Friday, August 4, 2017

TheList 4516

To All,
I hope you all have a great weekend.
This Day In Naval History –August 4
1846 - Sailors and Marines from USS Congress capture Santa Barbara
1853: Commodore Matthew C. Perry lands and holds the first meeting with the Japanese at Uraga, in which he delivers President Millard Fillmores request for a treaty to representatives to the Emperor. Allowing time for reflection and discussion, Commodore Perry returns in March 1854 and finalizes the Treaty of Kanagawa.
1858 - First trans-Atlantic cable completed by USS Niagara and British ship Agamemnon
1898 - During ndothe Spanish-American War, USS Monterey (BM 6) becomes the first monitor to cross the Pacific, reaching Manila Bay, Philippines, from San Francisco, Calif.
1944 - Fifth Fleet carrier task forces begin air attack against Iwo Jima and the Bonin Islands
1947 - Birthdate of the Medical Service Corps
1964 - USS Turner Joy and USS Maddox report being attacked by North Vietnamese PT boats in Gulf of Tonkin
This Day In Naval History - August 5
1832 - Frigate Potomac is first U.S. Navy ship to entertain royalty, King and Queen of Sandwich Islands, Honolulu
1864 - RADM David Farragut wins Battle of Mobile Bay, sealing off last Confederate port on Gulf Coast
1882 - Authorizing of first steel warships, beginning of the modern Navy.
1915 - First air spotting for shore batteries at Fort Monroe, VA
1921 - Yangtze River Patrol Force established as command under Asiatic Fleet.
1942: USS Grunion (SS 216) sinks the Japanese submarine chasers (25 and 26) off Kiska, Aleutian Islands.
1953 - Exchange of prisoners of war of Korean Conflict (Operation Big
Switch) begins
1967 - Operation Coronado III begins in Rung Sat Zone, Vietnam
1990 - Navy and Marine Task Force (USS Saipan, USS Ponce, and USS Sumter) begin evacuation of U.S. citizens and foreign nationals from Liberia during civil war.
This Day In Naval History - August 6
1862 - CSS Arkansas destroyed by her commanding officer to prevent capture by USS Essex.
1943 - Battle of Vella Gulf begins. US destroyers sink 3 of 4 Japanese destroyers.
1945 - Atomic bomb detonated over Hiroshima, Japan. Navy weaponeer, Captain W.S. Parsons, USN, armed the atomic bomb on the B-29 bomber, Enola Gay.
1990 - President George Bush orders Operation Desert Shield, largest overseas deployment since Vietnam, to protect Saudi Arabia after Iraqi's invasion of Kuwait.
1997 - Naval Forces on Guam help rescue and begin providing medical care to survivors of Korean Airlines Flight 801 that crashed on Guam.
Today in History August 4
King Henry III puts down a revolt of English barons lead by Simon de Montfort.
A crusade against the Moors of Morocco is routed at the Battle of Alcazar-el-Kebir. King Sebastian of Portugal and 8,000 of his soldiers are killed.
A friendship treaty is signed between France and Russia.
The Constituent Assembly in France abolishes the privileges of nobility.
The Revenue Cutter service, the parent service of the U.S. Navy and Coast Guard, is organized.
Federal troops fail to capture Fort Gaines on Dauphin Island, one of the Confederate forts defending Mobile Bay.
The first Convention of Colored Newspapermen is held in Cincinnati, Ohio.
A law is passed in Germany making Alsace Lorraine a territory of the empire.
Germany invades Belgium causing Great Britain to declare war on Germany.
The British government charges that Mohandas Gandhi and his All-Indian Congress Party favor "appeasement" with Japan.
RAF pilot T. D. Dean becomes the first pilot to destroy a V-1 buzz bomb when he tips the pilotless craft's wing, sending it off course.
Helicopters from the U.S. Air Force Air Rescue Service land in Germany, completing the first transatlantic flight by helicopter in 51 hours and 55 minutes of flight time.
The bodies of civil rights workers Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman & James E. Chaney, are discovered in an earthen Mississippi dam.
The U.S.S. Maddox and Turner Joy exchange fire with North Vietnamese patrol boats.
The U.S. launches the first satellite into lunar orbit from a manned spacecraft (Apollo 15).
Arthur Bremer is sentenced to 63 years for shooting Alabama governor George Wallace, later reduced to 53 years.
President Jimmy Carter establishes the Department of Energy.
The US Senate votes to give each Japanese-American who was interned during WWII $20,000 compensation and an apology.
NASA launches the Phoenix spacecraft on a mission to Mars.
Thanks to Curt
We are looking for some more U.S. pilots who flew against NVN MiGs in the Vietnam War!
   Four new MiG pilots are now coming, so we have expanded our search list of US pilots who fought these MiG pilots. Please look again at the list.
   In April of 2016 eleven U.S. pilots met in Hanoi with a group of former NVN pilots.  The purpose of the meeting was to have pilots from both sides meet the pilot/pilots they engaged in combat over 44 years ago.  Four of the U.S. pilots were able to meet VN pilots from their engagement (or the family of the pilot from their engagement).
  This September 20-23, 2017, ten Vietnamese pilots (listed below) are traveling to San Diego to meet again with U.S. pilots.  We are attempting to locate and invite the 95 US pilots who had air engagements with these ten MiG pilots. We have found 56 of these pilots. We need your help to find contact information for the remaining 41 pilots – please check the following list.
Need contact info for these pilots:
USN: Kenneth Adams, Robbie Anderson, Steven Barkley, Edward Barrett, Jerome Beaulier, Leonard Eastman, Michael Ethel, Randy Foltz, Gerry Hill, Allen Junker, Joseph Kain,  Ron Pearson, Paul Swigart.
USMC: Sam Cordova
USAF: Wilfred Abbott, Lynn Aikman, Ralph Beardsley, Eldon Binkley, Brooks (F-4D 523 TFS), Cecil Brunson, James Brunson, Willian Diehl, A. G. Eggert, Richard Fulton, Robert Greenwood, Greg Hanson, G.W. Hawks, Jerry Heeren, Robert Holtz, Johnson (F-4D), John Lucas, Douglas Malloy, R.C. Miller, Ralph Picket, Brian Ratzlaff, Garry Retterbush, Fred Tracy, J.P. White, James William, William Wood, W.R. Whyatt.
    If you are on this list, or feel you should be, or have contact information for any of these pilots, please contact Curt Dose at or (858) 663-7271. Forward this email to all the U.S. Vietnam pilots and groups that you know. Please put forwarding email addresses in the "bcc" line so as not to generate spam for receivers.
   We are also seeking U.S. pilots who had other MiG engagements, all pilots who flew combat in Vietnam, and anyone else who wants to attend. Everyone is welcome. The USS Midway Museum is hosting a flight deck reception and panel discussion between some of the VN and U.S. pilots on September 21st. If you are interested in attending this or other events where the VN pilots will be present please contact Charlie Tutt at or (404) 405-0084 for details on the events. 
   Once we know you are interested, we'll put you on an event email list, and notify you with the group-rate hotel, the events schedule, details and updates. There will be opportunities to meet and speak, through translators, with the MiG pilots, and with your fellow U.S. pilots.
Come Witness Former U.S. and North Vietnam Aviators Reconcile
in an Emotional Night of Discussion, Memories and Friendship
Visiting Vietnamese MiG Pilots:1. Lt. Gen. Nguyen Duc Soat              MiG-21
2. Sen. Col Nguyen Van Bay               MiG-17                       
3. Sen.Col. Lữ Thông                         MiG-21
4. Sen.Col. Lương Thế Phúc              MiG-21
5. Sen. Col. Le Thanh Dao                   MiG-21
6. Lt.Gen. Phạm Phú Thái                  MiG-21
7. Col. Nguyen Sy Hung                       MiG-21
8. Sen. Col. Nguyen Thanh Quy          MiG-21
9. Sen. Col. Ha Quang Hung                MiG-21
10. Lt.Col. Phùng Văn Quảng            MiG-19
Thanks, Curt "Dozo" Dose' - MiG-21 kill 5/10/72
(858) 663-7271
Thanks to Lee. A very interesting bit of history on the B-29
From an email by Mr. Cameron to a WWII veteran (my Dad):
I read with interest your presentation of wartime orders in connection with the incendiary bombing of Japan There are many details of the R-3350 engines used on the B-29s that were for years obscured by understandable "we won the war" desire to tell a can-do story - "Great Engines, Great Planes" was one title I remember. The facts are much more interesting.
The sodium-filled or internally cooled exhaust valve was an innovation of Sam Heron, the air cooling specialist who worked at the US Army Air Corps air development center near Dayton, Ohio, in the 1920s. It had been in general use for quite a while at the time the Wright R-3350 development began in 1936.
The R-3350 was actually not a great advance in engine design or performance, but was a bold attempt to package two rows of 9 cylinders very compactly. Based upon the company's previous success in rapidly developing the R-1820 (used on the B-17) single-row 9-cylinder, the Duplex Cyclone should have been a piece of cake. In fact, it was plagued from the start with overheating, reduction gear failure, chronic oil leakage, accessory drive failure, cylinder scoring, and exhaust valve failure.
The response of the Wright company to this 'sea of troubles' was to do as little as possible. A couple of studies of the company have concluded that its management and board were mainly finance-oriented, and begrudged every cent spent on development. This was in fact the reason why Frederick Rentschler, the Wright president, quit in 1924, then later formed Pratt & Whitney, taking with him a distinguished engineering group.
As foreign orders poured in after 1936, US aviation companies expanded rapidly. Wright insisted upon owning all their expansion plants, and upon staffing them with their own engineers. As a result of several such doublings of size, Wright engineering was reduced to what I like to call 'a homeopathic dose'.
Just two examples. First, it took Wright seven years to make the 3350's propeller reduction gear (sun gear, 20 planet pinions, and a surrounding 'bell gear') reliable. The mistakes they made reveal that the people responsible for this development did not understand power gearing. This, given the company's great success with the 1820, seems surprising, but it must be remembered that Wright did not even do their own prototype work, but farmed it out.
The second big problem was cylinder overheating. At least five different designs of cylinder and head cooling air baffles were serially employed, at least as many different designs of the cylinder/head assembly as well. They just could not get this right. When the aircraft were raggedly deployed to CBI in the spring of 1944, there were failed or crashed aircraft all across Africa and southern Asia. All aircraft were grounded while retrofit teams were sent out with yet another design of baffle, plus rocker box interconnects of a type that had long been used on other makes of engine, plus changes in cowl flaps. Meanwhile, in desperation at the years of delay and frankly, lame excuses, General Arnold ordered the NACA to sort out the engine's problems in its new refrigerated altitude wind tunnel at Cleveland. A program that ran from May to September redesigned the cooling air baffle system yet again (see this system on the -57 fuel injection engines that came late in the war) and tried to mitigate the worst of the engine's fuel maldistribution problems with a redesigned pair of carburetor spray bars.
Literally hundreds of aircrew died as B-29s crashed on take-off, following loss of one or more engines. Fuel maldistribution had been bad in 1937, when prototype engines had sneezed their induction pipes right off, but it was still there in 1944, creating on some engines a lean condition that caused cylinders to backfire. The backfiring started induction fires which then burned through either the aluminum induction pipes or the magnesium supercharger diffuser. Pilots have said 'Curtiss-Wright killed more B-29 aircrew than the Js ever did'.
When this occurred during take-off, power was lost on the affected engine and the heavily loaded A/C too often rolled into the failure, stalled that wing, and crashed. Occasionally an especially adroit or lucky pilot would be able to get the gear up, fight off the stall, salvo the bombs, and gain enough altitude to return and land. One of the first to achieve this was an ex-commercial pilot with 7000 flight hours
Or, during cruise, cylinder heat warpage would destroy the cooling effect of valve seating. leading to a stuck or broken-off exhaust valve. Top cylinders in the rear row were especially prone to this. With the valve missing or stuck open, during the intake strokes fresh mixture would blaze through the cylinder ("torching") and eventually burn through the exhaust pipe, causing an engine fire. If the two fire bottles didn't do the job, the crew had about 60 seconds to get out before the fire buckled the main spar.
Although later engines carried improvements such as better cooling baffles, fuel injection, or improved carb spray bars, there were still plenty of engines that failed. One crew chief who served on the Marianas said he never saw an engine go more than 100 hours. The story that engines were averaging 800 hours at the end of the war was a whitewash by the company's very capable sales engineer, Robert Johnson (Johnson was also an amateur poet - I had the pleasure of spending 2 1/2 days with his files - lots of great hand-written notes from wartime meetings).
One additional reason for the decision to abandon high level "precision attack" in favor of low level (5000-8000') area incendiary attack was that the aircraft in Hansell's command overheated seriously above 20,000 feet and so had to be operated "auto-rich". Even so, his aircraft availability was very low. Operation at low level enabled the engines to survive missions with minimum self-destruction, making aircraft availability rise remarkably.
Men simply had to steel themselves against the too-frequent sight of a B-29 burning at the end of the runway. That was why Paul Tibbets insisted that the 509th Group's strike aircraft have the latest fuel injection engines (much better margin against backfiring) and the new reversible Curtiss Electric props.
The aircraft didn't improve much even after the war - the same kinds of failures continued, as documented in Robert A. Mann's book "The B-29 Superfortress".
The postwar R-3350 was an entirely different engine with the same name. It had a 4-piece crankcase instead of 3-piece, a longer crank, a completely redesigned connecting rod system, direct piston cooling via oil jets, a new supercharger elbow and diffuser, and cylinder heads machined from solid forgings instead of cast. Cooling fin pitch went from the wartime ,220" down to .132" and total cooling area nearly doubled. A simplified and highly effective cooling baffle system was provided, evidently to at least some extent resulting from the company's wartime examination of the BMW 801 engine's baffles.
Where are they now? Curtiss-Wright today is a modest manufacturer of aerospace subsystems. The wartime experience, coupled with a similar performance in the company's efforts to develop the J-65 jet engine, made the armed services less and less willing to take a chance. Even with their many improvements, their later piston engines were none-too-reliable parts-eaters in both civil and military service. The company's once-immense engine business was frittered away to nothing.
Incidentally, in many places you will read that the 3350 had a magnesium crankcase. In fact both the wartime 3-piece case and the later case were of forged steel. It was the supercharger diffuser that was magnesium - as it was on nearly all other large radials of the time.
Follow-up email from Mr. Cameron to my Dad:
I spent the latter 1960s and the 1970s as a builder/tuner in motorbike road racing, but I've always had a from-a-distance interest in aviation. At one point I became friends with Graham White, author of "Allied Aircraft Piston Engines of WW II", and one day he phoned to tell me that the New England Air Museum was divesting itself of some of its "outdoor collection" of engines. The two of us waved $1200 at the museum, for which we got three R-4360s that had been outdoors for 20 years. Two of them are here in my shop. Later I became interested in the problems of the 3350, and that interest took off when Kim McCutcheon invited me to spend some time with him and his laptop and scanner in Teterboro, NJ, going through 8 four-drawer file cabinets full of Wright Aero historical stuff. Thanks to him I now have records of 3350 dyno tests that go 'way back, plus stuff from the National Archives - the 3350 Case History, plus lots more. I have learned so much about the problems of engine development - things that happened to 3350s dovetail nicely with my own racing experience with detonation, scoring, piston ring sticking, and all the rest of it. It makes it all terribly real to me.
I now write regularly for their 6-times-a-year magazine "Torque Meter", which deals with historic aircraft engines and technologies.
It does seem that governments are too often so interested in the Big Picture or in making things look a certain way that they forget how paramount details are. It was wise of you never to volunteer to fly in a B-29!
One man who was a ground crewman in CBI said, describing their problems with cracking and leaking R-3350 exhaust manifolding, and with lack of spare parts, that "That summer we lived by torch and rod". I wish I knew what was in the update kits that were sent out when Arnold grounded the B-29s after so many were disabled in trying to fly across N. Africa in the spring of 1944. Were they Wright people? Were they serving Army people? Or did all that have to wait until Vic Agather's group made it over there? Wright did send a man to CBI and I have his reports here. Yet they have some of the flavor of what went on in WW I, when the British and French so tightly controlled news from the western front that they began to believe their own rosy version and to act upon it. The Wright CBI report acts as if many or most engines were running 175-300 hours, whereas other sources say that teams were constantly busy changing the top three to five cylinders in the second row, at 25 hours.
What is clear is that very high CHTs were causing creep in the metal surrounding the exhaust valve seats of the cylinders in the second row. Soon the valve and seat no longer made more than point contact, causing the valve to run much too hot. This led to changes in the metallurgy in the valve stems, leading in turn to reduced strength and early failure. Or, alternatively, the valve stuck open, since all its heat was now being carried down the stem by the sodium filling, coking the lube oil there (if there was any - this was another problem) into solid form.
Writers speak of the B-29's problems being "well in hand" by spring, 1945, but in the Korean War, in which only later-model aircraft were used (no 42-6000-series at all!) crewmen speak of regularly seeing aircraft burning at the far end of the Kadena or Yokota runways, like it was a fact of life. This was the same as was described in CBI and on the Marianas. I have collected dates and accounts of many of these accidents, which usually arose from loss of one or more engines during or shortly after the take-off run. Postwar writers repeat the old claim that "poorly trained aircrew lacked the sophistication to operate such advanced equipment", or some such rubbish.
The fact is that if you had a couple of "bad ones" on your aircraft - engines whose problems stacked up to result in CHTs that soared unless they were run rich all the time with a bunch of cowl flap opening - it didn't matter how clever or experienced your flight engineer was - your were headed for low fuel, could not keep formation (formation flying was dropped mainly for this reason) and would be especially vulnerable to fighters. Everyone in those aircraft knew that the longer an engine ran hot, the more likely it was to catch fire. Talk about courage.
Yet the great majority of aircraft were able to get into the air, and some flew 40 or 50 missions and were rotated back to the US as "war-weary". Most of those then went to the drop-knife and portable smelters at Pyote. The stats say 414 B-29s were lost, only 147 of which were to enemy action. The rest went to weather, failed fuel transfer systems, icing, and the various forms of mechanical failure. Quite often that was either power loss on take-off or in-flight fire.
The Boeing B - 29's history leaves much to be desired. Those who flew in it soon realized that the aircraft itself created the greatest threat to their lives.  Of  the  total aircraft losses, over 30% were caused by operational engine fires and 6% were combat related.  Of all U.S. WWII aircraft,  the B-29 was the plane crew members were most desirous to get out of.  I flew in the B-29 only when ordered to do so.  I never volunteered to fly in a B-29, even when it meant getting home 24-48hrs after the war. .....instead I waited on Tinian Island 2 weeks for a troop transport, and then spent another 2 weeks steaming to California.
Thanks to Richard
Subject: A Great Sea Story
Ingenuity at its best under pressure! 
Sometimes in life, the guy with the so-crazy-it-just-might-work idea hits one out of the park and saves the day. This is what happened in 1942 aboard the HNLMS Abraham Crijnssen, the last Dutch warship standing after the Battle of the Java Sea.

Originally planning to escape to Australia with three other warships, the then-stranded minesweeper had to make the voyage alone and unprotected. The slow-moving vessel could only get up to about 15 knots and had very few guns, boasting only a single 3-inch gun and two Oerlikon 20 mm canons making it a sitting duck for the Japanese bombers that circled above.

Knowing their only chance of survival was to make it to the Allies Down Under, the Crijnssen's 45 crew members frantically brainstormed ways to make the retreat undetected. The winning idea? Turn the ship into an island.

You can almost hear crazy-idea guy anticipating his shipmates' reluctance: Now guys, just hear me out.  But lucky for him, the Abraham Crijnessen was strapped for time, resources and alternative means of escape, automatically making the island idea the best idea. Now it was time to put the plan into action.
The crew went ashore to nearby islands and cut down as many trees as they could lug back onto the deck. Then the timber was arranged to look like a jungle canopy, covering as much square footage as possible. Any leftover parts of the ship were painted to look like rocks and cliff faces. These guys weren't messing around...they were trying to save their butts.

Now, a camouflaged ship that is in deep trouble is better than a completely exposed ship. But there was still the problem of the Japanese noticing a mysterious moving island and wondering what would happen if they shot at it. Because of this, the crew figured the best means of convincing the Axis powers that they were an island was to truly be an island: by not moving at all during daylight hours.

While the sun was up they would anchor the ship near other islands, then cover as much ocean as they could once night fell praying the Japanese wouldn't notice a disappearing and reappearing island amongst the nearly 18,000 existing islands in Indonesia.  And, as luck would have it, they didn't.

The Crijnssen managed to go undetected by Japanese planes and avoid the destroyer that sank the other Dutch warships, surviving the eight-day journey to Australia and reuniting with Allied forces.

As we said, sometimes in life, the guy with the so-crazy-it-just-might-work idea hits one out of the park and saves the day. That is what happened in 1942 aboard the HNLMS Abraham Crijnssen. Ingenuity was the mother of invention.
Thanks to Fred
After 35 years of marriage, a husband and wife came for counseling. When
asked what the problem was, the wife went into a tirade listing every
problem they had ever had in the years they had been married.

On and on and on: neglect, lack of intimacy, emptiness, loneliness, feeling
unloved and unlovable, an entire laundry list of unmet needs she had

Finally, after allowing this for a sufficient length of time, the therapist
got up, walked around the desk and after asking the wife to stand, he
embraced and kissed her long and passionately as her husband watched - with
a raised eyebrow. The woman shut up and quietly sat down in a daze.

The therapist turned to the husband and said, "This is what your wife needs
at least 3 times a week. Can you do this?"

"Well, I can drop her off here on Mondays and Wednesdays, ...............
Item Number:1 Date: 08/04/2017 AFGHANISTAN - SECURITY FORCES BEAT BACK MULTIPLE TALIBAN ATTACKS IN HELMAND (AUG 04/TN)  TOLONEWS -- Afghan security forces say they have repelled Taliban attacks in the southern Helmand province, say provincial officials cited by Tolo News (Afghanistan).   One attack took place on Thursday in the Yakhchal area of Gereshk district. Taliban fighters, armed with Humvees and car bombs, sought to destroy a bridge linked to the TAPI natural gas pipeline, said a statement from the provincial governor's office   The insurgents also struck a money exchange market in the district early Friday, said the statement. That attack was reportedly repulsed by government commandos.   Another Taliban attack involved a Humvee loaded with explosives in the Adam Khan area of the district. It was destroyed by air and ground force before reaching its target, the statement said.   More than 40 Taliban fighters were killed in the fighting, according to the statement. Authorities said at least five security personnel were killed in a car bomb blast on Thursday evening.   Back To Top | Back To Headlines  Item Number:2 Date: 08/04/2017 AFGHANISTAN - TALIBAN SUICIDE BOMB KILLS GEORGIAN SOLDIER ON NATO PATROL (AUG 04/ALJAZ)  AL JAZEERA -- The Taliban has claimed responsibility for a suicide blast against a NATO patrol in Kabul province, reports Al Jazeera (Qatar).   The patrol was working with the Afghan National Army in Qarabagh district on Thursday evening when a suicide bomber blew himself up, said NATO's Resolute Support Mission.   The bomber wore female clothes, according to one Afghan official. The attack took place about 30 miles north of the capital city Kabul, near Bagram Airbase, noted the BBC.   One NATO soldier from the republic of Georgia was killed. Five soldiers and an interpreter were wounded, reported the BBC.   The wounded were being treated at a U.S. military hospital at Bagram and were listed in stable condition, reported the Stars and Stripes.   Georgia is not a member of NATO, but the nation has deployed 870 personnel to Resolute Support as a NATO partner.   Back To Top | Back To Headlines  Item Number:3 Date: 08/04/2017 AUSTRALIA - NAVY FRIGATE INTERCEPTS YACHT LOADED WITH COCAINE BOUND TO AUSTRALIA (AUG 04/HERSUN)  HERALD SUN -- The French navy recently made a massive drug bust in the Pacific Ocean not far from Australia, say Australian officials cited by the Herald Sun (Melbourne, Australia).   The French frigate Vendemiaire intercepted a yacht bound for Australia on July 27 off the coast of New Caledonia, a French territory, in the South Pacific, reported the Australian Associated Press on Thursday.   That was reported earlier by Les Caledoniennnes, without many details.   Authorities said they found 1.46 metric tons of cocaine stashed in the hull. The drugs have an estimated street value of US$256 million).   Four crewmembers, believed to be Lithuanian and Latvian nationals, were arrested, said officials. The vessel was towed to Noumea in New Caledonia.   The Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission (ACIC) reported that it worked closely with French authorities to foil the smuggling plot, which was believed to be organized by South American crime syndicate.   Paid subscribers to Military Periscope can find more information on the Vendemiaire at:   Back To Top | Back To Headlines  Item Number:4 Date: 08/04/2017 AUSTRALIA - POLICE DESCRIBE ASPECTS OF FAILED TERROR PLOTS: TAKE DOWN PLANE, UNLEASH POISON GAS (AUG 04/NYT)  NEW YORK TIMES -- Australian police have described what they called a "sophisticated" terror plan to take down an airliner last month, reports the New York Times.   A senior Islamic State commander masterminded the plots that were thwarted late last month, according to police on Friday cited by Agence France-Presse.   Four people were arrested on July 29 in four suburbs of Sydney. Two men were charged were terror offenses and a third is still being questioned. One was released without charge, said officials.   The plot was directed by a senior ISIS member, said Australian Federal Police Deputy Commissioner National Security Michael Phelan. The ISIS commander sent parts, including weapons-grade explosives, by air cargo from Turkey and directed the men on how to build a bomb, he said.   The idea was to make an improvised explosive device and place it on an Etihad Airways flight on July 15. The bomb was fully functioning, but "at no stage did the IED breach airline security," said Phelan. It was unclear why that attack did not go ahead, reported CNN.   A second terror plot involved an "improvised chemical dispersion device" to release deadly hydrogen sulfide "in "closed spaces, potentially public transport," he said. That device was not completed.   The twin plots were called by police the "most sophisticated" ever attempted in Australia
Item Number:5 Date: 08/04/2017 CANADA - DEFENSE DEPT. WORKING ON TECHNOLOGIES TO MONITOR ARCTIC WATERS (AUG 04/CBC)  CANADIAN BROADCASTING CORPORATION -- The Canadian Dept. of National Defense is developing a new system to keep track of activity in Canada's Arctic waters, reports CBC News.   The Canadian Arctic Underwater Sentinel Experiment (CAUSE), which is overseen by Defense Research and Development Canada (DRDC), involves developing and testing new technologies at a remote military station in Gascoyne Inlet in Nunavut.   The program, with Can$16 million (US$12.8 million) in funding, aims to develop underwater microphones that can be left on the Arctic seabed for years at a time, along with the necessary long-lasting power supply; autonomous underwater vehicles that can tow sensors; and artificial intelligence software that can analyze sound as it is received, rather than requiring constant human analysis.   The new system will also keep an eye on growing numbers of civilian ships that use the Northwest Passage, officials said.  
  Item Number:6 Date: 08/04/2017 CHINA - BEIJING EXPRESSES WILLINGNESS TO WORK WITH ASEAN ON S. CHINA SEA ISSUES (AUG 04/XIN)  XINHUA -- The Chinese Foreign Ministry says it will cooperate with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) on resolving issues in the South China Sea, reports Xinhua, China's state news agency.   Responding to a question on Thursday, a spokesman for the ministry said China would work the ASEAN members to uphold stability in the region; consult on a code of conduct and maritime cooperation; and guide East Asian regional cooperation.   Foreign Minister Wang Yi is scheduled to attend a series of meetings in the Philippines from Aug. 6 to Aug. 8, including the foreign ministers from ASEAN, Japan, South Korea as well as the East Asia Summit and ASEAN Regional Forum.   A new code of conduct framework demonstrates the aspirations of China and ASEAN to secure peace and stability in the South China Sea and create a cooperative atmosphere, the spokesman said.   Reuters reported on Thursday, having seen a draft of the agenda and a code of maritime conduct, that references to China's controversial activities in the region have been omitted or watered down
  Item Number:7 Date: 08/04/2017 EGYPT - POLICEMAN, CIVILIAN KILLED IN ATTACK NEAR LUXOR (AUG 04/MENA)  MIDDLE EAST NEWS AGENCY -- Egyptian officials say a gun attack near Luxor has killed two people and wounded three others, reports the Middle East News Agency (Egypt).   The attack took place in the Esna area late on Thursday.   A police patrol had stopped a vehicle when two gunmen inside opened fire. A policeman and a civilian were killed, the Interior Ministry said, as reported by Reuters.   One attacker was arrested while the other fled. Weapons and explosives were found, said the ministry
  Item Number:8 Date: 08/04/2017 ETHIOPIA - LAWMAKERS LIFT EMERGENCY STATE (AUG 04/VOA)  VOICE OF AMERICA NEWS -- Ethiopia's Parliament just lifted the state of emergency that was imposed last fall to quell anti-government protests in which hundreds were killed, reports the Voice of America News.   The emergency state was enacted in October 2016 after a development plan in the capital Addis Ababa led to violent protests.   Lawmakers voted to end the state of emergency on Friday after a report from Defense Minister Siraj Fegessa.   At least 600 people were killed in the year of protests and more than 21,000 were arrested. About 8,000 are still being held, said the defense minister.  
  Item Number:9 Date: 08/04/2017 GERMANY - LOCKHEED TO MODERNIZE 8 GERMAN P-3C MARITIME PATROL AIRCRAFT (AUG 04/DOD)  DEPT. OF DEFENSE -- Lockheed Martin Global, Owego, N.Y., has received a U.S. Navy contract modification to upgrade German maritime patrol aircraft, reports the Dept. of Defense.   The US$158.5 million modification covers the Phase 2 mission system refresh for eight German P-3C Orion aircraft.   That work includes upgrading mission computers, acoustic equipment, armament/ordnance systems and displays and controls, said a Pentagon release on Wednesday.   The project will also provide for new mission and acoustic system avionics, including German-specific components, to meet current and future NATO operational requirements.   Work under the contract, which falls under the U.S. Foreign Military Sales program, will primarily take place in Manching, Germany, and is scheduled to be completed in May 2022
  Item Number:10 Date: 08/04/2017 INDONESIA - NAVY ACCEPTS NAGAPASA ATTACK SUB IN S. KOREA (AUG 04/YON)  YONHAP -- Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering in South Korea has delivered the first of three diesel-powered submarines ordered by the Indonesian navy, reports the Yonhap news agency (Seoul).   The submarine is the first to be exported by a South Korean company.   The boat, based on the South Korean Jang Bogo design, was handed over on Wednesday at Daewoo's Okpo shipyard.   The boat, designated Nagapasa, is the first attack submarine commissioned by Indonesia in more than 30 years, noted the Diplomat (Tokyo). The boat will be homeported at the Palu Naval Base in Central Sulawesi.   Indonesia ordered three submarines under a US$1.1 billion contract in 2011.   The second sub is scheduled to be completed within a year, while the third will be assembled in Indonesia in 2018, according to shipyard officials
Item Number:11 Date: 08/04/2017 INDONESIA - TOP NEW ZEALAND OFFICIAL, VISITING IN JAKARTA, VOWS MORE COUNTERTERRORISM COOPERATION (AUG 04/ANTARANA)  ANTARA NEWS AGENCY -- The governments of Indonesia and New Zealand have promised to step up bilateral efforts to fight terrorism, reports Antara News, Indonesia's national news agency.   "We have agreed to give information and convey the ways to prevent and tackle terrorism respectively," Commissioner Gen. Suhardi Alius, the head of the Indonesian National Agency for Combating Terrorism (BNPT) said in Jakarta on Wednesday.   He met with Michael Pannet, assistant commissioner of New Zealand international and national security, and other embassy officials to exchange their experiences on countering terrorism, according to a statement from the BNPT.   The talks focused on how to deal with foreign terrorist fighters, which are seen as a growing threat in Southeast Asia, said the agency
Item Number:12 Date: 08/04/2017 KENYA - AL-SHABAAB TERRORISTS BLAMED IN DEADLY ATTACKS ON LOCAL OFFICIALS IN SOUTH (AUG 04/NATION)  THE NATION -- Local authorities in southern Kenya say two Tana River County officials have been killed a terror attack, reports the Nation (Nairobi).   The attack on Wednesday appears to be the work of Somalia-based Al-Shabaab militants.   A public works officer and electrical engineer were burned badly in Nyongoro, on the border of the Tana River and Lamu counties. A third man was also killed, officials said.   Four people were injured in the attack.   Survivors said that the terrorists attacked a number of vehicles that were traveling through the area
  Item Number:13 Date: 08/04/2017 NIGERIA - REPORT FROM U.S. STATE DEPT. FAULTS SECURITY AGENCIES IN EFFORTS AGAINST BOKO HARAM (AUG 04/PREM)  PREMIUM TIMES -- An official report from the U.S. State Dept. says that animosity among Nigerian security agencies and an unwillingness to share intelligence have been hurting efforts to fight the Boko Haram terrorist group, according to the Premium Times (Abuja).   The State Dept. assessment came its in Country Report on Terrorism 2016, which was recently published by the Bureau for Counterterrorism and Countering Violent Extremism.   State cited, for example, the State Security Services (SSS). While it is supposed to investigate terrorism, the service has failed to share information with the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), making it hard to investigate terrorist financing, says the report.   The military is primarily responsible for operations against Boko Haram in northeastern Nigeria. Several other government agencies also perform counterterrorism functions, including the Dept. of State Security, Nigerian police force and the Justice Ministry.   "Counterterrorism activities of these agencies and ministry were ostensibly coordinated by the Office of the National Security Advisor (ONSA). The level of interagency cooperation and information sharing was limited and at times hindered overall effectiveness," the report says.   The study also charges that the EFCC and Justice Ministry have been slow to prosecute terrorist financers. Bureaucratic processes are blamed for delays.   The State Dept. document also alleges that military gains against Boko Haram have slowed recently and that the armed forces have struggled to exert control over recaptured territories
  Item Number:14 Date: 08/04/2017 SOMALIA - AFTER TROOPS, PEACEKEEPERS PULL OUT, AL-SHABAAB SEIZES SOUTHERN TOWN (AUG 04/REU)  REUTERS -- Local Somalis say Al-Shabaab militants have taken over their southern town after the withdrawal by African Union peacekeepers and Somali government troops, reports Reuters.   Early Friday, AMISON and Somali forces pulled out of Leego, about 80 miles northwest of Mogadishu, said one resident.   Al-Shabaab fighters then entered. A spokesman for Al-Shabaab confirmed to the wire service that it now controlled Leego.   It was not immediately clear why the military and AMISOM
Item Number:15 Date: 08/04/2017 SYRIA - VIOLATIONS NOTED NEAR NEW HOMS CEASE-FIRE ZONE, SAY MONITORS (AUG 04/VOA)  VOICE OF AMERICA NEWS -- There have been clashes near the site of the cease-fire zone in Homs province, says a monitoring group cited by the Voice of America News.   The Kremlin announced on Thursday that a truce would begin between government forces and rebels in the area north of Homs city at noon. The cease-fire is part of a plan to establish "de-escalation zones" in Syria.   No truce violations were seen throughout Thursday and fruit and vegetable markets reopened, said the U.K.-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.   However, rocket and gunfire were heard overnight when government forces and rebels began targeting each other's territory, said the observatory. There have been no reports of casualties so far, reported Reuters.   Another safe zone in Eastern Ghouta, close to the capital Damascus, was also hit by around 70 rockets over the past 24 hours, the monitoring group said.  
  Item Number:16 Date: 08/04/2017 USA - FOLLOWING MASSIVE 79-HOUR SEARCH, NAVY HALTS SEARCH FOR MISSING SAILOR (AUG 04/S&S)  STARS AND STRIPES -- The U.S. Navy on Friday suspended its search for a missing sailor who was believed lost overboard in the South China Sea, reports the Stars and Stripes.   The sailor was reported missing Tuesday from the guided-missile destroyer Stethem 140 miles west of Subic Bay in the Philippines, said the Navy. He is a male lieutenant, according to one wire service. The Navy is withholding the name until a next-of-kin notification.   The 79-hour search covered 10,000 square nautical miles, said the statement. The effort was called off Friday afternoon, said the service.   The search-and-rescue effort involved the Stethem, USNS Amelia Earhart, USNS Vice Admiral K.R. Wheeler and a P-3 aircraft. Japan contributed the helicopter Izumo and the destroyer Sazanami. Two Chinese Navy frigates that were shadowing the Stethem also joined the search Wednesday
Item Number:17 Date: 08/04/2017 USA - REPAIRS COMPLETED FOR 5 C-5MS; REST OF STRATEGIC FLEET TO BE UPDATED (AUG 04/AIRMOBCOMM)  AIR MOBILITY COMMAND -- The U.S. Air Mobility Command has announced the return of five C-5M Super Galaxy strategic airlifters to service following nose landing gear repairs.   The aircraft at Dover Air Force Base, Del., were removed from flying status on July 17 after a pair of nose landing gear malfunctions within a 60-day period, said an AMC release on Wednesday, the day the aircraft returned to service.   Maintainers at the base replaced ball screw drive assembly parts on the five aircraft that have returned to service, said officials. Work is also underway to replace those parts on aircraft at Travis Air Force Base, Calif., to ensure the whole C-5 fleet meets performance and safety standards, said the command
Item Number:18 Date: 08/04/2017 USA - S-97 PROTOTYPE MAKES HARD LANDING IN FLA.; PILOTS UNINJURED (AUG 04/FG)  FLIGHTGLOBAL -- A Sikorsky S-97 Raider high-speed helicopter prototype has made a hard landing during testing at the company's facility in West Palm Beach, Fla., reports Flight Global, citing company officials.   The helicopter was in a hover when it went down on Wednesday, the company said.   Local news images appeared to show the aircraft sitting on a runway with its landing gear retracted.   The two crewmembers aboard the S-97 were unharmed, said Sikorsky.   The Raider features coaxial, rigid rotors and a variable-pitch pusher propeller. The design is intended to achieve speeds of more than 220 knots in level flight.   The aircraft involved was the second S-97 prototype built by Sikorsky, noted Defense News.   The incident is under investigation, noted local television media
Item Number:19 Date: 08/04/2017 USA - WASHINGTON STATE HOSTS MAJOR AIR WAR EXERCISE (AUG 04/AFT)  AIR FORCE TIMES -- Military personnel from more than 20 countries are working together in the U.S. Air Mobility Command's first-ever Mobility Guardian readiness exercise, reports the Air Force Times.   The main location for the July 31-Aug. 12 exercise is Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Wash. Other locations in Washington act as hubs: McAllister Field, Yakima Training Center and the Moses Lake Area. Fairchild AFB, Wash., also has a major role.   The drills are intended to bring more airmen into training that tests all of the command's capabilities.   Participating countries include Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, France, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Korea and the U.K. Observers were sent from Argentina, Austria, Bangladesh, Gabon, Germany, Japan, Kazakhstan, Philippines, Senegal, Spain, Sweden, Thailand and the United Arab Emirates, said the AMC.   The British and French each deployed new A400M cargo aircraft to the exercise. The British Royal Air Force also sent an aeromedical team.   Colombia focused on developing its airdrop capabilities with its C-295, while Australia deployed C-17 strategic airlifters, officials said.   
Item Number:20 Date: 08/04/2017 YEMEN - LOCAL TROOPS, SUPPORTED BY U.S. SPECIAL OPERATIONS, RAID AQAP HIDEOUTS IN SHABWA PROVINCE (AUG 04/WAM)  EMIRATES NEWS AGENCY -- Yemeni troops, backed by the United Arab Emirates and the United States, have raided Al-Qaida hideouts in Shabwa province, reports Emirati state news agency WAM.   On Thursday, Yemeni troops and elite forces from Hadramout province targeted elements of Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) in Yemen's southern Shabwa province, according to the report.   The U.A.E. and the U.S. are providing unspecified support, said Yousef al Otaiba, the U.A.E. ambassador to the U.S.   A senior defense official cited by Fox News said U.S. special operations forces were supporting a multi-day "clearing operation" against AQAP.

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