Wednesday, December 6, 2017

December 6th...This Day in History

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Washington Monument completed 1884

On this day in 1884, in Washington, D.C., workers place a nine-inch aluminum pyramid atop a tower of white marble, completing the construction of an impressive monument to the city’s namesake and the nation’s first president, George Washington. As early as 1783, the infant U.S. Congress decided that a statue of George Washington, the great Revolutionary War general, should be placed near the site of the new Congressional building, wherever it might be. After then-President Washington asked him to lay out a new federal capital on the Potomac River in 1791, architect Pierre L’Enfant left a place for the statue at the western end of the sweeping National Mall (near the monument’s present location).
It wasn’t until 1832, however–33 years after Washington’s death–that anyone really did anything about the monument. That year, a private Washington National Monument Society was formed. After holding a design competition and choosing an elaborate Greek temple-like design by architect Robert Mills, the society began a fundraising drive to raise money for the statue’s construction. These efforts–including appeals to the nation’s schoolchildren–raised some $230,000, far short of the $1 million needed. Construction began anyway, on July 4, 1848, as representatives of the society laid the cornerstone of the monument: a 24,500-pound block of pure white marble.
Six years later, with funds running low, construction was halted. Around the time the Civil War began in 1861, author Mark Twain described the unfinished monument as looking like a “hollow, oversized chimney.” No further progress was made until 1876–the centennial of American independence–when President Ulysses S. Grant authorized construction to be completed.
Made of some 36,000 blocks of marble and granite stacked 555 feet in the air, the monument was the tallest structure in the world at the time of its completion in December 1884. In the six months following the dedication ceremony, over 10,000 people climbed the nearly 900 steps to the top of the Washington Monument. Today, an elevator makes the trip far easier, and more than 800,000 people visit the monument each year. A city law passed in 1910 restricted the height of new buildings to ensure that the monument will remain the tallest structure in Washington, D.C.–a fitting tribute to the man known as the “Father of His Country.”

 (More Events on This Day in History)

  • American Revolution

  • 1777 Whitemarsh skirmishes turn in Americans’ favor
  • Automotive

  • 1976 Deaf stuntwoman Kitty O’Neil sets women’s land-speed record
  • Civil War

  • 1865 13th Amendment ratified
  • Cold War

  • 1987 Protests against Soviet treatment of Jews take place in Washington and Moscow
  • Crime

  • 1868 Train robbers reach the end of the line
  • Disaster

  • 1917 Ships explode in Canadian harbor
  • General Interest

  • 1907 The Monongah coal mine disaster
  • 1917 The Great Halifax Explosion
  • 1921 Irish Free State declared
  • Hollywood

  • 2005 Brokeback Mountain premieres
  • Literary

  • 1933 Ulysses is ruled not obscene
  • Music

  • 1969 The Altamont Festival brings the 1960s to a violent end
  • Old West

  • 1749 French-Canadian explorer La Verendrye dies
  • Presidential

  • 1884 Monument to Washington completed
  • Sports

  • 1992 Jerry Rice scores record-breaking touchdown
  • Vietnam War

  • 1961 Operation Farm Gate combat missions authorized
  • 1972 Fighting continues in South Vietnam while negotiators talk in Paris
  • World War I

  • 1917 Munitions ship explodes in Halifax
  • World War II

  • 1941 Roosevelt to Japanese emperor: “Prevent further death and destruction”

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