Thursday, August 2, 2018

Fw: TheList 4781

The List 4781     TGB

To All,
I hope that you all are having a great week.
This day in Naval History
Aug. 2
1865—CSS Shenandoah, commanded by James I. Waddell, encounters the British merchant bark, Barracouta, in the Pacific Ocean and receives the first firm report the Civil War ended in April with the defeat of the Confederacy. Shenandoah rounds Cape Horn in mid-September and arrives at Liverpool in early November, becoming the only Confederate Navy ship to circumnavigate the globe. There she hauls down the Confederate ensign and turns over to the Royal Navy.
1916: The AB-3 flying boat, piloted by Lt. Godfrey de Chevalier, is catapulted from USS North Carolina (ACR 12) while underway in Pensacola Bay, Fla. The launch completes calibration of the first catapult designed for shipboard use.
1943 - Naval task groups bombard Japanese forces on Kiska, Alaska
1943— (PT 109), commanded by Lt. j.g. John F. Kennedy, is rammed by the Japanese destroyer, Amagiri, which cuts through the vessel at Blackett Strait near Kolombangara Island. Abandoning ship, Kennedy leads his men to swim to an island some miles away. With the aid of a Coastwatcher and local residents, they return to Rendova PT base on Aug. 8.
1944—While in action with the German submarine (U 804), USS Fiske (DE 143) is torpedoed mid-ship, breaks in two and sinks. Thirty of her crew members are lost with her.
1964—USS Maddox (DD 731) engages three North Vietnamese motor torpedo boats. In the resulting torpedo and gunfire, Maddox hit all the boats, while she was struck only by a single 14.5-millimeter machine gun bullet. Air support arrives from USS Ticonderoga (CVA 14) and her planes strafe the three boats. Both sides then disengage. 
From 1 August
1941  First production Willys MB Jeep is completed
1943  Operation Tidal Wave, the raid on Ploesti is conducted by B-24s attempting to destroy oil refineries
1944 - While in action with the German submarine (U 804), USS Fiske (DE 143) is torpedoed mid-ship, breaks in two and sinks. Thirty of her crew members are lost with her.
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
Top national headlines include revelations that the suspect who killed the doctor who treated former President George H.W. Bush did so over a grudge from 20 years ago; the TSA considering eliminating passenger screening at more than 150 airports; and updates on the Paul Manafort trial. USNI News reports that the RIMPAC exercise is a valuable opportunity to validate command and control of large multinational task groups. "Bringing all these navies together with all these capabilities allows my headquarters and the planners and the folks who work here to actually use this scenario to think about how we'll actually conduct real-world warfare," said SUBPAC commander Rear Adm. Daryl Caudle. Wall Street Journal reports that Congress passed a defense-policy bill that some lawmakers say is tougher on China than any other in history. Additionally, Defense Daily reports that the USS Charleston finished acceptance trials on July 19.
Today in History August 2
216 BC

Hannibal Barca wins his greatest victory over the Romans at Cannae. After avidly studying the tactics of Hannibal, Scipio Africanus eventually bested his Carthaginian adversary.
47 BC

Caesar defeats Pharnaces at Zela in Syria and declares, "veni, vidi, vici," (I came, I saw, I conquered).

The treaty of Passau gives religious freedom to Protestants living in Germany.

An invading French army is destroyed at the Battle of Marciano in Italy by an imperial army.

During France's religious war, a fanatical monk stabs King Henry II to death.

The Continental Congress, having decided unanimously to make the Declaration of Independence, affixes the signatures of the other delegates to the document.

The first US census begins enumerating the population.

Napoleon Bonaparte is proclaimed "Consul for Life" by the French Senate after a plebiscite from the French people.

The first parachute jump from a balloon is made by Charles Guille in New York City.

Troops under General Henry Atkinson massacre Sauk Indian men, women and children who are followers of Black Hawk at the Bad Axe River in Wisconsin. Black Hawk himself finally surrenders three weeks later, bringing the Black Hawk War to an end.

William A. Leidesdorff launches the first steam boat in San Francisco Bay.

Union General John Pope captures Orange Court House, Virginia.

The Army Ambulance Corps is established by Maj. Gen. George McClellan.

Wild Bill Hickok is shot while playing poker.


A British force lands in Archangel, Russia, to support White Russian opposition to the Bolsheviks.

Vice President Calvin Coolidge becomes president upon the death of Warren G. Harding.

German President Paul von Hindenburg dies and Adolf Hitler becomes chancellor.

Lt. John F. Kennedy, towing an injured sailor, swims to a small island in the Solomon Islands. The night before, his boat, PT-109, had been split in half by the Japanese destroyer Amagiri.

The U.S. First Provisional Marine Brigade arrives in Korea from the United States.

U.S. destroyer Maddox is reportedly attacked by North Vietnamese patrol boats.

Newsman Morley Safer films the destruction of a Vietnamese village by U.S. Marines.

Iraqi forces invade neighboring Kuwait.

Author William S. Burroughs (Naked Lunch), considered the godfather of the "Beat Generation" in American literature, dies at age 83.
Thanks to Ted and Dutch R.
Now that was one tuff Dodge....
So you went out and spent $40k - 60k on a new 4-wheel drive truck and put big off-road tires on it so you could get to work out in the oilfields. You could have just bought a 1920's era Dodge!
As this video demonstrates, our roads have come a long way in 94 years.  One must wonder if many of our 4 wheel drive and ATV's could do as well as this old Dodge sedan did.
This is amazing old footage!    and it just keeps going......
Thanks to Carl…..Great story
Tomcat Deep! ‹
Recovering a Tomcat with a Phoenix Missile lost on Sep 14, 1976 on the USS JFK off the coast of Scotland!
We didn't have this "Green Thing" ...
thanks to Doctor Rich 
    Checking out at the store, the young cashier suggested to the much older lady that she should bring her own grocery bags, because plastic bags are not good for the environment.
    The woman apologized to the young girl and explained, "We didn't have this 'green thing' back in my earlier days."
    The young clerk responded, "That's our problem today. Your generation did not care enough to save our environment for future generations."
     The older lady said that she was right  our generation didn't have the "green thing" in its day. The older lady went on to explain: Back then, we returned milk bottles, soda bottles and beer bottles to the store. The store sent them back to the plant to be washed and sterilized and refilled, so it could use the same bottles over and over. So they really were recycled.
     But we didn't have the "green thing" back in our day.  Grocery stores bagged our groceries in brown paper bags that we reused for numerous things.  Most memorable besides household garbage bags was the use of brown paper bags as book covers for our school books. This was to ensure that public property (the books provided for our use by the school) was not defaced by our scribblings. Then we were able to personalize our books on the brown paper bags.
     But, too bad we didn't do the "green thing" back then. We walked up stairs because we didn't have an escalator in every store and office building. We walked to the grocery store and didn't climb into a 300-horsepower machine every time we had to go two blocks. But she was right. We didn't have the "green thing" in our day.
     Back then we washed the baby's diapers because we didn't have the throw away kind. We dried clothes on a line, not in an energy-gobbling machine burning up 220 volts. Wind and solar power really did dry our clothes back in our early days.
     Kids got hand-me-down clothes from their brothers or sisters, not always brand-new clothing. But that young lady is right; we didn't have the "green thing" back in our day.
     Back then we had one TV, or radio, in the house -- not a TV in every room. And the TV had a small screen the size of a handkerchief (remember them?), not a screen the size of the state of Montana.
     In the kitchen we blended and stirred by hand because we didn't have electric machines to do everything for us.
     When we packaged a fragile item to send in the mail, we used wadded up old newspapers to cushion it, not Styrofoam or plastic bubble wrap.
     Back then, we didn't fire up an engine and burn gasoline just to cut the lawn. We used a push mower that ran on human power.
     We exercised by working so we didn't need to go to a health club to run on treadmills that operate on electricity. But she's right; we didn't have the "green thing" back then.
     We drank from a fountain when we were thirsty instead of using a cup or a plastic bottle every time we had a drink of water.  We refilled writing pens with ink instead of buying a new pen, and we replaced the razor blade in a razor instead of throwing away the whole razor just because the blade got dull. But we didn't have the "green thing" back then.
     Back then, people took the streetcar or a bus and kids rode their bikes to school or walked instead of turning their moms into a 24-hour taxi service in the family's $45,000 SUV or van, which cost what a whole house did before the "green thing."
     We had one electrical outlet in a room, not an entire bank of sockets to power a dozen appliances. And we didn't need a computerized gadget to receive a signal beamed from satellites 23,000 miles out in space in order to find the nearest burger joint.
     But isn't it sad the current generation laments how wasteful we old folks were just because we didn't have the "green thing" back then?
     Please forward this on to another selfish old person who needs a lesson in conservation from a smart ass young person. We don't like being old in the first place, so it doesn't take much to piss us off… 
Especially from a smart ass who can't make change without the cash register telling them how much.
By Illegal Immigrants

I cross river, Poor and broke, 
Take bus, See employment folk. 
Nice man Treat me good in there, 
Say I need Go see Welfare. 
Welfare say, You come no more,
We send cash Right to your door.' 
Welfare checks, They make you wealthy, 
Medicaid It keep you healthy! 
By and by, Got plenty money, 
Thanks to you,TAXPAYER dummy. 
Write to friends In motherland, 
Tell them come, fast as you can' 
They come in buses And Chevy trucks, 
I buy big house With welfare bucks.
They come here, We live together, 
More welfare checks, It gets better!
Fourteen families, They moving in, 
But neighbor's patience Wearing thin. 
Finally, white guy Moves away, 
.. I buy his house, And then I say, 
'Find more aliens For house to rent.' 
In my yard I put a tent. 
Send for family They just trash, 
 But they, too, Draw welfare cash! 
Everything is Very good, 
Soon we own Whole neighborhood.. 
We have hobby It called breeding, 
Welfare pay For baby feeding. 
Kids need dentist? Wife need pills? 
We get free! We got no bills! 
TAXPAYER crazy! He pay all year, 
To keep welfare Running here. 
We think 
America Darn good place! 
Too darn good For white man race. 
If they no like us, They can go, 
Got lots of room In Mexico . 
Thanks to  Admiral Cox and his Team at Naval  History and Heritage Command
75th Anniversary of World War II
Central Solomon Islands Campaign: Kula Gulf, Kolombangara, Vella Gulf, PT-109 and Battles with No Names (A Case Study in Slowness to Learn)
The United States and Allies began advancing in earnest up the Central Solomon Island chain in the late spring and early summer of 1943 toward the Japanese stronghold of Rabaul—located just to the northwest of Bougainville and the northern Solomon Islands—and the ultimate objective of the Solomon Islands Campaign. The operation to capture Munda airfield on the island of New Georgia provoked several pitched naval battles between the U.S. Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy—the battles of Kula Gulf, Kolombangara and Vella Gulf—and a near continuous stream of lesser battles with no names, one of which included the loss of PT-109, commanded by future President John F. Kennedy.
Despite the great losses on both sides during the Guadalcanal campaign—which the U.S. Navy could replace and the Japanese could not—during the battles in the Central Solomons in June through August 1943, the Japanese navy showed it was still full of fight, aggressive, highly competent, and still had some surprises for the U.S. Navy—such as new passive radar detection capability which turned the U.S. Navy's use of radar to the Japanese advantage at Kolombangara. Although the U.S. Navy had learned and incorporated numerous lessons from the previous battles in the Solomons—for example, new or refitted ships now had something approximating a combat information center (CIC) to integrate radar with communications and weapons control—it still failed to understand the magnitude of the threat posed by the Japanese Type 93 oxygen torpedo. The torpedo, which after the war was known as "Long Lance," cost the light cruiser USS Helena (CL-50), several destroyers, and caused severe damage to other cruisers and destroyers. The Japanese destroyers' ability to reload their torpedoes during a battle also came as a rude and costly shock. Both navies struggled with command and control of their forces during night battles. For example, U.S. PT-boats accidentally gave the coup de grace to Vice Admiral Richmond Kelly Turner's flagship, the USS McCawley (APA-4), which had been crippled by a daylight aerial torpedo attack, mistaking it for a Japanese transport. In turn, the Japanese were surprised by minefields laid by U.S. destroyers converted to fast minelayers. U.S. PT-boats waged frequent combat with Japanese troop-carrying barges, which although slow, were heavily armed and armored and proved to be very tough targets.
Neither side committed battleships or even heavy cruisers to the fight in the Central Solomons, except for one Japanese attempt by heavy cruisers that was broken up by air attack. The Japanese carriers remained far away, although their air groups, operating from land bases, were committed to the fight, and their planes mostly lost. The United States used the fleet carriers USS Enterprise (CV-6) and USS Saratoga (CV-3), sparingly, as they were the only ones left until new Essex-class carriers started coming on-line very late in 1943. Through it all, near-constant battles for air supremacy were waged over the Central Solomons (inspiring future mediocre TV shows like Baa-Baa Black Sheep) and by this time the degradation of Japanese pilot skills was readily apparent. Although aircraft losses were heavy on both sides, they were much greater for the Japanese.
By August 1943, the United States was in possession of key locations in the Central Solomons, and had bypassed several Japanese-held islands (the beginnings of the "island-hopping" strategy) and preparing to advance to Bougainville in the Northern Solomons. The campaign both ashore and at sea had proved even more costly than expected, because the Japanese Navy just didn't know how to quit. For more on the Central Solomon Islands campaign, please see attachment H-020-2.Be sure to click on this URL to get the full story on these engagements.
Item Number:1 Date: 08/02/2018 AFGHANISTAN - MILITANTS KIDNAP, KILL 3 FOREIGNERS IN KABUL (AUG 02/KP)  KHAAMA PRESS -- Three foreigners have been abducted and killed by militants in Kabul, the Afghan capital, reports the Khaama Press (Afghanistan).   An Indian, Malaysian and Macedonian who worked as cooks for the Sodexo food and catering services company were kidnapped and shot dead on Thursday, reported Reuters.   All three were traveling to work with a local driver when they were abducted.   The bodies were recovered in the Musahi district of the capital, said police officials.   No group immediately claimed responsibility for the attack.  
  Item Number:2 Date: 08/02/2018 BAHRAIN - IRANIAN HACKERS TARGETING MIDDLE EASTERN GOVERNMENTS, SAYS REPORT (AUG 02/GDN)  GULF DAILY NEWS -- A new report from U.S. cybersecurity firm Symantec says that a group of "highly active" hackers based in Iran has been attacking governments in the Middle East, reports the Gulf Daily News (Bahrain).   The group, known as "Leafminer," has attacked networks in Afghanistan, Bahrain, Egypt, Israel, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, the report says.   The hackers targeted "energy, telecommunications, financial services, transportation and government" sectors, said Symantec researchers.   The group employed malware on websites frequently visited by users and brute-force login attempts.   A spokesman for Bahrain's Information and eGovernment Authority said that no indication had been found that Leafminer had targeted the portal or any systems managed by the agency.   Leafminer reportedly began operations in early 2017. Attacks have increased since late last year, says the report.  
  Item Number:3 Date: 08/02/2018 CHINA - DRAFT CODE OF CONDUCT FOR S. CHINA SEA REACHED WITH ASEAN (AUG 02/SCMP)  SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST -- China and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) have agreed to a preliminary code of conduct for operations in the disputed South China Sea, reports the South China Morning Post.   Several Southeast Asian nations and China have conflicting territorial claims in the region.   The agreement was announced on Thursday during a meeting between Chinese and ASEAN representatives in Singapore.   The draft negotiating text, which was agreed in June, will serve as the basis for negotiations, said Singapore Foreign Minister Vivian Balakrishnan, as quoted by Reuters.   The sides have been discussing for years a potential agreement to prevent disputes from escalating.   The ASEAN members are also expected to discuss a cybersecurity deal with Russia and a major trade deal backed by China in response to protectionist trade actions by the United States
Item Number:4 Date: 08/02/2018 CZECH REPUBLIC - ARMED FORCES SEEK TO BOOST END-STRENGTH AS THREATS GROW (AUG 02/CTK)  CZECH NEWS AGENCY -- The Czech military plans to significantly increase its troop numbers, reports the Czech News Agency.   The military wants to reach an end-strength of 30,000 by 2026, Lt. Gen. Jiri Baloun said last week. The armed forces have long been short of its objective of 25,000 personnel.   However, the military has enlisted nearly 2,000 new recruits since 2015, reducing the gap from 19,000 troops to 21,000.   In the first phase of the plan, the military intends to fill 3,800 vacant posts to reach the 25,000 personnel goal.   "At the same time, we will recruit additional 5,000 troops to fill the posts in new units," which will focus on cybernetics, robotics and other technology areas, Baloun said.   The University of Defense in Brno is also set to open a new program focusing on cybersecurity, the general said
Item Number:5 Date: 08/02/2018 IRAN - IRGC EXPECTED TO LAUNCH MAJOR EXERCISE IN PERSIAN GULF (AUG 02/CNN)  CABLE NEWS NETWORK -- U.S. officials say that Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) is expected to begin a major naval exercise in the Persian Gulf within days, reports CNN.   The drills, which may demonstrate Tehran's ability to close the Strait of Hormuz, a vital passageway for global energy supplies, could begin as soon as the end of the week, according to U.S. officials familiar with the latest intelligence assessment of the IRGC's movements.   The assessment sees no immediate signs of hostile Iranian intent, but the show of force raises three primary concerns, the officials said.   These include the timing of the drills as the IRGC has stepped up its anti-American rhetoric; the exercise is expected to be larger than previous iterations; and that the training is taking place much earlier in the year than usual.   U.S. intelligence says the IRGC has put together a fleet of more than 100 boats, mostly small fast craft, for the drills and additional air and ground forces, including coastal defense batteries, could take part.  
  Item Number:6 Date: 08/02/2018 ISRAEL - DEFENSE MINISTRY HALTS FUEL, GAS SHIPMENTS TO GAZA OVER FIREBOMBS (AUG 02/HA)  HAARETZ -- Israeli Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman has banned the shipment of fuel and gas to the Gaza Strip through the Kerem Shalom border crossing, reports Haaretz (Israel).   The move was a response to "continued airborne firebombs terror" and clashes during weekly protests on the Israeli border with Gaza, the defense ministry said.   The ban started Thursday and will continue until further notice, Lieberman said.   Fields and forests in Israel near the Gaza border have suffered numerous fires started by incendiary kites and helium-filled balloons launched from Gaza. Some of the balloons carried small explosive devices.   Israel closed the Kerem Shalom border crossing to most goods earlier this month. Fuel, food and medicine were exempted.   Kerem Shalom is the only border post where goods are permitted into the Gaza Strip.  
  Item Number:7 Date: 08/02/2018 JAPAN - TOKYO URGES REDUCTION OF RUSSIAN MILITARY ACTIVITY ON DISPUTED ISLANDS (AUG 02/DIPLOMAT)  DIPLOMAT -- Japan has requested that Russia reduce its military activities on the disputed Kuril Islands, which Tokyo calls the Northern Territories, reports the Diplomat (Tokyo).   On Tuesday, Japanese Defense Minister Itsunori Onodera and Foreign Minister Taro Kono met with their Russian counterparts, Sergei Shoigu and Sergey Lavrov, in Moscow for 2 + 2 security talks.   Russia has been building up its military capabilities on the four islands, Onodera said, as cited by Reuters. A release from the Japanese Ministry of Defense emphasized that Russian military activities in the islands were "incompatible" with "the position of Japan" and "regrettable."   In February, Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev signed a decree authorizing the deployment of military aircraft to a civilian airfield on Iturup (known as Etorofu in Japanese). Japan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs lodged an official protest soon after.   In March, Russian forces deployed two Su-35S fighters to the airbase.   Russia's increased military presence on the islands illustrates growing concerns over the deployment of missile defense systems in the region, including the Aegis Ashore ballistic missile defense system in Japan and the Terminal High-Altitude Air Defense (THAAD) system in South Korea.   The dispute dates from 1945, when the Soviet Union seized the islands and expelled nearly 17,000 Japanese nationals. Under the San Francisco Peace Treaty drafted in 1951, Tokyo renounced its rights to the Kuril Islands. However, Moscow never signed the treaty.   During this week's talk, the sides agreed to a Japanese fact-finding mission to the islands as part of efforts to resolve the dispute
Item Number:8 Date: 08/02/2018 MALAYSIA - AIR FORCE STRUGGLES TO KEEP RUSSIAN JETS IN THE AIR (AUG 02/STAR)  THE STAR -- The Royal Malaysian Air Force is only able to fly four of its 28 Russian-built fighter jets, according to Defense Minister Mohamad Sabu, as cited by the Star (Malaysia).   The service has 18 Su-30MKMs and 10 older MiG-29s. Only four of the Su-30s are flyable, with the remaining 14 undergoing maintenance and repair, Sabu said. He provided no further information on the state of the MiG-29s.   The air force is unable to properly maintain its fighter jets, Sabu told Parliament on Tuesday.   The defense ministry has terminated the contractor providing maintenance for the jets and is seeking a local replacement, the minister said
  Item Number:9 Date: 08/02/2018 MALAYSIA - STEEL CUT FOR 1ST OF NEW LITTORAL MISSION SHIPS (AUG 02/CMO)  CHINA MILITARY ONLINE -- China has started construction of the first of four littoral mission ships for the Royal Malaysian Navy, reports China Military Online.   First steel was cut on Tuesday at China's Wuchang shipyard in Wuhan in the Hubei province.   This is the first major Chinese export of military equipment to Malaysia, noted shipyard officials. The contract for the project was finalized on April 21, 2017.   The 701 Research Institute of the China Shipbuilding Industry Co. (CSIC) designed the ship.   Wuchang Shipbuilding is responsible for the construction of the first and second ships, while the third and fourth will be jointly built at Malaysia's Boustead Naval Shipyard.   The ship is designed for various missions, including patrol, anti-terrorism, search-and-rescue and fisheries protection
  Item Number:10 Date: 08/02/2018 NETHERLANDS - NAVY SEEKS TO UPGRADE MK 46 TORPEDOES (AUG 02/DSCA)  U.S. DEFENSE SECURITY COOPERATION AGENCY -- The U.S. State Dept. has approved a potential purchase of torpedo conversion kits by the Netherlands, reports the U.S. Defense Security Cooperation Agency.   The proposed US$169 million Foreign Military Sales deal covers 106 Mk 54 torpedo conversion kits.   The potential sale also covers include torpedo containers, recoverable exercise torpedoes; fleet exercise section and fuel tanks; air-launch accessories for rotary wing aircraft; torpedo launcher interface cabinets; ground-handling equipment; spare parts; training; and associated technical and logistics support.   The Dutch navy plans to upgrade its current Mk 46 torpedoes to the Mk 54 configuration.   The Mk 54 anti-submarine torpedo combines the homing section of the Mk 50 and the warhead and propulsion of the Mk 46.   The torpedo can be deployed from surface ships, helicopters or fixed-wing aircraft
Item Number:11 Date: 08/02/2018 ROMANIA - OPPOSITION CALLS FOR DEFENSE MINISTER TO RESIGN AFTER GAFFE (AUG 02/RI)  ROMANIA INSIDER -- Opposition politicians in Romania have called on Defense Minister Mihai Fifor to resign after he suggested that the U.S. had ballistic missiles at its facility in Deveselu in southern Romania, reports Romania Insider.   During a live television interview on Tuesday, Fifor implied that the Deveselu base was armed with ballistic missiles during a discussion about relations with Russia.   The defense minister later attributed the backlash to "a misunderstanding or an error of communication."   Romania hosts a U.S. Aegis Ashore ballistic missile defense system in Deveselu. The defensive system is designed to defeat short- and medium-range missiles.   Opposition members called for Fifor's resignation, arguing that the statement could fuel Russian propaganda, reported Agence France-Presse.  
Item Number:12 Date: 08/02/2018 SYRIA - RUSSIAN MILITARY POLICE DEPLOYED TO GOLAN HEIGHTS (AUG 02/REU)  REUTERS -- The Russian government says it has deployed military police to monitor the border area between Israel and Syria in the Golan Heights, reports Reuters.   Advances by the Syrian military against rebels in the southwestern part of the country have raised concerns in Israel that it could allow Iranian troops to take up posts near the border.   On Thursday, Russian military police began patrolling the Golan Heights, with plans to establish eight observation posts, said a senior Russian Defense Ministry official.   The Russian mission is in support of the U.N. peacekeeping mission there. The peacekeepers suspended operations in the area in 2012 due to safety concerns, the official said.   The Russian troops will turn over the observation posts to Syrian forces once the situation stabilizes, he said.   Meanwhile, seven militants were killed in an overnight Israeli airstrike on the Syrian-held part of the Golan Heights, reported Israel Radio.  
  Item Number:13 Date: 08/02/2018 USA - 17 NATIONS JOIN ANNUAL PANAMAX DRILLS IN FLORIDA (AUG 02/NNS)  NAVY NEWSSTAND -- The U.S. Navy is hosting the Brazilian-led Combined Force Maritime Component Command (CFMCC) portion of the multinational PANAMAX exercise at Mayport Naval Base in northern Florida, reports the Navy NewsStand.   The exercise began on July 30 and is scheduled to conclude on Aug. 10.   Seventeen nations are taking part, including Argentina, Belize, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru and Trinidad and Tobago.   Colombia heads the Combined Force Land Component Command and Argentina, the Combined Force Special Operations Component Command.   The exercise is focused on the security of the Panama Canal, including simulating various responses to protect and ensure safe passage. This year's drill covers stability operations in support of a mock U.N. resolution.   The training is designed to improve interoperability among participating multinational staffs and build national capabilities to plan and conduct complex multinational operations
Item Number:14 Date: 08/02/2018 USA - MILITARY PLANS AFRICAN WITHDRAWALS TO RENEW FOCUS ON LARGER THREATS (AUG 02/NYT)  NEW YORK TIMES -- The U.S. Africa Command has developed plans to withdraw hundreds of troops from Africa and wrap up several special operations missions in response to the Trump administration's renewed focus on threats from China and Russia, reports the New York Times.   Most of the troop reductions and scaled-back missions are expected in Central and West Africa, where special operations missions have focused on training local armed forces to fight extremist militant groups, said Pentagon officails.   The plan would help streamline the military's ability to combat threats around the world, without retreating from Africa, Gen. Thomas Waldhauser, the AFRICOM chief, said in an interview with the Times.   The move comes after an ambush in Niger last fall that killed four U.S. soldiers and another attack in Somalia in June that killed one.   In some cases, the local forces being trained by U.S. special operations troops no longer need American support, allowing such missions to be concluded, Waldhauser said.   National Guard units could be paired with African countries under the State Partnership program as the special operations missions draw down, said the general.   Africa has grown in importance for U.S. counterterrorism efforts with the emergence of a number of Islamist militant groups, including the Islamic State, Boko Haram and others that have sworn loyalty to Al-Qaida
Item Number:15 Date: 08/02/2018 USA - NEW CENTER SEEKS TO STRENGTHEN GOVERNMENT, INDUSTRY COOPERATION AGAINST CYBER THREATS (AUG 02/CNBC)  CNBC -- The U.S. Dept. of Homeland Security plans to establish a new center to combat cyber attacks on industry, reports CNBC.   The National Risk Management Center, to be located in Washington, D.C., will help protect industries, such as energy, finance and telecommunications, Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen said on Tuesday at the National Cybersecurity Summit.   The center will bring together industry and government, providing a "single point of access" to the full range of government capabilities to defend against cyber threats.   The new center will launch later this year, with activities to begin immediately.   The department will begin a "90-day sprint" to address the cybersecurity needs of these sectors, culminating in a "major-sector exercise" in the fall, said Nielsen.   The department will also set up a new supply chain risk management program that is designed to bring together corporate cybersecurity experts with government agencies to seek out specific vulnerabilities.   Homeland Security is seeking to prevent a single attack that creates cascading issues across multiple industries, officials said.   The announcement comes amid growing concerns of cyberattacks by foreign adversaries.   Last week, the department confirmed Russian hackers had breached the control rooms of major utilities in 2017
Item Number:16 Date: 08/02/2018 ZIMBABWE - SECURITY FORCES KILL 3 IN ELECTION-RELATED VIOLENCE (AUG 02/BBC)  BRITISH BROADCASTING CORP. -- Three people have been killed in Harare after troops opened fire on rioting opposition supporters, reports BBC News.   The opposition has accused the ruling party of rigging Zimbabwe's general elections on July 30.   The army was deployed in the capital to help police restore order, according to the government.   Parliamentary results indicate that the ruling Zanu-PF party is expected to win a large majority in the first elections since Robert Mugabe was forced to resign last year.   The presidential results have not yet been declared. The opposition MDC Alliance says that its candidate, Nelson Chamisa, won the election.   Government officials said no announcement had been made because the representatives of some of the 23 candidates had not appeared to verify the election results.   A candidate must obtain more than 50 percent of the vote. Otherwise, a runoff will be held on Sept. 8.   European Union election monitors have expressed concern over how long it has taken to declare the presidential election result.

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