Thursday, December 28, 2017

TheList 4620

To All
I hope you all had a great Christmas with your families.
. This Day In Naval History - December 24
Dec. 26
1862—The first female nurses to serve on a U.S. Navy ship report aboard hospital ship Red Rover. They are nuns from the Catholic order Sisters of the Holy Cross.
1872—While serving on the side-wheel steamer Powhatan at Norfolk, VA, Seaman Joseph Noil saves drowning shipmate, Boatswain J.C. Walton. For his conduct on this occasion, he is awarded the Medal of Honor.
1942—SBDs, F4Fs, and P-38s attack Japanese transports at Wickham Anchorage, New Georgia and sink the freighters Takashima Maru and Iwami Maru.
1943—USS Fanning (DD 385) sinks the Japanese auxiliary submarine chaser No.7 Myo Maru off Okino Misaki, Bonin Islands.
1943—Operation Backhander begins. Task Force 76 lands 1st Marine Division at Cape Cloucester, New Britain. During retaliatory Japanese air attacks, destroyer USS Brownson (DD 518) sinks while destroyers USS Lamson (DD 367), USS Shaw (DD 373) and USS Mugford (DD 389), along with USS LST 66 and coastal transport APC 15 are damaged.
1944—Harriet Ida Pickens and Frances F. Wills are commissioned as the first two African-American WAVES officers.
2016 Today in History December 26
After crossing the Delaware River into New Jersey, George Washington leads an attack on Hessian mercenaries at Trenton, and takes 900 men prisoner.
Daniel Shay leads a rebellion in Massachusetts to protest the seizure of property for the non-payment of debt.
Napoleon's army is checked by the Russians at the Battle of Pultusk.
38 Santee Sioux are hanged in Mankato, Minnesota for their part in the Sioux Uprising in Minnesota. Little Crow has fled the state.
Brig. Gen. Philip St. George Cooke, head of the Department of the Platte, receives word of the Fetterman Fight in Powder River County in the Dakota territory.
As a wartime measure, President Woodrow Wilson places railroads under government control, with Secretary of War William McAdoo as director general.
Six U.S. destroyers are ordered from Manila to China to protect interests in the civil war that is being waged there.
Over 70,000 people are killed in a massive earthquake in China.
General Douglas MacArthur declares Manila an open city in the face of the onrushing Japanese Army.
The German battleship Scharnhorst is sunk by British ships in an Arctic fight.
Advancing Soviet troops complete their encirclement of Budapest in Hungary.
The United States, Soviet Union and Great Britain, end a 10-day meeting, seeking an atomic rule by the UN Council.
The United States announces the withdrawal of two divisions from Korea.
Eight East Berliners escape to West Berlin, crashing through gates in an armor-plated bus.
Dr. Maulana Karenga celebrates the first Kwanza, a seven-day African-American celebration of family and heritage.
The Soviet Union flies 5,000 troops to intervene in the Afghanistan conflict.
Time magazine chooses a personal computer as it "Man of the Year," the first non-human ever to receive the honor.
The Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union formally dissolves the Soviet Union.
JonBenet Ramsey, a six-year-old beauty queen, is found beaten and strangled to death in the basement of her family's home in Boulder, Colorado, one of the most high-profile crimes of the late 20th century in the US.
Workers in South Korea's automotive and shipbuilding industries begin the largest labor strike in that country's history, protesting a new law that made firing employees easier and would curtail the rights of labor groups to organize.
Lothar, a violent, 36-hour windstorm begins; it kills 137 and causes $1.3 billion (US dollars) damage in Central Europe.
A tsunami caused by a 9.3-magnitude earthquake kills more than 230,000 along the rim of the Indian Ocean.
Former U.S. President Gerald R. Ford dies at age 93. Ford was the only unelected president in America's history.
Thanks to CArl
Johnny Cash  the man in black
nteresting background on one of our favorites!!  But, Mirkin should at least double his vitamin D level recommendation at the end of article!  Older article added below which I had sent over four years ago!)
Johnny Cash, the Man in Black


Johnny Cash wrote more than 1500 country songs and became America's most famous country singer.   His fans included every president in his lifetime from Richard Nixon on, and almost everyone recognizes his voice.  In his fifties he was diagnosed with diabetes, an avoidable and curable disease that made him miserable for the last two decades of his life. He died prematurely at age 71 because he broke almost every rule for living a healthful life: he smoked heavily, drank alcohol to excess, took excessive amounts of illicit and prescription drugs, was overweight, did not exercise and ate an unhealthful diet.
Before recording star Johnny Cash became known as the "Man in Black," he was actually a Man in Blue - USAF blue - assigned as a Morse code intercept operator on Russian Army transmissions in Landsberg, Germany during the early 1950's.

Cash was skilled in both signal codes and music, but had been unable to afford a musical instrument. He bought his first guitar at the Base Exchange while stationed in Germany using his military pay and formed his first band, the "Landsberg Barbarians," comprised of his fellow airmen. They entertained GIs and local Germans.

Cash was honorably discharged in July 1954 as a staff sergeant and once at home as a civilian, he used his G.I. Bill benefits to attend a radio-announcing course in Memphis. He later toured Vietnam for the U.S. State Department to perform for the troops and also helped a young Captain Kris Kristofferson to launch his music career.

1951 Graduating Class of Morse Intercept Operators at Keesler AFB. Johnny Cash is in Top Row - far right.
Thanks to Dutch
Way, way in the days I was a middle-grade officer in a squadron  based at NLC (NAS Lemoore) we were briefed by our AI (Air Intelligence Officer) about this very building and its activities – fascinating, even then - Dutch
From the net…courtesy of Mike and JC …
Thanks to Carl
10 fascinating facts about reindeer
Santa's All-Girl Reindeer Team?
December 25, 2017
By Dr. Becker
If merry old St. Nick came by your place last night, you may have heard the tap-tap-tapping of reindeer hooves on your roof. Since Mr. Claus tends to grab all the attention this time of year, I thought I'd offer some little-known facts about his tireless team of tiny reindeer.
10 Fascinating Facts About Reindeer
1. A reindeer by any other name is still a reindeer
Reindeer are caribou in some regions of the world. According to Live Science:
"Reindeer are also called caribou, depending on their location. They are called reindeer in Europe, but in North America, reindeer refers to Eurasian populations, and caribou refers to wild populations in North America, according to the San Diego Zoo. Reindeer also often refers to domesticated animals, while caribou refers to wild populations."1
Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), of which there are 14 subspecies, belong to the Cervidae family, which includes deer, elk, moose and wapiti. All members of the Cervidae family have antlers, hooves and long legs.
2. Antlers are not just for boys 
Reindeer are the only species of deer in which both males and females have antlers, and they grow a new set every year. A male reindeer's antlers can grow up to 51 inches long and weigh up to 33 pounds; a female's can grow up to 20 inches.
Reindeer body size varies quite a bit depending on the subspecies. Males range from 28 to 53 inches tall at the shoulder, from 5.9 to 6.8 feet long, and weigh anywhere from 143 to 529 pounds. Females are smaller at around 5.5 to 6.2 feet long, and 121 to 308 pounds.2 The largest reindeer subspecies is the Finnish forest reindeer, who measures nearly 8 feet in length, nose to tail. 
These big fellas have longer legs than other subspecies, wider hooves (for forest living) and antlers that grow closer together. These physical differences help Finnish forest reindeer move through woodlands unhindered.3
3. Santa's sleigh may be powered by an all-girl team
Reindeer shed their antlers at different times of the year based on their sex and age. Adult males lose their antlers in November and early December, and as we know, the Christmas Eve reindeer team has a full set of headgear. This very likely means Santa Claus' reindeer are female, since they're all still antlered-up on December 24!4
4. Reindeer are winterized
Reindeer can be found in Alaska, Canada, Greenland, northern Europe and northern Asia in tundra, mountains and woodland habitats. Their home ranges can cover up to 200 square miles.5 Reindeer are uniquely equipped to live on the frozen tundra. Their noses serve as little heaters, warming the air they breathe before it enters their lungs. The nose also condenses water in the air to keep mucous membranes moist.
The reindeer's fur coat not only traps air to keep his body insulated, it also acts as a flotation device when he enters the water. Reindeer hooves soften in warmer weather to provide good traction on wet ground. When winter arrives, the pads of the hooves tighten up to reveal the rim, which is designed to get traction on snow and ice.6
In frigid weather, reindeer lower the temperature in their legs to near freezing levels to keep their core body heat even.7 In addition, the knees of some subspecies make a clicking noise while walking so members of the herd can hear one another and stay together in blizzard conditions.8 Reindeer have also lost their circadian rhythm as an adaptation to their Arctic environment.9
5. Reindeer don't like spending time alone
Reindeer are social creatures that live in herds numbering from 10 individuals, to a few hundred, to a few hundred thousand in the spring!10 They eat, sleep and travel together in herds.
6. Baby reindeer skip the toddler stage
Baby reindeer, called calves, are born after about 7 1/2 months of gestation, and weigh from 5 to 20 pounds depending on the subspecies. The little guys and girls stand up within an hour of being born, and within a week are eating solid food to supplement their mother's milk.
The calves are fully weaned by 6 months, and their first set of antlers makes an appearance around their second birthday. Reindeers reach maturity at 4 to 6 years of age, and their average lifespan is 15 to 18 years.11
7. Reindeer are strict vegetarians
Reindeer are herbivores, meaning they eat only plants, including herbs, ferns, mosses, grasses, shoots, fungi and leaves. An adult reindeer can put away from 9 to 18 pounds of vegetation a day.12 Reindeer have a keen sense of smell, which comes in handy when the ground is covered in snow. They can smell energy-packed, blood-warming lichens, called reindeer moss, even when it's buried under 2 feet of the white stuff.13
8. Reindeer run like the wind
Reindeer typically cover from 12 to 34 miles a day during migration and run at speeds of up to 50 miles per hour. Even day-old calves can outrun an Olympic sprinter!
9. Reindeer populations are in decline
Reindeer are listed as vulnerable according to the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List of Threatened Species. This is because the species has experienced a 40 percent decline over the quarter century. Currently, there are around 3.5 million caribou in North America, around 1 million wild reindeer in Eurasia and around 3 million domestic reindeer in northern Europe.14
10. Some migrating reindeer travel incredible distances
Not all reindeer migrate, but some that do travel longer distances than any other migrating land mammal. Certain populations of North American reindeer travel over 3,000 miles per year, and 23 miles per day.15 Reindeer are strong swimmers and can cover 4 to 6 miles per hour in water. Migrating herds routinely swim across large lakes as lakes and wide rivers.16
Thanks to Dr. Rich
GEN Jack Dailey tribute - Wright Brothers Memorial Award presentation ...
Sue and I attended GEN Dailey's award dinner last weekend … it was a very impressive celebration and well deserved award … 
Here's a video that Smithsonian Air & Space Museum put together for GEN Dailey … 
This Tear Drop 9/11 Memorial is located in Bayonne , New Jersey , right across from New York City . On the other side of Hudson Bay from The Statue of Liberty.

This 100 foot tall monument was given to the U.S.A. back in 2006 by the Russian people in memory of all those that lost their lives on September 11, 2001.
The break in the cracked facade forms the shape of the two towers.
The giant suspended tear drop symbolizes all the tears the world had shed in response to this terrifying day.
At the base are recorded the names of all the people who perished. Yet we do not hear about it.
It is a shame that such a beautiful memorial is given barely any attention

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