Wednesday, September 19, 2018

Fw: TheList 4815

The List 4815     TGB

To All,
I hope that your week has started well.
This day in Naval History
Sept. 18
1860—The sloop of war, USS Levant, sails from Hawaii for Panama. She is never seen again.  In June 1861 a mast and a part of a lower yardarm believed to be from USS Levant are found near Hilo. Spikes had been driven into the mast as if to a form a raft. Some rumors had her running aground on an uncharted reef off California; others had her defecting to the Confederacy.
1906—A Marine battalion from USS Dixie lands at Cienfuegos, Cuba to reinforce a party guarding American-owned plantations, where tensions are still high from the stalled revolution attempt from Sept. 13.
1936—Squadron 40-T, based in the Mediterranean, is established to protect U.S. interests and evacuate U.S. citizens around the Iberian Peninsula throughout the Spanish Civil War.
1941 - U.S. Navy ships escort eastbound British trans-Atlantic convoy for first time (Convoy HX-150). Although the U.S. Navy ships joined HX-150, which left port escorted by British ships on 16th, on night of 17 September, the official escort duty began on 18th.
1943—U.S. Navy aircraft perform aerial raids on the Tarawa Makin Islands, where the aerial photography taken proves to be fruitful for the oncoming invasion of the islands.
1947— Pursuant to provisions of the National Security Act of 1947 of the previous July 26, the Department of the Air Force is established.
1993—USS Gladiator (MCM 11) is commissioned at Naval Station Newport, RI. The 11th Avenger-class mine countermeasures ship is the third U.S. ship named Gladiator.
1993—USS Vella Gulf (CG 72) is commissioned. The guided-missile cruiser is the 26th in the Ticonderoga-class and the second Navy ship to be named after the famed Battle of Vella Gulf from the Solomons campaign of World War II.
2004—USS Chung Hoon (DDG 93) is commissioned. USS Chung Hoon is named in honor of Rear Adm. Gordon Pai'ea Chung-Hoon, first Asian-American Naval Academy graduate and first Asian-American flag officer. During World War II, he was in command of USS Sigsbee (DD 502) when a kamikaze crashed into her in April 1945.
2008—USNS Carl Brashear (T-AKE 7) is christened and launched at San Diego, CA. The dry cargo ship provides ammunition, food, repair, parts, stores and small quantities of fuel for the U.S. Marine Corps. The ship is named for Master Chief Carl Brashear, the first African American Master Diver in the U.S. Navy and the first amputee to be recertified as a diver after amputation.
2017—Hurricane Maria makes landfall with the Caribbean island of Dominica.  Joint Task Force-Leeward Islands (JTF-LI) was established to support relief efforts in St. Martin and Dominica as requested by the U.S. Agency for International Development's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA). JTF-LI with the USS Wasp (LHD 1) assisted with the evacuation of 2,073 American Citizens (AMCITs) from St. Martin and at least 178 AMCITs from Dominica. Additionally, the JTF-LI provided 83,020 gallons of potable water to St. Martin and assisted with distributing relief supplies to Dominica.
This day in Air Force History
Today, (September 18th 1947) America commemorates the  anniversary of the Air Force. Born of the revolutionary ideas of visionaries, America's Air Force was forged in 20th century combat. The occasion allows us to reflect on where we have been in a century of powered flight and five decades of space flight.
America's airmen survey the planet from airborne, space-based and cyber sensors. These airmen can cover the globe, watching, deterring and defeating enemies with speed, precision and lethality. They are equally capable of delivering humanitarian and disaster relief within hours to anyone in the world.
For the 21st century, we are again revolutionizing our Air Force by incorporating the lessons learned in a century of aerial warfare and by modernizing our force.
The nation requires an interdependent team of soldiers, sailors, airmen and Marines who can defeat a broad range of threats. Your Air Force will continue to be a vital and decisive element of that team – flying, fighting and winning.
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
Top national news includes continued reporting of Hurricane Florence's aftermath, the Trump administration's announcement of a 10% tariff later this month on $200 billion worth of Chinese goods, and coverage of the 70th Emmy Awards.  Stars and Stripes reports that the USS Ronald Reagan and 15,000 troops are participating in Valiant Shield on Guam and the Marianas Islands.  "The Marianas Island Range Complex is a premier training environment that allows the joint force a unique opportunity to come together and train side-by-side at the high end," said Rear Adm. Daniel Dwyer.  Navy Times reports that Sailors will be able to manage their careers on their mobile devices through a new "Detailing Marketplace" system, expected mid-2019.  Additionally, Navy Times reports that the HMS Queen Elizabeth has arrived in Naval Station Norfolk, where she will conduct her first fixed wing aircraft flight operations using the F-35B.

Today in History September 18
James Abercromby is replaced as supreme commander of British forces after his defeat by French commander the Marquis of Montcalm at Fort Ticonderoga during the French and Indian War.
Quebec surrenders to the British after a battle which sees the deaths of both James Wolfe and Louis Montcalm, the British and French commanders.
George Washington lays the foundation stone for the U.S. Capitol.
Tom Thumb, the first locomotive built in the United States, loses a nine-mile race in Maryland to a horse.
Congress passes the second Fugitive Slave Bill into law (the first was enacted in 1793), requiring the return of escaped slaves to their owners.
After waiting all day for a Union attack which never came at Antietam, Confederate General Robert E. Lee begins a retreat out of Maryland and back to Virginia.
Union cavalry troops clash with a group of Confederates at Chickamauga Creek.
The Nebraska Relief and Aid Society is formed to help farmers whose crops were destroyed by grasshoppers swarming throughout the American West.
Russian Premier Pyotr Stolypin dies four days after being shot at the Kiev opera house by socialist lawyer Dimitri Bogroff.
The Irish Home Rule Bill becomes law, but is delayed until after World War I.
Charles Lindbergh takes off on a 10,000 mile air tour of South America.
The League of Nations admits the Soviet Union.
A German U-boat sinks the British aircraft carrier Courageous, killing 500 people.
Margaret Chase Smith becomes the first woman elected to the Senate without completing another senator's term when she defeats Democratic opponent Adrian Scolten. Smith is also the only woman to be elected to and serve in both houses of Congress.
Two thousand cheer Fidel Castro's arrival in New York for the United Nations session.
UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold is killed in a plane crash while attempting to negotiate peace in the Congo.
U.S. destroyers fire on hostile targets in Vietnam.
East and West Germany and The Bahamas are admitted to United Nations.
Patty Hearst, granddaughter of newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst, is kidnapped by violent radical group SLA (Symbionese Liberation Army); she will later take part in some of the group's militant activities and will be captured by FBI agents.
Voyager I takes first photo of Earth and the Moon together.
Cosmonaut Arnaldo Tamayo, a Cuban, becomes the first black to be sent on a mission in space.
ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) is formed to coordinate unique identifying addresses for Websites worldwide.
The US television soap opera The Guiding Light broadcasts its final episode, ending a 72-year run that began on radio.
Thanks to MICRO, Marathon and others for keeping us straight!
Fw: President Trump Cancels Obama's Vacation Plans!Verified on Snopes? (well not really)
Turns out to be FALSE
Thanks to Ben  
    I'm with Teddy Roosevelt, "Walk softly but carry a big stick."
Moscow has no plans of aggression says Putin as he sees war games
Russia's defense ministry claims 300,000 troops and 36,000 vehicles will take part in Vostok 2018 Credit: Vadim Savitsky/POOL/TASS
By Alec Luhn in Moscow
RUSSIA is peace-loving but prepared to defend its national interests, Vladimir Putin has said during the country's largest military exercises since the Cold War.
Speaking to 30,000 Russian and Chinese troops lined up at the Tsugol training zone, east of Lake Baikal, the president said Russia sought co-operation with other countries.
At the same time, he stressed that the manoeuvres, called Vostok 2018 and said to include a third of Russia's active military personnel, were the first time the army and navy had undergone such a "complex and large-scale test".
"Russia is a peace-loving nation. We do not have and cannot have any plans of aggression," Mr Putin said.
"Our duty towards Russia, our motherland, is to be ready to stand up for its sovereignty, security and national interests, and support our allies if required," he added.
"For this reason, we are committed to further strengthening our armed forces and supplying them with the most up-to-date weapons and equipment, as well as promoting international co-operation."
Although troops were attacking an imaginary opponent, analysts have said the exercises are clearly designed to rehearse a potential conflict with the United States.
In a sign of its growing ties with Russia, China sent 3,000 soldiers, 900 vehicles and 30 aircraft to the exercises. Wei Fenghe, the Chinese defence minister, sat in the viewing booth with Mr Putin and the commander of Mongolia's military, which also sent troops.
Mr Putin thanked the personnel from China and Mongolia, noting that they had been allies with the Soviet Union during the Second World War.
"We share a long-standing tradition of brotherhood in arms," he said.
Vostok 2018 will last seven days across nine training zones in eastern Russia. According to defence ministry claims, 300,000 troops, 36,000 vehicles, 1,000 aircraft and 80 warships will take part, surpassing even the Zapad war games of 1981.
Mr Putin watched as paratroopers rappelled from helicopters, aircraft fired missiles and tanks thundered across the fields. Artillery fired more than 2,500 shells yesterday in a technique called the "wall of fire".
A nuclear, bacteriological and chemical weapons unit also took part in the exercises, according to the Kremlin. Shortly after the drills, the suspects in the Skripal case spoke on a state broadcast, denying that they deployed a Russian-made nerve agent in Salisbury.
With our Thanks to THE Bear hot and dark on the mountain at
Humble Host notes that by mid-September 1968 the "last days of Operation Rolling Thunder" had begun. The days of bombing north of the DMZ and south of the 19th Parallel had six weeks to run, unless of course, the President decided to wrap-up Rolling Thunder sooner. In addition, the Northeast Monsoon was on schedule and the weather was already causing cutbacks in the number of daily strike sorties into Route Packs I and II. The targeting was to shift to the other side of the the mountains and Steel Tiger. Road cuts instead of "the bridges of North Vietnam." Your Humble Host will press on with the best copy possible and a daily tribute to one or more warriors from the years of Rolling Thunder. And anybody out there with a Rolling Thunder DFC or war story you want added to the RTR archives let me have it and it will go into the archives for the date of the event.   
RTR Quote for 18 September: MAO TSE TUNG, Principle of Operation #7: "Strive to wipe out the enemy when he is on the move. At the same time, pay attention to the tactics of positional attack and capture the enemy fortified points and cities."…
Lest we forget…       Bear
China Massive Spy Plan On Its Citizens!
thanks to Hal and Dutch-  
When George Orwell published his novel, "1984" he had flipped the date of it's completion in 1948.  He was a British novelist born Eric Arthur Blair and saw the coming Socialism in his crystal ball. Perhaps it was his way of warning his countrymen of what their future might be.  Fortunately in the Free World, it didn't come to pass.  But now it seems that the Chinese Government is going to go far beyond his vision.  So 626,000,000 cameras will be watching 1, 400,000,000 people.  That is a camera for every two people.  And I thought I was closely watched in London.         Hal       (thanks to my friend Debra for this one)
By 2020 China will have 626 million surveillance cameras in place throughout its country.  The data from those cameras will create a 'social credit system' on every Chinese citizen.  Each citizen will lose a 'credit' if he or she commits an inhfraction such as jay walking; they will definitely lose credit if they are a dissident in any way.  If you lose enough credits, you will not be allowed to board a train or plane, your child will not be allowed to get into a private school, you won't even be allowed to buy property.  In short, displease the Chinese Communist Party and you suffer.  Toe the party line and you don't.  Big Brother's cameras will literally 'see' to that. 
China's 'Digital' Totalitarian Experiment
by Gordon G. Chang
September 12, 2018 at 5:00 am
China's "social credit" system, which will assign every person a constantly updated score based on observed behaviors, is designed to control conduct by giving the ruling Communist Party the ability to administer punishments and hand out rewards. The former deputy director of the State Council's development research center says the system should be administered so that "discredited people become bankrupt".
Officials prevented Liu Hu, a journalist, from taking a flight because he had a low score. According to the Communist Party-controlled Global Times, as of the end of April 2018, authorities had blocked individuals from taking 11.14 million flights and 4.25 million high-speed rail trips.
Chinese officials are using the lists for determining more than just access to planes and trains. "I can't buy property. My child can't go to a private school," Liu said. "You feel you're being controlled by the list all the time."
Chinese leaders have long been obsessed with what Jiang Zemin in 1995 called "informatization, automation, and intelligentization," and they are only getting started Given the capabilities they are amassing, they could, the argument goes, make defiance virtually impossible. The question now is whether the increasingly defiant Chinese people will accept President Xi's all-encompassing vision.
China's President Xi Jinping is not merely an authoritarian leader. He evidently believes the Party must have absolute control over society and he must have absolute control over the Party. He is taking China back to totalitarianism as he seeks Mao-like control over all aspects of society. (Photo by Lintao Zhang/Getty Images)
By 2020, Chinese officials plan to have about 626 million surveillance cameras operating throughout the country. Those cameras will, among other things, feed information into a national "social credit system."
That system, when it is in place in perhaps two years, will assign to every person in China a constantly updated score based on observed behaviors. For example, an instance of jaywalking, caught by one of those cameras, will result in a reduction in score.
Although officials might hope to reduce jaywalking, they seem to have far more sinister ambitions, such as ensuring conformity to Communist Party political demands. In short, the government looks as if it is determined to create what the Economist called "the world's first digital totalitarian state."
That social credit system, once perfected, will surely be extended to foreign companies and individuals.
At present, there are more than a dozen national blacklists, and about three dozen various localities have been operating experimental social credit scoring systems. Some of those systems have failed miserably. Others, such as the one in Rongcheng in Shandong province, have been considered successful.
In the Rongcheng system, each resident starts with 1,000 points, and, based upon their changing score, are ranked from A+++ to D. The system has affected behavior: incredibly for China, drivers stop for pedestrians at crosswalks.
Drivers stop at crosswalks because residents in that city have, as Foreign Policy reported, "embraced" the social credit system. Some like the system so much that they have set up micro social credit systems in schools, hospitals, and neighborhoods. Social credit systems obviously answer a need for what people in other societies take for granted.
Yet, can what works on a city level be extended across China? As technology advances and data banks are added, the small experimental programs and the national lists will eventually be merged into one countrywide system. The government has already begun to roll out its "Integrated Joint Operations Platform," which aggregates data from various sources such as cameras, identification checks, and "wifi sniffers."
So, what will the end product look like? "It will not be a unified platform where one can type in his or her ID and get a single three-digit score that will decide their lives," Foreign Policy says.
Despite the magazine's assurances, this type of system is precisely what Chinese officials say they want. After all, they tell us the purpose of the initiative is to "allow the trustworthy to roam everywhere under heaven while making it hard for the discredited to take a single step."
That description is not an exaggeration. Officials prevented Liu Hu, a journalist, from taking a flight because he had a low score. The Global Times, a tabloid that belongs to the Communist Party-owned People's Daily, reported that, as of the end of April 2018, authorities had blocked individuals from taking 11.14 million flights and 4.25 million high-speed rail trips.
Chinese officials, however, are using the lists for determining more than just access to planes and trains. "I can't buy property. My child can't go to a private school," Liu said. "You feel you're being controlled by the list all the time."
The system is designed to control conduct by giving the ruling Communist Party the ability to administer punishments and hand out rewards. And the system could end up being unforgiving. Hou Yunchun, a former deputy director of the State Council's development research center, said at a forum in Beijing in May that the social credit system should be administered so that "discredited people become bankrupt". "If we don't increase the cost of being discredited, we are encouraging discredited people to keep at it," Hou said. "That destroys the whole standard."
Not every official has such a vindictive attitude, but it appears that all share the assumption, as the dovish Zhi Zhenfeng of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences said, that "discredited people deserve legal consequences."
President Xi Jinping, the final and perhaps only arbiter in China, has made it clear how he feels about the availability of second chances. "Once untrustworthy, always restricted," the Chinese ruler says.
What happens, then, to a country where only the compliant are allowed to board a plane or be rewarded with discounts for government services? No one quite knows because never before has a government had the ability to constantly assess everyone and then enforce its will. The People's Republic has been more meticulous in keeping files and ranking residents than previous Chinese governments, and computing power and artificial intelligence are now giving China's officials extraordinary capabilities.
Beijing is almost certain to extend the social credit system, which has roots in attempts to control domestic enterprises, to foreign companies. Let us remember that Chinese leaders this year have taken on the world's travel industry by forcing hotel chains and airlines to show Taiwan as part of the People's Republic of China, so they have demonstrated determination to intimidate and punish. Once the social credit system is up and running, it would be a small step to include non-Chinese into that system, extending Xi's tech-fueled totalitarianism to the entire world.
The dominant narrative in the world's liberal democracies is that tech favors totalitarianism. It is certainly true that, unrestrained by privacy concerns, hardline regimes are better able to collect, analyze, and use data, which could provide a decisive edge in applying artificial intelligence A democratic government may be able to compile a no-fly list, but none could ever come close to implementing Xi Jinping's vision of a social credit system.
Chinese leaders have long been obsessed with what then-President Jiang Zemin in 1995 called "informatization, automation, and intelligentization," and they are only getting started. Given the capabilities they are amassing, they could, the argument goes, make defiance virtually impossible.
Technology might even make liberal democracy and free-markets "obsolete" writes Yuval Noah Harari of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in the Atlantic. "The main handicap of authoritarian regimes in the 20th century — the desire to concentrate all information and power in one place — may become their decisive advantage in the 21st century," he writes.
There is no question that technology empowers China's one-party state to repress people effectively. Exhibit A for this proposition is, of course, the country's social credit system.
Yet China's communists will probably overreach. The country's experience so far with social credit systems suggests that officials are their own worst enemies. An early experiment to build such a system in Suining county in Jiangsu province was a failure:
"Both residents and state media blasted it for its seemingly unfair and arbitrary criteria, with one state-run newspaper comparing the system to the 'good citizen' certificates issued by Japan during its wartime occupation of China."
The Rongcheng system has been more successful because its scope has been relatively modest.
Xi Jinping will not be as restrained as Rongcheng's officials. He evidently believes the Party must have absolute control over society and he must have absolute control over the Party. It is simply inconceivable that he will not include in the national social credit system, when it is stitched together, political criteria. Already Chinese officials are trying to use artificial intelligence to predict anti-Party behavior.
Xi Jinping is not merely an authoritarian leader, as it is often said. He is taking China back to totalitarianism as he seeks Mao-like control over all aspects of society.
The question now is whether the increasingly defiant Chinese people will accept Xi's all-encompassing vision. In recent months, many have taken to the streets: truck drivers striking over costs and fees, army veterans marching for pensions, investors blocking government offices to get money back from fraudsters, Muslims surrounding mosques to stop demolition, and parents protesting the scourge of adulterated vaccines, among others. Chinese leaders obviously think their social credit system will stop these and other expressions of discontent.
Let us hope that China's people are not in fact discouraged. Given the breadth of the Communist Party's ambitions, everyone, Chinese or not, has a stake in seeing that Beijing's digital totalitarianism fails.
Gordon G. Chang is the author of "The Coming Collapse of China" and a Gatestone Institute Distinguished Senior Fellow.
Follow Gordon G. Chang on Twitter
  Item Number:2 Date: 09/18/2018 BURKINA FASO - AT LEAST 8 DIE IN SEPARATE JIHADIST ATTACKS (SEP 18/NATIONAL)  THE NATIONAL -- At least eight people have been killed in a pair of attacks in eastern Burkina Faso, reports the National (United Arab Emirates).   On Saturday, suspected Islamic militants carried out the attacks in Kompienga province, said local officials.   Five people, including an imam, were killed in an attack on a mosque in Diabiga.   Another three people were killed and two injured in a second attack by militants on mopeds in Kompienbiga.   Violence has increased in the country's eastern region where militants use the forests as hideouts. Terrorist attacks have previously targeted security forces.   The recent increase in attacks has been attributed to counterterror operations in neighboring Mali and Niger that have pushed militants into Burkina Faso
  Item Number:4 Date: 09/18/2018 CHINA - INTEL SHIP MONITORED RUSSIAN WARSHIPS DURING VOSTOK DRILLS (SEP 18/USNIN)  USNI NEWS -- China sent an uninvited intelligence ship to shadow Russia's large-scale Vostok 2018 military exercises, reports USNI News.   A Dongdiao-class intelligence ship followed Russian naval vessels during the at-sea component of the drills, a U.S. official told the website.   About 3,500 Chinese troops participated in the ground component of the exercises. It was not clear if Russia invited the Chinese navy to take part in the drills.   In 2014, an uninvited Chinese intelligence ship shadowed the U.S.-led Rim of the Pacific exercise in Hawaii.  
 Item Number:5 Date: 09/18/2018 ETHIOPIA - AIR FORCE HITS AL-SHABAAB MILITANTS IN SOMALIA (SEP 18/GAROWE)  GAROWE ONLINE -- The Ethiopian air force says it has killed dozens of militants in an airstrike in Somalia, reports Garowe Online (Somalia).   The airstrike defeated a planned attack by Al-Shabaab militants on the Ethiopian contingent of the African Union Mission in Somalia (ANISOM), said Brig. Gen. Yilma Merdassa, the air force chief.   Some 70 militants and two vehicles carrying weapons were destroyed in the strike, the air force said.   No details on the location and date of the strike were provided.   Ethiopia has been contributing troops to ANISOM since 2007. The mission supports Somali government forces in the fight against Al-Shabaab.  
Item Number:10 Date: 09/18/2018 NORTH KOREA - MOON ARRIVES IN PYONGYANG FOR 3RD ROUND OF TALKS (SEP 18/REU)  REUTERS -- South Korean President Moon Jae In has arrived in Pyongyang for a three-day visit aimed at reviving negotiations with the U.S., reports Reuters.   On Tuesday, Moon met with Kim Yong Chol, the vice chairman of the ruling Workers' Party of Korea, and Kim Yo Jong, the sister of Kim Jong Un.   This is the third summit between Moon and North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un in 2018. It is the president's first visit to the North Korean capital and the first by a South Korean leader in a decade, noted BBC News.   The South Korean president is hoping to negotiate a deal that includes a plan for North Korean denuclearization and an official end to the Korean War.   Moon is accompanied by several South Korean business tycoons but South Korean officials said they did not expect any specific projects to be announced.   Further talks are planned for Wednesday followed by the issuing of a joint statement and the signing of a military agreement designed to reduce tensions and prevent clashes.  
  Item Number:12 Date: 09/18/2018 SYRIA - RUSSIAN PATROL AIRCRAFT ACCIDENTLY SHOT DOWN (SEP 18/CNN)  CABLE NEWS NETWORK -- Syrian air defenses have inadvertently downed a Russian military aircraft off the coast of Syria, reports CNN.   The Il-20 was shot down late Monday over the Mediterranean Sea, 21 miles (35 km) from the Syrian coast, said Russian officials, as reported by Al Jazeera (Qatar). It was preparing to land at Hmeimim air base, where Russia maintains an air contingent.   All 15 Russian personnel onboard the aircraft were killed.   Syrian air-aircraft artillery batteries fired on the aircraft during airstrikes in the area by Israeli F-16 fighter jets, Russian officials told state news agency RIA-Novosti.   Russian officials said they received a warning only 1 minute before the Israeli attack.   The Israeli strike targeted installations around the eastern city of Latakia, reported the state-run Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA), as cited by BBC. Syrian air defenses intercepted an unknown number of missiles, said Syrian officials.   Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu told Israeli Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman that Russia holds Israel responsible for the loss of the aircraft, reported Reuters.   Israel issued its own statement blaming the Assad regime for the incident.  

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