Thursday, October 11, 2018

TheList 4832

The List 4832 TGB
To All,
I hope that your week has been going well.
This day in Naval History
Oct. 11
1776—Brig. Gen. Benedict Arnold's 17 ship flotilla is defeated in three long and separate actions at the Battle of Valcour Island on Lake Champlain as they engage 25 ships under Capt. Thomas Pringle. Though defeated, the battle delays the British advance and causes it to fall back into winter quarters. It is nearly a year before the advance is renewed.
1841—Abel P. Upshur becomes the 13th Secretary of the Navy, serving until July 1843. Among his achievements are the replacement of the old Board of Navy Commissioners with the bureau system, regularization of the officer corps, increased Navy appropriations, construction of new sailing and steam warships, and the establishment of the Naval Observatory and Hydrographic Office.
1933—The rigid airship Macon (ZRS 5) departs NAS Lakehurst, NJ, for her new home on the West Coast at NAS Sunnyvale, CA. The airship followed the Atlantic coast down to Macon, GA, and turned westward over the southern route. The craft arrived at Sunnyvale on the afternoon of 15 Oct., completing the 2,500-mile nonstop flight in approximately 70 hours.
1940—Rear Adm. Harold G. Bowen, the technical aid to the Secretary of the Navy, proposes a program for the development of radio ranging equipment (radar). This formed the basis for the Navy's prewar radar development effort, which included an airborne radar for surface search in addition to identification equipment and ship‑based radar.
1942—A cruiser-destroyer task force led by Rear Adm. Norman Scott intercepts a similar Japanese Navy unit. In the resulting Battle of Cape Esperance, the Japanese lose the heavy cruiser Furutaka and destroyer Fubuki, with two more destroyers sunk by American air attacks the next day. The destroyer Duncan (DD 485) is the only loss from Scott's Task Force 64. This victory is the U.S. Navy's first of the Guadalcanal Campaign.
1944—USS Tang (SS 306) sinks Japanese freighters Joshu Go and Oita Maru in the Formosa Strait.  Also on this date, USS Trepang (SS 412), in an attack on a Japanese convoy south of Honshu, sinks landing ship T.105 about 105 miles southwest of Tokyo Bay.
1956—An R6D-1 from VR-6 on scheduled Military Air Transport Service flight from Lakenheath, England, to Lajes, Azores, disappears over the Atlantic with nine crewmembers and 50 passengers aboard. Ships and aircraft searched during the following 14 days and find debris from the Liftmaster, but fail to locate survivors.
1968—Apollo 7 is launched. The first U.S. three-man space mission is commanded by Navy Cmdr. Walter Schirra, Jr. Donn F. Eisele is the command module pilot and Marine Corps Maj. Ronnie Cunningham serves as lunar module pilot. The mission lasts 10 days and 20 hours with 163 orbits. Recovery is facilitated by HS-5 helicopters from USS Essex (CVS 9). 
Today in History October 11

The Catholics defeat the Protestants at Kappel during Switzerland's second civil war.

Charles V of Milan puts his son Philip in control.

George II of England crowned.

In graditude for putting down a rebellion in the streets of Paris, France's National Convention appoints Napoleon Bonaparte second in command of the Army of the Interior.

The Confederate Congress in Richmond passes a draft law allowing anyone owning 20 or more slaves to be exempt from military service. This law confirms many southerners opinion that they are in a 'rich man's war and a poor man's fight.'

Outlaw Wild Bill Longley, who killed at least a dozen men, is hanged, but it took two tries; on the first try, the rope slipped and his knees drug the ground.

South African Boers, settler from the Netherlands, declare war on Great Britain.

San Francisco school board orders the segregation of Oriental schoolchildren, inciting Japanese outrage.

In the Battle of Cape Esperance, near the Solomon Islands, U.S. cruisers and destroyers decisively defeat a Japanese task force in a night surface encounter.

Negotiations between Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek and Communist leader Mao Tse-tung break down. Nationalist and Communist troops are soon engaged in a civil war.

The Federal Communications Commission authorizes the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) to begin commercial color TV broadcasts.

Pope John XXIII opens the 21st Ecumenical Council (Vatican II) with a call for Christian unity. This is the largest gathering of the Roman Catholic hierarchy in history; among delegate-observers are representatives of major Protestant denominations, in itself a sign of sweeping change.

Apollo 7, with three men aboard, is successfully launched from Cape Kennedy.

A French mission in Vietnam is destroyed by a U.S. bombing raid.

Race riot breaks out aboard carrier USS Kitty Hawk off Vietnam during Operation Linebacker.

Saturday Night Live comedy-variety show premiers on NBC, with guest host comedian George Carlin and special guests Janis Ian, Andy Kaufman and Billy Preston; at this writing (2013) the show is still running.

The so-called "Gang of Four," Chairman Mao Tse-tung's widow and three associates, are arrested in Peking, setting in motion an extended period of turmoil in the Chinese Communist Party.

Astronaut Kathryn D. Sullivan, part of the crew of Space Shuttle Challenger, becomes the first American woman to walk in space.

Operation Pawan by Indian Peace Keeping Force begins in Sri Lanka; thousands of Tamil citizens, along with hundreds of Tamil Tigers militants and Indian Army soldiers will die in the operation.

Confirmation hearings for Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas begin.

NASA launches its 100th Space Shuttle mission.

The Polaroid Corporation, which had provided shutterbugs with photo prints in minutes with its "instant cameras" since 1947, files for bankruptcy.
Thanks to Dr. Rich
Opps... The Wrong Aircraft Carrier
Thanks to Mud….I did enjoy the read.
  If you have time, you will enjoy reading this.  It's a wonderful piece.
S/F & V/R,
- Mud
This is a wonderful piece by Michael Gartner, editor of newspapers large and small and president of NBC News.  In 1997, he won the Pulitzer Prize for editorial writing.  It is well worth reading, and a few good chuckles are guaranteed.  Here goes.
My father never drove a car.  Well, that's not quite right.  I should say I never saw him drive a car.  He quit driving in 1927, when he was 25 years old, and the last car he drove was a 1926 Whippet.
"In those days," he told me when he was in his 90s, "to drive a car you had to do things with your hands, and do things with your feet, and look every which way, and I decided you could walk through life and enjoy it or drive through life and miss it."
At which point my mother, a sometimes salty Irishwoman, chimed in: "Oh, bull shit!" she said. "He hit a horse."
"Well," my father said, "there was that, too."
So my brother and I grew up in a household without a car. The neighbors all had cars -- the Kollingses next door had a green 1941 Dodge, the VanLaninghams across the street a gray 1936 Plymouth, the Hopsons two doors down a black 1941 Ford -- but we had none.
My father, a newspaperman in Des Moines , would take the streetcar to work and, often as not, walk the 3 miles home. If he took the streetcar home, my mother and brother and I would walk the three blocks to the streetcar stop, meet him and walk home together.
My brother, David, was born in 1935, and I was born in 1938, and sometimes, at dinner, we'd ask how come all the neighbors had cars but we had none. "No one in the family drives," my mother would explain, and that was that.
But, sometimes, my father would say, "But as soon as one of you boys turns 16, we'll get one." It was as if he wasn't sure which one of us would turn 16 first.
But, sure enough, my brother turned 16 before I did, so in 1951 my parents bought a used 1950 Chevrolet from a friend who ran the parts department at a Chevy dealership downtown.
It was a four-door, white model, stick shift, fender skirts, loaded with everything, and, since my parents didn't drive, it more or less became my brother's car.
Having a car but not being able to drive didn't bother my father, but it didn't make sense to my mother.
So in 1952, when she was 43 years old, she asked a friend to teach her to drive. She learned in a nearby cemetery, the place where I learned to drive the following year and where, a generation later, I took my two sons to practice driving. The cemetery probably was my father's idea. "Who can your mother hurt in the cemetery?" I remember him saying more than once.
For the next 45 years or so, until she was 90, my mother was the driver in the family. Neither she nor my father had any sense of direction, but he loaded up on maps -- though they seldom left the city limits -- and appointed himself navigator. It seemed to work.
Still, they both continued to walk a lot. My mother was a devout Catholic, and my father an equally devout agnostic, an arrangement that didn't seem to bother either of them through their 75 years of marriage.
(Yes, 75 years, and they were deeply in love the entire time.)
He retired when he was 70, and nearly every morning for the next 20 years or so, he would walk with her the mile to St. Augustin's Church. She would walk down and sit in the front pew, and he would wait in the back until he saw which of the parish's two priests was on duty that morning. If it was the pastor, my father then would go out and take a 2-mile walk, meeting my mother at the end of the service and walking her home.
If it was the assistant pastor, he'd take just a 1-mile walk and then head back to the church. He called the priests "Father Fast" and "Father Slow."
After he retired, my father almost always accompanied my mother whenever she drove anywhere, even if he had no reason to go along. If she were going to the beauty parlor, he'd sit in the car and read, or go take a stroll or, if it was summer, have her keep the engine running so he could listen to the Cubs game on the radio. In the evening, then, when I'd stop by, he'd explain: "The Cubs lost again. The millionaire on second base made a bad throw to the millionaire on first base, so the multimillionaire on third base scored."
If she were going to the grocery store, he would go along to carry the bags out -- and to make sure she loaded up on ice cream. As I said, he was always the navigator, and once, when he was 95 and she was 88 and still driving, he said to me, "Do you want to know the secret of a long life?"
"I guess so," I said, knowing it probably would be something bizarre.
"No left turns," he said.
"What?" I asked
"No left turns," he repeated. "Several years ago, your mother and I read an article that said most accidents that old people are in happen when they turn left in front of oncoming traffic.
As you get older, your eyesight worsens, and you can lose your depth perception, it said. So your mother and I decided never again to make a left turn."
"What?" I said again.
"No left turns," he said. "Think about it.. Three rights are the same as a left, and that's a lot safer. So we always make three rights."
"You're kidding!" I said, and I turned to my mother for support.
"No," she said, "your father is right. We make three rights. It works." But then she added: "Except when your father loses count."
I was driving at the time, and I almost drove off the road as I started laughing.
"Loses count?" I asked.
"Yes," my father admitted, "that sometimes happens. But it's not a problem. You just make seven rights, and you're okay again."
I couldn't resist. "Do you ever go for 11?" I asked.
"No," he said " If we miss it at seven, we just come home and call it a bad day. Besides, nothing in life is so important it can't be put off another day or another week,"
My mother was never in an accident, but one evening she handed me her car keys and said she had decided to quit driving. That was in 1999, when she was 90.
She lived four more years, until 2003.. My father died the next year at 102.
They both died in the bungalow they had moved into in 1937 and bought a few years later for $3,000. (Sixty years later, my brother and I paid $8,000 to have a shower put in the tiny bathroom -- the house had never had one. My father would have died then and there if he knew the shower cost nearly three times what he paid for the house.)
He continued to walk daily -- he had me get him a treadmill when he was 101 because he was afraid he'd fall on the icy sidewalks but wanted to keep exercising -- and he was of sound mind and sound body until the moment he died.
One September afternoon in 2004, he and my son went with me when I had to give a talk in a neighboring town, and it was clear to all three of us that he was wearing out, though we had the usual wide-ranging conversation about politics and newspapers and things in the news.
A few weeks earlier, he had told my son, "You know, Mike, the first hundred years are a lot easier than the second hundred."
At one point in our drive that Saturday, he said, "You know, I'm probably not going to live much longer."
"You're probably right," I said.
"Why would you say that?" He countered, somewhat irritated.
"Because you're 102 years old," I said.
"Yes," he said, "you're right." He stayed in bed all the next day.
That night, I suggested to my son and daughter that we sit up with him through the night.
He appreciated it, he said, though at one point, apparently seeing us look gloomy, he said: "I would like to make an announcement. No one in this room is dead yet"
An hour or so later, he spoke his last words, "I want you to know," he said, clearly and lucidly, "that I am in no pain. I am very comfortable. And I have had as happy a life as anyone on this earth could ever have."
A short time later, he died.
I miss him a lot, and I think about him a lot. I've wondered now and then how it was that my family and I were so lucky that he lived so long.
I can't figure out if it was because he walked through life, Or because he quit taking left turns. "
Life is too short to wake up with regrets. So love the people who treat you right. Forget about the ones who don't. Believe everything happens for a reason. If you get a chance, take it & if it changes your life, let it.
Thanks to John …
I've seen a few clips of this before, but not the full video … amazing!  This clip includes some of the "misses"!!
Click on the screenshot or the link below it ...
Item Number:1 Date: 10/11/2018 AFGHANISTAN - CIVILIAN CASUALTIES REMAIN HIGH, SAYS UNAMA REPORT (OCT 11/TN)  TOLONEWS -- Civilians continue to suffer a high rate of casualties in Afghanistan, according to a new U.N. Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) report cited by Tolo News (Afghanistan).   Between Jan. 1 and Sept. 30, the U.N. mission documented 8,050 civilian casualties, according to the report, which was released on Wednesday. This is a similar level to that seen over the same period in 2017.   U.N. observers confirmed 2,798 deaths and 5,252 injured, bringing killings of civilians to a level not seen since 2014, according to a copy of the report reviewed by Military Periscope.   Insurgents and terrorists have increasingly targeted civilians in 2018, noted the study. Attacks by anti-government forces were responsible for 65 percent of overall casualties, compared to 22 percent by government security forces.   Suicide, complex and non-suicide improvised explosive device (IED) attacks represented for 45 percent of total casualties.   Ground engagements accounted for 29 percent of casualties, with slightly more at the hands of insurgents than those of government forces. This was a 26 percent decrease compared to 2017.   However, the number of casualties attributed to Afghan and coalition airstrikes increased by 39 percent, says the report.   For the first time, Nangarhar surpassed Kabul as the province with the most civilian casualties
Item Number:2 Date: 10/11/2018 CHAD - 8 SOLDIERS, 48 MILITANTS KILLED IN BOKO HARAM ATTACK (OCT 11/AFP)  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- Eight Chadian soldiers have been killed and 11 wounded in fighting with Boko Haram in the Lake Chad region, reports Agence France-Presse.   On Wednesday morning, militants attacked military positions in Kaiga Kindji, said a government spokesman.   At least 48 Boko Haram fighters were killed in the fighting as Chadian troops "vigorously repulsed" the attack, he said.   There has been a recent uptick in Boko Haram attacks in Chad, noted experts
Item Number:7 Date: 10/11/2018 ISRAEL - RIFLE OPTIC DRASTICALLY ENHANCES ACCURACY (OCT 11/ARMY)  ARMY TIMES -- Israeli firm Smart Shooter has unveiled a new optical device for assault rifles that virtually guarantees that rounds hit their targets, reports the Army Times.   The SMASH 2000 Plus is an optical device that can be fitted on a range of weapons, including the M4 carbine. The system works by tracking potential ground and aerial drone targets using a day or night mode with traditional red dot sight picture.   Once a targeting solution is finalized, the round is fired and hits the target even if a soldier's natural breathing and fatigue affects aim, a Smart Shooter official told the newspaper.   The system controls the exact moment when the bullet is released, preventing firing until the operator is on target, the official said.   Smart Shooter also offers an optional video-recording function for training or after-action debriefs or analysis.   The company also offers the SMASH 2000M variant with a four-fold increase in magnification and the SMASH 2000N with enhanced night capabilities.   SMASH 2000 has been in use by the Israeli military since earlier this year, the firm said.   The system has also been successfully tested by U.S. special operations forces, the Australian army as part of its F-60 assault rifle upgrade program and other military agencies
Item Number:10 Date: 10/11/2018 SOMALIA - ABU DHABI CONTINUES TO VIOLATE SANCTIONS, SAYS U.N. (OCT 11/ALJAZ)  AL JAZEERA -- An unpublished U.N. report says the United Arab Emirates has been violating the arms embargo on Somalia, reports Al Jazeera (Qatar).   In addition, the U.A.E. continues to build a base in Berbera in Somalia's breakaway Somaliland region, says the report by an expert panel from the U.N. Sanctions Committee, which was reviewed by the news service.   Development of the base has included the transfer of military equipment to the site, in violation of sanctions in place since the outbreak of war in 1992.   In 2017, the U.A.E. began constructing the base, which is well-situated to supply Emirati troops fighting Houthi rebels in Yemen.   The Somali government has urged the United Nations to take action against the base, fearing it may strengthen the hand of Somaliland secessionists.   In September 2017, Somali maritime police intercepted a shipment of weapons coming from Yemen, which was believed to have originated in the U.A.E
Item Number:11 Date: 10/11/2018 SYRIA - KEY BENCHMARKS MET BUT CHALLENGES REMAIN IN IDLIB DEAL (OCT 11/AFP)  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- Russia and Turkey have confirmed key benchmarks in a deal to avert full-scale conflict in the rebel-held province of Idlib, Syria, reports Agence France-Presse.   About 1,000 "radical rebels" have left Idlib ahead of the Oct. 15 deadline agreed to by Russia and Turkey, Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said on Wednesday.   Turkey confirmed that heavy weapons had been withdrawn from a buffer zone along the front lines.   No heavy weapons were seen in the buffer area in Idlib, the head of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a U.K.-based watchdog group, said on Tuesday.   He was unable to confirm that weapons had been withdrawn from a part of the zone that extended into Latakia province, which has remained in government hands throughout the war.   Russia and Turkey reached the agreement in September to avert heavy fighting similar to Syrian government operations that recaptured other areas of Syria earlier this year, including Quneitra and Eastern Ghouta.   Both sides agreed to joint patrols to ensure compliance with the deal. Turkey has deployed troops to monitoring posts in the area.   Not all radical groups have withdrawn from the province, however. Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), a radical jihadist group that was formerly Al-Qaida's designated affiliate in Syria, remains one of Idlib's most powerful militant forces.   HTS and other radical groups have not indicated whether they will abide by the agreement
for instability in the region.   In her speech, Tsai called for enhanced defense capabilities
Item Number:14 Date: 10/11/2018 USA - MANY WEAPON SYSTEMS SUFFER FROM CYBER VULNERABILITIES, SAYS GAO (OCT 11/D1)  DEFENSE ONE -- An investigation by the Government Accountability Office has uncovered significant cyber vulnerabilities in many U.S. weapon systems, reports Defense One.   Testers discovered security issues in many U.S. weapons, including some currently under development and others whose flaws were first identified years ago, says the GAO report that was published on Tuesday.   The investigation was launched in July 2017 and concluded last month.   Vulnerabilities included weapons and systems using default passwords; unauthorized access being obtained with simple tools; and weapons shutting down after being scanned.   Testers also looked for previously reported vulnerabilities. In one instance, only one in 20 have been fixed.   The investigation also determined that the Pentagon does not know the extent of its cyber vulnerabilities, since some testing was limited or halted early, reported the Hill (Washington D.C.).   The investigation comes as the Pentagon rapidly seeks to network all of its aircraft, ships, vehicles and personnel.   Weapons have become more vulnerable as their complexity increases and they are increasingly linked with other systems, radios and platforms. More components can now be attacked using cyber capabilities and networks can be used as a pathway to attack other systems, the report says.   While the report does not make any recommendations, it cites a 2015 RAND study that called for closing feedback gaps and increasing transparency by conducting regular assessments of cybersecurity programs.  
  Item Number:16 Date: 10/11/2018 YEMEN - ARMY OP KILLS 15 HOUTHI REBELS IN NORTHWEST (OCT 11/GULF)  GULF NEWS -- At least 15 Houthi rebels have been killed in military operations in northwestern Yemen, reports the Gulf News (Dubai).   On Monday, the Yemeni army attacked rebel positions in the Baqim district in Saada province near the border with Saudi Arabia, unnamed sources said on Tuesday.   Troops seized an arms depot in the attack, said the source.   The Saudi-led coalition also launched airstrikes in support of the ground operation. Several rebel weapons and missile depots in the Majz district were reportedly destroyed.   Two Houthi commanders were killed in the operations, reported Al Arabiya (Dubai). Another 18 militants were killed in Saudi-led airstrikes, said unnamed sources.   Houthi rebels routinely launch missiles toward Saudi Arabia from Saada province.   Yemeni forces have intensified attacks against Houthi rebels in coordination with the coalition.   At least 52 militia commanders were killed in clashes with government loyalists and coalition airstrikes in September, said military sources.

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