Tuesday, June 5, 2018

Fw: TheList 4737

The List 4737                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            TGB

To All,
I hope that your week has started well.
This day in Naval History
June 5
1794—The first officers of the U.S. Navy under the new United States Constitution are appointed: John Barry, Samuel Nicholson, Silas Talbot, Joshua Barney, Richard Dale, and Thomas Truxtun. They are also asked to supervise the construction of new ships.
1917—USS Jupiter (AC 3), which transports the First Naval Aeronautical Detachment, arrives at Pauillac, France prior to World War I. The men are commanded by Lt. Kenneth Whiting. USS Jupiter (AC 1) is later converted into the Navy's first aircraft carrier USS Langley (CV 1).
1944—USS Puffer (SS 268) attacks a Japanese convoy in the Sulu Sea and sinks underway replenishment vessel Ashizuri and oiler Takasaki while also damaging tanker No.2 Hishi Maru, north-east of Borneo. Also on this date, USS Shark (SS 314) sinks Japanese transport Tamahime Maru and army transport Takaoka Maru west of the Mariana Islands.
1945—A typhoon hits while Task Group 38.1 and Task Group 30.8 are off the coast of Okinawa. Task Group 38.1 passes through the eye of the storm at 7 a.m. that morning.
2013—USNS Millinocket (JHSV 3) is launched in Mobile, AL. The Joint High Speed Vessel is a non-combatant transport operated by Military Sealift Command. 
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
Top national news includes reports of a suspect linked to four Arizona homicides killing himself, and President Trump's cancellation of the Super Bowl champion Philadelphia Eagles' White House visit. Reuters reports that the United States is considering sending a warship through the Taiwan Strait. The potential move comes during a moment of heightened tension as China has been ramping up military exercises around the island of Taiwan. Iran's top leader said he had ordered preparations to increase uranium enrichment capacity if a nuclear deal with world powers falls apart after the US withdrawal, reports Reuters. Additionally, speaking at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, Marine Corps Lt. Gen. Robert Walsh spoke on the importance of giving future amphibs increased offensive and defensive capabilities, reports Defense Daily.
Today in History June 5
Members of the First Crusade witness an eclipse of the moon and interpret it as a sign they will recapture Jerusalem.
Ferdinand, the Duke of Alba, crushes the Calvinist insurrection in Ghent.
Henry IV's army defeats the Spanish at the Battle of Fontaine-Francaise.
American settlers in New England massacre a Pequot Indian village.
Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier make the first public balloon flight.
The U.S. Congress prohibits citizens from serving in any foreign armed forces.
Athens falls to Ottoman forces.
Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes the first installment of Uncle Tom's Cabin in The National Era.
U.S. Army troops in the Four creeks region of California, head back to quarters, officially ending the Tule River War. Fighting, however, will continue for a few more years.
The Confederate raider CSS Alabama captures the Talisman in the Mid-Atlantic.
The Republican National Convention, the first major political party convention to include blacks, commences.
Wild woman of the west Myra Maybelle Shirley marries Sam Starr even though records show she was already married to Bruce Younger.
British troops under Lord Roberts seize Pretoria from the Boers.
The German army begins its offensive in Southern France.
The first B-29 bombing raid strikes the Japanese rail line in Bangkok, Thailand.
Secretary of State George C. Marshall outlines "The Marshall Plan," a program intended to assist European nations, including former enemies, to rebuild their economies.
Premier Nikita Khrushchev denounces Josef Stalin to the Soviet Communist Party Congress.
The Six-Day War between Israel and Egypt, Syria and Jordan begins.
Sirhan Sirhan shoots Democratic presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy after Kennedy's victory in the pivotal California primary election.
Doris A. Davis becomes the first African-American woman to govern a city in a major metropolitan area when she is elected mayor of Compton, California.
Former U.S. President Ronald Reagan dies at age 93. Reagan was the 40th president of the United States.
The Battle of Midway 76th Commemoration week is here. The "Sea of White" ceremony will be held at 9:00 this morning at the U.S. Navy Memorial and, if you can't be there, you can watch Navy Live blog coverage at http://navylive.dodlive.mil/2018/06/04/2018-sea-of-white-ceremony-commemorates-battle-of-midway/. Find out about other events in this report.
Speaking of Midway, NHHC has released a Midway Historical Overview Video on the Battle of Midway Commemoration webpage. The video uses World War II file footage to convey the importance of the U.S. Navy's efforts at Midway (https://www.history.navy.mil/browse-by-topic/commemorations-toolkits/wwii-75/battle-of-midway/digital-resources.html).
Thanks to Dutch. Another interesting piece of history I had not seen before.
A great deal has been made of 'the sole survivor' of Torpedo EIGHT VT-8 which was embarked in USS HORNET during the battle of Midway.  In fact, three members of VT-8 survived; ENS Gay who flew from HORNET and two others who flew from Midway Island itself.
VT-8 in HORNET was flying the obsolete Douglas TBD Devastator.  When HORNET sailed from the US to join the war in the Pacific, VT-8 left a detachment in Norfolk to get some of the squadron's replacements for the obsolete Devastator, the new Grumman TBF-1 AVENGER , a larger and longer-range aircraft.
After it received those aircraft, that detachment headed west to join HORNET, BUT they arrived at Pearl the day after HORNET sailed.  Nonetheless, a squadron detachment of 6 of the aircraft was sent to Midway Island to make the fight from there. 
All 6 aircraft flew against the Japanese carriers.  Only one aircraft survived; it returned to Midway Island, very badly shot up with damaged landing gear and flight controls.  The pilot, ENS Albert Ernest, and the radioman, Radioman Second Class Harry Ferrier (later retired as CDR Ferrier) survived; the rear gunner was killed.
The aircraft had sustained such great damage – hit by about ten 20mm cannon projectiles and over 60 7.7 machine gun bullets and survived - that the Navy shipped it back to CONUS for an engineering investigation.
One of the best books I've read about VT-8 – its role in the Battle of Midway and more - is "A Dawn Like Thunder" by Robert J. Mrazek
Thanks to Jon. This part of the battle is not very well known.
Marine Aviators at the Battle of Midway
By Mike Johnson
Early June, 1942
The Japanese Empire was at the height of its expansion. One last, insignificant possession of the United States remained to be cleared from the western Pacific Ocean. A mighty Japanese fleet was steaming to do battle and capture Midway. If things went truly well, the Japanese would lure the American fleet into a decisive naval engagement. There was little doubt, at least in Tokyo, that the numerically superior, better-equipped, and much more experienced Japanese fleet would be triumphant.
The Japanese fleet included four of the aircraft carriers that had performed so ably at Pearl Harbor: the Akagi, the Hiryu, the Kaga, and the Soryu. These were accompanied by two huge battleships: the Haruna and the Kirishima. They proceeded as an integrated battle group, their speed constrained by the top speed of the battleships. The time advantage conceded to the Americans would prove costly.
The Japanese had planned on all six carriers from the Pearl Harbor raid, but Shokaku had been badly damaged at the Battle of the Coral Sea in early May. Zuikaku, while not damaged herself, had lost most of her planes and pilots and been forced to return to Japan for refitting. The United States lost the carrier USS Lexington. The Japanese were forced to turn back from their planned invasion of Port Moresby, so the Battle of the Coral Sea was a strategic victory for the Americans. Material loses on both sides, while certainly not trivial, were not decisive.
The Japanese were seeking a decisive victory at Midway.
So were the Americans.
The U.S. forces were deployed in two Task Forces. TF16, under Rear Admiral Spruance, had two carriers, the USS Hornet and the USS Enterprise. TF17, under Rear Admiral Fletcher, had the carrier USS Yorktown.
The fleets were on converging courses to history.
Midway Defenses
The defenses at Midway were meager, cobbled together quickly at the outbreak of hostilities -- the perfect metaphor for the American lack of preparedness prior to WWII.
The defenses included:
•           Ground Assets - Sixth Marine Defense Battalion (reinforced).
•           Naval Assets - Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron 1 (MTBRon 1) with eight PT
•           Air Assets - Army Air Force - Seventh Army Air Force Detachment with four
B-26 Martin Marauders and 19 B-17 Flying Fortresses.
•           Air Assets - Marine - Marine Fighting Squadron 221 (VMF-221 with 20 F2A-3
Brewster Buffalos and seven F4F-3 Grumman Wildcats) and Marine Scout Bombing Squadron 241 (VMSB-241 with 11 SB2U-3 Vought Vindicators and 16
SBD-2 Douglas Dauntlesses).
The Marine aviators would carry the brunt of the early fighting. VMF-221 would attack the incoming Japanese aircraft, estimated at 108 planes, 36 level bombers, 36 dive bombers, and 36 fighters. VMSB-241 would attack the Japanese surface fleet.
Marine Scout Bombing Squadron 241 VMSB-241 was equipped with dive bombers,
11 SB2U-3 Vought Vindicators, and 16 SBD-2 Douglas Dauntlesses. The SBD-2s and ten of the squadron's pilots arrived on Midway on 26 May 1942. Many of the pilots were untrained in dive-bombing, some had never flown their new aircraft, and gasoline was in short supply. Pilot training was a key concern going into the action.
The Vought SB2U-3 Vindicator
The Douglas SBD-2 Dauntless
Maj. Lofton R. Henderson, the commanding officer of the VMSB-241 attack, divided his planes into two groups. He led the first group, comprising 16 SBD-2s. The second group, comprising 11 SB2U-3s, was led by Maj. Benjamin Norris. The planes would attack by glide-bombing because of the lack of training in dive-bombing. They took off at approximately 0630 hours on 4 June 1942. The SBD-2s attacked a Kaga-class carrier. The after-action report indicates that the carrier was hit three times and badly damaged.
Later damage assessment would show that the attack had resulted in near misses but no direct hits. The SB2U-3s attacked the battleship Haruna. As in the case of the carrier, there were near misses but no direct hits.
All of the personnel of VMSB-241 performed in the best tradition of the Marines. They flew against overwhelming odds and aggressively attacked.
Half of the aviators were killed, including Maj. Henderson and Maj. Norris.
Total casualties were approximately 70%.
Those of you who have read of the battles and sacrifices on Guadalcanal know of the central role played by the airfield Henderson Field, named after Maj. Lofton R. Henderson.
Marine Fighting Squadron 221
VMF-221 consisted of 20 F2A-3 Brewster Buffalos and seven F4F-3 Grumman Wildcats. The Brewster Buffalo was no match for the Japanese Zero and was being phased out in favor of the Grumman Wildcat. At the time of the battle, most of the squadron's planes were Buffalos. The squadron's pilots were experienced in peacetime, but they had no combat experience.
The Brewster F2A Buffalo
The Grumman F4F-3 Wildcat
Maj. Floyd B. Parks divided VMF-221 into two flights. He led the first flight, comprising 12 Buffalos, directly to the incoming Japanese. One of the 12 developed mechanical problems and had to return to base. Only one of the remaining 11 Buffalos survived. Maj. Parks and eight other pilots died.
Capt. Kirk Armistead led the second flight, comprising eight Buffalos and seven Wildcats. The second flight lost an additional four pilots and planes.
The after-action report filed by Capt. Armistead shows that VMF-221 inflicted serious losses on the enemy. Capt. Armistead included the following tribute:
The F2A-3 is sadly out-classed in all respects by the Japanese 00 Fighters.
Although all pilots of this squadron were aware of this fact, they drove their attack home with daring and skill.
The Japanese air attack did not achieve its goals because of VMF-221 and the ground defenses, and a second attack had to be mounted. In the confusion, with fuel and ammunition on the flight decks, the Japanese carriers were extremely vulnerable to air attack. Enter the American carrier planes.
The Naval Battle
In any short treatment of a consequential and complex event, much detail must be omitted. This essay concentrates on the Marine aviators from the ground bases at Midway. The Navy aviators from the three American carriers were faced with similar difficulties to what the Marines endured. They were vastly outnumbered, with less experience and lesser performance aircraft.
They, like the Marines, attacked without question and with great courage.
It was the Navy aviators who got through and destroyed all four Japanese carriers.
The following is from remarks given by former Secretary of Defense James R.
Schlesinger at a Battle of Midway commemorative dinner on 5 June 2003Through an extraordinary combination of the skill and courage of our pilots, splendid intelligence, prudent risk-taking by our commanders that paid off, and sheer good luck, the apparently inferior American forces were victorious. This victory occurred despite the inferiority of our aircraft, the ineffectiveness of our torpedoes, the substantial absence of backup surface ships, and our overall numerical inferiority. You know the rest!
Four Japanese carriers had been sunk. It all confirmed the dictum of Otto von Bismarck: "the Lord God has special providence for fools, drunkards, and the United States of America." The Japanese offensive had now been blunted. The Japanese fleet turned back toward the Home Islands and the opportunity for victory had been lost forever.
The cost was high. Each of the three American carriers lost about 50% of its aircraft. Hornet lost 32 planes and 37 aviators. Enterprise lost 32 planes and 51 aviators. Yorktown lost 31 planes and 23 aviators. Yorktown was badly damaged by enemy aircraft and later sunk by a submarine, with a significant loss of life.
In Memoriam
The Old Burying Yard at Kittery Point is idyllically situated on the rugged coast of Maine. It is a small cemetery, maybe two hundred graves, on a granite outcropping overlooking the entrance to the Piscataqua River, Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, and Portsmouth Harbor. Many of the monuments are set off with American flags, signifying veterans, such as the gravestone shown below:
The simple stone is the marker for the Alvord family: Henry, Margaret, and their son John. The ever-encroaching lichen partially covers the inscription "IN LOVING MEMORY."
John Robert Alvord was a United States Marine, a captain, an aviator, and a warrior. He flew Brewster Buffalo MF3 of VMF-221 and fought and died at the Battle of Midway.
Captain Alvord posthumously received the Navy Cross "for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession." The Navy Cross is the second-highest medal of valor, the highest being the Congressional Medal of Honor. Twenty-two other pilots of Captain Alvord's squadron also received the Navy Cross, mostly posthumously.
Each year between Memorial Day and 4 June, I take the short drive up the coast to Kittery Point and visit the Alvord memorial. It is a time of reflection, patriotism, and pride in honor of those brave men and women who have served and continue to serve. Thank you.
Mike Johnson is a concerned citizen, a small-government conservative, and a live-free-or-die resident of New Hampshire. E-mail mnosnhoj@comcast.net.
Thanks to Dr. Rich
We have this RR bridge in Durham, NC, it is only 11 feet 8 inches tall, motorists are 
warned, but do they head the warning, noooooo…and this is what happens.  
The man with the camera at his office has become very rich posting these, 
some times as many as 3 in one day … as they all go viral ...
  Item Number:2 Date: 06/05/2018 GERMANY - MERKEL EXPRESSES SUPPORT FOR JOINT E.U. MILITARY FORCE (JUN 05/POLITICO)  POLITICO -- German Chancellor Angela Merkel has announced support for a joint European defense force, reports Politico.eu.   Merkel made her remarks on Sunday in an interview with the Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung.   French President Emmanuel Macron has proposed a combined European Union military force that could be deployed to trouble spots around the world.   Both Macron and Merkel are in favor of inviting the U.K., which has the E.U.'s second-largest military, to join the force after it leaves the E.U.   The initiative aims to strengthen defense cooperation between European states and would involve joint strategic action in military deployment. The number of different E.U. weapon systems could be reduced from 180 to around 30, she said.   Merkel also proposed a future European Monetary Fund that could provide short-term credit lines to assist member countries facing trouble due to external circumstances and financial instability.   The German chancellor also presented the idea of an E.U.-wide asylum agency to process all claims at the borders, based on unified E.U. law
Item Number:3 Date: 06/05/2018 INDIA - AFTER SUCCESSFUL TEST, AGNI-V ICBM NEARS OPERATIONAL SERVICE (JUN 05/PTI)  PRESS TRUST OF INDIA -- India has successfully test fired its latest nuclear-capable intercontinental ballistic missile, reports the Press Trust of India.   The Agni-V missile was launched via a mobile launcher from Dr. Abdul Kalam Island off coast of the Odisha state in eastern India on Sunday, said defense sources.   This was the missile's sixth trial. The weapon has a projected range of 3,100 miles (5,000 km) and can carry a payload of 1.5 tons. During the test, the missile traveled its full range, officials said.   Following one more successful test, the Agni-V will be ready for induction into service with the army's strategic forces command, reported the Times of India.   The Agni-V was last tested in January, noted News Bytes. It uses an Indian-developed ring laser gyro-based inertial navigation system (RINS) and micro navigation system
  Item Number:4 Date: 06/05/2018 IRAN - NUCLEAR ENRICHMENT SET TO RESUME, SAYS ATOMIC ENERGY ORGANIZATION (JUN 05/REU)  REUTERS -- The Iranian government has informed the U.N. nuclear watchdog that it is preparing to increase its capacity for nuclear enrichment, reports Reuters.   Tehran has informed the International Atomic Energy Agency that it has begun preliminary work on advanced centrifuges at its nuclear facility in Natanz, a spokesman for Iran's Atomic Energy Organization told local media on Tuesday.   Iran will adhere to the 2015 nuclear deal with world powers, said Ali Akbar Salehi, the head of the organization, as cited by Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Such actions are permitted under the deal, which allows Iran to continue 3.67 percent uranium enrichment.   Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei ordered the preparations for the resumption of unlimited uranium enrichment should the nuclear deal collapse, Salehi said.   Tuesday's announcement concerns uranium hexafluoride (UF6), which Iran began producing on Tuesday, reported the BBC. UF6 feeds nuclear centrifuges.   The announcement may be a move to show Iran's leverage in talks with the European signatories designed to salvage the deal.   The fate of the deal has been in question since President Donald Trump announced that the U.S. would withdraw in early May.   Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu arrived in Berlin for a three-day trip on Monday. He will visit France, Germany and the U.K. in an attempt to lobby European leaders to abandon the deal.   "We will not allow Iran to obtain nuclear weapons," Netanyahu said in a video statement
  Item Number:5 Date: 06/05/2018 ISRAEL - SHIN BET FOILS PLOT TO ASSASSINATE NETANYAHU, JERUSALEM MAYOR (JUN 05/ARUTZ)  ARUTZ SHEVA -- Israeli intelligence services say they have uncovered a plot to assassinate Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Jerusalem Mayor Nir Barkat, reports Arutz Sheva.   An indictment, filed on Sunday but revealed on Tuesday, alleges that three members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) planned the attack.   Members of the cell reportedly coordinated with individuals in Syria, who masterminded the attack, said officials from Shin Bet, Israel's internal security service, as cited by Haaretz.   The cell also plotted terrorist attacks on U.S. and Canadian diplomatic facilities in Jerusalem, according to the indictment.   The primary suspect, Muhammad Jamal Rashdeh, was arrested on April 24. Two accomplices were apprehended in the following weeks, reported the Times of Israel.   Arrests were made before the operatives met or any money changed hands, the intelligence services said
  Item Number:7 Date: 06/05/2018 NORTH KOREA - KIM REPLACES TOP MILITARY OFFICIALS AHEAD OF NUCLEAR TALKS (JUN 05/YON)  YONHAP -- North Korea's top three military officials have reportedly been relieved of their duties, reports the Yonhap news agency (Seoul).   The personnel changes come as North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un prepares for summit talks regarding denuclearization with U.S. President Donald Trump on June 12 in Singapore.   Defense Chief Pak Yong Sik was replaced by First Vice Minister of the Ministry of People's Armed Forces No Kwang Chol, said an unnamed source.   Chief of the Korean People's Army General Staff Ri Myong Su was replaced by his deputy Ri Yong Gil.   Director of the General Political Bureau of the Korean People's Army Kim Jong Gak was replaced by army Gen. Kim Su Gil in May, noted the Asahi Shimbun (Japan). Kim Jong Gak had only been confirmed to the post in February.   The North Korean military is divided into three components to prevent it from concentrating power. The General Political Bureau is responsible for providing political guidance to the military, while the General Staff oversees combat operations. The Ministry of People's Armed Forces is responsible for logistics and personnel.   The outgoing leaders have been critiqued by analysts as lacking flexibility in thought, while the incoming defense chief, No Kwang Chol, has been described as a moderate.   Kim Jong Un's motivations remain unclear but analysts suggest that the move allows for a tighter rule over the Korean People's Army, which could object to a potential denuclearization deal with the U.S.  
Item Number:8 Date: 06/05/2018 PAKISTAN - 3 PARAMILITARY TROOPS DIE IN SUICIDE ATTACK IN BALUCHISTAN (JUN 05/PTI)  PRESS TRUST OF INDIA -- At least three Pakistani paramilitaries have been killed and four injured in a suicide attack in the southwestern Baluchistan province, reports the Press Trust of India.   On Monday, two heavily-armed attackers stormed a Frontier Corps post in Mastung, 27 miles (43 km) from the provincial capital of Quetta, said security officials.   Troops shot and killed one attacker. The second successfully detonated his suicide vest.   A statement posted on an Islamic State-affiliated website claimed responsibility for the operation
  Item Number:10 Date: 06/05/2018 SOMALIA - 27 AL-SHABAAB MILITANTS DIE IN U.S. AIRSTRIKE IN PUNTLAND (JUN 05/AFRICOM)  AFRICA COMMAND -- The U.S. military conducted an airstrike on Saturday in Somaliland, reports U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM).   The strike occurred 26 miles (42 km) southwest of Bosasso port in the northeastern region of the semi-autonomous Puntland region.   Somaliland, located to the west of Puntland, is a self-declared state that is not recognized internationally.   The strike, which killed 27 Al-Shabaab fighters, was conducted with the authorization of the Somali government. AFRICOM said it did not believe any civilians were killed.   AFRICOM carried out a similar attack on May 31, killing 12 Al-Shabaab militants 30 miles (48 km) southwest of Mogadishu
Item Number:12 Date: 06/05/2018 TAIWAN - FIGHTER PILOT CONFIRMED DEAD AFTER CRASH DURING ANNUAL MILITARY DRILL (JUN 05/CENTNA)  CENTRAL NEWS AGENCY (TAIWAN) -- The Taiwanese Ministry of National Defense has confirmed the death of a missing fighter pilot, reports Taiwan's Central News Agency.   Maj. Wu Yen-ting was reported missing after his F-16 fighter plane disappeared from radar screens on Monday during the five-day annual Han Kuang military drill in Taipei.   A search-and-rescue team found the crash site and body early Tuesday morning.   The jet crashed in the mountains north of Taipei in the Rueifang District, the military said. An investigative team is still determining the cause, but initial findings attributed the crash to a combination of factors including poor weather conditions and human error.   The air force temporarily grounded its F-16s pending the end of the investigation.   This incident marks the eighth crash of a Taiwanese F-16 fight jet since 1998; seven Taiwanese aviators have been killed in the mishaps
Item Number:15 Date: 06/05/2018 USA - FORMER DIA OFFICER CHARGED WITH LEAKING INTELLIGENCE TO CHINA (JUN 05/DOJ)  DEPT. OF JUSTICE -- Police in the U.S. have charged a former intelligence officer with leaking national defense information to China, reports the Dept. of Justice.   Ron Rockwell Hansen, 58, was arrested on June 2 on his way to Seattle-Tacoma International Airport, allegedly to board a China-bound flight, said a departmental state on June 4.   During a brief court appearance on Monday, Hansen agreed to return to Utah, his state of residence, to face charges, reported the BBC.   The Defense Intelligence Agency officer and Army veteran was charged with attempted transmission of national defense information to China.   Prosecutors alleged that Hansen received at least $800,000 in return for leaked information between 2013 and 2017. He also sold export-controlled technology to people in China, said the Justice Dept.   Other charges include acting as an unregistered foreign agent for China, bulk cash smuggling, structuring monetary transactions and smuggling goods from the U.S
Item Number:16 Date: 06/05/2018 USA - WASHINGTON CONSIDERING SAILING AIRCRAFT CARRIER THROUGH TAIWAN STRAIT (JUN 05/REU)  REUTERS -- The U.S. is considering sailing a warship through the Taiwan Strait amid growing regional tensions and expanding Chinese naval power, reports Reuters   Washington considered similar plans earlier this year but decided against it, according to U.S. officials cited by the news agency on Tuesday.   The last time a U.S. carrier passed through the Taiwan Strait was in 2007. Periodic passages by other Navy ships could be another, less provocative option, said some officials.   A U.S. Navy vessel last passed through the strait in July 2017.   The move follows increased Chinese operations around the island, which Beijing considers to be a breakaway province. Beijing has vowed to reunite the island by force, if necessary.   Taiwan has expressed concern about the increased Chinese military exercises this year, including flights of bombers and other military aircraft around the Island. Beijing has also sailed its aircraft carrier through the Taiwan Strait.   The Pentagon declined to comment on the story.  

No comments:

Post a Comment