Thursday, July 6, 2017

Fw: TheList 4494

The List 4494

To All,
I hope that your week has been going well. Tomorrow is a bubba Breakfast Friday in San Diego
This Day In Naval History - July 6
1747 - Birth of John Paul Jones at Arbigland, Scotland.
1898 - Armed Auxiliary Dixie captures Spanish Three Bells, Pilgrim, and Greeman Castle
1908 - CDR Robert Peary sails in Roosevelt from New York to explore Arctic.
1911 - First naval aviation base established at Annapolis, MD.
1920 - Test and first use of radio compass in aircraft off Norfolk, VA
1943 - Following the Allied landing on New Georgia, the Japanese attempt to land reinforcements with 10 destroyers, resulting in the Battle of Kula Gulf. In the battle, USS Helena (CL 50) is hit by three torpedoes, breaks apart, and sinks, with nearly 170 of her crew lost.
1976 - 1st women enter Naval Academy.
Today in History
July 6
Jan Hus, a Czech who spoke out against Church corruption, is burned at the stake as a heretic.
Charles of Spain is elected Holy Roman emperor in Barcelona.
Sir Thomas More is beheaded in England for refusing to swear allegiance to King Henry VIII as head of the Church.
Jacques Cartier returns to France after discovering the St. Lawrence River in Canada.
James II defeats James, the Duke of Monmouth, at the Battle of Sedgemoor, the last major battle to be fought on English soil.
The entire Ottoman fleet is destroyed by the Russians at the Battle of Chesma.
10,000 troops are called out in Paris as unrest mounts in the poorer districts over poverty and lack of food.
French General Thomas Bugeaud defeats Abd al-Kader's forces beside the Sikkak River in Algeria.
John Marshall, the third chief justice of the Supreme Court, dies at the age of 79. Two days later, while tolling in his honor in Philadelphia, the Liberty Bell cracks.
The Republican Party is officially organized in Jackson, Michigan.
Louis Pasteur gives the first successful anti-rabies inoculation.
Lieutenant Jackie Robinson of the U.S. Army, while riding a civilian bus from Camp Hoo, Texas, refuses to give up his seat to a white man.
B-29 Superfortress bombers attack Honshu, Japan, using new fire-bombing techniques.
Operation Overcast begins in Europe–moving Austrian and German scientists and their equipment to the United States.
President Ronald Reagan agrees to contribute U.S. troops to the peacekeeping unit in Beirut.
Thanks to Glen
Stumbled upon Bridges of Toko Ri footage
aircraft footage:   (12 min)
Thanks to Bill
Have fun with this reaction test to stopping a car. They will predict your age based on how quickly you stop.
Bet you try it more than once! Have fun.
This simulates you in the driver's seat of a car. You're driving down a road when you see a big red hand flash in front of you. You have to put on the brakes. Then the test tells you how old you are when it comes to driving.
The test is based on reaction times of 2,000 people ages 18 and over. The test plotted their reaction times by age; it matches your reaction time to those averages.
Some of their results may surprise you. The Test found that left-handed people and men have slightly better reaction times than the average person.
Thanks to Carl
Yellowstone reaches 878 earthquakes in just two weeks as scientists wonder when the volcano will blow –
(Check out the sources for many more scary facts and projections!  If it blows, BOAKYAGB—it is much worse than described below.)
Yellowstone reaches 878 earthquakes in just two weeks as scientists wonder when the volcano will blow
Tuesday, July 04, 2017 by: Isabelle Z.
(Natural News) You don't have to be a geologist to understand that an earthquake in the vicinity of a volcano could be a disaster waiting to happen, but what if there were nearly 900 quakes near a supervolcano?
That is the situation that is playing out right now in Yellowstone National Park, where 878 earthquakes have struck since June 12. Most of the quakes had a very low magnitude, but the strongest one, which was recorded on June 15, had a magnitude of 4.4. The park rests atop one of the most dangerous supervolcanoes on the planet, prompting fears that it could be about to blow. Any doubts about its active state can be dispelled by the sight of Old Faithful, shooting water up every few hours.
While earthquake swarms are not unusual in Yellowstone, the week of June 12 saw the highest number of quakes to be noted in a single week in five years. Although the risk of eruption remains low overall and the volcano alert level has not been raised from green, it is believed that if it does erupt, it could be 1,000 times as powerful as the one at Mount St. Helens in 1980.
This particular volcano has been dormant for more than 70,000 years, but that does not mean it won't erupt again eventually. It's impossible to predict when that might occur, but seismic activity can signal a potential eruption. Four years ago, researchers discovered that the underground magma chamber of the volcano was more than twice as big as previously believed, encompassing an area of land that measures 56 by 19 miles.
Huge ash cloud could devastate Western U.S.
Should the volcano erupt, the resultant ash, smoke and lava would most likely cause widespread devastation in this country and also have an effect on the rest of the world. It is believed that an eruption there would see molten lava hotter than 1,000 degrees, but the biggest concern is the ash. Scientists believe it could emit ash that extends over 500 miles, stretching from California all the way to Texas and Louisiana. It would likely leave as many as four inches of gray ash on the ground, destroying Midwestern crops.
It could also spew out gases like sulfur dioxide, creating acid rain and leading to global cooling by reflecting the sun from the Earth. While it might not wipe out human life entirely, it would certainly create a lot of damage across the western side of our nation.
Another concern in that part of the country is a gigantic well of molten carbon that was discovered under the park earlier this year. Spanning 700,000 square miles, this section of upper mantle is about the size of Mexico and creates specific seismic patterns as solid carbonates melt. If a significant amount of the gases in this deposit are suddenly released into our atmosphere, it could spur an environmental disaster akin to nuclear warfare.
As for the Yellowstone supervolcano, it has only had three major eruptions in the last 2 million years. Geologists say that other signs would also likely occur if the volcano was on the verge of blowing, such as big changes in the surface deformation, gas output, and the hydrothermal system.
Even though this latest round of earthquakes will likely – and hopefully – amount to nothing just like similar earthquake swarms in the past, the news serves as a reminder that it never hurts to prepare for events like this one. Waiting for more signs of impending doom, whether it's a volcano or another type of threat, will place you in competition with other people for scarce resources, so the time to start stocking up and making a plan is now.
Thanks toCarl
A place where women curl up and dye.
The only animal you eat before they are born and after they are dead. 
A body that keeps minutes and wastes hours.
Mud with the juice squeezed out.
Someone who is usually me-deep in conversation.
Cold Storage. 
Cutting money in half without damaging the paper.

An insect that makes you like flies better.
A grape with a sunburn. 
A story you tell to one person at a time.
A bunch of bones with the person scraped off.
The pain that drives you to extraction.
One of the greatest labor saving devices of today.
An honest opinion openly expressed. 
Something other people have....similar to my character lines. 
I very quietly confided to my friend that I was having an Affair.
She turned to me and asked, "Are you having it catered?"
. . . and that, my friend, is the definition of 'OLD'!!!
Item Number:1 Date: 07/06/2017 AFGHANISTAN - TALIBAN ATTACK KILLS U.S. ARMY SOLDIER, WOUNDS 2 IN HELMAND PROVINCE (JUL 06/S&S)  STARS AND STRIPES -- A U.S. soldier was killed and two others were wounded in southern Afghanistan earlier this week, the U.S. military said on Wednesday, as reported by the Stars and Stripes.   Pfc. Hansen Kirkpatrick of Wasilla, Alaska, died of wounds received July 3 from indirect fire while conducting operations against the Taliban alongside Afghan security forces in Helmand province's Nawa district, said the Pentagon.   The U.S. Army troop was assigned to the 1st Brigade Combat Team of the 1st Armored Division at Fort Bliss, Texas.   Two soldiers were wounded in the attack. Their injuries were not believed to be life-threatening, said a Pentagon spokesman. The incident is under investigation, he said.   The Taliban fired mortars or rockets into a building used by the soldiers during the mission according to a U.S. military spokesman in Kabul.  
  Item Number:2 Date: 07/06/2017 BELGIUM - COUNTERTERRORISM FORCES FIND WEAPONS, ARREST 'KAMIKAZE' BIKERS IN BRUSSELS (JUL 06/BBC)  BRITISH BROADCASTING CORP. -- Authorities are searching for members of a terror cell after finding an arms cache in the capital of Belgium, reports the BBC.   Police arrested four people in an overnight raid in Brussels. Those arrested are linked to a bikers' club named the Kamikaze Riders, said federal prosecutors on Wednesday, as reported by AFP.   At least two were charged with belonging to a terrorist group, noted Reuters. A fifth man was arrested in northern France, across the border, for suspected links to the group.   At least two AK-47 assault rifles, ammunition and police uniforms were found during the raids.   "We're still searching for various terror suspects after last night's raids," said one prosecutor.   Flemish broadcaster VRT said those arrested had plans for an attack, though no target had reportedly been chosen.  
 Item Number:3 Date: 07/06/2017 CHAD - STORM LEAVES AIR FORCE FLEET IN TATTERS (JUL 06/DEFWEB)  DEFENCE WEB -- Much of the fleet of the Chadian air force was badly damaged or destroyed in a powerful storm over the weekend, say officials cited by DefenceWeb (South Africa).   The storm hit the Chadian capital of N'Djamena on July 1 with torrential rain and strong winds, destroying hangars and buildings at the airport, along with aircraft.   At least three AS 350/AS 550C Fennec helicopters were seriously damaged, with tail booms ripped off and rotor blades destroyed, according to photos published by the Tchad Actuel website.   The air force's single PC-12 light transport appears to have suffered moderate damage, along with at least two Su-25 strike aircraft.   A MiG-29 might also have been lightly damaged. Photos showed the aircraft covered in debris.   Only the presidential Boeing 737, an An-26 and a French air force C-135FR tanker were undamaged in the storm, according to Tchad Actuel. Two French CN-235 cargo aircraft may have suffered minor damage
Item Number:4 Date: 07/06/2017 CHINA - NAVAL ENGINEER TOUTS NEW SUBMARINE PROPULSION, SAYING IT MAY SOON BE QUIETER THAN U.S. SYSTEMS (JUL 06/SCMP)  SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST -- A top Chinese naval engineer says a new propulsion system being developed could make his service's subs quieter than those in the United States, reports the South China Morning Post.   The integrated electrical propulsion system (IEPS), which turns all of the output from a ship's engine into electricity, and a rim-driven pump jet has already been fitted to the Chinese navy's newest nuclear-powered submarines, said Rear Adm. Ma Weiming in a recent interview with China Central Television.   "This is one of our work team's first world-leading projects, which has been used on [China's] next-generation nuclear submarines," Ma said in May. "[Our technology] is now way ahead of the United States, which has also been developing similar technology," he said, as quoted in the Morning Post on July 4.   A rim-driven pump jet has a ring-shaped electrical motor inside the shroud, which turns the vane rotor inside the pump jet cavity to create thrust, according to experts. The design reduces noise by removing the shaft and creating fewer water bubbles.   One goal of the new Chinese propulsion system is to solve the problem of fielding high-energy radio-frequency (HERF) weapons on ships, said Ma. HERF is a kind of directed-energy weapon that can damage a target quickly and accurately, the admiral said
Item Number:5 Date: 07/06/2017 COLOMBIA - ROGUE FARC REBELS RELEASE U.N. CONTRACTOR AFTER 2 MONTHS IN CAPTIVITY (JUL 06/UPI)  UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL -- Government officials in Colombia say dissident FARC guerrillas have released a U.N. contractor who had been held hostage for two months, reports UPI.   Colombian national Harley Lopez was abducted by the rogue FARC rebels on May 3 in the southeastern province of Guaviare while working on a U.N. project to replace illegal coca plants with legal crops.   On Wednesday, officials said that Lopez had been released unharmed and was being sent to Bogota for evaluation.   Lopez contacted his family and superiors at the U.N. to tell them he had been released, said Colombia's Defense Ministry, as cited by AFP.   The FARC formally completed a U.N.-monitored disarmament on June 27 as part of a peace deal with the government. About 300 holdout rebels who rejected the peace deal are believed to be active in Guaviare, say observers
Item Number:6 Date: 07/06/2017 ISRAEL - MODI BECOMES 1ST INDIAN PM TO VISIT; ISRAELI, INDIAN LEADERS PLEDGE COUNTERTERROR COOPERATION (JUL 06/PTI)  PRESS TRUST OF INDIA -- The prime ministers of India and Israel have agreed to step up bilateral cooperation against terrorism during talks in Jerusalem, reports the Press Trust of India.   Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu welcomed Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi for wide-ranging talks in Jerusalem.   Netanyahu accompanied Modi for much of his July 4-6 visit -- the first state visit by an Indian leader in the 25 years since diplomatic ties were restored, noted the Independent (U.K.). India is Israel's largest arms market.   In a joint statement, the leaders emphasized the threat terrorism poses to global peace and reaffirmed their commitment to combat it.   Strong measures should be taken against terrorists, terror organizations, their networks and all those who encourage, support and finance terrorism, or provide sanctuary to terrorists and terror groups, the statement said.   The ministers also committed to work together for the early adoption of the Comprehensive Convention on International terrorism (CCIT).  
  Item Number:7 Date: 07/06/2017 KENYA - AL-SHABAAB FIGHTERS ATTACK LAMU POLICE POST, KILLING 3 (JUL 06/DNATION)  DAILY NATION -- Kenyan security forces say they are hunting for Al-Shabaab fighters after the terrorists raided a police station on Wednesday, reports the Daily Nation (Kenya).   The attackers struck at dawn near the coastal county of Lamu in the Boni forest, along the border with Somalia, reported the BBC. Witnesses said more than 200 fighters took part.   Three officers were killed, one was wounded and one was reported missing, according to the Star (Kenya).   The assailants subsequently stole a police vehicle and destroyed a nearby communication mast, reported the Standard (Kenya).   Al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for the attack.   A Kenyan police spokesman said an unknown number of terrorists were killed when authorities counterattacked
Item Number:8 Date: 07/06/2017 LIBYA - HAFTAR SAYS HIS FORCES HAVE LIBERATED BENGHAZI FROM ISLAMISTS AFTER 3 YEARS (JUL 06/ENEWS)  EURONEWS -- The head of the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) has declared Benghazi "liberated" of Islamist militants, reports Euronews.   Khalifa Haftar, who heads the LNA and was both a supporter and opponent of former dictator Muammar Qaddafi, made his announcement on Wednesday. Haftar said that his forces had fully taken control of Benghazi from rival groups after a three-year campaign, reported Al Jazeera.   The LNA launched Operation Dignity in the city in May 2014.   The announcement came after heavy fighting in Benghazi's Sabri district.   Haftar does not recognize the U.N.-backed Government of National Accord (GNA) in Tripoli and backs a rival Parliament based in Tobruk. He has been backed by Egypt and the United Arab Emirates and grown closer with Russia, noted Reuters.  
  Item Number:9 Date: 07/06/2017 LITHUANIA - DEFENSE MINISTRY PLANS TO AUGMENT LITHUANIAN CONTINGENT IN AFGHANISTAN (JUL 06/BALTIMES)  BALTIC TIMES -- The Lithuanian Defense Ministry plans to increase its small contingent assigned to the NATO mission in Afghanistan, reports the Baltic Times.   Twenty-one Lithuanians now serve in Afghanistan. Another seven troops, from the Deployable Communications and Information Systems Module, will join them in the fall, the Defense Ministry told the Baltic News Service earlier this month.   The ministry is considering additional increases to the contingent, which is assigned to NATO's Resolute Support mission.   "The security situation in Afghanistan is not improving and, therefore, Lithuania, as a NATO member state, is currently assessing possibilities to send more troops," said a ministry statement.  
  Item Number:10 Date: 07/06/2017 PHILIPPINES - SECURITY FORCES NAB TOP FINANCIER OF MAUTE GROUP IN RAID (JUL 06/PHILSTAR)  PHILIPPINE STAR -- Philippine security forces say they have arrested the main financier of the Islamists who have taken over Marawi City on Mindanao Island, reports the Philippine Star.   Fighting between the government and members of the Maute group began in Marawi in May when security forces attempted to arrest Abu Sayyaf leader Insilon Hapilon. More than 400 people have since been killed.   Three suspects were arrested Wednesday in Cagayan de Oro, close to Marawi, said the army, as reported by Reuters. Ammunition and bomb-making materials were found.   Monaliza Romato, also known as Monay, was among those arrested. She is a niece of the matriarch of the Maute clan, noted the army.   An army spokesman said Monay has replaced her aunt as the main financier and logistic supporter of the militant group. "The arrest will adversely affect the logistics support network of the group," he said.  
  Item Number:11 Date: 07/06/2017 RUSSIA - TU-95 BOMBERS HIT ISIS TARGETS WITH STRATEGIC CRUISE MISSILES (JUL 06/TASS)  TASS -- Russian air force long-range bombers have attacked several Islamic State facilities in Syria, reports the Tass news agency (Moscow).   On Wednesday, the Tu-95MS bombers took off from the Engels airfield in Russia and launched advanced Kh-101 cruise missiles against ISIS infrastructure in the Hama and Homs provinces, the Russian Defense Ministry said.   Three large weapons and ammunition depots were destroyed along with a command post near the city of Akerbat, said the Kremlin.   The missiles were launched at a range of about 600 miles (1,000 km) from their targets, said the ministry
  Item Number:12 Date: 07/06/2017 SOMALIA - U.S. AIRSTRIKES TARGET AL-SHABAAB MILITANTS TWICE IN 3 DAYS (JUL 06/S&S)  STARS AND STRIPES -- U.S. forces made a "self-defense" airstrike on Tuesday against Al-Shabaab militants in Somalia, says U.S. Africa Command, as reported by the Stars and Stripes.   The airstrike took place about 300 miles southwest of the capital Mogadishu, said an AFRICOM statement.   The latest operation differed from the offensive strikes on June 11 and July 2 under new authority from President Trump. "This strike was conducted within the parameters of our authority to engage in collective self-defense of our Somali partners," the statement said.   The command said it was still assessing the results of the attack. "Specific details about the units involved and assets used will not be released in order to ensure operational security," the AFRICOM statement said.   Somali officials cited by the Voice of America News said that the attack occurred near Kismayo, killing 13 militants and wounding 10 others
Item Number:13 Date: 07/06/2017 SYRIA - DETAILS OVER SYRIAN DE-ESCALATION ZONES STILL UNRESOLVED IN ASTANA TALKS (JUL 06/SPUTNIK)  SPUTNIK -- A source at the talks on Syria in Astana, Kazakhstan, says participants have agreed on two of four de-escalation zones proposed by Russia as part of efforts to resolve the conflict, reports the Sputnik news agency (Russia).   "An agreement has been reached on two zones already, on Eastern Ghouta and north of Homs. There is still no agreement on Idlib," the unnamed source said on Wednesday.   A package of documents covering the de-escalation zones, including the mandate of monitoring forces, is expected to be finalized next week during a meeting by a joint working group in Tehran, the source said.   The agreements would then be signed during a follow-up round of talks in Astana.   The details still "need finalizing," Moscow's chief negotiator Aleksandr Lavrentyev said, as quoted by Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.   Russia might deploy military forces to monitor the borders of the de-escalation zones, said Lavrentyev, as cited by Reuters.   Moscow has also urged members of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) to send troops for the monitoring mission, reported Interfax-AVN (Russia).   The CIS members are Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.  
  Item Number:14 Date: 07/06/2017 SYRIA - SUICIDE BOMBER MAKES DEADLY ATTACK IN BUS STATION IN GOVERNMENT-HELD HAMA (JUL 06/REU)  REUTERS -- A suicide bombing in the Syrian government-held city of Hama has killed two people and injured nine others, reports Reuters.   The attacker blew himself up on Thursday at a bus station in the southwestern part of the city, reported state television.   There was no immediate claim of responsibility.   This is the second attack in a government-held city this week. On Sunday, a bombing in Damascus killed 20 people and wounded dozens.  
 Item Number:15 Date: 07/06/2017 TURKEY - ERDOGAN PRESIDES OVER LAUNCHING OF HEYBELIADA-CLASS CORVETTE LAUNCHED, KEEL-LAYING OF ISTANBUL-CLASS FRIGATE (JUL 06/DAILYSABAH)  DAILY SABAH -- Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan oversaw a pair of naval construction milestones on Monday at the Istanbul Navy Shipyard, reports the Daily Sabah (Istanbul).   The Kinaliada, the fourth of four of Turkey's domestically designed and built Heybeliada-class corvettes, was launched. The third ship in the class, Burgazada was launched in June 2016 and is scheduled to enter service in 2018.   The first two ships are already in service. The Kinaliada is expected to enter service in 2020.   Also on July 3, after the launching ceremony, Erdogan observed the keel-laying ceremony for the Istanbul, the first in a new class of multi-mission frigates, reported the Quwa defense news and analysis group
Item Number:16 Date: 07/06/2017 UNITED KINGDOM - CONSTRUCTION OF TYPE 26 FRIGATES TO BEGIN SOON (JUL 06/UKMOD)  U.K. MINISTRY OF DEFENSE -- British Defense Secretary Michael Fallon recently signed a contract to launch the construction of Type 26 frigates for the Royal Navy, reports the U.K. Ministry of Defense.   The 3.7 billion (US$4.7 billion) contract with BAE Systems is for the production of the first three ships, said a ministry release on July 2.   The first steel will be cut for the initial frigate later this month, Fallon said.   Under the contract, the Type 26 frigates will be optimized for anti-submarine warfare, with a flexible design to allow modernizations throughout its service life.   The ministry committed to building eight Type 26 frigates in its defense review in 2015. A contract for the last five ships is anticipated in the early 2020s
Item Number:17 Date: 07/06/2017 USA - AIRBORNE SGT. FACES CHARGES FOR DESTROYING HUMVEES IN CHUTE DROP DURING TRAINING (JUL 06/ARMY)  ARMY TIMES -- A U.S. non-commissioned officer has been charged with destroying government property and making a false official statement after three Humvees were destroyed during a parachute drop last year, reports the Army Times.   The failed airdrop became a viral sensation on the internet.   About 150 vehicles, supply parcels, communications equipment and indirect fire weapons systems were dropped in April 2016 from a C-130 as part of the Saber Junction 16 exercise at Hohenfels Training Area in Germany.   The three Humvees were caught on video free-falling into the ground. They slipped from their riggings as their chutes deployed and were destroyed on impact, noted Task & Purpose.   On Tuesday, a spokesman for the 173rd Airborne Brigade said that Sgt. John Skipper was charged in May over the incident.   The charges imply that authorities do not believe malfunction of military equipment was the reason the Humvees slipped out. A Humvee can cost up to US$220,000, noted the Stars and Stripes.   Skipper faces up to "10 years in prison, dishonorable discharge and forfeiture of all pay and allowances" for the destruction of government property
Item Number:18 Date: 07/06/2017 USA - FIRE AT EGLIN PROMPTS EVACUATION, TOXIC SMOKE SCARE; NO INJURIES REPORTED (JUL 06/FN)  FOX NEWS -- Crews are investigating Wednesday's fire at Eglin Air Force Base, Fla.   No injuries were reported after a fire at a lab at Eglin, reports Fox News.   The blaze occurred 10 a.m., local time, at the McKinley Climatic Lab, said base officials.   The fire could have been caused by methyl chloride, which can cause severe neurological effects, the base said. A 1,000-foot cordon was established and the surrounding area evacuated to avoid the potentially toxic smoke, said authorities. The smoke dissipated a few hours later.   An explosion was originally reported. The base later said that was a fire at a support chamber near the lab, reported the Air Force Times.   The McKinley Lab includes the largest environmental chamber in the world and is capable of simulating weather conditions and harsh temperatures.  
  Item Number:19 Date: 07/06/2017 USA - FUTURE USS BILLINGS LITTORAL SHIP CHRISTENED, LAUNCHED IN WIS. (JUL 06/LM)  LOCKHEED MARTIN -- Another Freedom-class littoral combat ship for the U.S. Navy has been christened and launched at the Fincantieri Marinette Marine shipyard in Wisconsin, reports Lockheed Martin, which leads the industry team behind the warship.   The Billings (LCS-15), named after the largest city in Montana, was put into the Menominee River in Marinette during a ceremony on July 1, noted UPI. The ship is the first to be named after the city.   Additional outfitting and testing is planned before delivery to the Navy in 2018, said Lockheed.   The Billings is the eighth in the Freedom class, which features a steel monohull design
Item Number:20 Date: 07/06/2017 USA - MARINE HEADQUARTERS ELEMENTS BEING REVAMPED FOR INFORMATION WARFARE (JUL 06/USNIN)  USNI NEWS -- The Marine Corps is reconfiguring its headquarters elements to improve their information warfare capabilities, reports USNI News.   On July 6, the I Marine Expeditionary Force Headquarters Group at Camp Pendleton, Calif., is to be re-designated as the I MEF Information Group (MIG). It is the first of three HQs being revamped.   The MIG will support the Corps' commandant's "priorities of modernizing the force and improving readiness against a near-peer competitor through a 'whole-of-MAGTF' [Marine Air-Ground Task Force] approach to information warfare," said a statement from I MEF.   The MIG commander will be responsible for providing the MEF commander with a "comprehensive understanding of the information environment, which includes the threat environment, command-and-control network health, status and vulnerabilities, the electromagnetic spectrum, cyberspace, environmental factors, cognitive and social factors, as well as further elements that may affect our ability to compete with near-peer adversaries," said the statement.   The change should better integrate existing cyber, information operations, law enforcement and forensic capabilities within the MEF headquarters, said Col. Roberta Shea, the commander of the I MEF headquarters group.   The headquarters group currently consists of about 4,500 Marines and sailors, with 1,200 in the headquarters element.   The MIG will feature an additional 150 personnel and a new "Information Warfare Coordination Center," similar to a division's combat operations center, said Shea.   Also to be redesignated will be II MEF at Camp Lejeune, N.C., and III MEF based in Okinawa, Japan.

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