Thursday, April 12, 2018

TheList 4697

The List 4697

To All
A bit of history and some tidbits.
This Day In Naval History – April 11, 2018
April 11
1783—Congress declares the cessation of arms against Great Britain, just a few days after British Parliament passed a similar resolution, thus ending hostilities of the American Revolution.
1900 - Navy accepted its first submarine, USS Holland
1944—USS Redfin (SS 272) sinks the Japanese destroyer Akigumo in the eastern entrance to Basilan Strait.
1945—The kamikaze attacks during the Okinawa Campaign damage eight U.S. Navy ships.
1970 - Launch of Apollo 13, commanded by CAPT James A. Lovell, Jr., USN.
Former naval aviator Fred W. Haise, Jr. was the Lunar Module Pilot. While
200,000 miles from Earth there was an explosion on board which forced Apollo 13 to circle the moon without landing. Mission duration was 5 days,
22 hours, and 54 minutes. Recovery was by HS-4 helicopters from USS Iwo Jima (LPH-2).
1991—The U.N. Security Council declares a formal cease-fire ending the Persian Gulf War.
1992—USS Annapolis (SSN 760) is commissioned at the Electric Boat Division at Groton, CT. The 10th of the Los Angeles "improved" class of attack submarines, she is homeported at Groton.
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
In national news headlines today, media are reporting that Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg appeared before Congress on Tuesday and apologized for his company's failure to protect users' information in the wake of the Cambridge Analytica scandal, and that Arizona educators may follow the lead of  educators in other states throughout the country to protest years of cuts and lower spending. The Wall Street Journal reports that the Trump administration is rallying international support for a possible military strike against Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. So far France, the U.K. and Saudi Arabia have voiced support for a unified response that could likely prove more extensive than last year's U.S. attack on a Syrian airfield. USNI News reports that U.S. Fleet Forces commander Adm. Phil Davidson has been nominated to lead U.S. Pacific Command. Additionally, the Associated Press reports that the USS Theodore Roosevelt sailed through the South China Sea on Tuesday.
April 11
The forces of the Holy League are heavily defeated by the French at the Battle of Ravenna.
The Treaty of Utrecht is signed, ending the War of Spanish Succession. France cedes Maritime provinces to Britain.
After receiving a copy of the provisional treaty on 13 March, Congress proclaims a formal end to hostilities with Great Britain.
Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to Elba.
American President William McKinley asks Congress for declaration of war with Spain.
German bombers blitz Coventry, England.
Detachment 101 of the OSS--a guerrilla force--is activated in Burma.
After two frustrating days of being repulsed and absorbing tremendous casualties, the Red Army finally takes the Seelow Heights north of Berlin.
President Truman fires General Douglas MacArthur as head of United Nations forces in Korea.
Israel begins the trial of Adolf Eichman, accused of war crimes during WWII.
Folk singer Bob Dylan performs in New York City for the first time, opening for John Lee Hooker.
President Johnson signs the 1968 Civil Rights Act.
The Judiciary committee subpoenas President Richard Nixon to produce tapes for impeachment inquiry.
President Ronald Reagan returns to the White House from hospital after recovery from an assassination attempt.
Dodge Morgan sails solo nonstop around the world in 150 days.
The United Nations Security Council issues formal ceasefire with Iraq.
Forty-three African nations sign the African Nuclear Weapons Free Zone Treaty.
From Andrews' Raiders to the Escadrille Americaine by  W. Thomas Smith Jr.
This Week in American Military History:
Apr. 11, 1783:  British forces having been defeated in the former colonies, the Congress of the Confederation (the post-Continental Congress precursor to the U.S. Congress) declares a "cessation of arms" between the U.S. and Great Britain.
A portion of the declaration reads: "…we hereby strictly Charge and Command all our Officers, both by Sea and Land, and others, Subjects of these United States, to Forbear all Acts of Hostility, either by Sea or by Land, against His Britannic Majesty or his Subjects, from and after the respective Times agreed upon between their Most Christian and Britannic Majesties as aforesaid."
Apr. 11, 1951:  Pres. Harry S. Truman relieves Gen. Douglas MacArthur of command of U.S. and United Nations forces in Korea, replacing MacArthur with Gen. Matthew Ridgway.
Truman fires MacArthur for reasons centered around the president's desire for a limited war in Korea; MacArthur's insistent, outspoken desire to expand the war (which Truman feared would lead to a third world war); and a personality clash between the two men making it difficult for the president to control his subordinate general. In eight days, MacArthur – a Medal of Honor recipient and one of America's greatest generals – will address a joint session of Congress and utter the now-famous line, "old soldiers never die; they just fade away."
Apr. 12, 1861:  Confederate Brig. Gen. Pierre G.T. Beauregard's artillery forces – strategically positioned around Charleston harbor, S.C. – open fire on Union-held Fort Sumter (constructed atop shoals at the harbor entrance). Unable to effectively return fire and with his position indefensible, Union Army Maj. Robert Anderson will surrender the fort: The garrison will be evacuated on the 14th. The firing on Fort Sumter is considered to be the opening engagement of the Civil War. Technically it is; though shots were fired in January by militia batteries – including a battery manned by cadets of the Citadel (the Military College of South Carolina) – on the U.S. commercial paddlesteamer "Star of the West" in Charleston harbor.
Apr. 12, 1862:  Andrews' Raiders – an ad hoc Union Army commando force (22 Ohio Infantrymen led by civilian spy James J. Andrews) – commandeer a Confederate train at Big Shanty, Georgia during an operation aimed at disrupting the rail-line between Atlanta and Chattanooga. Following a dramatic pursuit known today as "the Great Locomotive Chase,"
the raiders will be caught. Many will escape. Eight of them, including Andrews, will be convicted of espionage and executed. Nineteen of the raiders will be awarded the Medal of Honor (many of them posthumously). Six will become the first-ever recipients of the Medal of Honor.
Apr. 16, 1916:  The Escadrille Americaine – a group of volunteer American pilots flying for the French military air service – is established. The Escadrille Americaine will become known as the Escadrille Lafayette (also Lafayette Escadrille), and in 1918 it will be absorbed into the 103rd Pursuit Squadron of the new U.S. Army Air Service.
Apr. 16, 1986:  Several hours before dawn – on the 70th birthday of the Escadrille Americaine – U.S. Air Force and Navy warplanes roar into Libyan airspace and begin a series of blistering airstrikes against military and terrorist targets.
Code-named El Dorado Canyon, the attacks are in retaliation for Libyan-leader Col. Muammar Qaddafi's direct involvement in terrorist attacks against Americans worldwide.
The U.S. operation is built around two primary strike groups: U.S. Air Force F-111 fighter-bombers based in the United Kingdom, and carrier-based
A-6 Intruders, A-7 Corsairs, and F/A-18 Hornets from USS America and USS Coral Sea operating in the Mediterranean with F-14 Tomcats flying combat air patrol over the carriers.
In his post-attack address to the nation, Pres. Ronald Reagan says, "Today we have done what we had to do. If necessary, we shall do it again."
Apr. 17, 1847:  U.S. Army forces under the command of Gen. Winfield Scott outmaneuver, drive from a superior position, inflict heavy losses, and decisively defeat a numerically superior Mexican Army under Gen. Antonio L√≥pez de Santa Anna at Cerro Gordo.
Apr. 17, 1961:  More than 1,500 CIA-trained and financed Cuban freedom fighters – members of Brigade 2506 or "Brigada Asalto" – hit the beach at several points along the Cuban coastline including the Bay of Pigs (Bahia de Cochinos), while nearly 180 "Free Cuba" paratroopers begin landing north of the beachhead. The goal is to overthrow the communist regime of Fidel Castro But myriad problems – including inadequate reconnaissance, a failure of the locals to rise up in support of the landings, and too much tactical interference from Washington – quickly doom the effort. Sealing the fate of the landing forces is Pres. John F. Kennedy's refusal to authorize promised American air and naval gunfire support. Though a stain on American politics, the courage exhibited by the participating Americans and free Cubans will prove to be exemplary. The operation exists today as a textbook example of how not to win.
Thanks to the Naval History and Heritage Command
Submarine Force's 118th Birthday.
Happy Birthday Submariners! The submarine force will celebrate its birthday on April 11. On March 17, 1898, the Navy's first submarine, Holland VI, successfully passed rigorous diving and surfacing testing in the waters off Staten Island, NY. She was the first submarine to have the power to run submerged for any considerable distance. The Navy purchased her on April 11, 1900, for $150,000 and ordered six more submarines of her type. Upon commissioning on Oct. 12, 1900, the Navy renamed her USS Holland (SS-1) after engineer John Philip Holland, who was responsible for her design. To see how far submarines have come, check out the Evolution of the U.S. Navy Submarine infographic at NHHC's website.
Have you ever wondered why morning coffee is called "cuppa Joe" or why gossip is synonymous with the term "scuttlebutt?" Now you can learn the origins of Navy language courtesy of this week's Webpage of the Week, Speak Like a Sailor, on NHHC's Heritage webpages. Learn nautical terms and phrases with their meaning and origin defined. Immerse yourself in infographics that tell us the meaning of "Side Boys" and "Field Day." Check it out today.
With our thanks to THE Bear at
April 11, 2018  Bear Taylor  
RIPPLE SALVO… #767… WALTER LaFEBER's THE DEADLIEST BET: LBJ, VIETNAM AND THE 1968 ELECTIONS: Borrowing and extracting liberally from LaFeber's superb little book, Humble Host brings a sobering observation of Alexis de Tocqueville to the RTR commemoration of the 1,337-day air war coded Rolling Thunder. "Those who knew their history, should not have been surprised at the possible contradiction between fighting wars and maintaining democracy. One hundred and thirty years earlier (than the mid-1960s) Alexis de Tocqueville , perhaps the most observant foreign visitor ever to analyze the United States, had issued a warning to future generations of Americans in his classic two-volume work Democracy in America. A 'protracted war,' the French aristocrat wrote, would endanger American democracy not because a victorious general would take over in the manner of Sulla and Caesar' but because war centralizes power. Tocqueville implied that Americans would allow such slow centralization (and loss of liberty) in return for the state giving them the comfort of security from outside threats. War 'is the surest and the shortest means,' he summarized, for those who want to destroy democratic liberties."…  see Ripple Salvo below…   but first…
Good Morning: Day SEVEN HUNDRED SIXTY-SEVEN remembering the events and participants of Operation Rolling Thunder fought fifty years ago by Yankee Air Pirates and Red River Rats…
Page 1: "U.S. REJECTS WARSAW AS PEACE TALKS SITE"… "Despite an official Hanoi proposal that peace talk preliminaries be held in Warsaw, Poland, a White House spokesman said today this government is pressing for 'an appropriate site in neutral territory… 'The United States government has proposed a number of neutral countries as possible sites for contacts, and we have not yet had any response to this proposal.' "…
Page 1: "LONG FIGHT FOR OPEN HOUSING ENDS–AS HOUSE PASSES CIVIL RIGHTS BILL–LBJ Hails Action On Plan"… "Congressional passage of landmark open-housing legislation has won applause from civil rights leaders along with renewed demands for massive federal attacks on shabby housing and unemployment in riot-prone slums. A 250 to 171 House vote Wednesday sent to the White house a civil rights bill to outlaw discrimination in the sale or rental of 86 per cent of the Nation's housing by 1970."… Page 1: "KANSAS CITY VIOLENCE KILLS 5–REST OF NATION REMAINS CALM" … "Five Negroes died during a second might of racial violence in Kansas City but elsewhere there were only scattered and sporadic incidents as the nation's troubled cities edged back toward normalcy."… Page 2: "46 BODIES FOUND, 13 MISSING IN NEW ZEALAND FERRY MISHAP"… "Searcher's in patrol boats an mountaineers scouring Wellington harbor's rocky shoreline have found 46 bodies from the ferry Wahine which sank Wednesday in a wild storm…"… Page 3: "MARCH TO WASHINGTON LURES KING's WIDOW"… "The Southern Christian Leadership Conference will conduct a 'poor people's' march on Washington next month despite the murder of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. organizer to the crusade."… Page 4: "NEGRO MAYOR KEEPS IT COOL–GUIDES CLEVELAND PEACEFULLY"… "Since the night Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated Cleveland Mayor Carl Stokes has gone into the city's Negro areas with the message: Cool It! Stokes' message has paid off. There has been no racial disturbances in this city, which  has about 280,000 Negroes."… Page 5: "SENATE REJECTS HOUSE SUPPLEMENTAL MONEY BILL–WANTS MORE MONEY FOR SUMMER JOBS"… "…for needy youths and pre-school aid for slum children."…
Page 1: THE WAR… COMBAT DEATHS TAKE SHARP DROP"… "The number of American troops killed in combat in Vietnam last week was the lowest in two and a half months …U.S. headquarters said 279 U.S. troops were killed in combat during the week that ended last Saturday. …the drop reflected a lull in the fighting that has been developing for the past month. However, the number of U.S. wounded last week totaled 3,190, only 696 less than the week before, and the South Vietnamese command said its dead increased from 393 the week before to 407 last week. enemy casualties also were considerable… The Americans reported 2,251 enemy killed last week."… DURING THE KHESANH SIEGE… In a special casualty report the U.S. Command said only 93 American troops were killed during the 76-day siege of Khesanh and 400 wounded troops were evacuated from the Marine combat base just below the demilitarized zone. …The enemy hot the base with a total of 9,891 rounds of artillery, rocket and mortars, while American forces responded with 104,741 rounds and U.S. planes dropped about 103,500 tons of bombs in the area before the siege was lifted last week. Meanwhile the lull in the ground war continued with no significant contact…Operation Complete Victory is now in its fourth day."…
Thanks to Dutch
And the left responds, typically, with vitriol – no wonder we are so divided - Dutch
Pistol-packing 'Women for Trump' graduation photo brings torrent of 'hate'
'I did think that it would get a little attention but not to this degree'Brenna Spencer

College senior Brenna Spencer, 22, poses outside the Hunter Museum of American Art in Chattanooga, Tennessee, April 7, 2018. (Image: Twitter, Brenna Spencer, screenshot)
By Douglas Ernst - The Washington Times - Tuesday, April 10, 2018
All it took for University of Tennessee senior Brenna Spencer to spark a viral gun debate was a "Women for Trump" shirt and a personal handgun.
Gun control advocates were none too pleased this week when a 22-year-old "Volunteer" attracted nearly 75,000 "likes" to her graduation picture. Reactions to the pro-Second Amendment image also garnered the attention of media outlets ranging from ABC News to The New York Post.
"I did think that it would get a little attention but not to this degree," Ms. Spencer told ABC for an interview published Monday. "It was really, really surprising to see the amount of hate that I got."
The photo was taken Saturday outside the Hunter Museum of American Art in Chattanooga.
"I don't take normal college graduation photos," a caption with her tweet says.
Some of the negative feedback included: "Female Trump supporters are hurting the cause of empowering women by supporting Trump, who has zero respect for women or their rights."
"The only thing that looks right in this pic is if you're thinking of jumping [off the bridge]."
"White privilege at its finest!"
"This picture screams #walmart #peopleofwalmart."
"Looking like her Dad and Mom are second cousins."
"Yet her white ass would still bash [people of color] for gun violence. I f—g hate trump America."
"I don't agree with just supporting women blindly just because they're women. Female Trump supporters couldn't care less about women's rights."
Ms. Spencer denied claims that she illegally carried her Smith & Wesson firearm inside the museum. 
"I know the Tennessee state gun codes," she told ABC. "I carry everywhere that I'm allowed to carry."
The young woman works as a field representative for the conservative nonprofit Turning
Item Number:1 Date: 04/11/2018 AFRICA - TOP SENATOR URGES ASSIGNING OF SECURITY ASSISTANCE BRIGADE TO AFRICOM (APR 11/D1)  DEFENSE ONE -- Jim Inhofe (R-Okla.) is pushing for U.S. Africa Command to have its own permanently assigned troops, reports Defense One.   Inhofe, the acting chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee for ailing Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.), wants to assign one of the Army's new Security Force Assistance Brigades (SFAB) to AFRICOM.   On April 9, the senator wrote to Army Secretary Mark Esper seeking the secretary's views on "the feasibility and suitability" of assigning one of the units to the command.   Inhofe believes that the SFAB mission of building partner capacity is particularly well suited for U.S. military missions in Africa.   The U.S. Army plans to establish six SFABs, including one in the National Guard. The first brigade is currently deployed to Afghanistan, while the second is forming at Fort Bragg, N.C., reported Defense News.   Three more of the brigades are schedule to stand up in 2019.   AFRICOM has no permanently assigned forces and must compete with others for units through the Pentagon's force management process, the senator said.  
  Item Number:2 Date: 04/11/2018 ALGERIA - SCORES KILLED IN MILITARY TRANSPORT CRASH NEAR ALGIERS (APR 11/WP)  WASHINGTON POST -- An Algerian military cargo aircraft has crashed, killing 257 people, reports the Washington Post.   The Il-76 transport went down shortly after taking off from an airbase south of Algiers, said the Algerian Ministry of Defense. The aircraft was headed to Bechar in southwestern Algeria.   The death toll included 247 passengers and 10 crewmembers. The passengers included soldiers and their families, said the ministry.   The aircraft was scheduled to stop in the town of Tindouf along the Moroccan border, where there are refugee camps for people from Western Sahara who have fled the conflict with Morocco.   Twenty-six of the fatalities were members of the Polisario Front, which is contesting Morocco's control of Western Sahara, said Djamel Ould Abbes, the secretary-general of Algeria's ruling FLN party.   Algeria supports the Polisario Front in its fight for Western Saharan independence
Item Number:3 Date: 04/11/2018 ISRAEL - ISRAELI FORCES PREPARE FOR POTENTIAL IRANIAN RETALIATION (APR 11/TOI)  TIMES OF ISRAEL -- Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has been meeting with key defense officials after Iran threatened to retaliate for an airstrike in Syria that killed at least seven Iranian advisers, reports the Times of Israel.   Monday's airstrike was widely attributed to Israel. The Israeli government has declined to comment on the attack.   The target of the attack was an "advanced system" that could have threatened Israel's air superiority over Lebanon and Syria, reported Israel's Hadashot TV news.   On Wednesday, Netanyahu met with Lt. Gen. Gadi Eizenkot, the chief of General Staff; National Security Adviser Meir Ben-Shabbat; Maj. Gen. Tamir Hyman, the head of military intelligence; air force chief Maj. Gen. Amikam Norkin; and Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman to discuss the security situation.   During a visit to Syria on Tuesday, a top adviser to Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei said that "the crimes will not remain unanswered," reported the semi-official Fars news agency.  
  Item Number:4 Date: 04/11/2018 LITHUANIA - NATO ALLIES JOIN ANNUAL ANTI-TANK EXERCISE IN PABRADE (APR 11/BNS)  BALTIC NEWS SERVICE -- The Lithuanian military has kicked off an annual multinational anti-tank exercise at the Pabrade range in the country's east, reports the Baltic News Service.   The Hunter exercise, which began on Monday, includes over 700 soldiers from eight NATO allies participating in the alliance's Enhanced Forward Presence battalions in Latvia and Lithuania.   Taking part are troops from Canada, Croatia, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain and the United States. Croatia, France, the Netherlands and Spain have joined the drills for the first time.   The exercise covers the employment of anti-tank weapons and air support call procedures. It is designed to improve tactical skills, unit management skills, prepare troops for enemy armored tactics and share experience among the participants.   The drills are scheduled to conclude on April 20.  
  Item Number:5 Date: 04/11/2018 QATAR - AIR FORCE SEEKS GUIDED ROCKETS FOR NEW ATTACK HELICOPTERS (APR 11/DSCA)  U.S. DEFENSE SECURITY COOPERATION AGENCY -- The U.S. State Dept. has approved a potential sale of guided rocket systems to Qatar, reports the U.S. Defense Security Cooperation Agency.   The proposed US$300 million deal covers 5,000 Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System II (APKWS II) guidance sections; 5,000 MK66-4 2.75 inch (70-mm) rocket motors; 5,000 high-explosive warheads; inert rocket motors and warheads; spare parts; and associated technical and logistics support.   The Qatari air force plans to employ the rockets with its new fleet of 24 AH-64E attack helicopters.   APKWS provides a low-cost precision strike capability that will expand the air force's options for counterterrorism operations, the agency said
Item Number:6 Date: 04/11/2018 RUSSIA - LAVROV VOICES SUPPORT FOR U.S.-NORTH KOREAN DIALOGUE (APR 11/REU)  REUTERS -- Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov has expressed support for talks between North Korea and the United States during a meeting with Ri Yong Ho, his North Korean counterpart, reports Reuters.   The talks on Tuesday in Moscow covered North Korea's nuclear and missile programs and tensions between Pyongyang and Washington, Lavrov said.   "We welcome the gradual normalization of the situation and the cessation of mutual threats, and the readiness for contacts between North Korea and the United States," the foreign minister said.   Prior to the talks, Ri told reporters that "the current situation on the Korean peninsula and around your country, and the overall international political situation, require our two countries to further strengthen friendly cooperation, to increase our strategic communication and coordination of action between our countries."   North Korea has been stepping up its diplomatic efforts ahead of a potential meeting between U.S. President Donald Trump and North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un.   Pyongyang wants to ensure that traditional allies China and Russia remain on its side to give it the strongest possible position, said analysts cited by Deutsche Welle.  
  Item Number:7 Date: 04/11/2018 SOUTH SUDAN - FORMER MILITARY CHIEF CREATES OWN REBEL GROUP (APR 11/DNK)  DAILY NATION (KENYA) -- Paul Malong, the former commander of the South Sudan's People's Liberation Army, has announced the creation of a new group to oppose the government of President Salva Kiir, reports the Daily Nation (Kenya).   The South Sudan United Front will help bring democracy to the country by ensuring citizen rights to life, Malong said on April 8.   Malong accused the government in Juba of looting and maiming its citizens and refusing to implement the peace agreement with former Vice President Riek Machar.   Kiir appointed the one-time governor of Northern Bahar el Ghazal state as his chief of General Staff in 2014. Kiir and Malong became estranged after the U.S. pushed for sanctions at the U.N. against entities thought to be violating the 2015 peace agreement.   The president replaced Malong as defense chief in May 2017.   The South Sudan United Front will join the opposition alliance SSOA, a collection of 10 anti-government movements. Malong's decision further complicates the prospects for a resolution to the conflict which began in December 2013. The next regional meeting to discuss the issue is on April 26 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.  
 Item Number:8 Date: 04/11/2018 SYRIA - RUSSIAN JAMMING IN SYRIA HINDERS U.S. DRONE OPS (APR 11/NBC)  NBC NEWS -- U.S. military unmanned aerial device (UAV) operations in Syria have been impeded by Russian jamming, reports NBC News, citing unnamed U.S. officials.   The jamming began several weeks ago after a suspected chemical weapon attacks on civilians in the rebel-held Eastern Ghouta suburb of Damascus.   Moscow was concerned that the U.S. military would retaliate and began jamming the GPS navigation systems of UAVs operating in the area, the officials said.   The jamming is having an operational effect. The Russian equipment is advanced, demonstrating the ability to defeat some encrypted signals and anti-jamming receivers, said the officials.   Smaller surveillance air vehicles have been most affected, rather than the larger Predator and Reaper drones.   The Pentagon declined to say whether any UAVs have been lost due to the jamming
Item Number:9 Date: 04/11/2018 UNITED KINGDOM - FRANCE, U.K., U.S. CONSIDER JOINT RESPONSE TO SYRIAN CHEMICAL ATTACK (APR 11/GUARDIAN)  GUARDIAN -- The leaders of France, the U.K. and U.S. are considering a combined military response to a suspected chemical weapons attack on civilians by the Syrian regime, reports the Guardian (U.K.).   On Tuesday, British Prime Minister Theresa May, French President Emmanuel Macron and U.S. President Donald Trump warned that they would respond to the Syrian chemical attack to uphold the global ban on the use of such weapons.   In separate phone calls, the three leaders agreed that the international community should work together to ensure that the regime of Bashar Assad and its supporters were held accountable.   May said her country was working with allies and partners to assess the attack in Douma on April 7, while declining to answer questions about whether the U.K. would participate in a joint international response.   The French president would not require parliamentary approval to conduct a strike. The British prime minister can take emergency military action without the permission of Parliament if troops are not deployed.   However, British government sources have expressed concern that Parliament would need to approve any action taken against the Assad regime.  
  Item Number:10 Date: 04/11/2018 UNITED NATIONS - MULTIPLE SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTIONS ON SYRIAN CHEMICAL WEAPON USE REJECTED (APR 11/UNNS)  UNITED NATIONS NEWS SERVICE -- The United Nations Security Council have voted on three resolutions addressing the alleged chemical weapons attack in Syria, reports U.N. News.   None of the measures passed.   The U.S. authored an initial proposal to establish a new investigative mechanism for one year and identify the parties responsible for the recent chemical attack in Syria. Russia vetoed the measure.   Russia issued two other proposals. One was similar to the U.S. proposal but would have allowed the Security Council to assign blame instead of the investigative body.   Another Russian offer covered the work of the Organization for the Prevention of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) Fact-Finding Mission (FFM).   France, the U.K. and the U.S. all voted against the Russian propositions.  
  Item Number:11 Date: 04/11/2018 USA - AMPHIBIOUS COMBAT VEHICLE WRAPS UP OPERATIONAL TESTING (APR 11/DN)  DEFENSE NEWS -- The U.S. Marine Corps has concluded operational testing of Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV) prototypes from BAE Systems and SAIC and will select a winner by June, reports Defense News.   The trials occurred at Twentynine Palms and Camp Pendleton, Calif., where the vehicles conducted tactical missions on land and performed littoral penetrations and surf operations on the water. The prototypes were also subjected to blast testing and evaluated on reliability and survivability.   Each company provided seven vehicles for the tests, with one held in reserve. Over 10 weeks of testing the vehicles racked up nearly 4,000 miles (6,440 km) and 1,500 mission hours, officials said.   BAE and SAIC each received contracts worth nearly $100 million in December 2015 to construct 16 ACV prototypes for evaluation.   The Marine Corps plans to field around 204 ACVs by 2020. If all options are exercised, the contract has a potential value of $1.2 billion
  Item Number:12 Date: 04/11/2018 USA - CITING SYRIA, TRUMP CANCELS SOUTH AMERICAN TRIP (APR 11/MERCO)  MERCOPRESS -- U.S. President Donald Trump has decided not to make a planned visit to South America later this week, reports MercoPress (Uruguay).   Trump will not attend the eighth Summit of the Americas in Lima, Peru, or travel to Bogota, Colombia, as planned, said a White House spokeswoman on Tuesday.   Instead, he will remain in the U.S. to "oversee the American response to Syria and to monitor developments around the world," the spokeswoman said.   This is the first time that a U.S. president has not attended the summit.   Vice President Mike Pence will replace Trump at the two-day summit, which begins on Friday.   The White House previously reduced the length of the Peru trip after the Peruvian president resigned over corruption allegations, noted the Hill (Washington, D.C.).   The summit brings together leaders of the countries in the Western Hemisphere to discuss regional issues. This year's theme is "Democratic Governance Against Corruption.  
  Item Number:13 Date: 04/11/2018 USA - INITIAL TRITON UNMANNED AIRCRAFT HEADED TO GUAM; FULL ORBIT WON'T BE AVAILABLE UNTIL 2021. (APR 11/USNIN)  USNI NEWS -- The U.S. Navy is set to deploy its first two MQ-4C Triton unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to Guam, reports USNI News.   The UAVs are expected to begin conducting intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance missions for the 7th fleet in the Pacific by the end of 2018.   The initial aircraft are in a baseline configuration. A full orbit of Tritons -- four air vehicles -- will not be available in the region until 2021, when Tritons with additional intelligence payloads are deployed, program officials said on Monday at the Navy League Sea-Air-Space conference outside of Washington, D.C.   The upgraded Tritons will replace the Navy's aging EP-3 surveillance aircraft.   The Navy plans to station additional MQ-4Cs in Sigonella, Italy; Bahrain; Mayport, Fla.; and Whidbey Island, Wash
Item Number:14 Date: 04/11/2018 USA - LCS ISSUES LEAD TO DELAYS IN ARMING FIRE SCOUT UNMANNED HELICOPTER (APR 11/DN)  DEFENSE NEWS -- The U.S. Navy has paused plans to arm its MQ-8C Fire Scout unmanned helicopter while it resolves issues with its littoral combat ships, reports Defense News.   The Navy has long planned to equip the MQ-8C with the Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System (APKWS), a guidance kit for the 2.75-inch (70-mm) rockets. Ship integration issues and limited magazine space aboard the LCS, from which the Fire Scout is expected to operate, have put those plans on hold until at least 2023, Capt. Jeff Dodge, the Fire Scout program manager, said on Monday at the Sea-Air-Space conference outside of Washington, D.C.   The Navy successfully tested the APKWS on the smaller MQ-8B Fire Scout. The problem is that the APKWS requires an armory to transform the unguided Hydra-70 rocket into a precision system. With magazine space at a premium on the LCS, the Navy may look to construct the guided rockets off site and deliver them to the LCS fully assembled.   Another limiting factor is the lack of a final configuration for the LCS. The Navy is reviewing the survivability of the ships to balance it against other capabilities, including the weapons that should be carried onboard for itself and its aircraft.   The MQ-8C is scheduled to begin its initial operational test and evaluation on April 16, with initial operational capability anticipated by the end of 2018, reported IHS Jane's Defence Weekly
Item Number:15 Date: 04/11/2018 USA - NEW LEADERS ANNOUNCED FOR PACIFIC, NORTHERN COMMANDS (APR 11/MILTIMES)  MILITARY TIMES -- The U.S. Dept. of Defense has announced new leaders for the U.S. Pacific Command (PACOM) and Northern Command (NORTHCOM), reports the Military Times.   Adm. Phil Davidson, currently the head of U.S. Fleet Forces Command, has been named as the next PACOM chief, keeping the command under Navy leadership. He succeeds Adm. Harry Harris, who has held the post since 2015.   Air Force Gen. Terrence O'Shaughnessy, the chief of Pacific Air Forces, has been tapped to lead U.S. Northern Command and North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD), reported   He will succeed Air Force Gen. Lori Robinson, who has lead the command since 2016. Robinson is the highest-ranking female officer to lead a combatant command.  
  Item Number:16 Date: 04/11/2018 USA - SCHEDULE A PRIORITY FOR NAVY'S UNMANNED AERIAL TANKER PROGRAM (APR 11/USNIN)  USNI NEWS -- The U.S. Navy is emphasizing its fielding schedule as it considers its options for its unmanned aerial tanker project, reports USNI News.   Boeing, Lockheed Martin and General Atomics submitted their proposals at the start of the 2018. The service expects to choose the winner as soon as this summer, much faster than the typical 18-month selection process.   Adm. John Richardson, the chief of naval operations, has made schedule his top priority, followed by price, said program officials.   The Navy demonstrated its intent on moving quickly through the program by including $719 million for the development of the MQ-25 Stingray and the first four production airframes in its fiscal 2019 budget request.   The service has emphasized the tanker program, which it says is needed to relieve the fleet's overworked F/A-18 E/F Super Hornet fighters. Those jets have been spending 20 percent to 30 percent of their flying hours serving as tankers for carrier air wings.   The base requirements call for the Stingray to supply about 15,000 pounds (6,800 kg) of fuel up to 500 nm (926 km) from the carrier.   The competitors will complete a deck-handling demonstration with their air vehicles prior to the final selection.

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