Tuesday, August 14, 2018

TheList 4789

The List 4789TGB

To All,
I hope that your week has started well.
This day in Naval History
Aug. 14
1813—In the early morning, the brig USS Argus, commanded by William H. Allen, battles HMS Pelican, off England's coast. During battle, Allen's right leg is shot off, but he remains on station until fainting. As Pelican's men board, USS Argus strikes her colors. Allen died four days later.
1886—The Secretary of the Navy William C. Whitney signs General Order 354 establishing the Naval Gun Factory at the Washington Navy Yard, Washington, D.C.
1941—President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston S. Churchill agree to the Atlantic Charter at Argentia Bay, Newfoundland.
1945—USS Spikefish (SS 404) sink the Japanese submarine (I 373), in the Sea of Japan. Also on this date, USS Torsk (SS 423) sinks Coast Defense Vessel (No.13), and Coast Defense Vessel No.47.
1945—The Japanese accept the terms of the Potsdam Declaration and agree to surrender, ending World War II. It is known as V-J Day! Announcing the news to the country in the evening, President Harry S. Truman proclaims a two-day holiday. Explosive celebrations immediately follow as Americans and their Allies rejoice that World War II is finally over.
Executive Summary:
In national news today, headlines are dominated by reports that British authorities responded to the Houses of Parliament today after a car slammed into pedestrians and protective barriers in what is being eyed as a possible terror attack, continued reporting on former White House aide Omarosa Manigault Newman's memoir and her releasing a recording of her firing, and reports that the largest fire in California history turned deadly on Monday as a firefighter tending the blaze was killed. Secretary of the Navy Richard Spencer on his visit to Alaska said the military would need to build infrastructure for a stronger Navy presence in the Arctic, to keep up with China and Russia's growing presence there, KTUU reports.  The Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer USS Carney (DDG 64) entered the Black Sea on August 12 in order to conduct maritime security operations and enhance capability and interoperability with allies and partners in the region. PANAMAX 2018, which is focused on ensuring the defense of the Panama Canal and is one of the largest coalition Command Post exercises in the world, concluded on Aug. 10. USNI News reports that Huntington Ingalls Industries was awarded $187.5 million advance planning contract for the upcoming refueling and complex overhaul of the USS John C. Stennis. Additionally, the Wall Street Journal reports that President Trump signed the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act on Monday.

Today in History August 14

The first book ever printed is published by a German astrologer named Faust. He is thrown in jail while trying to sell books in Paris. Authorities concluded that all the identical books meant Faust had dealt with the devil.

Spanish explorer Tristan de Luna enters Pensacola Bay, Florida.

The Popham expedition reaches the Sagadahoc River in present-day Maine and settles there.

French commander Louis Montcalm takes Fort Oswego, New England, from the British.

Republican troops in France lay siege to the city of Lyons.

The European allies enter Beijing, relieving their besieged legations from the Chinese Boxers.

The Chinese Parliament declares war on the Central Powers.

Dwight D. Eisenhower is named the Anglo-American commander for Operation Torch, the invasion of North Africa.


Pakistan becomes an independent country.

British troops arrived Northern Ireland in response to sectarian violence between Protestants and Roman Catholics.

The United States ends the "secret" bombing of Cambodia.

Mark McGwire hits his 49th home run of the season, setting the major league home run record for a rookie.

Shannon Faulker becomes the first female cadet in the long history of South Carolina's state military college, The Citadel. Her presence is met with intense resistance, reportedly including death threats, and she will leave the school a week later.

Four coordinated suicide bomb attacks in Yazidi towns near Mosul, Iraq, kill more than 400 people.

First-ever Summer Youth Olympic Games open, in Singapore. Athletes must be 14–18 years old.
Thanks to Ed
RemembereSky - On Land, on Sea, in the Air - Guadalcanal 8
1942- The Year of the Aircraft Carrier; Part 9 – Guadalcanal Introduction
On Land, on Sea, in the Air - Guadalcanal
As the series on Carrier Warfare in 1942 continues, one must note just how hard this all turned out to be at Guadalcanal for both sides. The most striking thing about this is the virtual equality of the results — 24 ships on each side, with comparable tonnage. There were 5,041 U.S. Navy sailors killed in action in the campaign, compared to 1,592 U.S. Marines and soldiers.
However, the meaning of this was very different for each side.
As the series continues with discussion of the Guadalcanal campaign and the last carrier battles before the final CV battle – the Marianas Turkey Shoot at the Philippine Sea in 1944 – it is worth highlighting how much the rough parity of carrier forces of the two sides contributed to the protracted nature of the overall bloody struggle for the island.

Boris sends
Thanks to Micro
Thought you would love this.
Navy clarifies the difference between RUMINT, scuttlebutt and gouge
Sailors of the USS Bulkeley (DDG-84) understand what kind of information they're spreading, since a new Navy instruction was issued today. (Source: U.S. Navy)
ON AUGUST 12, 2018
WASHINGTON — The Chief of Naval Operations today published a long-awaited instruction clarifying the difference between rumor intelligence, scuttlebutt and gouge.
OPNAV Instruction 9710894.666, Understanding and Disseminating RUMINT, Scuttlebutt and Gouge, was released to wide acclaim by previously-confused seamen and uncomprehending junior officers. The instruction is designed to improve performance and morale by helping the Navy develop a Common Gouge Picture, instead of its current standard of allowing E-4s and O-2s fleet-wide to dictate what disconnected crap the CNO is reading in his office every morning.  
According to the instruction, RUMINT is "single-source information strictly intended for the purpose of sowing discontent, or for allowing that one seaman to act like she's totally in the know."
As an example, the instruction cites RUMINT spread by a yeoman in Yemen that a frigate would be stationed at the North Pole since all the ice melted there. This caused well-meaning sailors worldwide to request transfers in order to help save drowning polar bears plus take nude selfies at the top of the world.
Scuttlebutt, on the other hand, is now codified as "RUMINT that has been restated by three or more sailors, one of whom must be at least a petty officer first class." The recent scuttlebutt that the 2019 JADE HELM exercise would overthrow the Trump administration is considered an excellent example, while also serving as an example of "gouge," officials said.
Gouge, the instruction says, is considered to be "scuttlebutt that is fact, such as news that the Pacific Fleet was known to be in trouble as early as 2015. In order to become gouge, scuttlebutt must be restated by at least one chief petty officer, three lieutenant commanders, and one captain who isn't connected to the Fat Leonard scandal and who never crashed a ship in the middle of the Pacific Ocean.
With this instruction, sailors now know that the RUMINT about sending SEALs to fight California forest fires with overwhelming firepower is false. They also know that the scuttlebutt about sailors being allowed to wear man-buns is true. And finally, everyone in the nation's sea service has the gouge about the Pacific Fleet, so try not to get transferred there for your own safety.
At press time, the Navy's Office of Information said it would soon publish an instruction clarifying the difference between a captain's mast, an old-school keelhauling, and being assigned to Norfolk, Va.
Thanks to a bunch of you
The reason that the American Navy does so well in wartime, is that war is chaos, and the Americans practice chaos on a daily basis." -- Grossadmiral Karl Donitz, Kriegsmarine
Marines at Work
Thanks to Dutch R…..grew up on Air Force bases and This was always my favorite airplane.
F-86 Sabre Jet - She's A Beauty...
in case you've not seen it - 
thanks to ted - .
Commander Frank Borman's F-86 Sabre Jet -
thanks to THE Bear -  
Shadow... In response to your invitation to comment on the duty to stand up and get counted when you see a train wreck a-comin'... The rules are simple... (1) you are always in a chain of command—- use it, respect it. End runs are high risk and frequently fatal. Go outside the CofC at your own risk... (2) your boss's door is always open—use it... he awaits your inputs, contributions... he needs them to get the most out of his opportunity to command... in effect, your job is to get him promoted... loyalty up and down... (3) do your homework before you take your alternate view of what you think doesn't make sense to your boss and the chain of command...ranting and raving is self-destructive —career limiting no doubt... (4) challenging the order of things is never wrong if you follow 1,2 and 3. ... where your cheese gets binding is after you adhere to this course and  you conclude your way and say has had no impact, has fallen on deaf ears....what now? The course is clear: salute smartly, say aye, aye sir and support the decision 100%.... or... resign and take your crusade outside the rigid military order... This applies at every level of the military hierarchy, including the 3 & 4 Stars... 
When I was air strike plans on the CTF-77 staff at Yankee Station (1970-1971) the 3-Star was Fred Bardshar and he was on track for greater glory. That is, until he took on CNO Elmo Zumwalt. Bardshar took on every one of Zumwalt's Z-grams that didn't make sense., among other initiatives adversely effecting carrier aviation. Unable to alter the Zumwalt purge of the Naval Aviation he chose to leave the Navy... If he had said yes, sir a few more times he would have had his 4th Star and a CinC something job...and a lesser opinion of himself... to thine own self be true...
Over the years I survived in this system by being heard and listened to by many commanding officers and admirals and civilian bosses then living with their decisions. I took out much of my frustration by writing essays for Proceedings and other military journals. I gave a few hundred speeches and got my thoughts and ideas into the public domain often enough that I never felt muzzled or so frustrated that I wanted to tell my boss and the Navy to take the job and shove it. Along the way I did get a several wire brushings (including one from SecNav Garrett and another from CinCPAC Admiral Foley)...
Resigning in protest is of little note and has the half life of a fart. Gone with the wind. Perhaps a whole covey of heavies coordinating a group march out would get some attention. The last time this was tried —in the late 1940s Admiral's Revolt???— results were scant.... a couple days on page one and within a week, a little box at the bottom of page 56... did save attack carriers though...
As for the opportunity in 1967-68 for the Joint Chiefs to walk out en masse... I believe they all regret going along to get along... The Army Chief of Staff General Harold K. Johnson went on record in his last days as saying  not doing more to turn the Vietnam ship was the greatest regret of his life.. if the whole group had walked it might have made a difference...
Resigning in protest is however good for the soul... I quit a year before mandatory retirement stating my disgust with the Secretary of Defense and the sustained cuts in the Navy/MC Aircraft Procurement accounts of more than $4-billion/yr... of course, I recognized that I was not going to survive very much longer due to my inability and unwillingness to adjust to the emerging politically correct initiatives that were reducing our armed forces to a shadow of it's old self military... 
And that's the way it is ... BearπŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ⚓️πŸ»πŸ‘
Rolling Thunder Remembered 2 March 1965 - Operation Rolling Thunder - 1 November 1968
Item Number:1 Date: 08/14/2018 AFGHANISTAN - SCORES DIE IN FIERCE FIGHTING IN GHAZNI (AUG 14/NBC)  NBC NEWS -- The Taliban has made a concentrated attack on Ghazni in eastern Afghanistan, with fighting continuing through Monday, reports NBC News.   The militant group launched the attack on Friday, hiding in homes and mosques and using civilians as human shields to slow military operations.   About 100 Afghan security forces and 30 civilians had been killed, Defense Minister Tariq Shah Bahrami said on Monday. Around 194 insurgents, including 12 commanders, were reportedly killed.   Some 1,000 Afghan security forces were deployed to the city over the weekend to join the fight.   The U.S. military has deployed senior advisers to aid Afghan forces. U.S. forces have conducted 24 airstrikes in the city since Friday, including 16 on Sunday, said a spokesman for U.S. Forces Afghanistan.   The Taliban has not taken a major center since overrunning Kunduz in the north in 2015.   At the same time, the Taliban has seized most of the rural areas of Ghazni province while fighting for the city continues, reported the New York Times on Monday. The militant group captured four more districts mostly without a fight and has strengthened its control over others as local government officials fled.   By Monday, only two of Ghazni province's 18 rural districts were completely under government control.  
  Item Number:2 Date: 08/14/2018 BURKINA FASO - ROADSIDE BOMB KILLS 6 IN EAST (AUG 14/XIN)  XINHUA -- Five security personnel and a civilian have been killed in a roadside bombing in eastern Burkina Faso, reports Xinhua, China's state news agency.   The gendarmes were en route to a gold mine on Saturday when their vehicle struck an improvised explosive device (IED) in Gourma province, said a government release.   The troops were escorting miners to their worksite, reported local media.   No group immediately claimed responsibility for the attack.   The eastern region has seen an increase in violence as Islamic State militants, who received extremist training in northern Mali, return to the area, said Gourma Gov. Ousmane Traore.   Militants have been targeting strategic points such as army headquarters and embassies, reported Agence France-Presse
Item Number:4 Date: 08/14/2018 DEM REP OF CONGO - UGANDA-BASED REBEL GROUP BLAMED FOR ATTACK NEAR BENI (AUG 14/NITO)  NIGERIA TODAY -- Seven civilians have been killed in a stabbing attack in northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), reports Today.ng (Nigeria).   On Friday, Ugandan Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) rebels circumvented army positions and entered Mayi-Moya in North Kivu province, about 25 miles (40 km) from the city of Beni, said an army spokesman.   Residents, fearing more attacks, have begun leaving the region in search of safer locations, said local authorities. The exodus is hindering the efforts of health workers to contain the most recent outbreak of Ebola, which has already claimed 11 lives.   The ADF has been active in the country since 1995, noted Agence France-Presse. According to Congolese authorities and the U.N. Mission in the DRC, the group has been responsible for the deaths of several hundred civilians since 2014
  Item Number:5 Date: 08/14/2018 EGYPT - SECURITY FORCES KILL 12 IN LATEST SINAI RAID (AUG 14/EGYPTTODAY)  EGYPT TODAY -- At least 12 suspected terrorists have been killed in an operation by Egyptian forces in North Sinai, reports Egypt Today.   Security forces raided a secured plot of land used by militants as a hideout in Arish in the Malalha district on Sunday.   Four automatic rifles, a cartridge, ammunition and two explosive devices were recovered.   Any casualties among the security forces were not reported.   Meanwhile, six suspected terrorists were killed in a raid in 6th of October City outside Cairo, reported the Egypt Independent. The terrorist cell was reportedly planning a series of attacks against critical infrastructure, churches and security forces
Item Number:6 Date: 08/14/2018 ETHIOPIA - NEARLY 40 DIE IN PARAMILITARY ASSAULT IN EAST (AUG 14/ANO)  AFRICA NEWS ONLINE -- At least 37 people have been killed by paramilitaries in eastern Ethiopia, reports Africa News.   On Sunday and Monday, the Liyu police, a paramilitary force in Ethiopia's Somali region, conducted at least three attacks in neighboring Oromia state, government officials told the Addis Standard said on Monday.   Many of the victims of the attack were women and children, the newspaper said. More than 44 people were injured in the attacks.   The reasons for the attack were not immediately clear.   Somali region President Abdi Mohamoud Omar resigned on Aug. 6 following ethnic violence that killed at least 29 people, the Voice of America News reported at the time.   The Liyu police have been implicated in human-rights violations within the Somali region against accused militants and sympathizers   Ethnically motivated fighting is common in the region. The Liyu police have been blamed for the cross-border attacks, while Oromia militias have been accused of retaliatory attacks in the Somali region
  Item Number:7 Date: 08/14/2018 INDONESIA - POLICE ARREST 16 SUSPECTED OF BELONGING TO ISIS-LINKED GROUP (AUG 14/BEN)  BENAR -- Indonesian counterterrorism police say they have arrested 16 suspected militants across the country, reports the Benar news agency (Philippines).   Officers from the Densus 88 unit arrested five suspected members of Jamaah Ansharut Daulah (JAD) on Sunday in West Sumatra province, said the provincial police spokesman.   JAD is a militant group linked to ISIS that has been blamed for a series of deadly terror attacks across Indonesia. An Indonesian court declared the group illegal last month.   Two guns were seized in the raid, the spokesman said.   Counterterror police also arrested a suspected member of the East Indonesia Mujahideen (MIT) network in South Sulawesi on Monday, said a police spokesman.   Two other suspects from the same group were arrested a week earlier, with 33 pounds (15 kg) of explosives in their possession.   Officers from Densus 88 also arrested six suspected JAD members on Sumatra island, said a local official.   Once tolerated, JAD was banned after a series of coordinated terror attacks in May that killed 14 people.   One attack was carried by a single family, who launched three suicide attacks on churches and security officials
Item Number:8 Date: 08/14/2018 IRAN - MILITARY REVEALS LATEST SHORT-RANGE BALLISTIC MISSILE (AUG 14/FARS)  FARS NEWS AGENCY -- The Iranian military has unveiled a new domestically developed short-range ballistic missile with precision guidance, reports the semi-official Fars news agency.   Defense Minister Brig. Gen. Amir Hatami showcased the Fateh-e Mobin (Bright Conqueror) missile during a ceremony in Tehran on Monday.   The Fateh-e Mobin missile is an agile, radar-evading missile with pinpoint accuracy, officials said. It has a range of 186-310 miles (300-500 km) and is capable of penetrating missile defense systems.   The latest version of Iran's family of Fateh ballistic missiles has reportedly been test-fired successfully, reported Defense News.   In March 2017, two Fateh missiles were fired in separate tests at a floating barge target 96 miles (155 km) from the Bandar-e-Jask base in southeastern Iran. One of the missiles struck the target.   Earlier this month, the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps launched an anti-ship variant of the Fateh-100 Mod 3 missile from Bandar-e-Jask. The missile flew more than 100 miles (160 km) over the Strait of Hormuz to a test range in the desert, reported Fox News.  
  Item Number:10 Date: 08/14/2018 PAKISTAN - 3 OFFICERS KILLED IN MILITANT ATTACK ON POLICE STATION (AUG 14/EXPTRIB)  EXPRESS TRIBUNE -- Three police officers have been killed and two injured in an attack in northern Pakistan, reports the Express Tribune (Pakistan).   At least seven militants attacked a police station in the Kargah area of Gilgit-Baltistan on Saturday morning.   A senior commander of an Afghan-based militant group was killed and another injured in the clash, said an official. Geo News (Pakistan) reported that two militants were killed.   A heavy contingent of police was deployed to the region and a search operation was launched, said Inspector General of Police for Gilgit-Baltistan Sanaullah Abbasi. At least four suspects were arrested.   Separately, at least six people, including three Chinese engineers, were injured in a suicide bombing in the Dalbandin region of southwestern Pakistan on Saturday, reported the Voice of America News.  
  Item Number:11 Date: 08/14/2018 SYRIA - AIR DEFENSES DOWN UAVS LAUNCHED TOWARD HMEIMIM AIRBASE (AUG 14/TASS)  TASS -- Russian military officials say air defense forces have destroyed five unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) launched at a Russian military base in Syria, reports Russia's Tass news agency.   The UAVs were launched by militants from the Idlib de-escalation zone over a period of several days, the Russian group responsible for monitoring violence in Syria said on Monday.   The air defenses at Hmeimim airbase in Latakia province shot down the aircraft at a safe distance, the group said.   There were no reports of casualties, damage or a change in operations.  
  Item Number:12 Date: 08/14/2018 UNITED KINGDOM - POLICE SUSPECT TERROR LINK IN VEHICLE ATTACK NEAR PARLIAMENT (AUG 14/BBC)  BRITISH BROADCASTING CORP. -- British officials say they believe an attack outside of Parliament was deliberate and are investigating it as a possible terror attack, reports BBC News.   At least three people were injured when a car swerved into the wrong lane and crashed at high speed into the barricades outside of Westminster on Tuesday, witnesses said.   Officials said the injuries were not life-threatening and one person has been released from the hospital.   Police took the driver into custody and are questioning him for potential terror links.   Investigators are working to identify the suspect, who is not cooperating, said police officials.   The suspect, reportedly from Birmingham, was not known to the MI5 domestic intelligence service or counterterrorism police but was known to other authorities.   Police cordoned off the area around Parliament and deployed additional officers and bomb-sniffing dogs.   If a terror link is confirmed, this would be the fourth vehicle-based terror attack in the city in less than 18 months, noted USA Today.  
  Item Number:13 Date: 08/14/2018 UNITED NATIONS - TENS OF THOUSANDS OF ISIS FIGHTERS REMAIN IN IRAQ, SYRIA, SAYS U.N. REPORT (AUG 14/ALJAZ)  AL JAZEERA -- Between 20,000 and 30,000 members of the Islamic State terrorist group (ISIS) remain in Iraq and Syria despite significant territorial losses, according to a U.N. report cited by Al Jazeera (Qatar).   An additional 3,000 to 4,000 ISIS fighters are based in Libya and some 3,500 to 4,500 in Afghanistan, according to the report published on Monday. The latter numbers are growing.   The number of fighters in Syria and Iraq are roughly equal, said monitors cited in the report.   Foreign fighters who traveled from other countries to join the terror group remain in the thousands. Fewer than anticipated have been leaving the group, says the study. Flows to the group have essentially ceased.   ISIS finances are also being consumed, with an estimated reserves "in the low hundreds of millions" of dollars.   The report raises questions about the ability of security forces to eliminate the terror group's remaining members through battlefield victories, said analysts.   The group reached its peak between 2014 and 2016, controlling much of the territory of the two Middle Eastern countries. The group has been largely defeated since late 2017.   Many ISIS members remain in isolated pockets far outside of state control or have reverted to guerilla tactics including roadside bombings and hit-and-run attacks
Item Number:14 Date: 08/14/2018 USA - AIR FORCE SEEKS TO DEVELOP PROTECTION AGAINST DIRECTED ENERGY THREATS (AUG 14/DOD)  DEPT. OF DEFENSE -- The U.S. Air Force has awarded UES Inc., Dayton, Ohio, a contract for research and development for the Flash and Laser Airborne Protection System program, reports the Dept. of Defense.   The $49 million deal, announced on Aug. 10, is for exploratory and advanced research and development of materials and technologies to control, manipulate and protect against photonic energy.   Research into the processing, structure, properties and performance of photonic materials will support existing and future products needed by the Air Force.   The goal of the project is to reduce aircrew vulnerability to flash-blindness and directed energy threats, said a Pentagon release.   Work under the contract is scheduled to be completed by Nov. 10, 2024.  
  Item Number:15 Date: 08/14/2018 USA - TESTING CONTINUES FOR AIRBORNE MINE NEUTRALIZATION SYSTEM (AUG 14/WARMAV)  WARRIOR MAVEN -- The U.S. Navy is currently testing the Airborne Mine Neutralization System ahead of its planned deployment with littoral combat ships and other surface ships, reports the Warrior Maven website.   The AMNS, which employs the Archerfish mine-disposal system, is designed to decrease the exposure of surface ships, including carrier strike groups, expeditionary strike groups and amphibious warfare vessels to mine threats while traversing littoral zones, confined straits and chokepoints.   The system consists of a load-handling system (LHS) aboard an MH-60S helicopter carrying up to four destructors, which are equipped with a sonar system, video camera and light to confirm suspected enemy mines.   The LHS, which links the destructors and a common console in the helicopter, receives surveillance information from a range of different Navy systems before it reconfirms the target, lowers the destructor and destroys the mine
Item Number:16 Date: 08/14/2018 USA - TRUMP SIGNS $716 BILLION DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION BILL AT FORT DRUM (AUG 14/WSJ)  WALL STREET JOURNAL -- President Donald Trump has signed the 2019 National Defense Authorization Act, authorizing new spending and troop levels for the coming fiscal year, reports the Wall Street Journal.   The $716 billion authorizations covers increased troop levels and increased efforts to counter growing Chinese influence, Trump said on Monday as he signed the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act at Fort Drum, N.Y.   The Senate approved the legislation with broad bipartisan support on Aug. 1.   The 2019 NDAA authorizes extensive funding for new shipbuilding, including $24.1 billion for 13 ships and a measure providing for an additional Gerlad R. Ford-class carrier, reports USNI News.   The authorization also opens up the possibility of adding two Block V Virginia-class attack submarines to the potential purchase of 10 Virginia-class subs and funds the purchase of 20 F-35B short-takeoff-and-vertical-landing fighter jets and nine F-35C carrier jets.   The bill authorizes full funding for the new B-21 Raider stealth bomber, 135 M1 Abrams tanks, 60 Bradley infantry fighting vehicles and new Apache attack and Black Hawk utility helicopters for the Army National Guard, reported Military.com   The NDAA authorizes a 2.6 percent pay raise for troops, one of the largest increases in years, reported the Stars and Stripes.   Congress also agreed to a request by the Trump administration to add 15,000 active-duty servicemembers.   The legislation bars China from participating in future Rim of the Pacific naval exercises without a waiver from the secretary of defense. The further sale of F-35s to Turkey and flyovers of U.S. airspace by Russian planes under the Open Sky treaty will also be suspended, noted Russia's Sputnik news agency.   In order to fund the proposals in the law, the Senate will have to pass an appropriations measure. The House of Representatives has passed a funding bill but the Senate, which returns from recess on Wednesday, has not voted on the matter.

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