Wednesday, July 25, 2018

TheList 4775

The List 4775     TGB

To All,
A bit of history and some tidbits.
This day in Naval History
July 25
1898—During the Spanish-American War, a landing party from the armed yacht, USS Gloucester, single-handedly captures Guanica, Puerto Rico.
1943—The first Navy ship named for an African-American, USS Harmon (DE 678), is launched. USS Harmon is named in honor of Mess Attendant 1st Class Leonard Roy Harmon who posthumously receives the Navy Cross for heroic actions trying to save a shipmate on board USS San Francisco (CA 38) during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal on Nov. 13, 1942.
1946—The second of two nuclear weapon tests—BAKER—is detonated during Operation Crossroads at Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands. The first test was ABLE.
1956—USS Edward H. Allen (DE 531) and USNS Private H. Thomas (AP 185) rescue more than 200 passengers from Andrea Doria and transport them to New York after the Italian liner collides with Swedish cruiser Stockholm off Nantucket on the New England coast. Forty-six people died from the collision, but 1,600 passengers and crew are saved.
1998—USS Harry S. Truman (CVN 75) is commissioned at Naval Station Norfolk, VA. The eighth aircraft carrier of the Nimitz-class is the first to be named after the 33rd president of the United States. 
Today in History July 25

Emperor Constantine refuses to carry out traditional pagan sacrifices.

Charles VI of France issues a decree for the general expulsion of Jews from France.

Maximilian II becomes emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.

Hideyoshi bans Christianity in Japan and orders all Christians to leave.

British forces defeat a French army at Fort Niagara in Canada.

On his way back from Syria, Napoleon Bonaparte defeats the Ottomans at Aboukir, Egypt.

British and American forces fight each other to a standoff at Lundy's Lane, Canada.

China grants Belgium equal trading rights with Britain, France and the United States.

President Andrew Johnson signs an act creating the territory of Wyoming.

Gold is discovered in the Rogue River in Oregon, extending the quest for gold up the Pacific coast.

The Crittenden Resolution, calling for the American Civil War to be fought to preserve the Union and not for slavery, is passed by Congress.

Japanese forces sink the British steamer Kowshing which was bringing Chinese reinforcements to Korea.

French aviator Louis Bleriot becomes the first man to fly across the English Channel in an airplane.

Russia declares that it will act to protect Serbian sovereignty.

Greece announces the deportation of 50,000 Armenians.

Austrian chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss is shot and killed by Nazis.

The U.S. government freezes Japanese and Chinese assets.

Italian Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini is overthrown in a coup.

Allied forces begin the breakthrough of German lines in Normandy.

The first test-tube baby, Louise Brown, is born in Oldham, England.

Svetlana Savitskaya becomes first woman to perform a space walk.
From the Marquis' Commission to an F-86 Kill by  W. Thomas Smith Jr.
This Week in American Military History:
July 25, 1866:  David Glasgow Farragut – best known for purportedly uttering the command, "Damn the torpedoes! Full speed ahead!," or the more likely command, "Damn the torpedoes! "Four bells. Captain [Percival] Drayton, go ahead! [Lt. Commander James] Jouett, full speed!" during the
1864 Battle of Mobile Bay, Alabama – is appointed to the rank of admiral (the first such rank in U.S. Naval history).
This same day, future American Pres. Ulysses S. Grant becomes the first "full [four star] general" in the history of the U.S. Army.
July 26, 1947: The National Security Act of 1947 – the law reorganizing the post-World War II national defense/intelligence structure of the United States – is passed.
The Act establishes the U.S. Department of Defense, which brings together the Departments of the Army, Navy (including the Marine Corps), the newly established Air Force (born of the World War II-era Army Air Forces), and it makes "official" the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
The Act also establishes the National Security Council (the highest-ranking executive council – composed of the U.S. president, vice president, secretaries of Defense and State, and others – responsible for advising the president on matters related to the integration of domestic, foreign, and military policies affecting national security) and the Central Intelligence Agency (born of a series of predecessor foreign intelligence-gathering/clandestine-operations organizations including the World War II-era Office of Strategic Services).
The Act, which will become effective Sept. 18, is considered to be the most sweeping reorganization of the American defense structure since the establishment of the Department of the Navy in 1798.
July 27, 1909:  Aviation pioneer Orville Wright flies himself and U.S. Army Lt. Frank P. Lahm above the Fort Myer, Virginia countryside for more than an hour in his now-famous Wright Flyer. The Army leadership is impressed enough that it takes delivery of its first Wright Flyer, "the world's first military airplane," within days.
July 27, 1953:  A negotiated ceasefire ends the "shooting war" in Korea.
This same day, U.S. Air Force Capt. Ralph S. Parr, flying an F-86 Sabre, shoots down a Soviet Ilyushin Il-12 transport, reportedly "the last kill" of the Korean War.
July 28, 1915:  Rear Admiral William B. Caperton, commander of the Cruiser Squadron of the Atlantic Fleet, orders 340 U.S. Marines and sailors ashore at Port au Prince, Haiti. The landing party is composed of the Marine Detachment USS Washington, the 12th Marine Expeditionary Company, and three companies of sailors. More troops will follow.
The landings are initiated in response to a spate of mob violence in which scores of political prisoners are summarily executed.
July 29, 1846:  Sailors and Marines of USS Cyane seize San Diego, California, during the Mexican War.
July 30, 1864: In a special-operation that proves disastrous for the initiators, Union Army troops under the command of Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside detonate a mine, blowing a huge hole (or crater) in the Confederate defenses at Petersburg, Virginia. Several units of Union soldiers charge in after the explosion, but each unit is beaten back with heavy losses by Confederates under Brig. Gen. William Mahone.
July 31, 1777:  The Marquis de Lafayette, a 19-year-old French nobleman whom Gen. George Washington will soon take under his wing, is commissioned "major general" in the Continental Army.
Thanks to Micro
A Soldier Never Forgets North Platte
When service members pass through this small town in Nebraska, the community comes together to thank them.
Bob Greene, Wall Street Journal,
July 22, 2018 4:01 p.m. ET
Community and service members in North Platte, Nebraska. Photo: Stephen Barkley/The North Platte Telegraph
'We were overwhelmed," said Lt. Col. Nick Jaskolski. "I don't really have words to describe how surprised and moved we all were. I had never even heard of the town before."
Col. Jaskolski, a veteran of the Iraq war, is commander of the 142nd Field Artillery Brigade of the Arkansas Army National Guard. For three weeks earlier this summer, the 142nd had been conducting an emergency deployment readiness exercise in Wyoming, training and sleeping outdoors, subsisting on field rations. Now it was time for the 700 soldiers to return to their base.
A charter bus company had been hired for the 18-hour drive back to Arkansas. The Army had budgeted for a stop to get snacks. The bus company determined that the soldiers would reach North Platte, in western Nebraska, around the time they would likely be hungry. The company placed a call to the visitors' bureau: Was there anywhere in town that could handle a succession of 21 buses, and get 700 soldiers in and out for a quick snack?
North Platte said yes. North Platte has always said yes.
The community welcomed more than 700 service men and women, North Platte , Nebraska, June 18-19. Photo: Stephen Barkley/The North Platte Telegraph
During World War II, North Platte was a geographically isolated town of 12,000. Soldiers, sailors and aviators on their way to fight the war rode troop trains across the nation, bound for Europe via the East Coast or the Pacific via the West Coast. The Union Pacific Railroad trains that transported the soldiers always made 10-minute stops in North Platte to take on water.
The townspeople made those 10 minutes count. Starting in December 1941, they met every train: up to 23 a day, beginning at 5 a.m. and ending after midnight. Those volunteers greeted between 3,000 and 5,000 soldiers a day. They presented them with sandwiches and gifts, played music for them, danced with them, baked birthday cakes for them. Every day of the year, every day of the war, they were there at the depot. They never missed a train, never missed a soldier. They fed six million soldiers by the end of the war. Not 1 cent of government money was asked for or spent, save for a $5 bill sent by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
The soldiers never forgot the kindness. Most of them, and most of the townspeople who greeted them, are dead. And now, in 2018, those 21 busloads from the 142nd Field Artillery were on their way, expecting to stop at some fast-food joint.
Photo: Stephen Barkley/The North Platte Telegraph
"We couldn't believe what we saw when we pulled up," Col. Jaskolski said. As each bus arrived over a two-day period, the soldiers stepped out to be greeted by lines of cheering people holding signs of thanks. They weren't at a fast-food restaurant: They were at North Platte's events center, which had been opened and decorated especially for them.
"People just started calling our office when they heard the soldiers were on their way," said Lisa Burke, the director of the visitors' bureau. "Hundreds of people, who wanted to help."
The soldiers entered the events center to the aroma of steaks grilling and the sound of recorded music: current songs by Luke Bryan, Justin Timberlake, Florida Georgia Line; World War II songs by Glenn Miller, the Andrews Sisters, Jimmy Dorsey. They were served steak sandwiches, ham sandwiches, turkey sandwiches, deviled eggs, salads and fruit; local church groups baked pies, brownies and cookies.
Mayor Dwight Livingston stood at the door for two days and shook every soldier's hand. Mr. Livingston served in the Air Force in Vietnam and came home to no words of thanks. Now, he said, as he shook the hands and welcomed the soldiers, "I don't know whether those moments were more important for them, or for me. I knew I had to be there."
"It was one soldier's 21st birthday," Lisa Burke said. "When I gave him his cake, he told me it was the first birthday cake he'd ever had in his life." Not wanting to pry, she didn't ask him how that could possibly be. "I was able to hold my emotions together," she said. "Until later."
When it became time to settle up—the Army, after all, had that money budgeted for snacks—the 142nd Field Artillery was told: Nope. You're not spending a penny here. This is on us.
This is on North Platte.
Mr. Greene's books include "Once Upon a Town: The Miracle of the North Platte Canteen."
Thanks to Bill
One Liners
            "Instead of getting married again, I'm going to find a woman I don't like and just give her a house." - Lewis Grizzard
            "The problem with the designated driver program, it's not a desirable job. But if you ever get sucked into doing it, have fun with it. At the end of the night, just drop them off at the wrong house." - Jeff Foxworthy
            "If a woman has to choose between catching a fly ball and saving an infant's life, she will choose to save the infant's life without even considering if there is a man on base." - Dave Barry
            "Relationships are hard. It's like a full time job, and we should treat it like one. If your boyfriend or girlfriend wants to leave you, they should give you two weeks' notice. There should be severance pay, and before they leave you, they should have to find you a temp." - Bob Ettinger
            "My Mom said she learned how to swim when someone took her out in the lake and threw her off the boat. I said, 'Mom, they weren't trying to teach you how to swim.'" - Paula Poundstone
            "The day I worry about cleaning my house is the day Sears comes out with a riding vacuum cleaner." - Roseanne
            "I think that's how Chicago got started. A bunch of people in New York said, 'Gee, I'm enjoying the crime and the poverty, but it just isn't cold enough. Let's go west.'"- Richard Jeni
            "If life was fair, Elvis would be alive and all the impersonators would be dead." -Johnny Carson
            "Sometimes I think war is God's way of teaching us geography."- Paul Rodriguez
            "My parents didn't want to move to Florida, but they turned sixty and that's the law." - Jerry Seinfeld
            "Bigamy is having one wife or husband too many. Monogamy is the same." - Oscar Wilde
            "Marriage is a great institution, but I'm not ready for an institution yet." - Mae West
            "Suppose you were an idiot... And suppose you were a member of Congress ... But I repeat myself." - Mark Twain
            "Our bombs are smarter than the average high school student. At least they can find Kuwait." - A. Whitney Brown
            "Women complain about premenstrual syndrome, but I think of it as the only time of the month that I can be myself." - Roseanne
            "You can say any foolish thing to a dog, and the dog will give you a look that says, 'My Goodness, you're right I never would've thought of that!'" - Dave Barry
            "If you can't beat them, arrange to have them beaten." - George Carlin
            "When I die, I want to die like my grandfather who died peacefully in his sleep. Not screaming like all the passengers in his car." - Author Unknown
            Advice for the day: If you have a lot of tension and you get a headache, do what it says on the aspirin bottle: "Take two aspirin" and "Keep away from children"
            "Oh, you hate your job? Why didn't you say so? There's a support group for that. It's called EVERYBODY, and they meet at the bar." - Drew Carey
  Item Number:3 Date: 07/25/2018 ISRAEL - AIR DEFENSES SHOOT DOWN SYRIAN JET AFTER IT CROSSES BORDER (JUL 25/HA)  HAARETZ -- The Israeli armed forces say they have downed a Syrian fighter jet that entered Israeli airspace, reports Haaretz (Israel).   On Tuesday, the Russian-made Sukhoi jet flew about 1 mile (2 km) into Israeli airspace, the army said.   Israeli Patriot air defense systems fired two missiles at the aircraft, bringing the jet down within the Syrian-administered area of the Golan Heights.   Israeli authorities said they did not know the fate of the pilot. A Syrian military official told Russia's Sputnik news agency that one of the pilots was killed while the fate of the second was unknown.   Syrian officials said that the jet was conducting operations within Syria and never entered Israeli airspace. One official told Yedioth Ahronot that Syria was busy with fighting in southwestern Syria but would respond to the aggression in time.   The Su-22 strike aircraft and took off from the T-4 air base near Homs, reported the Jerusalem Post. The jet was on a mission to attack targets near the 1974 cease-fire line, the newspaper said.   Israeli jets have carried out at least two airstrikes on T-4, targeting alleged Iranian forces using the base.  
Item Number:5 Date: 07/25/2018 MALI - TIMBUKTU SHUT DOWN BY VIOLENT PROTESTS (JUL 25/REU)  REUTERS -- Armed members of the minority Arab community in Mali have shut down the city of Timbuktu in the central part of the country, reports Reuters.   On Wednesday, the armed men fired shots into the air and set tires and cars on fire in the desert city, bringing business and movement to a halt, said local officials.   There were no reports of injuries.   Arabs form a small portion of Mali's population and often work as traders, noted Reuters.   The young men were protesting rising insecurity and alleged poor treatment by security forces ahead of presidential elections on July 29.   The catalyst was apparently a robbery of a black Bambara trader on Tuesday, which resulted in the arrests of four Arab youths after a gun battle, said local journalists.   Since 2012, Mali has been plagued by violence caused by ethnic Tuareg separatists and violent Islamist groups. The government has struggled to rein in violent groups and has been accused of numerous human-rights violations in its efforts to stop the violence
Item Number:6 Date: 07/25/2018 NIGERIA - BOKO HARAM LEADER RELEASES NEW VIDEO, REIGNITING SPECULATION OVER HEALTH (JUL 25/SAHREP)  SAHARA REPORTERS -- Boko Haram leader Abubakr Shekau has released a new video following a long absence that led to speculation about his health and whereabouts, reports the New York-based Sahara Reporters.   Wearing a white skull cap and holding an AK-47, Shekau urged his followers to "fight the infidels, kill the infidels, gun them, kill them in whichever way you can and take their souls in order to purify the land," the news website said.   The video opened with an ISIS-style execution of two prisoners. The group also used the video to display guns, ammunition, vehicles and uniforms stolen from state security forces.   Much of the video was taken up by discussions of what constitutes a true Muslim, noted Sahara Reporters.   His lips appeared to be bloody, the website said.   Shekau stated that he returned to the camera at the request of supporters. His last publicly-distributed video came in February, noted Agence France-Presse. The Boko Haram leader claims this video was shot on July 12.   Reports since then have suggested his health is failing. He is said to suffer from high blood pressure, failing eyesight and diabetes.   Many within the terrorist group believe that Shekau is too weak to lead. Boko Haram lieutenants are reportedly in talks about a potential change in leadership, two sources told AFP.  
  Item Number:7 Date: 07/25/2018 NORTH KOREA - GOVERNMENT SAYS ITS READY TO END STATE OF WAR WITH SOUTH (JUL 25/NEWEEK)  NEWSWEEK -- The North Korean government says it is ready to end the state of war with South Korea, reports Newsweek.   A commentary published by the official Korean Central News Agency on Tuesday said that "there are growing voices demanding the adoption of declaration on the termination of war" in South Korea that must be heard.   "The adoption of the declaration on the termination of war is the first process for defusing tension and building solid peacekeeping mechanism on the peninsula and a primary step for building confidence between the DPRK and the U.S.," said the state news agency.   A formal declaration to end the war is necessary to establish peace, the article said.   The article blamed South Korea's right-wing Liberal Korea Party (LKP), which is less conciliatory than other South Korean parties, for hindering peace efforts.   In a social media post on July 20, LKP chairman Hong Joon Pyo said that it is "impossible" to establish peace with Pyongyang until North Korea abandons its nuclear weapons.   North Korea has publicly maintained its intention to end the war since a June summit between dictator Kim Jong Un and U.S. President Donald Trump.   Analysts have cautioned that North Korea has been slow to adopt steps that would irrevocably set back its nuclear and missile capabilities.  
  Item Number:8 Date: 07/25/2018 PAKISTAN - ISIS CLAIMS DEADLY ELECTION DAY BLAST IN QUETTA (JUL 25/AFP)  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- At least 31 people have been killed and 30 injured in a suicide attack against voters in southwestern Pakistan, reports Agence France-Presse.   The attacker set off his explosives after police prevented him from entering a school that was serving as a polling station in Quetta, police said on Wednesday.   The death toll reached at least 32, said officials cited by the Independent (U.K.).   The attack occurred as voting began in Pakistan's parliamentary elections.   Similar attacks have taken place in that part of Quetta in the past, noted the news agency.   Officials halted polling soon after the blast. Voting resumed later in the day.   The Islamic State terrorist group (ISIS) claimed the attack through its affiliated Amaq news agency.   The run-up to the elections in Pakistan saw a wave of attacks that killed hundreds, most carried out by the Pakistani Taliban
  Item Number:12 Date: 07/25/2018 SYRIA - DOZENS KILLED IN SUICIDE BOMBING IN SWEIDA (JUL 25/ALJAZ)  AL JAZEERA -- Dozens of people have been killed in a suicide attack in southwestern Syria, reports Al Jazeera (Qatar).   On Wednesday, a motorcyclist entered a busy market in the city of Sweida and detonated his explosives, reported Syrian state news agency SANA.   Two other men wearing explosive belts were killed by security forces.   Casualty counts varied. Initial reports said that 38 people were killed. A Syrian medical source revised that figure to 50, cited in most media coverage. The U.K.-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, which relies on a network of in-country activists, said that 56 people were killed.   The suicide bombing was claimed by the Islamic State terrorist group (ISIS).   The attack in Sweida coincided with fighting between ISIS and government forces in the villages of al-Matouneh, Douma, Tima, al-Shabaki and Rami, all in the northeast of Sweida province.   Government forces and allied fighters gained control of a strategic hill and broke a short siege, reported the Syrian state-run Ikhbariyah channel.   An undisclosed number of fighters was killed in the fighting.   Those villages represent the last ISIS presence in the province, reported Reuters.   Sweida was largely sparred violence during much of the Syrian civil war. Pro-Damascus forces are now pushing through the area to consolidate gains made across the southwest, said analysts
  Item Number:15 Date: 07/25/2018 USA - PROSECUTORS TO CHARGE 2 AMERICANS FOR ISIS TIES (JUL 25/NBC)  NBC NEWS -- Federal prosecutors say they will charge two Americans who were captured fighting for the Islamic State terrorist group (ISIS) in Syria, reports NBC News.   Prosecutors announced the charges against Ibraheem Izzy Musaibli and Samantha Elhassani on Tuesday.   Musaibli, 28, was captured by coalition forces in Syria and then brought to the U.S., according to court documents.   A U.S. citizen, Musaibli joined ISIS in April 2015 and provided "material support" to the group through undisclosed personal services, said prosecutors.   His arraignment was scheduled for Wednesday in Detroit.   Prosecutors also announced separate charges of making false statements to the FBI against Samantha Elhassani.   The U.S. citizen and her four children were taken into U.S. custody after they were captured in Syria. One of her sons, 10, was featured in an ISIS propaganda video.   Her husband was killed while fighting for ISIS. Elhassani claimed she was tricked into moving to Syria.   Elhassani will appear for an initial hearing at an unannounced later date, said officials.  
  Item Number:16 Date: 07/25/2018 USA - RUSSIANS HACK ELECTRIC COMPANIES (JUL 25/WSJ)  WALL STREET JOURNAL -- Russian hackers succeeded in breaching the control rooms of U.S. electric companies, reports the Wall Street Journal.   The hackers are believed to work for a state-sponsored group sometimes called Dragonfly or Energetic Bear, the newspaper said on July 23.   Attackers would have been able to cause blackouts if they desired, said federal officials.   The attacks, which took place in 2016 and 2017, included breaking into "air gapped" computers, part of isolated networks not connected to other networks, by gaining access to the systems of trusted vendors, said Dept. of Homeland Security officials.   DHS has been hesitant to release the names of affected companies but has released more details than in the past. Many companies do not know they have been hacked because the attackers used employee credentials.   Many of the attacks used methods similar to the hacks on the Democratic National Committee in 2016, namely spearfishing emails that tricked victims into entering passwords on fake websites.   By logging in as vendors, the hackers were usually able to directly access the utilities themselves.   DHS is planning four briefings with industry leaders to diagnose the problem and enhance cooperation.

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