Tuesday, September 27, 2016

Fw: TheList 4277

The List 4277


To All
I hope you all had a great weekend.
Regards,
Skip
 
This Day in Naval History September 26
 
1781 - French fleet defeats British at Yorktown, VA
1910 - First recorded reference to provision for aviation in Navy Department organization
1918: After shepherding a convoy to the Irish Sea, while under the command of the U.S. Navy during World War I, Coast Guard cutter Tampa is steaming through the Bristol Channel when she is torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine UB-91. All those on board, 115 crew members and 16 passengers, are killed, resulting in the greatest combat-related loss of life suffered by the U.S. Naval forces during WWI.
 
1931 - Keel laying at Newport News, VA of USS Ranger (CV-4), first ship designed and constructed as an aircraft carrier
1963 - First steam-eject launch of Polaris missile at sea off Cape Canaveral, FL (now Cape Kennedy) from USS Observation Island (EAG-154)
 
On this day in history (September 26):
 
1962: "The Beverly Hillbillies" premiered. Oh those dreadful Clampetts!
1964: It began as a three hour tour, "Gilligan's Island" premiered.
1968: "Hawaii 5-0" debuts. Book 'em , Danno!
 
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Monday Morning Humor from Al
 
Submitted by Mark Logan:

Zen teachings…
Do not walk behind me, for I may not lead. Do not walk ahead of me, for I may not follow. Do not walk beside me for the path is narrow…In fact, just get lost and leave me alone.
Love making is like air. It's not that important unless you aren't getting any.
No one is listening until you pass gas.
Always remember you're unique. Just like everyone else.
Never test the depth of the water with both feet.
If you think nobody cares whether you're alive or dead, try missing a couple of mortgage payments.
Before you criticize someone, you should walk a mile in their shoes. That way, when you criticize them, you're a mile away and you have their shoes.
Give a man a fish and he will eat for a day. Teach him how to fish, and he will sit in a boat and drink beer all day.
If you lend someone $20 and never see that person again, it was probably well worth it.
If you tell the truth, you don't have to remember anything.
Some days you are the dog, some days you are the tree.
Good judgment comes from bad experience...and most of that comes from bad judgment.
A closed mouth gathers no foot.
There are two excellent theories for arguing with women. Neither one works.
Generally speaking, you aren't learning much when your lips are moving
Experience is something you don't get until just after you need it
We are born naked, wet and hungry, and get slapped on our behind...then things just keep getting worse.
Never, under any circumstances, take a sleeping pill and a laxative on the same night.



Submitted by Dave Harris:

Musings…
I want it all—and I would like it delivered. (attributed to Bette Midler)
I might wake up early and go running. I also might wake up and win the lottery. The odds are about the same.
I think my brain has too many tabs opened.
Some days you eat salads and go to the gym. Some days you eat cupcakes and refuse to put on pants. It's called balance.
I put some whiskey in my coffee because it's Ireland somewhere.
WalMart is closing 269 stores, putting 14 cashiers out of work.
I hate when I gain 10 pounds for a role and the realize I'm not an actress.
My boss said, "Dress for the job you want, not the job you have." Now I'm sitting in a disciplinary meeting dressed as Batman.
If your cup is only half full, you probably need a different bra.
Some things are better left undaid, which I generally realize right after I have said them.
I don't know what's longer—a microwave minute or a treadmill minute.
I always carry a knife in my purse. You know in case of cheesecake or something.
My head says 'gym' but my heart says 'tacos'.
Why don't I have any tattoos? For the same reason you don't put a bumper sticker on a Ferrari.
Accidentally went grocery shopping on an empty stomach and now I'm the proud owner of Aisle 4.



Submitted by Mike and Tana Harvey:

Confucius did not say......
Man who wants pretty nurse must be patient.
Passionate kiss, like spider web, leads to undoing of fly.
Lady who goes camping with man must beware of evil intent.
Man who leaps off cliff jumps to conclusion.
Man who runs in front of car gets tired, but man who runs behind car gets exhausted.
Man who eats many prunes get good run for money.
War does not determine who is right; it determines who is left.
Man who drives like hell is bound to get there.
Man who stands on toilet is high on pot.
Wise man does not keep sledge hammer and slow computer in same room.
Man who lives in glass house should change clothes in basement.
A lion will not cheat on his wife, but Tiger Wood!



Submitted by Skip Leonard:

Aphorisms 
The nicest thing about the future is…that it always starts tomorrow.
Money will buy a fine dog…but only kindness will make him wag his tail.
If you don't have a sense of humor…you probably don't have any sense at all.
Seat belts are not as confining…as wheelchairs.
A good time to keep your mouth shut is...when you're in deep water.
How come it takes so little time for a child who is afraid of the dark...to become a teenager who wants to stay out all night?
Business conventions are important...because they demonstrate how many people a company can operate without.
Why is it that at class reunions...you feel younger than everyone else looks?
Scratch a cat...and you will have a permanent job.
No one has more driving ambition than the teenage boy...who wants to buy a car.
There are no new sins...the old ones just get more publicity.
There are worse things than getting a call for a wrong number at 4 a.m…like, it could be the right number.
No one ever says "It's only a game"...when their team is winning.
I've reached the age where...'happy hour' is a nap.
Be careful about reading the fine print...there's no way you're going to like it.
The trouble with bucket seats is that...not everybody has the same size bucket.
Do you realize that, in about 40 years...we'll have thousands of old ladies running around with tattoos?
(and rap music will be the golden oldies!)
Money can't buy happiness...but somehow it's more comfortable to cry in a Cadillac than in a Yugo.
After 60, if you don't wake up aching in every joint...you're probably dead.
Always be yourself because the people that matter don't mind...and the ones that mind don't matter.
Life isn't tied with a bow...but it's still a gift.



Submitted by Ed Denker:

​Truisms…
Isn't it ironic that the colors red, white, and blue stand for freedom, unless they're flashing behind you.
Today a man knocked on my door and asked for a small donation towards the local swimming pool, so I gave him a glass of water.
I changed my password to "incorrect" so whenever I forget it the computer will say, "Your password is incorrect."
Artificial intelligence is no match for natural stupidity.
I'm great at multitasking I can waste time, be unproductive, and procrastinate all at once.
If you can smile when things go wrong, you've thought of someone to blame it on.
Never tell your problems to anyone, because 20 percent don't care and the other 80 percent are glad you have them.
Doesn't expecting the unexpected mean that the unexpected is actually expected?
Take my advice—I'm not using it.
I hate it when people use big words just to make themselves sound perspicacious.
Hospitality is the art of making guests feel like they're at home when you wish they were.
Television may insult your intelligence, but nothing rubs it in like a computer.
I bought a vacuum cleaner six months ago and so far all it's been doing is gathering dust.
Every time someone comes up with a foolproof solution, along comes a more talented fool.
I'll bet you $4,567 you can't guess how much I owe my bookie.
Behind every great man is a woman rolling her eyes.
If I had a dollar for every girl that found me unattractive, they'd eventually find me attractive.
If you keep your feet firmly on the ground, you'll have trouble putting your pants on.
A computer once beat me at chess, but it was no match for me at kick boxing.
Ever stop to think and forget to start again?
When I married Ms. Right, I had no idea her first name was Always.
My wife got 8 out of 10 on her driver's test the other two guys managed to jump out of her way.
There may be no excuse for laziness, but I'm still looking.
Women spend more time wondering what men are thinking than men spend thinking.
Give me ambiguity or give me something else.
He who laughs last thinks slowest.
Is it wrong that only one company makes the game Monopoly?
Women sometimes make fools of men, but most guys are the ​"​do it yourself ​"​ type.
I was going to give him a nasty look, but he already had one.
Change is inevitable, except from a vending machine.
The grass may be greener on the other side but at least you don't have to mow it.
I like long walks, especially when they're taken by people who annoy me.
I was going to wear my camouflage shirt today, but I couldn't find it.
Sometimes I wake up grumpy; other times I let her sleep.
If tomatoes are technically a fruit, is ketchup a smoothie?
Money is the root of all wealth.
No matter how much you push the envelope, it'll still be stationery.



Submitted by John Hudson:

I have questions…
If 4 out of 5 people SUFFER from diarrhea...does that mean that one out of five enjoys it?
Why do croutons come in airtight packages?  Aren't they just stale bread to begin with?
If people from Poland are called Poles, then why aren't people from Holland called Holes?
If a pig loses its voice, is it disgruntled?
Why is a person who plays the piano called a pianist, but a person who drives a racecar is not called a racist?
If it's true that we are here to help others, then what exactly are the others here for?
If lawyers are disbarred and clergymen defrocked, then doesn't it follow that electricians can be delighted, musicians denoted, cowboys deranged, models deposed, tree surgeons debarked, and dry cleaners depressed?
If Fed Ex and UPS were to merge, would they call it Fed UP? ?
Do Lipton Tea employees take 'coffee breaks?'
What hair color do they put on the driver's licenses of bald men?
I thought about how mothers feed their babies with tiny little spoons and forks, so I wondered what do Chinese mothers use...toothpicks?
Why do they put pictures of criminals up in the Post Office? What are we supposed to do, write to them? Why don't they just put their pictures on the postage stamps so the mailmen can look for them while they deliver the mail?
Is it true that you never really learn to swear well until you learn to drive?


Have a great week,
Al
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What Couldn't the F-4 Phantom Do?
A tribute to McDonnell's masterpiece fighter jet.
 
Air & Space Magazine | Subscribe 
March 2015
 
First, they tried an F-104. "Not enough wing or thrust," recalls Jack Petry, a retired U.S. Air Force colonel. When NASA engineers were launching rockets at Florida's Cape Canaveral in the 1960s, they needed pilots to fly close enough to film the missiles as they accelerated through Mach 1 at 35,000 feet. Petry was one of the chosen. And the preferred chase airplane was the McDonnell F-4 Phantom.
"Those two J79 engines made all the difference," says Petry. After a Mach 1.2 dive synched to the launch countdown, he "walked the [rocket's] contrail" up to the intercept, tweaking closing speed and updating mission control while camera pods mounted under each wing shot film at 900 frames per second. Matching velocity with a Titan rocket for 90 extreme seconds, the Phantom powered through the missile's thundering wash, then broke away as the rocket surged toward space. Of pacing a Titan II in a two-seat fighter, Petry says: "Absolutely beautiful. To see that massive thing in flight and be right there in the air with it—you can imagine the exhilaration." 
For nearly four decades of service in the U.S. military, the Phantom performed every combat task thrown at it—almost every mission ever defined.
"All we had to work with at the beginning was a gleam in the customer's eye," said James S. McDonnell of the Phantom's inception. In 1954, the ambitious founder of McDonnell Aircraft personally delivered to the Pentagon preliminary sketches based on the U.S. Navy's request for a twin-engine air superiority fighter. The Navy green-lighted McDonnell's concept, as well as a competing offer from Chance-Vought that updated the F8U Crusader.
In an area of McDonnell's St. Louis, Missouri factory known as the advanced design cage—a cluster of three desks and a few drafting boards partitioned off with drywall topped with chicken wire—just four engineers worked on the airplane that would propel naval aviation into the future. As the engineers worked, the Navy clarified its concept of air superiority: The service wanted a two-seat, high-altitude interceptor to neutralize the threat Soviet bombers posed to America's new fleet of Forrestal-class super-carriers. Now designated F4H-1, the project soon engulfed the entire resources of "McAir," as the company was known. By 1962, F-4 program manager David Lewis would be company president.
McDonnell's and the Navy's design philosophy assumed the next war, not the last. The F-4's rear cockpit was there for a backseater to handle what was sure to be a heavy information load. For the air-to-air encounters of tomorrow, gunnery was supplanted by radar-guided missiles. Though not strictly solid state, the airframe was stuffed with state of the art: Westinghouse radar, Raytheon missile fire control, advanced navigation systems, and an analog air-data computer. A network of onboard sensors extended nose to tail.
On the factory floor, integrating 30,000 electronic parts and 14 miles of wiring gave troubleshooters a fit—and job security. Cheek-by-jowl components generated clashing sources of electromagnetic energy. Voltage wandered wire to wire, producing crazy glitches: Gauges displayed 800 gallons when the fuel tanks were empty. Just how convoluted the glitches could get was demonstrated when baffling control losses were traced to a random match between the pitch of one test pilot's voice in the headset mic and the particular resonance of a signal controlling autopilot activation.
After the F-4 eliminated the F8U-3 in a competitive fly-off, George Spangenberg, an official in the Navy Bureau of Aeronautics, declared: "The single-seat fighter era is dead." Though its General Electric J79 engines advertised its arrival with a smoke trail visible 25 miles away—a Phantom calling card that would take two decades to engineer out—the first F-4 production models rolled off McDonnell's assembly line with Mach 2 capability as standard equipment and a 1,000-hour warranty. Delivered to California's Naval Air Station Miramar in December 1960 as a fleet defender purpose-built to intercept high-flying nuclear foes, the massively powered, technology-chocked F-4 seemed to herald the same break from 1950s orthodoxy as John F. Kennedy's torch-has-been-passed inauguration speech, then only weeks away.
Navy aviators of the early 1950s made do with jet aircraft hamstrung by the requirements for carrier landings. "I wouldn't say I really aspired to fly the [McDonnell] F3H Demon," says Guy Freeborn, a retired Navy commander, of the clunky subsonic he once had to eject from. "But then, one day, here was this beautiful new F-4 sitting right next to it." Suddenly, carrier-based fliers like Freeborn—who would spend two Vietnam combat tours in the front seat of a Phantom—found themselves sole proprietors of the hottest fighter on Earth.
The new jet took some getting used to. Getting F-4s to fly and fight required a team effort: a pilot up front and a radar intercept officer (RIO) behind. The ethos of the solitary hunter-killer, not to mention the ability to single-handedly grease precarious landings on pitching carrier decks, fostered a strong DIY culture among Navy fighter pilots. How to process the notion of a RIO (aka "guy in back," aka "voice in the luggage compartment"), who wasn't even a pilot, looking over your shoulder?
Aerial combat in Vietnam had a clarifying effect on pilots' attitudes toward RIOs. "I loved it," says John Chesire, who flew 197 combat missions in the Phantom during two tours in Vietnam. "We split our duties, and he kept me out of trouble. Going into combat, the workload was so high that I really relied on the guy behind me."
Flying into combat without a shooting iron was another matter. "That was the biggest mistake on the F-4," says Chesire. "Bullets are cheap and tend to go where you aim them. I needed a gun, and I really wished I had one."
"Everyone in RF-4s wished they had a gun on the aircraft," says Jack Dailey, a retired U.S. Marine Corps general and director of the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C.
McDonnell's earliest concept included interchangeable nose sections to readily convert a standard F-4 into the RF-4B, a camera-equipped reconnaissance aircraft. The aircraft's most photo-friendly asset, however, was speed. RF-4Bs flew alone and unarmed deep into unfriendly airspace. "Speed is life," Phantom pilots liked to say.
In the front seat of a Marine Corps photo-recon Phantom on more than 250 missions, Dailey was tasked to support Marines on the ground with film and infrared imagery. "We were trying to track movement of the Viet Cong coming down the Ho Chi Minh Trail," he says. "They moved their trucks a lot at night. We could fly along a road and pop flash cartridges and catch them out in the open."
The recce pilots in RF-4s had good reason to wish for a gun: The focal length of the RF-4's camera lens and the required photo coverage imposed a flight regime that didn't include evasive action. "For photographic purposes, they wanted you flying straight and level at about 5,000 feet," says Dailey. The predictable flight path and the absence of defensive weapons drew enemy calibers from anti-aircraft artillery down to small arms. "We got hosed down every day," says Dailey. Often, ground forces simply used barrage fire—large groups firing rifles and other sidearms into the sky simultaneously. Dailey's Phantom was nailed on nine occasions. A rifle round once penetrated the cockpit, narrowly missing him. Another time he landed with so much engine damage "you could see light shining through."
Naval aviators were rudely initiated into an F-4 idiosyncrasy: As airplane and deck parted company, the Phantom's nose initially rose slowly.  And with a bit of speed, the nose could over-rotate to a near-stall attitude if not controlled. "It got pretty wild," says Chesire. "It was always lots of fun to watch new guys take off."
The snappy response of the J79 turbojets made one aspect of landing on a carrier safer. Earlier engines had often lagged behind urgent power requests. In a memorable moment landing on the USS Midway, Chesire realized that his tailhook had failed to engage an arresting cable—after he'd already fully idled back both engines (a rookie mistake). The Midway's deck camera recorded his Phantom plunging off the end of the carrier. He slammed the throttles forward. Instead of a large splash, the F-4 reappeared—"going straight up, in full afterburner," says Chesire—as the J79s delivered just-in-time thrust.
***
Combat air patrol missions were proactive: Instead of escorting or defending, F-4s went looking for trouble. MiG pilots with North Vietnam's air force were happy to oblige. Part of a two-Phantom patrol to waylay Hanoi-based MiGs, Guy Freeborn launched from the USS Constellation on August 10, 1967. "We were hungry," says Freeborn, who had never encountered a MiG. Lurking beneath a thin cloud layer, "we figured we might be pretty close to their path. Then, holy crap, here come three MiG-21s out of the clouds right over us."
The Phantoms shifted into afterburner and sped to 575 mph to develop enough energy to turn aggressively. F-4s hemorrhaged speed while turning—"It was a big, dirty airplane in terms of drag," says Freeborn—so MiGs could generally out-turn the Phantoms. But the Russian fighter's fancy footwork didn't often trump the F-4's brute, drag-strip acceleration.
The lead Phantom launched two Sparrow missiles, which lost radar lock on the MiGs. Freeborn had other issues beside the finicky, radar-guided Sparrow: Behind him sat a RIO with no combat experience. "I felt I couldn't rely on him to stay cool, get a radar lock-up, and do what he had to do," he recounts. As the Phantoms rapidly closed the gap, he chose "Heat" on his front-seat weapons selector and launched an AIM-9 Sidewinder. The streaking heat-seeker locked on to and hit one of the MiGs. Though smoking and trailing fuel, the fighter remained airborne. Before Freeborn could unleash the coup de grĂ¢ce, the pilot in the lead F-4 finished off the MiG with a Sidewinder. "I told my backseater, 'Look! That bastard just shot my MiG!' "
With only one target remaining, Freeborn quickly triggered another Sidewinder, which promptly misfired. "I said, 'Oh man, it's just not my day.' " He cycled the weapon selector once more and lit the next AIM-9. "That one blew him to pieces," he says. He later discovered that neither MiG pilot had survived.
The third MiG-21? Last seen miles away, "streaking back towards Hanoi," says Freeborn.
***
Before stealth, there was night. Darkness provided cover for the "Night Owls" of the Air Force 497th Tactical Fighter Squadron, based at Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand, during the Vietnam War. "The first time I walked into the squadron, I noticed everything was painted black," says Doug Joyce, today a retired Air Force colonel.
Missions centered on tactical interdiction and forward air control. Standard strikes were two-craft affairs. "We seldom flew in big gaggles like the day guys did," Joyce explains. "Nor could we do a lot of jinking around as we came down the chute on a bomb run, because of the risk of spatial disorientation in the dark." From Phantoms with painted-black bellies, Night Owls dispensed both dumb bombs and laser-guided ones, as well as cluster bombs. Looming terrain and ground fire posed dangers: "37mm anti-aircraft was the biggest threat," says Joyce. "When they couldn't see you, they'd just shoot everywhere. If there was any moonlight at all, of course, that F-4 would show up as a big black shape in the moonshine."
One of the premier graveyard-shift gigs—reserved for the most experienced Owls—was supporting B-52s on bombing raids to Hanoi. "It was pretty breathtaking," says Joyce, describing pyrotechnics in the night skies in the spring of 1972. "At the very beginning, even with Wild Weasel support, they shot hundreds of SAMs [surface-to-air missiles] at us. At the altitudes the B-52s were at, we were close to the service ceiling of the F-4. You didn't want to use afterburner because you just lit yourself up. And you couldn't maneuver laterally in these formations because there were other airplanes next to you."
Plumes of metallic strips called chaff were released to distract radar-guided SAMs fired at the B-52s. However, Joyce says it had the opposite effect on the F-4s dispersing it: "Here we are in this very heavily defended SAM environment, and we're appearing on enemy radar screens at the pointy end of a bright stream of chaff." It amounted to an arrow pointing out the Phantom to North Vietnamese missile operators (see "The Missile Men of North Vietnam," Dec. 2014/Jan. 2015).
 
***
"I always said if you were worried about dying, you weren't doing a good job," says Chuck DeBellevue, a retired Air Force colonel. He wasn't much of a worrier. In Vietnam, DeBellevue flew 220 missions in the F-4 and shot down six MiGs, becoming America's highest scoring ace of the war.
In 1963, a land-based variant of the Phantom emerged from the McDonnell assembly line. Optimized for both ground support and air superiority, the Air Force F-4C was distinguished by flight controls in both front and back seats and was primed for manual "down the chute" dive-bombing and tactical interdiction. In time, the Air Force bought twice as many F-4s as the Navy.
A pilot surplus put DeBellevue into the F-4 back seat for duty as a weapons systems officer. Unlike their Navy counterpart, the initial backseaters in Air Force F-4s were pilots. However, the Air Force soon decided that navigators were better suited to be F-4 WSOs—or "Wizzos." "A lot of pilots were not really happy going into the back seat," says DeBellevue. "But, as a navigator, I was just pleased as pink." In November 1971, he was assigned to the 555th Tactical Squadron at Udorn, Thailand.
DeBellevue recalls that on the day he reported, he got a blunt greeting from the 555th scheduler. "He looked at me and said, 'You've got one year—if you live. Tomorrow morning you start on the dawn patrol.' " As a weapons systems officer, DeBellevue flew nearly 100 missions deep into North Vietnam.
"Crossing the fence into North Vietnamese airspace, you'd start psyching up," says DeBellevue. Once the F-4 engaged an enemy, he says, "nothing that was happening outside the cockpit was important to me." With an impending life-or-death event looming at near supersonic speeds, he narrowed his focus to managing weapons systems, acquiring the enemy aircraft on radar, calculating direction of intercept, and feeding the frontseater what he needed to know.
On September 9, 1972, DeBellevue was paired with pilot John Madden on a patrol mission to North Vietnam. Afterward, he was to make one of the last flights leaving Hanoi. "We crossed the Red River and I picked up two blips on the radar at 11 o'clock," he recalls. Immediately he knew what they meant: "MiG-19s, a very dangerous airplane," he says. "We couldn't outrun—we didn't have gas to run. So we had to fight. We turned on them." Both MiGs jettisoned fuel tanks, ready to rumble. "They turned into us, and the fight was on," he says.
"We fired two Sidewinders at the trailing MiG," he says. "One hit him, and he dropped out of the fight." DeBellevue couldn't see that the enemy had in fact crashed and burned, officially making him an ace. "But the other guy was turning hard into us anyway, so we put all our attention on him," he says. The F-4 launched a heat-seeker, which immediately soared out of sight. "It looked like it was heading for the sun, which isn't good news," he says. "Even from the back seat, I could see the MiG, and by this time he was really making angles on us."
A streak entered his field of view: The errant Sidewinder had rejoined the battle. It ended up in the MiG's afterburner. "He rolled out wings-level, and then rolled inverted" says DeBellevue, of the MiG's pilot. "He was at about twelve or fifteen hundred feet when he started a split-S. The first 90 degrees was perfect. After that—he turned to dust."
Even as he was being toasted at the officers' club the night of his fifth and sixth victories, "they handed me transfer papers and told me to be ready to leave at six the next morning," he says. The Air Force removed aces from combat. Stateside, after graduating from pilot training, he was soon in the Phantom again—this time the front seat. When he retired from the Air Force 26 years later, Chuck DeBellevue was the last American ace on active duty.
 
***
Jim Schreiner had flown Air Force A-10s and was facing a desk job in 1990 when he was offered one more flying tour. He suggested a General Dynamics F-16 or a McDonnell Douglas F-15, the elite fighters at the time. In his book Magnum! The Wild Weasels in Desert Storm, coauthored with Brick Eisel, he described his assignment flying 1969-vintage F-4Gs instead. "It was still a fighter," he says today, "but not exactly what I was thinking of."
Twenty years after SAMs downed more than 200 American warplanes in Vietnam, "Wild Weasel" pilots like Schreiner flew upgraded Phantoms into SAM-filled skies during Operation Desert Storm in January 1991. This time, the outcome was very different: Not a single U.S. aircraft was downed by an Iraqi radar-guided SAM.
The Wild Weasel F-4s were fitted with an AN/APR-47 radar-homing-and-warning system, which enabled them to sniff out missile sites. Also, the back-seat configuration was altered to accommodate additional radarscopes and inertial navigation equipment. The Weasel's most pertinent weapons were two or four AGM-88 high-speed anti-radiation missiles, designed to follow the SAM radar beam right back to its origin.
At 2 a.m. on the first night of the war, Schreiner and his backseater, Dan Sharp, one half of a two-aircraft mission, quickly found the Iraqi SAM sites. Early on, North Vietnamese SAM operators had connected the dots (energized radar equals missile exploding through the roof) and learned to keep their radar powered down until the last moment before launch. "The Iraqis hadn't yet figured out that it wasn't a good idea to have the sites up," says Schreiner. "So they had them all turned on." The result was a "target-rich environment," says Schreiner. "Lots of things to look at and shoot at."
In the cockpit, he watched as each anti-radiation missile found its mark, and the icon representing a SAM site on the Phantom's radar screen was replaced by a symbol indicating where it used to be. Air-to-air threats were a non-issue—AIM-7 Sparrows carried for self-defense were never used. "There was never any reason to," says Schreiner. "Had there been any threat, we had plenty of F-15s in the air to take those out." None of the Wild Weasels were hit by anything larger than small-caliber ground fire. "We continued to fly until they called a halt to the air war," says Schreiner. 
***
"yes, 68,000 is well above the F-4's operating range," says Jack Petry. "We weren't supposed to go above 50-, so we didn't tell anybody." That day in January 1965, while he and his backseater, Captain Ray Seal, were chasing the Titan II rocket, their Phantom's "smash"—flight energy—pushed the space program's comfort zone.
In his helmet headset, Petry could hear that the range controller at Cape Canaveral was getting nervous: "Break it off," the controller repeated.
"Negative," Petry replied, assuring the controller that his finite momentum wouldn't mess with the missile. "The whole idea was to keep the airplane pointed at the missile," he says. "So we stayed with it just as long as we had the airspeed—to keep the cameras rolling."
For a fleeting moment, his altimeter eclipsed 68,000 feet. "We had virtually no energy left," says Petry. "We weren't flying anymore at that point—just riding. But the F-4 stayed quite stable."
The Titan leaned into its trajectory and barreled downrange. Petry broke away inverted and maneuvered to restore airflow over the wings. He and his backseater kept Gemini II in the F-4's camera sights, he says, "until we fell out of the sky."  
 
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Item Number:1 Date: 09/26/2016 HUNGARY - MANHUNT CONTINUES FOR BOMBER SUSPECT; 2 POLICE INJURED IN BUDAPEST (SEP 26/BBC)  BRITISH BROADCASTING CORP. -- Police in Hungary are searching for a man believed responsible for a bombing in Budapest.   A homemade bomb targeted police in Budapest, the Hungarian capital, on Saturday night, reports BBC News. Two officers were injured, according to local officials.   One officer suffered life-threatening injuries, but was stabilized in the hospital, officials said.   The police were intentionally targeted, said Karoly Papp, the Hungarian national police chief.   It was unclear if the attack was intended as an act of terrorism, Papp said, as cited by the Washington Post. All motives are being investigated, he said.  
 Item Number:2 Date: 09/26/2016 INDONESIA - 300 SOLDIERS FROM SINGAPORE, INDONESIA COMPLETE SAFKAR INDOPURA DRILLS (SEP 26/SIMOD)  SINGAPORE MINISTRY OF DEFENSE -- The Indonesian and Singapore armies are wrapping up an annual bilateral exercise in Bandung, Indonesia, reports the Singapore Ministry of Defense.   Exercise Safkar Indopura, which began on Sept. 14 and runs through Sept. 26, have involved about 300 personnel from both countries.   Singapore sent about 130 troops from Headquarters 3rd Singapore Infantry Brigade and the 5th Battalion, Singapore Infantry Regiment, according to a ministry release on Sept. 23.   The Indonesian contingent included around 160 personnel from the 15th Infantry Brigade and 310th Infantry Battalion.   The 13-day exercise involved professional exchanges, urban operations, live-firing and culminated in a combined battalion field exercise, said the ministry.   The Safkar Indopura drills were first held in 1989
  Item Number:3 Date: 09/26/2016 IRAQ - 3 BOMB ATTACKS HIT BAGHDAD; ISLAMIC STATE CLAIMS MOST DEADLY STRIKE (SEP 26/CNN)  CABLE NEWS NETWORK -- At least eight Iraqis have been killed and 25 injured in three attacks in Baghdad, reports CNN.   The attacks took place on Sunday evening, according to security officials.   The Islamic State claimed responsibility for a suicide bombing that killed at least six people in the Iskan area of western Baghdad, said Iraqi officials.   The bomber detonated an explosive belt as a group of Shi'ite pilgrims was preparing a tent for the holy month of Muharram, said a police source. Eighteen people were injured in the blast.   Through an affiliated news agency, ISIS said it was targeting Shi'ite militia members.   Separately, at least one person was killed and two wounded when a bomb went off on a bus in central Baghdad, said the Baghdad Operations Center.   The third strike killed one and injured five. It also occurred in central Baghdad. No further details were immediately available.  
  Item Number:4 Date: 09/26/2016 JAPAN - CHINESE MILITARY AIRCRAFT DRILL IN MIYAKO STRAIT; JAPANESE FIGHTERS REACT (SEP 26/JT)  JAPAN TIMES -- Japan has sent up its fighters to intercept Chinese military planes.   On Sunday, the Japan Air Self-Defense Force scrambled jets as at least eight Chinese fighter and bomber aircraft flew through the sensitive Miyako Strait in Okinawa prefecture, reports the Japan Times.   More than 40 Chinese aircraft, including aerial tankers, participated in the flight through the strait between Miyako Island near Taiwan and Okinawa's main island on their way to "regular" patrols and exercises in the Western Pacific, said the Chinese Defense Ministry.   The Chinese planes did not infringe on Japanese airspace, said the Japanese Defense Ministry. The move was seen as a Chinese show of force, noted the BBC.   This is believed to be the first time that China has dispatched fighters in the area. The incident came days after Japan announced plans to strengthen its engagement in the disputed South China Sea.   The air fleet, including H-6K bombers, Su-30 fighters and aerial tankers, conducted reconnaissance and early warning exercises, simulated strikes on surface targets and aerial refueling "to test the air force's fighting capacity on the high seas," said a Chinese air force spokesman
Item Number:5 Date: 09/26/2016 LITHUANIA - DEFENSE MINISTRY PREPS FOR INITIAL NATIONAL CYBERSECURITY DRILL (SEP 26/LIMOD)  LITHUANIAN MINISTRY OF DEFENSE -- The Lithuanian Ministry of Defense has announced the country's first national cybersecurity exercise will be held this week.   The Cyber Shield drills, scheduled for Sept. 27-29, will involve more than 100 representatives of more than 40 Lithuanian government, cybersecurity and defense, scientific, energy, communication and other agencies.   The training is designed to test the procedures identified in the nation cyber incident management plan, enhance interaction among the nation's institutions and improve cyber incident response skills, said a ministry release on Sept. 22.   The participants will be formed into five teams and work to protect a virtual information system and ensure the provision of its services, said the ministry release.   The exercise will take place at sites in Vilnius, Kaunas and Klaipeda.  
  Item Number:6 Date: 09/26/2016 NATO - 2-DAY RAMSTEIN ALLOY DRILLS WILL HAVE ALLIES, PARTNERS TRAINING IN BALTIC AIRSPACE (SEP 26/XIN)  XINHUA -- NATO is holding a multinational exercise this week in the airspace over Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, reports Xinhua, China's state news agency.   The Ramstein Alloy drills are scheduled for Sept. 27 and Sept. 28, the alliance announced last week.   The two-day event involves the latest rotation of aircraft and personnel supporting the alliance's Baltic air-policing mission.   The NATO release noted that French air force fighters are leading the mission from Siauliai, Lithuania, while German Eurofighters augmenting it from Amari, Estonia.   The exercise will also involve Poland and non-members Finland and Sweden for air-to-air intercept, search-and-rescue and communication loss training.   Lithuania is providing a transport aircraft, while Estonia and Latvia send tactical air controllers
Item Number:7 Date: 09/26/2016 NIGERIA - BOKO HARAM AMBUSHES TROOPS IN BORNO, KILLING 4 (SEP 26/CAJ)  CAJ NEWS -- Four Nigerian troops have been killed in an ambush in the northern Borno state, reports the CAJ News Agency (Johannesburg, South Africa), citing government officials.   The soldiers were on a routine patrol from Maiduguri on Monday morning when they were ambushed, officials said.   Two vehicles were badly damaged by an improvised explosive device and four troops were killed. Another 16 soldiers and three civilian joint task force members were injured, according to the military.   At least three Boko Haram militants were said to have been killed.   Separately, Nigerian military and police personnel repelled a coordinated militant attack on the town of Godogodo in Kaduna state in northwestern Nigeria. Four gunmen were killed, officials said
Item Number:8 Date: 09/26/2016 POLAND - DEFENSE MINISTER TAPS KUKULA TO HEAD TERRITORIAL DEFENSE COMMAND (SEP 26/PMOD)  POLISH MINISTRY OF DEFENSE -- The Polish military has appointed a commander for its new territorial defense unit, reports the Polish Ministry of Defense.   Col. Wieslaw Kukula will be responsible for the development of three brigades that will be stationed on Poland's eastern border.   Defense Minister Antoni Macierewicz appointed the colonel to the post last week.   The Office for the Establishment of Territorial Defense is conducting the conceptual work for the new unit, the ministry said.   Kukula most recently served as the commander of the Military Unit of Commandos in Lubliniec.  
  Item Number:9 Date: 09/26/2016 SOUTH KOREA - IN DISPLAY OF POWER AIMED AT N. KOREA, U.S., SOUTH KOREAN NAVIES TRAIN TOGETHER IN EAST SEA (SEP 26/KT)  KOREA TIMES -- The navies of South Korea and the United States have been taking part in a joint exercise in the Sea of Japan, reports the Korea Times.   The U.S. destroyer USS Spruance and South Korea's Yulgok Yi I participated in the training on Monday, along with submarines, anti-submarine warfare helicopters and P-3 patrol aircraft from both nations.   The exercise involved tactical maneuvers, live-fire drills and anti-submarine warfare. Precision strikes on key ground targets in North Korea were also simulated, according to the South Korean navy.   The show of force is one of a series of recent actions in response to North Korea's testing of ballistic missiles and nuclear warheads, noted CNN.   "This combined tasking was aggressive in nature and proves that we will always be ready to deter aggression and defeat enemies to maintain stability and security on the Korean Peninsula and in the region," said Vice Adm. Lee Ki-sik, the commander of the South Korean navy fleet.   The U.S. has also been conducting deterrence operations in the region, including B-1B bomber flights
Item Number:10 Date: 09/26/2016 SPAIN - POLICE PICK UP 2 MOROCCANS; SUSPECTS ACCUSED OF PLOTTING ISLAMIC STATE ATTACK (SEP 26/REU)  REUTERS -- Spanish police say they have arrested two Moroccan nationals on charges of supporting Islamist militants and planning an attack in Europe, reports Reuters.   One of the suspects planned to join the Islamic State in Syria and had traveled to the Syrian border with Turkey to meet a militant for training prior to returning to Europe to conduct an attack, the Spanish Interior Ministry said on Monday.   That suspect was arrested by Turkish police before crossing the border and was returned to Spain. While in Spain, he continued to try to join the terrorist group, said the ministry.   The second suspect is accused of helping his comrade to travel to Syria and of training him after his return to Spain.   The suspects lived in the Spanish cities of Murcia and Valladolid, reported Newsweek.  
 Item Number:11 Date: 09/26/2016 SYRIA - DEATH TOLL SKIES AS AIR FORCE STRIKES HIT REBELS REPEATEDLY IN ALEPPO (SEP 26/REU)  REUTERS -- Dozens of airstrikes have been made by the Syrian air force overnight Sunday against rebels in Aleppo in the northern part of the country, reports Reuters, citing locals and a monitoring group.   The attacks were aimed at the rebel-held half of the city. The strikes killed and injured scores, said the U.K.-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.   The strikes were the latest in a renewed bombing campaign after the collapse of a week-long cease-fire.   The Syrian army announced a fresh offensive last Thursday against the rebels in Aleppo.   At least 237 people, including 38 children, have been killed in airstrikes on Aleppo and the surrounding countryside since the truce ended last Monday, according to the observatory. Of these documented deaths, 162 were in the rebel-held eastern part of Aleppo.   CNN reported on Monday that at least 85 were killed and more than 300 injured in the most recent strikes, citing observatory estimates.  
  Item Number:12 Date: 09/26/2016 TAIWAN - IN KAOHSIUNG CEREMONY ATTENDED BY PRESIDENT, COAST GUARD COMMISSIONS PAIR OF PATROL SHIPS (SEP 26/TAI)  TAIPEI TIMES -- The Taiwanese coast guard has just welcomed two 1,000-ton patrol vessels into service, reports the Taipei Times.   The Taitung (CG-133) and Pingtung (CG-135) were commissioned during a ceremony on Sept. 21 at Kaohsiung Harbor.   The vessels will improve the coast guard's ability to defend Taiwanese maritime sovereignty and fishermen, said President Tsai Ing-wen during the event.   The patrol ships are 287 feet, 5 inches (87.6 m) long with a 42-foot (12.8 m) beam. They have two engines that provide a top speed of 24 knots, according to the coast guard. The vessels' armament includes a 40-mm gun, 20-mm autocannon, two T75 light machine guns, a water cannon and a helicopter deck.   All coast guard vessels will also soon receive upgraded command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (C4ISR) capabilities, said the president.   Two ships in the class were delivered in 2014 and 2015, but are still awaiting installation of their 40-mm cannons.  
  Item Number:13 Date: 09/26/2016 THAILAND - SIAM UAVS PROVIDE RECON CAPABILITIES TO MILITARY, POLICE (SEP 26/BANGPOST)  BANGKOK POST -- The Defense Technology Institute (DTI), a research and development agency in Thailand, has begun deliveries of a domestically developed unmanned aerial vehicle to Thai security and defense forces, reports the Bangkok Post.   The DTI, an agency within the Defense Ministry, on Friday delivered 10 Siam UAVs to the military, Provincial Police Region 6, Saraburi police, the Dept. of Special Investigation and the Corrections Dept.   The air vehicle features an automatic flight system, daytime camera and a thermal-imaging camera, according to DTI officials.   The small quadcopter has a range of 1.2 miles (2 km) and endurance of 40 minutes, with a maximum altitude of 1,640 feet (500 m). Each air vehicle costs about US$14,400.   The Siam can be used for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance and patrol missions, according to Gen. Sompong Mukdaskul, the DTI chief
Item Number:14 Date: 09/26/2016 TURKEY - PKK SUSPECTED IN ROADSIDE BOMB DIRECTED AGAINST MINIBUS CARRYING TROOPS (SEP 26/DAILYSABAH)  DAILY SABAH -- Three soldiers have been killed and seven wounded in a roadside bombing Monday in Turkey's southeastern Mardin province, reports the Daily Sabah (Istanbul).   The bomb was said to have been planted by the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) terrorist group. The blast in Derik district hit a minibus carrying soldiers returning from duty.   Three soldiers died in the hospital after suffering significant injuries, according to the military.   The military has launched an operation to capture the bombers, noted the Dogan News Agency (Istanbul).  
Item Number:15 Date: 09/26/2016 USA - BELL'S NEW VIGILANT UNMANNED TILTROTOR ANTICIPATES FUTURE MARINE REQUIREMENT (SEP 26/BELL)  BELL HELICOPTER -- During a press conference last week in Washington, D.C., at the National Press Club, Bell Helicopter unveiled its V-247 Vigilant unmanned tiltrotor aircraft, reports the firm.   The Vigilant is an unmanned aerial system that will combine the vertical lift capability of a helicopter with the speed and range of a conventional fixed-wing aircraft, Bell said in a release.   The tiltrotor is designed to provide a long-endurance, persistent expeditionary and surveillance capability, as well as runway independence, for maritime environments and locations without a secure runway, the company said.   The V-247, which was designed to meet the spectrum of capabilities identified in the 2016 Marine Corps Aviation Plan, could be ready for production as soon as 2023, according to company officials.   The air vehicle can be sized for operation from destroyer-sized vessels. It offers a top speed of 300 knots, 250 knots cruise speed and 180 knots for endurance. It can remain airborne for up to 11 hours, and has a mission radius of 450 nm, says Bell.  
  Item Number:16 Date: 09/26/2016 USA - IN BLACK DART DEMO OFF FLA., DESTROYERS EVALUATE COUNTER-DRONE CAPABILITIES (SEP 26/NNS)  NAVY NEWSSTAND -- Two U.S. Navy destroyers have been experimenting with counter-unmanned aerial system (C-UAS) capabilities off the Florida coast, reports the Navy NewsStand.   The Arleigh Burke-class ships USS Jason Dunham (DDG-109) and USS Lassen (DDG-82) participated in Exercise Black Dart on Sept. 20.   Black Dart brought together industry, government and operational forces to bring different systems together, share information about the latest C-UAS developments and evaluate existing systems, the Navy said.   The destroyers initially tracked unmanned aircraft launched from Eglin Air Force Base, Fla., with the routes known to all operators in order to verify system settings and operator procedures, according to the service.   In advanced scenarios, the routes of the drones were unknown, which made for more realistic training, said the Navy.   Black Dart is the Pentagon's largest live-fire C-UAS technology demonstration.  
 Item Number:17 Date: 09/26/2016 USA - PROBE UNDERWAY OVER F-35 FIRE AT MOUNTAIN HOME AFB; NO SERIOUS INJURIES (SEP 26/DN)  DEFENSE NEWS -- The U.S. Air Force is investigating the cause of a fire involving a fighter plane in Idaho.   A U.S. Air Force F-35A Lightning II caught fire on Friday while preparing to take off for training at Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho, reports Defense News, citing service officials.   Around mid-day, an F-35A from the 61st Fighter Squadron, based at Luke Air Force Base, Ariz., ignited during engine start, said an Air Force spokesman.   According to the service, the fire was quickly extinguished. Seven maintainers and the pilot were reportedly taken to the hospital for a standard evaluation as a precaution.   Seven F-35As from Luke AFB deployed to Mountain Home for surface-to-air training from Sept. 10 to Sept. 24.  
Item Number:18 Date: 09/26/2016 USA - WITH TRANSPORTS ELSEWHERE, RECON MARINES TRAIN WITH CIVILIAN SKYDIVING AIRCRAFT (SEP 26/MCT)  MARINE CORPS TIMES -- Prompted by a lack of suitable aircraft, Recon Marines at Camp Lejeune, N.C., have hired a civilian skydiving firm for provide aircraft for parachute training, reports the Marine Corps Times.   Personnel from the 2nd Reconnaissance Battalion, 2nd Marine Division, are reportedly unable to use the service's KC-130J Super Hercules tanker-transports for the drills because they are all assigned to overseas operations.   The jump training is in two stages, according to a spokesman for the 2nd Marine Division. The first, which ran from Sept. 20 to Sept. 22, covered static low-line and military free fall and involved around 50 Marines.   The second phase is scheduled from Sept. 30 to Oct. 22 near Raeford, N.C., where skydiving company Paraclete Aviation is based.   The aircraft shortfall has developed because the KC-130J is a "critical enabler for forward deployed Marine Air-Ground Task Force success," according to the Marine Forces Command.   Under a contract with the service, Paraclete Aviation will provide C-212 transports equipped with certain items common to any military jumper for the training.   The training will involve a number of tactical insertions, including high altitude high opening (HAHO) operations and high altitude low opening (HALO) jumps.  
Item Number:19 Date: 09/26/2016 VIETNAM - $100 MILLION DEAL COVERS INDIA-BUILT PATROL VESSELS FOR BORDER GUARD (SEP 26/L&T)  LARSEN & TOUBRO -- The Vietnam border guard has ordered high-speed patrol vessels from Larsen & Toubro, reports the Indian shipbuilder, headquartered in Bombay (Mumbai).   The US$99.7 million deal covers the design and construction of the patrol craft as well as the transfer of design and technology and material kits for the construction of follow-on vessels at a domestic shipyard.   The boats will be about 115 feet (35 m) long, constructed of aluminum alloy and with a top speed of 35 knots. Advanced navigation, surveillance and self-defense capabilities will be installed, said Larsen & Toubro in a release last Thursday.   The program is expected to include four vessels, reported IHS Jane's Defence Weekly. The deal is said to be the company's largest export to date
  Item Number:20 Date: 09/26/2016 YEMEN - HOUTHIS' CONDITIONAL TRUCE OFFER REJECTED BY SAUDIS (SEP 26/DEWELLE)  DEUTSCHE WELLE -- The government in Saudi Arabia has rejected Sunday's offer from a rebel leader in Yemen to de-escalate the conflict, reports Deutsche Welle.   Salah al-Sammad, the head of a new council appointed by the Houthis in Yemen, said the rebels would halt combat operations on the Yemeni border with Saudi Arabia, including missile attacks, if Riyadh would "stop naval, air and land aggression, cease air raids and lift the blockade of our country."   Sammad also offered an amnesty for fighters who support Yemeni President Abedrabbo Mansour Hadi.   The offers are short of what the Saudis have been demanding, noted Reuters.   Last month, the Houthis declined a peace plan put forth by the U.N.   Saudi Arabia formed an Arab coalition in 2015 to support forces loyal to Hadi, including air strikes and ground troops.
 
 
 
 

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