Tuesday, April 3, 2018

Fw: TheList 4691

The List 4691

To All,
I hope that your week has started well.
This Day In Naval History – April 3, 2018
April 3
1797—Capt. Thomas Truxtun issues the first known American signal book using a numerary system entitled, "Instructions, Signals, and Explanations, Ordered for the United States Fleet".
1942—Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, is named Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas (CINCPOA) and also retains the title of Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Fleet (CINCPAC).
1943—USS Haddock (SS 231) sinks Japanese fleet tanker Arima Maru north of Palau, and USS Pickerel (SS 177) sinks Japanese submarine chaser Ch 1.
1944—USS Sanders (DE 40), tank landing ship (LST 127), and two infantry landing crafts occupy Mejit Island, Marshall Islands and defeat Japanese force.
1991—USS America (CV 66), along with USS Normandy (CG 60), and USS William V. Pratt (DDG 44) transit the Suez Canal en route to CONUS after providing support for Operations Desert Storm and Desert Shield.
1992—The first five co-ed recruit companies from Recruit Training Command, Naval Training Center, Orlando, FL, graduate.
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
Top national headlines include Villanova's 2nd NCAA men's basketball title in three years in its win over Michigan; industry and market responses to China's trade actions; and suspicions that a California family's crash off a cliff may have been intentional. The New York Times reports that Kremlin foreign policy adviser Yuri Ushakov stated that President Trump had proposed a White House meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin in a telephone call on March 20. In an apparent attempt to move beyond last week's diplomatic confrontation, Ushakov said the suggestion was "a rather positive idea." According to USNI News, Congress has accelerated the funding needed to replace the propellers of the Navy's grounded C-130Ts. Funding for the new propeller system was included in the Navy's FY19 unfunded priorities list. However, Congress included funding for the program in the FY18 omnibus spending bill. Additionally, Seapower Magazine reports that the future USS Thomas Hudner (DDG 116) successfully completed builder's trials on March 31.
On this day in history (April 3):
1882: The wood block alarm was invented; it was suspended over your bed; when the alarm went on, it dropped 20 wooden blocks over your head to wake you up.
1882: The American outlaw Jesse James was shot in the back and killed by Robert Ford for a $5,000 reward.
1953: T.V. Guide Magazine first appeared in newsstands. It sold for 15 cents a copy.
April 3
In Persia, Kavadh sues for peace with the Byzantines.
John of Gaunt and Edward the Black Prince win the Battle of Najera, in Spain.
Philip II of Spain and Henry II of France sign the peace of Cateau-Cambresis, ending a long series of wars between the Hapsburg and Valois dynasties.
The Pony Express connects St. Joseph, Missouri and Sacramento, California.
Slavery is abolished in Washington, D.C.
Union forces occupy the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia.
The American outlaw Jesse James is shot in the back and killed by his cousin, Bob Ford.
Alaska's Mount McKinley, the highest mountain in North America is climbed.
F. Scott Fitzgerald and Zelda Sayre are married at St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York City.
Bruno Hauptmann, killer of the Lindbergh baby, is executed.
The Japanese begin their all-out assault on the U.S. and Filipino troops at Bataan.
The U.S. Supreme Court rules that black citizens are eligible to vote in all elections, including primaries.
President Harry Truman signs Marshall Plan. It will revive war-torn Europe.
Three-thousand South Vietnamese Army troops lead a protest against the Ky regime in Saigon.
Charlie Chaplin returns to the United States after a twenty-year absence.
Coach John Thompson of Georgetown University becomes the first African-American coach to win an NCAA basketball tournament.
With our thanks to THE Bear at http://www.rollingthunderremembered.com/
April 3, 2018    Bear Taylor    
RIPPLE SALVO…  #759… THE TET OFFENSIVE and the SIEGE OF KHESANH… where the allies won the battles–tactical successes–but the enemy "declared a great strategic victory"… but first…
GOOD MORNING: Day SEVEN HUNDRED FIFTY-NINE of another look at the chapter of American military history logged fifty years ago–the 40-month air war against North Vietnam called ROLLING THUNDER…
Page 1: "HANOI AGREES TO NEGOTIATE ON CONDITIONAL PEACE MOVE–ASKS TALKS, FULL HALT IN BOMBING"… "North Vietnam responded to President Johnson.s new offer today by announcing its readiness for talks about a complete U.S. bombing halt so that peace negotiations can begin. The response, an apparent shift in Hanoi's position, got top priority attention in Washington. However, U.S. strategists were unwilling to say immediately whether this meant the breakthrough in long-stalled efforts to get peace discussions underway. Hanoi's announcement came in Vietnamese language radio broadcast which was picked up by U.S. monitors, translated and rushed to the White house, State Department and other key agencies."… Page 1: "RELIEF FORCES ADVANCE ON BESIEGED KHESANH"… "About 8,000 U.S. and South Vietnamese troops have launched a drive to lift the enemy siege of the Marine base at Khesanh…against little resistance the column was reported about eight miles from Khesanh. the relief force was expected to push through soon to the battered fortress in the northwest where 6,000 Marines and 1,900 South Vietnamese have been encircled since January by from 18,000 to 20,000 North Vietnamese regulars."…
A bit of history
The Desperate Hours – The Demise of the 106th Infantry Division during the opening, desperate hours of the Battle of the Bulge
By Ray Starmann
Nearly 74 years have passed since the Battle of the Bulge was fought. Yet, the truth about what happened to the 106th Infantry Division during four days in December of 1944 remains a mystery. As Hugh M. Cole states in The Ardennes: The Battle of the Bulge, the U.S. Army's official history of the battle, "The historian, as a result, must tread warily through the maze of recriminations and highly personalized recollection which surrounds the story." One thing is certain though; several correlating factors, not one inherent human act or event contributed to the demise of the 106th Infantry Division.
Thanks to Carl…..Another related book is called "The Only Thing worth dying for" by Eric Blehm . Well worth your time. skip
March 31, 2018
The Most Amazing Special Forces Fighters You've Never Heard Of
On September 11, 2001, al-Qaeda terrorists horrifically attacked the United States, killing 2,996 people, injuring over 6,000, and causing $10 billion in infrastructure damage.  President George W. Bush in addressing the nation stated how "these acts shatter steel, but they cannot dent the steel of American resolve."  This was no more evident than when U.S. Special Forces teams were deployed as a first response to what happened on 9/11.  A recent movie, 12 Strong, based on the book by Doug Stanton, Horse Soldiers, documents those soldiers' stories.
Item Number:1 Date: 04/03/2018 GERMANY - U.S. ARMY AIR DEFENSE ARTILLERY BRIGADE BEGINS FIRST EUROPEAN DEPLOYMENT SINCE COLD WAR (APR 03/S&S)  STARS AND STRIPES -- For the first time since the end of the Cold War, the U.S. Army has deployed a U.S. based air defense artillery brigade to Europe, reports Stars and Stripes.   The 678th Air Defense Artillery Brigade, part of the South Carolina National Guard, began a nine-month rotation in Ansbach, Germany, on March 27th. The unit will participate in training exercises with Romania, Bulgaria and Poland, and coordinate air defense efforts in the region.   The deployment aims to fill an ongoing capability gap in Europe, officials said.   At the end of the Cold War, the U.S. Army Europe allowed its short-range air-defense (SHORAD) capacity to dwindle. Renewed threats from Russia has forced the U.S. Army to re-prioritize the capability. For example, the Army has reinstituted training on the FIM-92 Stinger man-portable air defense system.   Gen. Curtis Scaparrotti, head of U.S. European Command, has requested funding for a permanent fires brigade in Europe.    
  Item Number:2 Date: 04/03/2018 HUNGARY - VISEGRAD GROUP PLEDGES TO BOOST DEFENSE COOPERATION (APR 03/HUMOD)  HUNGARY MINISTRY OF DEFENSE -- The defense ministers of the Hungary, Poland, Slovakia and the Czech Republic pledged greater military cooperation during a meeting in Budapest last week, reports the Hungarian Ministry of Defense.   Agenda topics for the meeting of the Visegrad Group (V4) on March 27 included terrorism, hybrid warfare, cyberspace, migration, demographic issues and the information revolution.   The group also discussed the prospects for V4 participation in the E.U. Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) project, emphasizing that they do not want the program to duplicate NATO efforts.   The group is also preparing its E.U. battle group for its upcoming standby rotation in the second half of 2019.   Poland, Slovakia and the Czech Republic aided Hungary when it faced a wave of migrants in 2015, and according to the ministers, their cooperation sets an example for the rest of the E.U. and NATO.   On Wednesday, the V4 defense ministers joined their Croatian, Slovenian and Austrian counterparts for the V4+CEDC (Central European Defense Cooperation) meeting, also in Budapest
Item Number:3 Date: 04/03/2018 LITHUANIA - WIND FARMS PROMPT SHORT-RANGE AIR-DEFENSE RADAR PURCHASE (APR 03/LIMOD)  LITHUANIAN MINISTRY OF DEFENSE -- The Lithuanian military has decided to procure short-range air-defense radars from Israel to offset the adverse effects of wind farms on its air surveillance radars, reports the Lithuanian Defense Ministry.   The purchase of five gap-filler systems from Israel's Elta Systems will cost about 2.8 million euros (US$3.4 million). In addition to the hardware, the contract covers logistic maintenance services. The cost of the radars is being covered by two Lithuanian firms developing the wind farms.   Plans call for the radars to be installed in Varena, Svencionys, Vilnius, Jurbarkas and Pagegiai.   The radars are expected to enter service in late 2019.  
  Item Number:4 Date: 04/03/2018 MOROCCO - POLISARIO FRONT SETTING UP CAMPS IN DISPUTED W. SAHARA, AMBASSADOR SAYS (APR 03/ALJAZ)  AL JAZEERA -- The Moroccan ambassador to the U.N. has alleged that militant separatists have breached a buffer zone in the disputed Western Sahara, reports Al Jazeera (Qatar).   On Sunday, Omar Hilale said that members of the Polisario Front were setting up camps in Al Mahbes, near the Algerian border with the U.N.-monitored buffer zone.   Hilale said that Algerian military vehicles escorted the Polisario members from refugee camps in Algeria to the disputed area, which he alleged constituted a casus belli.   In testimony before Parliament, Interior Minister Abdelouafi Laftit and Foreign Minister Nasser Bourita said that Polisario members had blocked U.N. observers from reaching the buffer zone, reported the North Africa Post.   A U.N. spokesperson denied the claims, saying the international body had "not observed any movement of military elements in the northeast territory."   The Polisario representative at the U.N., denied the Moroccan accusations, saying they were designed to sabotage the peace process.   Morocco and the Polisario both claim the Western Sahara region, a large, sparsely-populated area. Morocco administers roughly 90 percent of the region.   The two sides fought a guerilla war until 1991. Morocco accuses Algeria of using the Polisario Front as a proxy.   The U.N. is currently considering a renewal of its peacekeeping mission there.   Negotiations to resolve the frozen conflict -- stalled since 2012 -- could resume later this year, reported Agence France-Presse.  
  Item Number:5 Date: 04/03/2018 NIGERIA - ARMY FENDS OFF BOKO HARAM ASSAULT IN MAIDUGURI (APR 03/PREM)  PREMIUM TIMES -- At least 29 people have been killed and 83 injured in an attack by the Boko Haram terrorist group on the northern Nigerian city of Maiduguri, reports the Premium Times (Nigeria).   On Sunday, soldiers guarding the city's outskirts fought waves of attackers and suicide bombers trying to enter more populated areas, said police.   Security forces killed six Boko Haram gunmen and seven would-be suicide bombers.   At least one suicide bomber was able to breach the city's perimeter, killing one soldier and 14 civilians, mostly children.   The attackers tried to enter Maiduguri through the outskirts of the villages of Bille-Shuwa and Alikaranti. The attackers were pushed back after an hour-long battle, witnesses told CNN.   The spokesman for the task force fighting Boko Haram in the region called for residents to be vigilant. "It is clear that the remnants of the Boko Haram terrorists are hellbent on remaining relevant by attacking soft and vulnerable targets," he said.   The Nigerian army launched Operation Lafiya Dole in 2015 to defeat the Boko Haram terrorist group in northeastern Nigeria. Since the beginning of 2018, at least 120 civilians have been killed by the group and 210 seriously injured in 22 attacks, according to officials cited by the Daily Post (Nigeria).     
  Item Number:6 Date: 04/03/2018 PAKISTAN - INDIGENOUS BABUR SUBMARINE-LAUNCHED CRUISE MISSILE PASSES ANOTHER TEST (APR 03/ISPR)  INTER-SERVICES PUBLIC RELATIONS -- Pakistan has successfully test-fired its domestically developed Babur submarine-launched cruise missile, reports the Pakistan Inter-Services Public Relations.   The nuclear-capable missile, which has a range of 280 miles (450 km), was fired from an underwater platform on March 29 and successfully hit its target.   The Babur was first successfully tested in January 2017.   The missile improves Pakistan's secure second-strike capability against archrival India and reinforces Pakistan's credible minimum deterrence policy, the ISPR said.   Tensions are high between the neighboring countries over the disputed Kashmir region, noted the voice of America News
  Item Number:7 Date: 04/03/2018 RUSSIA - ISIS PLOTTING ATTACKS ON UPCOMING WORLD CUP IN RUSSIA (APR 03/DAILYSTAR)  DAILY STAR -- The Islamic State terrorist group has threatened to attack the upcoming soccer World Cup in Russia with armed drones, reports the Daily Star (U.K.).   Pro-ISIS accounts on the messaging application Telegram have posted photos, videos and schematics detailing plans to load explosives onto unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), the paper reported on April 1.   One video included scenes appearing to show live bombs being dropped from a drone. Where the video was shot was not disclosed.   Another image showed a disfigured picture Argentinian star Lionel Messi along with threats to attack the event.   ISIS first began launching attacks with armed drones in Iraq and Syria in early 2017, analysts said.   Russian authorities have banned the use of drones near the stadiums where the games will be held.     
  Item Number:8 Date: 04/03/2018 SAUDI ARABIA - ACTIVE PHASE FOR JOINT GULF SHIELD DRILLS UNDERWAY (APR 03/ARAB)  ARAB NEWS -- Saudi Arabia is hosting a major military exercise this week, reports the Arab News.   The Joint Gulf Shield exercises began on March 18 in eastern Saudi Arabia with a command center exercise that evaluated procedures and methods of command, control, and communications at tactical, operational, and strategic levels, including through the use of flight simulators. That training concluded on March 29.   The second phase, which began on April 1, includes five days of field maneuvers involving ground, naval, air defense and special operations forces, said a Saudi military spokesman.   The training includes live-firings and advanced weaponry, the spokesman said.   The exercise is one of the largest in the region and is designed to improve regional military readiness and enhance interoperability.  
  Item Number:9 Date: 04/03/2018 TAIWAN - WAR OF WORDS ESCALATES BETWEEN TAIPEI AND BEIJING (APR 03/REU)  REUTERS -- Taiwan has accused China escalating tensions after a state-run newspaper suggested that Beijing should issue an international arrest warrant for Taiwan's premier for his comments on the island's independence, reports Reuters.   China has used media, internet users, military exercises and the threat of legal action to intimidate Taiwan, Taiwan's Mainland Affairs Council said on Tuesday.   While Taiwan feels no animosity towards China, "mainland China must face up to the reality of the separate governments on both sides of the Taiwan Strait and respect Taiwan's democracy and will of its people," said Taiwanese Premier William Lai.   Last week, the semi-official Global Times wrote that Lai should be prosecuted under Beijing's 2005 Anti-Secession Law, after the premier told Parliament that his position was that Taiwan was a sovereign, independent country.   On Monday, China's Taiwan Affairs Office seemed to comment on the issue, saying Lai's pro-independence comments were "dangerous and presumptuous."   China has ramped up its rhetoric against Taiwan since Tsai Ing-wen of the pro-independence Democratic Progressive Party was elected president in 2016.  
  Item Number:10 Date: 04/03/2018 TURKEY - COURT ISSUES ARREST WARRANT FOR GULEN IN CONNECTION WITH ASSASSINATION OF RUSSIAN AMBASSADOR (APR 03/ANADOLU)  ANADOLU NEWS AGENCY -- A Turkish court has issued arrest warrants for eight suspects in the assassination of Russian Ambassador Andrey Karlov, reports Turkey's official Anadolu Agency.   Karolov was shot and killed while delivering a speech at a Turkish art gallery in December 2016.   Among the eight charged on Monday are cleric Fetullah Gulen, who lives in self-imposed exile in the United States.   Gulen is the leader of the Gulen or Hizmet movement, which Turkish authorities say is a terrorist organization behind the assassination of Karlov and an attempted coup in July 2016.   Turkish prosecutors believe Mevlut Mert Altintas, Karlov's killer, acted on Gulen's orders. The charges include "pre-meditated murder" and "attempt to overthrow the constitutional order."   The U.S. is awaiting evidence that implicates Gulen in the crimes, a Justice Dept. spokesman told Russia's Tass news agency.   The U.S. has so far resisted Turkish attempts to extradite Gulen, who denies any wrongdoing
Item Number:11 Date: 04/03/2018 USA - AIR FORCE ACCELERATES DEPLOYMENT OF OSPREY TILTROTORS (APR 03/S&S)  STARS AND STRIPES -- The U.S. military is accelerating the deployment of CV-22 Osprey tiltrotors to Japan, reports Stars and Stripes.   Five of the tiltrotor aircraft will arrive at U.S. Forces Japan in Yokota later this week, the Air Force said on Tuesday. This is the first Osprey deployment to a base in Japan outside of Okinawa, noted the Kyodo news agency.   A special operations squadron of 10 aircraft was originally scheduled to arrive in 2020.   That date has since been moved up in light of "regional security concerns in line with the recently released 2018 National Defense Strategy," the Air Force said.   The aircraft are slated to train around the region for several weeks before returning to their base in Yokota, the service said. About 100 personnel will arrive to assist in the training.   Interim facilities to support the Ospreys were completed at the end of fiscal 2017, said a spokeswoman for the 374th Airlift Wing at Yokota. Construction of additional facilities for the aircraft is expected to start on time, she said.    
  Item Number:12 Date: 04/03/2018 USA - AIR FORCE, MARINE CORPS CHIEFS SEEK TO BOOST TIES (APR 03/USNI)  U.S. NAVAL INSTITUTE -- The heads of the U.S. Air Force and Marine Corps held their first one-on-one meeting since 2011 last week in an effort to strengthen ties between their services, reports USNI News.   The Marine Corps has existing mechanisms to strengthen interoperability with the Army and Navy but has fewer avenues for cooperation with the Air Force.   The talks on March 28 covered F-35 cost reduction, command and control, close air support and security of bases and stations. Neller noted that the two services share concern about how U.S. forces are going to respond to swarms of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).   The commandant emphasized that the two services will not wait so long before meeting again. The services may set up a quarterly staff-level board to discuss joint issues, Neller said.  
  Item Number:13 Date: 04/03/2018 USA - ARMY HOPES TO FIELD 5 SECURITY FORCE ASSISTANCE BRIGADES BY END OF 2019 (APR 03/S&S)  STARS AND STRIPES -- The U.S. Army is looking to increase its number of dedicated train, advise and assist brigades by the end of next year, reports the Stars and Stripes.   The Security Force Assistance Brigades (SFAB) were conceived in early 2017 as part of an effort to free up regular combat brigades to focus on combat readiness against a near-peer threat.   The brigades are focused on train, advise and assist responsibilities so that regular brigades no longer have to form small elements for such missions.   The service currently has two SFAB brigades, one stationed at Fort Benning, Ga. That unit is currently deployed in Afghanistan. The Army began building the second SFAB unit at Fort Bragg, N.C., in January.   The Army included funding for three more SFABs in its fiscal 2019 budget request in order to accelerate the development of the units. Plans call for six brigades: five in the active duty force and one in the National Guard.   The service is considering building two division headquarters to manage the brigades, officials said.   The units will not only advise partner forces in combat, but will also help train allies around the world, including South Korea, Europe, Africa and South America, said Army Secretary Mark Esper.  
  Item Number:14 Date: 04/03/2018 USA - ARMY, NAVY STEP UP COOPERATION ON TARGETING (APR 03/WARMAV)  WARRIOR MAVEN -- U.S. Army and Navy units in the Pacific are working together to improve joint targeting and weapons employment, reports the Warrior Maven.   The trials include firing Army artillery from naval vessels, providing targeting data to ground weapons from Navy sensors and using coastal artillery to target ships at sea. The experiments are part of a broader Pentagon "cross-domain fires" effort to survey combined air defense, ground combat, cyber and artillery unit operations.   "The Pacific is inherently joint, there is very little that we do that is not done with other services." Maj. Gen. John Ferrari, the director of program analysis and evaluation, told the website in an interview.   The project involves integrating combat units that usually operate alone, such as artillery, brigade headquarters, air defense, Navy assets and intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance units into a single operation.   "Instead of having three battalions of artillery, you will have pieces of these things - - then go out and use it," said Ferrari.   Bringing Army artillery to surface ships could bring new options for surface attack to commanders, said military officials.   The next phase in the program is expected to include implementation of concepts during the Rim of the Pacific drills in Hawaii this summer.  
  Item Number:15 Date: 04/03/2018 USA - STATE DEPT. ADDS MILLI MUSLIM LEAGUE TO LIST OF TERRORIST ORGANIZATIONS (APR 03/STATE)  U.S. STATE DEPT. -- The U.S. State Dept. has listed an Islamist political party in Pakistan as a terrorist front group.   The Milli Muslim League (MML) and Tehreek-e- Azadi-e Kashmir (TAJK) will now be listed as aliases of the Lashkar-e-Tayyiba terror outfit, according to an April 2 statement from the department.   "Today's amendments take aim at Lashkar-e-Tayyiba's efforts to circumvent sanctions and deceive the public about its true character," said Amb. Nathan Sales, the coordinator for counterterrorism at State.   The MML is a political party established by Lashkar-e-Tayyiba (LeT) co-founder Hafiz Muhammad Saeed in August 2017. It is expected to compete in elections slated for July after a court lifted a ban on the party's participation in March, reported the Times of India.   Seven members of the MML's leadership body were also sanctioned by the Treasury Dept. for their membership in LeT.   LeT has been carrying out attacks using the TAJK alias since January 2017, according to the statement
Item Number:16 Date: 04/03/2018 VENEZUELA - OPPOSITION SAYS SECURITY CHIEF ATTACKED BY GOVERNMENT SUPPORTERS (APR 03/REU)  REUTERS -- The opposition in Venezuela says the security chief for their presidential candidate has suffered a severe head injury after a politically-motivated attack during a campaign event, reports Reuters.   On Monday, Teodoro Campos was assaulted by pro-government individuals in the Catia neighborhood of Caracas.   Campos was trying to stop them from stealing camera equipment from journalists, said Henri Falcon, the presidential candidate for the opposition.   Falcon alleged that President Nicolas Maduro has resorted to violence amid a deteriorating security and economic situation.   The Venezuelan Ministry of Information did not respond to requests for comment on the story.   Falcon is set to face off against Maduro in May. He is the only opposition candidate in the race. Other opposition parties are observing a boycott. 

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