Tuesday, May 8, 2018

TheList 4516

The List 4716

To All
I hope that you all had a great weekend.
This Day In Naval History – May 4, 2018
May 7
1779—The Continental Navy sloop Providence, captures the British brig Diligent off Sandy Hook and is later acquired for service in the Continental Navy.
1934—The frigate USS Constitution completes her tour of 90 port cities along the Atlantic, Gulf, and Pacific coasts when she returned to Boston, MA.
1942—The Battle of the Coral Sea resumes as Task Force Seventeen (TF-17) intercepts the Japanese intending to invade Port Moresby, New Guinea, marking the first naval battle where aircraft carriers engage each other out of sight from one another.
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
In national news headlines today, outlets are reporting that the flow of lava from ongoing eruptions at Hawaii Island's Kilauea volcano intensified Sunday and 26 homes have now been destroyed, and that First lady Melania Trump will announce her formal initiatives during a White House press conference on today.  The Virginian Pilot reports that the U.S. Navy will re-establish its Second Fleet in Norfolk this summer to focus on high-end warfare in the Atlantic Ocean.  Chief of Naval Operations Adm. John Richardson said during the Fleet Forces change of command ceremony in Norfolk that re-establishing the fleet is a "dynamic response to a dynamic environment." Navy Times reports that Adm. Chris Grady relieved Adm. Phil Davidson as the leader of Fleet Forces Command and stated, "Our direction is clear, recently the secretary of Defense stated: 'Everything we do must contribute to the increased lethality of our military.' Given the man, train and equip mandate of Fleet Forces Command, we are uniquely positioned in this direction and will develop, generate and employ the Navy the nation needs." Additionally, Government Matters reports that Under Secretary of the U.S. Navy Thomas Modly sated in an interview Sunday that an effort to restructure two major leadership offices at the top of the Department of the Navy is officially under way to streamline business operations in the Department.
Today in HistoryMay 7
The dome of the church of St. Sophia in Constantinople collapses. Its immediate rebuilding is ordered by Justinian.
The Second Council of Lyons opens in France to regulate the election of the pope.
Joan of Arc breaks the English siege of Orleans.
The German peasants' revolt is crushed by the ruling class and church.
Indian chief Pontiac begins his attack on a British fort in present-day Detroit, Michigan.
Congress divides the Northwest Territory into two parts. The western part will becomes the Indiana Territory and the eastern section remains the Northwest Territory.
Beethoven's "Ninth Symphony" premieres in Vienna.
The American Medical Association is formed in Philadelphia.
Confederate troops strike Union troops at the Battle of Eltham's Landing in Virginia.
The Battle of the Wilderness ends with heavy losses to both sides.
Indian chief Sitting Bull enters Canada with a trail of Indians after the Battle of Little Bighorn.
The German submarine U-20 torpedoes the passenger ship Lusitiania, sinking her in 21 minutes with 1,978 people on board.
The German Condor Legion arrives in Spain to assist Fransico Franco's forces.
In the Battle of the Coral Sea, Japanese and American navies attack each other with carrier-launched warplanes. It is the first time in the history of naval warfare where two fleets fought without seeing each other.Two crucial battles in 1942 marked the turning point of the war in the Pacific.
The last major German strongholds in North Africa--Tunis and Bizerte--fall to Allied forces.
Germany signs an unconditional surrender, effectively ending World War II in Europe.
In Korea, Communist POWs at Koje-do riot against their American captors.
French troops surrender to the Vietminh at Dien Bien Phu.
Howard Johnson sets an aircraft altitude record in F-104.
Leonid Brezhnev becomes president of the Soviet Union.
Thanks to Al
Monday Morning Humor--Hospitals
     I was getting ready to undergo my operation laying on a hospital gurney with nothing on, except a sheet over me. The nurse pushes me down the corridor towards the operating theater, where she leaves me on the gurney outside, while she goes in to check whether everything is ready.
     Some man wearing a white coat approaches, lifts the sheet up and starts examining me. He puts the sheet back and then walks away and talks to another man in a white coat. The second man comes over, lifts the sheet and does the same examinations. When a third man does the same thing, but more closely, I got impatient and said, "All these examinations are fine and appreciated, but when are you going to start the operation?"
     The man in the white coat shrugged his shoulders: "I have no idea. We're just painting the corridor."
     The nurse told me that they were going to give me a blood test.  They came in and cut my finger.
     I nearly fainted when they said I needed a urine test.
     A retired man who volunteers to entertain patients in hospitals visited me on my recent stay.  He brought his portable keyboard along. He told some jokes and croaked out some funny songs.
     When he finished he said, in farewell, "I hope you get better."
     I said "thank you" but really wanted to say, "I hope you get better, too."
     I had most of my family to the hospital for cookies and orange juice.  They said they tasted good but weren't very happy about having to donate blood though.
     After surgery, the doctor came out and told Patty, "Your husband doesn't look so good."
     Patty replied, "I know doc but he's a good provider and great husband, dad, and grandfather."
     I'd never had surgery, and I was nervous. "This is a very simple, noninvasive procedure," the anesthesiologist reassured me.
     I felt better, until…"Heck," he continued, "you have a better chance of dying from the anesthesia than the surgery itself."
     To get through the first night after surgery, the nurse asked if I would like a pain pill.
     Not wanting a pain reliever that's anything less than extra-strength, I said, "Give me the maximum-allowable dosage. Figure out what will kill me, and then back it off a little bit."
     My biggest disappointment in this whole evolution was that no party was thrown for me even though everyone and I mean everyone always asked my birthday when ever they came to see me.
Q: What do you call a doctor that fixes websites?
A: A URLologist
Q: What do you call a student that got C's all the way through med school?
A: Hopefully not your doctor.
Q: How many doctors does it take to screw in a light bulb?
A: Three. One to find a bulb specialist, one to find a bulb installation specialist, and one to bill it all to Medicare.
     Here's an interesting thought—Being sick is just your body's way of saying you're way too awesome and you need to slow down so everyone else can catch up.
Stay healthy and have a great week,
With our thanks to THE Bear at http://www.rollingthunderremembered.com/
May 7, 2018   Bear Taylor  
RIPPLE SALVO… #793… ON 4 APRIL 1968 DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. WAS ASSASSINATED IN MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE. ON 5 JUNE 1968 SENATOR ROBERT F. KENNEDY WAS MORTALLY WOUNDED BY AN ASSASSIN IN THE AMBASSADOR HOTEL IN LOS ANGELES AND DIED THE FOLLOWING DAY. The two months between these infamous dates were days of turmoil and anger unleashed in America. The winds of civil disobedience and rebellion were gathering as Bobby Kennedy fell… but first…
GOOD MORNING… Day SEVEN HUNDRED NINETY-THREE of a remembrance of America at home and at war during the years of Rolling Thunder…
HEAD LINES from THE NEW YORK TIMES on Tuesday, 7 MAY 1968…
THE WAR: Page 1: "VIETCONG STEP UP ATTACKS IN SAIGON–AIR BASE POUNDED–ROCKETS AND MORTAR SHELLS FALL ON POWER STATION AND POLICE HEADQUARTERS–Sharp Action in Cholon–M.P.'s Under Fire As They Try To Protect American Troop Billets Near Field"… "The Vietcong stepped up attacks on this tense capital during the night lobbing mortar shells and rockets on Saigon's Tansonnhut air base, the national military police headquarters, a power station and South Vietnamese military installations. With sporadic clashes breaking out through the city. Vietnamese reinforcements rushed into Cholon, the Chinese quarter, where a police station has been under ground and mortar attack since dawn. There were no reports of casualties. Sharp fighting has also broken out at a bridge in Cholon that has been under ground attack since shortly before 4 A.M. … In the southwestern fringe of the city near Cholon, helicopter gunships and tactical fighter aircraft rocketed and bombed enemy positions in a slum area just beyond the race track. The attacks continued after dawn…. 'There's a hell of a lot of destruction there, a four by six block area is all on fire,' said Captain William A. Knapp, a 30 year-old advisor to the South Vietnamese Airborne Division. 'We're conducting a house-to-house search just outside the cemetery and we're getting a lot of enemy fire… there are a lot of explosions going on all over there from the ammunition that's stored in the houses.'… 14 Vietnamese citizens in Saigon have died and 235 wounded as a result of the Saigon attacks…23 enemy soldiers have been killed."…
7 MAY 1968… OPERATION ROLLING THUNDER… New York Times… Page 7: "In the air war over the north a Navy Vigilante was downed by ground fire Sunday in the vicinity of the city of Vinh. The Navy said that the crew was listed as missing. (The downed aviators were: LT GILES NORRINGTON and LT RICHARD TANGERMANN from RVAH-1 embarked in USS Enterprise… both were captured and interned for the duration of the war as POWs.) It brought to 833 the number of American planes lost over North Vietnam."…
"Vietnam: Air Losses" (Chis Hobson) There were four fixed wing aircraft lost in Southeast Asia on 7 May 1968…
(1) CAPTAIN H.G. HAYES was flying an A-1J of the 6th ACS and 14th ACW out of Pleiku and was hit by ground fire on his fourth strafing pass on a gun position and troops. CAPTAIN HAYES was able to fly the faltering aircraft out of the target area near Chu Lai before ejecting to be rescued by an Army helicopter…
(2) LCDR E.S. CHRISTENSEN and LTJG W. J. KRAMER were flying an F-4B of the VF-92 Silver Kings embarked in USS Enterprise on a combat air patrol north of Vinh but below the 19th parallel when engaged by "several" MIGs. The engagement was a draw until LCDR CHRISTENSEN was forced out by a low fuel state . As he rolled wings level to head for the tanker the Navy Phantom was hit by a MIG-21's Atoll missile. LCDR CHRISTENSEN and LTJG KRAMER ejected a few miles at sea and were eventually recovered by a Navy SAR helicopter… MIG s SOUTH OF VINH…
(3) LCDR PAUL WARREN PAINE was flying an A-4F of the VA-113 Stingers embarked in USS Enterprise on a RESCAP mission to cover downed aviators CHRISTENSIN and KRAMER. After the SAR helo recovery of the RVAH-1 aviators, LCDR PAINE returned to the carrier. On his first pass he was waved off due to a "fouled deck." He turned downwind to come around for a second approach and at the 180-degree position the A-4F inexplicable nosed down and shipmate PAUL "Pete" PAINE was killed when he ejected at 100-feet, outside of the safe ejection envelope due to the sink rate and attitude of the Skyhawk at the moment of ejection. His body was recovered… LCDR PAINE was the Air Wing NINE LSO and flew with the VA-113 Stingers on a daily basis. He was a squadron mate and the loss was deeply felt and is vividly recalled today the 50th anniversary of his last flight… Fate is the hunter…
(4) A C-7B Caribou of the 537th TAS and 483rd TAW out of Phu Cat lost engine power on takeoff and in the attempt to return of landing crashed with five crew members aboard. All survived the crash…
Humble Host flew #155 and #156. The day flight was a dandy with bombs on trucks in Happy Valley that left six fires and four burning trucks. The night mission was to provide Shrike coverage for an A-6 mission to a transshipment point target west of Vinh. I put a Shrike down the throat of a signal just east of Vinh and returned to recover on Enterprise and log my 500th arrested landing… but there was no joy on 7 May… another empty chair in the ready room… and no time to think about it…press on…
1965… NONE…
1967… NONE…
Much more from THE Bear at http://www.rollingthunderremembered.com/
Thanks to Chuck
Some of these are really cringe-worthy!
Thanks to Chuck
Top 5 incredible things about Admiral Nimitz – Nimitz News Online
Great History that should not be forgotten!!!!
A thoroughly amazing guy that our nation was very fortunate to have during WW II.
Top 5 incredible things about Admiral Nimitz
Posted on February 24, 2015 by nimitznewscontributor in Our Navy

Today is the birthday of Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, the namesake of USS Nimitz (CVN 68). In honor of this day, we'd like to share five amazing things from his life, ranked in order of importance. It's obviously subjective, but after reading this we're sure that we can all agree: Nimitz had a pretty awesome life.
5. Ran his ship aground, took a nap.
You can find photos of Grandpa Nimitz in the dictionary under the definition of 'grandfather.'
In 1908, Nimitz was bringing his ship, the Decatur, into Batangas Harbor in the Philippines. He not only guesstimated his position, he also failed to check the tides. Consequently, the ship came to a stop, run aground on a mudbank. When he couldn't get the ship off immediately, he recalled the advice of his grandfather: "Don't worry about things over which you have no control." He ordered a cot to be brought to the bridge, and he slept until the tide rose and freed the ship.
He went to court-martial over the incident, but when they looked at his otherwise flawless record and the way he freely admitted his culpability, he was only reprimanded. As an admiral, he would cite the incident whenever anyone was quick to judge a career over because of a single mistake.
Bonus fun: While on the Decatur, during a storm, the engineer of the ship informed Nimitz that the ship was flooding and was going to sink.
"Just look on page 84 of 'Barton's Engineering manual,'" said Nimitz. "It will tell you what to do."
And so the ship was saved, thanks to his apparently photographic memory.
That combination of confident calm and technical knowledge would mark his entire naval career.
4. Rescued man from drowning.
It's hard to imagine being in the Navy and not knowing how to swim, and even harder to imagine being rescued by your commanding officer. But for a young Fireman, both of those scenarios weren't imaginary.
In 1912, Nimitz was a lieutenant and commanding officer of the submarine Skipjack, when Fireman W.J. Walsh went overboard. There was a strong tide, and since Walsh didn't know how to swim, he was quickly swept away from the ship. Nimitz dove in after him, and kept him afloat and alive until they could be rescued by a small boat.
He received the Silver Lifesaving Medal for his actions. Bonus fun: There have been fewer Lifesaving Medals awarded than the Medal of Honor.
3. Survived a plane crash.
Right after the Battle of Midway, Nimitz flew from Hawaii to San Francisco in a seaplane to give an after-action report. On landing, the seaplane hit a log, flipping over and cracking in two. The co-pilot was killed, and another severely injured.
Wrapped in a blanket by a corpsman, Nimitz stayed on the sinking wing out of concern for the other passengers. The rescuers tried to gently direct him to the crash boat, but he evaded all attempts to steer him to safety.
Finally, an eighteen year-old seaman snapped at the old man who was getting in the way: "Commander, if you would only get out of the way, maybe we could get something done around here." Nimitz saw that he was correct, and went to the boat.
On the little boat, Nimitz stood up to better view the wreck, and was promptly yelled at by the coxswain to sit down. When he sat down, the blanket slipped, and the coxswain realized he'd just yelled at a four-star admiral. Nimitz stopped him as he tried to apologize.
"Stick to your guns, Sailor. You were quite right."
2. Won the War in the Pacific
Nimitz won the war with teamwork, but looking at this photo you can tell that he could have won the war on his own if he'd wanted to.
Sure, there was that other guy MacArthur who did some stuff. And obviously Nimitz didn't do everything single-handedly. But that was why he won the war: He was terrific at building a team, and it was his team that won the war.
When the former commander of the Pacific Fleet was relieved because of the attack on Pearl Harbor, his staff assumed that they would be fired as well. Nimitz took command and kept all of them. He knew that they couldn't have predicted the attack on Pearl Harbor, and saw no point in blaming them for something almost no one could have predicted.
One of those people was Cmdr. Edwin Layton. Layton was friends with Cmdr. Joseph Rochefort, who worked in Hawaii deciphering encrypted Japanese communications. The head of Naval intelligence back in Washington, D.C. wasn't receptive to Rochefort, and so when he began finding evidence that the Japanese were planning an attack on Midway Island, he got the information directly to Nimitz through Layton. When they had a meeting to plan the defense of Midway, Rochefort was able to present what was essentially the Japanese battle plan.
And it's likely none of that would have happened if Nimitz had replaced Layton on his staff.
So you're probably asking, why wasn't this the number one incredible thing? Because of this:
1. Turned down big money to stay in the Navy.
Of course he turned down the money. Wouldn't you if you looked this good in uniform?
Nimitz originally started out in the submarine fleet, and while he was there, he became one of the Navy's leading experts in aquatic diesel engines. He was such an expert that a manufacturer that built engines for the Navy approached Nimitz in 1913 with a job offer. At a time in his career when he was paid only $300 a month, he turned down a job that would have paid $25,000 a year. He was then told that if that wasn't enough, he should just name his price.
But because he was so committed to the Navy, he turned down the second offer too.
And if it hadn't been for that commitment, the six-months from the devastation of Pearl Harbor to the turning point of Midway might have been a lot longer, if not for a young man choosing service to his country over a high-paying job.
To read more about Admiral Nimitz visit Navy History and Heritage's bio here.
  Item Number:2 Date: 05/07/2018 GERMANY - ONLY 4 EUROFIGHTER JETS AVAILABLE FOR OPERATIONS (MAY 07/BUSINS)  BUSINESS INSIDER -- A "massive problem" has left all but four of Germany's 128 Eurofighter Typhoon fighter jets unfit for combat duty, reports the Business Insider.   The DASS defense system, which warns pilots of incoming attacks, is malfunctioning, putting the pilots in danger, said engineers familiar with the problem.   The system is being affected by coolant leaking into the sensors. The problem was initially detected six months ago, according to Der Spiegel.   Technicians have been able to replace the malfunctioning wingtip pods but supplies of the replacement part are limited.   Until the problem is fixed, only 10 jets can carry out missions.   An unrelated lack of air combat missiles has made a further six jets unavailable for combat, reported the magazine last week.   The problem is under control and will be resolved within weeks or months, said a German Defense Ministry spokesman.   German officials also disputed the number of jets available, saying that at least 14 Eurofighters are currently in service.   The Luftwaffe counts all jets capable of flying as available, regardless of whether their defense systems are functioning, noted Der Spiegel.    
  Item Number:3 Date: 05/07/2018 IRAQ - JETS POUND ISIS POSITIONS IN E. SYRIA (MAY 07/NATIONAL)  THE NATIONAL -- Iraqi jets have struck positions belonging to the Islamic State terrorist group (ISIS) inside Syria, reports the National (Abu Dhabi).   On Sunday, Iraqi F-16s attacked ISIS militants south of Deshaisha, in Syria's eastern Hasakah province, Prime Minister Haider Abadi said in a statement.   The strike targeted a meeting of ISIS leaders, according to Abadi.   A spokesman for Iraq's security media center described the strike as "successful."   The position was "completely destroyed," said the statement, as reported by Reuters.   Casualty figures were not immediately available.   The U.S. and its Syrian Democratic Forces are also fighting ISIS in the province, one of the areas along the Syrian-Iraqi border where the terrorist group continues to maintain a presence
Item Number:6 Date: 05/07/2018 NIGERIA - 45 DIE IN ATTACK ON VILLAGE IN NORTHWEST (MAY 07/PREM)  PREMIUM TIMES -- At least 45 people have been killed in an attack on a village in Nigeria's northwestern Kaduna state, reports the Premium Times (Abuja).   On May 5, armed bandits attacked the village of Gwaska, home to about 3,000 people, residents told the Vanguard (Lagos).   The attackers arrived on motorcycles and began setting homes on fire, locals said.   Most of those killed volunteered to fight off the attackers, survivors said.   Some villagers said the bandits came from the village of Dansadau in Zamfara state, about 10 minutes away.   Among those killed was the head of a local vigilante group.   More than 150 security personnel were deployed to the area, with 200 more set to arrive soon, said the police commissioner.   The federal government approved a separate, permanent deployment of one army battalion to the state.   Banditry, particularly cattle rustling, has been a common complaint in the area, noted Reuters. Last month, 14 miners were killed in a similar attack nearby.   Conflict across Nigeria has been growing despite President Muhammadu Buhari's promises to eradicate it.   In addition to an Islamist insurgency fought by Boko Haram and affiliates of the Islamic State terrorist group (ISIS), violence has increased among sedentary, farming communities and herders across the country, noted Deutsche Welle.  
 Item Number:7 Date: 05/07/2018 NORTH KOREA - SANCTIONS, PRESSURE DID NOT INFLUENCE DECISION TO DENUCLEARIZE, SAY N. KOREAN OFFICIALS (MAY 07/REU)  REUTERS -- North Korea says U.S. sanctions and pressure did not influence its recent agreement with the South to abandon its nuclear weapons, reports Reuters.   Attempts to state otherwise are part of U.S. attempts at "misleading public opinion," said North Korea's official KCNA news agency.   Pyongyang appeared to be hardening its rhetoric after the announcement that it would shut down its nuclear testing facility after a meeting between North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un and South Korean President Moon Jae In.   Recent gains could be squandered if Washington misunderstands North Korea's "peace-loving intention," state media reported.   In addition, Washington should not "deliberately provoke" Pyongyang by deploying strategic assets in the South and raising human rights issues, said a foreign ministry spokesman.  
  Item Number:8 Date: 05/07/2018 PAKISTAN - INTERIOR MINISTER SHOT DURING ELECTION RALLY IN PUNJAB (MAY 07/DAWN)  DAWN -- Pakistani Interior Minister Ahsan Iqbal has survived an assassination attempt during a rally in Punjab, reports the Dawn (Pakistan).   Shortly after finishing a speech in the city of Narowal on Sunday, Iqbal was shot in the shoulder by a man at a range of 15 yards.   Bystanders tackled the shooter before he could fire a second shot. Police then arrested him.   Iqbal was taken to the local hospital before being transferred to a hospital in Lahore.   Iqbal's Pakistan Muslim League condemned the attack, calling it an attempt to silence the party.   Links to any outside actors or groups are being investigated, said police officials.   The gunman may have links to the far-right Tehreek-e-Labaik, which advocates the strict enforcement against blasphemy, including the death penalty, reported Reuters.   The attack was reportedly driven by a small change to the oath that election candidates must swear, which was quickly reversed last year after it was linked to blasphemy, reported Agence France-Presse. Iqbal was heavily involved in the political negotiations over the issue
Item Number:9 Date: 05/07/2018 RUSSIA - TERMINATOR TANK SUPPORT VEHICLE TO BE FIELDED NEXT YEAR (MAY 07/INT-AVN)  INTERFAX-MILITARY NEWS AGENCY -- Russia's new tank support combat vehicle will be integrated into the military sometime next year, reports Interfax-AVN.   The Uralvagonzavod corporation, which manufactures the Terminator, has transferred 10 of the new vehicles to the defense ministry to be showcased in the Victory Day parade on May 9.   After the parade, Uralvagonzavod will upgrade the vehicles for operational use.   The Russian Defense Ministry accepted the Terminator for service and began supplying the vehicle to units, reported Russia's Tass news agency on April 13. A contract for the Terminators was finalized in August 2017.   Unlike the BMPT-72, or Terminator-2, unveiled in 2013, the production vehicle is based on the chassis of the T-90 tank, noted IHS Jane's Defence Weekly.   The BMPT is armed with a pair of 30-mm 2A42 cannons, four Ataka-T anti-tank missiles, a medium machine gun and two automatic grenade launchers.   The vehicle has undergone some operational testing in Syria, a source told Jane's.   
  Item Number:10 Date: 05/07/2018 RUSSIA - TROOPS WILL SOON GET NEW KALASHNIKOV RIFLES (MAY 07/MILTIMES)  MILITARY TIMES -- The Russian Defense Ministry has confirmed that it will field the AK-12 and AK-15 as replacements for its standard assault rifle, reports Military Times.   The two Kalashnikov designs were approved by ministry officials in January 2018. Previous announcements for the replacement rifle were quickly retracted. The latest announcement appears to have stuck, the newspaper said.   The ministry recommended the new assault rifles for infantry, airborne and naval infantry troops, according to a Kalashnikov press release. Compact variants are also available for special operations forces and vehicle crews.   The rifles were selected after trials in 2017, said Kalashnikov. They appear to be part of Russia's Ratnik advanced infantry combat system.   The AK-12 chambers the 5.45 x 39-mm cartridge and the AK-15 fires the 7.62 x 39-mm round.   Production deliveries could begin as soon as this year, according to Kalashnikov officials cited by Russia's Tass news agency.  
  Item Number:13 Date: 05/07/2018 TURKEY - FOREIGN MINISTER THREATENS RETALIATION IF U.S. SUSPENDS ARMS SALES (MAY 07/REU)  REUTERS -- The Turkish foreign minister says his country will retaliate if the U.S. follows through on threats to end weapons sales, reports Reuters.   "If the U.S. imposes sanctions on us or takes such a step, Turkey will absolutely retaliate," Mevlut Cavusoglu told CCN Turk on Sunday.   On May 4, the U.S. House of Representatives released details of the annual National Defense Authorization Act, including a temporary suspension of weapons sales to Turkey until the Defense Dept. provides Congress with a report on the state of the U.S.-Turkey relationship.   Turkey has pledged to buy more than 100 F-35 advanced fighter jets from Lockheed Martin, but has also signed an agreement to buy the S-400 air defense system from Russia.   Western allies have expressed concern that such moves signal a shift towards Moscow. Cavusoglu said the fears are unfounded.   The foreign minister instead accused Washington of attempting to control the actions of an independent country.   Relations between the U.S. and Turkey have been strained in recent months over a number of issues.    
 GROWING CHALLENGES (MAY 07/USNIN)  USNI NEWS -- The U.S. Navy has decided to reactivate the 2nd fleet in Norfolk, Va., reports USNI News.   The move was recommended by outgoing Fleet Forces Command chief Adm. Phil Davidson and endorsed by Chief of Naval Operations Adm. John Richardson.   The new command will maintain training and operational authorities over assigned ships, aircraft and landing forces in support of U.S. and allied commanders, the Navy said.   The decision was driven in part by growing Russian military activity and global military competition.   The command is scheduled to stand up on July 1 with an initial manning of 11 officers and four enlisted personnel. The staff is expected to grow to 250.   Details such as the rank of the commander and how the command will work within the joint combatant commands are yet to be determined
Item Number:15 Date: 05/07/2018 USA - FATAL AVIATION ACCIDENTS REACH 6-YEAR HIGH (MAY 07/MILTIMES)  MILITARY TIMES -- Fatal military aviation accidents have reached a six-year high, according to a new Military Times investigation.   The grim record covers both the number of accidents and total fatalities, according to the May 6 report.   Since the beginning of fiscal 2018 on Oct. 1, 12 fatal accidents have killed 35 people, equal to the high set in 2016.   The rise in fatal aviation accidents "is not a crisis," said Pentagon Press Secretary Dana White on May 3.   The Military Times report suggests that deadly high-profile accidents like the crash of a WC-130 last week that killed nine members of the Puerto Rico Air National Guard are part of a larger trend.   Since automatic budget cuts began in 2013 as part of sequestration, aviation accidents of all varieties have increased 39 percent. Most of these incidents were minor, resulting in injuries that led to lost work days or cost between $50,000 and $500,000 to fix. Serious accidents leading to death of the pilot or crew, destruction of the aircraft or losses of more than $2 million are also on the rise, the newspaper said.   The causes of the rise largely stem from inadequate training, say aviators cited by the Military Times.   Slimmed downed budgets did not leave sufficient funds for training, said the sources. Reduced manpower and smaller squadrons led to near-constant deployments.   Despite an influx of funding in 2018 and an expected boost in 2019, Defense Secretary James Mattis warned that any fixes "will take years."  

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