Friday, April 13, 2018

TheList 4699

The List 4699
To All
I hope that you all have a great weekend
This Day In Naval History – April 13, 2018
April 13
            1847 - Naval Forces begin 5 day battle to capture several towns in Mexico
1940—USS J. Fred Talbott (DD 156) returns to the Panama Canal Zone after providing medical assistance to a passenger aboard Japanese steamship SS Arimasan Maru.
1942—USS Grayling (SS 209) sinks the Japanese freighter Ryujin Maru off Shikoku, Japan.
1944—USS Harder (SS 257) sinks the Japanese destroyer Ikazuchi, 180 miles SSW of Guam.
1952—During the Korean War, sorties launch from USS Philippine Sea (CV 47) and Boxer (CV 21) and deliver 200 tons of aircraft ordnance to the North Korean target area.
1960—The Navy's navigation satellite, Transit 1B, which demonstrates the first engine restart in space, is placed into orbit from Cape Canaveral, FL by Thor-Able-Star.
1981—AV-8A Harriers deploy as a Marine Air Group on board an amphibious assault ship for the first time.
1996—USS Carney (DDG 64) is commissioned at Mayport, FL, her homeport. The destroyer is the 14th of the Arleigh Burke-class and the first to be named after Adm. Robert Carney, the Chief of Naval Operations during the Eisenhower administration.
April 14
1898—The first post-Civil War hospital ship, USS Solace (AH 2) is commissioned and soon participates in the Spanish-American War attending to wounded servicemen from battles in Cuba.
1942—USS Roper (DD 147) sinks German submarine U 85 off the Virginia Capes.  Before being sunk by Roper, U 85 sank three Allied merchant vessels.
1945—USS Tirante (SS 240), commanded by Lt. Cmdr. George L. Street III, attacks a Japanese convoy in the approaches to the Yellow Sea and sinks a transport ship and two vessels. Street earns Medal of Honor for his actions.
1969—A North Korean aircraft shoots down an unarmed EC-121 propeller-driven Constellation, killing all 31 crewmembers on board. 
1988—During Operation Ernest Will, USS Samuel B. Roberts (FFG 58) strikes an Iranian mine off Qatar, injuring 10 sailors. Four days later, the U.S. Navy retaliates with Operation Praying Mantis, which strikes Iranian oil platforms, sinks an Iranian frigate, patrol ship, and damages another frigate.
April 15
1912—The scout cruisers USS Chester (CL 1) and USS Salem (CL 3) sail from Massachusetts to assist RMS Titanic survivors, and escort RMS Carpathia, which carried the survivors of the Titanic, to New York.
1918—First Marine Aviation Force, under the command of Capt. Alfred A. Cunningham, USMC, is formed at Marine Flying Field, Miami, FL.
1945—USS Frost (DE 144) and USS Stanton (DE 247) join to attack and sink German submarine U 880 and then German sub U 1235, north of the Azores.
1961—The first nuclear-powered frigate, USS Bainbridge (DLGN 25), is launched at Quincy, MA.
1962—USS Princeton (LPH 5) brings the first advisory unit to Vietnam and the Marine Medium Helicopter Squadron (HMM) 362 SocTrang, Mekong Delta, South Vietnam.
1986—Operation El Dorado Canyon begins. Navy aircraft from USS America (CV 66) and USS Coral Sea (CV 43) attack Libya.
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
Top national news includes excerpts from former FBI director James Comey's upcoming book, and President Trump directing his top trade and economic advisers to take a fresh look at the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade agreement.  In an interview with Defense News, CNO Adm. John Richardson laid out his acquisition strategy for a new large surface combatant that utilizes some of the tricks the Navy is employing on the FFG(X). Richardson highlighted three main focuses: using an existing hull to speed up acquisition, excess power capacity; and the ability to rapidly switch out programs. "I'd like to do the whole thing, well, as fast as possible but do it in the frigate timeframes: in terms of defining what we want, the requirements, getting industry involved, making it a very open competition," he said.  VCNO Adm. Bill Moran wrote in a blog about the recently released Annual Standards of Conduct Guidance.  He expands the guidance - normally directed at our flag officers - to the entire fleet, reminding that we must all act as standards-based leaders, who do what is right, which almost always exceeds the legal requirement.  Additionally, Rear Adm. Whitesell, CSG-4, wrote in a blog about the recent USS Harry S. Truman Carrier Strike Group C2X, which implemented Live, Virtual, Constructive (LVC) training for more advanced capabilities.
April 13
The Edict of Nantes grants political rights to French Huguenots.
Lord North extends the New England Restraining Act to South Carolina, Virginia, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Maryland. The act forbids trade with any country other than Britain and Ireland.
After 34 hours of bombardment, Union-held Fort Sumter surrenders to Confederates.
Union forces under Gen. Sherman begin their devastating march through Georgia.
J.C. Penny opens his first store in Kemmerer, Wyoming.
British forces kill hundreds of Indian nationalists in the Amritsar Massacre.
The first flight over Mount Everest is completed by Lord Clydesdale.
Vienna falls to Soviet troops.
The first navigational satellite is launched into Earth's orbit.
The U.N. General Assembly condemns South Africa because of apartheid.
Sidney Poitier becomes the first black individual to win an Oscar for best actor.
An oxygen tank explodes on Apollo 13, preventing a planned moon landing and jeopardizing the lives of the three-man crew.
The U.S. Federal Reserve begins issuing $2 bicentennial notes.
The world's longest doubles ping-pong match ends after 101 hours.
Thanks to Budd and several others …
You've probably seen this, but, if not, it is worth forwarding. 
it is about Electronic Warfare (EW) and is both highly interesting and scary. 

On Apr 11, 2018, at 9:42 PM,
Running through the search engines – pasting and plagiarizing whatever looks pertinent on the EW issues that would face any US "strike" on Syrian targets ala the pronouncements from the White House and the declaration from Mattis that "we are ready" – "Holy Shit," says I, "for what – a disaster?"  Bear with me…….Click on the below for the full story
During the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, the US Army invested an enormous amount of resources in spectrum-using C4ISR capabilities – our ground forces are Electromagnetic Spectrum (EMS) – enabled with wireless devices such as never before.  Every Soldier and vehicle became a sensor and a multiple emitter.  
We have "eyes" and "ears" that reach from ground platforms to aerostats to Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) to rotary and fixed-wing aircraft. All these platforms are networked via terrestrial radio or SATCOM.  Every element in a combat theater, from an RF logistics tag on a crate of parts to a Stryker to a Command Post, is dependent upon the spectrum.  "The U.S. has placed increasingly significant importance on information superiority as one of the keys to prevailing in conflict against other forces throughout the world. That superiority is built upon the sensing of ISR assets, the ability to communicate what these sensors see to all required elements of the fight, the geographic and temporal coordination of military forces, and using all of that to outmaneuver the actions of potential adversaries. The dependence on information has not gone unnoticed in the rest of the world," a 2015 Defense Science Board report concluded.
Quite a gal!!  I'm sure some of you knew her ...
Thanks to Frank …

With our thanks to THE Bear at
April 13, 2018   Bear Taylor 
RIPPLE SALVO… #769… PRINCETON-EDUCATED MAYOR OF SHANGHAI K.C. WU QUOTED IN 1945 ON AMERICAN IMPATIENCE WITH THE ALWAYS DIFFICULT PURSUIT OF PEACE: "Fighting is almost a way of life over here,' Mayor Wu explained, 'I know it's hard for you Americans to understand. You're all business, all efficiency. You want everything–including peace and war–tied up in a nice, neat package. It just doesn't work that way in Asia. We're not in a hurry–even if you are."… but first…
GOOD MORNING: Day SEVEN HUNDRED SIXTY-NINE of an OPEN on-line journal of the days of Operation Rolling Thunder–a battle fought in the air over North Vietnam fifty years ago… Readers are reminded that this is your opportunity to add your comments and tales of the times to the record and archives of this website…
THE WAR: Page 1: "BOMBERS RAKE RED FORCES–KILL 200 AT MEKONG DELTA–POUND ENEMY POSITIONS IN WIDE AREA OF SOUTH"… "American B52 bombers pounded enemy positions up and down South Vietnam in five missions today after killing 200 Viet Cong soldiers in a rare B52 strike in the Mekong Delta, the U.S. Command said. The B52s, which fly too high to be seen or heard from the ground, dropped tons of explosives Friday on enemy troop concentrations, weapons positions and a storage area in Vinh Binh Province 74 miles southwest of Saigon. South Vietnamese troops reported 200 Viet Cong bodies when they swept through the area four hours after the eight engine Stratofortresses struck. If the count is correct it is the largest number of enemy troops ever reported killed in a single B52 mission in nearly three years the giant bombers have been supporting allied forces in South Vietnam… Other B52 and fighter-bomber strikes today were against enemy buildup areas west of Kontum City in the Central Highlands near the Cambodian border, near Khesanh, and southwest of Hue…. In ground fighting, about 200 Viet  Cong troops attacked two platoons of the U>S.  196th Light Infantry Brigade in night defensive positions 11 miles west of coastal Tam Ky. 12 Americans were killed and 30 wounded and four enemy soldiers were known killed… elsewhere along the central coast South Korean troops reported killing 55 Viet Cong soldiers in a series of small clashes. Korean casualties were reported light… Units on Operation Complete Victory (sweeps around Saigon) the war's biggest allied operation, helicopter gunships were reported to have killed 20 Viet Cong 90 miles northwest of Saigon… Units on Operation Pegasus, a 20,000 man sweep, reported killing 53 enemy troops in scattered skirmishes near Khesanh."… Page 1: "Kin Of LBJ In Vietnam"…"President Johnson's son-in-law, Airman 1.C. Patrick J. Nugent, 24, arrived today at the U.S. Air Force Base at Cam Ranh Bay on South Vietnam's central coast…. The President's other son-in-law Marine Captain Charles S. Robb was in command of a rifle company in the Danang area. The President and the Johnson family will spend East weekend at the LBJ Ranch in Texas."…
A magazine of American Culture
Hollywood's Lone Ace
Roger McGrath - MARCH 03, 2016
Hollywood's Lone Ace Roger McGrath - MARCH 03, 2016
He is virtually unknown to Americans today, though he appeared in 65 movies and was the only actor to become an ace during World War II. Born in Los Angeles in 1914 to Nebraskan Bert DeWayne Morris and Texan Anna Fitzgerald, he would be christened with his father's name but go by Wayne Morris.
While attending Los Angeles City College, he began acting at the Pasadena Playhouse. Handsome, blond, blue-eyed, and 6'2", he was a striking figure. Succeeding wonderfully in a Warner Bros. screen test, he signed a contract with the studio and debuted in the role of the navigator for the trans-Pacific flight in China Clipper (1936).
Warner Bros. kept Morris busy with bit parts in six more movies during 1936-37 before he was cast in the principal supporting role in the western Land Beyond the Law (1937). Then came his title role in Kid Galahad (1937). Teamed with studio heavyweights Edward G. Robinson, Bette Davis, and Humphrey Bogart, Morris played an innocent and naive young boxer to perfection. The movie was both a critical and a box-office success. Morris appeared in a dozen more films, usually as the lead, before being cast as a pilot in Flight Angels (1940). His role would have significance far beyond whatever he could have imagined at the time.
To prepare for the role he began taking flying lessons. He was immediately hooked. By 1941 he was an accomplished and licensed pilot. With Japanese aggression increasing, he joined a Naval Reserve unit and earned a commission as an ensign.
None of this slowed his production at Warner Bros. He appeared in seven more movies following Flight Angels in 1940- 41, including I Wanted Wings, in which he played an Army Air Corps pilot. Activated following the Japanese sneak attack on Pearl Harbor, Morris was ordered to flight school. Before 1942 was out he had his wings of gold.
He desperately wanted to fly fighters in the Pacific, but the Navy thought it could best use him as an instructor at home where he could, as a prominent actor, also make p.r. appearances. Moreover, the Navy considered him too big to cram himself into the cockpit of a Grumman F4F Wildcat. Morris was not pleased when he was ordered to a Navy airfield at Hutchinson, Kansas, as a primary flight instructor. He began his assignment with resignation rather than enthusiasm.
But the plot was about to thicken. Morris was married to Patricia O'Rourke, a beautiful young actress. Her mother had a younger brother, Lt. Cmdr. David McCampbell, one of the Navy's most accomplished aviators. One day, McCampbell happened to fly into Hutchinson on a cross-country trip. Morris prevailed upon Uncle Dave to get him into the fight in the Pacific.
"Give me a letter," said McCampbell. McCampbell was able to push Morris's letter of request through the chain of command and get Morris transferred. However, Morris now found himself training in the PBY-the Navy still thought Morris too big for fighters-in Jacksonville, Florida. He reckoned that he would be flying reconnaissance and rescue missions in the Pacific. But Uncle Dave had been tasked with forming a fighter squadron and told Morris to give him another letter of request.
McCampbell later said that he only picked men for his squadron who had a burning desire to fly fighters in combat. His squadron would be flying the new Grumman F6F Hellcat, which was a far superior fighter in every way to the Wildcat but didn't have any more cockpit room-and pilots still had to sit on top of their parachute packs. It would be a very tight fit for Morris.
By September 1943 McCampbell had organized Fighter Squadron 15, which he would train intensely for the next several months. VF-15 was assigned to the carrier Hornet in January 1944, and training continued. Late in February, Hornet left Norfolk, Virginia, and sailed for Pearl Harbor. The training continued en route. However, once in Hawaii, not only VF-15 but all of Air Group 15 was detached from Hornet and stationed on Maui for still more training.
By the end of April when Morris and the other pilots were beginning to think they might spend the rest of the war training, Air Group 15 was assigned to Essex, which was bound for Majuro Lagoon in the Marshall Islands. Recently wrested from the Japanese, the Marshalls were being used by the Navy as a staging area for the invasion of the Marianas.
Essex arrived early in May but was soon off for raids on Japanese-held Marcus and Wake islands. With the invasion of the Marianas a month away this would give the young pilots of Air Group 15 a taste of the real thing: no aerial opposition, but intense anti-aircraft fire.
Several American planes were lost and nearly all, including Morris's, suffered damage. McCampbell's boys began hitting Saipan on June 11. Their primary targets were the seaplane base in Tanapag harbor, ships in the harbor, and military installations at Marpi Point. Now they were encountering several types of Japanese airplanes, including the famous Zeros. Near Garapan, the Hellcat pilots knocked three Zeros out of the sky.
On a second run later in the day McCampbell himself shot down a Zero. In his after-action report, McCampbell noted that the Hellcat could stay with the Zero in turns and when climbing, something the Wildcat had been unable to do. The Zero was the Japanese Navy's Mitsubishi A6M5, called "Zeke" in U.S. Navy identification code.
Wayne Morris was in a group of Hellcats that destroyed several seaplane ramps and nearly a dozen seaplanes, either in water or on Marpi Point. Then Morris sighted a "Mavis"-the code for the Kawanishi flying boat-that had gotten airborne. A large, four-engine seaplane with a crew of nine, the Mavis was armed with four .30-caliber machine guns and one 20mm cannon. The Japanese normally used the plane for long-range reconnaissance, but it could also be loaded with more than 2,000 pounds of bombs. Morris dove on the big bird and opened up with his Hellcat's six .50-caliber Browning machine guns. The Mavis rocked and rolled, and plummeted into the ocean. Lieutenant Morris had his first aerial victory.
Morris got his first Zero a week later in the Great Marianas Turkey Shoot, the name Navy aviators gave to the airborne phase of the Battle of the Philippine Sea. He and others of VF-15 were flying cover for torpedo planes and dive bombers of Air Group 15 when four Zeros dropped out of clouds and began a run on the bombers. Morris took on the lead Zero. The Hellcat and the Zero each banked and dove and rolled, but it was Morris's rounds that took effect. The Zero began smoking, nosed over, and plunged straight down thousands of feet to the water below.
On the way back to Essex, Morris spotted a Zero flying just above the surface of the sea. Reckoning he could bag his second Zero of the day, Morris dove on the Japanese fighter. Much to his surprise, the enemy pilot had seen him coming and maneuvered out of harm's way. Morris made another pass with the same results. Three other Hellcats joined in the hunt-but no luck for them, either, as the Japanese pilot dazzled them with his aerobatics. "He went through every stunt in the books (and some not in) and, as far as I know, escaped unharmed," wrote Lt. Cmdr. Jim Rigg in his after-action report. Morris and the other three aviators from Fighting Fifteen had probably encountered one of the old pros of the Japanese air wing, a pilot who had been in action since the invasion of China in 1937.
Something less speculative was also revealed-the Zero could outmaneuver the Hellcat at low altitude. While the Hellcat was a far more powerful plane, it was also far heavier than the Zero. In the thin air of 20,000 feet this wasn't much of a disadvantage, but in the dense air of low altitudes the weight of the Hellcat, despite its superior horsepower, made it less maneuverable.
For the next two months VF-15 hit targets not only on Saipan but on Guam and Tinian. Most of the time the Hellcats were used to bomb and strafe. Their enemy was anti-aircraft fire. After the Turkey Shoot, the skies had been nearly cleared of Japanese planes, so more aerial victories would have to wait.
In September, Essex and other American carriers began launching strikes against the Palau Islands, especially Peleliu. McCampbell led the first sweep. Neither he nor any of his pilots were able to add to their kill totals because they caught the Japanese planes on the ground. They destroyed dozens of them, but under Navy and Marine Corps regulations only planes destroyed in the air counted as kills. After several days of pounding the Palaus, Essex and other carriers were ordered to sail west to the Philippines and strike at Mindanao airfields.
On the first sweep, Morris and two other VF-15 pilots spotted a Japanese patrol plane and blew it out of the sky. Several days later over Negros Island, Morris shot down his second Zero. Later the same day, he and Ens. Ken Flinn jumped a "Nate," the code for the Nakajima Ki-27 fighter-the Japanese Army's equivalent to the Navy's Zero. Morris's first burst caused the Nate to begin smoking. Flinn followed with a burst that caused the already badly damaged fighter to erupt in flames and roll into a spiral dive that ended in the ocean. Minutes later Morris and Flinn went after a Zero that was on the tail of a Hellcat. Morris fired, and the Zero exploded in a ball of flame.
A minute later, Morris found himself flying directly into an oncoming Nate. He hit the Nate with a single burst before banking steeply. In the meantime, Flinn circled in behind the Nate and finished off the already crippled fighter. During the rest of September, Morris got no more aerial victories but, together with his wingman and other pilots, was credited with putting a Japanese submarine out of action and sinking two freighters and several patrol boats.
Then, in October, in a strike at Okinawa, Morris dove on a "Tony" and sent it spiraling into the sea. The Tony was Japan's most modern fighter, the Kawasaki Ki-61, which featured an inline, liquid-cooled engine that had been copied from the Daimler-Benz engine that powered the German Me109. Morris now not only had the big three of Japanese fighters but was an ace.
Later in October came the epic, four-part Battle for Leyte Gulf, and McCampbell and his boys were active in the air over the Sibuyan Sea. Morris got one Zero easily while making a high pass. His second kill of the day proved far more difficult. He fired at two oncoming Zeros, but his rounds either missed or had no effect. He banked steeply to come around and try again, but found the Zeros turning with him. He didn't think much of his chances in tight turns against two Zeros and ducked into a cloud. Instead of going through the cloud and emerging on its other side, he circled inside the cloud and came out where he had entered. Just as he had hoped, he found the Japanese waiting for him on the cloud's other side. He got behind them and shot one down, sending the other scurrying for home.
Morris was in no condition to pursue-his Hellcat was riddled with bullets, the engine was coughing, and hydraulic fluid was running into the cockpit.
For another month Morris and his fellow fighter pilots in VF-15 continued to pound enemy targets in the Philippines, but now it was mostly ships and land installations. By and large, Japanese planes had been driven from the skies. By the end of November, Air Group 15 had completed its tour, and Morris and the rest transferred to Bunker Hill, which was headed to Pearl Harbor.
Morris's war was over. He returned home with the Distinguished Flying Cross (four awards) and the Air Medal (two awards), among other decorations. It had not been easy. Three of the Hellcats he flew had been so damaged by Japanese fire, either from the ground or air, that they were stripped of their serviceable parts and pushed overboard. Yet Morris said it was not the Japanese he feared the most, but his own shipmates. "Every time they showed a picture aboard Essex, I was scared to death it would be one of mine. That's something I could never have lived down."
Morris returned to Hollywood and appeared in another three-dozen movies, usually as the lead in B westerns. In 1959, he was visiting his old commander and uncle-in-law, Dave McCampbell, now a captain and skipper of Bon Homme Richard. While watching the carrier's pilots put on an aerial display, Morris collapsed and died of a heart attack. Hollywood's lone ace was 45.
Via Bob Souders
8 April 2016
Item Number:1 Date: 04/13/2018 CHINA - LIVE-FIRE NAVAL EXERCISE SCHEDULED IN TAIWAN STRAIT (APR 13/BLOOMBERG)  BLOOMBERG NEWS -- China says it will hold live-fire drills in the Taiwan Strait later this month, reports Bloomberg News.   President Xi Jinping announced the drills, scheduled for April 18, during a fleet review on Friday in Sanya on the island of Hainan in the South China Sea.   The live-fire drills in the contentious waters that separate China from Taiwan would be the first such exercises in over two years, noted Bloomberg.   The fleet review, which surveyed 48 vessels, 76 aircraft and more than 10,000 personnel, was one of the largest since Xi took power.   Ships were grouped by combat functions: strategic strike, submerged attack, open-sea operations, aircraft carrier strike, amphibious landing, offshore waters defense, and comprehensive support, reported Xinhua, China's state news agency.   The expansion of China's navy will continue, Xi promised.   In Taiwan, President Tsai Ing-wen watched naval forces defend against a simulated attack on the island amid increasing tensions between the two neighbors.   Aboard the Keelung destroyer, Tsai watched troops practice defending the northeastern port of Suao, reported Agence France-Presse. It was her first time observing drills from a ship deck.   "I believe our countrymen will have great faith in the military's combat capabilities and its determination to defend our country after today's drill," she said.   Tsai described the proposed Chinese drills as "routine" and said that her country would monitor the situation.    
  Item Number:2 Date: 04/13/2018 FRANCE - MACRON SHARPENS RHETORIC AGAINST ALLEGED CHEMICAL WEAPONS ATTACK IN SYRIA (APR 13/WP)  WASHINGTON POST -- President Emmanuel Macron says that France has "proof" of a chemical attack in Syria last week and insisted that such crimes not go unpunished, reports the Washington Post.   "We have the proof that chemical weapons -- at least chlorine gas -- were used by Assad's regime," Macron told France's TF1 network on Thursday. Macron did not reveal the source of his information.   The statement was strongest yet from a leader regarding suspected chemical weapons usage in Syria. Defense Secretary James Mattis has been more reserved in his analysis, saying that U.S. intelligence agencies were still putting together a complete picture about what occurred in Douma.   Macron's comments bring him closer to public statements by British Prime Minister Theresa May and U.S. President Donald Trump.   Trump has threatened to strike Syrian military sites in response to the alleged chemical weapons attack on the rebel-held city of Douma on April 7. Dozens of people were killed, reported Reuters.   May has reportedly ordered British submarines to move within striking range.   The French president has long declared that the use of chemical weapons in Syria would be a "red line" that would trigger retaliation. Macron indicated that any military response would take place when it would be "most effective."  
AFTER ROUTINE INTERCEPT OF TURKISH JET; PILOT KILLED (APR 13/KATH)  KATHIMERINI -- A Greek air force pilot was killed after his Mirage 2000-5 fighter jet crashed northeast of Skyros in the Aegean Sea on Thursday, reports the Kathimerini (Athens) Newspaper.   A pair of Greek Mirage 2000-5s were conducting a routine engagement of Turkish F-16 fighters that reportedly entered Greek airspace. By the time the two Mirage 2000-5s reached the area, the Turkish jets had returned to their own airspace.   Greek and Turkish fighter pilots frequently engage in dogfights over the Aegean Sea. The aircraft are often unarmed and rarely employ weapons, noted Business Insider.   The pilot of the second Mirage did not see any ejection attempt or a parachute.   The pilot's death was announced by Greek Defense Minister Panos Kammenos after a search-and-recovery effort.    
  Item Number:6 Date: 04/13/2018 ISRAEL - AIRSTRIKE KILLS HAMAS GUNMAN AS TENSIONS SIMMER (APR 13/REU)  REUTERS -- An Israeli airstrike has killed a Hamas gunman and wounded another in the Gaza Strip, reports Reuters.   The strike on Thursday was a response to a bomb attack on an Israeli military vehicle on the border of Gaza the day before, said Israeli officials. There were no casualties in that attack.   The strikes were made after the gunmen opened fire on the aircraft.   The men were manning an observation post east of Gaza City, a security source told Agence France-Presse.   Separately, another man was shot and killed after he approached the border in southern Gaza, near the town of Khan Younis. He died in the hospital, according to Palestinian medical officials.   Palestinians in Gaza have been holding protests ahead of the 70th anniversary of the founding of Israel next month.   Israel has imposed a buffer zone on the Palestinian side of the wall and warned protesters against breaching it.   Israel has been accused of using excessive force against the demonstrators. At least 32 Palestinian protesters have been killed by IDF fire since large-scale protests started on March 30.   Israel has accused protesters of using the protests to attack its soldiers and destroy security installations along the border
  Item Number:9 Date: 04/13/2018 RUSSIA - KUZNETSOV CARRIER EXPECTED TO RETURN TO SERVICE IN 2021 (APR 13/INT-AVN)  INTERFAX-MILITARY NEWS AGENCY -- The overhaul of Russia's lone aircraft carrier, the Admiral Kuznetsov, will be completed by 2020 and the ship will re-enter service in 2021, said Deputy Defense Minister Yury Borisov on Thursday, as reported by Interfax-AVN.   The modernization includes the replacement of all boilers and other equipment, Borisov said. Previous reports suggested that the modernization budget for the Kuznetsov was cut in half and the scope of proposed improvements reduced.   The modernization and refit will be performed at Murmansk Ship Maintenance Plant and will extend the service life of the Kuznetsov by approximately 25 years, reported the Diplomat (Tokyo).   The Kuznetsov, which entered service in 1991, was deployed near Syria until early 2017.     
  Item Number:11 Date: 04/13/2018 SOMALIA - AL-SHABAAB TARGETS LOCAL OFFICIALS IN BOMB ATTACK AT SOCCER GAME IN BARAWE (APR 13/CNN)  CABLE NEWS NETWORK -- At least five people have been killed and 10 more injured in an Al-Shabaab terrorist attack on a soccer game in southern Somalia, reports CNN.   Hundreds of fans crowded into a soccer stadium in the port city of Barawe when the bomb went off on Thursday night.   The Al-Shabaab terrorist group claimed responsibility for the attack, saying it targeted local officials. The officials were not seated at the time of the blast, police officials said.   The bomb was likely detonated remotely, said local officials cited by Reuters.  
  Item Number:13 Date: 04/13/2018 USA - ARMY, MARINES WORKING TOGETHER TO REPLACE 5.56-MM RIFLE ROUND (APR 13/MIL)  MILITARY.COM -- The U.S. Marine Corps has confirmed that it is cooperating with the Army to field a more potent standard infantry rifle round, reports   Brig Gen. Joseph Shrader, the head of Marine Corps Systems Command, said that his service is "in lockstep with [the Army] looking at a new round."   The Marine Corps has not previously publicly expressed the same concern with the existing 5.56-mm round as the Army.   Shrader said he was not sure if the effort would lead to a new infantry weapon for the Corps.   Army leaders have told Congress that the 5.56-mm NATO round has insufficient penetration capabilities against contemporary body armor. The service says it is looking for a replacement round sized between the 5.56-mm and 7.62-mm rounds.   The Army has experimented with a 6.5-mm case-telescoped round that seats the bullet inside a polymer shell casing. The round reduces individual cartridge weight by more than one-third compared to a brass cartridge of the same caliber and gunpowder capacity.   Textron has developed a prototype, but it is still too heavy, according to Army officials. The service has opened the program to industry to produce new prototypes for trials.   The Army has advanced its Next-Generation Squad Weapon schedule by three years and wants an initial capability by 2022 or 2023
  Item Number:16 Date: 04/13/2018 USA - PENTAGON HALTS DELIVERIES OF F-35 OVER COST OF REPAIRS (APR 13/REU)  REUTERS -- The U.S. Dept. of Defense has temporarily stopped accepting most F-35 Lightning II fighter jet deliveries amid a disagreement with manufacturer Lockheed Martin over who is responsible for fixing defective jets delivered last year, reports Reuters.   "The F-35 Joint Program Office has temporarily suspended accepting aircraft until we reach an agreement on a contractual issue," said a Lockheed Martin spokeswoman on Wednesday.   Production is continuing and Lockheed anticipates meeting its delivery objective of 91 aircraft for 2018, she said.   F-35 deliveries stopped from Sept. 21 to Oct. 20 last year after corrosion was found on fastener holes of F-35As being repaired at Hill Air Force Base, Utah, noted Defense News. More than 200 jets were found to be in need of repair.   A fix was developed allowing deliveries to resume and Lockheed met its delivery goals for 2017.   Deliveries were halted again over disagreement about who will pay for the repair, sources said. A potential solution could prove costly and logistically challenging.   At least two foreign customers have stopped accepting F-35s as a result of the ongoing dispute, said anonymous sources.

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