Friday, June 23, 2017

Fw: TheList 4483

The List 4483

To All,
A bit of history and some tidbits
This Day In Naval History - June 21
1898: During the Spanish-American War, the cruiser USS Charleston captures the island of Guam without resistance from Spain, because the Spanish Navy had no sufficient ammunition for defense.
1945 - Okinawa declared secure after most costly naval campaign in history.
U.S. had 30 ships sunk and 223 damaged, mostly from kamikaze attacks, with
5000 dead and 5000 wounded, while the Japanese lost 100,000 dead
Today in History June 21
The Peace of Breda ends the Second Anglo-Dutch War as the Dutch cede New Amsterdam to the English.
Christopher Wren begins work on rebuilding St. Paul's Cathedral in London after the Great Fire.
The French royal family is arrested in Varennes.
C. H. McCormick patents the first practical reaper.
Union and Confederate forces skirmish at the Chickahominy Creek.
In the second day of fighting, Confederate troops fail to dislodge a Union force at the Battle of LaFourche Crossing.
Britain celebrates the golden jubilee of Queen Victoria.
General Douglas MacArthur offers amnesty to Filipinos rebelling against American rule.
Mulai Hafid again proclaims himself the true sultan of Morocco.
Porforio Diaz, the ex-president of Mexico, exiles himself to Paris.
Germany uses poison gas for the first time in warfare in the Argonne Forest.
Germans scuttle their own fleet at Scapa Flow, Scotland.
Baseball legend Lou Gehrig is forced to quit baseball because of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis--a disease which wastes muscles.
German General Erwin Rommel captures the port city of Tobruk in North Africa.
Japanese forces on Okinawa surrender to American troops.
Dr. Peter Goldmark demonstrates his "long-playing" record.
A federal judge allows Little Rock, Arkansas to delay school integration.
France announces it will withdraw from the NATO fleet in the North Atlantic.
Three civil rights workers disappear in Meridian, Mississippi.
John Hinckley Jr. is found not guilty by reason of insanity for attempting to assassinate President Ronald Reagan.
The U.S. Senate votes against the nomination of Dr. Henry W. Foster for Surgeon General.
 From the Little Big Horn to the '03 Springfield by  W. Thomas Smith Jr.
This Week in American Military History:
June 20, 1941: The U.S. Army Air Corps is reorganized as the U.S. Army Air Forces (the predecessor to the U.S. Air Force).
June 22, 1944: Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 – commonly known as the "G.I. Bill of Rights" – into law.
The law will literally change the socio-economic landscape of the country:
putting teeth in the U.S. Veterans Administration, and providing education and work-training opportunities, home loans, farm and business startup capital, and other benefits for millions of soon-to-be-returning World War II veterans who otherwise would never receive such.
According to the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, "Before the war, college and homeownership were, for the most part, unreachable dreams for the average American."
The G.I. Bill changed that.
"Millions who would have flooded the job market instead opted for education. In the peak year of 1947, veterans accounted for 49 percent of college admissions. By the time the original G.I. Bill ended on July 25, 1956, 7.8 million of 16 million World War II veterans had participated in an education or training program."
June 23, 1903: The U.S. Army adopts the now-famous Springfield rifle
(M1903) as the standard infantry weapon.
The bolt-action M1903 Springfield will be the primary American rifle carried by soldiers and Marines during America's year (1918) in World War I. And in 1942, U.S. Marines fighting Japanese diehards on Guadalcanal are still armed with the '03 Springfield as their primary weapon (though the semi-automatic M1 Garand had begun to replace the Springfield a few years earlier).
Coincidentally among the American combat units on "the Canal" is the fighting 5th Marine Regiment, which – 25 years earlier during the bloody battle of Belleau Wood – won for the entire Corps a reputation as some of the world's best marksmen. And they did so of course with the '03 Springfield.
U.S. Army Gen. John J. "Black Jack" Pershing, commanding general of the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I, will say, "The deadliest weapon in the world is a Marine and his rifle [meaning his '03 Springfield]."
In his book, Guadalcanal Marine, author Kerry L. Lane will write: "The enemy on Guadalcanal would soon learn that a Marine marksman armed with a Springfield '03 rifle is a dangerous man at a great distance."
June 25, 1876: The battle of the Little Big Horn opens between a few hundred U.S. Army cavalry troopers under the command of Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer and thousands of allied Lakota and Cheyenne Indian warriors under the command of Crazy Horse and Chief Gall.
Also known as "Custer's last stand," the battle will result in the encirclement and total annihilation of Custer and his vastly outnumbered command.
Though a dark day for the American Army, the battle of the Little Big Horn represents multiple inescapable elements of American military tradition:
The dashing, adventurous cavalry trooper riding off into the unknown, mistakes made, mistakes corrected, courage, sacrifice, our American Indian heritage, and the growing pains of America's westward expansion.
June 26, 1948: The Berlin Airlift – a series of some 300,000 air-transport flights into West Berlin delivering an average of 5,000 tons of life necessities every day for nearly a year – begins.
Led by the U.S. Air Force, the airlift – codenamed "Operation Vittles" and unofficially known as "LeMay's Feed and Coal Company" – is launched in response to a Soviet blockade of West Berlin; cutting off all highway and rail routes into the Western zones.
(Gen. Curtis LeMay – affectionately known as "Old Iron Ass" – was the Air Force's brash, cigar-chewing master of strategic bombing.) U.S. Army Gen. Lucius Clay, the military governor of the American zone of occupied Germany, writes: "When the order of the Soviet Military Administration to close all rail traffic from the western zones went into effect …, the three western sectors of Berlin, with a civilian population of about 2,500,000 people, became dependent on reserve stocks and airlift replacements. It was one of the most ruthless efforts in modern times to use mass starvation for political coercion... ."
The blockade and subsequent airlift was the first serious confrontational crisis between the Western Allies and the Soviet Union following World War II. But the airlift, which gained wide public support around the world, was an enormous success. In May 1949, the Soviets conceded and reopened the land routes, though strict – in fact, harsh – control continued for the remainder of the Cold War.
Thanks to Dutch R
1997 Reunion - Son Tay Raider Association - Web Site
Thanks to ted
The War of 1812 : All it wants is a little respect
Time to recognize lasting consequences of a 'weird little episode'?
By Patrick HrubyThe Washington Times  
The Revolutionary War has its own national holiday. World War II has spawned countless books and movies. The Civil War boasts costumed re-enactors and a signature chess set.
And the War of 1812? It has re-enactors, too. The country can't get enough of them. The country of Canada, that is. "The demand for them right now is so great that it's actually driving up the price," said John Stagg, a University of Virginia history professor and author of "The War of 1812: Conflict for a Continent." "They may even have to resort to the desperate tactic of importing a few from the United States.
"The situation is different in Canada. They take the war very seriously in a way that Americans don't."
Currently enjoying its bicentennial — What, you haven't pre-ordered the Postal Service's forthcoming commemorative stamp? — the War of 1812 occupies a musty, forgotten junk drawer in America's collective cultural consciousness, stuffed somewhere between the liberation of Grenada and the time Will Smith punched that extraterrestrial fighter pilot in the face.
No memorial on the Mall.
No memorial, buy-one, get-one-free mattress sales.
The only war in the history of the United States referred to by its year.
The only war in the history of the United States in which — yes, really — Canada won.
A three-year, continent-spanning conflict against the British Empire that gave us Dolley Madison (the heroic first lady, not the snack cakes), the Capitol rotunda (built after a humiliating defeat, but still), the Kentucky Rifle (overrated, according to historians), the 1959 song "The Battle of New Orleans" (less accurate than a Kentucky Rifle, according to historians) and the "Star-Spangled Banner" (ironically sung to the tune of an old English drinking song — whatever), and yet is lucky to receive more than a few throwaway paragraphs in the average American history textbook.
"I think it's more like two sentences," said Stephen Budiansky, author of "Perilous Fight: America's Intrepid War with Britain on the High Seas, 1812-1815."
"The War of 1812 has gotten no respect over the years."
Dissed and dismissed
Don Hickey concurs. The nation's pre-eminent War of 1812 historian, he began a lifelong love affair with the topic as a University of Illinois student in the late 1960s, writing his senior honors thesis on New England's opposition to the conflict.
(Fun fact: Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island refused to lend their state militias to the federal war effort, and a number of New England congressmen who voted for the war were subsequently booted from office. In other words, the War of 1812 was unpopular before it even started.)
"It turned out to be a real academic backwater, along with the entire early national period," said Mr. Hickey, a history professor at Wayne State University in Detroit and the author of "The War of 1812: A Forgotten Conflict, Bicentennial Edition.""It was tough to find a university job."
Most schools at the time, Mr. Hickey said, carried Revolutionary War and Civil War experts on staff, and perhaps an Andrew Jackson scholar as well.
However, few academics paid the War of 1812 much mind. No less a historian than Richard Hofstadter best summed up the prevailing sentiment by describing the conflict as "ludicrous and unnecessary," the climax of an "age of slack and derivative culture, of fumbling and small-minded statecraft" and "terrible parochial wrangling."
"War of 1812 historians are in a bit of a ghetto," Mr. Stagg said. "When Theodore Roosevelt wrote a history of the war, he wrote a naval history. He basically said he wasn't going to study the land campaigns because they were so ludicrous."
For nearly a decade, Congress has entertained the notion of creating an official War of 1812 bicentennial commission; time and again, the same body of lawmakers that regularly honors things like craft beer and the University of Texas swimming and diving team has said thanks, but no thanks.
Don't imagine their constituents care: A recent poll by a Canadian research firm found that 36 percent of Americans could not name a significant outcome to the war.
"There's an American tendency to think the war was some sort of joke, pathetic and not significant," Mr. Stagg said. "There are a lot of memorials to the War of 1812, but they're all local, not national."
What about the District's memorial to James Madison, president and commander in chief during the war?
"It's inside the Library of Congress," Mr. Stagg said. "A lot of people don't even know it's there. And, of course, it talks about [Madison] as a bookish man learning to write the Constitution. It doesn't talk about the War of 1812."
Win, lose, draw?
Why the antipathy? Start with the nature of the conflict. Fed up with British bullying and conscripting of American sailors and a Royal Navy-imposed embargo of trade with France — an offshoot of Europe's Napoleonic Wars — Congress voted to declare war on Britain in June of 1812.
The vote itself was bitterly divided, and came a few days after the British had decided to lift their embargo, the whole reason for the war in the first place.
"The causes of the war don't resonate with modern readers," Mr. Hickey said. "Nobody today goes to war over maritime rights."
The American battle plan was simple — and in retrospect, bizarre: conquer British-controlled Canada, then press for nautical concessions. The United States enjoyed a 15-1 population advantage over its northern neighbor. Brimming with confidence, Thomas Jefferson predicted that victory was a "mere matter of marching."
Poorly trained and badly led, the American army was not greeted as liberators. It was embarrassed. By Canada. In epic, Homeric struggles like the Battle of Beaver Creek. (Never heard of it? That's because you're not Canadian.)
Case in point: In the Battle of Detroit, General William Hull was tricked into surrendering his 2,000-militiamen force to a smaller group of British Canadians and Native Americans without firing a single shot, thereby losing the entire Michigan territory.
"I would put that in my personal top 10 most humiliating defeats for the American Army," Mr. Budiansky said. "There was a lot of truly incompetent generalship and institutional problems handicapping the army. Terrible logistics. No overall command structure. Militias refusing to serve outside U.S. territory."
Following a failed invasion of Canada from New York, feuding American generals Peter Buell Porter and Alexander Smyth actually engaged in a duel — of which historian John R. Elting later quipped, "unfortunately, both missed."
Perhaps America's most memorable defeat came in August of 1814, when 4,000 Royal Marines marched into Washington and set the nation's capital ablaze, famously forcing Dolley Madison to save George Washington's portrait from a burning White House.
Perfect pyrotechnic fodder for a Michael Bay movie, right?
"It wasn't the entire city in flames," Mr. Budiansky said. "The British thought in the classic mold of superpowers dealing with much smaller adversaries that all they needed to do was stage a show of force. So they only burned public buildings — the White House, the Capitol, the State and Treasury departments. Some of the most serious damage was to the Navy Yard."
Those dastardly Redcoats!
"Actually, the Navy Yard was set on fire by evacuating Americans to keep supplies and almost-completed warships from falling into British hands," Mr. Budiansky said.
Ineffective on land, America's military proved surprisingly adept at sea, frustrating and humiliating the much larger Royal Navy. Ultimately, the two sides reached a peace accord in which neither nation made concessions and territorial boundaries returned to their pre-war state.
Though the accord was signed Christmas Eve of 1814, word of the peace treaty didn't reach the United States until after the Battle of New Orleans in early 1815 — an Andrew Jackson-led rout of the British that stands as America's greatest victory in the war.
"The conventional wisdom is that the war ended in a draw, because it was a draw on the battlefield," Mr. Hickey said. "But if you look at policy objectives, the United States didn't force the British to make maritime concessions, while the British achieved their objective of keeping Canada.
"One of the [anti-war] Federalists predicted that America would spend $180 million, have 30,000 casualties and not achieve its objectives. We actually spent $158 million, lost about 20,000 people and didn't achieve our objectives. I would call it ill-advised."
No matter. Over time, Mr. Hickey says, Americans became happy with the War of 1812 because they thought they won. Canadians were happier because they knew they won.
And the British? Happiest of all — because they forgot the whole thing.
"The British were preoccupied with Napoleon, and the Canadians can live with the fact that they owe their survival to the Americans messing up monumentally," Mr. Stagg said. "For the Americans, the war was rather embarrassing."
Shifting attitudes?
Not always. In the years following the war, books, plays and paintings celebrated the conflict, seen by Americans as both an honorable stand against British harassment and a consolidation of the Revolutionary War's gains.
American naval captains — the successful ones, anyway — even became household names.
"If you were a boy in the 1820s, this is what you grew up with," Mr. Budiansky said. "There were ceramic plates of naval heroes like Stephen Decatur and Isaac Hull."
Mr. Budiansky laughed.
"Many of those plates were made in England. They were never one to shy away from cashing in on a potential market."
Battlefield glories — real and imagined — also influenced politics. According to Mr. Stagg, the war helped propel both Mr. Jackson and William Henry Harrison to the presidency, the latter man running on a slogan, "Tippecanoe and Tyler too," that referred to an 1811 battle in the Indiana territory that presaged the War of 1812.
In Kentucky alone, Mr. Stagg said, the war produced three governors, three lieutenant governors and four United States senators — not to mention future Vice President Richard Johnson.
"It was common to use your war record as part of your claim to office," Mr. Stagg said. "Johnson supposedly killed Shawnee leader Tecumseh in 1813. He never claimed that himself, but someone did, and he never denied it. He dined out politically on that for the rest of his career."
The trauma and scale of the subsequent Civil War changed attitudes, transforming the War of 1812 into a historical afterthought. However, an ongoing bicentennial has dragged the conflict at least partially back into public consciousness.
New York lawmakers have appropriated money for commemorative events. The Canadian government is spending an estimated $30 million on the same. As part of a larger, $12 million-plus public relations push, the U.S. Navy is parading the USS Constitution and other ships through Boston, New York, Baltimore, New Orleans and Norfolk.
In Maryland — where cars have War of 1812 license plates and Gov. Martin O'Malley has participated in re-enactments — the state is holding a three-year celebration, which kicked off with a June ceremony at Baltimore's Fort McHenry that featured recorded messages from President Obama, Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper and British Prime Minister David Cameron.
"I must admit, when I visited the White House earlier this year, I was a bit embarrassed that my ancestors had managed to burn the place down 200 years ago," Mr. Cameron joked during his message.
Beyond "The Star-Spangled Banner" — composed by Francis Scott Key during the Battle of Baltimore — the War of 1812 resulted in Jacksonian democracy, a long-term Anglo-American alliance, the birth of Canadian national identity, America's emergence as a naval power and a crushing defeat of Native Americans that paved the way for Manifest Destiny.
It's time, Mr. Stagg believes, the much-maligned conflict got a little more respect.
"Because it seemed to have no clear, decisive winner, people assume it has no decisive consequences," he said. "I think that bit is wrong. It shaped the remainder of 19th-century American history. We should look at is as such, rather than saying it's this weird little episode we can't explain or understand."
© Copyright 2012 The Washington Times, LLC.
The United States won the War of 1812. In the early 19th century
the British were claiming the entire West Coast of North America, including
Alta California and Baja California.
In order to press these claims, they needed to prevent the U.S. from expanding
westwards into the Louisiana Purchase. The British planned to gain control
of the Mississippi River from the Great Lakes to New Orleans.
The British were defeated on the Great Lakes and at the Battle of New Orleans.
Some historians try to make the case that the U.S. was attempting to seize
Canadian territory, and thus, as no Canadian land was lost to the U.S.,
it was a Canadian victory.
However, the U.S. never made any claims on any part of Canada. The
issue was the westward expansion of the United States into territory which
had been considered to be Spanish and French colonies. After the War
of 1812, the U.S. expanded westward to the Pacific.
John Lepant Brighton CO
Item Number:1 Date: 06/21/2017 AUSTRALIA - CONSTRUCTION BEGINS FOR NEW REPLENISHMENT SHIP (JUN 21/NAVANTIA)  NAVANTIA -- Spanish shipbuilder Navantia has announced the cutting of first steel for the initial ship of two planned auxiliaries for the Australian navy.   The milestone came on June 19, following the successful completion of the critical design review for the auxiliary oiler, said a Navantia release.   The new ships will replace the navy's current supply ships Success and Sirius. The new vessels are scheduled for delivery in 2019 and 2020.   Navantia will also be responsible for the first five years of sustainment of the supply ships
Item Number:2 Date: 06/21/2017 BELGIUM - POLICE KILL ATTACKER WHO TRIED TO SET OFF POWERFUL BOMB IN BRUSSELS TRAIN STATION (JUN 21/NYT)  NEW YORK TIMES -- Police in Brussels have shot and killed a man who detonated a suitcase bomb at a busy train station, reports the New York Times.   The suspectleft a suitcase filled with nails and gas bottles in the ticket hall of the Brussels Central Station, reported CNN.   The bomb burst into flames on Tuesday night, local time, but failed to detonate properly, noted the Independent (U.K.)   The suitcase then exploded a second time, causing a larger blast. The suspect ran at a soldier shouting "Allahu Akbar," before being shot and killed, said prosecutors.   No casualties were reported.   On Wednesday, authorities identified the suspect as a 36-year-old Moroccan national ("Oussama Z"). He was known to police but not wanted for any terrorism offenses. The incident is being considered a terrorist attack.   Authorities said he lived in Molenbeek, a neighborhood in Brussels known as a haven for Islamic radicals.   It was unclear whether the attacker had any links to the Islamic State or any other militant groups, said Interior Minister Jan Jambon.  
  Item Number:3 Date: 06/21/2017 CAMEROON - TROOPS WHO ASKED TO BE REPLACED IN PROTEST GET ARRESTED (JUN 21/VOA)  VOICE OF AMERICA NEWS -- The Cameroonian military has detained more than two dozen personnel for abandoning their positions to take part in a protest over pay and working conditions, reports the Voice of America News.   Several dozen Cameroonian soldiers assigned to the Multinational Joint Task Force fighting the Nigeria-based Boko Haram terrorist group earlier this month set up barricades near the border with Nigeria and asked to be replaced, officials said.   The protest was "unacceptable," said a military spokesman. Thirty of those who participated have been arrested so far, he said.   An investigation is underway to find the leaders of the protest.   Officers told the VOA that soldiers are unhappy that they are not receiving the same allowances as Cameroonian troops serving in the U.N. peacekeeping mission in the Central Africa Republic. The U.N. peacekeepers receive an additional US$500 each month.   The protesters could be charged with acts of revolt or rebellion under the military justice code, pending results of the investigation, said Col. Akoutou Mvondo, Cameroon's director of military justice.  
  Item Number:4 Date: 06/21/2017 ISRAEL - ELBIT SYSTEMS SHOWS OFF ITS SKYSTRIKER LOITERING MUNITION AT PARIS AIR SHOW (JUN 21/ELBIT)  ELBIT SYSTEMS -- Israeli defense firm Elbit Systems has debuted a new tactical loitering munition at this week's Paris air show.   The SkyStriker, a remotely operated, precision-guided loitering munition, is designed to seek, locate and engage targets at the tactical level, said an Elbit release on Tuesday.   The air vehicle, equipped with an electro-optical sensor, can locate, acquire and strike operator-marked targets with high precision, say company officials.   An electric propulsion system reduces the acoustic signature, enabling low-altitude operations. It can fly tens of miles to reach a target area, where it can loiter for up to two hours, said Elbit.   The SkyStriker is designed to be quickly deployed to give ground forces the ability to observe and identify an enemy target before attacking it.   The system can carry up to 22 pounds (10 kg) of explosives, engage at any direction and at various angles, the company said.   If necessary, a SkyStriker attack can be aborted up to two seconds before impact.  
 Item Number:5 Date: 06/21/2017 JAPAN - WITH TROUBLED EYE CAST ON N. KOREA, MILITARY HOLDS MISSILE DEFENSE DRILLS (JUN 21/IBT)  INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS TIMES -- Japan has been holding open missile defense drills aimed at assuring the public about potential missile attacks by North Korea, reports the International Business Times.   On Wednesday, the Air Self-Defense Force held a drill with its PAC-3 missile interceptors and other military equipment at Camp Asaka. The drill is one of four being held, reported Reuters.   The Camp Asaka drill involved nine vehicles, including personnel setting up and operating a Patriot missile battery and related equipment, said officials.   The PAC-3 unit prepared for ballistic missile interception and the troops were able to deploy the system as quickly as planned, said a military official in charge of the exercise.   It is unusual to have such drills open to the public or media.   Various reports indicated that North Korea has launched 12 ballistic missiles since the start of the year
Item Number:6 Date: 06/21/2017 NETHERLANDS - INVESTIGATION CONTINUES OVER MAN SAID TO BE DISTRIBUTING ISIS PROPAGANDA (JUN 21/NLT)  NL TIMES -- A teenaged suspect was arraigned on Tuesday in the Netherlands for terrorist activity.   Dutch police arrested the 18-year-old last week for distributing Islamic State propaganda, say prosecutors, as reported by the NL Times.   The suspect was picked up on June 15 in Utrecht on suspicion of spreading violent videos and possibly teaching others how to make explosives, said the national prosecutor's office on Wednesday.   A judge remanded the suspect to custody for 14 days pending further investigation, the office said.   Prosecutors say the arrest was made based on information from the nation's main intelligence agency
  Item Number:7 Date: 06/21/2017 PAKISTAN - FIGHTER SHOOTS DOWN IRANIAN SURVEILLANCE UAV IN BALUCHISTAN (JUN 21/FIRSTPOST)  FIRSTPOST -- Pakistani officials say the air force has shot down an Iranian drone allegedly on a spying mission in Pakistani territory in the southwest, reports First Post (Pakistan).   A JF-17 fighter destroyed the unmanned aircraft in Baluchistan's Panjgur area, said officials on Tuesday.   The wreckage was found on Monday, according to sketchy accounts. It was unclear when the drone was shot down.   The air force has not yet issued an official statement on the matter.   Security had been tightened in Panjgur district, said sources cited by Dawn.   Pakistan and Iran share a 959-km (596-mi) border
Item Number:8 Date: 06/21/2017 PHILIPPINES - ISLAMIST MILITANTS RETREAT AFTER GUNBATTLE WITH TROOPS ON MINDANAO (JUN 21/AFP)  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- Philippine authorities say Islamic militants have occupied a primary school and taken hostages close to where jihadists have been battling government forces on Mindanao, reports Agence France-Presse.   In a dawn raid on Wednesday, hundreds of gunmen attacked a lightly guarded military post in Pigkawayan, about 100 miles from ongoing fighting Marawi city, said the military.   Most withdrew, but about 30 militants took over the school and began using civilians as human shields, said an army spokesman. The number of hostages and whether they included children were not known. The gunmen also planted improvised bombs around the school, he said.   One general discounted reports about children being held, noted Newsweek.   A military official cited by Reuters later said the militants had retreated from the school, but were still holding some hostages.   The Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF), which has pledged allegiance to the Islamic State, confirmed to the wire service that it was responsible, saying the militants had taken the civilians to a safe place and did not intend to hold them hostage.   A BIFF spokesman said the attack was not related to fighting in Marawi. Clashes in that city have been ongoing for five weeks and have left around 350 people dead.  
  Item Number:9 Date: 06/21/2017 RUSSIA - PUTIN GREETS KYRGYZ PRESIDENT AS GOVERNMENTS AGREE ON MILITARY-TECHNICAL COOPERATION (JUN 21/TASS)  TASS -- The governments of Kyrgyzstan and Russia have signed an agreement on military-technical cooperation, reports the Tass news agency (Moscow).   The accord was formalized following Tuesday's talks in Moscow between Russian President Vladimir Putin and his Kyrgyz counterpart, Almazbek Atambayev.   The sides also agreed to accelerate work to create a joint regional air defense system.   The presidents also pledged to step up their anti-terrorism cooperation as part of regional groups, such as the Moscow-led Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and China-led Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), reported Russia's Sputnik news agency.  
  Item Number:10 Date: 06/21/2017 SAUDI ARABIA - KING MAKES SON NEW CROWN PRINCE; HEIR WILL ALSO REMAIN AS DEFENSE MINISTER (JUN 21/WP)  WASHINGTON POST -- Saudi Arabia's king has a new successor.   On Wednesday, King Salman moved his 31-year-old son, the nation's defense minister, to be next in the royal succession line, reports the Washington Post.   Crown Prince Mohammed bin Nayef, Salman's nephew, had been in line to inherit the throne. As interior minister, he oversaw the kingdom's security and counterterrorism operations.   The king issued a series of royal decrees carried by the state-run Saudi Press Agency, stripping the nephew from all of his positions.   Prince Mohammad bin Salman, the new crown prince, will become the nation's deputy prime minister. He will retain control of the Defense Ministry and other portfolios.   The decision was endorsed by most of the members of the Allegiance Council, which is made up of members of the ruling Al Saud family, reported Reuters.  
  Item Number:11 Date: 06/21/2017 SERBIA - IN CEREMONY ATTENDED BY PRESIDENT, DEFENSE MINISTER, ARMY TAKES DELIVERY OF MORE DONATED CHINESE MILITARY GEAR (JUN 21/XIN)  XINHUA -- The Serbian army accepted delivery of military equipment donated by China worth about US$1 million, reports Xinhua, China's state news agency.   Received on June 20, the gear included 16 rubber boats with outboard engines; five snowmobiles; and 10 portable systems for detecting explosives and narcotics.   The equipment was handed over at the military barracks in Pancevo in a ceremony attended by President Aleksandar Vucic, Defense Minister Zoran Djordjevic and Chinese Ambassador to Serbia Li Manchang.   In recent years, China has donated equipment worth US$5.6 million to Serbia, said Djrodjevic. This includes IT equipment and ambulances.   The latest donation was an expression of friendship between Chinese and Serbian armies, said Ambassador Li
  Item Number:12 Date: 06/21/2017 SOMALIA - DEADLY SUICIDE CAR BOMB ROCKS MOGADISHU (JUN 21/XIN)  XINHUA -- At least 15 people have been killed and scores injured in a car bombing at a government building in Mogadishu, the Somali capital, reports Xinhua, China's state news agency, citing local security officials.   A vehicle filled with explosives detonated inside the Wadajir district headquarters on Tuesday, said a spokesman for the Internal Security Ministry.   The death toll could rise since some of the nine or so wounded were badly hurt, according to police.   The driver forced the minibus through the gate of the building before setting off the explosives, reported the Voice of America News.   The Wadajir district commissioner was reportedly among the wounded. Police said many of the dead were civilians.   The Al-Shabaab terrorist group claimed responsibility for the attack
  Item Number:13 Date: 06/21/2017 SPAIN - 3 JIHADIST SUSPECTS IN CUSTODY IN MADRID (JUN 21/LOCAL)  THE LOCAL -- Spanish police have arrested three suspected Islamist militants, including one with alleged links with the Islamic State, reports the Local (Spain).   A 32-year-old Moroccan national "in an advanced state of radicalization" was detained in a dawn raid on Tuesday in Madrid, said the Interior Ministry.   The suspect had "an extremely dangerous profile, corresponding with those of terrorists recently implicated in the attacks in the United Kingdom or France," and was "integrated" into ISIS, the ministry said in a statement on Wednesday   The man had tried to recruit others to carry out an attack in Spain and had a large number of jihadists manuals, including one for suicide attacks, said the ministry.   Two other Moroccans living in the same home were also arrested
  Item Number:14 Date: 06/21/2017 SYRIA - GOVERNMENT FORCES, IRAN-BACKED MILITIAS PRESS WESTERN-SUPPORTED FSA IN EAST (JUN 21/REU)  REUTERS -- Western-backed Free Syrian Army (FSA) rebels are being attacked by government forces and allied Iran-backed militias near the Iraqi border, reports Reuters.   Hundreds of government troops with dozens of armored vehicles began an assault Tuesday in the Bir Qassab area, about 45 miles southeast of Damascus toward the Badia region bordering Iraq and Jordan, said the rebels.   "The [Syrian] regime and militia ground attack started this dawn and our forces are holding on to their positions," said an FSA spokesman.   The pro-government forces are being supported by Russian air power, he added.   FSA rebels seized Bir Qassab a few months ago after the Islamic State withdrew eastward toward Raqqa, the terror group's de facto capital. Holding that strategic area had allowed ISIS to attack government territory east of Damascus and to control large areas of the region.  
  Item Number:15 Date: 06/21/2017 SYRIA - USAF FIGHTER JET SHOOTS DOWN IRAN-MADE SYRIAN DRONE WITHIN FIRING RANGE OF AMERICAN FORCES (JUN 21/CJTF-OIR)  COMBINED JOINT TASK FORCE-OPERATION INHERENT RESOLVE -- A U.S. Air Force F-15E Strike Eagle fighter has downed another armed unmanned aerial vehicle operating in support of the Syrian regime, reports the Combined Joint Task Force-Operation Inherent Resolve (CJTF-OIR).   The F-15E shot down the Shaheed-129 drone early Tuesday morning after it "displayed hostile intent and advanced on coalition forces," the task force said.   The Iranian-made Shaheed-129 was shot down about 12:30 a.m., June 20, near Tanf, close to the Iraq-Syria border, reported the Sun (London).   The coalition forces were reportedly at an established combat outpost northeast of Tanf, where they are engaged in advising partner ground forces.   CNN reported that the drone was in firing range of U.S. troops.   This is the same location where a pro-Damascus, Iran-made UAV dropped munitions before being shot down on June 8.  
Item Number:16 Date: 06/21/2017 UNITED KINGDOM - FOLLOWING REFIT, BROCKLESBY MINEHUNTER HEADS OUT FOR SEA TRIALS (JUN 21/BAE)  BAE SYSTEMS -- The British Royal Navy minehunter Brocklesby has started sea trials after completing a major refit ahead of schedule, reports BAE Systems, which performed the work.   The minehunter will be re-delivered to the Royal Navy four months ahead of schedule due to improvements at Portsmouth Naval Base, where the refit was performed, said BAE Systems in a release on Monday.   The upgrade included the replacement of the ship's entire propulsion system, including machinery controls and surveillance system.   In addition, the chilled water plant was overhauled and new propellers fitted. The galley was also modernized and refurbished, the company said
Item Number:17 Date: 06/21/2017 USA - AFTER 11 DAYS, F-35S AT LUKE AFB RETURN TO FLIGHT; OXYGEN PROBLEM UNRESOLVED (JUN 21/ARIZ)  ARIZONA REPUBLIC -- U.S. Air Force officials at Luke Air Force Base, Ariz., have announced that the F-35 Lightning II fighter is returning to flight on Wednesday after being grounded for 11 days, reports the Arizona Republic.   Fifty-five F-35A fighters at the base have been grounded since June 9 after five pilots complained about hypoxia-like symptoms over a five-week period.   An investigation has not yet found the specific cause of the problems. The grounding only affected the F-35As at Luke and had no effect on the Navy or Marine variants of the aircraft, noted the Washington Examiner.   Some potential causes have been eliminated, including maintenance and aircrew flight equipment procedures, according to a statement from Luke AFB cited by the Air Force Times.   The aircraft at Luke will fly under some restrictions for the time being. These include:   * Avoiding the altitudes in which all five physiological events occurred.  * Modifying ground procedures to mitigate physiological risks to pilots.  * Expanding physiological training to increase understanding between pilot and medical communities.  * Increasing minimum levels for backup oxygen systems for each flight.  * Offering pilots the option of wearing sensors during flight to collect airborne human performance data
Item Number:18 Date: 06/21/2017 USA - IN 'PROVOCATIVE' MOVE OVER BALTIC SEA, RUSSIAN SU-27 FIGHTER FLIES WITHIN 5 FEET OF AMERICAN PLANE (JUN 21/FN)  FOX NEWS -- In what has been called a "provocative" maneuver, an armed Russian fighter jet came within 5 feet of a U.S. reconnaissance aircraft in the Baltic Sea earlier this week, reports Fox News.   On Monday, a Russian Su-27 equipped with air-to-air missiles "rapidly" approached a U.S. Air Force RC-135 about 25 miles northeast of the Russian enclave of Kaliningrad, and flew within 5 feet of the American aircraft, said two U.S. officials.   The Russian aircraft was " flying "erratically," said the officials on Tuesday. The Pentagon called this an "unsafe" interaction.   "We were flying in international airspace and did nothing to provoke this behavior," said a Pentagon spokesman. Russia's Defense Ministry said the U.S. aircraft swerved dangerously.   In a separate incident on Tuesday, a NATO F-16 buzzed an aircraft over neutral waters carrying Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu to Kaliningrad, reported Tass and other Russian media.   According to the Russian agencies, a Russia Su-27 flew between the two aircraft and flashed its weapons at the NATO plane. The F-16 then left the area
Item Number:19 Date: 06/21/2017 USA - TREASURY PUTS MORE SANCTIONS ON RUSSIAN SEPARATISTS OVER UKRAINE CONFLICT; POROSHENKO VISITS WHITE HOUSE (JUN 21/TREASURY)  U.S. TREASURY DEPT. -- The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) in the U.S. Dept. of the Treasury has imposed sanctions on more individuals and entities involved in the fighting in eastern Ukraine.   The action is aimed at countering efforts to circumvent U.S. sanctions and ensure American measures are in line with those of international partners, said a Treasury release on Tuesday.   The designation also provides additional information to help the private sector with sanctions compliance, said the release.   The OFAC designated 38 individuals and entities, including one that has reportedly evaded existing sanctions; two Russian government officials and two individuals acting for or on behalf of government officials; two entities owned or controlled by an individual previously designated; and 11 individuals and entities that operate in Crimea.   The measures block any property or interest in property of the designated persons in the possession or control of U.S. persons or within the U.S. Transactions by Americans with the designated individuals are also generally prohibited.   The sanctions target 21 Ukrainian separatists, entities and their supporters; six individuals related to the Russian government and sanctions evasion; and 20 subsidiaries related to the previously sanctions Russian Transneft company.   The sanctions were announced the same day that Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko visited the White House for a meeting with President Trump, noted USA Today
  Item Number:20 Date: 06/21/2017 VENEZUELA - PRESIDENT BOOTS TOP MILITARY LEADERS AFTER 'MISUSE' OF FORCE BY SOLDIERS AGAINST PROTESTERS (JUN 21/BL)  BLOOMBERG -- Venezuelan President Nioclas Maduro has replaced several military commanders amid anti-government protests that have turned violent in Caracas, reports Bloomberg.   On Tuesday, Maduro named new commanders for the army, navy, air force and national guard. He made the announcement in a two-hour televised address.   Maduro also announced the recruitment of 40,000 new police officers and national guardsmen, reported the BBC.   On Monday, images showed soldiers firing on protesters in the capital. During the incident, a teenager was killed and four people wounded by gunfire. Two members of the national guard were arrested in connection with the shooting.   Interior Minister Nestor Reverol said on Twitter late Monday that an initial investigation showed "misuse and disproportionate use of force."   There have been almost daily protests since early April, prompted by a shortage of basic goods and rampant crime, among other issues.


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