Friday, September 21, 2018

TheList 4818

The List 4818 TGB

To All,
I hope that you all have a great weekend.
This day in Naval History
Sept. 21
1858—The sloop, USS Niagara, departs Charleston, S. C., for Liberia carrying 200 Africans liberated from the slave brig Echo off the coast of Cuba by USS Dolphin.
1860—The sloop USS Portsmouth captures the American slave ship Emily at Loango, Africa.
1862—During the Civil War, the wooden screw gunboat USS Albatross, commanded by Cmdr. Henry French, captures the schooner Two Sisters off the Rio Grande River. The schooner later serves in the East Gulf Blockading Squadron.
1944—USS Haddo (SS 255) torpedoes and sinks the Japanese survey ship, Katsuriki, off Manila, Philippines.
1956—An F11F "Tiger" aircraft shoots itself down while conducting firing tests over eastern Long Island, NY. The plane runs into 20-mm projectiles, which fires seconds before at a higher altitude.
2017—The Navy awards a $5.1 billion contract to General Dynamics Electric Boat for Integrated Product and Process Development (IPPD) of the Columbia-class Fleet Ballistic Missile Submarine (SSBN). The IPPD contract award includes design, completion, component and technology development and prototyping work.
Sept. 22
1861—Commodore William W. McKean assumes command of the Gulf Blockading Squadron.
1863—During the Civil War, USS De Soto, commanded by Capt. W. M. Walker, recaptures the Army tug Leviathan in the Gulf of Mexico, some 40 miles off shore. She had been captured by the Confederates earlier in the day.
1944—USS Yukon (AF 9) is hit in her starboard side by a torpedo fired by German submarine U-979, about 43 miles west of Reykjavik, Iceland. Damaged, she steams at three knots until her SOS is responded to by tugs from Reykjavik.
1952—During the Korean War, enemy guns fire on Sosari. HMS Cardigan Bay (PF) and USS Bradford (DD 545) provide direct counter battery fire, silencing the guns.
1959—USS Patrick Henry (SSBN 599) is launched. In 1982, her ballistic missile tubes are disabled, and she is reclassified as an attack submarine. The boat is decommissioned in 1984.
1979—USNS Catawba (T-ATF 168) is christened and launched at Marinette marine Corp, Marinette, Wisc. The fleet ocean tug provides towing, diving and standby submarine rescue services to the Navy's numbered fleet commanders.
1989—After Hurricane Hugo, Sailors and Marines provide assistance to Charleston, SC through Oct. 10.
1990—USNS Kanawha (T-AO 196) is christened and launched at the Sun Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, Chester, PA. The Henry J. Kaiser-class fleet replenishment oiler provides underway replenishment of fuel, fleet cargo and stores to the Navy through the Military Sealift Command.
2012—USS Fort Worth (LCS 3) is commissioned in Galveston, TX. The littoral combat ship is the first US Navy warship to be named after the fifth largest city in Texas.
Sept. 23
1779—The frigate, Bonhomme Richard, commanded by John Paul Jones, engages HMS Serapis. During the battle, with his ship nearly destroyed, he refuses to surrender, shouting "I have not yet begun to fight." With assistance from the Continental frigate Alliance, John Paul Jones captures Serapis. Two days later, Bonhomme Richard sinks under the sea.
1813—During the War of 1812, the frigate President, commanded by Commodore John Rodgers, captures the British HMS High Flyer off Nantucket Sound.
1861—Rear Adm. Louis M. Goldsborough assumes command of the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron including operations in the Chesapeake during the Civil War.
1931—The first landing of an autogiro on board an aircraft carrier is made by Lt. Alfred M. Pride, USN, in a XOP 1, onboard USS Langley (CV 1) while underway.
1944—USS West Virginia (BB 48) reaches Pearl Harbor and rejoins the Pacific Fleet, marking the end of the salvage and reconstruction of 18 ships damaged Dec. 7, 1941.
1989—USNS Pecos (T-AO 197) is christened and launched at the Avondale Shipyards in New Orleans, Louisiana. The Henry J. Kaiser-class fleet replenishment oiler provides underway replenishment of fuel, fleet cargo and stores to the Navy through the Military Sealift Command.
1990—During Operation Desert Shield, the two hospital ships, USNS Mercy (T AH 19) and USNS Comfort (T AH 20), steam together for first time in the Persian Gulf. 
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
Top national news includes a woman killing three people before killing herself at a Rite Aid in Maryland; a man charged with murder in the stabbing death of a Washington woman who was jogging Tuesday evening; and satellite imagery showing Florence's floodwaters polluting the Atlantic.  While the Pentagon plans to save $46 billion by cutting waste between FY 2019 and 2023, most of the Navy's major programs, such as the Ford-class nuclear aircraft carrier, the F-35C Lighting II Joint Strike Fighter and the new Columbia-class submarine will likely avoid significant cuts reports USNI News. Defense Daily reports that the White House has released a new National Cyber Strategy, easing rules on offensive operations. Additionally, the Wall Street Journal reports that North Korea has indicated that it is open to allowing outside inspections of a nuclear-weapons testing site it closed in May
Today in History September 21


In Italy, Aetius, the supreme army commander, is murdered in Ravenna by Valentinian III, the emperor of the West.

Edward II of England is murdered by order of his wife.

Suleiman (the Magnificent), son of Selim, becomes Ottoman sultan in Constantinople.

The Duke of Mayenne of France is defeated by Henry IV at the Battle of Arques.

James Needham returns to Virginia after exploring the land to the west, which would become Tennessee.

A Scottish Jacobite army commanded by Lord George Murray routs the Royalist army of General Sir John Cope at Prestonpans.

Union troops defeated at Chickamauga seek refuge in Chattanooga, Tennessee, which is then besieged by Confederate troops.

Exiled Nez Perce leader Chief Joseph dies of a "broken heart".

Stonehenge is sold by auction for 6,600 pounds sterling ($11,500) to a Mr. Chubb, who buys it as a present for his wife. He presents it to the British nation three years later.

Fighting between China and the Soviet Union breaks out along the Manchurian border.

The German army holds its largest maneuvers since 1914.

The women's airspeed record is set at 292 mph by American pilot Jacqueline Cochran.

J.R.R. Tolkien's fantasy novel The Hobbit is published.

The German Army cuts off the Crimean Peninsula from the rest of the Soviet Union.

British forces attack the Japanese in Burma.

U.S. troops of the 7th Army, invading Southern France, cross the Meuse River.

Two Soviet cosmonauts set a space endurance record after 96 days in space.

Belize granted full independence from the United Kingdom.

General Colin Powell is confirmed by the U.S. Senate as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

Armenia granted independence from USSR.

The Russian constitutional crisis of 1993 begins when Russian President Boris Yeltsin suspends parliament and invalidates the existing constitution.

Earthquake in Taiwan kills more than 2,400, injures over 11,305, and causes $300 billion New Taiwan dollars ($10 billion in US dollars).

Galileo space mission ends as the probe is sent into Jupiter's atmosphere where it is crushed.
Rolling Thunder Remembered 2 March 1965 - Operation Rolling Thunder - 1 November 1968
RIPPLE SALVO… #930… CAPTAIN DUANE WHITNEY MARTIN, USAF (2 JAN 1940–3 JULY 1966) was presented the Air Force Cross, posthumously, "for extraordinary heroism in military operations against an opposing armed force as Pilot of an HH-43B helicopter of Detachment 3, 38th Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Squadron, Tan Son Nhut Air Base, Vietnam, in action 40 miles south of Vinh, North Vietnam on 20 September 1968." He and his three crew mates in "Dutchy 41" (Captain Thomas Jerry Curtis, Sergeant William A. Robinson and Airman First Class Arthur Black) were downed attempting the rescue of F-105D pilot Captain Willis E. Forby. All were captured. Curtis, Robinson and Black by the North Vietnamese and spent 2,703 days confined as POWs in Hanoi. (See RTR for 20 Sept 18, yesterday). Captain Martin was captured by the Pathet Lao, and therein lies the story. POWs in North Vietnam came home. POWs in Laos? Hardly ever. See Ripple Salvo below…  But first…
Goode Morning… 21-SEPT is NATIONAL POW/MIA RECOGNITION DAY–break out your flag and let it wave… Lest we forget…
HEAD LINES from The New York Times for Saturday, 21 September 1968…
THE WAR: Page: "MARINES LANDED IN DMZ–PUSH SOUTHWARD–110 OF FOE REPORTED KILLED IN SECOND DRIVE OF WEEK AGAINST ZONE BUILD-UP– Operation Marks Departure In American Tactics–500 Rifles Uncovered"… "A force of 2,000 marines airlifted to a site at the North Vietnamese border swept southward today and reported killing 110 enemy troops in a drive against an enemy build-up in the demilitarized zone. It was the second thrust into the southern area of the six mile-wide DMZ in a week and the fifth this summer, underscoring the determination of United States commanders to protect the string of allied outposts just south of the DMZ. Allied intelligence reports said that a full division of North Vietnamese infantry, as many as 7,000 men, was massing in the buffer zone, posing a threat to the American bases at Camlo, Camp Carroll and the Rockpile…. DRIVE BEGAN TUESDAY… United States headquarters said that the new offensive began when fleets of helicopters dropped the Marine assault team from the 4th and 9th Regiments of the 3rd Division at the southern banks of the Benhai River, the boundary between North and South Vietnam in the center of the DMZ…United States casualties were described s light…"… Page 11: "AMERICANS INJURE 14 AUSSIES"… "Fourteen Australian soldiers were wounded yesterday when cannon fire from an American warplane cut them down during an assault on an enemy position in a jungle southeast of Saigon. Only one was seriously injured. The offending aircraft was an F-100 Super Sabre following up a bombing attack with 20-mm strafing…".
PEACE… On 21 September 1968 the "OSLO CONNECTION" popped open and in the back channel through Oslo, Norway it appeared that the North Vietnamese were proposing a slight give of some of their offensive operations. A series of four long telegrams and letters were delivered to the White house while the President was in Texas. Walt Rostow has saved us all a lot of reading by boiling the eight pages down to two for the President. Humble Host links to Document 25, which references the other four historical documents which you can access from 25 by keying the small carrot at three-o'clock on each document to get to the next. I recommend a quick read of 25 to get to the bottom line where Rostow writes: "Most interesting aspect of conversation was definite North Vietnamese statement tht they would stop their artillery fire across DMZ if U.S. stopped all bombing of North Vietnam and its artillery fire across DMZ. Hanoi has thus indicated its readiness to pay a specific price (although not a very high one) for the stopping of the bombing." Read Document 25, Rostow's summary telegram to the President, and access the other four documents at…
Humble Host notes that this series of formerly Top Secret, Eyes Only sensitive documentation is akin to the flow of documents in the State Department, White House channels at the present time concerning ongoing negotiations with Iran, North Korea, Russia, Those documents won't be seen by the public for the next fifty years, but D25 (and four more) are a good history lesson for scholars and students. This is what goes on in the back channels every day in Foggy Bottom and the West Wing…
Page 1: "RUSSIANS CONFIRM FLIGHT OF ZOND 5 AROUND THE MOON"… Page 1: "HUMPHREY PRODS NIXON TO ENGAGE IN DIRECT DEBATE– He accuses His Opponent Of Compromise and Evasion On Human Rights Issues"… Page 1: "NIXON IS HAILED IN PHILADELPHIA–Reception Turned Greater By Far Than Humphrey's–Candidate Is Elated"… Page 1: "DUBCEK PUTS OFF VISIT TO MOSCOW–Postponement Of New Talks Ascribed To Disagreement Over Neutralization"… Page 8: "Tension In Mexico City Produces A Dialogue of the Deaf"… Page 9: "Students Battle Mexican Police–Several Hurt On 2nd Day of Clashes At Institute"… Page 10: "STUDY FINDS DEFOLIANTS CHANGE VIETNAM ECOLOGY–But No Permanent Damage By"… Page 16: "AGNEW CHARGES A CREDIBILITY GAP–GOVERNOR VOWS POLICY OF TRUTH–In San Francisco, He Says The Public Is Misled" …Page 16: "HUMPHREY EXTOLS THE VIRTUES OF RUSTIC LIFE IN PLEA TO FARMERS–Scorns City-Bred Rival"…
21 SEPTEMBER 1968…OPERATION ROLLING THUNDER…New York Times/AP…No coverage of operations north of the DMZ…VIETNAM: AIR LOSSES (Chris Hobson) There were two fixed wing aircraft downed in Southeast Asia on 21 September 1968…
(1) CAPTAIN ROBERT F. CONLEY, JR., USMC and 1LT STEVEN R. MAJOR, USMC were flying an F-4B of the VMFA-115 Silver Eagles and MAG-13 out of Chu Lai and went down on a close air support mission. Chris Hobson tells the story: "The Marines lost another Phantom while attacking troops during a close air support mission near Phu Bai south of Hue. Both crew were killed when the aircraft was hit by ground fire during the first pass on the target. The pilot was the son of Brig. Gen. Robert F. Conley, a well known Marine aviator who had shot down a MiG-15 at night during the Korean War and who had commanded VMF(AW)-312 at Danang in 1965 and MAG-11 in 1966."…
(2) LCOL D.D. KLEIN and 1LT R.P. ERICKSON were flying a B-57B Canberra of the 8th TBS and 35th TFW out of Phan Rang on a night strike on a truck park in southern Laos when downed by 37-mm ground fire. They were on their fifth attack when hit. LCOL KLEIN headed for and made it to the Gulf of Tonkin 100 miles away where the two night flyers ejected. They were rescued by a Navy SAR to fly and fight again, at night…
1965, 1968… NONE…
RIPPLE SALVO… #930… NATIONAL POW/MIA RECOGNITION DAY… No better incident during the Rolling Thunder Operation to illustrate the what the day of remembrance is all about. When "Dutchy 41" went down under the guns of a massive flak trap, four fearless aviators joined an equally brave fighter pilot on the ground. The fickle finger of Fate brought five American warriors to an unplanned fork in their individual paths of life: a sudden stop, followed by a change in their respective destinies. For four of the men Fate moved them into the cruel hands of the North Vietnamese to be interned as POWs for the next 2,703 days of their lives. CAPTAIN DUANE W. MARTIN, on the other hand, was pulled in a different direction by "a quirk of Fate," and would instead become a prisoner of the Pathet Lao. He would be Missing-in-Action for the rest of his life.
From wikipedia… "Curtis, Robinson, and Black (and Forby) were all captured by the North Vietnamese Army and taken to a POW camp in North Vietnam. they were later released in Operation homecoming. Martin, on the other hand, was captured by the Pathet Lao and taken to a POW camp in Laos. There he joined fellow prisoners Eugene DeBruin (American), Phisit Intharathat, Prasit Promsuwan, Prasit Dhanee (all Thai), and Y.C (Chinese). They were joined in February 1966 by United States Navy Lieutenant Dieter Dengler. On 29 June 1966, while the guards were eating, the group slipped out of their hand and foot restraints and grabbed the guard's unattended weapons. The Pathet Lao guards spotted some of the other prisoners trying to escape. Dieter fired at a machete wielding guard and Phisit Intharathat killed the other guards. Phisit, in his own account said he killed one guard as he reached for his rifle and the other three in total were killed and the rest ran away. The seven prisoners split into three groups: Phisit, and the other Thai prisoners; DeBruin stayed with To, who had been too ill to continue with the escape; Dengler and Martin headed for the Mekong River to escape to Thailand.
Several days after the escape, Martin and Dengler were hiding out near an Akha village. Martin had a bout of malaria and was severely weakened. He was further demoralized when an attempt to signal a C-130 flareship that came over them produced no results (in another account it was a Huey helo that overflew the pair of evaders). He told Dengler that he was going to die. Later that day he told Dengler that he was going to try to steal some food from the village. Dengler told him it would be suicide but accompanied him on the venture. As they neared the village, they encountered a boy playing with a dog. The boy alerted the village of their presence and a villager came running toward them with a machete. Martin knelt down on the trail with his hands clasped before him in supplication, but the man swung at Martin, first hitting him in the leg. His second swing struck Martin in the back of the neck, killing him. Dengler managed to escape back into the jungle and was rescued several weeks later (20 July 1966). Other than Dengler, Phisit Intharathat was the only known survivor. The rest of the prisoners are still unaccounted for."
From Task Force Omega (great site for info on the MIAs): "Duane W. Martin is among nearly 600 Americans who disappeared in Laos. The Lao admitted holding 'tens of tens' (??) of American Prisoners of War, but these men were never negotiated for either by direct negotiation between our countries of the Pari Peace Accords since Laos was not a party to that agreement. Since the end of the Vietnam war, over 21,000 reports of American prisoners, missing and otherwise unaccounted for have been received by our government."…
On this Day of National Recognition of POWs and MIAs, Humble Host encourages  a visit to the DEFENSE POW/MIA ACCOUNTING AGENCY web site… browse it… draw your own conclusion…mine?…The search for the missing is in good hands. There are 82,000 American fighting men still missing to find, recover and return to the country and families they died for… The goal remains… "the fullest possible accounting of our missing."
This is as good day to "Leave a Remembrance" for one or more of the guys left behind. There is an open log for every fallen or missing warrior whose name is on the wall. Google "VVMF, Wall of Faces"…
Lest we forget…    Bear
thanks to THE Bear 
Gentlemen... When the POWs came home they were asked to contribute a few thoughts about their years in the North Vietnamese prison system for captured American warriors. A prison system I described in today's RTR as: "inhuman conditions under the watch of depraved and cruel keepers, frequently enduring years on end in solitary confinement broken only by periods of unspeakable torture." Captain William Robinson, USAF, had this to say about his 2,703 days as a POW in this system... "We believed every day this thing could end. l think about the times that someone would boom on the wall, and we'd all stand up in unison and face the east, look at and imagine an imaginary flag and recite the Pledge of Allegiance and then the Lord's Prayer. These were the things we did over and over again." Our nation is long on heroes.
Kaepernick is not one of them. Rather, he is a national embarrassment deserving of spit.
Lest we forget... 21 September is National POW/MIA Day...    Bear
This is still going on……
Thanks to Carl. After taking care of my parents and my elderly next door neighbors for the last 10 years I am amazed at the amount of meds that the various doctors prescribe. In a couple cases the meds combined to cause major problems to a couple of them.
Physicians Find Americans Taking Too Much Medication
September 20, 2017 
Story at-a-glance 
Most physicians in the U.S. believe overtreatment is harmful, wasteful and common, costing Americans both financially and very real physical health damage from unintended side effects
Improvements in imaging and testing have led to an increase in the number of people diagnosed with diseases, but not necessarily a reduction in the number who die from the condition
Seek out a physician who prescribes medications conservatively to reduce your risks while improving your nutritional, exercise and movement lifestyle choices
Thanks to Tom
A very interesting column. COMPLETELY NEUTRAL
This is supposed to be Charley Reese's final column for the Orlando Sentinel...
He was a journalist for 49 years.
This is about as clear and easy to understand as it can be. The article below is completely neutral, neither anti-republican nor democrat. Charlie Reese, a retired reporter for the Orlando Sentinel, has hit the nail directly on the head, defining clearly who it is that in the final analysis must assume responsibility for the judgments made that impact each one of us every day.
It's a relatively short but good read. Worth the time. Worth remembering!
545 vs. 300,000,000 People- by Charlie Reese
Politicians are the only people in the world who create problems and then campaign against them.
Have you ever wondered, if both the Democrats and the Republicans are against deficits, WHY do we have deficits?
Have you ever wondered, if all the politicians are against inflation and high taxes, WHY do we have inflation and high taxes?
You and I don't propose a federal budget. The President does.
You and I don't have the Constitutional authority to vote on appropriations.
The House of Representatives does.
You and I don't write the tax code, Congress does.
You and I don't set fiscal policy, Congress does.
You and I don't control monetary policy, the Federal Reserve Bank does.
One hundred senators, 435 congressmen, one President, and nine Supreme Court justices equates to 545 human beings out of the 300 million are directly, legally, morally, and individually responsible for the domestic problems that plague this country.
I excluded the members of the Federal Reserve Board because that problem was created by the Congress. In 1913, Congress delegated its Constitutional duty to provide a sound currency to a federally chartered, but private, central bank.
I excluded all the special interests and lobbyists for a sound reason. They have no legal authority. They have no ability to coerce a senator, a congressman, or a President to do one cotton-picking thing. I don't care if they offer a politician $1 million dollars in cash.
The politician has the power to accept or reject it. No matter what the lobbyist promises, it is the legislator's responsibility to determine how he votes.
Those 545 human beings spend much of their energy convincing you that what they did is not their fault. They cooperate in this common con regardless of party.
What separates a politician from a normal human being is an excessive amount of gall. No normal human being would have the gall of a Speaker, who stood up and criticized the President for creating deficits. The President can only propose a budget. He cannot force the Congress to accept it.
The Constitution, which is the supreme law of the land, gives sole responsibility to the House of Representatives for originating and approving appropriations and taxes.
Who is the speaker of the House now? He is the leader of the majority party. He and fellow House members, not the President, can approve any budget they want. If the President vetoes it, they can pass it over his veto if they agree to.
It seems inconceivable to me that a nation of 300 million cannot replace 545 people who stand convicted -- by present facts -- of incompetence and irresponsibility. I can't think of a single domestic problem that is not traceable directly to those 545 people. When you fully grasp the plain truth that 545 people exercise the power of the federal government, then it must follow that what exists is what they want to exist.
If the tax code is unfair, it's because they want it unfair.
If the budget is in the red, it's because they want it in the red.
If the Army & Marines are in Iraq and Afghanistan it's because they want them in Iraq and Afghanistan ... If they do not receive social security but are on an elite retirement plan not available to the people, it's because they want it that way.
There are no insoluble government problems.
Do not let these 545 people shift the blame to bureaucrats, whom they hire and whose jobs they can abolish; to lobbyists, whose gifts and advice they can reject; to regulators, to whom they give the power to regulate and from whom they can take this power.
Above all, do not let them con you into the belief that there exists disembodied mystical forces like "the economy," "inflation," or "politics" that prevent them from doing what they take an oath to do.
Those 545 people, and they alone, are responsible.
They, and they alone, have the power. They, and they alone, should be held accountable by the people who are their bosses, provided the voters have the gumption to manage their own employees...
What in the heck happened? Can you spell 'politicians?'
. Item Number:1 Date: 09/21/2018 ARGENTINA - AIR FORCE RECEIVES ANOTHER MODERNIZED C-130 (SEP 21/FORECAST)  FORECAST INTERNATIONAL -- The Argentinean air force has received the third of five C-130 Hercules transport aircraft being upgraded under a program with U.S. firm L3, reports Forecast International (Conn.).   On Wednesday, Defense Minister Oscar Aguad unveiled the modernized aircraft, the first to be fully upgraded in Argentina, at El Palomar air base outside of Buenos Aires, reported the Voice of the Interior (Argentina).   The aircraft was modernized with a commercial off-the-shelf avionics package from L3, which includes a TCAS II TPA-100A traffic surveillance system; Mk VIII enhanced ground proximity terrain avoidance warning system; SSU flight data recorder; solid-state cockpit voice recorder; TRA-67A Mode S transponder system; Honeywell 460AF emergency locator transmitter; Teledyne air data computer; LTN-100G internal navigation system; ABH-6H radar altimeter; and a CALNAV ground mission-planning system.   The upgrades are expected to extend the service life of the fleet by 20 years.   The first C-130 was upgraded by L3 in the U.S. and delivered in March 2016. The second was handed over in June 2017. The last four aircraft are being modernized entirely in Argentina.   The two remaining aircraft are scheduled to be delivered next year
Item Number:2 Date: 09/21/2018 GERMANY - GOVERNMENT APPROVES SALE OF MILITARY EQUIPMENT TO MIDDLE EASTERN COUNTRIES (SEP 21/CNN)  CABLE NEWS NETWORK -- Germany has approved the delivery of weapons to Jordan, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, reversing a January ban on arms sales to countries involved in the war in Yemen, reports CNN.   The decision was announced earlier this week in a letter to legislators from German Economy Minister Peter Altmair.   Berlin has approved the supply of four artillery positioning systems for Saudi Arabia; 48 warheads and 91 naval missiles for the U.A.E.; and 385 anti-tank missiles for Jordan, the letter says.   Qatar, which halted operations in Yemen in 2017, has been approved for an armored howitzer, 170 air-to-air missiles and seven air defense missile systems.  
  Item Number:3 Date: 09/21/2018 INDIA - MILITANTS KIDNAP, KILL 3 POLICE OFFICERS IN KASHMIR (SEP 21/NDTV)  NDTV -- Three police officers have been abducted and killed in Indian-administered Kashmir, reports NDTV.   On Friday morning, militants abducted four officers from their homes in the Shopian district. One later escaped with the help of villagers, the home ministry said.   Their bodies were later found in a nearby orchard, reported the Press Trust of India.   All three were Special Police Officers (SPO), a specialized unit in Indian Kashmir.   The militant group Hizbul Mujahedin is believed responsible for the attack.   Earlier this week, the terrorist group warned police officers in Indian Kashmir to resign or be executed.   Six officers reportedly announced their resignations after the killings. The home ministry denied the reports.   There have been increased attacks on security personnel and their families in recent months in what has been described as an effort to demoralize them, noted the Hindustan Times
Item Number:4 Date: 09/21/2018 IRAN - FIGHTER, ATTACK JETS DRILL IN STRAITS OF HORMUZ (SEP 21/REU)  REUTERS -- The Iranian military has begun air exercises in the strategic Strait of Hormuz, reports Reuters.   On Friday, Mirage F1, F-4 and Su-22 jets from the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps and air force drilled in the in the narrow strait separating Oman from Iran, according to the Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA).   A military spokesman said the drills were a message of peace to friendly nations and warned of a "crushing blow" to enemies.   Additional exercises will be held on Saturday including large-scale naval maneuvers, said the military, as cited by Iran's semi-official Mehr news agency.  
Item Number:5 Date: 09/21/2018 IRAQ - CASUALTIES MOUNT IN BOMBINGS IN NORTH (SEP 21/AL GHAD)  AL GHAD PRESS -- There have been a series of bomb attacks in northern Iraq this week.   At least two people were killed and 14 injured on Tuesday, when a bus carrying police officers hit an improvised explosive device while traveling between Baghdad and Kirkuk, said a security source quoted by the Al Ghad Press.   A police officer and the bus driver were killed in the attack.   Meanwhile, five federal police officers were killed in a bomb blast that targeted their bus on Tuesday as they traveled in the Hawija district in the southern part of Kirkuk province, reported the Iraqi News. Several other officers were injured, said an unnamed source.   Also on Tuesday, west of Mosul, a bomb went off in the al-Ma'ash market, seriously injuring six civilians, provincial police said.   On Wednesday, one person was killed and seven injured in Kirkuk city when a bomb in a civilian vehicle exploded, reported the New Arab (London). The death toll could increase, security sources said.   The Islamic State remains active in the region and continues to launch attacks across Iraq, typically targeting security forces.   According to the U.N. Assistance Mission in Iraq (UNAMI), 90 Iraqi civilians were killed and 117 injured in acts of violence and terrorism in August
Item Number:6 Date: 09/21/2018 JAPAN - MILITARY EYES HYPERSONIC MISSILE FOR STRIKE MISSIONS (SEP 21/UPI)  UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL -- The Japanese government is seeking to develop hypersonic missiles to strengthen its defenses, reports United Press International.   Tokyo has allocated about US$57 million in the 2019 defense budget for the development of the weapons, reported the Kyodo news agency on Wednesday.   Plans call for building a prototype scramjet engine and developing technologies for burning jet fuel at high speeds and improving heat-resistant materials.   The decision comes amid increasing threats from North Korea and China. The missile will be used for the "defense of the island," said the defense ministry.   Japan is looking to develop a missile that can reach speeds of Mach 5 or higher and hit enemy bases.   Some officials have expressed concern that such capabilities violate the principles of the constitution.   Testing is scheduled to take place between 2023 and 2025.  
  Item Number:7 Date: 09/21/2018 LIBYA - FIGHTING CONTINUES IN TRIPOLI DESPITE CEASE-FIRE (SEP 21/AFP)  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- Nine people have been killed and 13 wounded in fighting between rival armed groups in Tripoli, the Libyan capital, reports Agence France-Presse.   Thursday's clashes between the Abu Salim Central Security (Ghneiwa) brigade and the Somoud brigade was concentrated in suburbs south of the city, where fighting has raged this week, reported the Libya Herald.   Violence has continued intermittently despite a cease-fire brokered by the U.N. Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL), which entered effect on Sept. 4. At least 63 people were killed in August and September before the deal went into effect.   Fourteen cease-fire violations were reported last week, said Ghassan Salame, the U.N. envoy to Libya.  
 SEEKS TO JOIN NATO BATTLEGROUP IN LATVIA (SEP 21/LSM)  LATVIAN PUBLIC MEDIA -- The Montenegrin military has announced plans to send troops to the NATO mission in Latvia, reports Latvian Public Radio.   On Tuesday, British army Gen. James Everard, the deputy supreme allied commander Europe, met with Latvian Defense Minister Raimonds Bergmanis and Lt. Gen. Leonids Kalnis, the defense chief, in Riga to discuss issues related to the NATO battlegroup.   Montenegro will soon be the ninth nation to join the NATO enhanced forward presence battlegroup in Latvia, Everard told journalists.   Further details, including the number of troops involved, have not been made public.   The Canadian-led battlegroup is based at the Adazi base near Riga as part of the alliance's reassurance mission to deter potential threats in the region.   The battlegroup has about 1,300 troops from Albania, Canada, the Czech Republic, Italy, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.   The NATO force has been deployed in Latvia since June 2017, noted the Latvian News Agency.  
 Item Number:9 Date: 09/21/2018 NETHERLANDS - DEFENSE MINISTER ELIMINATES BUDGET CAP FOR F-35 PROGRAM, PAVING WAY FOR ADDITIONAL JETS (SEP 21/DN)  DEFENSE NEWS -- The Dutch defense minister has eliminated the budget cap for the F-35 fighter jet program, allowing more aircraft to be bought, reports Defense News.   Dutch plans have not changed but the move provides the option to buy purchase additional fighters if the government so chooses, said a ministry spokesman.   Current plans call for acquiring 37 F-35s. The air force might be interested in buying as many as 67 of the jets, according to De Telegraaf (the Netherlands).   That would allow the air force to field four F-35 squadrons.   The Netherlands has already received two F-35 test aircraft and is scheduled to receive eight jets in 2019
Item Number:10 Date: 09/21/2018 NIGERIA - 2 SOLDIERS KILLED IN TRAINING ACCIDENT, ARMY SAYS (SEP 21/VANGUARD)  VANGUARD -- The Nigerian army says two soldiers have been killed during a training exercise in Nigeria's northwestern Borno state, reports the Vanguard (Lagos).   Chief of Army Staff Lt. Gen. Tukur Buratai has ordered an investigation into the incident, the army said in a statement on Wednesday.   The incident occurred during in-theater training by the 192 battalion, the army said.   Other sources said a staff sergeant killed another non-commissioned officer and then committed suicide, reported the Premium Times (Abaja). Three other soldiers and a member of the civilian joint task force were injured in the shooting, said unnamed military sources. No training was underway at the time of the shooting, the sources said.   Separately, the Nigerian Army Defense Headquarters released a statement indicating that the military is winning the fight against Boko Haram.   The statement followed a Reuters report on Wednesday that hundreds of soldiers had been killed in fighting with Islamist militants in recent weeks. Fatigued, poorly equipped troops had reached a breaking point, according to military and security forces.   The report is false and aimed to discredit the efforts of troops in the northeast, said Brig. Gen. John Agim, the acting director defense information.   The military has successfully neutralized hundreds of Boko Haram militants who have attempted to recapture cities in the northeast and will continue to use this strategy until the terrorists are completely eliminated, Agim said
Item Number:11 Date: 09/21/2018 THAILAND - AIR FORCE EXPANDS HELICOPTER FLEET (SEP 21/AIRBUSHEL)  AIRBUS HELICOPTERS -- The Royal Thai Air Force has ordered four more H225M multirole helicopters from France, reports the manufacturer, Airbus Helicopters.   The contract, announced on Thursday, includes on-site technical support and continuing airworthiness management organization services. The value was not disclosed.   The order will bring the service's fleet to 12 units by 2021.   The Thai M225Ms are optimized for combat search-and-rescue missions with emergency flotation gear, fast-roping, cargo sling, searchlight and electro-optical sensor systems.   Thailand has received six of eight H225Ms ordered in 2015. The last two aircraft from that order are due to be delivered by the end of the year.  
Item Number:12 Date: 09/21/2018 TURKEY - 85 SOLDIERS ARRESTED FOR ALLEGED GULEN LINKS (SEP 21/ANADOLU)  ANADOLU NEWS AGENCY -- Turkish police have arrested 85 soldiers for alleged links to a proscribed group, reports Turkey's Anadolu Agency.   Police carried out the arrests on Friday across 16 Turkish provinces, said prosecutors.   The arrests came after Turkish prosecutors issued 110 arrest warrants for links to Fetullah Gulen, an exiled Turkish cleric living in the U.S., who the government blames for a 2016 coup attempt. Ankara has declared the group to be a terrorist organization.   The soldiers were accused of periodically communicating with "covert imams" belonging to the organization.   Arrested were three colonels, two lieutenant colonels, six squadron leaders, three captains, eighteen first lieutenants, a second lieutenant and 77 sergeants. Five suspects were command pilots, prosecutors said.   Another 25 suspects were still being sought
Item Number:13 Date: 09/21/2018 UNITED KINGDOM - BRITISH, FRENCH JETS INTERCEPT RUSSIAN BOMBERS OVER NORTH SEA (SEP 21/FN)  FOX NEWS -- The British Royal Air Force (RAF) says it has intercepted two Russian Tu-160 bombers over the North Sea, reports Fox News.   On Thursday, British Typhoon fighter jets were scrambled from RAF Lossiemouth in Scotland after the Russian aircraft refused to communicate with air traffic control, reported CNN.   The Russian bombers flew off the coast of Newcastle but did not enter U.K. airspace, the military said in a statement.   A French Rafale fighter joined the intercept mission, reported Reuters.   The Russian bombers did not respond in a hostile manner once intercepted, said a French air force spokesman
Item Number:14 Date: 09/21/2018 USA - AIR FORCE NEEDS TO BOLSTER EXPEDITIONARY CAPABILITIES FOR FUTURE CONFLICTS, SAYS SERVICE CHIEF (SEP 21/WARZONE)  THE WAR ZONE -- The head of the U.S. Air Force has announced plans to update and expand doctrines and concepts of operation for expeditionary missions, reports the War Zone website.   Over the last two decades, the Air Force has drifted away from plans for an expeditionary force, which call for the service to be prepared to deploy to a region and quickly set up new bases, Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. David Goldfein said on Tuesday at the Air, Space and Cyber conference outside of Washington, D.C.   Senior military officials have warned that troops must be able to respond if an enemy has destroyed or otherwise rendered established facilities unusable in the opening stages of a major war.   The announcement comes as the military's primary focus shifts to potential high-end conflicts with adversaries such as Russia and China, who are expanding their options for rapidly attacking operational bases.   Distributed, expeditionary operations would force adversaries to spread their resources across more targets and may create opportunities to surprise the enemy by attack from unexpected locations.   The plan calls for building on concepts developed in 1998 and enhancing engineering; Rapid Engineer Deployable Heavy Operational Repair Squadron Engineer (RED HORSE) units; explosive ordnance disposal; rapidly deployable air traffic control systems; and other ground support functions.   The Air Combat Command has been experimenting with rapid deployment concepts, including the Rapid Raptor which consists of four F-22 Raptor stealth fighters and a C-17A Globemaster III cargo plane to support operations for at least 24 hours.   Air Force Special Operations Command has gained experience in rapidly identifying improved landing strips that can serve as limited, temporary bases
Item Number:15 Date: 09/21/2018 USA - CHINESE MILITARY RESEARCH ORGANIZATION HIT WITH SANCTIONS OVER RUSSIAN ARMS PURCHASES (SEP 21/HILL)  THE HILL -- The U.S. has imposed sanctions on a Chinese military research firm and its director for its purchase of Russian fighter jets and air defense missiles, reports the Hill (Washington, D.C.).   On Tuesday, the State Dept. announced the sanctions against the Equipment Development Dept. (EDD) and its director, Li Shangfu.   The sanctions were filed under the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA), which requires financial penalties for those who do significant business with the Russian military.   The sanctions relate to the purchase of Su-35 fighter jets and S-400 air defense systems in December 2017 and January 2018, respectively, reported the Wall Street Journal.   The Chinese and Russian governments condemned the move and warned that there could be unspecified consequences, reported Agence France-Presse.   This is the first instance of non-Russians being targeted for violating measures designed to punish the Kremlin.   Turkey, which is purchasing the S-400, could read this as a warning, said analysts.   Meanwhile, 30 Russian personnel, including the head of the GRU military intelligence agency, and three firms have been added to a State Dept. blacklist, reported the Guardian (U.K
Item Number:16 Date: 09/21/2018 USA - POMPEO TO CHAIR U.N. SECURITY COUNCIL MEETING ON N. KOREAN DENUCLEARIZATION (SEP 21/YON)  YONHAP -- U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo will chair a U.N. Security Council meeting next week on efforts to eliminate North Korea's nuclear program, reports the Yonhap news agency (Seoul).   The ministerial meeting, scheduled for Sept. 27 in New York, will allow Pompeo to update the council on efforts to obtain the verified denuclearization of North Korea, the State Dept. said on Tuesday.   Pompeo also plans to emphasize the need for all member states to enforce existing sanctions, said a department spokeswoman.   The U.N. has imposed several rounds of sanctions against North Korea in response to its missile launches and nuclear tests. Russia and China, two of the five permanent members of the council, have previously suggested easing the sanctions.

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