Tuesday, August 29, 2017

TheList 4534

The List 4534   

To All,
I hope your week has started well.
This Day In Naval History - August 29
1861 - U.S. squadron captures forts at Hatteras Inlet, NC
1862 - Union gunboat Pittsburgh support Army troops in landing at Eunice, Arkansas
1915: After pontoons are brought to Hawaii from the west coast, and following extensive additional diving work, the submarine USS F-4 is raised from the bottom and taken into Honolulu Harbor for dry docking. Previously, in March 1915, during a routine dive a few miles off Honolulu, F-4 sinks in 51 fathoms of water, with the loss of her 21 crewmembers.
1916 - Congress passes act for expansion of Navy but most ships not completed until after World War I.
1964 - USS Boxer and 2 LSDs arrive off coast of Hispaniola to give medical aid to Haiti and Dominican Republic which were badly damaged by Hurricane Cleo.
1998 - USS Decatur (DDG 73) is commissioned at Portland, Ore., before arriving at its homeport of Naval Station San Diego. The Arleigh Burke-class guided missile destroyer is the fifth U.S. Navy ship named for Commodore Stephen Decatur.
Today in History August 29
The Temple of Jerusalem burns after a nine-month Roman siege.
Ottoman Suleiman the Magnificent crushes a Hungarian army under Lewis II at the Battle of Mohacs.
In Peru, the Inca chief Atahualpa is executed by orders of Francisco Pizarro, although the chief had already paid his ransom.
General George Washington retreats during the night from Long Island to New York City.
Slavery is abolished in Santo Domingo.
Union General John Pope's army is defeated by a smaller Confederate force at the Second Battle of Bull Run.
Australia defeats England in cricket for the first time. The following day a obituary appears in the Sporting Times addressed to the British team.
The American Red Cross announces that Japan has refused to allow safe conduct for the passage of ships with supplies for American prisoners of war.
U.S. airborne troops are landed in transport planes at Atsugi airfield, southwest of Tokyo, beginning the occupation of Japan.
USSR explodes its first atomic bomb, "First Lightning."
International Olympic Committee votes to allow West Germany and Japan to compete in 1952 games.
In the largest bombing raid of the Korean War, 1,403 planes of the Far East Air Force bomb Pyongyang, North Korea.
US Congress passes Civil Rights Act of 1957 after Strom Thurmond (Sen-D-SC) ends 24-hour filibuster, the longest in Senate history, against the bill.
US U-2 spy plane spots SAM (surface-to-air) missile launch pads in Cuba.
Mickey Mantle ties Babe Ruth's career strikeout record (1,330).
Astronauts L. Gordon Cooper Jr. and Charles "Pete" Conrad Jr complete 120 Earth orbits in Gemini 5, marking the first time the US set an international duration record for a manned space mission.
The Beatles give their last public concert (Candlestick Park, San Francisco).
Democrats nominate Hubert H Humphrey for president at their Chicago convention.
Lou Brock (St Louis Cardinals) breaks Ty Cobb's 49-year-old career stolen bases record at 893.
Morocco's King Hassan II signs unity treaty with Libya's Muammar Gaddafi, strengthening political and economic ties and creating a mutual defense pact.
USSR's parliament suspends Communist Party activities in the wake of a failed coup.
Thousands of Germans demonstrate against a wave of racist attacks aimed at immigrants.
NATO launches Operation Deliberate Force against Bosnian Serb forces.
A terrorist bomb kills Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, the Shia Muslim leader in Iraq, and nearly 100 worshipers as they leave a mosque in Najaf where the ayatollah had called for Iraqi unity.
Rains from Hurricane Katrina cause a levee breech at the Industrial Canal in New Orleans, causing severe flooding.
The Egyptian Army's Operation Eagle results in the deaths of 11 suspected terrorists and the arrest of another 23.
Thanks to Carl
Aspartame: Decades of Science Point to Serious Health Consequences
Thanks to Richard….This is a great read
In Vietnam, These Helicopter Scouts Saw Combat Up Close
Cobras and Loaches, two vastly different aircraft, relied on each other to fight the enemy.
Donald Porter

(REAL people helping fellow Americans—gotta love the indomitable spirit!!)
Cajun Navy arrives in Houston to help rescue flood victims; another wave heads out
Sunday, August 27th 2017, 4:28 pm EDTMonday, August 28th 2017, 11:46 am EDT
One year after the Cajun Navy fleet deployed to pluck stranded families from the flood waters that overwhelmed southeast Louisiana, the volunteer rescuers have mobilized again to help in the Houston area after heavy flooding from Tropical Storm Harvey.
A second wave of volunteers with the group gathered in Baton Rouge on Monday to head to the Houston area to provide additional support.
The group made it into Houston early Monday morning, poised to assist with rescue efforts in a region devastated by flooding due to Harvey.
The Cajun Navy is blasting social media with messages for help as neighbors in Texas face the same devastating flooding.
"We're planning a large push to head in probably in the next day or so when things calm down about. It's just something we have to play by ear a bit and see how the weather cooperates," Jon Bridgers Sr., an organizer in charge of the Cajun Navy 2016 Facebook page, said Sunday.

Thanks to Bud and Dutch R
In the middle of all the angst being reported by our unbiased news media a breath of fresh, and unmistakably good "common" sense.  
                                    This is good and most importantly, accurate.
Thanks to Jerry and Dr. Rich………..What it is like to enjoy flying
Spectacular video ...
Thanks to Mike
A Nun Stops At Hooters...
A nun, badly needing to use to the restroom, walked into a local Hooters. The place was hopping with music and loud conversation and every once in a while 'the lights would turn off.'

Each time the lights would go out, the place would erupt into cheers.

However, when the revelers saw the nun, the room went dead silent. She walked up to the bartender, and asked, 'May I please use the restroom?
The bartender replied, 'OK, but I should warn you that there is a statue of a naked man in there wearing only a fig leaf.'

'Well, in that case, I'll just look the other way,' said the nun. So the bartender showed the nun to the back of the restaurant.

After a few minutes, she came back out, and the whole place  stopped just long enough to give the nun a loud round of applause.

She went to the bartender and said, 'Sir, I don't understand. Why did they applaud for me just because I went to the restroom?'
Well, now they know you're one of us,' said the bartender, 'Would you like a drink?'

'No thank you, but, I still don't understand,' said the puzzled  nun.

'You see,' laughed the bartender, 'every time someone lifts the  fig leaf on that statue, the lights go out.
Now, how about that drink?'
Thanks to Wigs and Micro
While I may have differences occasionally with the University of Texas on the fields of athletic endeavor, this message from their Chancellor McRaven is so well articulated that I'm compelled to forward it for your awareness. This man is a fine leader and his beliefs reflect the best of our country!  And his book "Make Your Bed" is also a great read!

McRaven: Universities are no place for suppressing decency

By William H. McRaven
August 17, 2017
Item Number:1 Date: 08/29/2017 AFGHANISTAN - TALIBAN SUICIDE BOMBER HITS BANK IN KABUL WHILE GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES LINE UP FOR PAY (AUG 29/CBS)  CBS NEWS -- A Taliban suicide bomber has killed at least five people and wounded eight others in a busy commercial area in Kabul, say Afghan officials, as reported by CBS News.   The suicide bomber blew himself up on Tuesday outside the Kabul Bank, near the U.S. Embassy and the capital's diplomatic area, said an Interior Ministry spokesman.   The bank usually pays the salaries of security personnel and government employees. Many were lined there to collect their salaries ahead of the Eid holiday.   The Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack.  
  Item Number:2 Date: 08/29/2017 AUSTRALIA - FOREIGN MINISTER OFFERS SPECIAL OPS TRAINERS TO HELP MANILA FIGHT ISIS (AUG 29/AAP)  AUSTRALIAN ASSOCIATED PRESS -- The Australian government has offered to send special operations personnel to train and advise the Philippine military in its fight against the Islamic State, reports the Australian Associated Press.   Foreign Minister Julie Bishop told reporters in Canberra on Tuesday that she had made the offer to Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte in Manila earlier this month.   "Obviously, we would be ready to support the Philippines in the same way we are supporting Iraq in advising, assisting and training, as the armed forces [in] Philippines are in the process of engaging in a pretty brutal fight with ISIS," said Bishop.   She stressed that the assistance "does not include troops on the ground," as quoted by the Australian Broadcasting Corp.   Australia has already deployed two surveillance planes to help the Philippines in Mindanao, where ISIS-linked militants have taken over parts of Marawi city.  
  Item Number:3 Date: 08/29/2017 BELGIUM - TROOPS GUARDING STREETS TO CHANGE TACTICS TO PROTECT AGAINST MILITANT ATTACKS (AUG 29/REU)  REUTERS -- A Belgian commander says troops patrolling the nation's streets will change tactics to protect themselves against against militant attacks, reports Reuters.   About 1,200 troops are deployed on the streets in the nation's main cities. Security forces have come under attack repeatedly since their deployment after terror attacks in Paris in 2015.   Commanders are reviewing the missions of uniformed officers because they have become a target, said Gen. Marc Thys the commander of land forces, on Monday.   Soldiers will move around more and change routes, minimizing the amount of time they stand still, he said.   The mission has been extended repeatedly. The military is now planning for Operation Vigilant Guardian through 2020, said Thys.  
  Item Number:4 Date: 08/29/2017 COLOMBIA - BOGOTA FILES PROTEST TO VENEZUELA, SAYING TROOPS CROSSED BORDER IN LA GUAJIRA, STOLE FROM LOCALS (AUG 29/REU)  REUTERS -- Colombia's Foreign Ministry has filed a formal protest to Venezuela, saying its security forces entered Colombian territory over the weekend, say government sources cited by Reuters.   Venezuelan troops entered Paraguachon in the Colombian province of La Guajira on Saturday night, stealing money and cellphones from locals, according to the state governor over Twitter.   A protest was sent to Venezuela's embassy in Bogota, said Colombian government sources on Monday.   On Sunday, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro denied that the crossing took place.  
  Item Number:5 Date: 08/29/2017 IRAN - TEHRAN ONCE AGAIN BACKING HAMAS, SAYS NEW LEADER OF GAZA STRIP TERRORISTS (AUG 29/TOI)  TIMES OF ISRAEL -- The new leader of the Hamas terror group says that Iran has restarted its financial and military support, reports the Times of Israel.   Iran halted its support to Hamas after the group refused to support Tehran's close ally, Syrian President Bashar Assad.   On Monday, Yahta Sinwar told reporters that Iran was now the "largest backer financially and militarily" of Hamas' armed wing.   With Iranian support, Hamas is "developing our military strength in order to liberate Palestine," said Sinwar. "The relationship today is developing and returning to what it was in the old days," he added.   The renewed ties were reportedly facilitated by Lebanon-based Hezbollah, also an ally of Iran and the Syrian government.   This was Sinwar's first meeting with journalists since his election in February. The meeting lasted four hours, noted several wire stories
Item Number:6 Date: 08/29/2017 IRAQ - CASUALTIES MOUNT IN SERIES OF BLASTS NEAR BAGHDAD (AUG 29/IQN)  IRAQI NEWS -- Separate bombings near Baghdad have killed and injured at least 20 people, reports Iraqi News, citing security officials.   In one incident, an improvised explosive device exploded Monday in the al-Yusufiya region south of Baghdad, killing four people and injuring eight others, according to a police source cited by Al Sumaria News.   Later in the day, three civilians were killed in the Jamila region, east of Baghdad, when a booby-trapped vehicle exploded, Mohamed al-Rubei'y, the head of the security committee for the Baghdad provincial council, told Russia's Sputnik news agency. Ten others were badly injured, he said.   There were conflicting accounts of the number of casualties.   There were also several explosions in Baghdad on Sunday. Three civilians were killed an injured in an IED blast southwest of Baghdad, said officials.   Two car bombings in the same area killed and wounded eight, security officials said.  
  Item Number:7 Date: 08/29/2017 ISRAEL - DEAL SIGNED FOR 17 MORE F-35S, BRINGING TOTAL TO 50 (AUG 29/TOI)  TIMES OF ISRAEL -- Israel has finalized a deal with Lockheed Martin for 17 more F-35A Lightning II stealthy fighters, reports the Times of Israel.   Thirty-three had already been ordered, noted AFP.   The latest procurement, which will bring the Israeli fleet to 50 jets, was approved by the security Cabinet in November 2016.   The contract was signed on Sunday, according to the Israeli Defense Ministry.   The first 33 F-35s are scheduled to be delivered by 2021. Five have already been delivered. The latest order is expected to be handed over by December 2024, said the ministry.   The air force anticipates declaring operational capability for the fighters by 2018.   The unit cost for the F-35s dropped below US$100 million for the first time, the ministry said, although no other contract details were provided
  Item Number:8 Date: 08/29/2017 ISRAEL - NETANYAHU TELLS U.N. CHIEF OF IRAN'S MISSILE FACTORIES IN SYRIA, LEBANON (AUG 29/BBC)  BRITISH BROADCASTING CORP. -- Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu says that Iran is building sites to produce precision-guided missiles in Syria and Lebanon, reports the BCC.   Netanyahu made his comments Monday during a meeting with U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres in Jerusalem.   Iran is turning Syria into a "base of military entrenchment as part of its declared goal to eradicate Israel," said the prime minister, as quoted by HAaretz (Israel).   No other details were given.   An Israeli satellite company published photographs earlier in mid-August purportedly confirming a report by a Syrian pro-opposition newspaper that a missile factory was under construction in Wadi Jahannam in northwestern Syria.   Israel's Channel 2 showed images of the site near Banizas.   In July, the French Intelligence Online magazine reported of "weapons factories" being built for Hezbollah in Lebanon – near Hermel and on the southern coast, noted the Times of Israel at the time.  
  Item Number:9 Date: 08/29/2017 LITHUANIA - U.S. F-15CS IN THE WINGS FOR NATO AIR-POLICING MISSION (AUG 29/LIMOD)  LITHUANIAN MINISTRY OF DEFENSE -- The U.S. Air Force is about to take the lead for the next NATO Baltic air-policing rotation at Siauliai Air Base in Lithuania, reports the Lithuanian Ministry of Defense.   Poland, the current head of the mission, will transfer command to the U.S. Air Force during a ceremony on Aug. 30.   The U.S. is sending F-15C Eagles and airmen from the 48th Fighter Wing, RAF Lakenheath, U.K.   This will be the fifth time that the U.S. has supported the Baltic air-policing mission, said the ministry
Item Number:10 Date: 08/29/2017 NAMIBIA - 1,200 PERSONNEL FROM 10 AIR FORCES TRAIN IN OSHANA REGION (AUG 29/NAMPA)  NAMIBIA PRESS AGENCY -- Namibia is hosting a Southern African Development Community (SADC) air exercise at Oshakati in the northern Oshana region, reports the Namibia Press Agency.   The Blue Kunene drills began on Aug. 20 and conclude on Sept. 7.   More than 1,200 military personnel from from Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe are participating.   The exercise is focused on improving interoperability and developing rapid deployment capabilities, Namibian Defense Minister Penda Ya Ndakolo said last week.   The training emphasizes humanitarian assistance and disaster-relief missions, noted the South African Government News Agency.  
  Item Number:11 Date: 08/29/2017 NORTH KOREA - ESCALATING TENSIONS, PYONGYANG FIRES MISSILE 1,700 MILES, OVER JAPAN'S HOKKAIDO ISLAND (AUG 29/SCMP)  SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST -- North Korea has test-fired a intermediate-range ballistic missile directly over Japan, says South Korea's military, as reported by the South China Morning Post.   The missile firing on Tuesday triggered a ferocious response from Japan and a warning from China that tensions were not at a "tipping point."   The missile was fired from Sunan, near Pyongyang, and headed eastward, said South Korean's Joint Chiefs of Staff, as cited by the Yonhap news agency.   The missile flew for almost 1,700 miles, going over the northern Japanese island of Hokkaido and landing about 700 miles away in the sea, reported the New York Times.   Japanese Defense Minister Itsunori Onodera said the missile was likely a Hwasong-12, which was last successfully tested in May. The missile can be fired from mobile launchers.   No attempt was made to shoot down the missile. Japan's Patriot surface-to-air missiles could not intercept the rocket. The system has a range of 20 miles and intercepts missiles on their way down, reported the Washington Post. Onodera said there was no intercept order given because it was determined that the missile would not land in Japan.   North Korea earlier this month threatened to fire missiles close to Guam, the location of a U.S. base. This launch allowed North Korea to send a political signal and gain technical data without provoking the U.S., noted experts.   Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe called the test an "unprecedented" threat to his country. South Korean President Moon Jae In denounced it and ordered an air force bombing drill simulating an attack against the North Korean leadership.  
Item Number:12 Date: 08/29/2017 PHILIPPINES - ANTI-TERRORISM COOPERATION, TRAINING ON THE RISE WITH RUSSIA, SAYS AMBASSADOR (AUG 29/INT-AVN)  INTERFAX-MILITARY NEWS AGENCY -- The Philippine ambassador to Moscow says bilateral cooperation has been growing with Russia in the field of anti-terrorism, reports Interfax-AVN (Russia).   Manila and Moscow have been exchanging intelligence information and conducting some training together, he noted.   Philippine troops have been sent to Russia for training, while Russian naval vessels have visited the Philippines, Ambassador Carlos Sorreta told Interfax last week.   Talks are also underway between the Russian border guard and the Philippine coast guard for joint training, he said.  
  Item Number:13 Date: 08/29/2017 RUSSIA - ISIS 'SOLDIERS' STAB POLICE IN DAGESTAN (AUG 29/NEWEEK)  NEWSWEEK -- The Islamic State has claimed responsibility for a knife attack in Russia's Dagestan region, reports Newsweek.   On Monday, two attackers killed one police officer and wounded another in the city of Kaspiysk, reported Tass (Russia). The assailants were shot and killed, said authorities.   ISIS said its "soldiers" were responsible, announcing this on its Amaq news agency, according to the SITE monitoring group.   The attack was the second in Russia claimed by ISIS over the last 10 days. Eight people were injured more than a week ago in the Siberian city of Surgut
  Item Number:14 Date: 08/29/2017 SYRIA - ISIS FIGHTERS FROM BORDER ENCLAVE REACH EXCHANGE POINT IN EASTERN SYRIA (AUG 29/DAILYTEL)  DAILY TELEGRAPH -- Islamic State fighters and their families who were evacuated from an enclave along the Syrian-Lebanese border have arrived at an exchange point in eastern Syria, reports the Daily Telegraph (U.K.).   The Syrian army and its ally Hezbollah agreed to a cease-fire on Sunday with ISIS in the Qalamoun region after a week-long offensive. The Lebanese army launched a separate operation against ISIS from the other side of the border.   The deal included the transfer of the terrorists and their families to Deir Ezzor province, which is mostly under ISIS control.   About 600 ISIS fighters and their families arrived Tuesday at an exchange point under Syrian military escort. They are then to be transferred into ISIS-held territory.   This is the first time in years that Lebanon controls all of its border with Syria, noted Reuters
Item Number:15 Date: 08/29/2017 UKRAINE - POROSHENKO HOSTS BALTIC, MONTENEGRIN DEFENSE MINISTERS, DISCUSSES MILITARY COOPERATION (AUG 29/INT-UKR)  INTERFAX-UKRAINE -- Ukrainian President Petro Poroshneko recently met with the defense ministers from Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Montenegro in Kiev, reports Interfax-Ukraine.   On Aug. 24, the leaders discussed a number of issues related to the development of military-technical relations and strengthening Ukraine's defense capabilities, said the Ukrainian presidential press service.   Poroshenko also expressed gratitude to the defense ministers for their countries' support for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine.   Estonian Defense Minister Juri Luik also met with Estonian special operations forces who are training a Ukrainian special operations regiment, noted a release from the Estonian Ministry of Defense
  Item Number:16 Date: 08/29/2017 UNITED ARAB EMIRATES - TALKS WITH TOKYO CENTER ON POTENTIAL BUY OF C-2 CARGO PLANES (AUG 29/NAR)  NIKKEI ASIAN REVIEW -- Japan is in talks with the United Arab Emirates for the potential sale of its domestically developed C-2 military transport aircraft, reports the Nikkei Asian Review.   The government in Tokyo has already started providing specifications and other data about the aircraft to the U.A.E. in support of the sale, say officials.   However, the two countries will have to conclude a treaty covering the transfer of defense equipment and technology before a sale can be finalized.   The C-2 has a range of about 4,700 miles (7,600 km) and a maximum cargo load of around 20 tons. It is wide enough to accommodate amphibious and armored combat vehicles and can operate from remote islands.   Unit cost is said to be US$173 million.   Japanese law currently prohibits the export of defense equipment and technology to countries engaged in a conflict, which could be a problem since the U.A.E. is involved in the Saudi-led operation in Yemen.   The U.S.-based Quartz website suggests that the Emirates may get a pass because they are not leading that coalition effort
  Item Number:17 Date: 08/29/2017 USA - AIMING AT PILOT SHORTAGES, USAF RAISES FLIGHT PAY (AUG 29/AFT)  AIR FORCE TIMES -- The U.S. Air Force has announced increases in monthly flight pay for officers and enlisted air crew as part of a larger program to retain pilots, reports the Air Force Times.   Beginning Oct. 1, monthly air crew incentive pay will increase from $840 per month to $1,000 per month for officers, Air Force Secretary Heather Wilson said on Aug. 26. Maximum aircrew pay for enlisted personnel will increase from $400 to $600 a month.   This is the first time that the service has increased flight pay since 1999, said Wilson.   The Air Force is also expanding eligibility for its Aviation Bonus Program to include airmen who are not currently under service contracts; those who have never signed up for a retention bonus in the past; and those whose contracts may have expired.   The bonus program offers up to $35,000 per year to entice pilots to remain in the service for up to 13 additional years.   The Air Force is also planning to bring back as many as 25 retired pilots for critical rated staff positions under a Voluntary Rated Return to Active Duty (VRRAD) program. Those pilots would return for 12-month stints in staff positions, Wilson said
Item Number:18 Date: 08/29/2017 USA - ARMY ENGINEERS EMPHASIZE READINESS IN TRAINING FOR HYBRID THREATS IN HAWAII (AUG 29/ANS)  ARMY NEWS SERVICE -- The 84th Engineer Battalion, 130th Engineer Brigade, 8th Theater Sustainment Command, Hawaii, has been conducting a field training exercise focusing on hybrid threats, reports the Army News Service.   The month-long drills began with a night tactical road march to the East Range Training Area at Wheeler Gulch, Hawaii.   The battalion performed a number of training events covering mounted route clearance, engineer bridge reconnaissance, clearing obstacles, constructing survivability positions and base defense, said a service release late last week.   The Army engineers operated day and night while operating against a hybrid opposition force threat. Challenges include simulated chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) warfare; indirect fire; and complex ambushes, noted the release.   Following the training scenarios, the battalion's platoons conducted live-fire training.  
  Item Number:19 Date: 08/29/2017 USA - GOVERNOR ACTIVATES 12,000 FROM ARMY, AIR FORCE NATIONAL GUARD FOR AFTERMATH OF HURRICANE HARVEY (AUG 29/S&S)  STARS AND STRIPES -- More Texas National Guard troops have been deployed for hurricane and flood-relief efforts in Houston, reports the Stars and Stripes.   On Monday, Gov. Greg Abbott activated the entire Texas National Guard, bringing the number personnel deployed after Hurricane Harvey to 12,000. Around 3,000 were already helping with the effort.   By Monday morning, National Guard and Coast Guard rescue teams had responded to more than 3,000 calls and rescued about 1,500 people, said a Coast Guard spokesman.   The Texas Guard has 16 helicopters in the area: 10 UH-60 Black Hawks, four UH-72 Lakotas and two CH-47 Chinooks. Seven fixed-wing Coast Guard and National Guard aircraft are also aiding, said a Pentagon spokesman.   The Guard also brought more than 450 vehicles: 200 Humvees, 218 high-water vehicles, 15 wreckers and 19 fuelers.   The Pentagon's Defense Logistics Agency is providing 11 generators, 50,000 gallons of gasoline and 50,000 gallons of diesel, the DoD spokesman said.  
  Item Number:20 Date: 08/29/2017 USA - NEW HAND GRENADE IN MORE THAN 4 DECADES TO BE SAFER, DEADLIER (AUG 29/ARMY)  ARMY TIMES -- The U.S. Army is working on a new hand grenade that is designed to be safer, more lethal and more flexible, reports the Army Times.   The current M67 grenade has been in service since 1968 and is in need of updating, according to Maj. Jason Bohannon, the head of the lethality branch at Fort Benning's Maneuver Center of Excellence.   Over the last few years, work has focused on creating a new fragmentation grenade that is less sensitive to unplanned explosions and can fragment further in dense vegetation, he said.   There are also plans for a new blast grenade and, eventually, a single grenade capable of switching between blast and fragmentation, said Bohannon.   The new blast grenade, designated the XM111, is expected to be ready for duty in 2020.   The multirole grenade is not expected until the late 2020s or 2030s, he said. Reports in recent months have noted that the multi-purpose grenade will be "ambidextrous," being able to be easily armed and thrown from either hand.

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