Wednesday, February 8, 2017

Fw: TheList 4382

The List 4382
To All,
A bit of history and some tidbits.
This Day In Naval History - February 8
1862: During the Civil War, a joint amphibious expedition under the command of Flag Officer L. M. Goldsborough and U.S. Army Brigadier Gen. Ambrose Burnside captures Roanoke Island, N.C., securing Norfolk Navy Yard and eventually the destruction of CSS Virginia.
1890 - USS Omaha sailors and marines assist Hodogary, Japan in subduing large fire
1984: Naval Aviator/Astronaut Bruce McCandless II makes the first untethered spacewalk as he flies some 300 feet from the Space Shuttle Challenger in the first test of the Manned Maneuvering Unit (MMU).
Military Milestones from Apache Pass to Patch's Dispatch by  W. Thomas Smith Jr.
This Week in American Military History:
Feb. 9, 1943:  U.S. Adm. William F. "Bull" Halsey receives the following message from U.S. Army Maj. Gen. Alexander M. "Sandy" Patch:
"Total and complete defeat of Japanese forces on Guadalcanal effected 1625 today . . . Am happy to report this kind of compliance with your orders . .
. because Tokyo Express no longer has terminus on Guadalcanal."
The campaign launched by U.S Marines and sailors in August 1942, and fought
by Army, Navy, and Marine forces (and allies) over a six-month period, has
resulted in the decisive defeat of Japanese forces on-and-near the island
of Guadalcanal. The close of the campaign also ends the first major
American offensive of World War II.
Feb. 10, 1763:  The Treaty of Paris is signed ending the Seven Years War,
known as the French and Indian War in the North American colonies. For
America – militarily speaking – the war strengthens Great Britain's
territorial dominance and strategic supremacy in North America. The war
also serves as the conflict prior to the American Revolution in which many
future Continental Army commanders cut their teeth.
Feb. 10, 1962:  In a dramatic Cold War prisoner swap between the U.S. and
the Soviet Union, U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers is exchanged for Soviet spy
Rudolph Ivanovich Abel on the Glienecker Bridge between West Berlin and
Potsdam in East Germany.
Powers is a former U.S. Air Force officer who had been flying U-2s for the
CIA when he was shot down over the Soviet Union and captured in May 1960. 
Abel, a KGB colonel, had been arrested in New York in 1957 and convicted of
espionage activities against the United States.
Feb. 12, 1955:  Pres. (retired five-star U.S. Army general) Dwight D.
Eisenhower sends U.S. military advisors to South Vietnam.
Feb. 12, 1973:  The first American prisoners of war are released from North
Vietnamese captivity.
Feb. 13, 1861: U.S. Army Assistant Surgeon Bernard J. D. Irwin takes
voluntary command of combat troops, leading an expedition to rescue some 60
men of the 7th Infantry who are trapped and surrounded by Apache Indian
forces under Cochise. According to his citation: "Irwin and 14 men, not
having horses began the 100-mile march riding mules. After fighting and
capturing Indians, recovering stolen horses and cattle, he reached [2d Lt.
George N.] Bascom's column and help break his siege."
Though the Medal of Honor does not yet exist, Irwin will receive the new
decoration in 1894. And his actions at "Apache Pass" will prove to be the
first in history for which the medal is awarded.
Feb. 13, 1945:  USS Batfish (the first of two so-named American submarines)
sinks her third Japanese submarine in four days.
·         February 8
Mary, Queen of Scots is beheaded in Fotheringhay Castle for her alleged part in the conspiracy to usurp Elizabeth I.
At Eylau, Napoleon's Marshal Pierre Agureau attacks Russian forces in a heavy snowstorm.
Delegates from seceded states adopt a provisional Confederate Constitution.
Union troops under Gen. Ambrose Burnside defeat a Confederate defense force at the Battle of Roanoke Island, N.C.
Confederate raider William Quantrill and men attack a group of Federal wagons at New Market, Kentucky.
Congress passes the Dawes Act, which gives citizenship to Indians living apart from their tribe.
British General Buller is beaten at Ladysmith, South Africa as the British flee over the Tugela River.
In a surprise attack at Port Arthur, Korea, the Japanese disable seven Russian warships.
The Boy Scouts of America is incorporated.
The gas chamber is used for the first time to execute a murderer.
The Japanese land on Singapore.
British General Orde Wingate leads a guerrilla force of "Chindits" against the Japanese in Burma.
Elizabeth becomes Queen of England after her father, King George VI, dies.
The U.S. Defense Department reports the creation of the Military Assistance Command in South Vietnam.
South Vietnamese bomb the North Vietnamese communications center at Vinh Linh.
South Vietnamese ground forces, backed by American air power, begin Operation Lam Son 719, a 17,000 man incursion into Laos that ends three weeks later in a disaster.
CBS television temporarily suspends Andy Rooney for his anti-gay and ant-black remarks in a magazine interview.
Today on Fighter Sweep
A Day in the Life of a Fighter Pilot – Part I
By Nate S. Jaros I am often asked what it is like to be a fighter pilot. Sure, we boast about how fast we fly, how to shoot missiles, drop View More ›
Thanks to Dr. Rich
Ever wonder how aircraft carrier catapults are tested??
With our thanks to THE Bear at
February 8, 2017Bear Taylor
RIPPLE SALVO… #340… A DFC the hard way: BULLPUP … but first…
Good Morning: Day THREE HUNDRED FORTY of a look back of fifty years to the air war America wants to forget…
8 FEBRUARY 1967… The New York Times HEAD LINES on a sunny and very cold Wednesday with snow up to the knees…
Page 1: "Blizzard Cripples East Coast"..."A 12.6-inch snow buffeted the city; Schools will be closed; Shops are closed,; Hotels are full; and Traffic is stalled. A mid-winter blizzard struck with paralyzing fury yesterday along the east coast from Washington to Nova Scotia, turning New York City into an arctic desert of blinding snow and freezing temperatures. The howling storm snarled traffic, grounded aircraft, disrupted harbor shipping, temporarily shutdown subway services, sent millions of workers home at mid-day, and filled the hotels as predicted weather warned of subzero temperatures…The snow at 12.6″ is the most to fall on New York since a 15″ storm of 1961. Most snow of all time–26.4″ on 26 December 1947."… Page 1: "Panel is Reported Supporting Draft of Youngest First"… "The President's commission on the draft will recommend the drafting of the youngest men first instead of the oldest and will propose that the gradual abolition of student deferments be given serious consideration. The commission will also recommend that those youths classified 1-A or fit for service, be chosen for military duty by a random selection process."… Page 2: "April Draft Call"… "The Defense Department called today for a draft of 11,400 men into the Army in April. The quota was 500 fewer than the 11,900-man call for March and 500 more than the 10,900 inductions called for in February. The January draft was 15,600."…Page 1: "Soviet Arms Deal Signed With Iran"… "The Soviet Union has signed a military aid agreement worth nearly $100-million with Iran, a member of the Central Treaty Organization. American officials said this was the first time that a member of a Western alliance had agreed to buy Soviet arms."…
Page 2: "4-Day Cease-fire Begins In Vietnam"... "The pop of firecrackers replaced the roar of high explosives as combatants in the war put down their arms and began to celebrate Tet, the lunar New Year…two hours after the truce had begun the Vietcong opened fire twice on U.S. paratroopers…No other incidents were reported in the first five hours of the truce."… Also: "Hanoi Notes Anniversary"–this day marked the second anniversary of the start of United States bombing with a statement– "Despite the bombing, North Vietnam is growing ever stronger as it fights and has now become steadier than before."…Page 2: "3 Sailors in Capetown"… "The police early today found three sailors from the USS FDR who were reported missing when the ship left Capetown yesterday. The three sailors were all white and under 21."… Page 3: "Wilson Says Misunderstanding Arose on Talks"… "Prime Minister Wilson said today that he thought 'a very considerable two-way misunderstanding broke up efforts in December to arrange talks between the United States and North Vietnam. He spoke of 'the Polish discussions.' (MARIGOLD –see RTR for mid-December 1967) This gave substance to recent reports of a move by Henry Cabot Lodge, United States Ambassador in Vietnam to arrange contacts with Hanoi through a Polish diplomat. According to these reports some measure of a meeting between Americans and North Vietnamese representatives in Warsaw. But this collapsed when American planes bombed near Hanoi on December 13 and 14."…
8 February 1967… The President's Daily Brief… CIA (TS sanitized)… VIETNAM: During the first 20 hours of the ceasefire there were 14 major and 31 minor incidents reported. A major incident is defined as one resulting in casualties or a heavy volume of weapons fire. This represents an increase over corresponding periods during the Christmas and New Year truces. Not unexpectedly, coastal shipping in the southern part of Vietnam increased greatly following the Tet stand-down… NORTH VIETNAM: Soviet shipping to North Vietnam during January was slightly higher than the monthly average of last year. The number of Soviet ships arriving or en route so far this month indicates that the higher volume will continue into March. The over-all figures on imports to North Vietnam by sea during 1966 were up by 34%, mainly because of stepped-up aid deliveries from the Russians. Free world shipping dropped off last year…
8 February 1967…U.S. STATE DEPARTMENT Office of the Historian... The Tet cease-fire brought a flurry of interesting memos, letters and conversations that are worthy of including in this review of the air war– the bombing of North Vietnam. First there was a letter from President Johnson transmitted to the Pope on 8 February that explained the American position, reviewed all of LBJs attempts to get peace talks going, and thanked him for asking… The document also includes a similar letter from Ho Chi Minh to the Pope … Both letters in their entirety are at
A second document dated 7 February is a memo from Rostow to LBJ bucking a telegram from the British in London detailing the ongoing conversations between Prime Minister Wilson and Soviet leader Kosygin concerning a viable plan to get peace talks going. This document explains the "A-B form" or approach that was part of the conversation: A: Americans stop bombing, then B: both sides make simultaneous cessation of adding troops to South Vietnam forces. Exchanges at...
A third document worth a look by RTR readers is the 8 February 1967 "Summary Notes of the 568th Meeting of the National Security Council" that sums up a discussion of "Bombing of North Vietnam," including comments by CJCS Wheeler, and Secretaries Rusk and McNamara… "General wheeler: A North Vietnamese promise to talk is not enough to lead us to halt the bombing."…Summary Notes at…
I am including here a "Telegram from the Embassy in Vietnam to the Department of State" dated 8 February as indicative of Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge's weekly reports from Saigon. Very little in these weekly reports that mention of concern the bombing of the North. Included solely for information… Telegram at…
"The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the AIR FORCE CROSS (POSTHUMOUSLY) to NORMAN SCHMIDT, COLONEL,United States Air Force, for extraordinary heroism in military operations against an opposing armed force while a Prisoner of War in North Vietnam from 1 September 1966 to 28 august 1967. Through his extraordinary heroism and willpower in the face of the enemy, COLONEL SCHIMDT reflected the highest credit upon himself and the United States Air Force."
Among COLONEL SCHMIDT's combat awards: the Air Force Cross, Distinguished Flying Cross (2), Air Medal (5), Purple Heart, Air Force Commendation Medal with Valor "V", and the Prisoner of War Medal.
Colonel Schmidt was downed while flying an F-104 on a strafing attack on a truck park about 25 miles northeast of Dong Hoi on 1 September. An extensive rescue effort failed and COLONEL SCHMIDT was imprisoned in Hanoi. The following is quoted from "Honor Bound" by Rochester and Kiley...Page 105: "Major Norman Schmidt… would be killed by the Vietnamese or die in prison–the circumstances are not clear–a year after his capture. All told…eight of the 1966 group (of POWs) would die in captivity, evidence of the return of hard times (intense torture) following the Christmas 1966 Tet lull… Page 305: "Although there is no evidence of any outright execution at Vegas (one of the POW prisons) in 1967, at least one prisoner appears to have died from mistreatment, Norm Schmidt was last seen by his Desert Inn companions being led off to interrogation one day in late August; from their own anxious encounter with "Greasy" (an NVN interrogation officer) cellmates of Schmidt …concluded that Schmidt had angered the unpredictable "Greasy" and suffered a fatal beating. Others narrowly survived." Colonel Schmidt's remains were returned to the United States in March 1974.   …some gave all…
8 February 1967…Operation Rolling Thunder... New York Times (9 Feb reporting 8 Feb ops) Page 3: "Unarmed air reconnaissance over North Vietnam is continuing to patrol for security purposes because of asserted previous enemy truce violations. The U.S. lost an RF-101 that was downed 15 miles north of Dong Hoi, just north of the DMZ. In addition the U.S. Destroyer Stoddard received hits from shore batteries in an exchange of gunfire. There was little damage and no casualties."… "Vietnam: Air Losses" (Hobson) One Fixed wing aircraft was lost on 8 February 1967.
(1) CAPTAIN J.H. ROGERS was flying an RF-101C of the 45th TRS and 460th TRW out of Tan Son Nhut was on a coastal reconnaissance mission and hit by ground fire in the area of Dong Hoi. He turned his burning aircraft seaward and ejected about eight miles off shore to be rescue by a U.S. Navy ship…
RIPPLE SALVO… #340… THIS ONE IS FOR ALL OF ROLLING THUNDER's hundreds of AGM-12 B/C BULLPUP MISSILE SHOOTERS… In a 6 February 1967 New York Times article Hanson Baldwin had this to say about the Bullpup: "The Bullpup, a missile with a conventional warhead intended for use against bridges and hard point targets has two liabilities. It's warheads is not heavy enough to destroy some heavy bridges or concrete and steel installations, and its short range and guidance system expose the pilot to intense enemy ground fire. No accurate standoff missile which would enable the attacking plane to deliver ordnance beyond the range of enemy ground fire has been developed…as a result, the iron bomb of World War II and Korea, modified with low drag fins and streamlined shapes, are still the principle item of ordnance."…
The following is a "Summary of Action" submitted with a recommendation for an award. I enter the whole document as a testimony to the administrative justification for every medal recommended during Operation Rolling Thunder. No shortcuts. I have chosen  a Distinguished flying Cross recommendation for a squadron mate then and a dear friend ever since…Bill Bowes, a savvy Lieutenant in 1967 and a retired Vice Admiral now…  I quote from a CVAN-65 letter to the Commander in Chief Pacific Fleet dated 30 March 1967, Subject: Distinguished flying Cross; recommendation for…
In accordance with the provisions of references….. it is recommended that Lieutenant William Charles Bowes, United States Navy, attached to and serving with Attack Squadron ONE HUNDRED THIRTEEN aboard USS ENTERPRISE (CVAN-65), be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for heroism and extraordinary achievement in aerial flight.
On 4 February 1967, Lieutenant BOWES, pilot of an A-4C aircraft on a flak suppression mission, participating in a highly successful twenty-nine plane coordinated attack against the Thanh Hoa, North Vietnam, railroad yard complex as part of a three carrier strike also involving USS TICONDEROGA (CVA-14) and USS KITTY HAWK (CVA-63).
The Thanh Hoa railroad yard is the largest railroad classification yard south of Hanoi and is a vital strategic link in the North Vietnamese supply route to the South. It consists of five tracks, two bypasses and one spur.
The Thanh Hoa target area is one of the most heavily protected sectors of North Vietnam. Thanh Hoa and its environs are defended by thirty-five Photo-Interpreter-Identified 37/57mm antiaircraft sites and ten radar controlled 85mm anti-aircraft sites. In addition, the strike group was well within the effective range of fourteen photo and elint confirmed SA-2 surface-to-air missile sites.
Briefed to select an active antiaircraft site in the target area, Lieutenant BOWES, armed with a AGM-12C proximity fuzed Bullpup missile, maintained tight formation integrity until the strike group approached Than Hoa. then detached from his division, he climbed to optimum attack altitude of 15,000-feet, which increased his vulnerability to surface-to-air missile attack, and searched out his target. As the strike group initiated their dive bombing attack on the key railroad facilities, Lieutenant BOWES observed eight flak sites commence firing. Establishing himself in a stable thirty degree dive, he selected a 37/57 site southeast of the Thanh Hoa bridge from which seven guns were firing intensely at the vulnerable attacking aircraft. As he fired his missile, Lieutenant BOWES was also taken under fire by the site and their accurately aimed fire followed and burst in close proximity to his aircraft. He continued his ("six to ten second") attack and expertly guided his missile into the weapon site. A large fireball enveloped the well revetted gun position silencing the several weapons at the site. Recovering at a dangerously low altitude and slow airspeed in an area of intense opposition over the Thanh Hoa bridge, Lieutenant BOWES successfully maneuvered to ovoid the intense enemy barrage of fire and cleared the area to sea.
Lieutenant BOWES extraordinary airmanship, perfect missile attack on a major enemy defensive position and his valiant actions in the face of enemy antiaircraft fire contributed substantially to the success of this and other missions in the Thanh Hoa area on 4 and 5 February 1967. …The two-day, three carrier attacks produced devastating damage to the targets take under attack in the Thanh Hoa area and was accomplished without the loss of an aircraft. COMMANDER SEVENTH FLEET message the following to the carriers and air wings of COMMANDER TASK FORCE SEVENTY-SEVEN at Yankee Station: "Well Done. Your Devastating attack on the Thanh Hoa rail complex yesterday was most impressive. My congratulations to all concerned with the planning and execution. VADM John J. Hyland."
Lieutenant Bill Bowes, VA-113, was awarded his first DFC after more than 130 dives ("six seconds of do or die or both") through fields of fire to strike military targets in North Vietnam… oohrah…
CAG's QUOTES for 8 February: "VON CLAUSEWITZ: "No other feeling, however more common it may be or however more highly it may generally be regarded…can make ambition and thirst for glory unimportant."… PATTON: "It is the unconquerable soul of man and not the nature of the weapon he used which insures victory."…
Lest we forget…. Bear
Item Number:1 Date: 02/08/2017 AFGHANISTAN - 6 RED CROSS WORKERS KILLED WHILE DELIVERING SUPPLIES AFTER DISASTER; ISIS SUSPECTED (FEB 08/INDEP)  INDEPENDENT -- Local officials in northern Afghanistan say suspected Islamic State militants attacked an International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) aid convoy on Wednesday, killing at least six Afghan employees and leaving two missing, reports the Independent (U.K.).   The attack took place in Jowzjan province, about 35 km (21 miles) west of the provincial capital Shibirghan, reported Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.   The aid workers were delivering supplies to areas hit by recent avalanches, said the Jowzjan provincial governor.   There was no immediate claim of responsibility. ISIS is active in the immediate area, said the governor.   A Taliban spokesman said his fighters were not involved promised that they would "put all their efforts into finding the perpetrators."  
 Item Number:2 Date: 02/08/2017 AUSTRALIA - NAVY GOES WITH AUSTRIAN FIRM FOR CAMCOPTER S-100 UNMANNED HELICOPTERS (FEB 08/SCHIEBEL)  SCHIEBEL -- The Royal Australian Navy has awarded Austria's Schiebel a contract for Camcopter S-100 unmanned helicopter systems and three years of logistics support, reports the defense firm, which is headquartered in Vienna.   The navy issued a request for tender in February 2016 for the unmanned aircraft requirement. After negotiations, the contract with Schiebel was signed at the end of December 2016, the company said.   The Camcopter beat out the Skeldar V-200 and MQ-8C Fire Scout for the deal, noted AIN Online.   The unmanned helicopter will be used for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance and forward observer missions, according to the navy.   The value of the contract and number of systems involved was not disclosed
Item Number:3 Date: 02/08/2017 CANADA - PEACEKEEPERS IN AFRICA MAY BE ARMED WITH NEW GUIDANCE ON CHILD SOLDIERS (FEB 08/CP)  CANADIAN PRESS -- The Canadian military is about to issue guidelines for its personnel on dealing with child soldiers, reports the Canadian Press.   The guidance may be tested with Canada's planned deployment of peacekeeping forces to Africa, likely in Mali.   The object is ensuring that troops are properly trained and emotionally prepared for situations involving child soldiers, including scenarios where a deadly response is needed.   The guidelines are also supposed to give Canadians the tools to deal appropriately with child soldiers who are not threats.   Gen. Jonathan Vance, the defense chief, ordered the guidelines prepared in March 2016 after meeting with retired Lt. Gen. Romeo Dallaire, a former Canadian senator, an opponent of the use of child soldiers.   Vance is expected to approve the new guidelines in the near future. They will then be distributed and integrated into military training and other mission preparation.  
  Item Number:4 Date: 02/08/2017 EUROPEAN UNION - EUROPEAN COUNCIL KEEPS INTERNAL BORDER CONTROLS FOR ANOTHER 3 MONTHS (FEB 08/CEU)  COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION -- The Council of the European Union has just adopted a recommendation extending temporary internal border controls for five countries.   Beginning on Feb. 11, 2017, when the previous decision expires, Austria, Denmark, Germany, Norway and Sweden are urged to continue proportionate temporary border controls for up to three months, said a release from the Council on Tuesday.   The council represents the executive governments of the E.U.'s member states.   The recommended measures apply along the Austrian-Hungarian and Austrian-Slovenian land borders; German-Austrian land border; Danish ports with ferry connections to Germany and at the Danish-German land border; Swedish harbors in police regions South and West and at the Oresund bridge, which connects Denmark and Sweden; and at Norwegian ports with ferry connections to Denmark, Germany and Sweden.   The council urges those member states to exchange views with relevant countries to ensure that internal border controls are implemented only where it is considered necessary.   States implementing the controls should review them every week to adjust them to the threat level and phase them out when appropriate, says the council. A report should also be issued to the European Commission and Council every month, the release said.   All five countries involved belong to the European Union's Schengen agreement, which eliminates internal borders. In response to the migration crisis in Europe, the E.U. has permitted some of its members to set up internal border checks.  
  Item Number:5 Date: 02/08/2017 FRANCE - GERMANY, FRANCE FUND EDA MANNED-UNMANNED TEAMING PROJECT (FEB 08/EDA)  EUROPEAN DEFENSE AGENCY -- The European Defense Agency (EDA) has announced the successful completion of a project designed to demonstrate the feasibility of operating and coordinating unmanned ground vehicles with manned vehicles for future combat missions.   The Hybrid Manned-Unmanned Platooning (Hy-MUP) program was funded by France and Germany and conducted by a consortium involving ECA Robotics and Thales Optronique of France and Diehl BGT Defence and Rheinmetall Landsysteme in Germany.   The Hy-MUP program was a continuation of the previous semi-autonomous unmanned ground vehicle (SAM-UGV) project conducted by the same consortium, the EDA said in a release on Feb. 6.   The project was designed to demonstrate the ability of UGVs to operate in coordination with existing manned vehicles by analyzing and defining cases where platooning is appropriate; identify the safety requirements; and develop a demonstration hybrid fleet to be deployed in convoy reconnaissance or surveillance missions with a manned command-and-control vehicle and mobile unmanned vehicle.   Another goal was to make the military more familiar with heavy unmanned vehicles, the EDA said.   Two leader-follower functionalities were demonstrated during the trials. An obstacle avoidance capability was also tested, but could not be fully demonstrated due to project constraints, said the EDA.  
  Item Number:6 Date: 02/08/2017 GERMANY - POLICE RAIDS HUNT FOR EVIDENCE OF SUPPORT TO NUSRA FRONT IN SYRIA (FEB 08/REU)  REUTERS -- Police in Germany and Britain are looking for evidence against suspects who allegedly supported the Nusra Front terrorist group in Syria, reports Reuters.   Raids were held in North Rhine-Westphalia, said authorities cited by Russia's RT.   Two suspects long supported the group, now known has Jabhat Fatah al-Sham, said Germany's chief federal prosecutor's office on Wednesday.   The pair reportedly collected donations for the terror group, including ambulances, medical equipment and medicine, under fake aid groups called "Medicine with Heart" and "Medicine without Borders," said the office.   No arrests had been made and there was no evidence of preparations for a specific attack, said a spokesman for the prosecutor's office.  
Item Number:7 Date: 02/08/2017 ISRAEL - MPS ARRESTED FOR ACCEPTING BRIBES; CHARGES SAY THEY LOOKED AWAY WHILE PALESTINIANS CROSSED BORDER (FEB 08/TOI)  TIMES OF ISRAEL -- Military authorities have arrested five Israeli soldiers accused of accepting bribes to allow Palestinians illegally enter Israel, reports the Times of Israel.   One officer in the Israeli military police was arrested on Tuesday, reported the Jersualem Post. Four of his soldiers were reportedly arrested in late January for taking bribes.   All five worked at the Te'enim checkpoint between Israel and the West Bank, close to the town of Tulkarem.   They are accused of accepting cash and drugs from an Israel Arab man in exchange for allowing Palestinians without permits to enter the nation. The Arab, who was also arrested, is suspected of leading a human-smuggling operation.   The investigation was reportedly made by civilian police and military police and included six months of undercover work.  
  Item Number:8 Date: 02/08/2017 IVORY COAST - SPECIAL OPS TROOPS SEIZE LOCAL TOWN, DEMAND BONUSES (FEB 08/F24)  FRANCE 24 -- Special operations troops in Ivory Coast have taken control of a nearby town in an apparent mutiny, reports France 24.   The troops, firing weapons in the air, poured out of a military base into the southeastern town of Adiake, reported the Voice of America News. The base is used to train commandos and provide coastal surveillance.   Schools and businesses in the town were reportedly closed.   The soldiers are demanding a pay bonus, said a military source. A delegation from the chief of staff's office was flown to the base to negotiate, reported the BBC.   Other troops, mainly former rebels, also mutinied earlier this year over pay. The Ivorian government agreed to pay about US$19,000 each to 8,500 mutineers
  Item Number:9 Date: 02/08/2017 JAPAN - CHINESE VESSELS ENTER DISPUTED WATERS; MOVE FOLLOWS U.S. PLEDGE TO DEFEND ISLANDS CONTROLLED BY JAPAN (FEB 08/FN)  FOX NEWS -- China sent three coast guard vessels close to disputed islands on Monday following a visit to Japan by U.S. Defense Secretary James Mattis, reports Fox News. Both Japanese and Chinese authorities confirmed the actions.   Japan calls the islands Senkaku; China (and Taiwan) call them the Diaoyu.   On Monday, the Haijing-class patrol boats, with the hull numbers 2302, 2305 and 2501, sailed within Japanese territorial waters around 12 nm (22 km) off the islands in the East China Sea, said a U.S. defense official.   When Mattis was in Tokyo on Saturday, he reaffirmed the U.S. commitment to protect Japanese territory and its disputed islands, noted CNN.   Mattis also called for all regional territorial disputes to be handled peacefully. He made those comments during a press conference with his Japanese counterpart, Tomomi Inada.   Chinese government ships intruded in Japanese waters at least 34 times in 2016, noted the Japan Times
  Item Number:10 Date: 02/08/2017 JAPAN - N. KOREAN THREAT HAS TOKYO LOOKING FOR OFFENSIVE COUNTERS (FEB 08/NAR)  NIKKEI ASIAN REVIEW -- The Japanese government is studying potential options to counter what it sees as the growing threat from North Korea, reports the Nikkei Asian Review (Tokyo).   Tokyo is considering enhancing its offensive capabilities, including deploying the stealthy F-35A Lightning II fighter later this year, say officials.   The F-35 will also need to be equipped with the necessary weapons before it could effectively conduct offensive operations, according to experts.   According to Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, Japan's constitution permits it to attack enemy bases. However, the Self-Defense Forces are still building up the necessary capabilities.   Another potential threat is North Korean ballistic missiles. Pyongyang test-fired more than 20 of the weapons last year and may soon launch its first intercontinental ballistic missile.   Japan's existing missile defenses may not be capable of fully protecting the nation against the threat, say analysts. In such a case, offensive capabilities to eliminate missile launchers and other threats may be necessary
  Item Number:11 Date: 02/08/2017 LATVIA - AMERICAN ARMORED PERSONNEL START 9-MONTH ROTATION AT CAMP ADAZI (FEB 08/ANS)  ARMY NEWS SERVICE -- The 1st Battalion, 68th Armor Regiment, 3rd Armored Brigade, 4th Infantry Division, Fort Carson, Colo., are now at Camp Adazi, Latvia, for a nine-month rotation, reports the Army News Service.   The armored unit replaces the 2nd Battalion, 503rd Infantry Regiment, 173rd Airborne Brigade, as part of Operation Atlantic Resolve intended to demonstrate the U.S. commitment to European security.   About 200 of the 1-68 arrived on Feb. 5 and began preparations for a combined arms live-fire exercise with Latvian forces in the next few months. The tanks and other military equipment are being prepared to be sent by rail from Poland, reported Latvia's LSM public broadcasting service.   During the deployment, the unit will work to enhance interoperability with Latvian troops in areas such as small weapon systems, communications and command-and-control.  
  Item Number:12 Date: 02/08/2017 NIGERIA - BOKO HARAM BLAMED FOR ATTACKING MILITARY BASE, BURNING DOWN COMMUNITY IN YOBE (FEB 08/DTRUST)  DAILY TRUST -- Boko Haram is believed responsible for Monday's attack on a military base and razing of the town of Sasawa in Nigeria's northeastern Yobe state, reports the Daily Trust (Abuja).   Locals said the attack occurred around 6:00 p.m., local time. Militants reportedly stormed the village in three Hilux vans and two motorcycles, driving off the soldiers in the area.   The town of Sasawa was burned down and three security vehicles were captured by the Boko Haram fighters, said an unnamed source who escaped from the town.   The lack of communications has been hindering reporting
Item Number:13 Date: 02/08/2017 NIGERIA - PIRATES ATTACK CARGO SHIP IN GULF OF GUINEA, KIDNAP 8 RUSSIAN, UKRAINIAN MARINERS (FEB 08/SPUTNIK)  SPUTNIK -- The Foreign Ministry in Russia has confirmed that eight people were kidnapped after a pirate attack over the weekend off Nigerian territorial waters, reports Russia's Sputnik news agency.   The BBC Caribbean cargo vessel was attacked in the Gulf of Guinea on Feb. 5, said the ministry on Wednesday. Seven Russian citizens and one Ukrainian were taken.   The attack took place close to an oil terminal in the Niger Delta region, reported the Maritime Herald on Tuesday.   The Russian Embassy in Abuja said it was "now taking all the necessary steps to establish" the whereabouts of those kidnapped.  
  Item Number:14 Date: 02/08/2017 SOUTH AFRICA - OPPOSITION RAILS AT PRESIDENT'S DEPLOYMENT OF 440 SOLDIERS FOR CEREMONY TO OPEN PARLIAMENT (FEB 08/NEWS24)  NEWS24 -- Angering opposition lawmakers in South Africa, President Jacob Zuma has authorized the deployment of about 440 troops for his annual state of the nation address, reports News24 (South Africa).   The soldiers are supposed to help about 6,000 police to "maintain law and order" at the speech, which is scheduled for Thursday in Parliament, noted the Times (Johannesburg).   After winning seats in 2014, members of the Economic Freedom Fighters' (EFF) party have disrupted the annual speech, accusing the president of corruption. EFF members were removed from the address in 2015 by security guards disguised as waiters, noted the BBC.   Soldiers previously had just a ceremonial capacity role for the event.   Opposition parties, including the main opposition Democratic Alliance, criticized the move, calling it a "declaration of war" and "deeply concerning."  
  Item Number:15 Date: 02/08/2017 SYRIA - AIRSTRIKES KILL MORE THAN 2 DOZEN IN REBEL-HELD IDLIB; KREMLIN DENIES INVOLVEMENT (FEB 08/ALJAZ)  AL JAZEERA -- A series of airstrikes on the rebel-held city of Idlib in northwestern Syria have killed at least 26 people, reports Al Jazeera (Qatar).   Casualty reports varied. The Civil Defense volunteer rescue organization said that 15 people were killed and 30 were wounded. Reuters reported that at least 30 had died in the attacks.   Ten civilians, mostly women, were among those killed, according to the U.K.-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.   The observatory said that the airstrikes, some of the heaviest in the region in months, were likely conducted by Russian fighters or the U.S.-led coalition.   Witnesses said the damage bore the hallmarks of a Russian attack.   The Russian Defense Ministry later denied that its aircraft hit Idlib, according to Russia's Tass news agency
  Item Number:16 Date: 02/08/2017 SYRIA - ISLAMIC STATE'S AL-BAB NOW SURROUNDED BY TURKS, ALLIED REBELS (FEB 08/MIDEEYE)  MIDDLE EAST EYE -- Turkish troops and their allied Syrian rebels are tightening the noose around the Islamic State-held city of al-Bab, reports the Middle East Eye.   Ankara-backed Free Syrian Army rebels gained control of strategic hills around the city overnight on Tuesday, said Turkey's military.   Fifty-eight ISIS militants were reported killed in airstrikes, artillery fire and fighting. Two Turkish soldiers were killed and 15 wounded, said the military.   The rebels and Turkish forces hold the western outskirts of al-Bab, said a rebel official.   On Wednesday, Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said that the next target would be Raqqa, the de facto capital of ISIS.   The U.S.-backed Syrian Defense Forces have been operating against Raqqa since 2016. Ankara views the largest group within the SDF, the Kurdish People's Protection Unit (YPG), as a terrorist group
  Item Number:17 Date: 02/08/2017 UKRAINE - BOMB BLAST KILLS SEPARATIST COMMANDER IN DONETSK (FEB 08/RFE/RL)  RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY -- Russian-backed separatists in eastern Ukraine say one of their prominent commanders has been assassinated, reports Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.   Mikhail Tolstykh, better known by his nom de guerre Givi, was killed Wednesday morning in bomb blast in his office in the separatist-held city of Donetsk, said his associates.   Givi was a leader in the battle against Ukrainian government forces for Donetsk's airport in 2014 and 2015.   The separatists called the killing "a continuation of the terrorist war launched by the Kiev authorities" against those living in eastern Ukraine.   On Saturday, the "defense minister" of the "Luhansk People's Republic" in the east was killed by a bomb explosion in Luhansk. The rebels blamed Kiev for that death, noted the BBC.  
  Item Number:18 Date: 02/08/2017 USA - EXPEDITIONARY FAST TRANSPORT COMPLETES ACCEPTANCE TRIALS (FEB 08/NAVSEA)  NAVAL SEA SYSTEMS COMMAND -- The U.S. Navy has concluded successful acceptance trials for its newest Spearhead-class expeditionary fast transport, reports the U.S. Naval Sea Systems Command.   The future USNS Yuma (EPF-8), constructed by Austal USA, concluded two days of testing in the Gulf of Mexico on Jan. 26, the command reported on Monday.   The trials covered dockside and underway evolutions to determine that the ship met all criteria needed for final acceptance by the Navy.   The Spearhead-class transports are designed to operate in shallow-draft ports and waterways and provide additional flexibility for a variety of missions, including maneuver and sustainment; disaster relief; logistics support; and rapid transport.  
Item Number:19 Date: 02/08/2017 YEMEN - BACKLASH OVER U.S. RAID HAS YEMENIS THINKING TWICE; OFFICIALS SAY PERMISSION WAS NOT WITHDRAWN FOR FUTURE GROUND OPS (FEB 08/NYT)  NEW YORK TIMES -- The Yemeni government reportedly asked the U.S. to stop ground operations in its territory unless they had been approved, say U.S. officials cited by the New York Times.   After the story appeared, a senior Yemeni official told Reuters that the account was erroneous.   A U.S. special operations mission against Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula on Jan. 29 in Yemen's Shabwah province left one U.S. Navy SEAL dead along with Yemeni civilians.   According to the Times account on Tuesday, Yemen pulled its permission allowing the United States to carry out special operations ground missions against terrorist groups.   Yemeni defense officials cited by CNN said on Wednesday that operations would require the approval of the Yemeni government. "The green light the U.S. had for conducting ground missions is now red," said one official.   The move does not apply to U.S. drone attacks or affect U.S. military advisers supporting Yemeni and United Arab Emirates forces in the country.   Yemeni officials on Wednesday said the original account was wrong, denying that permission had been pulled. However, one official told Reuters, "we made clear our reservations about the last operation."  
  Item Number:20 Date: 02/08/2017 YEMEN - FOLLOWING BATTLES WITH HOUTHIS, PRO-GOVERNMENT FORCES SAY THEY HOLD MOKHA ON RED SEA COAST (FEB 08/AL ARABIYA)  AL ARABIYA -- Forces allied to Yemeni President Abd-Rabbi Mansour Hadi claim to have taken complete control of the strategic city of Mokha from Houthi rebels, reports Al Arabiya (Dubai).   The pro-government forces, backed by fighter jets and Apache attack helicopters from the Saudi-led coalition, took the port and other areas, and said they had full control, reported United Arab Emirates news agency WAM.   WAM reported that government forces were still battling rebel remnants in the northern and western outskirts of the city. A large unspecified number of Houthi fighters were reportedly killed or taken prisoner.   This paves the way for an advance on the port of Hodeidah, about 115 miles north, noted Reuters.   Pro-government forces first claimed Mokha in late January.


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