Thursday, October 26, 2017

Fw: TheList 4572

The List 4572

To All
A bit of history and some tidbits.
This Day In Naval History - October 25
1812 - USS United States (CAPT Stephen Decatur) captures HMS Macedonian.
1924 - Airship, USS Shenandoah (ZR-1), completes round trip transcontinental cruise that began on 7 October.
1944 - During Battle of Leyte Gulf in Battle of Surigao Straits, U.S.
battleships execute the maneuver of "crossing the tee" of the Japanese forces. In Battle Off Samar, escort carriers, destroyers and destroyer escorts heroically resist attacks of Japanese Center Force. In Battle Off Cape Engano, 3rd Fleet carriers attack Japanese Northern Force sinking several small carriers.
1944: U.S. and Australian warships maul the advancing enemy with torpedoes and heavy guns during the Battle of Surigao Strait in the midst of the Battle of Leyte Gulf. The Japanese lose battleships Fuso and Yamashiro, plus three destroyers. The Battle of Surigao Strait marks the end of an era in naval warfare – it was the last engagement of a battle line.
1950 - Chinese Communist Forces launch first offensive in Korea.
1966 - Operation Sea Dragon logistics interdiction began.
1983 - U.S. Marines and U.S. Army troops land on Grenada to evacuate U.S.
citizens threatened by the island's unstable political situation.
·         Today in History October 25
An English army under Henry V defeats the French at Agincourt, France. The French had out numbered Henry's troops 60,000 to 12,000 but British longbows turned the tide of the battle.
George III of England crowned.
During the Crimean War, a brigade of British light infantry is destroyed by Russian artillery as they charge down a narrow corridor in full view of the Russians.
German pilot Rudolf von Eschwege shoots down his first enemy plane, a Nieuport 12 of the Royal Naval Air Service over Bulgaria.
The Teapot Dome scandal comes to public attention as Senator Thomas J. Walsh of Montana, subcommittee chairman, reveals the findings of the past 18 months of investigation. His case will result in the conviction of Harry F. Sinclair of Mammoth Oil, and later Secretary of the Interior Albert B. Fall, the first cabinet member in American history to go to jail. The scandal, named for the Teapot Dome oil reserves in Wyoming, involved Fall secretly leasing naval oil reserve lands to private companies.
German troops capture Kharkov and launch a new drive toward Moscow.
The Japanese are defeated in the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the world's largest sea engagement. From this point on, the depleted Japanese Navy increasingly resorts to the suicidal attacks of Kamikaze fighters.
Chinese Communist Forces launch their first-phase offensive across the Yalu River into North Korea.
In a general election, England's Labour Party loses to Conservatives. Winston Churchill becomes prime minister, and Anthony Eden becomes foreign secretary.
President Eisenhower conducts the first televised Cabinet meeting.
The last U.S. troops leave Beirut.
Martin Luther King, Jr., is sentenced to four months in jail for a sit-in.
Adlai Stevenson shows photos to the UN Security Council that prove Soviet missiles have been installed in Cuba.
In South Africa, civil rights activist Nelson Mandela is sentenced to 5 years in prison.
United Nations expels the Republic of China and seats the People's Republic of China.
1,800 U.S. troops and 300 Caribbean troops land on Grenada. U.S. forces soon turn up evidence of a strong Cuban and Soviet presence--large stores of arms and documents suggesting close links to Cuba.
The last soldiers of the Yugoslav People's Army leaves the Republic of Slovenia.
Terrorist bombings in Baghdad kill over 150 and wound over 700.
Band of Brothers speech before the Battle of Agincourt

Historical context[edit]

On the morning of 25 October 1415 (feast of Saints Crispin and Crispinian), shortly before the Battle of Agincourt, Henry V made a brief speech to the English army under his command, emphasising the justness of his claim to the French throne and harking back to the memory of previous defeats the English kings had inflicted on the French. According to Burgundian sources, he concluded the speech by telling the English longbowmen that the French had boasted that they would cut off two fingers from the right hand of every archer, so they could never draw a string again.[1]
In Shakespeare's account, King Henry begins his speech in response to Westmorland's expressions of dismay at the English army's lack of troop strength. Henry rouses his men by expressing his confidence that they would triumph, and that the "band of brothers" fighting that day would be able to boast each year on St. Crispin's Day of their glorious battle against the French. Shakespeare's inclusion of Westmoreland, however, is fictional as he was not present during Henry's 1415 French campaign.


WESTMORLAND. O that we now had here
But one ten thousand of those men in England
That do no work to-day!

KING. What's he that wishes so?
My cousin, Westmorland? No, my fair cousin;
If we are mark'd to die, we are
To do our country loss; and if to live,
The fewer men, the greater share of honour.
God's will! I pray thee, wish not one man more.
Jove, I am not covetous for gold,
Nor care I who doth feed upon my cost;
It yearns me not if men my garments wear;
Such outward things dwell not in my desires.
But if it be a sin to covet honour,
I am the most offending soul alive.
No, faith, my
coz, wish not a man from England.
God's peace! I would not lose so great an honour
As one man more methinks would share from me
For the best hope I have. O, do not wish one more!
Rather proclaim it, Westmorland, through my host,
That he which hath no stomach to this fight,
Let him depart; his passport shall be made,
And crowns for convoy put into his purse;
We would not die in that man's company
That fears his fellowship to die with us.
This day is call'd the feast of
He that outlives this day, and comes safe home,
Will stand a tip-toe when this day is nam'd,
And rouse him at the name of Crispian.
He that shall see this day, and live old age,
Will yearly on the vigil feast his neighbours,
And say "To-morrow is Saint Crispian."
Then will he strip his sleeve and show his scars,
And say "These wounds I had on Crispin's day."
Old men forget; yet all shall be forgot,
But he'll remember, with advantages,
What feats he did that day. Then shall our names,
Familiar in his mouth as household words—
Harry the King,
Bedford and Exeter,
Warwick and Talbot, Salisbury and Gloucester
Be in their flowing cups freshly rememb'red.
This story shall the good man teach his son;
And Crispin Crispian shall ne'er go by,
From this day to the ending of the world,
But we in it shall be remember├Ęd-
We few, we happy few, we band of brothers;
For he to-day that sheds his blood with me
Shall be my brother; be he ne'er so vile,
This day shall gentle his condition;
And gentlemen in England now a-bed
Shall think themselves accurs'd they were not here,
And hold their manhoods cheap whiles any speaks
That fought with us upon Saint Crispin's day.
From Humphrey's Solo to Thornton's Swim by  W. Thomas Smith Jr.
This Week in American Military History:
Oct. 25, 1812: The frigate USS United States under the command of Capt.
(future commodore) Stephen Decatur – hero of Tripoli and said to be the U.S. Navy's own "Lord Nelson" – captures the Royal Navy frigate HMS Macedonian under the command of Capt. John Carden in a brisk fight several hundred miles off the Azores.
In seven years, Decatur will be mortally wounded in a duel with Commodore James Barron.
USS United States – the first of four so-named American Navy vessels and the first commissioned warship for the new U.S. Navy – will be seized by Confederate forces in 1861 and rechristened CSS United States.
Oct. 26, 1909: U.S. Army Lt. (future brig. gen.) Frederick Erastus Humphreys becomes the first Army aviator to solo in a heavier-than-air craft – the Wright Flyer – following three hours of instruction by Wilbur Wright.
Humphreys will write:
"From a military standpoint, the first and probably the greatest use [of the aircraft] will be found in reconnaissance. …
"The next use will probably be in carrying messages. …
"Another time where advantage might be taken of the speed of these machines is when officers of high rank might desire to give personal supervision at a distant point of the line or to go from one point to another for a council of war. …"
Interestingly, Humphreys adds: "Probably a large amount of damage could be done to the personnel of the enemy when in mass, or in a raid to the storehouses and depot, by projectiles dropped from a flyer. That any could be done to fortifications or ships is doubtful."
Oct. 26, 1922: Lt. Commander Godfrey de Courcelles Chevalier makes the first aircraft-carrier landing on the deck of America's first carrier, USS Langley, the first of two carriers named in honor of aviation scientist Samuel Pierpont Langley.
Readers will recall Eugene B. Ely's first-ever airplane-landing aboard ship on Jan. 18, 1911 (Ely's landing however was on a special platform mounted on a cruiser, not a carrier).
Both Chevalier and Ely will be killed in plane crashes weeks after their historic firsts.
Oct. 26, 1944: The Battle of Leyte Gulf – the last great naval battle of the Pacific during World War II – ends in a lopsided victory for the Americans. An epic three-day, four-part engagement fought in defense of the U.S. effort to retake the Philippines, the battle has all but ended the Japanese Navy's ability to fight as a substantive fleet. It is also history's last sea battle in which battleships engage one another in pitched battle.
All total, 282 U.S. and Japanese warships and 190,000 sailors on both sides have been directly involved in the battle. Four Japanese carriers, three battleships, six cruisers, 14 destroyers, and nearly 10,000 sailors have been sent to the bottom. The U.S. Navy has suffered the loss of three carriers, three destroyers, and one submarine.
Oct. 28, 1962: Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev "blinks," ending the Cuban Missile Crisis.
Oct. 31, 1972: U.S. Navy SEAL Petty Officer (future lieutenant) Michael E.
Thornton; his commanding officer, Lt. Thomas R. Norris; and three South Vietnamese Naval commandos are conducting an intelligence-collection and prisoner-snatch operation deep behind enemy lines when they are discovered by a force that outnumbers them at least 10 to one.
Fierce fighting ensues. Thornton and Norris are both wounded, Norris badly.
As the team begins a fighting withdrawal toward the beach, Thornton learns that Norris is down, perhaps dead.
Thornton races back through a hailstorm of enemy fire to find and retrieve his commander – dead or alive.
Thornton finds Norris, kills two enemy soldiers who are standing over his wounded commander, then hoists Norris onto his shoulders and sprints back toward the beach for several hundred yards under heavy enemy fire.
When he hits the surf, Thornton ties Norris to his own body and starts swimming. When he sees one of the South Vietnamese commandos shot in the hip and unable to swim, Thornton grabs him too; swimming both men out to sea for more than two hours before they are rescued.
For his actions, Thornton will receive the Medal of Honor.
Norris will survive and receive the Medal himself for a previous action.
Thanks to Carl… A real hero's story  More on the one above This week in Military History : U.S. Navy SEAL Petty Officer (future lieutenant) Michael E. Thornton;
The Incredible Rescue of LtCol Gene Hambleton
The Incredible Rescue of LtCol Gene Hambleton
.  Mike A friend of mine who was close to Norris told me about the story of The Incredible Rescue of LtCol Gene Hambleton by Norris who survived and received the Medal himself for this rescue. He also said a book called The Rescue of BAT 21 is out that describes the rescue in detail. Something that could not be done when it happened because it was classified. It was an amazing story of a true hero. This book is a great read if you have not read it yet….skip
Item Number:1 Date: 10/25/2017 CHINA - PRESIDENT UNVEILS NEW POLITBURO, APPARENTLY INTENDS TO RULE BEYOND 2ND TERM (OCT 25/NPR)  NATIONAL PUBLIC RADIO -- President Xi Jinping has unveiled the lineup of China's leadership, the six men of the Communist Party's Politburo Standing Committee, the country's most powerful executive body, according to National Public Radio (U.S.)   Wednesday's actions, beginning Xi's second term, suggest that the president intends to rule for decades, reports the Guardian (U.K.)   Departing from recent tradition, he did not designate a successor. All of the men, between 60 and 67, are considered too old to lead after the end of his second term.   The body, according to the New York Times, includes Xi and the premier of the State Council, Li Keqiang. Others are Wang Yang, a vice premier and former party chief of Guangdong province in southern China; Han Zheng, a former mayor of Shanghai; Li Zhanshu, a longtime aide and ally of Xi; Wang Huning, who has worked with Xi as a speechwriter; and Zhao Leji, who will lead the Communist Party's anti-corruption agency
  Item Number:2 Date: 10/25/2017 CZECH REPUBLIC - POTENTIAL HELICOPTER DEAL MOVES FORWARD; U.S. STATE DEPT. GREENLIGHTS PURCHASE (OCT 25/DSCP)  DEFENSE SECURITY COOPERATION AGENCY -- The U.S. State Dept. has approved the potential sale of 12 UH-1Y Helicopters to the Czech Republic, reports the Defense Security Cooperation Agency.   The potential US$575 million deal, approved Tuesday, also covers 12 7.62-mm M240 machine guns, along with the FLIR System's Brite Star II targeting system.   The DSCA informed Congress that the possible sale would support U.S. foreign policy goals, "helping to improve the security of a NATO partner that is an important force for ensuring peace and stability in Europe."   The new equipment would "interoperability with the United States and other NATO allies," said the agency release on Monday.   The proposed deal would be made through the U.S. Foreign Military Sales program.  
  Item Number:3 Date: 10/25/2017 DEM REP OF CONGO - U.N. MISSION CONDEMNS ARREST OF OPPOSITION ACTIVISTS (OCT 25/MONUSCO)  UNITED NATIONS ORGANIZATION STABILIZATION MISSION IN THE DEMOCRA -- A U.N. peacekeeping mission has urged the government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to release recently arrested opposition activists.   The U.N. Organization Stabilization Mission in D.R.C. (MONUSCO) condemned Sunday's arrests in a release on Oct. 23.   The activists were arrested in Lubumbashi, in the southern Haut-Katanga province. They belong to the Rally of Political and Social Forces for Change in the Democratic Republic of Congo, noted MONUSCO.   The according to the statement, the activists were attending a meeting at the headquarters of the Union for Democracy and Social Progress when police and armed forces forced their way into the building.   The statement did not indicate how many had been arrested.  
 Item Number:4 Date: 10/25/2017 GERMANY - AT LEAST FOR NOW, BUNDESWEHR RESUMES KURDISH TRAINING MISSION IN IRAQ (OCT 25/DEWELLE)  DEUTSCHE WELLE -- The German army is again training Kurdish fighters in northern Iraq after a week-long pause, reports Deutsche Welle.   The long-term future of the mission is in doubt, however, because of the conflict between peshmerga fighters in the autonomous Kurdish region and the government in Baghdad.   The Bundeswehr will continue to ensure that German-supplied arms are only used to fight the Islamic State, a German Defense Ministry spokesman said on Monday.   The Bundeswehr has been training and supplying weapons the peshmerga for three years to support their fight against ISIS.   The training was suspended a week while Iraqi security forces moved to reassert control over the region captured by the Kurds since June 2014. The operation followed a Kurdish referendum for independence in late September.   The army has provided around 32,000 assault rifles and machine guns as well as Milan anti-tank missiles to the Kurds. There are around 150 German trainers in northern Iraq.   Domestic forces have already accused the Kurds of using Milan missiles against Iraqis. The peshmerga deny the charge.   The training mission is currently slated to run until Jan. 31, 2018
Item Number:5 Date: 10/25/2017 GERMANY - POLICE RAIDS UNCOVER WEAPONS CACHE IN BERLIN; MILITANT ARRESTED (OCT 25/AFP)  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- German police say they have arrested an alleged Islamist militant and confiscated a weapons cache in Berlin, reports Agence France-Presse.   Overnight raids at four sites in Berlin allowed authorities to "seize weapons, weapon parts and large quantities of ammunition," according to a joint statement from police and the public prosecutor on Wednesday.   No information was released about the types of weapons found.   The unnamed 40-year-old German citizen came to police attention in the course of another criminal investigation, the statement said.   There was no evidence found that an attack was planned in the near future, said police.  
Item Number:6 Date: 10/25/2017 INDIA - GOVERNMENT TO KEEP EMBASSY IN N. KOREA TO AID COMMUNICATIONS (OCT 25/TI)  TIMES OF INDIA -- The Indian government says its embassy in Pyongyang may serve as a communications channel between North Korea and the United States, reports the Times of India.   On Wednesday, New Delhi told Washington it was going to keep its embassy in Pyongyang open in order to facilitate communication as tensions mount over North Korea's nuclear program, reports Reuters.   The statement came during a meeting between U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and his Indian counterpart, Sushma Swaraj.   During the wide-ranging talks, which touched on anti-terrorism cooperation and other issues, the matter of India's embassy in North Korea came up, with Swaraj playing down relations between those two countries. She added that it would be beneficial for friendly countries to play the role of intermediary.   Trade between India and North Korea, recently banned amid growing pressure, is minimal, she noted.  
 Item Number:7 Date: 10/25/2017 INDONESIA - COUNTERTERRORISM POLICE BUST MILITANT NETWORK; SUSPECTS SAID TO BE PLANNING ATTACKS (OCT 25/REU)  REUTERS -- Indonesian counterterrorism police say they have arrested nine men suspected of being linked to a militant network loyal to the Islamic State and preparing attacks on police, reports Reuters.   Eight men were arrested on Tuesday in Riau province and the ninth in South Sulawesi province, said a police spokesman.   Authorities linked the suspects to Indonesia's Jemaah Asharut Daulah (JAD) network, which is loyal to ISIS.   "They were planning attacks on police stations from the district level all the way to the provincial level," the spokesman said.   The men are suspected of joining a training camp in a neighboring province, where they learned to handle guns and assemble bombs, said police.   Counterterrorism police have been dealing with a resurgence in domestic radicalism within Indonesia inspired by the Islamic State
  Item Number:8 Date: 10/25/2017 INDONESIA - TOP GENERAL NOT ALLOWED ON U.S.-BOUND FLIGHT; WASHINGTON APOLOGIZES, BLAMES ADMINISTRATIVE ERROR (OCT 25/CNN)  CABLE NEWS NETWORK -- U.S. officials have apologized for the recent refusal to allow the chief of Indonesia's military to board a U.S.-bound airplane, reports CNN.   The general was not allowed on the flight from Jakarta because of an administrative error, reported Reuters, citing a statement from the U.S. embassy in Jakarta.   "General Gatot Nurmantyo and his wife were delayed in their ability to board their flight due to an administrative error. The error was quickly corrected. We have taken appropriate measures to prevent this matter from occurring again," the embassy said in a statement released Monday.   Nurmantyo was about to board a flight to on Saturday when he was denied entry, despite a visa and official invitation from the chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff.   The U.S. Dept. of Homeland Security said earlier this week that the embassy in Jakarta had informed Nurmantyo's office that he might be delayed due to unspecified "U.S. security protocols."   The general Nurmantyo was eventually cleared for another flight, but he chose not to travel
  Item Number:9 Date: 10/25/2017 IRAQ - FINAL OFFENSIVE AGAINST ISIS TARGETS BORDER AREA WITH SYRIA (OCT 25/REU)  REUTERS -- The Iraqi military says that it is getting ready for its final offensive in territory held by the Islamic State group, reports Reuters.   The targets are Rawa and al-Qaim on the country's western border with Syria, according to the joint Operations Command in Baghdad. The terrorist group also controls parts on the other side of the border, where they are fighting the U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces.   Leaflets dropped in the area tell those "who took up a weapon against the state to throw it aside immediately, and to go to any house on top of which a white flag have been raised when the liberation forces enter al-Qaim."   The Islamic State has rapidly been losing territory in the town on both sides of the border, according to multiple accounts
Item Number:10 Date: 10/25/2017 IRAQ - KURDISH LEADERS WILLING TO TALK WITH BAGHDAD, OFFER TO SUSPEND INDEPENDENCE REFERENDUM RESULTS (OCT 25/BLOOMBERG)  BLOOMBERG NEWS -- The Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) in northern Iraq has indicated that it is willing to freeze the results of last month's independence referendum, which led to fighting with domestic security forces and hurt oil exports, reports Bloomberg News.   The Kurdish leaders also proposed an immediate cease-fire and talks with the central Iraqi government in Baghdad "on the basis of the constitution."   "As Iraq and Kurdistan are faced with grave and dangerous circumstances, we are all obliged to act responsibly in order to prevent further violence and clashes," said a KRG statement.   More than 90 percent of Iraqi Kurds voted for independence in the non-binding Sept. 25 referendum. The voting was opposed by Baghdad as well as Iran and Turkey.   Earlier this month, Baghdad sent its security forces to retake disputed areas that Kurdish peshmerga fighters captured from ISIS in 2014.   An Iraqi military spokesmen suggested that operations to retake territory still held by the Kurds from their 2014 gains would continue, noted Reuters.   Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi has demanded that the KRG cancel the results of the referendum as a precondition for talks
Item Number:11 Date: 10/25/2017 JAPAN - POWERFUL F-35A STEALTH FIGHTERS, U.S. AIRMEN TO ROTATE TO OKINAWA (OCT 25/USAF)  U.S. AIR FORCE -- The U.S. Air Force has announced that it will send 12 F-35A Lightning IIs and at least 300 airmen to Kadena Air Base, Okinawa, Japan for a six-month rotation in early November.   The deployment comes after the stealth aircraft made its debut at the Seoul International Aerospace and Defense Exhibition earlier this month.   This will mark the jets' first operational deployment. Kadena previously hosted F-35Bs.   The deployment represents "continuing U.S. commitment to stability and security in the region," nopted the service release on Tuesday.   The airmen rotating in will come from 34th Fighter Squadron, at Hill Air Force Base, Utah
Item Number:12 Date: 10/25/2017 LIBYA - ISLAMISTS ATTACK LNA CHECKPOINT, KILL SOLDIER (OCT 25/REU)  REUTERS -- A Libyan soldier has been killed when suspected Islamist militants attacked a military checkpoint in the northeastern part of the country, reports Reuters, citing officials and a witness.   Early Wednesday, about a dozen armed vehicles attacked the checkpoint, which was manned by the Libyan National Army based in eastern Libya. The checkpoint is south of the city of Ajdabiya.   Islamic State militants have conducted several attacks against LNA checkpoints in recent months.   The jihadists have been regrouping in the desert since losing their stronghold in Sirte, about 240 miles (390 km) west of Ajdabiya, in December 2016
Item Number:13 Date: 10/25/2017 MOLDOVA - GOVERNMENT APPOINTS STURZA AS DEFENSE MINISTER; PRESIDENT SUSPENDED FOR NOT NAMING MINISTER (OCT 25/BI)  BALKAN INSIGHT -- The Moldovan government has appointed a new defense minister after a long dispute between the nation's pro-European Cabinet and pro-Russian president, reports the Balkan Insight.   Eugen Sturza was sworn in as defense minister on Tuesday at the presidential palace by Parliament Speaker Andrian Candu. Candu served as interim president while President Igor Dodon was briefly suspended.   Last week, the Moldovan Constitutional Court ruled that Dodon could be temporarily suspended over his failure to fulfil his constitutional duties and for his refusal to appoint Sturza.   The court also ruled that Candu or Prime Minister Pavel Filip could temporarily serve as president to appoint the defense minister.   The defense post has been vacant for 10 months. Dodon fired Anatol Salaru from the post after the president's Liberal party withdrew its political support.   Sturza, 32, an economist, is the vice president of the Democratic Party's new coalition party, the Moldovan European People Party.   Dodon maintains that Sturza does not have the appropriate experience to serve as defense minister.  
  Item Number:14 Date: 10/25/2017 NATO - FACING AGGRESSIVE KREMLIN, ALLIANCE TO DISCUSS FASTER FORCE MOVEMENT (OCT 25/SPG)  SPIEGEL ONLINE -- U.S. Secretary of Defense James Mattis and other European military leaders are considering major changes to the NATO command structure and defense capabilities, reports Stars and Stripes, citing earlier reporting by a German magazine.   Mattis, who is scheduled to visit Brussels next month, reportedly has been reviewing plans to set up two bases on the continent, as well as legislative efforts to ease the transfer of military equipment across European borders.   Germany's Die Spiegel recently referred to an internal NATO report circulating that criticized the alliance's capability to respond to a resurgent Russia. The report was particularly harsh to the alliance's military transport abilities and infrastructure.   While a spokeswoman declined to respond to the German publication's article, she noted that NATO is "focused on military mobility as a priority
Item Number:15 Date: 10/25/2017 SOUTH KOREA - CHINESE, S. KOREAN DEFENSE MINISTERS MEET AT ASEAN EVENT (OCT 25/YON)  YONHAP -- The defense ministers of China and South Korea have held their first bilateral talks in nearly two years, getting together on the sidelines of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) meeting in the Philippines, reports the Yonhap news agency (Seoul).   Relations have been rocky between Seoul and Beijing since South Korea decided to allow the U.S. to deploy Terminal High-Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) air defense systems on its territory.   South Korean Defense Minister Song Young Moo met with his Chinese counterpart Chang Wanquan for about 30 minutes on Tuesday.   Song did not discuss the subject of the talks, as preagreed with China.   The U.S. has installed a THAAD battery in Seongju, North Gyeongsang province, to help defend American and South Korean troops from nuclear threats by North Korea, which is an ally of China
Item Number:16 Date: 10/25/2017 SOUTH KOREA - WITH WARY EYE ON PYONGYANG, AEGIS DESTROYERS FROM JAPAN, S. KOREA, U.S. PRACTICE TRACKING MISSILES (OCT 25/KH)  KOREA HERALD -- Aegis-equipped destroyers from the Japanese, South Korean and U.S. navies are holding a joint missile warning exercise, reports the Korea Herald.   The two-day exercise, which began on Tuesday, is taking place in waters off the coasts of Japan and South Korea.   The trilateral training is focused on the detecting and tracking of an incoming missile by radar in a computer-simulated scenario. The scenario did not include activities to intercept the mock target, said a release from the South Korean Joint Chiefs of Staff.   The drills seek to prepare the allies for potential North Korean missile attacks.   Participating are the Japanese destroyer Kirishima, South Korean destroyer Yulgok Yi and the Arleigh Burke-class destroyers USS Stethem and USS Decatur. All are equipped with the advanced Aegis air and missile defense system
  Item Number:17 Date: 10/25/2017 SYRIA - WITH LOSS OF RAQQA, THOUSANDS OF ISIS JIHADIST HAVE RETURNED TO 33 NATIONS, SAYS NEW REPORT (OCT 25/SOUFGR)  SOUFAN GROUP -- As the Islamic State sees its territory in Syria and Iraq crumble, a new report by a New York-based strategic consultancy group says thousands of terrorist fighters have already returned home.   The report, released Tuesday, was prepared by the Soufan Group.   The flow of foreign fighters to the group's territory in Syria and Iraq slowed after 2015, notes the report. And the disintegration of its self-proclaimed caliphate has forced at least 5,600 fighters to flee to 33 countries across the world.   While noting that returning fighters have yet to contribute significantly to the terrorist threat in their countries of residence, the authors suggest that the motives will survive, presenting a security challenge that states have yet to fully realize.   The countries with the highest number of returned fighters include Tunisia (800), Saudi Arabia (760), Russia (400), France (271) and Jordan (250
Item Number:18 Date: 10/25/2017 UNITED KINGDOM - BRITISH MILITARY SALES TO SAUDIS BOOMING DESPITE CRITICS (OCT 25/INUK)  INDEPENDENT NEWS (UK) -- Sales of British military equipment to Saudi Arabia surpassed 1.1 billion British pounds (US$ 1.46 billion) in the first half of 2017, reports the Independent (U.K.), citing government figures.   Among the items sold are air-to-air missiles, aircraft components, sniper rifles, ballistic shields and body armor.   The statistics, released by the Dept. for International Trade, reveal that trade in military equipment during the second quarter of the year reached 836 million British pounds (US$ 1.1 billion).   In July, a British court ruled that such sales to the Saudis were legal, rejecting claims by rights groups that the Saudis were using the weapons to kill civilians in Yemen's civil war, as reported at the time by the New York Times.   Saudi Arabia's actions, both at home and abroad, have attracted criticism from international actors. At least 10,000 have died in the fighting between the Saudi-led coalition backing ousted President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi and Iranian-supported Houthi rebels loyal to former President Ali Abdullah Saleh
  Item Number:19 Date: 10/25/2017 USA - GAO AUDIT DISCOVERS F-35 MAINTENANCE FACILITIES 6 YEARS BEHIND SCHEDULE (OCT 25/BLOOMBERG)  BLOOMBERG NEWS -- A draft audit by the U.S. Government Accountability Office has concluded that F-35 Lightning II fighters are being hindered because maintenance facilities are years behind schedule, reports Bloomberg News.   The time to repair a part averages 172 days, twice the program goal, degrading readiness because the lack of parts meant aircraft "were unable to fly about 22 percent of the time" from January through August of this year, says the report.   The GAO says plans to accelerate production of the F-35 are expected to further hinder readiness as more aircraft enter the fleet, Bloomberg noted on Oct. 23.   The F-35 program office and Lockheed Martin have identified steps to increase parts availability, but Pentagon documentation indicates "the program's ability to speed up this time line is uncertain," the report says.   The Marine Corps F-35s will not have required maintenance and repair capabilities at sea, likely resulting in degraded readiness, says the GAO. The service plans to deploy the aircraft aboard ships in 2018.   Repair capabilities for many components at six military depots were slated to be in place by last year, but now some won't be ready until 2022, say program officials. They blamed a lack of funding.   Air Force and Navy officials found that the program office did not "clearly identify some depot requirements in a timely manner," according to the report
  Item Number:20 Date: 10/25/2017 USA - THEODORE ROOSEVELT CARRIER STRIKE GROUP ENTERS 7TH FLEET AREA OF OPERATIONS (OCT 25/NAVY)  U.S. NAVY -- The Nimitz-class aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt has entered the 7th Fleet area of operations, according to the U.S. Navy.   The carrier, joined by a strike group bearing its name, will conduct maritime security operations, theater security cooperation, and port visits in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region, said the service in a release on Tuesday.   The Theodore Roosevelt Carrier Strike Group consists of a guided-missile cruiser, three the guided-missile destroyers, and the squadrons of Carrier Air Wing 17.

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