Wednesday, November 29, 2017

November 29th...This Day in History

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U.N. votes for partition of Palestine 1947

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Despite strong Arab opposition, the United Nations votes for the partition of Palestine and the creation of an independent Jewish state.
The modern conflict between Jews and Arabs in Palestine dates back to the 1910s, when both groups laid claim to the British-controlled territory. The Jews were Zionists, recent emigrants from Europe and Russia who came to the ancient homeland of the Jews to establish a Jewish national state. The native Palestinian Arabs sought to stem Jewish immigration and set up a secular Palestinian state.
Beginning in 1929, Arabs and Jews openly fought in Palestine, and Britain attempted to limit Jewish immigration as a means of appeasing the Arabs. As a result of the Holocaust in Europe, many Jews illegally entered Palestine during World War II. Radical Jewish groups employed terrorism against British forces in Palestine, which they thought had betrayed the Zionist cause. At the end of World War II, in 1945, the United States took up the Zionist cause. Britain, unable to find a practical solution, referred the problem to the United Nations, which on November 29, 1947, voted to partition Palestine.
The Jews were to possess more than half of Palestine, though they made up less than half of Palestine’s population. The Palestinian Arabs, aided by volunteers from other countries, fought the Zionist forces, but the Jews secured full control of their U.N.-allocated share of Palestine and also some Arab territory. On May 14, 1948, Britain withdrew with the expiration of its mandate, and the State of Israel was proclaimed by Jewish Agency Chairman David Ben-Gurion. The next day, forces from Egypt, Transjordan, Syria, Lebanon, and Iraq invaded.
The Israelis, though less well equipped, managed to fight off the Arabs and then seize key territories, such as Galilee, the Palestinian coast, and a strip of territory connecting the coastal region to the western section of Jerusalem. In 1949, U.N.-brokered cease-fires left the State of Israel in permanent control of those conquered areas. The departure of hundreds of thousands of Palestinian Arabs from Israel during the war left the country with a substantial Jewish majority.

 (More Events on This Day in History)
  • American Revolution

  • 1775 Congress creates Committee of Secret Correspondence
  • Automotive

  • 1996 Last day at VW for Jose Ignacio Lopez
  • Civil War

  • 1864 Sand Creek massacre
  • Cold War

  • 1952 Eisenhower goes to Korea
  • Crime

  • 2011 Dr. Conrad Murray receives four-year sentence in Michael Jackson’s death
  • Disaster

  • 1991 Dust storm causes massive pileup in California
  • General Interest

  • 1929 Byrd flies over South Pole
  • 1950 Chinese overwhelm Allies in North Korea
  • 1963 Johnson establishes Warren Commission
  • Hollywood

  • 1981 Actress Natalie Wood drowns
  • Literary

  • 1943 Sue Miller is born
  • Music

  • 1975 Silver Convention “earn” a #1 pop hit with “Fly, Robin, Fly”
  • Old West

  • 1864 Colorado militia massacre Cheyenne at Sand Creek
  • Presidential

  • 1963 LBJ forms commission to investigate Kennedy assassination
  • Sports

  • 1997 The legendary Eddie Robinson coaches his last game
  • Vietnam War

  • 1967 McNamara resigns as Secretary of Defense
  • 1968 Communists vow to smash Phoenix program
  • 1971 Americal Division stands down and departs
  • World War I

  • 1918 American nurse Maude Fisher writes to mother of war casualty
  • World War II

  • 1942 Coffee rationing begins

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