Wednesday, December 6, 2017

Fw: TheList 4605

The List 4605

To All
A bit of history and some tidbits.
This Day In Naval History – December 6
Dec. 6
1861—During the Civil War, the side-wheel steam cruiser Augusta, commanded by Cmdr. Enoch G. Parrott, captures British blockade runner Cheshire off South Carolina.
1917—During World War I, German submarine U-53 torpedoes and sinks USS Jacob Jones (DD 61) off England with the loss of 64 lives. U-53's commanding officer, Hans Rose, in a rare gesture, reports the 38 survivors' drift location to the American base in Queenstown, Ireland.
1941—USS Decatur (DD 341), in Task Unit 4.1.4, while on escort duty with convoy ONS 39, carries out a depth charge attack on a suspicious contact in the North Atlantic.
1941—President Franklin D. Roosevelt sends a letter to the Japanese emperor reminding the Japanese leader of their country's long-standing relationship and his concern about developments occurring in the Pacific area.
1943—USS Raven (AM 55) rescues 16 survivors from U.S. tanker Touchet, which was sunk by German submarine U 193 three days earlier. The entire merchant complement of 50 men survived but 10 of the 30-man armed guard are lost with the ship.
1959—Cmdr. Lawrence E. Flint, Jr., piloting a McDonnell F4H-1 Phantom II powered by two GE J-79 engines, betters the existing world altitude record by reaching 98,560 feet above Edwards Air Force Base, CA. The previous record of 94,658 feet was reached in the USSR by a TU-431 jet. 
1968 - Operation Giant Slingshot began in Mekong Delta
Today in History
December 6
Christopher Columbus lands on the island of Santo Domingo in search of gold.
The majority of Napoleon Bonaparte's Grand ArmeƩ staggers into Vilna, Lithuania, ending the failed Russian campaign.
Union General George G. Meade leads a foraging expedition to Gunnell's farm near Dranesville, Virginia.
President Abraham Lincoln orders the hanging of 39 of the 303 convicted Indians who participated in the Sioux Uprising in Minnesota. They are to be hanged on December 26.
The monitor Weehawken sinks in the Charleston Harbor.
The 13th Amendment is ratified, abolishing slavery.
Jack McCall is convicted for the murder of Wild Bill Hickok and sentenced to hang.
Thomas A. Edison makes the first sound recording when he recites "Mary had a Little Lamb" into his phonograph machine.
Lieutenant Thomas E. Selfridge flies a powered, man-carrying kite that carries him 168 feet in the air for seven minutes at Baddeck, Nova Scotia.
The Bolsheviks imprison Czar Nicholas II and his family in Tobolsk.
Ireland's 26 southern counties become independent from Britain forming the Irish Free State.
Benito Mussolini threatens Italian newspapers with censorship if they keep reporting "false" information.
American Ambassador Davis says Japan is a grave security threat in the Pacific.
France and Germany sign a treaty of friendship.
Britain agrees to send arms to Finland, which is fighting off a Soviet invasion.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt issues a personal appeal to Emperor Hirohito to use his influence to avoid war.
The United States extends a $3 billion loan to Great Britain to help compensate for the termination of the Lend-Lease agreement.
Florida's Everglades National Park is established.
The "Pumpkin Spy Papers" are found on the Maryland farm of Whittaker Chambers. They become evidence that State Department employee Alger Hiss is spying for the Soviet Union.
 Vanguard TV3 explodes on the launchpad, thwarting the first US attempt to launch a satellite into Earth's orbit.
Adrian Kantrowitz performs the first human heart transplant in the US.
Hells Angels, hired to provide security at a Rolling Stones concert at the Altamont Speedway in California, beat to death concert-goer Meredith Hunter.
Pakistan severs diplomatic relations with India after New Delhi recognizes the state of Bangladesh.
The US House of Representatives confirms Gerald Ford as Vice-President of the United States, 387–35.
A Provisional IRA unit takes a couple hostage in Balcombe Street, London, and a 6-day siege begins.
Democrat Tip O'Neill is elected speaker of the House of Representatives. He will serve the longest consecutive term as speaker.
The Babri Mosque in Ayodhya, India, is destroyed during a riot that started as a political protest.
NASA reveals photographs from Mars Global Surveyor that suggest the presence of water on the red planet.
Military Milestones from Wake's Defenders to Chesty at Chosin by  W. Thomas Smith Jr.
This Week in American Military History:
Dec. 6, 1950:  American forces – primarily leathernecks of the now-famous 1st Marine Division, a few American soldiers, and a handful of British commandos – begin their epic "fighting withdrawal" from Hagaru-ri to Koto-ri and on to Hamnung, during the breakout from the Chosin Reservoir, Korea.
At Koto-ri, a few officers will express concern that their vastly outnumbered, bloodied, freezing, near-starving columns might not survive the final trek to Hamnung.
The legendary Marine Col. (future Lt. Gen.) Lewis B. "Chesty" Puller, will purportedly respond, "There aren't enough Chinese laundrymen in the world to stop a Marine regiment going where it wants to go! Christ in His mercy will see us through."
Puller's words – though perhaps not pleasing to racially sensitive ears in 2009 – will prove true in 1950. By Dec. 10, the Marines will pass through the safety of X Corps lines at Chinhung-ni and reach the coast at Hamnung.
According to the United States Marine Corps History Division, Puller, a Virginia native, will become "one of the most decorated Marines in the Corps," and the only Marine to be awarded an unprecedented five Navy Crosses.
Puller's fifth Navy Cross will be awarded for his actions during the breakout from Chosin, a portion of his citation reading: "Fighting continuously in sub-zero weather against a vastly outnumbering hostile force, Colonel Puller drove off repeated and fanatical enemy attacks upon his Regimental defense sector and supply points. …
"During the attack from Koto-ri to Hamnung, he [Puller] expertly utilized his Regiment as the Division rear guard, repelling two fierce enemy assaults which severely threatened the security of the unit, and personally supervised the care and prompt evacuation of all casualties. …"
Dec. 7, 1941:  Japanese Naval air forces strike Pearl Harbor (Oahu, Hawaii), the main U.S. Naval base there, the anchored American fleet, and an Army airfield in a tactically successful albeit strategically ruinous "sneak attack" that will fully thrust America into World War II.
The attack is conducted in two waves: The first wave of 183 enemy aircraft strikes just before 8:00 a.m. The second wave of 170 planes hits a little after 8:30 a.m.
By day's end, 2,718 American sailors, 582 soldiers (including Army Air Forces personnel), 178 Marines, and 103 civilians will be dead, dying or wounded. Scores of American ships will be sunk – including four battleships and two destroyers – or badly damaged, and nearly 200 aircraft will be destroyed.
The attack is not an isolated event, as Japanese forces simultaneously strike American and British military targets with a dizzying series of attacks across the Pacific.
Dec. 8, 1941:  U.S. Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt, referring to Dec. 7 as "a date which will live in infamy," asks Congress for a declaration of war against the Japanese empire. Within hours, Congress officially declares war on Japan.
Within three days, Adolf Hitler will declare that a state of war exists between Germany and the United States. Hitler's Italian ally, Benito Mussolini, will follow suit.
FDR will return to Congress and ask for declarations of war against both Germany and Italy. His requests will be granted.
Dec. 10, 1864:  Union Army forces under the command of Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman reach the outskirts of Savannah, Georgia, a key Confederate coastal city which Sherman will present as a Christmas gift to Pres. Abraham Lincoln on Dec. 22. Sherman's famous "March [from Atlanta] to the Sea" (infamous to many Southerners, even today) is all but over. In the new year, Sherman's army will begin its fiery march up into South Carolina, the extraordinarily proud but soon-to-be defeated state where the whole thing started.
Dec. 10, 1898:  The Spanish-American War ends with the signing of the "Treaty of Paris" (not to be confused with the 1783-1784 "Treaty of Paris" ending our War of Independence, nor the 1763 "Treaty of Paris" ending the Seven Years War, known here in the colonies as the French and Indian War). Spain gets the short end of the stick. We get Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines, Guam, etc.
Dec. 11, 1941:  Four days after Pearl Harbor, isolated and embattled U.S. Marines – and a few good sailors, soldiers, and civilian contractors – put up a heroic defense of Wake Island in the Pacific, beating back an attempted Japanese landing with heavy losses to the enemy. Wake will fall by Christmas. But the heroics exhibited by the American defenders – basically two companies of Marines holding off the Japanese Navy for two weeks – will be compared to the heroic nearly-two-week defense of the Alamo in 1836.
Thanks to Carl….Now you can get ready for the original Big Game
Army-Navy game history has unique firsts, has endured through tragedy
December 5, 2017
The game is bigger than sports.
Even the name of the game — Army-Navy — is known by generations of non-sports fans. And this Saturday, the 127-year-old ritual meeting of two of the nation's service academies will kick off in Philadelphia.
The game has endured tragedy, given birth to unique firsts, and provided ample pride and quirkiness.
Did you know the game was canceled by President Grover Cleveland in 1893?
Last week the U.S. Naval Academy Museum shared a photo of the 1893 team, which defeated Army 6-4. But the "resulting post-game brawls and possibly the threat of a duel between an admiral and general" caused Cleveland to cancel future Army-Navy games, the museum said. (President William McKinley would step in and reinstitute the game in 1899.)
The 1893 game also debuted the first football helmet, according to "Newton's Football: The Science Behind America's Game."
The leather helmet was worn by Joseph Mason Reeves after a doctor told him he risked "instant insanity" or death if he was kicked in the head again. Reeves, who reached the rank of admiral, is perhaps better known as the "father of carrier aviation."
"Anchors Aweigh" premiered at an Army-Navy game in 1906. Former Naval Academy Band bandmaster Lt. Charles Zimmermann wrote the song's famous tune, while the lyrics were written by Alfred Hart Miles, a midshipman, according to the band's website. Navy won that year for the first time since 1900.
There was no Army-Navy game in 1917 and 1918 because of World War I, according to writer Michael Williams of the United States World War 1 Centennial Commission.
"When the Army-Navy game did return, in the fall of 1919, it represented an eager return to normalcy for a nation still reeling from war: 45,000 spectators, including an honorary contingent of wounded soldiers, braved the pouring rain to see Navy beat Army 6-0," Williams said.
World War II also had an effect on the game. Rather than Philadelphia, New York or Baltimore, the game was held in Annapolis in 1942 and at West Point in 1943.
Last month, The Baltimore Sun's Mike Klingaman wrote about the 1942 game in which, due to wartime restrictions, only people who lived within 10 miles of Annapolis were permitted to attend. The teams played before a crowd of about 11,000 rather than 100,000.
They didn't let the cadets travel to Annapolis to cheer for Army either — instead, half the brigade of midshipmen sat on the opposing team's side and rooted for the Black Knights. The Army's mule, Jack, stayed home as well and officials borrowed another mule from a farm near Annapolis. Navy won.
The 1963 Army-Navy game was scheduled for Nov. 30, but was pushed to Dec. 7 after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy on Nov. 22. Jackie Kennedy, after consulting with brother-in-law Robert F. Kennedy, reportedly made the decision her husband would have wanted the game played.
Many historians feel the annual tradition helped heal the nation and restored a sense of normalcy.
November 29, 1890 was the first Amy Navy Game played at West Point.  Between 1890 and 1927, they played 30 times.  Since 1930, it has been an annual event. We take a looks at some of those football games starting with the very first.
The 1963 game is also the first time instant replay was used during the telecast of a football game, according to the NCAA. A 1-yard Army touchdown was replayed for viewers at home, and the announcer had to remind the people watching they weren't seeing a second score. Navy won that game as well.
But they lost the next year — ending a five-game winning streak. Army quarterback Rollie Stichweh outplayed his rival — and 1963 Heisman Trophy winner — Roger Staubach. Staubach later led the Dallas Cowboys to two Super Bowl victories, in 1972 and 1978.

US Navy Is NOT Ready For Major War: Ex-Skippers, Bob Work


By Sydney J. Freedberg Jr. on December 05, 2017 at 4:26 PM
Thanks to Robert
This is almost unbelievable.  Looks like todays kids in school better start building computer soft ware for a job in the future
An interesting talk by the Head of Daimler Benz.
A bit mind blowing to say the least!
He predicted an interesting concept of what could lay ahead.

In a recent interview, the Head of Daimler Benz (Mercedes Benz) said their competitors are no longer other car companies, but Tesla (obviously), and now, Google, Apple, Amazon 'et al' are.

Software will disrupt most traditional industries in the next 5-10 years.
Uber is just a software tool, they don't own any cars, and are now the biggest taxi company in the world.
Airbnb is now the biggest hotel company in the world, although they don't own any properties.
Artificial Intelligence:  Computers become exponentially better in understanding the world.  This year, a computer beat the best Go player in the world, 10 years earlier than expected.
In the U.S., young lawyers already can't get jobs.  Because of IBM Watson, you can get legal advice (so far for more or less basic stuff) within seconds, with 90% accuracy compared with 70% accuracy when done by humans.
So, if you study law, stop immediately.  There will be 90% less lawyers in the future, only specialists will remain.
Watson already helps nurses diagnosing cancer, 4 times more accurate than human nurses.  Facebook now has a pattern recognition software that can recognize faces better than humans. In 2030, computers will become more intelligent than humans.
Autonomous cars: In 2018 the first self-driving cars will appear for the public.  Around 2020, the complete industry will start to be disrupted.  You don't want to own a car anymore.  You will call a car with your phone, it will show up at your location and drive you to your destination.  You will not need to park it, you only pay for the driven distance and you can be productive while driving.  Our kids will never get a driver's license and will never own a car.
It will change the cities, because we will need 90-95% less cars for that.  We can transform former parking spaces into parks.  
1.2 million people die each year in car accidents worldwide.  We now have one accident every 60,000 miles (100,000 km), with autonomous driving that will drop to one accident in 6 million miles (10 million km).  That will save a million lives each year.
Most car companies will probably go bankrupt.  Traditional car companies will try the traditional approach and try to build a better car, while tech companies (Tesla, Apple, Google) will take the revolutionary approach and build a computer on wheels.
Many engineers from Volkswagen and Audi are completely terrified of Tesla.
Auto Insurance companies will have massive trouble because without accidents, car insurance will become much cheaper.  Their car insurance business model will slowly disappear.
Real estate will change. Because if you can work while you commute, people will move further away to live in a more beautiful neighborhood.
Electric cars will become mainstream about 2020..  Cities will be less noisy because all new cars will run on electricity.  Electricity will become incredibly cheap and clean:  Solar production has been on an exponential curve for 30 years, and now you can now see the burgeoning impact.
Last year, more solar energy was installed worldwide than fossil.   Energy companies are desperately trying to limit access to the grid to prevent competition from home solar installations, but that can't last.  Technology will take care of that strategy.
With cheap electricity comes cheap and abundant water.  Desalination of salt water now only needs 2kwh per cubic meter (@ 0.25 cents).  We don't have scarce water in most places, we only have scarce drinking water.  Imagine what will be possible if anyone can have as much clean water as he wants, for nearly no cost.
Health innovations:  The Tricorder X price will be announced this year.  There are companies who will build a medical device (called the "Tricorder" from Star Trek) that works with your phone, which takes your retina scan, your blood sample, and you can breath into it.
It then analyses 54 biomarkers that will identify nearly any disease.  It will be cheap, so in a few years everyone on this planet will have access to world class medical analysis, nearly for free.  Goodbye, medical establishment.
3D printing:  The price of the cheapest 3D printer came down from $18,000 to $400 within 10 years.  In the same time, it became 100 times faster.  All major shoe companies have already started 3D printing shoes.

Some common spare airplane parts are already 3D printed in remote airports.  The space station now has a printer that eliminates the need for the large amount of spare parts they used to keep in the past.
At the end of this year, new smart phones will have 3D scanning possibilities.  You can then 3D scan your feet and print your perfect shoes at home.
In China, they already 3D printed and built a complete 6-storey office building.  By 2027, 10% of everything that's being produced will be 3D printed.
Business opportunities: If you think of a niche you want to go in, ask yourself:  "In the future, do you think we will have that?", and if the answer is yes, how can you make that happen sooner?
If it doesn't work with your phone, forget the idea.  And any idea designed for success in the 20th century is doomed to failure in the 21st century.
Work: 70-80% of jobs will disappear in the next 20 years.  There will be a lot of new jobs, but it is not clear if there will be enough new jobs in such a small time.
Agriculture:  There will be a $100 agricultural robot in the future. Farmers in 3rd world countries can then become managers of their field instead of working all day on their fields.
Aeroponics will need much less water.  The first Petri dish that produced veal is now available and will be cheaper than cow produced veal in 2018.  Right now, 30% of all agricultural surfaces is used for cows.  Imagine if we don't need that space anymore.  
There are several startups who will bring insect protein to the market shortly. It contains more protein than meat.  It will be labeled as "alternative protein source" (because most people still reject the idea of eating insects).
There is an app called "moodies" which can already tell in which mood you're in.  By 2020 there will be apps that can tell by your facial expressions, if you are lying.   Imagine a political debate where it's being displayed when they're telling the truth and when they're not.
Bitcoin may even become the default reserve currency ... Of the world!
Longevity:  Right now, the average life span increases by 3 months per year.  Four years ago, the life span used to be 79 years, now it's 80 years. The increase itself is increasing and by 2036, there will be more than one year increase per year.  So, we all might live for a long time, probably way more than 100.
Education:  The cheapest smart phones are already at $10 in Africa and Asia.  By 2020, 70% of all humans will own a smart phone.  That means, everyone has the same access to world class education.
Every child can use Khan academy for everything a child needs to learn at school in First World countries. There have already been releases of software in Indonesia and soon there will be releases in Arabic, Swahili, and Chinese this summer. I can see enormous potential if we give the English app for free, so that children in Africa and everywhere else can become fluent in English.  And that could happen within half a year.
Item Number:1 Date: 12/06/2017 AFGHANISTAN - SCORES OF TERRORISTS KILLED IN RECENT OPS, INCLUDING DEPUTY OF AL-QAIDA AFFILIATE (DEC 06/RESOLUTE)  NATO'S RESOLUTE SUPPORT MISSION -- A series of joint U.S.-Afghan operations has led to the death of a top leader of the Al-Qaida network, according to a statement from NATO's Resolute Support Mission.   On Tuesday, U.S. military command in Afghanistan confirmed the death of Omar bin Khatab.   The statement also said "multiple" Al-Qaida members were killed in operations in Afghanistan's Ghazni, Paktia and Zabul provinces. Afghan intelligence sources quoted by the Washington Post said at least 80 were killed and 27 captured.   Bin Khatib, also known as Omar Mansoor, was the deputy of Al-Qaida in the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS). He was the most senior terrorist leader killed in Afghanistan since 2001, said an Afghan intelligence official quoted by the Post.   The AQIS deputy was killed in in the Gilan district of Ghazni province southwest of the capital, said intelligence sources   Separately, the Taliban's "Red Unit" commander in Helmand province, Mullah Shah Wali, aka Haji Nasir, was killed in a strike in Musa Qalah, Helmand, on Dec. 1. Four other Taliban fighters, including a deputy commander, were also reportedly killed in the strike. The "special operations" unit has been responsible for planning numerous suicide bombings and improvised-explosive attacks, say U.S. officials
  Item Number:2 Date: 12/06/2017 AUSTRALIA - SEAHAWK HELICOPTERS RETIRE AFTER 29 YEARS; NAVY MAKES TRANSITION TO MH-60RS (DEC 06/FG)  FLIGHTGLOBAL -- The Royal Australian Navy has retired the last of its S-70B-2 Seahawk maritime helicopters, reports Flight Global.   The final flight for the type took place on Dec. 1. The helicopter was flown to the Australian War Memorial in Canberra, where it will be preserved.   The Seahawk had been in the inventory of the Fleet Air Arm for 29 years, being operationally deployed in the Middle East during that time, noted DefPost, an online publication.   The Seahawks have been replaced by 24 MH-60R anti-submarine and anti-surface warfare helicopters. Deliveries of those aircraft began in October 2014.   The MH-60R is operated by 725 squadron at Nowra, New South Wales.   The navy has also concluded operations with its H125/AS 350 trainers. Those aircraft have been replaced by the H135
Item Number:3 Date: 12/06/2017 EGYPT - FORMER INTERIOR MINISTER ABOUT TO BEGIN SERVING SENTENCE FOR CORRUPTION (DEC 06/ALMASRY)  AL-MASRY AL-YOUM -- Former Interior Minister Habib el-Adly has turned himself over to the authorities to begin serving a seven-year sentence for corruption, reports the Al Masry Al Youm.   Many accounts, including one by Agence France Press, said he was arrested on Tuesday after being on the run to avoid serving the prison sentence.   The New York Times reported last month that el-Adly was in Saudi Arabia advising Crown Prince, Mohammed bin Salman. His lawyer denied this claim, saying his client had not left Egypt.   El-Adly served as interior minister from 1997 to 2011.   In April, he and two other officials were found guilty of corruption and ordered to repay a total of US$109.83 million to the state.   El-Adly is expected to appeal his sentence
Item Number:4 Date: 12/06/2017 ESTONIA - SCOUTS BATTALION TO USE ADDITIONAL ARMORED VEHICLES BOUGHT FROM THE NETHERLANDS (DEC 06/BNS)  BALTIC NEWS SERVICE -- A second batch of armored vehicles purchased from the Netherlands has arrived in Estonia, reports the Baltic News Service.   More than 10 CV 9035 infantry fighting vehicles and three support vehicles based on the chassis of the Leopard 1 tank arrived at the port of Paldiski in northwestern Estonia on Dec. 2.   Estonia purchased 44 used CV 9035s and six Leopard 1-based support vehicles from the Netherlands in 2014.   An initial batch of 12 CV 9035s and one Leopard 1 support vehicle was delivered in October 2016.   The vehicles are being stationed at Tapa army base and will be used by the Scouts Battalion
Item Number:5 Date: 12/06/2017 HUNGARY - PROSECUTORS CHARGE MEMBER OF EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT WITH SPYING FOR RUSSIA (DEC 06/REU)  REUTERS -- A Hungarian member of the European Parliament has been charged with spying on European Union institutions for Russia, say prosecutors in Budapest, as reported by Reuters.   Bela Kovacs, a member of the nationalist Jobbik party, is charged with a number of espionage-related crimes, including using forged documents, said prosecutors on Wednesday.   The announcement follows a three-year investigation into the party's financial reporting practices.   Kovacs called the case against him a "fantasy," but told Reuters that he would quit Jobbik as of Wednesday.   The European Parliament lifted Kovacs' immunity in October 2015.   No date has been announced for a trial.  
  Item Number:6 Date: 12/06/2017 ITALY - SICILIAN AUTHORITIES ARREST 25 IN ANTI-MAFIA OPERATIONS, INCLUDING 'GODMOTHER' (DEC 06/LOCAL)  THE LOCAL -- Police in Palermo, Sicily, have arrested 25 accused mobsters, including a Mafia "godmother," reports the Local (Italy).   Tuesday's operation involved more than 200 police officers, along with five dogs and two helicopters, reported Reuters. Those arrested will be charged with extortion, smuggling of stolen goods and Mafia-related crimes.   The investigation lasted more than two years, authorities say, and involved multiple wiretaps to map the organization's structure.   The 49-year-old godmother, Maria Angela Di Trapani, the wife of jailed Mafia boss Salvino Madonia, was among those arrested. She is believed to be the acting boss for the Resuttana clan, one of the most powerful within Sicily's Cosa Nostra, reported Il Globo (Australia).   She has reportedly been overseeing the transfer of power after Palermo kingpin Toto Riina died last month, noted ANSA (Italy).   Di Trapani has already spent seven years in prison for Mafia-related crimes. Her husband has been in prison since 1991. He is serving a life term for the murder of an anti-extortion activist
Item Number:7 Date: 12/06/2017 LEBANON - HARIRI DECIDES TO REMAIN IN OFFICE, CITING AGREEMENT WITH POLITICAL PARTNERS (DEC 06/BLOOMBERG)  BLOOMBERG NEWS -- Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri says he will remain in office after the nation's governing partners pledged to stay out of conflicts in the region, reports Bloomberg News.   On Nov. 4 Hariri, announced he was resigning during a trip to Saudi Arabia. He publicly blamed Iran and its proxy Hezbollah of destabilizing Lebanon. Some suggested that he had been coerced into resigning. Hariri and Saudi officials denied those allegations.   On Tuesday, Hariri rescinded his resignation after chairing his first Cabinet meeting since returning to Beirut in late November.   In a statement, the prime minister said his coalition government, which includes the Iran-backed Hezbollah group, had reaffirmed a state policy of staying out of conflicts in Arab states, reported Reuters. The policy was unveiled in 2012.   Saudi Arabia has accused Hezbollah of fighting as agents of Iran across the Middle East. The political wing of the terrorist group is the most powerful bloc in the deeply divided coalition government.   Hezbollah's armed wing has been heavily involved in fighting in Syria in support of President Bashar Assad
  Item Number:8 Date: 12/06/2017 LIBYA - QADDAFI SON CLAIMS TO BE LEADING FIGHT AGAINST TERRORISTS NEAR TRIPOLI (DEC 06/GUARDIAN)  GUARDIAN -- The son of deposed Libyan dictator Muammar Qaddafi claims to be leading a military campaign against terrorist groups near Tripoli, reports the Guardian (U.K.).   Saif al-Islam Qaddafi has been gathering a force that has succeeded in taking control of the coastal town of Sabratha from the Islamic State, according to a U.S. contact with Saif cited by the newspaper.   It is unclear what role he might be playing.   Saif was released in June after six years of captivity in the town of Zintan.   Some observers have speculated that he could stand in elections currently scheduled for 2018, despite an outstanding indictment from the International Criminal Court in The Hague.  
  Item Number:9 Date: 12/06/2017 SOMALIA - UGANDAN PEACEKEEPERS BEGIN PHASED WITHDRAWAL (DEC 06/XIN)  XINHUA -- The Ugandan military says 281 of its peacekeepers have started to leave Somalia as part of a conditions-based drawdown, reports Xinhua, China's state news agency.   The phased withdrawal is in compliance with the African Union- and United Nations-approved reduction of 1,000 uniformed personnel serving under the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) by a Dec. 31 deadline.   In August, the U.N. Security Council extended the AMISOM mandate until May 31, 2018. It also approved a reduction of its personnel to a maximum of 21,626 by Dec. 31, as part of efforts to gradually return security responsibilities to Somali forces.   The A.U. announced in November that around 1,000 troops from the 22,000-strong regional force would leave Somalia by Dec. 31. As part of the effort, the organization is deploying an additional 500 police officers to enhance training and mentoring for Somali police
  Item Number:10 Date: 12/06/2017 SYRIA - AMERICAN MILITARY WILL STAY IN SYRIA 'AS LONG AS WE NEED TO,' SAYS PENTAGON (DEC 06/AFP)  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- U.S. forces will stay in Syria as long as is necessary to support its local partners and prevent the return of terrorists, says the Pentagon as reported by Agence France Presse.   "We are going to maintain our commitment on the ground as long as we need to, to support our partners and prevent the return of terrorist groups," a Pentagon spokesman told the news agency on Tuesday.   This commitment is "conditions-based," he said, meaning that no timeline is set for their withdrawal.   The continued presence would ensure the terrorist group cannot "regenerate, reclaim lost ground, or plot external attacks," he said.   The U.S. has about 2,000 troops on the ground in Syria, noted AFP
Item Number:11 Date: 12/06/2017 UGANDA - ARMY GETS DEPUTY COMMANDER; CHANGE AIMS AT STREAMLINING SERVICE (DEC 06/EA)  EAST AFRICAN -- President Yoweri Museveni has established a new deputy commander post for the Ugandan army, reports the East African (Nairobi, Kenya).   The creation of the new post is intended to streamline the Ugandan land forces, said a Defense Ministry spokesman on Dec. 3.   Brig. Sam Kavuma of the air force was promoted to major general and appointed to the deputy commander position. He previously served as the deputy commander for the air force.   Kavuma is being succeeded by Maj. Gen. Garvas Mugyenyi, the head of an air defense division in the Nakasongola district.   Separately, sources indicated that there was a plan to merge the air force and air defense components of the military
  Item Number:12 Date: 12/06/2017 UNITED KINGDOM - MI5, POLICE THWART ISLAMIST TERROR PLOT TO ASSASSINATE PM MAY (DEC 06/SKY)  SKY NEWS -- British authorities say a plot by Islamist extremists to assassinate Prime Minister Theresa May has been foiled, reports Sky News (U.K.).   The head of MI5, the U.K.'s domestic intelligence service, informed Cabinet ministers of the developments late Tuesday.   Two would-be attackers conspired to detonate an improvised explosive device at the prime minister's residence at 10 Downing Street and kill her in the ensuing chaos, said prosecutors.   Naa'imur Zakariyah Rahman, 20, from north London, and Mohammed Aqib Imran, 21, from southeast Birmingham, were arrested last week following a weeks-long investigation by security services. They were scheduled to appear in Westminster Magistrates' Court on Wednesday, noted the Daily Mail (U.K.).   The investigation reportedly included Scotland Yard, MI5 and the West Midlands Police
  Item Number:13 Date: 12/06/2017 USA - AIR FORCE ADDRESSING SHORTAGE OF MAINTAINERS (DEC 06/AFT)  AIR FORCE TIMES -- The U.S. Air Force says it has improved its shortfall of maintenance personnel that threatened to effect aircraft readiness, reports the Air Force Times.   By the end of fiscal 2017, the service was short about 400 maintainers, well below the 4,000 number reported at the end of fiscal 2015, according to Air Force officials.   The service indicated it was about 3,400 maintainers short at the end of fiscal 2016.   It will still take about five to seven years before the new maintainers are fully seasoned and experienced, noted a service spokeswoman.   The Air Force used several growth and retention tools to fill the gap, including hiring an additional 2,000 new maintenance trainees in 2017, in addition to the 6,000 it usually recruits annually. The service plans to increase accessions by 1,000 over the usual level in fiscal 2018, said the spokeswoman.   A number of high-year tenure extensions were approved to keep some maintainers, while selective re-enlistment bonuses were offered to retain others. The Air Force also employed direct-duty prior service accessions to bring back some maintainers who had left the service, said the spokeswoman.  
  Item Number:14 Date: 12/06/2017 USA - DURING 5 MONTHS TO RETAKE RAQQA, U.S. UAVS FLEW 44,000 HOURS, WERE RESPONSIBLE FOR 20 PERCENT OF STRIKE EFFORT (DEC 06/AFMAG)  AIR FORCE MAGAZINE -- Unmanned Air Force MQ-1 Predators and MQ-9 Reapers flew more than 44,000 hours and were responsible for about 20 percent of the coalition strike effort in the battle to retake Raqqa, Syria, from Islamic State terrorists, reports Air Force Magazine.   The unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) engaged in close air support, tactical reconnaissance, over watch and guiding munitions fired from other aircraft, said officials.   On Tuesday, the 432nd Wing detailed the activities of UAVs in the ousting of ISIS from the capital its self-proclaimed caliphate.   The final push began in June 2017, with the city being liberated in October, as the Air Force noted in a press release on Dec. 5.   Assistance from the unmanned aircraft allowed U.S.-backed fighters to move deeper in the city than they otherwise would have been able to, said a sensor operator from the 432nd Wing
  Item Number:15 Date: 12/06/2017 USA - NAVY SHIFTS ZUMWALT-CLASS STEALTH DESTROYER REQUIREMENTS TO SURFACE WARFARE (DEC 06/USNIN)  USNI NEWS -- The U.S. Navy is updating its requirements for its new Zumwalt-class stealth destroyers, reports USNI News.   The warships were originally designed to support forces ashore with long-range gunfire fired at fixed targets. The new requirements will focus on surface warfare, to make the class more effective against other ships in blue water and in littoral areas, according to Rear Adm. Ron Boxall, the director of surface warfare.   Navy leaders are reviewing the recommendations of the Zumwalt Requirements Evaluation Team, which brought together acquisition, requirements and operational experts to produce an affordable plan that generates the most combat utility for the three destroyers.   On Monday, the Michael Mansoor, the second destroyer in the class, departed Bath Iron Works in Maine for its initial sea trials, reported the Portland Press Herald (Maine
Item Number:16 Date: 12/06/2017 USA - RAYMOND ASSUMES DUAL-HATTED ROLE, COMMANDING SPACE COMMAND, JOINT SPACE FORCES (DEC 06/AFSCNS)  AIR FORCE SPACE COMMAND NEWS SERVICE -- The head of the U.S. Air Force Space Command now holds the Joint Force Space Component Commander post, taking operational responsibility for the employment of all joint space forces, reports the Air Force Space Command (AFSPC).   Gen. Jay Raymond assumed the new post during a ceremony on Sunday at Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.   Air Force Gen. John Hyten, the commander of U.S. Strategic Command, presided over the ceremony, which also inactivated STRATCOM's Joint Functional Component Command for Space.   The move is part of a broader restructuring within the command designed to improve space combat effectiveness, the AFSPC release said.   The ceremony also marked the attainment of initial operational capability for the new Joint Forces Space Component Commander structure.   Raymond is dual-hatted as the commander of AFSPC and JFSCC, making him responsible for organizing, training and equipping Air Force space forces as well as for executing operational command-and-control of joint space forces.   The general will have two separate staffs that will be synchronized to enhance joint space combat capability and operational test and evaluation (OT&E) efforts. No new positions are being created or eliminated as part of the restructuring, noted AFSPC
Item Number:17 Date: 12/06/2017 USA - TRUMP TO RECOGNIZE JERUSALEM AS CAPITAL OF ISRAEL (DEC 06/NYT)  NEW YORK TIMES -- Senior administration officials say President Trump will recognize Jerusalem on Wednesday as the capital of Israel, and has instructed the State Dept. to begin making plans to move the U.S. Embassy in Israel, reports the New York Times.   While the recognition could take effect immediately, the capital is not expected to move for several years, reported BBC.   According to the White House, on Tuesday Trump honed Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas and several Arab leaders. Some Arab leaders reportedly warned that the move would disrupt the peace process.   Netanyahu said Israel's "historical and national identity is receiving recognition," reported Haaretz (Israel).   The White House said the move would be a "recognition of reality," noted CNN. Palestinian factions, meanwhile, called for "three days of rage" and protests
  Item Number:18 Date: 12/06/2017 UZBEKISTAN - VISITING AFGHAN PRESIDENT DISCUSSES BILATERAL RELATIONS, TERRORISM, DRUG-TRAFFICKING (DEC 06/RFE/RL)  RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY -- Uzbek President Shavkat Mirziyoev has been hosting his Afghan counterpart, Ashraf Ghani, in Tashkent, the Uzbek capital, reports Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.   Their talks on Tuesday were expected to focus on bilateral ties and regional security, as well as joint efforts against terrorism, extremism and drug-trafficking.   The presidents also signed a number of agreements on cooperation in trade, education, health care and the creation of a joint commission to enforce security along the mutual border, officials said.   Ghani arrived in Tashkent on Dec. 4 and is scheduled to end the official visit on Dec. 6
  Item Number:19 Date: 12/06/2017 YEMEN - HOUTHIS CONTINUE KILLING, ARRESTS IN CONSOLIDATION OF CONTROL OF SANAA (DEC 06/NATIONAL)  THE NATIONAL -- Houthi rebels have killed several people loyal to Yemen's former president and erstwhile ally Ali Abdullah Saleh, reports the National (Abu Dhabi).   Tareq Mohammed Abdullah Saleh, a senior military commander and nephew of Ali Abdullah Saleh, was killed during a wave of assaults on Monday.   Attacks on Monday led to the death of Yemen's former president as he fled his compound in Sanaa, the Yemeni capital, said officials loyal to the Saleh family.   The nephew was the commander of the Republican Guard and a high-ranking Yemeni security official.   Two high-ranking military officers were also shot dead on Monday. Maj. Gen. Mahdi Makwalah and Maj. Gen. Abdullah Dhabaan were "executed" by the Houthi rebels, said the officials.   Aref Al Zuka, the assistant secretary of Saleh's General People's Congress, was also shot by Houthis after arriving at a military hospital, said party members.   On Tuesday, the Houthis rounded up hundreds of fighters thought to be loyal to Saleh and consolidated their control of the capital, reported the Wall Street Journal.   Two of the former president's sons, Salah and Madyan, are said to be in custody of the Houthis
  Item Number:20 Date: 12/06/2017 ZIMBABWE - OFFICERS AT STAFF COLLEGE WILL SOON BE ABLE TO OBTAIN DEGREE IN DEFENSE AND SECURITY STUDIES (DEC 06/HER)  HERALD -- The Zimbabwe Staff College has decided to offer a bachelor of arts honors degree in defense and security studies, reports the Herald (Harare).   The program will be offered next year in conjunction with the University of Zimbabwe. It aims to provide officers with necessary knowledge on international defense and security issues and challenges.   These issues now require a robust interdisciplinary approach instead of a traditional military one, Defense Secretary Martin Rushwaya said last week.   Students will study defense and security theory as well as offer practical skills that will enable the officers to engage with and manage critical defense and security issues, he said.

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