Wednesday, May 23, 2018

TheList 4728

The List 4728
To All,
A bit of history and some tidbits.
This day in Naval History
May 23
1850—USS Advance and USS Rescue sail from New York in a failed attempt to rescue Sir John Franklin's Expedition, lost in the Arctic since 1847. Caught in the ice and after tremendous hardship, USS Advance returns on Aug. 20, 1851.
1939—USS Squalus (SS 192) suffers a catastrophic main induction valve failure during a test dive off the New Hampshire coast and is partially flooded, killing 26 crew members.
1943—USS New Jersey (BB 62) is commissioned. During WWII, she participates in the Battle of the Philippine Sea, Battle of the Leyte Gulf and supports the Iwo Jima and the Okinawa Campaign in the Pacific theatre. New Jersey currently serves as a museum ship at Camden, NJ.
1944—USS Brooklyn (CL 40), USS Kearny (DD 432) and USS Ericsson (DD 440) shell enemy positions in vicinity of Ardea, Italy, with good results. The three ships repeat bombardment of troop concentrations and supply dumps the next day with equal success.
1944—USS England (DE 635) sinks a Japanese submarine near New Ireland, sinking five submarines in a week.
2009—USS Lake Champlain (CG 57) responds to a vessel in distress in the Gulf of Aden and rescues 52 men, women and children who are adrift in a small skiff for approximately seven days.
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
National news headlines today are leading with reports that Georgia Democrats selected the first black woman to be a major party nominee for governor in the United States choosing Stacey Abrams, and that a reactivated fissure from Hawaii's Kilauea volcano threatened the Big Island's geothermal plant with a new lava flow Tuesday which official say could trigger toxic gases. President Trump told reporters that there was a "substantial chance" that the upcoming summit with Kim Jon Un could be canceled reports the Washington Post. This uncertainty follows recent bellicose rhetoric from North Korea in the run up to the June 12 summit. Rep Rob Wittman (R-Va.) proposing three legislative efforts to professionalize surface warfare officer training and simplify command and control reports USNI News. Wittman has proposed legislation that would incorporate training from the civilian International Convention on Standards of training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers into the Navy, and create separate career paths among surface warfare officers to promote specialization and create a single East Coast-based command to man, train and equip the fleet. Additionally, Navy Times reports USS Gerald R. Ford returned to port yesterday for "adjustments" before it can get back underway to complete what had been expected to be a long testing period.
Today in History May 23
Burgundians capture Joan of Arc and sell her to the English.
Henry VIII's marriage to Catherine of Aragon is declared null and void.
The Thirty Years War begins.
Captain William Kidd, the Scottish pirate, is hanged on the banks of the Thames.
Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals.
South Carolina becomes the eighth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
Pro-Union and pro-Confederate forces clash in western Virginia.
Confederate General "Stonewall" Jackson takes Front Royal, Virginia.
Union General Ulysses Grant attempts to outflank Confederate Robert E. Lee in the Battle of North Anna, Virginia.
Civil War hero Sgt. William H. Carney becomes the first African American to receive the Medal of Honor, thirty-seven years after the Battle of Fort Wagner.
Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary.
Gangsters Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow are killed by Texas Rangers.
Heinrich Himmler, the head of the Nazi Gestapo, commits suicide after being captured by Allied forces.
The Federal Republic of West Germany is proclaimed.
Israel announces the capture of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Argentina.
From Pensacola to Shuri Castle
by  W. Thomas Smith Jr.
This Week in American Military History:
May 23, 1862:  Confederate forces under the command of Maj. Gen. Thomas J.
"Stonewall" Jackson strike, outmaneuver, and – with textbook coordination of infantry, cavalry, and artillery – decisively defeat Union Army forces under Col. John R. Kenly at Front Royal, Virginia.
May. 24, 1818:  Gen. (future U.S. pres.) Andrew Jackson and his expeditionary army march into Spanish-controlled Florida, easily capturing the Gulf-coastal town of Pensacola.
Col. Jos̩ Masot, the Spanish governor, retreats to nearby Fort San Carlos de Barrancas (originally built by the British as "the Royal Navy Redoubt") where he briefly puts up a token resistance Рto save face Рbefore hoisting the white flag there, too.
May. 26, 1917:  U.S. Army Gen. John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing is named commander-in-chief of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF), which is destined for European combat the following year.
May. 27, 1967:  USS John F. Kennedy (CV 67) – the last conventionally powered American aircraft carrier – is launched.
May 28, 1918:  Almost one year to the day after Pershing is named commander- in-chief of the AEF, elements of the soon-to-be-famous 1st Infantry Division, ("the Big Red One") under the command of Lt. Gen. Robert Lee Bullard launch the first major attack by U.S. forces in World War I near the French town of Cantigny. In doing so, the Americans strike and the defeat a far-more experienced German army under the command of General Oskar von Hutier.
The attack opens in the wee hours with a two-hour artillery bombardment.
Then at 6:45 a.m., whistles are blown along the American trench lines, and soldiers from the division's 28th Infantry Regiment – destined to become known as the "Lions of Cantigny" – clamber over the top and into the open.
Supported by French aircraft, tanks, and mortar and flame-thrower teams – the Americans advance over a distance of 1,600 yards in three waves at marked intervals behind a creeping artillery barrage. By 7:20 a.m., the German lines are reached.
Fighting is grim; one American sergeant will write: "About twenty Dutchmen [Germans] came out of the holes, threw down their rifles and stood with their hands up. The doughboys didn't pay any attention to this but started in to butcher and shoot them. One of the doughboys on the run stabbed a Dutchman and his bayonet went clear through him." In the town, the Germans are flushed from hiding places in shops and houses. French soldiers with flamethrowers are called up to assist in clearing the cellars of buildings.
Lt. Clarence Huebner (destined to command the 1st Infantry Division in the next great war, and rise to the rank of Lt. Gen.) watches in horror as one of his badly burned enemies rushes from a flamed-out cellar. It was "just as I had seen rabbits in Kansas come out of burning straw stacks," he will recall.
The Germans – who, like so many others throughout history, had dismissed the Americans as not having the stomach for real fighting – develop a quick respect for their new foe.
Bullard's headquarters will issue a statement, a portion of which reads:
"The moral effects to flow from this proof of reliability in battle of the American soldiers, far outweighs the direct military importance of the actions themselves."
May. 28, 1980: The first female midshipmen graduate from the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis.
May 29, 1945:  Elements of the famous 1st Battalion, 5th Marines capture Shuri Castle – the palace of the Ryukyu kings for centuries – during the Battle of Okinawa.
From the net…courtesy of Paul and JC …
Truman May Have Been the Proto-Trump
By Victor Davis Hanson
When President Harry S. Truman left office in January 1953, most Americans were glad to see him go. Since the introduction of presidential approval ratings, Truman's 32 percent rating was the lowest for any departing president except for that of Richard Nixon, who 21 years later resigned amid the Watergate scandal.
Americans were tired of five consecutive Democratic presidential terms. The Depression and World War II were both over, and people wanted a different sort of leadership that could jump-start the economy.
The outsider Truman had been an accidental president to begin with. When an ailing President Franklin D. Roosevelt ran for an unprecedented fourth term in 1944, worried Democrat insiders panicked. They feared that far-left-wing Vice President Henry Wallace might end up president if Roosevelt died in office.
Party pros replaced Wallace with the obscure Truman, a Missouri senator. They assumed that if worse came to worse, the non-entity Truman would be a token caretaker president.
Earlier, Truman had been immersed in scandal, owing to his ties to corrupt Kansas City political boss Tom Pendergast.
When Truman took office after Roosevelt's death in April 1945, he knew relatively nothing about the grand strategy of World War II. No one had told him anything about the ongoing atomic bomb project.
But for the next seven-plus years, Truman shocked the country.
Over the objections of many in his Cabinet, he ordered the dropping of two atomic bombs on Japan.
Over the objections of most of the State Department, he recognized the new state of Israel.
Over the objections of the Roosevelt holdovers, he broke with wartime ally the Soviet Union and crafted the foundations of Cold War communist containment.
Over the objections of many in the Pentagon, he integrated the armed forces.
Over the objections of some of his advisers, he sent troops to the Korean peninsula to save South Korea from North Korean invasion.
Over the objections of civil libertarians, he created the CIA.
Over the objections of most Americans, he relieved controversial five-star general and American hero Douglas MacArthur of his duties.
Naturally, there were widespread calls in the press for Truman to resign and spare the country any more humiliation.
Truman swore. He had nightly drinks and played poker with cronies. And he shocked aides and the public with his vulgarity and crass attacks on political enemies. Truman mocked the widely respected Sen. William Fulbright as "Half-bright."
In the pre-Twitter age, Truman could not keep his mouth shut. When a reviewer for the Washington Post trashed Truman's daughter's concert performance, Truman physically threatened him.
"It seems to me that you are a frustrated old man who wishes he could have been successful," Truman wrote in a letter to critic Paul Hume. "Someday I hope to meet you. When that happens, you'll need a new nose, a lot of beefsteak for black eyes, and perhaps a supporter below!"
Truman like to trash national icons -- including the military that had just won World War II. He reportedly said of MacArthur's firing: "I didn't fire him because he was a dumb son of a bitch although he was, but that's not against the law for generals. If it was, half to three-quarters of them would be in jail."
Truman was supposed to be slaughtered in the 1948 election. Roosevelt's holdover New Dealers made fun of his Midwestern parochialism. Democrats had blown up the party during the 1948 nominating convention. Left-wingers, who could not stomach Truman, broke off and supported the progressive Henry Wallace as a third-party candidate. Democratic segregationists, who hated Truman's military integration order, ran Sen. Strom Thurman as a fourth-party Dixiecrat alternative. Thurman promised to keep the South racially segregated.
In the general election, polls predicted an easy win for Republican challenger Thomas Dewey. Instead, Truman won by a comfortable margin.
With Truman's second term due to expire, Democrats forgot his "the buck stops here" pragmatism. Instead, they returned to elite progressivism and nominated Adlai Stevenson, a liberal's liberal.
Stevenson lost both the 1952 and 1956 elections to Gen. Dwight Eisenhower, a national icon. For all his criticism of Truman, Ike governed more or less as Truman did.
It took a half-century for historians to concede that the feisty Truman had solid accomplishments, especially in foreign affairs. Even his vulgarity was eventually appreciated as integral to the image of "Give 'Em Hell" Harry. But if he'd had access to Twitter, or had a Robert Mueller to hound him, the loose-cannon Truman likely would have self-destructed in a flurry of ad hominem tweets.
An obsessed special prosecutor would have followed Truman's checkered pre-presidential career all the way back to Kansas City to uncover likely unethical behavior.
Yet in the end, Truman proved successful because of what he did -- and in spite of what he said.
Hanson is a classicist and historian at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University, and the author of the soon-to-be released "The Second World Wars: How the First Global Conflict Was Fought and Won," to appear in October from Basic Books. You can reach him by e-mailing
Thanks to Dutch, Dr. Rich, Paul and others
'Magic Carpet' Enables 'Fundamental Shift' In U.S. Naval Piloting
I know technology is helping shipboard ops a lot BUT – BUT – my experience toward the end of my career was that we had boarding rates (successful landings versus attempts) in the near 100% numbers – that in the end of the 1980's with F-14, S-3, A-6, etc…
Way, way back in my aging memory I seem to remember more than a few nights far at sea in thunderstorms so bad the TACAN needle just spun wherever,  and me in a tiny A-4 SHYHAWK trying to get it ….. and my shiny ass … back aboard the ship  - no needles, no HUD, no auto throttle, no autopilot and, most certainly, no Magic Carpet.  Back in those dinosaur days we worked on skill – and there wasn't much automation to go wrong 
Thanks to Doctor Rich, who quite rightly asks -
Spending too much time on "manual stick/throttle landings"? .. Let's do away with them .. after all "Any deviation from the glide path or loss of energy during this terminal phase could result in a hard landing that "seriously injures the pilot or damages the aircraft and/or ship."
YGTBSM … hard landings seriously injures the pilot, or damages the aircraft … even damages the ship?
Do these folks have a clue??
Forwarded to SECNAV w. comment … "Navy finds carrier landings to be too difficult for mortal Naval Aviators, so will automate them to avoid damage and embarrassment" ...
'Magic Carpet' Enables 'Fundamental Shift' In U.S. Naval Piloting
Aviation Week & Space Technology
May 22, 2018
The days of U.S. naval fighter pilots performing stick-and-throttle landings are numbered as the Navy introduces the Lockheed Martin F-35C and the newest "Magic Carpet" landing technology for the Boeing F/A-18 Super Hornet and EA-18GGrowler.
Better known as Precision Landing Mode, the initial version of Maritime Augmented Guidance with Integrated Controls for Carrier Approach and Recovery Precision Enabling Technologies (Magic Carpet) was fielded in October 2016. It almost fully automates the process of landing the Super Hornet on the deck of U.S. supercarriers by introducing new flight control laws and head-up display symbology.
Latest version of 'Magic Carpet' to compensate for degraded sensors and control surfaces
'Fully redundant' version being released to the fleet in fall 2019
The version currently fielded deliberately "trips out" if anything goes wrong with the aircraft, or if the weather conditions and sea state are not optimal. However, program officials from Naval Air Systems Command (Navair) told Aviation Week in a recent interview that the final version that automates landings in all recoverable conditions is scheduled for release to the fleet in the fall of 2019.
One of the goals of the Magic Carpet program was to end dependence on the pilot's skill at landing safely on an aircraft carrier. The F/A-18F/A and EA-18G already come equipped with an Automatic Carrier Landing System, but this technology is not fully redundant, so pilots must still practice traditional stick-and-throttle landings when the aircraft must be landed manually.
Magic Carpet will hold the Super Hornet at a constant speed and angle of attack along the glide path to an arrested landing. The new flight control laws make thousands of microcorrections to the aircraft's control surfaces as it descends toward the carrier deck, visibly different to a manual landing, where the control surfaces are held relatively steady.
The introduction of Magic Carpet has dramatically reduced pilot workload, and during testing F/A-18 landing dispersion rates were reduced by about 50%.
Magic Carpet was first tested at sea aboard the USS George H.W. Bush (CVN-77) in 2015 (AW&ST April 13-26, 2015, p. 31). As a result of these trials, Navy leadership sought an initial fleet release in 2016, to be followed by the fully redundant capability in 2019.
"The Navy was so impressed with the performance, they wanted the system sooner rather than later," explains James "Buddy" Denham, the Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division's senior scientific technical manager for air vehicles and aeromechanics. "We've delivered the initial version, and it's been deployed on operations since then. But if there's any failure, like a sensor or flap, it trips out, and they're back to legacy stick-and-throttle flying. By 2019, Super Hornet and Growler squadrons will have the full capability."

Navair has been steadily expanding Magic Carpet's flight envelope to recoverable failure conditions, such as failed trailing edge flaps, failed leading edge flaps and failed ailerons. Those are the main failure modes, but flight testing will continue to other flight control surfaces as well.
Test pilot Lt. Chris Montague of Navy Air Test and Evaluation Sqdn. 23 is one of the aviators helping to validate new increments of Magic Carpet. The goal, he says, is to eventually do away with the need to maintain and certify legacy stick-and-throttle landing skills, which is time-consuming and expensive.
"We are trying to make it where we only land via Precision Landing Modes," he says. "There is the [F/A-18] Automatic Carrier Landing System, but even with that, we have to maintain the proficiency. This would be a fundamental change. Ultimately, we should spend more time training on other portions of the mission."
Landing on an aircraft carrier is one of the most difficult and dangerous parts of a fixed-wing naval aviator's mission, especially in rough sea states or with failed control surfaces. Any deviation from the glide path or loss of energy during this terminal phase could result in a hard landing that seriously injures the pilot or damages the aircraft and/or ship.
Denham says the landing process has already been fully automated in the Lockheed Martin F-35B/C, which uses a GPS-based relative navigation system developed by Raytheon, the Joint Precision Approach and Landing System (JPALS). The future MQ-25 Stingray UAV will also use JPALS.
The Super Hornet is now catching up. Denham says the introduction of Magic Carpet has already led to a "significant improvement" in boarding rates and touchdown dispersions.
"The F-35 was fully redundant on all of this up-front; they don't do manual stick-and-throttle recoveries," he says. "Now that [the F/A-18E/F-series] has a technology that's fully redundant, we can make that fundamental shift."
Item Number:1 Date: 05/23/2018 AFGHANISTAN - 16 KILLED IN KANDAHAR BLAST (MAY 23/TN)  TOLONEWS -- Two containers filled with explosives detonated in Kandahar in southern Afghanistan, killing at least 16 people, reports Tolo News (Afghanistan).   Four security forces personnel were among those killed. Thirty-eight people were wounded in the blast.   The explosives were found in a large open yard amid several workshops. The security personnel were attempting to defuse the bombs when they detonated, reported Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.   There was no immediate claim of responsibility.   Separately, at least 14 police in eastern Ghazni province were killed in several militant attacks on Monday. Seven died in one attack in the Dih Yak district, including the district police chief.   Fighting in Ghazni province continued into Tuesday, officials said. A Taliban spokesman claimed responsibility for the attacks.  
  Item Number:2 Date: 05/23/2018 AFGHANISTAN - AIR FORCE AIRSTRIKES KILL LOCAL TALIBAN LEADERS IN KUNDUZ PROVINCE (MAY 23/KP)  KHAAMA PRESS -- At least six militants, including two local commanders, have been killed in Afghan air force airstrikes in Afghanistan's northern Kunduz province, reports the Khaama Press (Afghanistan).   The airstrikes targeted Taliban hideouts in the Ganjak Joi Begum area of the Imam Sahib district, said Afghan military officials.   Two militants were injured in the attacks, the officials said.   A main Taliban compound and two outposts were destroyed in the strikes
Item Number:3 Date: 05/23/2018 AFGHANISTAN - FORMER PROVINCIAL COUNCIL MEMBER KILLED IN TALIBAN ATTACK IN GHOR PROVINCE (MAY 23/PAJH)  PAJHWOK AFGHAN NEWS -- A Taliban attack in Afghanistan's western Ghor province has killed three and injured two, reports the Pajhwok Afghan News.   The militants attacked the village of Malang in the Chaharsadda district late Tuesday night, killing Hajam Ghulam Yahya, a former member of the provincial council and commander of pro-government forces, and two of his bodyguards, said a spokesman for the governor of Ghor.   Fighting in the area was continuing. The Taliban suffered casualties, the spokesman said, without providing additional details.   The Taliban has not commented on the assault
  Item Number:6 Date: 05/23/2018 RUSSIA - BALLISTIC MISSILE SUB TEST-FIRES SALVO OF BULAVA ICBMS (MAY 23/TASS)  TASS -- For the first time, a Russian Borei-class nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine has test-launched a salvo of intercontinental ballistic missiles, reports Russia's Tass news agency.   On Tuesday, the Yuri Dolgoruky, the lead sub in the class, successfully test-fired four Bulava missiles from the White Sea, which hit targets at the Kura range on the Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia's Far East, according to a release from the Russian Northern Fleet.   The missiles were fired while the submarine was submerged, officials said.   The trial evaluated the combat readiness of the sub and its missile systems, said the Northern Fleet.  
  Item Number:10 Date: 05/23/2018 USA - AIR FORCE UPDATES B-1B BOMBERS, PREPARES FOR AIRCRAFT'S RETIREMENT (MAY 23/WARMAV)  WARRIOR MAVEN -- The U.S. Air Force is outlining plans to maximize the B-1B's firepower for its remaining years in service, while also laying the groundwork for replacement by the B-21, reports Warrior Maven.   The B-1B fleet is in the midst of its largest technical overhaul to date, including refurbished engines, weapons enhancements and new avionics, communications, targeting and intelligence systems.   Engine refurbishments will bring them back to their original performance specifications, Air Force officials said.   The new Integrated Battle Station provides new crew displays and communication links. The Fully Integrated Targeting Pod upgrade links the targeting pod control and video feed with cockpit displays.   Bomb rack improvements will enable the bomber to carry about 60 percent more 500-pound-class weapons, said the Air Force.   The B-21 is not expected to enter service until the mid-2020's, with the B-1B likely retiring in the 2030s.  
  Item Number:11 Date: 05/23/2018 USA - ARMY LOOKS TO SEATTLE STARTUP TO ENHANCE COMBAT HELMETS (MAY 23/)  -- A Seattle, Wash., firm has signed a contract with the U.S. Army to bolster the protection provided by combat helmets, reports   Vicis has developed new football helmets designed to reduce concussions and head injuries. Last year, the company signed a contract with the Army to redesign part of its helmets, company officials said.   Combat helmets are designed for ballistic protection. Yet, about 80 percent of head injuries in the military occur away from the battlefield, often the results of blunt force from jumping out of aircraft or hitting one's head during combat drills.   For the moment, the project is focused on the pads on the inside of the helmet. The pads are designed to fit inside existing helmets enabling them to be easily retrofitted.   The pads use dozens of small, bendable columns that compress and move to absorb incoming force, reported CBS News.   Testing using Pentagon protocols show between a 30 to 55 percent improvement over current U.S. military helmets.   Initial conversations with the Army were held in 2016. Vicis began by self-funding the work, before receiving an Army development deal. Another $15 million award is planned, which will bring total funding to about $80 million.   Traumatic brain injuries have been increasingly seen on the battlefield as enemy forces use mines and improvised explosive devices to attack U.S. troops, which has driven the Pentagon to seek solutions to reduce the severity of head injuries.  
  Item Number:13 Date: 05/23/2018 USA - PLANNED SUMMIT WITH KIM JONG UN IN DOUBT, SAYS TRUMP (MAY 23/GU)  THE GUARDIAN -- President Donald Trump says that his planned meeting in Singapore with North Korean dictator may not go ahead as scheduled, reports the Guardian (U.K.).   Trump raised doubts about the summit planned for June 12 in Singapore on Tuesday during a White House meeting with South Korean President Moon Jae In.   "There are certain conditions we want to happen. I think we'll get those conditions. And if we don't, we won't have the meeting," Trump told reporters. The president provided no further details on potential conditions.   Trump added that it is possible the summit could occur later if the meeting does not take place on June 12.   Moon expressed confidence that the summit would go forward.   The planned summit has come into question after North Korea officially criticized joint U.S.-South Korean military exercises and the American insistence that Pyongyang unilaterally give up its nuclear program
  Item Number:14 Date: 05/23/2018 USA - TOP SPECIAL OPS GENERAL EXPECTED TO TAKE OVER AFGHAN MISSION (MAY 23/REU)  REUTERS -- The head of the U.S. Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC) has been selected to be the next leader of the military mission in Afghanistan, reports Reuters.   Army Lt. Gen. Scott Miller is expected to replace Army Gen. John Nicholson, who has led the Afghan operation for more than two years.   Nicholson was expected to serve through most of the summer, which has generally been a time of heavy fighting, said unnamed U.S. officials.   Miller's career has included a focus on dealing with global militant networks that support insurgencies, which could be valuable in the battle against the Islamic State in Afghanistan, said one official.   The Pentagon declined to comment on Nicholson's potential successor
Item Number:16 Date: 05/23/2018 YEMEN - EMIRATI FORCES DESTROY HOUTHI BOATS THREATENING OIL TANKER IN RED SEA (MAY 23/WAM)  EMIRATES NEWS AGENCY -- Military forces from the United Arab Emirates have destroyed two Houthi militia boats that were threatening an oil tanker in the Red Sea, reports the Emirates News Agency.   Two other boats escaped, officials said.   The Yemeni rebels have frequently attacked merchant vessels and threatened commercial shipping while operating from Hodeidah on Yemen's west coast.   No information was provided on the condition of the tanker.   A Saudi oil tanker was damaged in an attack off Hodeidah last month, noted Reuters.   The U.A.E. is part of a Saudi-led coalition fighting the Houthi rebels in Yemen.    

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