Saturday, November 4, 2017

Fw: TheList 4580

The List 4580

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To All
I hope that your weekend has started well. The time change is on Sunday which will put a damper on your life for the next couple weeks.

Daylight savings time explanation…one of many


FighterSweep Staff 0 Comments Military Aviation, Navy, Photos, Video

An F/A-18F Super Hornet assigned to the "Fighting Checkmates" of Strike Fighter Squadron (VFA) 211 prepares to launch from the aircraft carrier USS Harry S. Truman (CVN 75).

Harry S. Truman has successfully completed a tailored shipboard test availability and final evaluation problem and is underway preparing for future operations. – US Navy

U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist Seaman Rebekah A. Watkins


2016 Today in History November 4


Umar of Arabia is assassinated at Medina and is succeeded as caliph by Uthman.


Christopher Columbus discovers Guadeloupe during his second expedition.


William III and Mary of England wed on William's birthday.


Following the Russian capture of Berlin, Frederick II of Prussia defeats the Austrians at the Battle of Torgau.


General Arthur St. Clair, governor of Northwest Territory, is badly defeated by a large Indian army near Fort Wayne.


Congress agrees to pay a yearly tribute to Tripoli, considering it the only way to protect U.S. shipping.


Abraham Lincoln marries Mary Todd in Springfield, Ill.


Florence Nightingale and her nurses arrive in the Crimea.


From the main Confederate Army at Chattanooga, Tennessee, Lt. Gen. James Longstreet's troops are sent northeast to besiege Knoxville.


Austria signs an armistice with the Allies.


The U.S. Postmaster General orders all homes to get mailboxes or relinquish delivery of mail.


The entrance to King Tut's tomb is discovered.


Calvin Coolidge is elected 30th president of the United States.


Nellie Tayloe Ross and Miriam Ferguson are elected first and second women governors (Wyoming and Texas).


The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is established.


General Dwight D. Eisenhower is elected 34th president of the United States.


Russian troops attack Budapest, Hungary.


At the American Embassy in Teheran, Iran, 90 people, including 63 Americans, are taken hostage by militant student followers of Ayatollah Khomeini. The students demand the return of Shah Mohammad Reza Pablavi, who is undergoing medical treatment in New York City.


Ronald Reagan is elected the 40th president of the United States.


Carol Moseley Braun becomes the first African American woman to be elected to the U.S. Senate.


Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin is assassinated at a peace rally in Tel Aviv.


Senator Barack Obama of Illinois elected 44th president of the United States, the first African American to hold that position.


Subject: FW: Regular Guy

I used to think I was just a regular guy, but . . .

I was born white, which now, whether I like it or not, makes me a racist;

I am a fiscal and moral conservative, which by today's standards, makes me a fascist;

I am heterosexual, which according to gay folks, now makes me a homophobic;

I am non-union, which makes me a traitor to the working class and an ally of big business;

I am a Christian, which now labels me as an infidel;

I believe in the 2nd Amendment, which now makes me a member of the vast gun lobby;

I am older than 70, which makes me a useless old man;

I think and I reason, therefore I doubt much that the main stream media tells me, which must make me a reactionary;

I am proud of my heritage and our inclusive American culture, which makes me a xenophobe;

I value my safety and that of my family and I appreciate the police and the legal system, which makes me a right-wing extremist;

I believe in hard work, fair play, & fair compensation according to each individual's merits, which today makes me an anti-socialist;

I believe in the defense and protection of the homeland for and by all citizens, which now makes me a militant;

Recently, a woman called me and my friends a "basket of Deplorables;"

Please help me come to terms with the new me...because I'm just not sure who I am anymore!

I would like to thank all my friends for sticking with me through these arbrupt, new found changes in my life and my thinking.

I just can't imagine or understand what's happened to me so quickly.'s all just taken place over the last 7 or 8 years.

As if all this crap wasn't enough to deal with, I'm now afraid to go into either restroom....


The B-26 Marauder

Public imagination is more readily captured by the nimble fighters and the formidable heavy bombers than by the light and medium bombers. Most people are familiar with the B-17 Flying Fortress, the B-24 Liberator and the B-29 Superfortress. Many would have also heard of the B-25 Mitchell from the famed Doolittle Raid, but this time, we'll concentrate on the less appreciated Martin B-26 Marauder.

Martin B-26 Marauder

In 1939, the military issued a call for a high-speed, long-range twin-engine light-to-medium bomber. The contract was awarded to the Glenn L. Martin Company design that became the B-26. Over a 1,100 planes were ordered even before its first flight. Powered by two ferocious 2,000 hp engines, the Marauder had a maximum speed of 286 mph and a combat range of over 1,100 miles, could carry 4,000 lbs of bombs in two bays (though one bay was often reserved for additional fuel tanks to increase range) and was protected by 12 machine guns, two of them housed in first powered dorsal turret to be incorporated into an American bomber.

Close-up of the Marauder's powered turret

Early tests revealed that power came at a high price. The craft had relatively small wings, which enabled high performance but sacrificed lift. This made the Marauder unwieldy at low speeds and caused it to stall at 120 mph. The high stall speed forced landing pilots to approach the runway at a speed of 120-135 mph, much higher than what they were used to in other planes and make a quick, hard landing before the bomber stalled out. To compound the problem, the first training planes lacked the dorsal turret, messing up the weight distribution. These problems, along with an early tendency of the landing gears to collapse, caused a very large number of (sometimes lethal) accidents among inexperienced pilots. Trainee pilots at MacDill Field in Florida had a catchphrase: "One a day in Tampa Bay." Though the phrase was an exaggeration, the base did witness 15 crashes in one particular 30-day period.

A B-26 after an unsuccessful landing on Sardinia

Another perceived fault was the inability to stay airborne with one engine, though this was eventually disproved by several experienced pilots including Jimmy Doolittle. The pitch change mechanism, though, presented a problem even when both engines were running. While the engines themselves were reliable, these mechanisms needed to be kept in pristine condition, an unrealistic demand in wartime. When the device failed, it sometimes caused the propellers to overspeed, creating a scary sound and potentially disintegrating mid-flight. The plane had a bad reputation among pilots, earning such nicknames as the "Widowmaker," "Martin Murderer" and "Flying Prostitute" – the last because it was so fast and its short wings meant it had "no visible means of support."

Front view of a Marauder in flight. Note the bombardier/nose gunner enjoying a cigarette.

In 1943, Glenn Martin was summoned in front of the Truman Committee investigating defense contract abuses. Threatening with a cancellation of the contract did its job and later versions of the bomber had larger wings, better engines and heavier caliber guns. It still enjoyed a dubious reputation among pilots and the public, prompting the USAAF and Martin to commission numerous articles in popular publications to whitewash the plane and defend it against "slander."

A Marauder above Tunisia in 1943. She returned home despite the visible heavy damage to the wing and engine.

The Marauder was first deployed to the Pacific in early 1941, then to other theaters from late 1942 onwards. Both in Italy and Western Europe, they were first used as low-level bombers with heavy losses. One particular force of 11 B-26s, attacking a power station in the Netherlands, was completely wiped out by flak and FW-190s. In both theaters, the Marauders were eventually reorganized for mid-level bombing runs in which they turned out to be accurate and highly effective – though still an experienced pilot's plane.

A Marauder executing an extremely low level bombing run at a flight school in Texas

Though it was tricky to take off or land with, the B-26 developed a reputation for staying aloft despite heavy damage. One particular plane, the aptly named Flak Bait (named after the pilot's dog Flea Bait), flew 202 bombing missions, some on D-Day and in the Battle of Bulge. Over her career, she accumulated over 1,000 holes, returned home twice on one engine and once with a burning one, once without electrical systems and once with her hydraulics knocked out. She's one of the few surviving Marauders out of the total production run of 5,288. A fellow survivor, Dinah Might, is exhibited at the Utah Beach Museum and can be seen up close and personal on our many WWII tours visiting Normandy. 

Dinah Might at Utah Beach in Normandy

The Marauder was quickly retired at the end of the war and its B-26 designation was passed on to the Douglas B-26 Invader, a plane serving in a similar role.

You can learn more about the warbirds that flew in WWII and see Dinah Might in person on any of our Beyond Band of Brothers Tours, Normandy Invasion Tours, WW2 Bucket List on a Budget Tours or Normandy to the Bulge Tours.

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