Tuesday, November 27, 2018

[TheList] 4869




The List 4869

To All,

I hope that your week has started well. Great holiday with kids and grandkids 
and always nice to be home.

This day in Naval History
 
 Nov. 27


1941—Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Harold R. Stark sends "war warning" to Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet, Adm. Husband E. Kimmell, and Commander in Chief, Atlantic Fleet, Adm. Ernest J. King.

1942—By orders of French Vice Adm. Jean de Borde, the French fleet is scuttled in Toulon, France to prevent the ships being used by the Germans.

1943—USS Callaghan (DD 792) is commissioned. Named in honor of Medal of Honor recipient Rear Adm. Daniel J. Callaghan, who was killed during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal November 1942, she serves in the Pacific until she is sunk by a Japanese kamikaze July 28, 1945.

1943—USS Bowfin (SS 287) sinks the Vichy French cargo ship Van Vollenhoven off the coast of French Indochina while USS Seahorse (SS 304) sinks the Japanese fleet tanker San Ramon Maru in the East China Sea.

1944—Japanese kamikazes sink the submarine chaser SC 744 and damage USS Colorado (BB 45), USS St. Louis (CL 49) and USS Montpelier (CL 57). All the light cruisers are repaired and return to combat duty for the remainder of World War II.



Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:
Today's top national headlines include Special Counsel Robert Mueller's recommendation that President Trump's former campaign chairman be jailed immediately for allegedly lying to prosecutors following a guilty plea, the shuttering of four plants and layoff of 15,000 workers by American auto maker GM, and continued coverage of the ongoing crisis at the southern US border. Reuters reported on the USNS Comfort’s continued efforts to bring medical care to Venezuelan migrants and relieve pressure on Colombia’s strained healthcare system. Stars and Stripes reports that the USS John S. McCain left dry dock on Tuesday, 15 months after its fatal collision with a civilian oil tanker. Additionally, the Boston Globe reports that the future USS Thomas Hudner arrived in Boston on Monday ahead of its commissioning Saturday.



Today in History



November 27


43 BC

Octavian, Antony and Lepidus form the triumvirate of Rome.


511

Clovis, king of the Franks, dies and his kingdom is divided between his four sons.


1095

In Clermont, France, Pope Urbana II makes an appeal for warriors to relieve Jerusalem. He is responding to false rumors of atrocities in the Holy Land.


1382

The French nobility, led by Olivier de Clisson, crush the Flemish rebels at Flanders.


1812

One of the two bridges being used by Napoleon Bonaparte's army across the Beresina River in Russia collapses during a Russian artillery barrage.


1826

Jebediah Smith's expedition reaches San Diego, becoming the first Americans to cross the southwestern part of the continent.


1862

George Armstrong Custer meets his future bride, Elizabeth Bacon, at a Thanksgiving party.


1868

Lieutenant Colonel George A. Custer's 7th Cavalry kills Chief Black Kettle and about 100 Cheyenne (mostly women and children) on the Washita River.


1887

U.S. Deputy Marshall Frank Dalton, brother of the three famous outlaws, is killed in the line of duty near Fort Smith, Ark.


1904

The German colonial army defeats Hottentots at Warm bad in southwest Africa.


1909

U.S. troops land in Blue fields, Nicaragua, to protect American interests there.


1919

Bulgaria signs peace treaty with Allies at Unequally, France, fixing war reparations and recognizing Yugoslavian independence.


1922

Allied delegates bar the Soviets from the Near East peace conference.


1936

Great Britain's Anthony Eden warns Hitler that Britain will fight to protect Belgium.


1942

The French fleet in Toulon is scuttled to keep it from Germany.


1950

East of the Choosing River, Chinese forces annihilate an American task force.


1954

Alger Hiss, convicted of being a Soviet spy, is freed after 44 months in prison.


1959

Demonstrators march in Tokyo to protest a defense treaty with the United States.


1967

Lyndon Johnson appoints Robert McNamara to presidency of the World Bank.


1967

Charles DeGaulle vetoes Great Britain's entry into the Common Market again.


1970

Syria joins the pact linking Libya, Egypt and Sudan.


1973

US Senate votes to confirm Gerald Ford as President of the United States, following President Richard Nixon's resignation; the House will confirm Ford on Dec. 6.


1978

San Francisco mayor George Moscone and Harvey Milk, the city's first openly gay supervisor, assassinated by former city supervisor Dan White.


1978

Kurdistan Workers' Party (Parti Karkerani Kurdistan, or PKK) founded; militant group that fought an armed struggle for an independent Kurdistan.


1984

Britain and Spain sign the Brussels Agreement to enter discussions over the status of Gibraltar.


1999

Helen Clark becomes first elected female Prime Minister of New Zealand.


2001

Hubble Space Telescope discovers a hydrogen atmosphere on planet Osiris, the first atmosphere detected on an extrasolar planet.


2004

Pope John Paul II returns relics of Saint John Chrysostom to the Eastern Orthodox Church.


2005

First partial human face transplant completed Amiens, France.


2006

Canadian House of Commons approves a motion, tabled by Prime Minister Stephen Harper, recognizing the Quebecois as a nation within Canada.




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Thanks to Dr. Rich

… though I’m sure their liability is limited, as with most aircraft accidents … it’s a shame that programmers are beginning to take precedence over pilots in the design of aircraft systems … The “This may not be what you want .. but this is what you need” philosophy has to go … or we’re going to see more of these accidents.

Lion Air Crash: Pilots Struggled To The End


As lawsuits swirl around last month’s crash of a Lion Air 737 MAX8 into the Java Sea, Indonesian investigators say the crew struggled to control the aircraft right up to the moment of impact. And a member of Indonesia’s National Transportation Safety Committee confirmed to The Guardian that the aircraft had experienced similar problems on its previous flight.

As the aircraft pitched down, Nurcahyo Utomo of the NTSC told the Indonesian parliament Thursday, it became “increasingly difficult to control the airplane” because the load on the controls apparently became too heavy for the pilots to counter manually. The airplane crashed into the Java Sea on Oct. 29, shortly after taking off on a flight to the nearby island of Pangkal Pinang. It crashed about 11 minutes after takeoff, killing all 189 people aboard. Utomo told parliament that the aircraft’s speed at impact was more than 400 MPH.

Although it hasn’t been implicated in the crash, the post-accident investigation revealed that Boeing fitted the MAX series with an automated trim and stall-protection system called MCAS. The system activates when the airplane is being hand flown with flaps up at high angle of attack and high load factors. It automatically rolls in nose-down stabilizer trim and can be disabled only by using the airplane’s stabilizer cutout switches or lowering the flaps. It’s also inactive when the autopilot is engaged.

Boeing has been criticized by pilot unions for not clearly documenting MCAS—Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System—so it could be addressed in MAX differences training. Pilots at Southwest and American Airlines, both of which fly the MAX, said they were unaware of its existence.

Meanwhile, a law firm representing the families of the victims has filed a lawsuit against Boeing in a U.S. District Court claiming that the MAX series control design “in unusual conditions, can push (the plane’s nose) down unexpectedly and so strongly that flight crews can’t pull it back up.” The suit further alleges that the flight control computer was incapable of filtering inaccurate information from faulty sensors and that the approved flight manual didn’t warn pilots of these potential faults. The suit is at least the second. A Florida firm filed a suit against Boeing last week on behalf of the parents of Dr. Rio Nanda Putrama, who was killed in the crash.

Indonesia‘s NTSC said it will publish a preliminary accident report by the end of November.

Thanks to NHHC

Guadalcanal, 1942 Battleship Versus Battleship—The Battle of 14–15 November

The tide of the Guadalcanal campaign was turned by one new American battleship, USS Washington (BB-56), Captain Glenn B. Davis commanding, in a brutal and near-run battle during the night of 14/15 November 1942. With the battleship South Dakota (BB-57) on fire and out of action, and the four screening destroyers sunk or crippled, Washington was the only ship left of Rear Admiral Willis "Ching" Lee's Task Force 64, which entered Iron Bottom Sound the evening of 14 November in a last-ditch effort by Vice Admiral William F. Halsey to halt yet another major attempt by the Japanese to bombard Henderson Field and land more reinforcements on Guadalcanal (it was a last-ditch effort for the Japanese, too). Washington single-handedly took on a Japanese force of one battleship (Kirishima, a survivor of the 13 November battle), two heavy cruisers, two light cruisers, and nine destroyers. In a matter of minutes, with accurate radar-directed fire, Washington pummeled the Kirishima with between nine and 20 hits (probably 20) by 16-inch shells and over 40 hits by 5-inch shells, which caused Kirishima to sink after midnight. Washington also hit other Japanese ships with her secondary armament, probably including the destroyer Preston (DD-379). Washington then maneuvered to avoid multiple torpedo attacks. The loss of the Kirishima caused the rest of the Japanese force to withdraw, with the exception of one sinking destroyer.

Lee was the Navy's foremost flag-level expert on the integration and use of radar, and that knowledge and technology provided the critical edge in turning what could have been a disaster into a decisive victory, which contributed in a major way to ending the last major Japanese push to re-take Guadalcanal. Disillusioned by the Japanese army's inability to make any progress against the U.S. Marines and stunned by the loss of two battleships, the Japanese navy decided to limit further action to making “Tokyo Express” supply runs using destroyers. It would never again commit cruisers or battleships (or aircraft carriers) to the waters around Guadalcanal.

The action between Washington and Kirishima was the only one-on-one battleship action in the Pacific War, and the first of only two battleship-versus-battleship actions in the Pacific (the other was at the Battle of Surigao Strait in October 1944). Most accounts focus on the fact that Kirishima was hopelessly outclassed by Washington. The Japanese warship was a World War I–vintage battlecruiser (which had received some additional armor and upgrades during the inter-war years), armed with four twin 14-inch gun turrets. Washington (and South Dakota) were both brand-new, state-of-the-art battleships, armed with three triple 16-inch gun turrets, the latest radar, and an admiral who knew how to use it. The standard interpretation was that Kirishima didn't have a prayer, and this is arguably true on a ship-to-ship basis. However, such analysis does not account for the 90 torpedo tubes (plus reloads) aboard the Japanese cruisers and destroyers and the power of the Type 93 “Long Lance” torpedo, the capabilities of which the U.S. was still largely ignorant. Had the U.S. destroyer screen not absorbed many of these torpedoes at great sacrifice, and had the Japanese commander not lost situational awareness in the chaos of battle, the outcome could have been disastrous for the U.S. Halsey took an enormous risk, much more than he even knew, in stripping both his battleships from carrier-screen duties and committing them to a night battle in constricted waters against so many torpedoes; the outcome could easily have been USS Houston (CA-30) at the Battle of Sunda Strait redux.

As in the Battle of Friday the 13th, the ferocity of the engagement was such that every commanding officer of the six U.S. ships involved was awarded a Navy Cross, two posthumously. Total U.S. personnel losses in the battle were 242 killed in action and 142 wounded. The destroyers Walke (DD-416) and Preston (DD-379) were immediately smothered and sunk by Japanese torpedoes and shellfire, and were lost with most of their crews (80 killed on Walke, including skipper Commander Thomas E. Fraser, and 117 killed on Preston, including skipper Commander Max C. Stormes). Benham (DD-397) and Gwin (DD-433) were both quickly put out of action, but the skipper of Benham got all of his crew onto Gwin before Benham sank, with only 8 wounded on Benham and 6 killed on Gwin. The battleship South Dakota (Captain Thomas L. Gatch commanding) suffered a massive and debilitating power failure at a critical point in the battle, ending up silhouetted by the burning U.S. destroyers and taking 27 topside hits, none threatening to the integrity of the ship, but killing 39 crewmen (including one Marine) and wounding 59 more, and putting her out of the battle. Dozens of Japanese torpedoes missed both South Dakota and Washington. Washington came through the battle (and the rest of the war) unscathed and with no casualties. Given her impact on the course of the Guadalcanal campaign and the war, why the battleship did not receive a Presidential Unit Citation (or even a Navy Unit Citation or Meritorious Unit Commendation) remains a complete mystery to me.

After the battle, Washington’s skipper, Captain Glenn Davis, made a profound observation: "Radar has forced the Captain or OTC to base a greater part of his actions on what he is told rather than what he can see." Naval warfare had just been revolutionized. (For more on the Battle of 14-15 Nov, please see attachment H-012-4.)

2. Guadalcanal: Battle of Tassafaronga—Night of the Long Lances

On the night of 30 November/1 December 1942, a U.S. force of five cruisers and six destroyers (Task Force 67) under the command of Rear Admiral Carleton H. Wright, ambushed a Japanese "Tokyo Express" run consisting of eight destroyers (six of which were encumbered by hundreds of supply barrels) under the command of Rear Admiral Raizo Tanaka. Although the U.S. was armed with intelligence that the Japanese were coming, made excellent use of the new SG radar technology aboard U.S. flagships that detected the Japanese first (at 23,000 yards), had carefully absorbed and incorporated numerous lessons from the previous night battles in Iron Bottom Sound, possessed overwhelming advantage in firepower, and opened fire first, the result was still one of the worst debacles in the history of the United States Navy.

At Tassafaronga, for the loss of one destroyer, the Japanese sank the heavy cruiser USS Northampton (CA-26) and grievously damaged the heavy cruisers Minneapolis (CA-36), New Orleans (CA-32), and Pensacola (CA-24). The three cruisers were saved only by extraordinarily heroic and determined damage-control actions by their crews and by the fact that six of the Japanese destroyers did not have their torpedo reloads aboard, preventing them from picking off the U.S. cripples. All three damaged cruisers would be out of action for over a year. U.S. casualties included 395 Sailors killed and 153 wounded. The short version of the battle is that the U.S. ships, with their radar superiority, concentrated their fire on the closest Japanese destroyer and blew her to smithereens. Meanwhile, the other Japanese destroyers, hidden by the flames of the sacrificial Takanami, withheld their fire and launched a swarm of torpedoes at the U.S. cruiser line, lit up by their own gunfire flashes like "mechanical ducks in a shooting gallery" as historian Samuel Eliot Morison described it. The result was arguably the most successful surface torpedo attack in history.

Extensive recriminations occurred following this battle, but also significant learning. Rear Admiral Wright's career as a combat commander was over within days. Wright has been extensively criticized for squandering an opportunity to fire torpedoes first due to five minutes of indecision. The criticisms are probably valid, but had the destroyers launched torpedoes when the commanding officer of USS Fletcher (DD-445), Commander William M. Cole, requested, the result probably would have been yet another example of the notorious unreliability of U.S. Navy torpedoes, the defects of which had still not been corrected or in some cases even recognized yet. (Wright would go on to preside over another controversy, the court-martial of 50 African-American stevedores who refused to go back to work until safety measures had been improved following the disastrous Port Chicago, California, ammunition explosion on 17 July 1944, which killed 302 mostly African-American stevedores.)

Cole, who had brought his ship ("Lucky 13") unscathed through two of the most horrific battles of the war (and rescued 646 Sailors of Northampton) would be heavily criticized for his actions by Vice Admiral William Halsey (Wright would get a Navy Cross for the debacle, but Cole would not), which Halsey later admitted was unfair. Nevertheless, Cole went on to command DESDIV 44 in DESRON 22, and his experience translated into future victories. The other DESDIV in DESRON 22 was DESDIV 43, commanded by Arleigh Burke, and it was Cole's experience at Tassafaronga that led to Burke's standing orders to his own ships that "destroyers are to attack the enemy on first contact without awaiting orders from task force commander," which were instrumental in Burke's success in the battles of Empress Augusta Bay and Cape St. George. Cole also influenced Commander Frederick Moosbrugger's tactics at the Battle of Vella Gulf, in which Moosbrugger withheld gunfire until his own torpedoes were observed hitting home, surprising the Japanese. Also using lessons learned in the Battle of Tassafaronga, Rear Admiral Mahlon Tisdale (commander of a group of two cruisers) and the executive officer of Fletcher, Commander Joseph Wylie, would go on to play very prominent roles in the development of the combat information center (CIC) and U.S. Navy command-and-control doctrine that would guide U.S. Navy operations for decades (more on that in the next H-gram).

Nevertheless, the one lesson that U.S. Navy leaders stubbornly refused to learn was that the Japanese Type 93 Oxygen Torpedo ("Long Lance") was significantly superior, despite the pre-war intelligence (which had been ignored), and despite the late Rear Admiral Norman Scott's report following the Battle of Cape Esperance. In his post-battle report for Tassafaronga, Rear Admiral Wright correctly noted that "it was improbable that [Japanese] torpedoes with speed-distance characteristics such as our own" could have inflicted damage such as was observed. Rather than concluding that the Japanese had superior torpedoes, Wright concluded that the U.S. losses were due to lucky shots from Japanese submarines (none were present.) More U.S. ships would fall to the Long Lance in battles in the Central Solomon Islands in 1943 and 1944 as a result of this U.S. failure to understand the enemy. For more on the Battle of Tassafaronga, please see attachment H-013-1.

Attachment H-013-2 is a U.S. Navy photo taken after the Battle of Tassafaronga off Guadalcanal shows a U.S. PT boat bringing survivors of the heavy cruiser USS Northampton (CA-26) into Tulagi harbor. In the background is the heavy cruiser New Orleans (CA-32) with her bow blown off, including her number 1 main battery turret. New Orleans survived despite losing almost a quarter of her length.

Item Number:1 Date: 11/27/2018 AFGHANISTAN - SECURITY FORCES KILL AT LEAST 12 TALIBAN FIGHTERS IN OPS IN URUZGAN PROVINCE (NOV 27/PAJH) PAJHWOK AFGHAN NEWS -- Afghan officials say an operation in the central Uruzgan province has killed at least 12 Taliban fighters, reports the Pajhwok Afghan News. The operation in the Deh Rawud district occurred on Sunday and included soldiers, police and National Directorate of Security personnel, a spokesman for 205th Atal Military Corps said on Tuesday. Twelve Taliban fighters were killed and an unknown number wounded in the operation, which included air support, he said. Airstrikes destroyed heavy weapons in the possession of the militants. Unnamed foreign forces backed up the Afghan personnel during the mission. A district police chief gave a higher casualty count, saying that 29 Taliban were killed in the fighting. The fatalities included two feared Taliban commanders, Mullah Janan and Abid, he said.

Item Number:2 Date: 11/27/2018 CHINA - STATE MEDIA REVEALS 3RD AIRCRAFT CARRIER UNDER CONSTRUCTION (NOV 27/CNN) CABLE NEWS NETWORK -- Chinese state-run media has for the first time confirmed that construction of a third aircraft carrier is underway, reports CNN. "Six years have passed, our domestic carrier has been trialed, entry into service is just around the corner. The new aircraft carrier has also been built on the slipway," said Xinhua, China's state-run news agency, in an article marking the sixth anniversary of China's first aircraft carrier, the Liaoning. Work on the unnamed ship is on schedule, reported the state-run China Daily. Rumors of a third aircraft carrier, with a more advanced design and catapult launch systems, have been circulating for at least a year. The carrier could be 2.5 years from launching due to its larger size and new design, experts told the state-run Global Times. The Liaoning was declared combat ready in 2016. China's second carrier, the unnamed Type 001A, has been conducting sea trials this year. The Chinese Defense Ministry has yet to confirm the construction of the third carrier

Item Number:3 Date: 11/27/2018 CZECH REPUBLIC - GOVERNMENT AIMS TO REPLACE ARMY'S SOVIET-ERA EQUIPMENT (NOV 27/DN) DEFENSE NEWS -- The Czech Defense Ministry has announced plans to increase defense spending with a focus on modernizing its ground forces, reports Defense News. The ministry plans to purchase 210 infantry fighting vehicles, multi-purpose helicopters and mobile air defense radars, among other systems in 2019, said Defense Minister Lubomir Metnar, as quoted by the local Denik newspaper. In 2018, the ministry signed deals to purchase US$635 million worth of weapons and military equipment, said Metnar. There is a consensus across the political spectrum that defense spending must be further increased in the future, he said. Modernization efforts will also include the acquisition of robotic systems, reconnaissance and unmanned combat vehicles, said Lt. Gen. Ales Opata, the chief of General Staff. The procurement plans are intended to replace Soviet-era gear with new equipment made by Western allies and Czech manufacturers.

Item Number:9 Date: 11/27/2018 PHILIPPINES - MILITARY TARGETS REBELS IN SOUTH AHEAD OF PLEBISCITE (NOV 27/BEN) BENAR -- The Philippine army says it will launch operations to push radical militants from jungle hideouts in the southern island of Mindanao, reports the Benar News (Philippines). Military officials have identified 12 villages near Patikul on Jolo Island, as well as parts of central Mindanao, as areas of concern, a presidential adviser said on Monday. The operation aims to eradicate militants from ISIS and the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF) ahead of a January plebiscite intended to ratify the Bangsamoro Organic Law. Passed by the government in July, the law aims to give more autonomy to primarily Muslim communities in the area. Officials are concerned that dissident groups opposed to the measure could use violence to disrupt voting. The Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) signed a peace deal with the government four years ago. Some groups continue to oppose the deal and the government. The 40-year war has claimed more than 120,00 lives on the southern island

Item Number:10 Date: 11/27/2018 RUSSIA - MI-38T TRANSPORT HELICOPTER MAKES DEBUT FLIGHT (NOV 27/TASS) TASS -- Russia's newest military transport helicopter has successfully completed its maiden flight, reports the Tass news agency (Russia). On Nov. 23, the Mi-38T helicopter, a militarized variant of the civilian Mi-38, conducted its first flight at the Kazan Rotorcraft Factory in Moscow. The Mi-38T helicopter can accommodate 40 people and is powered by TV7-117V high-efficient engines. It has a digital pilot navigation system; explosion-proof protected fuel system; and additional gear struts for landings on soft ground and snow. The cabin features removable seats, detachable medical equipment and roll-on/roll-off gear for cargo. The aircraft consists of 99 percent domestic components, said a Kazan official. The Mi-38T is designed for transporting cargo and troops, as well as search-and-rescue operations in a variety of climates. The aircraft can be reconfigured for medical evacuation operations and fitted with additional fuel tanks to extend its range. The Russian Defense Ministry has placed an order for two Mi-38Ts. Deliveries are scheduled to begin in 2019

Item Number:12 Date: 11/27/2018 SLOVENIA - ORDER PLACED FOR LATEST VARIANT OF CARL GUSTAF ANTI-TANK WEAPONS (NOV 27/SAAB) SAAB -- Saab has announced an order from the Slovenian armed forces for its latest multi-role weapon system, reports the Swedish manufacturer. Slovenia is the ninth customer for the Carl Gustaf M4 multi-role weapon system, said a Saab release on Nov. 22. This is the first order for Carl Gustaf systems from Slovenia. Contract details were not disclosed. The Carl Gustaf M4 is compatible with future battlefield technology developments, such as intelligent sighting systems and programmable ammunition, and backward-compatible with all ammunition types, the release said. Deliveries are scheduled to take place between 2018 and 2020

Item Number:13 Date: 11/27/2018 TURKEY - 4 SOLDIERS DIE WHEN CHOPPER GOES DOWN IN ISTANBUL (NOV 27/ANADOLU) ANADOLU NEWS AGENCY -- Four soldiers have been killed and one injured in a helicopter crash in Istanbul, reports the Anadolu Agency (Turkey). On Monday, a military training helicopter crashed after hitting the roof of a four-story building in the Sancaktepe district. The UH-1 helicopter was on a training flight from Samandira air base in Istanbul when it went down, reported BBC News. The cause of the crash was not immediately known, Istanbul Gov. Ali Yerlikaya told the news agency. An investigation is underway.

Item Number:14 Date: 11/27/2018 UKRAINE - STATE OF EMERGENCY DECLARED FOLLOWING CLASH IN KERCH STRAIT (NOV 27/KYIVPOST) KYIV POST -- The Ukrainian Parliament has approved a request by President Petro Poroshenko for a declaration of martial law, reports the Kyiv Post. Approved late Monday, the measure covers 10 of Ukraine's 24 oblasts, all located along areas that border Russia or the Russian-backed unrecognized republic of Transnistria. These include Vinnytsia, Luhansk, Donetsk, Zaporizhia, Mykolayiv, Odessa, Sumy, Chernihiv, Kharkiv and Kherson oblasts. Poroshenko originally sought to implement martial law for 60 days, but reduced it to 30 under political pressure. The president argued that the measure was necessary following a confrontation between Russian and Ukrainian ships in the Kerch Strait on Sunday that resulted in the seizure of two Ukrainian patrol boats and a tug boat and the Ukrainian personnel onboard. Intelligence suggested that the threat of a ground-based Russian attack was serious, he said, as cited by the Voice of America News. The exact contents of the measure were not published when the vote occurred. The declaration allows the military to control these areas and curtail civil and political rights in them. Oleksander Turchnyov, the secretary of Ukraine's National Security and Defense Council, told lawmakers that the state of emergency would conclude by the end of the year if there was no further Russian aggression

Item Number:15 Date: 11/27/2018 USA - MCCAIN LEAVES DRY DOCK 15 MONTHS AFTER DEADLY COLLISION (NOV 27/S&S) STARS AND STRIPES -- The USS John McCain has left dry dock, 15 months after a fatal collision near Singapore, reports the Stars and Stripes. On Tuesday, the Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer entered the water at the U.S. Naval Ship Repair Facility in Yokosuka, Japan, and sailed to its new berth at the U.S. naval base there. The McCain arrived at Yokosuka in January after a detour in the Philippines in October 2017 when its hull cracked on the starboard side during transport aboard a heavy-lift vessel. Exact details of the repairs made to the ship were not made public. In a ceremony in July, Navy Secretary Richard Spencer said that he expected the vessel would return to service in 2019. In August 2017, the McCain collided with a civilian oil tanker in the waters off Singapore. Ten sailors were killed in the crash. A Navy investigation blamed the collision on incomplete knowledge of the ship's controls and command failures

Item Number:16 Date: 11/27/2018 USA - PACAF CHIEF IMPLEMENTING NEW TACTICS, CONCEPTS (NOV 27/D1) DEFENSE ONE -- The chief of Pacific Air Forces (PACAF) is integrating new tactics and operational concepts into training in the region to address evolving threats, reports Defense One. On Monday, Gen. Charles Brown said that future exercises with regional partners will focus on different tactics, such as moving smaller units more quickly in a contested environment. Drills will also focus on executing operations in the case of disrupted communications, the general told reporters. The changes are part of efforts to operationalize a classified strategy assembled by his predecessor. Brown took over PACAF four months ago. China's expanding role in the region is a major driver of these changes. China has the capability to attack U.S. air assets in the region but has not yet demonstrated the intent to do so, said Brown. So far, Chinese surface-to-air missiles in the region have not targeted U.S. aircraft, he said. Brown also said he would like to expand stores of long-range cruise missiles in the region, including the Joint-Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile Extended-Range (JASSM-ER) and Long-Range Anti-Ship Missile (LRASM).

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