Friday, December 1, 2017

Fw: TheList 4601

The List 4601

To All
I hope that your week has been going well. The List will resume again on Saturday or Sunday when I return home.
This Day In Naval History - November 30
Nov. 30
1881—The whaler Rodgers is destroyed by a fire at St. Lawrence Bay on the Siberian coast. Before the fire, Rodgers had charted Wrangel Island, proving conclusively that it was not part of the Asian continent.
1912—Lt. Theodore G. Ellyson, the first U.S. Navy officer to qualify as an airplane pilot, tests the Navy's first C-1 flying boat at Hammondsport, New York.
1942—USS Northampton (CA 26) is sunk and USS Pensacola (CA 24), USS New Orleans (CA 32), and USS Minneapolis (CA 36) are badly damaged by a Japanese torpedo counter-attack during the Battle of Tassafaronga at Guadalcanal.
1943—PBY aircraft sink the Palau-bound Japanese cargo ship Himalaya Maru south of New Hanover, Bismarck Archipelago. 
1993—President William J. Clinton signs legislation that lifts the ban on women serving aboard combat ships.
November 30
The British sign a preliminary agreement in Paris, recognizing American independence.
Mexico declares war on France.
The British Parliament sends to Queen Victoria an ultimatum for the United States, demanding the release of two Confederate diplomats who were seized on the British ship Trent.
The Union wins the Battle of Franklin, Tennessee.
The French government denounces British actions in South Africa, declaring sympathy for the Boers.
Oscar Wilde dies in a Paris hotel room after saying of the room's wallpaper: "One of us has got to go."
President Theodore Roosevelt publicly denounces segregation of Japanese schoolchildren in San Francisco.
Women cast votes for the first time in French legislative elections.
Non-belief in Nazism is proclaimed grounds for divorce in Germany.
Russian forces take Danzig in Poland and invade Austria.
The Soviet Union completes the division of Berlin, installing the government in the Soviet sector.
President Harry Truman declares that the United States will use the A-bomb to get peace in Korea.
The United States offers emergency oil to Europe to counter the Arab ban.
The Soviet Union vetoes a UN seat for Kuwait, pleasing Iraq.
India and Pakistan decide to end a 10-year trade ban.
Pioneer II sends photos back to NASA as it nears Jupiter.
Pope John Paul II becomes the first pope in 1,000 years to attend an Orthodox mass.
Representatives of the US and the USSR meet in Geneva, Switzerland, to begin negotiations on reducing the number of intermediate-range nuclear weapons in Europe.
Thriller, Michael Jackson's second solo album, is released; the album, produced by Quincy Jones, became the best-selling album in history.
US President Bill Clinton signs the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (better known as the Brady Bill) into law.
The MS Achille Lauro, a ship with a long history of problems, including a 1985 terrorist hijacking, catches fire off the coast of Somalia.
Operation Desert Storm officially comes to an end.
Exxon and Mobil Oil agree to a $73.7 billion merger, creating the world's largest company, Exxon-Mobil.
On the game show Jeopardy! contestant Ken Jennings loses after 74 consecutive victories. It is the longest winning streak in game-show history, earning him a total of over $3 million.
John Sentamu becomes Archbishop of York, making him the Church of England's first black archbishop.
A bit of history
The Somers Mutiny.
On Dec. 1, 1842, 175 years ago, Midshipman Philip Spencer, Boatswain's Mate Samuel Cromwell, and Seaman Elisha Small of the U.S. Navy brig Somers were executed for mutiny. The ship, commanded by Cmdr. Alexander Slidell MacKenzie, was on the passage to the West Indies when the officers noticed a steady worsening of morale. On Nov. 26, MacKenzie arrested Spencer, the son of Secretary of War Spencer, for inciting mutiny. The next day, Cromwell and Small were also put in irons. An investigation by the officers of the ship over the next few days indicated that these men were plotting to take over the ship, throw the officers and loyal members of the crew to the sharks, and then to use Somers for piracy. On Dec. 1, the officers reported that they had "come to a cool, decided, and unanimous opinion" that the prisoners were "guilty of a full and determined intention to commit a mutiny," and they recommended that the three be put to death. All three were promptly hanged. To learn more, check out the new Somers page under Notable Ships at NHHC's website.
An After-Thanksgiving Attack in "Suicide Alley," Part I.
If asked what ship sustained the most casualties during World War II, most if not all would name the battleship Arizona that was lost during the attack on Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941. But what about the ship that sustained the second-greatest loss of American lives? On Oct. 12, 1943, several thousand American service members departed from Hampton Roads for the Atlantic aboard five American transport ships. Then on Nov. 24, more than 2,000 of them reembarked at Oran, Algeria, aboard HMT Rohna to join convoy KMF-26. While onboard Rohna, the service members learned that their destination would be the China-Burma-India theater of operations. Many of the men were on their first deployment from the United States and were unaware that they would be passing through a section of the Mediterranean known as "Suicide Alley." To learn more about the story of Rohna, read the post by Justin Hall at the Hampton Roads Naval Museum's blog.
Thanks to John
Subject: Wingsuit Flyers Fly Into A Plane
Pale blue dot ...
Thanks to Harry …and Dr. Rich
It's just a couple of minutes to pause and adjust our perceptions.
This excerpt from Carl Sagan's book Pale Blue Dot (1994) was inspired by an image taken,  at Sagan's suggestion,by Voyager 1 on Feb 14, 1990.  From a distance of about 6 billion km  Voyager 1, which had completed its primary mission and was leaving the Solar System,  was commanded by NASA to turn its camera around and take one last photo of Earth across a great expanse of space, at the request of Carl Sagan.
The accompanying words, written 27 yrs ago are still relevant today.
Thanks to Felix …
Untold story of the Concord crash..

Perhaps lawyers have a useful function after all; in this case, driving a search for truth in an airplane accident...
Thanks to Carl
(Watch the Ruby video to the end—written about a true story!!)
Mel Tillis, Stuttering Country Singer
In spite of stuttering from age three onward, Mel Tillis became a world-famous singer and songwriter, movie actor and television host.  He was inducted into the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1976 and the Country Music Hall of Fame in 2007.  President Obama awarded him the National Medal of Arts in 2011.  He wrote more than 1,000 songs and recorded more than 60 albums over his 60-year career.   He had colon cancer surgery in January 2016 and 22 months later he died of respiratory failure, probably caused by spread of the cancer from his colon to his lungs.  
Because of his stuttering, he described himself as "the most unlikely to ever make it" in show business. From his early years he stuttered when he talked but not when he sang.  He believed that his stutter was caused by suffering from malaria at age three.  However, I can find no medical reports of malaria as a cause of stuttering.   When he was trying to break into show business, a record company executive told him to become a songwriter and forget about performing.  
Tillis credits comedian Minnie Pearl for helping him become a singer, rather than just a songwriter.  She had hired him to play the guitar for her revue in the late 1950s. He would move from the background to the center of the stage, sing and play his guitar, and then immediately disappear into the most inconspicuous part of the stage as far back as possible.  One day, Minnie came up to him and told him, "Melvin, you have a speech hang-up.  If you are going to be in this business, you need to introduce your own songs, and when you're finished, you need to thank them yourself."  He said, "Minnie, they're laughing at me," and she replied, "They're laughing with you."  He acknowledged that, "The more I go on stage and feel my independence and that power over audiences, the less I stutter."  After he became a star, he recounted this story: "I had a guy come through my autograph line and he said, 'Mel Tillis! I paid $35 to hear you stutter, and you ain't stuttered one damn bit!' I said, 'I'm trying to quit, sir.'"  In 1998, he became honorary chairman of the Stuttering Foundation of America.
Mel Tillis, Country Singer and Songwriter, Dies at 85 | Billboard News Flash -  (2:37)
Early Life and Music Career
He grew up in a small town in Florida where his father was a baker who played harmonica and guitar.  His mother was also musical.  He learned to play the guitar, violin and drums and at age 16, he won a local talent show.  After high school, he went to the University of Florida but dropped out to enlist in the U.S. Air Force.  He was turned down for pilot training and instead was trained in his father's profession as a baker and shipped off to Okinawa.  After he left the Air Force, he told everyone that he had served his country . . . "cakes and cookies and bread."   
At age 23, he returned to Florida, worked for the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad in Tampa and used a railroad pass to go to Nashville.  There, after hearing him sing, Wesley Rose of the Nashville publishing house Acuff-Rose Music told him to become a songwriter instead.  He returned to Florida and worked as a strawberry picker, railroad fireman, milkman and deliveryman.  Eventually he was hired by Webb Pierce as a writer for Cedarwood Music where he wrote a series of very successful songs, including I'm Tired, I Ain't Never, Tupelo County Jail and Honky Tonk Song.  In 1969, at the height of the Viet Nam War, his Ruby, Don't Take Your Love to Town dominated the country charts.  It tells the story of a veteran paralyzed during the Korean War.  The soldier begs his wife not to leave him and even dreams of killing her: "If I could move, I'd get my gun and put her in the ground."
Mel Tillis - Ruby Don't Take Your Love To Town - (3:36)
His songwriting made him a very wealthy man and while still working for Cedarwood, he bought other publishing companies, Sawgrass, Sabal and Guava, and in 1983, he bought Cedarwood's catalog for a reported $3 million.  He also bought four radio stations, which he later sold for a very healthy profit.  In 1994, he built a $23 million concert theater in Branson, MO and performed there regularly from 1994 to 2002.  He also bought a 1,400-acre working farm in Ashland City, Tennessee, where he raised cattle, corn and tobacco.  He had six children, including Pam Tillis, a successful country music singer, and songwriter Mel "Sonny" Tillis, Jr.   Songs he wrote that are still heard regularly today include Wings of a Dove, Detroit City, Heart Over Mind, Memory Maker, I Got the Hoss, Smoke That Cigarette, Good Woman Blues, Rainy Day Woman and Send Me Down to Tucson
Mel Tillis - Heart Over Mind (The Marty Stuart Show) - (2:50)
Cause of Death
At age 81, Tillis had heart surgery, which sounds like coronary artery heart bypass surgery in which doctors take a vein from the leg and sew it into the chest to bring extra blood to the heart muscle.  Two years later, at age 83, he was diagnosed with colon cancer.  The same lifestyle factors that increase risk for heart attacks also increase risk for certain cancers, particularly colon cancer:  an unhealthful diet (low in plants and high in sugar-added foods and drinks, red meat, processed meat and fried foods), not exercising, smoking and so forth.  More on colon cancer
Colon cancer causes death only after it spreads to other parts of the body.  It is likely to have spread from his colon to his lungs (Scientific Reports, July 15, 2016), leading to respiratory failure that was listed as his cause of death.
August 8, 1932 – November 19, 2017
Thanks to Mike
I would think that after they find the ARA San Juan they will be able to determine how the accident happened. 
By Bruce Rule
An analytical review of all information released by the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization on the acoustic signal associated with the loss of the Argentina Submarine ARA SAN JUAN confirms the following:
That acoustic signal originated near 46-10S, 59-42W at 1358Z (GMT) on 15 November 2017. It was produced by the collapse (implosion) of the ARA SAN JUAN pressure-hull at a depth of 1275-feet. Sea pressure at the collapse depth was 570 PSI. The frequency of the collapse event signal (bubble-pulse) was about 4.4 Hz.
The energy released by the collapse was equal to the explosion of 12,500 pounds of TNT at the depth of 1275-feet. That energy was produced by the nearly instantaneous conversion of potential energy (sea-pressure) to kinetic energy, the motion of the intruding water-ram which entered the SAN JUAN pressure-hull at a speed of about 1800 mph.
The entire pressure-hull was completely destroyed (fragmented/compacted) in about 40 milliseconds (0.040s or 1/25th of a second), the duration of the compression phase of the collapse event which is half the minimum time required for cognitive recognition of an event.
Although the crew may have known collapse was imminent, they never knew it was occurring. They did not drown or experience pain. Death was instantaneous.
The SAN JUAN wreckage sank vertically at an estimated speed between 10 and 13 knots. Bottom impact would not have produced an acoustic event detectable at long range.
The open question is: why was no corrective action - such as blowing ballast - taken by the SAN JUAN crew before the submarine sank to collapse depth? According to Argentine Navy spokesman Gabriel Galeazzi, the Commanding Officer of the SAN JUAN reported a "failure" in the submarine's "battery system," The time of that report was 0730 on 15 November, assumed to have been GMT. Subsequently, the problem was reported to have been "fixed." The SAN JUAN intended to submerged and continued its transit north. The SAN JUAN pressure-hull collapsed at 1358 GMT on 15 November.
In the case of the loss of the US nuclear submarine SCORPION (SSN 589), hydrogen out-gassed by the main battery exploded at 18:20:44 GMT on 22 May 1968 incapacitating/killing the crew with an atmospheric over-pressure in the battery well estimated to have been 7-10 times the fatal value. The pressure-hull was not breached. This assessment was based on analysis of acoustic detections of the event and damage observed in pieces of the fragmented battery recovered from the wreckage at a depth of 11,100 feet by the US submersible TRIESTE, e.g., microscopic, spectrographic and x-ray diffraction analyses. (There was no flooding of the pressure-hull before the battery exploded.)
SCORPION lost power and sank slowly over nearly 22 minutes to collapse at a depth of 1530-feet at 18:42:34 GMT on 22 May 1968.
There is the possibility that a similar sequence of events occurred aboard the SAN JUAN. If the wreck is located and efforts are made to recover components, emphasis should be placed on the battery system.
The author of this assessment was the lead acoustic analyst at the US Office of Naval Intelligence for 42 years, analyzed acoustic detectors of the loss of the USS THRESHER (SSN 593) on 10 April 1963 and testified before that Court of Inquiry. The author expresses his appreciation to those who supported this assessment with research and calculations
Thanks to Robert
Beautiful English
I called an old school friend and asked what he was doing.
He replied that he was working on "Aqua-thermal treatment of ceramics, aluminum and steel under a constrained environment."
I was impressed.
 Upon further inquiring, I learned that he was washing dishes with hot water ...under his wife's supervision.

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