Saturday, June 30, 2018

TheList 4756

The List 4756     TGB
To All,
I hope that your week has been going well.
This day in Naval History
June 28
1776 - Army Col. William Moultries' troops defend Sullivans Island and Charleston, S.C. from an attack by British Commodore Sir Peter Parker and his fleet during the American Revolution. After a nine-hour battle with casualties mounting, Parker retreats. With Charleston saved, the fort is named in honor of Col. William Moultrie.
1794 - Joshua Humphreys appointed master builder to build Navy ships at an annual salary of $2,000.
1814—The sloop of war USS Wasp commanded by Johnston Blakeley, comes across HMS Reindeer, commanded by William Manners, off Plymouth, England, and engages in battle. After the 19-minute battle, USS Wasp captures HMS Reindeer, taking her crew as prisoners, and burn her at sea.
1865 - CSS Shenandoah captures 11 American whalers in one day
1869—The Navy's first surgeon-general William M. Wood is appointed, and serves until Oct. 25, 1871.
1970 - USS James Madison (SSBN-627) completes conversion to Poseidon missile capability
1914—Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria is assassinated at Sarajevo, Bosnia. This act eventually leads to World War I.
1919—The Versailles Peace Treaty is signed, which ends World War I.
1943—USS Peto (SS 265) and USS Tunny (SS 282) sink Japanese hydrographic-meteorological research ship Tenkai No.2 northeast of Mussau Island and a gunboat Shotoku Maru off the west coast of Rota, Mariana Islands. 
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
Top national news includes Justice Anthony Kennedy announcing his retirement Wednesday; and a landmark Supreme Court decision ruling that unions can't collect fees from nonmembers to defray the costs of collective bargaining. Congress is set to vote on an amendment to the FY 19 National Defense Authorization Act on Thursday that would provide funding for the purchase of two additional Virginia-class attack submarines in the next block buy reports USNI News. The Wall Street Journal reports that the meeting between Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis and Chinese president Xi Jinping was largely positive and constructive, but that disagreement over China's militarization of islands in the South China Sea emerged as a top issue with both sides maintaining their longstanding positions. The Wall Street Journal also reports that North Korea has been rapidly upgrading its nuclear research center despite its recent commitment to denuclearization.
Today in History June 28

The French colony of Guadeloupe is established in the Caribbean.

Frederick William of Brandenburg crushes the Swedes.

Russians defeat the Swedes and Cossacks at the Battle of Poltava.

Colonists repulse a British sea attack on Charleston, South Carolina.

Mary "Molly Pitcher" Hays McCauley, wife of an American artilleryman, carries water to the soldiers during the Battle of Monmouth.

Cinque and other Africans are kidnapped and sold into slavery in Cuba.

Fighting continues between Union and Confederate forces during the Seven Days' campaign.


The Freedmen's Bank, created to assist former slaves in the United States, closes. Customers of the bank lose $3 million.

Congress declares Labor Day a legal holiday.

Congress passes the Spooner bill, authorizing a canal to be built across the Isthmus of Panama.

Samuel J. Battle becomes the first African-American policeman in New York City.

Austria's Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated at Sarajevo, Serbia.

Germany signs the Treaty of Versailles under protest.

A coal strike in Britain is settled after three months.

More than 1,000 communists are routed during an assault on the British consulate in London.

Congress creates the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) to insure construction loans.

German troops launch an offensive to seize Soviet oil fields in the Caucasus and the city of Stalingrad.

General Douglas MacArthur announces the end of Japanese resistance in the Philippines.

The last U.S. combat troops are called home from Korea, leaving only 500 advisers.

General Douglas MacArthur arrives in South Korea as Seoul falls to the North.

French troops begin to pull out of Vietnam's Tonkin province.

Malcolm X founds the Organization for Afro-American Unity to seek independence for blacks in the Western Hemisphere.

14 people are shot during race riots in Buffalo, New York.

Muhammad Ali [Cassius Clay] stands before the Supreme Court regarding his refusal of induction into the U.S. Army during the Vietnam War.

The Supreme Court overturns the draft evasion conviction of Muhammad Ali.

Richard Nixon announces that no new draftees will be sent to Vietnam.

The first women enter the U.S. Air Force Academy.

Thanks toNaval Historical society
Search for Titanic Turns Out to be a Top-Secret Cold War Cover Story

The mission in 1985 was straightforward: Scour the depths of the Atlantic Ocean to locate the resting place of the Titanic.
But even some members of the crew had no idea of the top-secret classification of their search or its true aim: to find and inspect the only two U.S. nuclear submarines lost during the Cold War.
"We were able to pull it off under the noses of everybody," said maritime archaeologist Robert Ballard, a former Navy Reserve officer who is credited with finding the legendary ocean liner that sank in 1912.
"Titanic: The Untold Story," a new exhibit at the National Geographic Museum, tells how the Navy directed Mr. Ballard to find two nuclear-powered attack submarines that had sunk in the 1960s: the USS Scorpion and the USS Thresher.
            In the 1980s, Mr. Ballard was working at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, a nonprofit research outfit where he designed and created an unmanned robotic camera system capable of using sonar to scan the ocean floor. He called it the Argo.
            The Navy turned down his 1982 request for funding for an Argo-led search for the Titanic. Instead, the naval service agreed to finance a reconnaissance mission for its lost submarines, after which Mr. Ballard could look for the sunken cruise ship. He was placed on temporary active naval duty and in charge of the civilian-manned, highly classified search.
            "We had people aboard who were not cleared, and they literally were sitting above the Scorpion not knowing it for over a week while we were working in a room that was sealed off," said Mr. Ballard, 75.
            What happened to the Thresher was clear: All 129 on board died when it sank in 1963 during deep-diving trials. Still a mystery was the case of the Skipjack-class Scorpion. The Navy wanted to find out whether foul play was involved when the Scorpion sank in 1968 and whether the Soviets had been to the site and removed nuclear material from the sunken sub.
            "What I discovered when I was mapping the Scorpion was that when it imploded, the current carried away the lighter material," creating a long trail of debris, Mr. Ballard said. "I gambled that the same thing happened to the Titanic, and I thought, 'Let's not look for the Titanic. Let's look for stuff that would have come off of it.'"
            Using the Argo, the Ballard expedition discovered the wreck of the Titanic in 1985, the same year President Reagan and Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev met for the first time in Geneva in the midst of the Cold War.
            The following year, Mr. Ballard told the world that he and his team were building technology to go inside the Titanic and descend its grand staircase.
            That was a cover for another mission to determine whether the nuclear submarines had released radioactive contaminants into the ocean.
            "Embedded in my team were naval personnel that many on our team didn't know were naval personnel, but I was training them," Mr. Ballard said.
            The Cold War mission is not the only untold story in National Geographic's latest display, which includes tales about the men and women who survived and died during the Titanic's maiden voyage in April 1912.
            There's the "lucky" coat Marion Wright Woolcott wore when she stepped into a lifeboat. The young Englishwoman was traveling by herself on the White Star Line to be married in the United States. She was married in the coat she wore during her rescue, and she used it to make Bible covers for each of her three sons before they went off to fight in World War II. All three sons survived.
            There's a fragment from the toy pig Edith Russell clung to as the 1,178 lifeboat spaces for the 2,224 people on the sinking ship began to fill up. A sailor grabbed the pig from under Edith's arm, said, "If you don't want to be saved, I'll save your baby," and tossed the pig into one of the lifeboats. Thinking of her mother, who gave her the toy, Edith jumped down after it.
            "It's very visceral seeing these personal effects," said Kathryn Keane, director of the National Geographic Museum. "Every time we open the book, we learn something new."
With our thanks to THE Bear at  
June 28, 2018    Bear Taylor   
RIPPLE SALVO… #845…  "KHESAHN DECISION CALLED MILITARY"… (Reuters, 27 Jun 68)… "THE WHITE HOUSE PRESS SECRETARY, GEORGE CHRISTIAN, SAID TODAY THE ABANDONMENT OF KHESANH WAS A MILITARY DECISION AND HAD NOT BEEN MADE BY PRESIDENT JOHNSON. Reporters had asked if Mr. Johnson had made the decision and had recalled speeches in which he spoke of Khesanh as a symbol of Untied States determination to carry on the war."….   but first…
GOOD MORNING…Day EIGHT HUNDRED FORTY-FIVE of a contribution to the 50th Anniversary of the Vietnam War…
HEAD LINES from The New York Times on Friday, 28 June 1968…
THE WAR: Page 1: "UNITS NEAR SAIGON FIND 126 ROCKETS–3 ENEMY CACHES UNEARTHED IN DIKES OF RICE PADDIES–Clash Flares at Quangtri"… "Enough rockets to mount the war's heaviest shelling of Saigon were found yesterday in rice paddles 13 miles northwest of the capital, a spokesman said. The rockets, 126 of them, and other munitions were unearthed by South Vietnamese infantrymen in three caches along the series of dikes. they were covered only by a thin blanket of earth….Presumably, the seizure of the munitions dealt a blow to the enemy troops in the capital district… the South Vietnamese National Police said that for the seventh successive night no rockets or mortar shells fell on Saigon…Longan and Dongha were shelled… In a clash 19 miles west of Saigon troops of the United States Ninth Infantry Division reported having killed 42 of the enemy. American losses were 11 killed in action."… Page 2: "WEEKLY CASUALTY REPORT: The military command reported that United States combat deaths totaled 299 in the week ended last Saturday (24th). this was the lowest fatality rate since the week ended last April 20 when 287 Americans died in combat. In the latest casualty figures 1,184 Americans were wounded seriously enough to be treated in hospitals and 1,036 were less seriously wounded. The deaths brought the number of Americans killed in action since Jan. 1, 1961, to 25,367. The number seriously wounded rose to 82,972."…
PEACE TALKS: Page 2: "DELEGATES IN PARIS SILENT ON 2 REPORTS"…"Neither the American nor the North Vietnamese delegations to the talks on Vietnam would comment on two interviews printed in the last 24 hours that purported to represent North Vietnam's views. Reliable NVN sources declined to endorse either interview. The first, printed in the Far East Economic Review, the left-wing Australian journalist Wilfred Burchett said that Hanoi would be willing to accept a neutral South Vietnam that would inevitably be run by a Communist-oriented Government. The second interview was given The New York Times by David Dellinger, editor of the Liberation magazine in New York and a leader of campaigns to end the war in Vietnam."… Page 1: "MOSCOW OFFERS TO START TALKS ON MISSILE CURB–Gromyko Tells Parliament Soviet Is Ready To Meet On 1967 Proposal–Broad Treaty Is Urged–Russian Insists It Would Limit Both Defensive and Offensive Systems"… Page 1: "U.S. ENCOURAGED BY SOVIET STAND–Expected to Seek an Early Meeting On Missiles"…
STATE DEPARTMENT. Office of Historian. Historical Document. Foreign Relations. 1964-68. Document 286. Telegram from Peace delegate #2 Cyrus Vance detailing a long conversation with the Soviet Ambassador Zorin in Paris, who suggests US unconditionally cease bombing of North Vietnam and "trust" NVN to follow with a reciprocal de-escalation move… Insight into the slow pace of diplomatic negotiations… Read at:
Page 1: "CRONYISM SCORED ON SUPREME COURT CHOICES–JOHNSON ASSAILED IN THE SENATE FOR NAMING TWO OLD FRIENDS–FILIBUSTER PLAN GAINS"… "… Senate Republicans promised a filibuster, if necessary to block the confirmation of Associate Justice Abe Fortas as Chief Justice and Federal Judge Homer Thornberry of Texas as Associate Justice. Justice Fortas and Judge Thornberry are two of President Johnson's oldest and closest friends. The President nominated yesterday Justice Fortas to succeed Chief Justice Earl Warren, who is retiring, and Judge Thornberry to succeed Justice Fortas as Associate Justice. A group of 18 Republicans laid plans for a filibuster…" Page 1: "FRANCE SEES DISCRIMINATION IN U.S. TRADE RETALIATION"… Page 1: "JOHNSON SUBMITS PLAN FOR VOTING FOR 18-YEAR-OLDS–Sends Congress Amendment To Assure Nation's Youth That They are To Be Trusted"… Page 1: "SENATE PANEL DELAYS ACTION ON GUN CURBS UNTIL JULY 9–Move Seen as Victory For Opponents Of Stiff Controls–Tydings of Maryland Leading Figure–Calls Vote real Defeat"… Page 1: "JAMES EARL RAY TELLS COURT HE IS NOT GUILTY IN DR. KING DEATH–U.S. Says At London Hearing His Fingerprints Were On The Rifle and Binoculars–Extradition Case is On–Detective Asserts Suspect Said After Arrest, 'God I Feel So Trapped.'" …Page 2: "UNIVERSITY CAMPUS LEADERS TO REFUSE DRAFT–1000 FOES OF WAR IN VIETNAM SIGN STUDENT GROUP PLEDGE"…
28 JUNE 1968…OPERATION ROLLING THUNDER the air war over North Vietnam…New York Times (29 Jun reporting 28 Jun ops) Page 2: "In other air action, American pilots flew 138 missions over the southern part of North Vietnam. No aircraft were reported lost. Ten boats, six antiaircraft sites, 13 trucks and a number of bridges and highways were reported destroyed in the air attacks."…VIETNAM: AIR LOSSES (Chris Hobson) There was one fixed wing aircraft lost in Southeast Asia on 28 June 1968…
(1) MAJOR PAUL FREDERICK JOHNS was flying an A-1H of the 6th ACS and 14th ACW out of Pleiku on an armed reconnaissance mission southeast of the A Shau Valley and was downed by ground fire attacking a truck with napalm. He failed to abandon the aircraft before it crashed. Major Johns was listed as missing in action for the duration of the war during which he was promoted to Colonel. Unfortunately, he remains missing and his status had been changed to presumed killed in action and the search for his remains apparently continues…he has been left behind for fifty years. He is remembered on this 50th anniversary of his final flight with respect and admiration for his sacrifice and his families endurance over five decades awaiting a return of his remains…
1965… NONE…
1966… NONE…
1968… NONE…
Humble Host notes the 51st anniversary of Vice Admiral Lawrence's date with destiny and his North Vietnamese captors, along with about 600 other Rolling Thunder warriors in the prison hostel labeled Hanoi Hilton. For the duration of more than five years of torture, beatings, solitary confinement, and a full array of inhumane treatment by the North Vietnamese, Vice Admiral Lawrence was firm in his resistance to his captors to establish a standard of conduct that won him the admiration of his fellow prisoners. One came away convinced that then Commander Lawrence  was 'the greatest man I've ever known…" …Vice Admiral Lawrence was indeed a giant of a man and Humble Host treasures our shared memories as Tailhookers…  Rest in Peace dear friend and mentor…    
RIPPLE SALVO… #845… NYT, 28-JUN-68, Page 2, by Gene Roberts:
"DECISION TO ABANDON KHESANH EXPLAINED–U.S. Aides Say Position Is No Longer So Valuable On War"…
"When an enemy force estimated at two divisions began closing in on the Marine combat base at Khesanh 5 1/2 months ago, the United States military command decided that the little known outpost was far too important to lose. It set in motion one of history's most intensive aerial bombardments and rushed 4,000 men to help the defending Marine battalion. For ten weeks the allied force endured a daily barrage of enemy rockets and artillery shells and defending planes pounded the area with 220 million pounds of bombs. The enemy assault never came. Then, this week, with no more advance warning that it gave when it rushed reinforcements to Khesanh, the military began dismantling bunkers and blowing up trenches as part of a plan to abandon the base.
"Why, if Khesanh was worth defending earlier this year at such a heavy cost, is the military abandoning it now?…Does the decision have major strategic implications? And does it mean that the allies are conceding the northernmost corner of South Vietnam, where Khesanh is situated, to the enemy?
"These questions were being asked repeatedly in Saigon today. And the military command, having pondered for weeks whether to abandon the outpost, was ready with not one but many reasons for its decision. 'One of the major points to keep in mind is that the military situation around Khesanh has changed drastically since the first two or three months of this year,' a general who serves on the command staff in Saigon said. 'And when the situation changes, you ought to change your tactics. He said that in January, Khesanh was at the 'crossroads' of several key enemy infiltration routes into South Vietnam from North Vietnam and Laos. But in the past first months, he continued, the enemy has opened up still more routes.  As a result Khesanh was no longer as valuable as it once was in trying to check infiltration, he said.
"Now that the number of routes has increased, according to this general, the best way to cope with infiltration is with a 'mobile defense'–that is, several battalions that move from route to route in an attempt to find and destroy the enemy. 'This wasn't possible until recently because we just didn't have the manpower for it in I Corps (the five northernmost provinces of South Vietnam),' he went on. 'But we've got a lot more men up there now. We've sent in two extra Army Divisions, one additional Marine regiment and a Korean Marine brigade since January.'
"The general also said that it 'doesn't make sense' to tie up a Marine battalion in defending Khesanh in order to use it as a supply center for servicing mobile troops. He said that this function could be taken over by other installations in the general area–such as Camp Stud, which, unlike Khesanh, is beyond the 17-mile range of the enemy artillery in the demilitarized zone at the border between North Vietnam and South Vietnam. 'Or, if we need to,' the general went on, 'we can set up temporary base camps wherever we need them.'
"We certainly aren't abandoning the northernmost corner of Vietnam to the enemy in leaving Khesanh,' the general said. "We can defend it better with mobile operations than we can by staying on at Khesanh. Khesanh was in the way. It was tying us down.' Another high military official said that even if Khesanh had not been considered important in January, it would have been difficult to withdraw with two divisions in the area. 'They could have moved and hit us as we were withdrawing,' he said. 'We would have been very vulnerable.'
"The United States command was also concerned in January about the psychological effects on a withdrawal. Most of the leading American generals felt that world opinion would have considered it a sign of weakness and collapse if Khesanh were abandoned under siege. But once the siege was lifted, these same generals saw no reason for staying.
"Not a few military officials are delighted. They say that the terrain at Khesanh is not ideally suited for a combat base. It is in a valley, which makes it vulnerable to artillery and mortar attack once the enemy sizes the high ground. 'I don't think we ever really planned to have a base in the first place,' a colonel said. 'In the beginning, we just had a small Special Forces camp there, and then the marines came in. After that, the enemy surrounded it, we responded, and all of a sudden we had five to six thousand men there.' The colonel was asked if he believed that the command was wrong in defending Khesanh, as critics in Congress and in the public in general were suggesting at the height of the siege in February and March.
'Hell, no,' the colonel said. 'We killed many, many more of their troops than we lost our self. We showed them that if we wanted to hold Khesanh we could do it.'
"While the command has American casualties at 800 wounded and evacuated during the siege estimates of enemy casualties have varied widely. The command now places the 'body count' at 2,500, although General William Westmoreland, the former commanding general here, once estimated that 15,000 had been killed. Officials were asked if this month's departure of General Westmoreland, who ordered the defense of Khesanh in January, had everything to do with the decision to abandon it. Several said it did not. "Several weeks before he left, he asked General Cushman (Lieut. Gen. Robert Cushman, the Marine commander in the I Corps area) to study the Khesanh situation,' a general said. 'Cushman's recommendation was accepted.'
"Many Marine officers have contended from the start that they should not be tied to 'static defense' positions such as Khesanh, but should instead be free to pursue the enemy without having many permanent base camps to protect. While the Marines appear to have won their way at Khesanh, one Army official said it was not likely that the allies would abandon the seven other installations within the range of enemy artillery in the demilitarized zone. He said that most of them were on high ground that the command would not want to turn over to the enemy. 'Khesanh was always different,' he said. 'It was an exception.'… "…. End Gene Roberts…
TOMORROW: "Hanoi Ridicules U.S. Over Khesanh–Spokesman In Paris Asserts Withdrawal From Base Is 'Gravest Defeat' of War"…
RTR Quote for 28 June: VICE ADMIRAL BILL LAWRENCE: "Bravery is not the absence of fear; it's the ability to keep going in the presence of fear. Never give up."… oohrah….
Lest we forget…       Bear
Thanks to Dennis and Ray
Funny one, Ray. . .forwarding!
On 06/27/2018 07:52 PM, ray mahr wrote:
       I think all sports fans will get a kick out of this letter written to the Chicago Tribune.... Enjoy !
       No matter which side you are on in the matter of renaming the Washington Redskins, this is funny. This guy is hilarious...

Here is an e-mail sent to Clarence Page of the Chicago Tribune after an article he published concerning a name change for the Washington Redskins.

      Dear Mr. Page:  I agree with our Native American population.
       I am highly insulted by the racially charged name of the Washington Redskins.
       One might argue that to name a professional football team after Native Americans would exalt them as fine warriors, but nay, nay.
       We must be careful not to offend, and in the spirit of political correctness and courtesy, we must move forward.

      Let's ditch the Kansas City Chiefs, the Atlanta Braves and the Cleveland Indians.  If your shorts are in a wad because of the reference the name Redskins makes to skin color, then we need to get rid of the Cleveland Browns.

      The Carolina Panthers obviously were named to keep the memory of militant Blacks from the 60's alive.  Gone.  It's offensive to us white folk.

        The New York Yankees offend the Southern population.  Do you see a team named for the Confederacy?  No!
       There is no room for any reference to that tragic war that cost this country so many young men's lives.
       I am also offended by the blatant references to the Catholic religion among our sports team names.
      Totally inappropriate to have the New Orleans Saints, the Los Angeles Angels or the San Diego Padres.

      Then there are the team names that glorify criminals who raped and pillaged.
      We are talking about the horrible Oakland Raiders, the Minnesota Vikings, the Tampa Bay Buccaneers and the Pittsburgh Pirates!

      Now, let us address those teams that clearly send the wrong message to our children.
     The San Diego Chargers promote irresponsible fighting or even spending habits.  Wrong message to our children.

       The New York Giants and the San Francisco Giants promote obesity, a growing childhood epidemic.  Wrong message to our children.
       The Cincinnati Reds promote downers/barbiturates.  Wrong message to our children.

       The Milwaukee Brewers.  Well that goes without saying.  Wrong message to our children.

       So, there you go.  We need to support any legislation that comes out to rectify this travesty, because the government will likely become involved with this issue, as they should.
      Just the kind of thing the do-nothing Congress loves.

      As a diehard Oregon State fan, my wife and I, with all of this in mind, suggest it might also make some sense to change the name of the Oregon State women's athletic teams to something other than "the Beavers (especially when they play Southern California. 
      Do we really want the Trojans sticking it to the Beavers)???
      I always love your articles and I generally agree with them. 
      As for the Redskins name I would suggest they change the name to the "Foreskins" to better represent their community, paying tribute to the d^&k heads in Congress.
Cheers--- Ray
Item Number:1 Date: 06/28/2018 AUSTRALIA - TRITON UAVS TO COMPLEMENT P-8A AIRCRAFT FOR MARITIME SURVEILLANCE (JUN 28/ADOD)  AUSTRALIAN DEPT. OF DEFENSE -- The Australian government is moving forward with plans to acquire long-range unmanned aerial vehicles to supplement its new fleet of P-8A Poseidon maritime patrol aircraft, reports the Australian Dept. of Defense.   An initial Aus$1.4 billion (US$1 billion) investment will cover the acquisition of the first of six MQ-4C Triton UAVs through a cooperative program with the U.S. Navy.   About Aus$200 million (US$148 million) covers development, production and sustainment of the Triton. Another Aus$364 million (US$269 million) will go toward ground-control systems, training and new facilities at RAAF Base Edinburg and RAAF Base Tindal.   The estimated total cost for the project is US$5.1 billion.   The Northrop Grumman Triton has an endurance of up to 24 hours and is equipped with sensors that are capable of surveying 2,000 miles (3,700 km) of terrain, reported the Voice of America News.   The Triton will be used in cooperation with 12 P-8A Poseidon maritime patrol aircraft for long-range operations, search-and-rescue, anti-submarine warfare and intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance missions. Seven P-8As have been delivered, with all 12 to be in service by 2022.   The aircraft will replace the aging AP-3C Orion patrol aircraft, reported the South China Morning Post.   The first Triton air vehicle is scheduled to enter service in mid-2023. All six aircraft are expected to be delivered and operational by late 2025.   The Triton fleet will be based at RAAF Base in Edinburgh in southern Australia
Item Number:4 Date: 06/28/2018 INDONESIA - POLITICIAN KILLED, 2 OFFICERS MISSING AFTER ATTACK IN PAPUA (JUN 28/JAK)  JAKARTA POST -- A local politician has been killed and two police officers are missing after separatists opened fire on election officials in the eastern Indonesian province of Papua, reports the Jakarta Post.   The head of Torere district Obaja Foaro and nine police officers were traveling from a polling station to Torere with completed ballots when they were fired on by unidentified attackers.   Foaro was killed and two officers were missing after falling into the water, a Papua police chief said on Thursday. It was not clear if the officers had been shot, noted Agence France-Presse.   The incident came days after another deadly separatist attack in the province.   On Monday, three people were killed in a shooting at a small airport in Papua's Nduga district. The attackers targeted a plane carrying election materials.   Indonesia gained control of Papua following a controversial 1969 referendum, noted Reuters. Separatist groups on the island have been active since.  
  Item Number:5 Date: 06/28/2018 IRAN - URANIUM ENRICHMENT RESUMES AFTER 9 YEARS AT ISFAHAN PLANT (JUN 28/REU)  REUTERS -- The government of Iran has ordered a dormant nuclear plant to resume operations in case negotiations with European countries to save the multinational nuclear agreement fail, reports Reuters.   On Wednesday, the Iranian agency in charge of atomic energy said it had ordered one of its plants in Isfahan to resume the production of uranium hexafluoride (UF6), which feeds centrifuge machines that enrich uranium.   The factory had been closed since 2009 due to a lack of uranium ore, known as yellow cake. The facility recently received a fresh shipment of ore.   International Atomic Energy Agency, the U.N. nuclear watchdog, said on June 5 that it was informed of the decision by Iran.   Such enrichment is allowed under the Iran nuclear deal, which allows Iran to enrich uranium up to 3.67 percent. Stocks of enriched UF6 are limited to 660 pounds (300 kg) under the agreement.   The announcement comes as Iranian negotiators are working with their British, French and German counterparts to save the Iranian nuclear deal. President Donald Trump announced in May that he would be withdrawing the U.S. from the Iran nuclear deal and re-imposing sanctions on Tehran.   The U.S. is expected to start re-imposing sanctions on Iran in August, with more to follow in November.  
Item Number:8 Date: 06/28/2018 LIBYA - COURT SENTENCES BENGHAZI ATTACKER TO 22 YEARS (JUN 28/NPR)  NATIONAL PUBLIC RADIO -- A U.S. court has handed down a sentence to the first defendant charged with the 2012 attacks on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi, Libya, that killed four Americans, including Ambassador Christopher Stevens, reports NPR News.   On Wednesday, a district court in Washington, D.C., handed down a 22-year prison sentence to Libyan militant Ahmed Abu Khatallah.   Khatallah was found guilty of conspiracy and providing support for terrorism in November 2017. He was captured in Libya by U.S. forces in 2014, noted CNN.   Prosecutors argued that Khatallah was the mastermind of the deadly September 2012 attacks. However, the jury acquitted him of 14 of 18 charges.   Khatallah's 22-year sentence was lighter than the maximum allowable punishment of life in prison, a length allowed because of the link between his crimes and terrorism.   Mustafa al-Imam is also standing trial in connection to the attack.  
  Item Number:16 Date: 06/28/2018 USA - REAPER UAVS TAKE ON MORE ROLES AS PREDATOR NEARS RETIREMENT (JUN 28/WARMAV)  WARRIOR MAVEN -- The U.S. Air Force is expanding the capabilities of its MQ-9 Reaper unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in preparation for the retirement of its MQ-1 Predator drones, reports the Warrior Maven.   The hardware and software enhancements will allow the Reaper to be more effective in a wider range of missions. One potential upgrade is the universal weapons interface, which would enable faster integration of new weapons technology and support the rapid swapping or replacement of bombs.   Among the new weapons being considered for the Reaper is the GBU-39B Small Diameter Bomb, according to a senior Air Force weapons developer. The 250-pound (113-kg) munition has a 40-mile (64-km) glide range. Four GBU-39Bs fit within one "smart weapons carrier."   The Reaper currently carries AGM-114 Hellfire missiles, the GBU-12 Paveway II 500 lb laser-guided weapon and Joint Direct Attack Munitions (JDAMs).   The retirement of the Predator and transition to an all-Reaper fleet is expected to be completed by the end of 2018, according to Air Force officials.

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