Thursday, December 29, 2016

Fw: TheList 4350

The List 4350
To All,
I hope your week has been going well. Almost time to start learning to write a legible 7.
This Day In Naval History - December 29
1798 - First annual report by Secretary of the Navy, sent by Benjamin
1812 - USS Constitution (Captain William Bainbridge) captures HMS Java off
Brazil after a three hour battle.  the second British frigate captured by Constitution in six months, during the War of 1812.
1943 - USS Silversides (SS-236) sinks three Japanese ships and damages a
fourth off Palau.
·         December 29
Thomas Becket, the archbishop of Canterbury, is murdered in Canterbury Cathedral by four knights of Henry II.
Indian chief Powhatan spares John Smith's life after the pleas of his daughter Pocahontas.
British troops, attempting a new strategy to defeat the colonials in America, capture Savannah.
Texas (comprised of the present state of Texas and part of New Mexico, Colorado, and Wyoming) is admitted as the 28th state of the Union, with the provision that the area (389,166 square miles) should be divided into no more than five states "of convenient size."
Gas lighting is installed in the White House.
Union General William T. Sherman's troops try to gain the north side of Vicksburg in the Battle of Chickasaw Bluffs.
The last major conflict of the Indian wars takes place at Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota after Colonel James W. Forsyth of the 7th Cavalry tries to disarm Chief Big Foot and his followers.
The production of Belgian newspapers is halted to protest German censorship.
Sears Roebuck president Julius Rosenwald pledges $20 million of his personal fortune to help Sears through hard times.
Germany and Italy sign an arbitration treaty.
Japan formally denounces Washington Naval Treaty of 1922.
In a radio interview, President Roosevelt proclaims the United States to be the "arsenal of democracy."
London suffers its most devastating air raid when Germans firebomb the city on the evening of December 29.
Tito declares Yugoslavia will follow its own path to Communism.
President Dwight Eisenhower asks Congress for the authority to oppose Soviet aggression in the Middle East.
A Christmas truce is observed in Vietnam, while President Johnson tries to get the North Vietnamese to the bargaining table.
President Ronald Reagan curtails Soviet trade in reprisal for its harsh policies on Poland.
* Bill Bennett's The American Patriot's Daily Almanac
The Meaning of the Flag
On December 28, 1945, Congress made the Pledge of Allegiance the official national pledge to the U.S. flag. Noted clergyman Henry Ward Beecher (1813–87) reminded us what our flag means:
If one asks the meaning of our flag, I say it means just what Concord and Lexington meant, what Bunker Hill meant. It means the whole glorious Revolutionary War. It means all that the Declaration of Independence meant. It means all that the Constitution of our people, organizing for justice, for liberty, and for happiness, meant.
Under this banner rode Washington and his armies. . . . It waved on the highlands at West Point. . . . This banner streamed in light over the soldiers' heads at Valley Forge. . . . It crossed the waters rolling with ice at Trenton. . . .
Our flag carries American ideas, American history, and American feelings. Beginning with the colonies, and coming down to our time, in its sacred heraldry, in its glorious insignia, it has gathered and stored chiefly this supreme idea: Divine right of liberty in man. Every color means liberty. Every thread means liberty. Every form of star and beam or stripe of light means liberty. Not lawlessness, not license, but organized, institutional liberty— liberty through law, and laws for liberty.
This American flag was the safeguard of liberty. Not an atom of crown was allowed to go into its insignia. Not a symbol of authority in the ruler was permitted to go into it. It was an ordinance of liberty by the people, for the people. That it meant, that it means, and, by the blessing of God, that it shall mean to the end of time.
Thanks to Carl…..There are many great stories and history in this article including the part of the tale of Bill Crawford that I never saw before. Real American Heros.
(Read the two links in the last paragraph!)
December 29, 2016
A warrior's tale to make you feel good
I've been meaning to write about this for a couple of months after it first turned up in an emailed newsletter from a veterans' group, Together We Served, of which I'm a member, but all the election and political hoopla kept diverting my attention.  Even so, throughout the approaching Christmas season, my mind kept returning to this wonderful story and the life lessons it taught a squadron of America's finest young future leaders and how those same lessons can benefit us all.  Now, as we approach the New Year and many of us make resolutions, it is a certainty that you can find inspiration for at least a couple in this story.
In the TWS newsletter Dispatches, Col. James Moschgat, USAF retired, recounts that while a cadet at the Air Force Academy in the 1970s, his and his fellow cadets' barracks were kept spic-and-span clean by a nondescript old janitor, Bill, who went about his work quietly and efficiently, attracting little attention from the busy young men whose living quarters he maintained.  His was a life of just getting by, while theirs were just getting started and aiming high, so there was little to be exchanged between shy old Bill Crawford and these youthful cadets beyond quick "good mornings" and other impersonal greetings made in brief encounters.
That all changed one weekend in 1976, when Cadet Moschgat was reading a history of WWII and came across an account that stunned him of a battle in Italy.  I'll let him tell it:
On September 13, 1943, a Pvt. William Crawford from Colorado, assigned to the 36th Infantry Division, had been involved in some bloody fighting on Hill 424 near Altavilla, Italy.

"William Crawford's Medal of Honor Citation."

The words on the page leapt out at me, "in the face of intense and overwhelming hostile fire... with no regard for personal safety... on his own initiative, Private Crawford single-handedly attacked fortified enemy positions." It continued, "For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty, the President of the United States..."

"Holy cow," I said to my roommate, "you're not going to believe this, but I think our janitor is a Medal of Honor recipient." We all knew Mr. Crawford was a World War II Army vet, but that didn't keep my friend from looking at me as if I was some sort of alien being. Nonetheless, we couldn't wait to ask Bill about the story.
This, of course, they did, and laconic old Bill confessed, "Yep, that's me."  For the rest of this very emotion-filled and heartwarming story, you really do need to click here to read Colonel Moschgat's account at Together We Served.  I promise you that it will make your day better just reading how those cadets changed in their interactions with Bill Crawford.  There are a couple of great pics of Bill and some excellent leadership guidelines listed by Col. Moschgat that this experience instilled in him as a future Air Force officer.  And if you click on the colonel's link to, there is an additional surprise to this story.
Thanks to Robert.      Great flying scenes and surprise ending for most.
Here's an interesting short video sent to me by a fellow Vietnam veteran who was a navy pilot during the war.......A surprising twist at the end with a piece of little known history about WW2......Enjoy.....Happy New Year to all.....
Aviation History: McDonnell FH Phantom – First Carrier Based Jet Aircraft

(We have known for a long time that Snopes was liberal but you should read this short article to get some true facts about the fact checkers!!  BTW, the author is Dr Mercola's wife.)

Forbes does Damning Piece on Snopes After they are Exposed for "Fraud and Embezzlement"

The story starts off typical enough and states how Snopes is so well trusted by doctors and experts- the usual mumbo jumbo. But then, it takes a swift turn. Forbes doesn't just question Snopes- they go much further- especially after receiving Snopes' replies. The writer seemed to finally understand that the Snopes folks aren't the gods of truth, even though they've anointed themselves as such.
The author admitted that he once thought Snopes was so awesome and accurate, but no longer.
I love it that after blindly trusting Snopes for years, even Forbes journalists can (duhhh) see the light!
Item Number:1 Date: 12/29/2016 BURKINA FASO - FOLLOWING RECENT ATTACKS, PRESIDENT REPLACES ARMY CHIEF OF STAFF (DEC 29/REU)  REUTERS -- The army chief of Burkina Faso has been fired following a series of deadly militant attacks, reports Reuters.   President Roch Kabore replaced Gen. Pingrenoma Zagre, the army chief of staff, on Wednesday with Sadou Oumarou, the former inspector general of the armed forces, said a government statement.   No official reason was given for the shakeup. Military sources said the decision was related to recent militant attacks near the northern border with Mali.   In one incident this month, 12 members of the army's special anti-terrorist group were killed.  
  Item Number:2 Date: 12/29/2016 CHINA - COMMUNIST PARTY OFFICE TARGETED IN DEADLY XINJIANG ATTACK (DEC 29/SCMP)  SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST -- An apparent terrorist attack in China's Xinjiang province has left at least five people dead, reports the South China Morning Post.   Three or four attackers drove a car into the yard of the local Communist Party committee in Karakax county before detonating homemade explosives, according to a Xinjiang government news portal.   Police shot and killed the attackers.   Casualties and the number of attackers have been reported variously. One account said three attackers, a government official and a security worker were killed and three others injured.   The predominately Muslim Uighur province has seen years of unrest. Authorities often blame the violence on Islamist militants, noted the BBC
Item Number:3 Date: 12/29/2016 CHINA - NEW VERSION OF J-31 STEALTH FIGHTER TAKES TO THE AIR (DEC 29/CD)  CHINA DAILY -- China's military has been testing a new version of its fifth-generation stealth fighter jet, reports the state-run China Daily.   Chinese defense websites last week published footage of the FC-31 Gyrfalcon fighter aircraft in flight, reported Flight Global.   The aircraft appears to be a second prototype of the FC-31, note IHS Jane's Defence Weekly.   The aircraft flew for the first time on Dec. 23 at an airfield in Shenyang belonging to the Shenyang Aircraft Corp., which is part of the Aviation Industry Corp. of China (AVIC), an unnamed source told China Daily.   The new aircraft appears to have better stealth capabilities, improved electronic equipment and a large payload, with changes to the airframe, wings and vertical tails, said one observer.   Described as an export fighter by AVIC, each FC-31 could cost about US$70 million, perhaps half of the U.S. F-35, said one expert.  
Item Number:4 Date: 12/29/2016 COLOMBIA - NEW AMNESTY MEASURE FREES FARC GUERRILLAS FROM PROSECUTION FOR MINOR CRIMES (DEC 29/DEWELLE)  DEUTSCHE WELLE -- Colombian lawmakers have approved an amnesty law protecting some members of the FARC guerrilla group from prosecution, reports Deutsche Welle.   On Wednesday, both houses passed a bill that frees FARC fighters from being prosecuted for minor crimes committed during the 52-year conflict.   The measure also applies to members of the military.   Rebels found guilty of serious crimes such as massacres, sexual violence and kidnapping are not included. A special court will cover those crimes.   The amnesty is a key part of a new peace agreement signed between the government and the FARC. The initial peace deal was rejected by Colombian voters.   Opposition members from the Democratic Center Party, who vociferously opposed the bill, abstained, noted the Guardian (U.K
Item Number:5 Date: 12/29/2016 FINLAND - ALL 62 HORNETS HAVE NOW COMPLETED MIDLIFE UPDATES (DEC 29/PATRIA)  PATRIA INDUSTRIES -- Finnish defense firm Patria has announced the delivery of the final upgraded F/A-18 Hornet fighter jet to Finland's air force.   The last aircraft upgraded to mid-life upgrade 2 (MLU 2) was handed over on Dec. 9, said a Patria release on Dec. 22.   The MLU 2 upgrade included new hardware and system installations and changes required for air-to-ground weapons, say company officials.   Upgrades on Finland's 62 F/A-18s began in 2012. The first system upgrade (MLU 1) was also completed by Patria between 2006 and 2010
  Item Number:6 Date: 12/29/2016 FRANCE - MARSEILLE POLICE OFFICERS HOLD UP CARRIER WHEN THEY GET STUCK ON U.S. SHIP (DEC 29/USNIN)  USNI NEWS -- Three French police officers accidentally shipped out with a U.S. Navy aircraft carrier after the ship made a port call in Marseille last week, reports USNI News.   The policemen were on the Dwight D. Eisenhower when it left Marseille on Dec. 20 for the U.S. after a seven-month deployment fighting the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, said a U.S. Navy official last week.   The police were invited by the crew, reported Quest France. However, they did not get off in time.   The officers were providing security while the Ike was in port. They were credentialed, but tried to get a last-minute tour while they were off duty, said one source.   The carrier was stopped when the accidental stowaways were found. It delayed matters another hour to get a tug to bring the officers to shore, noted the Local (France).   The three officers "will be subject to disciplinary sanctions," said a local French security official
Item Number:7 Date: 12/29/2016 INDIA - MILITARY'S TEST OF AGNI-V ICBM PROMPTS CRITICISM FROM BEIJING (DEC 29/NDTV)  NDTV -- An Indian missile test earlier this week has elicited comments from China, notes NDTV (New Delhi).   India's military said on Monday that it had successfully tested a nuclear-capable intercontinental ballistic missile, reports the Press Trust of India.   The Agni-V missile was test-fired on Monday from a firing range on Wheeler Island off the coast of Odisha, said the military.   The missile has a range of more than 5,000 km (3,100 miles) and can hit northern regions of China. It was launched from canister loaded on a road-mobile truck before landing close to Australian waters.   This is the fourth and final test of the Agni-V. Two user trials will be conducted before the missile can be produced in numbers for induction, reported the Times of India.   On Tuesday, China's Foreign Ministry said it would bring up India's ballistic missile development at a U.N. Security Council meeting, reported UPI.   "The U.N. Security Council has explicit regulations on whether India can develop ballistic missiles capable of carrying nuclear weapons," said a ministry spokesman.   Beijing also insisted that the nations are not rivals but partners, disputing multiple reports.   India then responded that its strategic capabilities were not directed at any particular country
Item Number:8 Date: 12/29/2016 IRAN - AIR DEFENSE DRILL OFF-LIMITS TO FOREIGNERS, WARN OFFICIALS (DEC 29/TASNIM)  TASNIM NEWS AGENCY -- Iranian military officials have warned U.S. Navy and other foreign aircraft to stay clear of national airspace close to large-scale exercises, reports the Tasnim news agency (Iran).   Air defense drills began on Monday in Iran's southern regions, mainly in the provinces of Hormozgan, Bushehr and Khuzestan, say Iranian officials. More than 17,000 personnel are said to be taking part.   The drills are called Defenders of Velayat Skies 7.   Over the first two days, Iran's air defense warned 12 aircraft belonging to several regional counties, said an Iranian military spokesman on Wednesday.   Several of the fighter jets and drones belonged to the U.S. Navy, he said.   Foreign aircraft should "know their limits and know that we will take action in less than one second," said a top air defense officer, as quoted by UPI.  
 Item Number:9 Date: 12/29/2016 IRAQ - TROOPS KICK OFF 2ND PHASE OF OFFENSIVE AGAINST ISIS IN MOSUL (DEC 29/REU)  REUTERS -- Iraqi government forces have started the second phase of their offensive against eastern portions of the Islamic State-held city of Mosul, reports Reuters.   Counterterror forces have gained control of about a quarter of the city since the operation began nine weeks ago.   There was a planned "operational refit" earlier this month. During the pause, federal police forces and Iraqi Interior Ministry's elite rapid-response units were moved to eastern parts of Mosul from the south, said government officials.   On Thursday, Iraqi security forces began pushing into Mosul's east and southeast, reported the Washington Post.   The military's counterterror force is going after the Karama and Quds neighborhoods, said a commander. As of Thursday, Iraqi troops were less than 2 miles from the Tigris River, he said.   Meanwhile, a spokesman for Iraq's federal police said their personnel were advancing in 10 neighborhoods in Mosul's southeast.  
  Item Number:10 Date: 12/29/2016 JAPAN - OKINAWA GOVERNOR TO CONTINUE HIS RESISTANCE ON U.S. MILITARY RUNWAY (DEC 29/MIL)  MILITARY.COM -- Japanese officials say work has resumed on a controversial U.S. Marine Corps runway on Okinawa, reports   The central government in Tokyo has supported the building on a U.S. Marine Corps base in the less-populated area of Nago. The existing Marine Corps Air Station Futenma in Ginowan is near a crowded residential area.   Okinawa Gov. Takeshi Onaga wants the base off the island entirely. While the governor of Okinawa often calls it a new base, it is actually the extension of an existing base, notes Stars and Stripes.   Earlier this month, Japan's Supreme Court and retracted a cancellation order on a landfill permit, which was issued by his predecessor.   Workers began resetting floats around the construction area on Tuesday, said local defense officials.   The governor has vowed to keep trying to block or delay the project, including rejecting various permits.  
  Item Number:11 Date: 12/29/2016 KUWAIT - U.S. STATE DEPT. OKS DEAL FOR MUNITION TAIL KITS (DEC 29/DSCA)  U.S. DEFENSE SECURITY COOPERATION AGENCY -- The U.S. State Dept. has approved the potential Foreign Military Sale of Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM) tail kits to Kuwait, reports the U.S. Defense Security Cooperation Agency.   The proposed US$37 million deal covers 750 JDAM tail kits, including 250 for 500-lb bombs, 250 for 1,000-lb bombs and 250 for 2,000-pound bombs, according to a DSCA release on Dec. 23.   If Congress goes along with the deal, the sale would also cover two 500-lb and two 2,000-lb trainers spares, support equipment and other logistical support.   The potential deal would help Kuwait deter regional threats and strengthen its homeland defense, said the agency
  Item Number:12 Date: 12/29/2016 NIGERIA - BOKO HARAM LEADER SURFACES IN NEW VIDEO, VOWS TO FIGHT UNTIL 'ISLAMIC CALIPHATE' IS CREATED (DEC 29/GUARDIAN)  GUARDIAN -- The leader of Boko Haram has appeared in a new video to debunk the Nigerian government's claim that the militant group has been beaten and forced to retreat from its forest stronghold, reported the Guardian daily paper published in Lagos.   Last week, Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari said Boko Haram had been defeated and driven from the Sambisa Forest.   Group leader Abubaker Shekau appeared in a 25-minute video on Thursday saying that the group was safe. Flanked with fighters, he said the video had been filmed on Christmas Day.   "We have not been flushed out of anywhere. And tactics and strategies cannot reveal our location except if Allah wills by his decree," he said.   Shekau last appeared in a September video after the Nigerian military claimed that he had been wounded. His death has been erroneously reported on numerous occasions.   The leader vowed to continue fighting until an "Islamic Caliphate" was imposed on northern Nigeria.  
Item Number:13 Date: 12/29/2016 PHILIPPINES - BLASTS INJURES MORE THAN 30 AT BOXING MATCH IN LEYTE PROVINCE (DEC 29/ANADOLU)  ANADOLU NEWS AGENCY -- A bombing at an amateur boxing match in the central Philippines has injured 33 people, reports the Anadolu Agency (Turkey), citing local government and police officials.   The blast took place Wednesday during holiday festivities in Hilongos in Leyte province, said government officials.   Two bombs were remotely detonated by cell phone, said police cited by the International Business Times. A 81-mm mortar round was reportedly recovered.   There was no immediate claim of responsibility.   This is the second recent attack on a public place by unknown attackers. A grenade explosion outside a Catholic church on Christmas Eve injured 16 people on the southern island of Mindanao.  
  Item Number:14 Date: 12/29/2016 SAUDI ARABIA - 2,093 SAUDIS HAVE JOINED TERRORIST GROUPS ABROAD, ACKNOWLEDGES OFFICIAL (DEC 29/GULF)  GULF NEWS -- The Saudi government says more than 2,000 Saudis are fighting for extremist groups around the world, reports Gulf News (Dubai).   A spokesman for the Interior Ministry told the pan-Arab Al-Hayat newspaper (London) on Monday that 2,093 Saudis had signed up with various terrorist groups.   There are 1,540 Saudis fighting alsongside terror groups in Syria; 147 in Yemen; 31 in Afghanistan and Pakistan; and five in Iraq, said the spokesman.   The whereabouts of the remaining 297 were unknown, he said.   The number of Saudis in the Islamic State "are fewer than what most of us would imagine," he said, as quoted by the Middle East Eye.  
  Item Number:15 Date: 12/29/2016 SYRIA - COALITION AIRSTRIKES KILLS SENIOR ISIS COMMANDER NEAR RAQQA, CONFIRMS U.S. MILITARY (DEC 29/MEM)  MIDDLE EAST MONITOR -- A spokesman for the U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM) has confirmed the death of a senior Islamic State militant in a coalition airstrike, reports the Middle East Monitor.   Abu Jandal al-Kuwaiti was killed Monday in an airstrike near Tabqa Dam in Syria, close to the de facto ISIS capital of Raqqa, said CENTCOM on Thursday.   Al-Kuwaiti's death was earlier reported by the U.K.-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. The monitoring group described him as the "number two military commander for ISIS in Syria."   Al-Kuwaiti was considered key to the terrorist group's recent victory against Syrian government forces in Palmyra.   The terror leader was also involved in the use of chemical weapons, suicide vehicles and improved explosive devices against the U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces, said a CENTCOM statement.  
  Item Number:16 Date: 12/29/2016 SYRIA - GOVERNMENT, OPPOSITION AGREE TO NEW CEASE-FIRE; AGREEMENT BACKED BY RUSSIA, TURKEY (DEC 29/WP)  WASHINGTON POST -- The Syrian government has announced a nationwide cease-fire, reports the Washington Post.   The truce will begin at midnight on Thursday, said the Syrian army in a statement carried by the state news agency SANA.   The cease-fire will cover all opposition groups except for terrorist organizations including the Islamic State and Jabhat Fatah al-Sham (formerly Al-Qaida affiliate Nusra Front).   Turkey's Foreign Ministry announced on Thursday that Ankara and Moscow would act as guarantors of the cease-fire. Russian President Vladimir Putin also announced the deal on Thursday, noted Fox News.   Putin said that Syrian opposition groups and the Syrian government had signed a number of documents covering the cease-fire agreement, monitoring measures and a statement on the readiness to start peace talks.   Moscow agreed to reduce its military deployment in Syria, said Putin.   Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said President-elect Trump's administration is welcome to join the peace process when he takes office
Item Number:17 Date: 12/29/2016 USA - 2 PILOTS DIE IN CRASH OF NATIONAL GUARD HELICOPTER IN GALVESTON BAY (DEC 29/HC)  HOUSTON CHRONICLE -- Two Texas Army National Guard pilots have been killed when their Apache gunship went down in Galveston Bay, reports the Houston Chronicle, citing Guard officials.   The AH-64 helicopter, based at Ellington Field in Houston, crashed Wednesday afternoon near the Bayport Terminal in during a routine training mission, confirmed Guard officials, as reported by the KHOU station.   The aircraft and the pilots were part of the 1-149 Attack Reconnaissance Battalion.   The bodies of the pilots were recovered by U.S. Coast Guard divers.   The U.S. Army has opened an investigation into the incident
Item Number:18 Date: 12/29/2016 USA - AUSTAL DELIVERS FUTURE USS GABRIELLE GIFFORDS TO NAVY (DEC 29/NAVY)  U.S. NAVY -- The U.S. Navy has taken delivery of its ninth littoral combat ship (LCS) at an Alabama shipyard.   The future USS Gabrielle Giffords (LCS-10) was delivered during a ceremony on Dec. 23, according to a Navy statement released on Tuesday.   The LCS-10 is the fifth Independence-class variant built by Austal in Mobile, Ala.   The littoral ship is to be commissioned in 2017 in Galveston, Texas.   After that, the Giffords will be homeported in San Diego, joining Independence, Freedom, Fort Worth, Coronado, Jackson and Montgomery
Item Number:19 Date: 12/29/2016 USA - PENTAGON AWARDS $1.4 BILLION PAC-3 CONTRACT FOR 5 FOREIGN MILITARIES, U.S. ARMY (DEC 29/DOD)  DEPT. OF DEFENSE -- The U.S. Army has awarded Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control, Grand Prairie, Texas, a Foreign Military Sales contract for Patriot Advanced Capability-3 (PAC-3) missiles and PAC-3 Missile Segment Enhancement (PAC-3 MSE), reports the Dept. of Defense.   The US$1.4 billion contract includes PAC-3 and PAC-3 MSE deliveries for the U.S. Army and Qatar, according to a Pentagon announcement on Dec. 22.   Taiwan, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia and South Korea will also receive PAC-3 interceptors and launcher modification kits, according to a Lockheed release.   Work is expected to be complete by June 2020
Item Number:20 Date: 12/29/2016 ZAMBIA - PRESIDENT ORDERS MILITARY TO ASSIST IN FIGHT AGAINST ARMY WORMS AFFECTING FOOD SUPPLY (DEC 29/LUT)  LUSAKA TIMES -- Zambia's President Edgar Lunga has declared war on army worms that eat maize, reports the Lusaka Times.   Army worms, the larval stage of a type of moth, will eat more vegetation in an area, say government officials. The "army" then moves to the next food source. The worms have been spotted in maize fields in six of Zambia's 10 provinces, said the head of the Ministry of Agriculture, as cited by Reuters.   Maize is the nation's principal cash crop and staple food. Production rose to 2.87 million metric tons in the 2015-2016 season.   On Wednesday, President Lungu ordered the air force to join other government agencies and the Ministry of Agriculture to combat the pests.   Zambian air force aircraft have started airlifting pesticides to the most-affected provinces: Copperbelt, Muchinga, Northern and Eastern, said a presidential spokesman, as reported by Zambia Reports.


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