and second Nimitz-class aircraft carrier.
2003—USS Chafee (DDG 90) is commissioned at Newport, RI. The first U.S. Navy ship named to honor John Hubbard Chafee, the late Senator from Rhode Island, who also served as Secretary of the Navy under President Nixon. 
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
Top national news includes White House counsel Don McGahn leaving his post with Patrick Cipollone as his successor; the FBI's request for the public's help in searching for a missing Wisconsin teenager after her parents were found murdered; and the former head of USA Gymnastics being accused of removing documents linked to the Larry Nassar sexual abuse case. CNN reports on satellite imagery suggesting military buildup in Russia's strategic Baltic enclave, while Adm. Foggo spoke on Trident Juncture, a major NATO military exercise involving 50,000 troops, 10,000 vehicles, 150 aircraft and 65 vessels. Foggo, who is overseeing Trident Juncture, said the exercise wasn't a threat to Russia, and added that NATO had invited Russian and Belarusian observers to monitor the exercise. Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Research, Development, and Acquisition James "Hondo" Geurts tasked Vice Adm. DeWolfe Miller III with meeting Secretary Mattis' 80 percent mission capable rate target for U.S. fighters. Additionally, the USS Mitscher, a P-8A Poseidon maritime patrol jet and a contingent from the 13th Marine Expeditionary Unit took part in the 12-day Mare Aperto exercise alongside French and Italian troops, reports Stars and Stripes.
Today in History October 18

The "shoemakers of Boston"--the first labor organization in what would become the United States--was authorized by the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

Edict of Nantes lifted by Louis XIV. The edict, signed at Nantes, France, by King Henry IV in 1598, gave the Huguenots religious liberty, civil rights and security. By revoking the Edict of Nantes, Louis XIV abrogated their religious liberties.

The Allies defeat Napoleon Bonaparte at Leipzig.

The Alaska territory is formally transferred to the U.S. from Russian control.

The rules for American football are formulated at meeting in New York among delegates from Columbia, Rutgers, Princeton and Yale universities.

The weather station at the top of Ben Nevis, Scotland, the highest mountain in Britain, is declared open. Weather stations were set up on the tops of mountains all over Europe and the Eastern United States in order to gather information for the new weather forecasts.

M. Baudry is the first to fly a dirigible across the English Channel--from La Motte-Breil to Wormwood Scrubbs.

The First Balkan War breaks out between the members of the Balkan League--Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece and Montenegro--and the Ottoman Empire.

Czechs seize Prague and renounce Hapsburg's rule.

Madrid opens a subway system.

Russian Soviets grant Crimean independence.

President Franklin D. Roosevelt bans war submarines from U.S. ports and waters.

Lt. General Joseph Stilwell is recalled from China by president Franklin Roosevelt.

The First Turkish Brigade arrives in Korea to assist the U.N. forces fighting there.

A Russian unmanned spacecraft makes the first landing on the surface of Venus.

US athletes Tommi Smith and John Carlos suspended by US Olympic Committee for giving "black power" salute while receiving their medals at the Olympic Games in Mexico City.

Bolivian president Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada resigns in the wake of protests centered around Bolivia's natural gas resources.

Suicide attack on a motorcade in Karachi, Pakistan, kills at least 139 and wounds 450; the subject of the attack, Pakistan's former prime minister Benazir Bhutto, is not harmed.
Thanks to 'Dutch R
Billionaire Ocean Explorer, Philanthropist Paul Allen Dies
Sad – he did a lot with his own $$ to find USN ships lost in WWII - Dutch
 See URL at end for pictures
Billionaire Ocean Explorer, Philanthropist Paul Allen Dies
October 15, 2018 10:41 PMUpdated: October 16, 2018 9:34 AM
Paul Allen, Microsoft co-founder, billionaire philanthropist and ocean explorer who helped find several lost World War II warships, died on Monday.
Allen, 65, died following a fight with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that was first diagnosed in 2009. In an announcement two weeks ago, Allen said his cancer had returned and he had vowed to seek treatment for the disease.
Allen co-founded software giant Microsoft in 1975 with Bill Gates and helped it grow until his departure from the company in 1983.
After Microsoft, the Seattle native was a fixture in the Pacific Northwest as he pursued an array of business and philanthropic causes. Along with mega purchases of yachts and sports teams, he funded research and exploration including robotic sensors and probes to help oceanographers and climate scientists understand the deep ocean.
Allen's insatiable curiosity and quest to understand more about the world's vast and unexplored undersea led him, most recently, to locate some of the Navy's most important battle wrecks, warships sunken in combat that remain the final resting place for hundreds if not several thousand of World War II sailors.
"These discoveries and others like them have helped to connect today's sailors with their past, and serve as reminders of what might be asked of us in the defense of our nation," Chief of Naval Operations Adm. John Richardson told USNI News in a Monday statement.
"We will miss him."
In March, expedition teams with Allen's research vessel Petrel located the wreck of the light cruiser USS Juneau (CL-52) on March 17, on the ocean floor about 2 1/2 miles deep. Juneau was sunk during the Battle of Guadalcanal, and among the 687 men lost with the ship were the five Sullivan brothers, whose service the Navy has memorialized with a warship bearing their name, the Arleigh Burke-class destroyer USS The Sullivans (DDG-68).
That month, expedition teams also located the missing wreck of the World War II aircraft carrier USS Lexington (CV-2). The carrier was attacked on May 8, 1942, during the Battle of the Coral Sea and sunk two miles to the bottom of the Coral Sea, about 500 miles off the eastern coast of Australia. More than 200 sailors perished.
Allen's expedition found the light cruiser USS Helena (CL-50), which had survived several torpedo attacks during the war until she was torpedoed and sunk on July 5, 1943, in the Solomon Sea. Perhaps the most notable find is that of the World War II cruiser USS Indianapolis (CA-35), which sunk in the South Pacific on July 30, 1945, during a secret mission in the war's final days.
Indianapolis had delivered components of the atomic bomb Little Boy – later dropped over Hiroshima – to the remote island of Tinian just days earlier. But as the ship traveled from Guam to Leyte, Philippines, the cruiser was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine I-58 and sunk 12 minutes later. Two weeks passed before the Navy announced the fate of the ship and crew. More than 900 sailors died, many left to struggle in the water and lifeboats in the shark-infested waters for days, and carried away in the currents, before the U.S. launched a rescue effort after a passing warplane spotted survivors in the ocean below.
Even then, and throughout the years of occasional retelling of Indianapolis survivors' harrowing experiences, the location of the cruiser remained a mystery to the Navy.
Until Aug. 19, 2017 – and thanks to a tweet by Allen:
"We've located wreckage of USS Indianapolis in Philippine Sea at 5500m below the sea. '35' on hull 1st confirmation."
"To be able to honor the brave men of the USS Indianapolis and their families through the discovery of a ship that played such a significant role in ending World War II is truly humbling," he said. "As Americans, we all owe a debt of gratitude to the crew for their courage, persistence and sacrifice in the face of horrendous circumstances. While our search for the rest of the wreckage will continue, I hope everyone connected to this historic ship will feel some measure of closure at this discovery so long in coming."
Allen's persistence and excitement at the deep-sea search for the Indianapolis came despite some initial skepticism.
Members of Allen's Vulcan team contacted retired Capt. William J. "Bill" Toti in March 2017, who told him they were going to look for Indianapolis.
"My initial reaction was, 'Join the club.' Many have tried before you, all of them failed," recalled Toti, who was the former commanding officer of the submarine USS Indianapolis (SSN-697) and had joined in the push to exonerate McVay.
"What I failed to contemplate was Paul's level of dedication, commitment, and the degree to which he was willing to pour his personal resources into the effort," Toti told USNI News. "He spent many millions of his own dollars on this effort, for which he received no personal gain, just a contribution to naval history and to the heroes who served on that great ship."
"When I was notified on August 19, 2017, of the discovery, I realized only Paul Allen could have pulled this off," he said. "The family of the World War II cruiser Indianapolis has lost a great friend in Paul Allen. His contributions are immense, and he will be greatly missed."
Thanks to Hawk and Darth
Tyndall's F22's Damaged During Hurricane Michael
o BROs; Email below passed courtesy of Dan "Darth" Cain.
Just one more argument against building a costly and complex F-35 as a "Weapons Delivery Platform" when their basic maintainability and reliability + logistic support could never hold up in any forward-deployed, hypothetical combat scenario imaginable today.
Sad loss of some 17 (+ or -) F-22s, but perhaps lotsa usable spare parts?
From: Dan Cain <>
Subject: Tyndall's F22
This is such BS. It's hard to imagine that some/most of those planes couldn't have been flown 55 miles to Elgin.  The good news, there's plenty of spare parts for the fleet.
My son in law is a real JIMMY BUFFETT fan.
With great thanks to THE Bear at
October 18, 2018Bear Taylor "SON OF A SON OF A SAILOR"…
 RIPPLE SALVO… #957… HUMBLE HOST BEGS YOUR INDULGENCE… OPPORTUNITY KNOCKED AND I ANSWERED–I DROPPED EVERYTHING AND  JOINED 20,00 OTHER PARROT HEADS IN SALT LAKE CITY LAST NIGHT FOR AN EVENING WITH JIMMY BUFFETT… ("Mother, mother ocean, I have heard you call, Wanted to sail upon your waters since I was three feet tall, You've seen it all…Watched the men who rode you switch from sails to steam, And in your belly you held the treasures few have ever seen, Mother of 'em dream, most of 'em dream…..") … GREAT NIGHT OF MUSIC from a pro that has been at if for more than 45 years… too bad he didn't have RED BEST on harmonica with him tonight… Now duty calls…
GOOD MORNING… Day NINE HUNDRED FIFTY -SEVEN of a remembrance of the years of service and sacrifice of the Yankee Air Pirates and Red River Valley Rats who carried the bloody fight to the heartland of our enemy in North Vietnam…
HEAD LINES from The New York Times for Friday, 18 October 1968…
THE WAR: Page 9: "TOTAL AMERICAN WAR DEAD–KILLED IN ACTION–28,825–RATE OF WAR DEATHS CONTINUES TO DROP–167 Killed in Week Ended October 12–Decline Is Fourth in Row"… "Action on the ground in South Vietnam continued at a slow pace today as military authorities reported for the fourth week a decline in the number of Americans killed in combat. In the week ended October 12, 167 United States soldiers died in combat. THE FIGURE BROUGHT THE TOTAL NUMBER OF AMERICANS KILLED IN THE WAR SINCE JANUARY 1, 1961, TO 28,825…. The decline in deaths is being watched carefully as speculation increases about fighting lulls and peace moves… The latest seven day total for South Vietnamese deaths was 176 with 1,527 enemy troops killed in combat."… Page 8: "5TH MARINE REGIMENT IS AWARDED SEVENTH PRESIDENTIAL UNIT OF WAR"…
PEACE TALKS: Page 1: "HANOI ASSURANCE STILL CALLED KEY TO BOMBING HALT–New U.S. Plan Reported To Drop Word Reciprocity In Bid For Acceptance–Administration Silent–Hanoi Given Option On Its Response–Thieu of South Vietnam Said to Support Move"… Page 1: "PLEDGES BY HANOI URGED IN SAIGON–Unconditional Bombing Halt Is Opposed–Bunker And Thieu Confer Again"… Page 9: "HANOI AGAIN BARS RECIPROCAL MOVES FOR BOMBING HALT"… Page 1: "NIXON AGAIN BACKS A BOMBING PAUSE IF IT COSTS NO LIVES"…
HEAD LINES: Page 1: "MRS. JOHN F. KENNEDY TO WED ONASSIS–She And Her Two Children Fly To Greece"… Page 1: "HUMPHREY COURTS LABOR AND YOUTH–Visits Car Plant In Michigan–Weary After A Long Night at Detroit Discotheque"… Page 2: "WORLD'S POPULATION PUT AT 3.4-BILLION IN U.N. YEARBOOK"… Page 6: "Tension Is Increasing In Jordan Between Regime and Guerrillas"… Page 20: "Boy Scouts Let Down Bars To Girls"… Page 28: "LeMAY SET BACK ON BOMBING VIEW–Said To Get Data In Vietnam Weakening His Raid Idea"… Movie "BULLITT" starring Steve McQueen opens… Page 56: "U.S. LEADERS WARN OF PENALTIES FOR FURTHER BLACK POWER ACTS AT OLYMPICS"… "…The United States committee also warned it would not stand for a repetition of a display made by Tommie Smith and John Carlos, sprinters. The athletes, who finished first and third respectively, in the 200-meter dash, stood on the victory podium with gloved hands upraised in a black power salute and with eyes fixed on the ground during the playing of 'The Star Spangled Banner"…. "
18 OCTOBER 1968… OPERATION ROLLING THUNDER…New York Times (19 Oct reporting 18 Oct ops)…In air action, continued bad weather over the southern part of North Vietnam again hampered bombing strikes. However, the weather had no effect on the high flying B-52 bombers, which pounded 10 scattered areas of South Vietnam where intelligence reports indicated enemy troops were concentrated."… VIETNAM: AIR LOSSES (Chris Hobson) There was one fixed wing aircraft lost in Southeast Asia on 18 October…
(1) MAJOR J.W. QUIST, USMC, and 1LT D.T. SCHANZENBACH, USMC, were flying an RF-4B of VCMJ-1 and MAG-12 out of Danang on a photo reconnaissance mission north of the demilitarized zone at 2,100 feet and 620 knots when hit by ground fire. MAJOR QUIST was able to fly the damaged aircraft eastward to the Gulf of Tonkin before the aircraft had to be abandoned. The pair of Marine aviators ejected and were rescued by a USAF SAR helicopter to fly and photo again."…
1966 and 1968… NONE…
1967… LCDR JOHN FREDERICK BARR, USN… (KIA)… (Refer to RTR for 18 Oct-67, Ripple Salvo #591) LCDR BARR is buried at Houston National Cemetery…
Fifty-three years ago this day CAPTAIN COLLINS and 1LT BRUDNO  were downed by AAA south of Vinh and spent the remained of the war as POWs of the North Vietnamese. Chris Hobson records their final combat flight this way:
"A USAF raid on a railway bridge near Ha Tinh, 35 miles south of Vinh, resulted in the loss of one of the raiders. CAPTAIN COLLINS and 1LT BRUDNO  had just put their F-4B Phantom into a dive from 7,000 feet when it was hit by AAA. The aircraft immediately became uncontrollable and Collins and Brudno ejected. Captain Collins suffered compression fractures to several vertebrae. The crew were captured by local militia and taken to Hanoi to begin more than seven years of brutal treatment in the North Vietnamese prison system. Collins was incarcerated in no less than 12 camps during his time as a POW and contracted beri-beri amongst other diseases and ailments in the unsanitary conditions found at these camps. Both men were released from their imprisonment on 12 February 1973. Brudno had been able to send coded messages in his letter from prison in Hanoi which greatly assisted the Department of Defense's knowledge of the POW camps. However, Brudno suffered greatly both physically and psychologically and on 3 June 1975, just four months after his release, he committed suicide, unable to cope with the return to normalcy."…
The following is an article by Joseph Galloway of the Kidder Newspapers published Tuesday, March 16, 2004 …I quote…
"A debate raging on the Internet has slopped over into public view and public print, and it is a debate that should never have started. It concerns a long overdue decision by the U.S. Air Force and the Department of Defense to engrave the name of Air Force CAPTAIN EDWARD ALAN BRUDNO on the black granite of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington.
"Al Brudno did not die in Vietnam, where he spent seven and a half years in the cells of such North Vietnamese prisons as the Briarpatch, Son Tay and the infamous Hoa Lo Prison–the Hanoi Hilton.
"Four months after he came home to a hero's welcome with the other American POWs ub 1973, Al Brudno killed himself just one day before his 33rd birthday.
"Former POW Orson Swindle, a Marine pilot who is now a member of the Federal Trade Commission, had the cell next to Brudno for more than two years in Son Tay prison Camp. They 'talked' incessantly by tapping on the wall in code. 'he was a very young, very intense, very intelligent,' Swindle remembers. 'He had a degree in aerospace engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Al Brudno wanted to be an astronaut. Swindle said Brudno hated his communist captors and constantly searched for ways to thwart them or ridicule them. 'He was a little guy so he used guile and cunning to outwit the guards,' Swindle added. He was also one of the best at sending hidden messages in the few letters he was permitted to write home.
"A year ago Swindle urged Bob Brudno, Al's brother, to ask the Air Force to investigate Al Brudno's death and add his name to the Wall. There was a thorough investigation, and the Air Force found that it had not done right by Al Brudno. He had been cut loose upon his return from Hanoi, without the support and counseling that is now routine for all returning POWs–routine now BECAUSE of Al Brudno's death.
"'Al came home with mortal wounds,' Swindle says. 'His suicide wa a result of deep wounds that were both physical and mental. I know of no one more entitled to a place on that wall than Al Brudno. The Air Force approved it, and forwarded it to the Department of Defense, which normally accedes to the recommendations of the services and sends the approved name to the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund for engraving.
"That should have been that. But the executive director of the VVMF and one of the co-founders of the organization that built the memorial, former Army grunt Jan Scruggs, decided to go public with his opposition to adding Brudno's name to the Wall. Scruggs hit the Internet and in e-mails called the decision of the Aair Force 'preposterous.' He declared that this act would create a 'new and broad criteria' and make it necessary to add names of at least 20,000 other Vietnam veterans who took their own lives after the war. 'This decision by (the Department of Defense) threatens the integrity and historical interpretation of the wall,' Scruggs wrote. He postulated that the act of putting Brudno's name on the memorial would somehow encourage veterans to come and kill themselves there.
"Scruggs is wrong, of course. First, there is no change in the criteria. If upon investigation, one of the services decides to place a name on the Wall and the Department of Defense endorses the decision, then it is VVMF's job–and Jan Scruggs' job–to engrave the name on the Wall. Period.
"The name of Edward Alan Brudno DESERVES to be on the Wall, among the other 58,335 other American servicemen who either died in Vietnam, or afterward, of their wounds. The names of suicides are already there, if they died in Vietnam. Al Brudno just managed to make it home before he bled out. Al Brudno took everything the North Vietnamese dished out and beat them at their own game for seven and a half years. He came home to a fine welcome, and the cheers of the crowds, but when the crowds went home and the POW family split up, there was no one there to help him deal with all that he had suffered–the torture, the isolation, the loss of the best part of his youth.
"Welcome home, good and faithful soldier. Welcome home."…End quote…
Among the words Al Brudno's brother Bob spoke at a ceremony in Quincy, Massachusetts to honor forty-eight hometown sons who made the final sacrifice in Vietnam, were these:  I quote… "For a while, I wondered why Alan's story attracted so much attention so many years after his death. I now understand. The war is not over for many who served in Vietnam–not just POWs. Unlike any war before Vietnam and none since, this one offered no glory to those sent in harm's way.' He continued, "Alan's generation, our generation, never got to become 'the greatest generation.' No less brave than those who landed at Normandy, our men were asked to risk their lives for their country and ensure the horrors of war, but were denied the thanks and respect of a grateful nation. Today this country truly understands. I am happy that military service is again a noble calling. But for hose of us affected by Vietnam, directly or indirectly, the pain will never go away."….. "We must keep in mind the debt still owed to so many. We must never, ever blame the war on the warriors again."…
CAPTAIN EDWARD ALAN BRUDNO was a brave man whose awards for valor as a POW included two SILVER STAR awards and the LEGION OF MERIT with Valor V. Humble Host adds the Citation for his DISTINGUISHED FLYING CROSS to honor the memory of the man…
"The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Flying Cross to First Lieutenant Edward Alan Brudno, United States Air Force, for heroism while participating in aerial flight as an F-4C Pilot over North Vietnam on 23 September 1965. On that date, Lieutenant Brudno's flight was preparing to make an attack on the Tai Xouan Ammunition Depot when surface-to-air missiles were launched against the flight. Taking evasive action and with complete disregard for his own safety, Lieutenant Brudno broke towards the ammunition depot and flew through an intense barrage of anti-aircraft fire in order to deliver his bombs on target. The outstanding heroism and selfless devotion to duty displayed by Lieutenant Brudno reflect great credit upon himself and the United States Air Force."…
Al Brudno rests in peace, glory gained, duty done… and is remembered on this 53rd anniversary of his final Phantom flight…
CAPTAIN THOMAS EDWARD COLLINS, USAF was in the front cockpit on that flight, and he too endured the seven and a half years of deprivation, torture and inhuman treatment. Among his many awards for valor is this SILVER STAR. The Citation reads:
"The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star to Captain Thomas Edward Collins, III, United States Air Force, for gallantry in connection with military operations against an opposing armed force as an Aircraft Commander of the 68th Tactical Fighter Squadron, in action over Southeast Asia, on 18 October 1965. On that date, Captain Collins was assigned the mission of destroying an important highway bridge complex located deep in hostile territory. The objective was known to be heavily defended and the weather conditions in the area were minimal. By the time Captain Collins had arrived over the target, the opposing forces had been alerted and were directing murderous fire at his aircraft. Although the aircraft sustained a direct hit, Captain Collins courageously continued to press the attack until battle damage rendered his aircraft completely uncontrollable. By his gallantry and devotion to duty, Captain Collins has reflected great credit upon himself and the United States Air Forces."…  
Equally heroic was the service of COLONEL COLLINS' wife– Mrs. Donnie Collins– as the wife of a Missing in Action aviator later determined to be imprisoned by the North Vietnamese. The testimony of Mrs. Collins before the Select Committee for POW/MIA affairs on 3 December 1992 will be posted on RTR in an upcoming "Mighty Thunder" post…  
RTR Quote for 18 October: P.C. WREN, Beau Geste: "The love of a man for a woman waxes and wanes like the moon…But the love for a brother is steadfast in the stars…"…
Lest we forget…    Bear…  
Item Number:2 Date: 10/18/2018 FRANCE - AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL SLAMS FRANCE FOR ARMS SALES TO EGYPT (OCT 18/AI)  AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL -- France has continued to supply weapons to Egypt despite an ongoing crackdown on dissidents and protesters, reports Amnesty International.   French Sherpa and MIDS armored vehicles sold to Egypt have been used to attack protesters and stifle dissent, according to a report released on Tuesday.   Sherpa armored vehicles were used in the attacks on protesters in Rabaa and Nahda squares, in which as many as 1,000 people were killed, the report says. Analysts reviewed open-source video, images and other materials provided by local human-rights groups and media.   The Egyptian government denies allegations that it kills civilians and says the protesters were members of the Muslim Brotherhood, which it classifies as a terrorist group.   Egyptian authorities have taken no steps to suggest that attacks on protesters will end, according to the watchdog group's North African chief.   Sales of French arms to Egypt grew dramatically between 2012 and 2016 and exceeded 1.4 billion euros (US$1.6 billion) in 2017.   French officials say that equipment supplied to Egypt is for military purposes against militants in the Sinai. But imagery cited by Amnesty shows that the Egyptian government has provided it to internal security forces.   Under a 2013 European directive, member states, including France, were to "suspend export licenses towards Egypt of all equipment that can be used for internal regression," reported France 24
Item Number:9 Date: 10/18/2018 RUSSIA - SATELLITE IMAGERY SHOWS UPGRADING OF BASES IN KALININGRAD (OCT 18/CNN)  CABLE NEWS NETWORK -- Satellite imagery appears to show upgrades to four military installations in the Russian exclave of Kaliningrad on the Baltic Sea, reports CNN.   Satellite imagery from July 19 to Oct. 1 shows significant construction on at least four sites in the territory, which is located between Lithuania and Poland.   The modernized sites include a nuclear weapons storage site and the port at Primorsk, where about 40 new bunkers have been constructed.   Near Chkalovsk air base, there appears to be a new railway and a new instrument landing system to aid landings in poor weather.   New sheds for surface-to-surface missile vehicles were detected at the Chernyakhovsk base, which houses the 152nd Missile Brigade. In February, the brigade received nuclear-capable Iskander missiles
Item Number:10 Date: 10/18/2018 TUNISIA - F-5 GOES DOWN IN MED DURING DRILL; PILOT EJECTS (OCT 18/AFP)  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- A Tunisian air force fighter jet has crashed during a multinational training exercise, reports Agence France-Presse.   On Wednesday, the F-5 disappeared from radar screens during drills north of Bizerte, said the Tunisian Defense Ministry.   The pilot ejected safely and was rescued by a Tunisian helicopter, the ministry said.   Italian helicopters also participated in the search for the pilot, according to the Italian Defense Ministry.   Ten Mediterranean states are participating in the exercise, which focuses on surveillance, air defense and coordinating air operations
Item Number:11 Date: 10/18/2018 UKRAINE - 19 KILLED IN ATTACK AT COLLEGE IN KERCH (OCT 18/GUARDIAN)  GUARDIAN -- At least 19 people have been killed and dozens injured in an attack at a college in eastern Crimea, reports the Guardian (U.K.).   On Wednesday, a gunman launched an attack against students and teachers at Kerch Polytechnic College.   The attacker, later identified as an 18-year-old student, opened fire in the halls of the school before detonating a homemade bomb in the cafeteria and then killing himself. The bomb was reportedly laced with metal strips.   Most of the fatalities were from gunshot wounds, investigators said.   Russia's Investigative Committee has launched a criminal investigation into the incident. Moscow illegally annexed Crimea from Ukraine in 2014.   There could have been more than one attacker, the committee said.   The committee initially declared the incident a terror attack, but later revised it to a mass killing.   Russian media indicated that the gunman had told acquaintances that he was angry with his teachers and wanted revenge.   Russian national guardsmen were deployed to the school, noted BBC News
Item Number:13 Date: 10/18/2018 USA - B-52 BOMBERS MAKE ANOTHER FLIGHT NEAR CONTESTED ISLANDS IN S. CHINA SEA. (OCT 18/CNN)  CABLE NEWS NETWORK -- Two U.S. B-52 bombers have flown near islands in the South China Sea claimed by China, reports CNN.   On Tuesday, the Stratofortress bombers left Andersen Air Force Base in Guam for a routine mission in the region, the Pacific Air Forces said on Thursday.   The operation was part of the Indo-Pacific Command's continuous bomber presence operations, ongoing since March 2004, said the command.   The statement did not indicate which islands the bombers flew near.   On Thursday, Defense Secretary James Mattis met with his Chinese counterpart, Wei Fenghe, on the sidelines of a regional security conference in Singapore.   Beijing cancelled previous plans for the top defense officials to meet in China this month.   The ministers agreed on the need to expand high-level ties, said U.S. officials
Item Number:15 Date: 10/18/2018 USA - WHITE HOUSE MULLS NEW STRATEGY TO FORCE IRAN OUT OF SYRIA (OCT 18/NBC)  NBC NEWS -- The U.S. government is developing a new strategy for the war in Syria, reports NBC News.   The new strategy would focus on pushing the Iranian military and its proxy forces out of Syria.   The plan calls for increasing diplomatic and economic pressure on Iran, including suspending reconstruction aid in areas where Russia and Iranian forces are active and imposing sanctions on Russian and Iranian companies working on reconstruction.   It would not include directly targeting or killing Iranian or proxy forces. Military forces retain the right to self-defense.   Targeting and killing Iranian soldiers falls outside of the scope of the Authorization for Use of Military Force, which was passed by Congress in 2001. The authorization only permits military actions against groups responsible for the attacks on Sept. 11, 2001, and associated organizations.   The new strategy also mandates that a new Syrian government cannot have close ties to Iran and must be willing to prosecute individuals who have committed crimes against humanity, officials said. It does not require President Bashar Assad to step down.   The U.S. military will continue to destroy remaining pockets of Islamic State fighters and seeking a political transition once ISIS and Iran are driven out.   Some defense officials have expressed concern that the increased focus on Iran and the presence of Iranian and American military forces in the country could bring the rivals closer to conflict.  
  Item Number:16 Date: 10/18/2018 VIETNAM - MATTIS VISITS AGENT ORANGE SITE AHEAD OF CLEANUP PROJECT (OCT 18/VNEX)  VN EXPRESS -- U.S. Secretary of Defense James Mattis visited a former Agent Orange storage site in Vietnam ahead of the launch of a soil restoration project, reports the VNExpress newspaper.   On Wednesday, Mattis visited Bien Hoa air base north of Ho Chi Minh City during a two-day visit to Vietnam. The base was used by U.S. forces during the Vietnam War to store and deploy the chemical defoliant Agent Orange.   Agent Orange, which produces a carcinogenic dioxin byproduct, has been linked to severe mental and physical disabilities across multiple generations in Vietnam.   In 2014, the U.S. pledged to clean and restore parts of the air base that were heavily contaminated.   The U.S. Agency for International Development is expected to begin the soil restoration project at Bien Hoa in 2019, reported Reuters. The project is expected to take several years and cost US$390 million.   In 2000, the U.S. and Vietnam launched a bilateral effort to resolve humanitarian and wartime issues. In 2012, USAID and the Vietnamese Defense Ministry launched a five year, US$110 million project to clean contaminated soil at Danang International Airport. 

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