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Thursday, October 25, 2018

TheList 4843

The List 4843 TGB


To All,
I hope that your week has been going well
Regards, 
Skip
This day in Naval History
Oct. 25
1812—The frigate United States, commanded by Capt. Stephen Decatur, captures the British frigate Macedonian, commanded by John S. Carden, west of the Canary Islands. During battle, United States broadsides the British frigate and destroys her mizzen top mast, which let her driver gaff fall. This advantage allows United States to riddle the enemy methodically with shot. After surrender, Macedonian is eventually repaired and entered into U.S. naval service.
1813—Congress, commanded by Capt. John Smith, captures and burns the British merchant ship Rose in the Atlantic off the coast of Brazil.
1944—U.S. and Australian warships maul the advancing enemy with torpedoes and heavy guns during the Battle of Surigao Strait in the midst of the Battle of Leyte Gulf. The Japanese lose battleships Fuso and Yamashiro, plus three destroyers. The Battle of Surigao Strait marks the end of an era in naval warfare -- it was the last engagement of a battle line.
1944—During the Battle off Samar in the midst of the Battle of Leyte Gulf, four Japanese battleships, eight cruisers and 11 destroyers surprise U.S. Navy Task Unit 77.4.3 consisting of six escort carriers, three destroyers, and four destroyer escorts. Despite their great inferiority in numbers, speed and fire power, U.S. airmen and surface sailors fight heroically to defend their carriers.
1944—During the Battle off Cape EngaƱo, 3rd Fleet carrier aircraft, surface ships and submarines strike the Japanese Northern Force off northeastern Luzon. The Japanese lose aircraft carriers Zuikaku, Zuiho, Chitose and Chiyoda, as well as a light cruiser and two destroyers.
1967—A Zuni 5-inch rocket ignites during a routine test in the forward assembly area aboard USS Coral Sea (CVA 43) burning nine sailors, three critically. All nine casualties were flown for treatment to Clark Air Force Base in the Philippines.
1970—Amphibious assault ship Okinawa (LPH 3), dock landing ship Anchorage (LSD 36), amphibious transport dock Duluth (LPD 6), and Sailors and marines from shore establishments complete four days of assistance to thousands of people following Typhoon Joan, which left 600 people dead and 80,000 without shelter across southern Luzon and Catanduanes Island, Philippines.
1979—Former Navy lieutenant, Edward Hidalgo becomes the 64th Secretary of the Navy and first Hispanic male to hold the position.
1983—Operation Urgent Fury (Grenada, West Indies) begins. By Nov. 2, all military objectives are secured. The next day, hostilities are declared to be at an end. Grenadians put their country back in order--schools and businesses reopen for the first time in at least two weeks.
1986—USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71) is commissioned at Newport News, VA.
1994—Pilot Lt. Kara S. Hultgreen and radar intercept officer Lt. Matthew P. Klemish of VF-213 crash an F-14A Tomcat, BuNo 160390, while attempting to land aboard USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72) off San Diego. Hultgreen becomes the first naval female combat pilot to die in an aircraft accident. Klemish ejects and survives with minor injuries.
2008—Virginia-class submarine USS New Hampshire (SSN 778) is commissioned at Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, ME.
2014—Virginia-class submarine USS North Dakota (SSN 784) is commissioned at Groton, CT.
 
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
Today's national headlines include coverage on the suspicious packages sent to various political and media figures through the mail and super typhoon Yutu that hit the Mariana Islands.  After months of planning for NATO's largest exercise since the Cold War, all forces are in place for the start of Trident Juncture 2018 reports the Wall Street Journal. Getting the 50,000 troops, ten thousand vehicles, 250 aircraft and 65 ships in place for the beginning of the exercise was "a serious logistics challenge," said Adm. James Foggo. USNI News reports that two of the three ships in the Iwo Jima Amphibious Ready Group had to return to port in Reykjavik after encountering heavy seas with the USS Gunston Hall experiencing damage to its Landing Craft Utilities and well deck. Additionally, Inside Defense reports that the Navy has released its FY 19 to FY 21 business operations plan which is projected to provide savings that will be invested in increasing warfighting capability.
 
 
Today in History
October 25
1415
An English army under Henry V defeats the French at Agincourt, France. The French out number Henry's troops 60,000 to 12,000 but British longbows turn the tide of the battle.
1757
 
 
1760
George III of England is crowned.
1854
During the Crimean War, a brigade of British light infantry is destroyed by Russian artillery as they charge down a narrow corridor in full view of the Russians.
1916
German pilot Rudolf von Eschwege shoots down his first enemy plane, a Nieuport 12 of the Royal Naval Air Service over Bulgaria.
1923
The Teapot Dome scandal comes to public attention as Senator Thomas J. Walsh of Montana, subcommittee chairman, reveals the findings of the past 18 months of investigation. His case will result in the conviction of Harry F. Sinclair of Mammoth Oil, and later Secretary of the Interior Albert B. Fall, the first cabinet member in American history to go to jail. The scandal, named for the Teapot Dome oil reserves in Wyoming, involved Fall secretly leasing naval oil reserve lands to private companies.
1941
German troops capture Kharkov and launch a new drive toward Moscow.
1944
The Japanese are defeated in the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the world's largest sea engagement. From this point on, the depleted Japanese Navy increasingly resorts to the suicidal attacks of Kamikaze fighters.
1950
Chinese Communist Forces launch their first-phase offensive across the Yalu River into North Korea.
1951
In a general election, England's Labour Party loses to the Conservatives. Winston Churchill becomes prime minister and Anthony Eden becomes foreign secretary.
1954
President Dwight Eisenhower conducts the first televised Cabinet meeting.
1958
The last U.S. troops leave Beirut.
1960
Martin Luther King, Jr., is sentenced to four months in jail for a sit-in.
1962
Adlai Stevenson shows photos to the UN Security Council that prove Soviet missiles have been installed in Cuba.
1962
In South Africa, civil rights activist Nelson Mandela is sentenced to 5 years in prison.
1971
The United Nations expels the Republic of China and seats the People's Republic of China.
1983
1,800 U.S. troops and 300 Caribbean troops land on Grenada. U.S. forces soon turn up evidence of a strong Cuban and Soviet presence–large stores of arms and documents suggesting close links to Cuba.
1991
The last soldiers of the Yugoslav People's Army leave the Republic of Slovenia.
2009
Terrorist bombings in Baghdad kill over 150 and wound over 700.
 
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A bad night for Schoolboy
 
Thanks to Ed…..I was on board that night off the coast of North Vietnam and will never forget the sound of the aircraft sliding over the flight deck right above me and then running next door to look at the PLAT camera and watch the fire truck follow the A-6 into the flames with his nozzles spraying. Those guys got medals for that and deserved all they got for doing their job and helping to save the ship. The whole bow was in flames…Be sure to read all the stories below.   Skip
 
For me the response of Midway's crew is a perfect example of learning to operate in an unstable environment and being ready - knowing what to do vs. doing what you know.
You must read these stories to fully comprehend how this serious accident – one that was on the verge of catastrophic – is indeed indicative not so much of the obvious danger inherent in sea-based aviation, but rather of the ingrained "knowing what to do" of a self designing, highly reliant organization.
 
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From: Cox, Samuel J SES NHHC, DNS-H
Sent: Wednesday, October 24, 2018 10:05 AM
To:
Cc:
Subject: Passing of RADM Harry E. Gerhard Jr., USN (retired)
 
Fellow Flag Officers,
 
It is with deep regret that I inform you of the passing of Rear Admiral Harry E. Gerhard Jr., U.S. Navy (Retired) on 20 Oct 2018.  Harry first enlisted in the U.S. Naval Reserve in May 1943, was designated a Naval Aviator in September 1949 and served until his retirement in Jun 1976 as Deputy Chief of Staff and Operations (C-03,) Supreme Allied Command, Atlantic (SACLANT.)  During his extraordinary career, Harry amassed 4,879 flight hours in props and jets, was one of the first Navy jet pilots, and flew 110 combat missions over North and South  Vietnam, where he was awarded a Silver Star, two Distinguished Flying Crosses and 16 Air Medals.  As CAG-7, embarked on USS INDEPENDENCE (CVA-62,) Harry devised the tactics for the first successful strike against a North Vietnamese SA-2 surface-to-air missile site, as well as numerous other tactical combat innovations, and led missions that destroyed key road and railroad bridges in North Vietnam.
 
As far as I know, Harry is the only aviator in the U.S. Navy to have deliberately disabled a Soviet cruiser during the Cold War.  During a Mediterranean deployment as CO of VF-103, embarked on USS FORRESTAL's 1964-65 deployment, Harry was directed by Commander SIXTHFLT to "remove a Soviet SVERDLOV Cruiser from the formation."  Harry made multiple sonic boom passes that dislocated boiler bricks on the SVERDLOV, necessitating her being towed back to Sevastopol.  This obviously predated the INCSEA (Incidents at Sea) Agreement.
 
Harry enlisted as an apprentice seaman in the U.S. Naval Reserve on 5 May 1943.  Under the V-12 program he attended Muhlenberg College in Allentown, Pennsylvania until March 1945.  As a midshipman, he then attended Columbia University and was commissioned an ensign in the U.S. Naval Reserve on 5 July 1945.  Following instruction at Norfolk, he reported to his first duty assignment, the destroyer USS GOODRICH (DD-831) for a sixteen month Far Eastern deployment.  He then served aboard the USS E-LSM-445 on the staff of COMOPDEVFOR for several months, before serving on the battleship USS MISSISSIPPI as Night Fighter Director Officer from Dec 1947 to February 1948.  Selected for flight training, he earned his wings on 30 Sep 1949.  He subsequently graduated with the Navy's second jet transition class.  He then served in Fighter Squadron 21 for Atlantic and Mediterranean deployments, which included flying low-level missions over Greece in support of Greek anti-communist operations in Feb 1951, as well as flying solo armed escort for sensitive reconnaissance and intelligence collection flights in Mar-May 1951.  Following six months at the Naval Post Graduate School in Monterey, Harry reported to CNAVANTRA Advanced Training Unit 201 as an Instrument and Tactics Instructor.  In July 1955 he reported to VX-5 as Project Test Pilot and Project Officer, flying six different test aircraft including the F-8U.  From June 1957 to Jun 1958 he served as Flag Lieutenant and aide to Commander, Carrier Division SIX, where he participated in Operation STRIKEBACK (a major NATO exercise including operations north of the Arctic Circle, and the largest peacetime naval exercise since WWII to that time) and the 1958 U.S. Marine landings during one of Lebanon's civil wars.  He then served as Training Officer at the Naval Amphibious School, Little Creek.
 
In August 1959 Harry reported to Fighter Squadron 174 (F-8 Replacement and Pilot Training) as Operations Officer, followed by attendance at the U.S. Marine Corps Senior School, Quantico to study aspects of amphibious warfare.  In July 1962 he reported as XO of VF-103 and assumed command of the squadron in November 1963.  During FORRESTAL's Mediterranean deployment in 1964-65, VF-103 flew both the F-8E Crusader and the new F-4B Phantom II (one of the first squadrons to do so.)  Following squadron command, Harry became Commander, Carrier Air Wing 7, in December 1964, embarked on USS INDEPENDENCE for operations off Vietnam (both Yankee and Dixie Stations) from June 1965 to December 1965.  CVW-7 made the first successful strike on an SA-2 SAM site, hitting a site north of Hanoi in October 1965.  He received his first Distinguished Flying Cross for a mission that dropped the Tri Dong highway bridge on 14 July, the Silver Star for the mission that rendered an "important railway bridge" inoperable on 20 September 1965, and a second Distinguished Flying Cross for a mission that destroyed a "key highway bridge" on 31 October 1965.  Among Harry's tactical innovations were the first use of Sidewinder air-to-air missile at night to shut down North Vietnamese searchlights, anti-radiation missile tactics (which led to development of HARM missile,) first use of Mk-83 bombs (with Daisy Cutters set High) as flak suppressors, among others. 
 
Following a year at the National War College and six months as a student at George Washington University, he reported to OPNAV 06 in January 1968 as a Section Head and the Executive Assistant and Senior Aide.  In January 1970, he assumed command of the ammunition ship USS GREAT SITKIN (AE-17) before assuming command of the USS CONSTELLATION (CVA-64) in January 1971 (during which he established the first carrier Safety Department,) a tour unfortunately cut short by hospitalization and convalescence.  In February 1972 he reported as Director of the Foreign Military Assistance and Sales Division in OPNAV, which included the sale of 80 F-14 Tomcat fighters to the Shah of Iran in 1974, and an almost-sale of A-7's to Switzerland which was blocked at the last moment by French political pressure.  In May 1972 he was promoted to flag rank.  In April 1975 he reported to SACLANT for his final tour of duty.
 
In addition to the Silver Star, Distinguished Flying Cross (2) and Air Medals, Harry also earned two Meritorious Service Medals, two Navy Commendation Medals (with combat V) and many campaign medals and ribbons including WWII Victory, Navy Occupation, China Service, Korea Service, UN Service and Vietnam Service.
 
After Harry's retirement, he pursued commercial activities until 2001.  There is an obituary on-line and it appears the memorial service is tonight in Cranberry, Pennsylvania.  I have no information on what Harry did after his retirement, but he has a large extended family (see obituary,) which no doubt would have been the focus of his life.  https://www.devlinfuneralhome.com/obituaries/harry-e-gerhard-radm-usn/
 
A pioneer in Navy jet aviation, Harry set an extraordinary example of selfless service, including high-intensity combat operations in Vietnam.  His ability to innovate in combat no doubt saved lives at the time and contributed to key capabilities in the fleet today.  And I still can't get over the SVERDLOV escapade - wow, what a career!  Harry will be missed.
 
Rest in Peace Admiral Gerhard
 
Very respectfully,
 
Sam
 
Samuel J. Cox
 
RADM, USN (retired)
Director of Naval History
Curator for the Navy
Director, Naval History and Heritage Command
202-433-2210  samuel.cox@navy.mil
 
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thanks to Lurch for this '…And Dutch R
 Bomber crews training with out GPS !
The GPS has always been vulnerable to jamming - and always will be. Has this training need just occurred to the leadership ??
Gosh !  Think they will get lost with their radar and ring laser INS ??? (Although the B-52 may not have ring laser ??)
How much non-GPS navigation training do you recon they do ???
We didn't have to do INS inop training … It just happened.
We may get recalled to provide navigation training.
—Ten bomber crews from five Air Force bases are set to fly over Montana without GPS to make sure they can still operate if GPS is ever jammed: Keloland Media Group.
 
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Thanks to THE Bear at www.rollingthunderremembered.com
ROLLING THUNDER REMEMBERED… 25 OCTOBER 1968… THE PRESIDENT'S DECISION TO TERMINATE ROLLING THUNDER II …
October 25, 2018Bear Taylor
ROLLING THUNDER REMEMBERED… 25 OCTOBER 1968… THE PRESIDENT'S DECISION TO TERMINATE ROLLING THUNDER II …
HUMBLE HOST SALUTES ONE OF THE BRAVEST OF THE BRAVE… COLONEL RAMON ANTON HORINEK, USAF (Retired)
RIPPLE SALVO… #964… IN ADDITION TO THE SALUTE FOR A GREAT AMERICAN WARRIOR… THE HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS FROM THE WHITE HOUSE FOR 24-25 OCTOBER 1968 THAT RECORD FOR POSTERITY THE LAST DISCUSSIONS BEFORE THE PRESIDENT ANNOUNCED THE CESSATION OF OPERATION ROLLING THUNDER, A 44-MONTH AIR CAMPAIGN BEGUN ON 2 MARCH 1965… but first…
GOOD MORNING… Day NINE HUNDRED SIXTY-FOUR of a 1,000-day commemoration of the Vietnam War and OPERATION ROLLING THUNDER…
HEAD LINES from The New York Times for Friday, 25 October 1968…
THE WAR: Page 1: "SAIGON WILL FREE 140 CAPTIVES SOON–VIETCONG RELEASE 11–AMERICANS KILLED IN ACTION NOW SET AT 28,925″… "The South Vietnamese Government and the Vietcong announced today that they were freeing some prisoners. A Government spokesman said that 140 Vietcong prisoners would be released in downtown Saigon's central market area, probably within 10 days, as 'a tolerant and humanitarian gesture.' A broadcast by the clandestine radio station of the Vietcong said that 11 South Vietnamese soldiers had been set free recently in Binhthuan Province, about 125 miles northeast of Saigon. The action, the broadcast said, was based on a 'lenient and humane policy.'… The announcement came as peace rumors were being revived on word that the war had again lapsed into a lull after two days of heavy fighting… A report that battlefield deaths and injuries on both sides had declined last week for the fifth consecutive week created additional speculation. Some of the totals were the lowest in more than a year. The report covered the seven days ending last Saturday and so did not include some 350 enemy soldiers killed Tuesday and yesterday. According to the new figures, 100 Americans were killed in combat last week, the lowest weekly total since the second week in August, 1967, when 82 Americans were killed. THE TOTAL NUMBER OF AMERICANS KILLED SINCE JANUARY, 1961, IS 28,925. (The final cost in American lives= 58,220. Almost 30,000 more young Americans will die in this war without end after the cessation of Rolling Thunder) South Vietnamese units lost 132 men last week. Enemy dead totaled 1,243…. although ground action was relatively quiet today, delayed combat report served as a reminder that the enemy was still a formidable force. The reports showed that during the fighting earlier this week three helicopters and two observation planes had been knocked down by enemy gunners. Three aviators were killed."…  Page 16: "ALLIES MAINTAIN WAR FOOTING DESPITE LULL IN FIGHTING"…
PEACE TALKS: Page 1: "JOHNSON SAYS U.S. IS STILL AWAITING A REPLY BY HANOI–No Breakthrough On Offer To Halt Bombing–He Tells News Conference–Stresses His Efforts–Hanoi In Paris Notes Opportunities For An End To Attacks In North"… Page 16: "HANOI's THUY FINDS OPPORTUNITIES NOW FOR A BOMBING HALT"… Six State Department HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS dated 24 October 1968 and three documents dated 25 October are identified and linked for your perusal and inclusion in this 1,000 post review of Rolling Thunder. Humble Host assumes reader interest in the hundreds of earlier State Department Historical Documents linked to these posts and ability to access the several series of documents associated with the bombing of North Vietnam 1965 to 1968. To access the 24 and 25 October documents link to Document 114 and mouse the faint forward carrot in the right margin of 114 to access 115, etc. There are 18 pages of telegrams, meeting notes, memos and telephone conversations included in this series of formerly Top Secret and Sensitive Intelligence, some, Eyes Only, documents. No charge for this extraordinary history lesson…   Start reading at …
HEAD LINES… Page 1: "RETURNING WARSAW PACT TROOPS GREETED BY SOVIET–Baltic District Hails Forces From Czechoslovakia Invasion With Speeches And Flowers"… Page 1: "EXPERTS ANALYZE WORLD STRATEGY–Prepare Wide U.S. Military Options For Next President"… Page 1: "NIXON PROMISES ARMS SUPERIORITY OVER THE SOVIETS–Vows A Clear Cut Military Edge If He Is Elected–Sees Security Gap"… Page 1: "SENATOR EDWARD KENNEDY ASKS VOTE REJECTING WALLACE"… Page 1: "3,000 POLICE SURROUND MADISON SQUARE GARDEN AS WALLACE STAGES A RALLY"… Page 6: "WEST GERMANY PURCHASE OF 88 PHANTOMS FROM U.S. VOTED IN BUNDESTAG"… Page 20: "JOHNSON TO HELP HUMPHREY ON TV–Will Give Nationwide Talk Sunday Before Election"… Page 20: "MUSKIE HAILED IN PENNSYLVANIA–Crowds Cheer Call To End War"… SPORTS: "George Foreman, 19-year-old American, Knocks Out Italian In Second Round to Gain Olympic Final"…
25 OCTOBER 1968… OPERATION ROLLING THUNDER…New York Times (26 Oct reporting 25 Oct ops) Page 8: "In another war development, a military spokesman reported that an Air Force F-4 jet fighter plane was downed Thursday by North Vietnamese gunners about 25 miles north of the eastern end of the demilitarized zone."…  IT WAS THE 912th UNITED STATES FIXED WING AIRCRAFT LOST OVER NORTH VIETNAM IN ROLLING THUNDER OPS… (See RTR for 24 Oct: F-4 pilots were MAJOR GEORGE TYLER (MIA) and 1LT DARRELL RICHARDSON (Rescued) )…
VIETNAM: AIR LOSSES (Chris Hobson) There were no fixed wing aircraft lost in Southeast Asia on 25 October 1968…  
SUMMARY OF ROLLING THUNDER LOSSES (KIA/MIA/POW) ON THE FOUR 25 OCTOBER DATES FOR THE FOUR YEARS OF THE OPERATION OVER NORTH VIETNAM…
1965, 1966, and 1968… NONE…
1967… The Phuc Yen and Paul Doumer Bridge Strikes… LT JEFFREY MARTIN KROMMENHOEK, USN… (KIA)… and… MAJOR RICHARD EUGENE SMITH, USAF… (POW)…and… CAPTAIN RAMON ANTON HORINEK, USAF… (POW)…
LT KROMMENHOEK was flying an A-4E of the VA-163 Saints embarked in USS Oriskany as part of a large Carrier Air Wing 16 strike on Phuc Yen airfield. He was last seen rolling in on the target amid intense AAA and a volley of surface-to-air missiles. After the raid was over he failed to respond to radio calls but a search of the area was impossible due to the intensity of the defenses in the heartland of North Vietnam. No emergency beeper signals or radio calls were heard or parachute or downed aircraft sighted during the search period. LT KROMMENHOEK was listed a Missing in Action with the hope tht he had been captured. In 1973 when the POWs came home he was not among them. Eventually has declared "Presumed Killed in Action after a status board review based on the lack of evidence to the contrary. LT JEFF KROMMENHOEK rests in peace on the battlefield where he fell fifty-one years ago this day… He is remembered with respect and admiration with the hope that someday he will be found and returned to the country he loved and served… For now…he has been left behind… the search goes on… Right?…
(By Humble Host's count this was the 26th Oriskany CAG-16 aircraft lost on the '67 cruise. LCDR John McCain would be downed for #27 on the 26th, the one-year anniversary of the horrific Oriskany fire)…
MAJOR RICHARD EUGENE SMITH was flying an F-105D of the 354th TFS and 355th TFW out of Takhli as one of 21 F-105s packing wings lo9aded with 3,000-pound bombs for a Wing strike on the Paul Doumer Bridge in Hanoi when he was downed. MAJOR SMITH of Wildcat flight pulled up from dropping his bombs on the target and felt the aircraft being struck with medium calibre antiaircraft fire. His aircraft started to burn as he overflew the city of Hanoi and headed west for the safety of the jungle. He was able to fly his dying aircraft 25 miles west of Hanoi before he was forced to eject. He was shot twice in his legs by his captors in the process of his capture… He was imprisoned until released in March 1973. In retirement he served a tour as the President of the Air Force Association. Two spans of the Doumer Bridge were dropped on the strike…
MAJOR RICHARD EUGENE SMITH was awarded the SILVER STAR for…"… gallantry in connection with military operations against an opposing armed force as the Pilot of a Republic F-105D Thunderchief of the 333rd Tactical Fighter Squadron…in action over North Vietnam, on 25 October 1967. On that date, MAJOR SMITH led a flight which was part of a strike force directed to attack the largest and most important railroad bridge in North Vietnam. He flew through a surface-to-=air missile attack and extremely intense and accurate anti-aircraft artillery barrages to place his ordnance directly on the bridge. MAJOR SMITH's bombs dropped one span of the bridge into the river. By his gallantry and devotion to duty, MAJOR SMITH has reflected great credit upon himself and the United States Air Force….   oohrah…
CAPTAIN RAMON ANTON HORINEK, USAF, was flying an F-105D of the 333rd TFS and 355th TFW out of Takhli as part of a wing strike on the airfield at Phuc Yen with the task of proving flak suppression for the flight. Over the target he commenced an attack on an active AAA site and was hit by 57-mm anti aircraft fire. His Thunderchief burst into flames and he was forced to eject over the target. He broke an ankle on landing and was captured immediately to spend the next five and a half years as a POW of the North Vietnamese to conclude his third tour of duty in combat in Southeast Asia. He was released to return home in March 1973 and resume flying duties until retiring as a Colonel in 1983…   He was among the bravest of the brave… Humble Host is honored to include the Citation that accompanied his award of the AIR FORCE CROSS and portions of a few of his many other awards for VALOR IN COMBAT…
AMONG THE BRAVE…EXTRAORDINARY HEROISM…CAPTAIN RAMON ANTON HORINEK, USAF…the AIR FORCE CROSS… 16 TO 19 FEBRUARY 1966…
Citation: "The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the AIR FORCE CROSS to LIEUTENANT COLONEL (then Captain) RAMON ANTON HORINEK, United States Air Force, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an opposing armed force as a Forward Air Controller and Pilot of an O-1 Airplane of the 1st Air Commando Wing, Bien Hoa Air Base, Vietnam, PACIFIC Air Force, in action with friendly forces in Southeast Asia, from 16 February 1966 to 19 February 1966, CAPTAIN HORINEK successfully directed air strikes which permitted the safe withdrawal of friendly forces and destruction of an evacuated site despite repeated machine gun hits on his light aircraft. While providing support for an attack against a second site his aircraft was again struck by hostile fire. Realizing the importance of his presence, he landed on the site airstrip, knowing that the approaches were dominated by the enemy. On foot, and under constant fire, he directed strikes which dislodged the enemy and permitted resumption of aircraft evacuation from the strip. Throughout the period, alternatively in the air, and on the ground, he continued to direct strikes while repeatedly exposed to fierce hostile fire, until the site was successfully evacuated. CAPTAIN HORINEK's gallantry and professionalism permitted the safe withdrawal of many friendly troops and prevented the recovery of quantities of munitions and supplies by the enemy. Through his extraordinary heroism, superb airmanship and aggressiveness in the face of hostile forces, CAPTAIN HORINEK has reflected the highest credit upon himself and the United States Air Force."…
THE CITATION FOR COLONEL HORINEK's FIRST OF TWO awards of the SILVER STAR…  "…for gallantry in connection with military operations against an opposing armed force while serving as Pilot of the 355th Tactical Fighter Wing, Takhli Royal Thai Air Base… in action over North Vietnam on 25 October 1967. On that date, flying an F-105 Thunderchief, CAPTAIN HORINEK was assigned to strike a high priority military target. CAPTAIN HORINEK displayed exceptional courage, fortitude and determination toward mission accomplishment in the face of some of the most formidable defenses ever encountered in aerial combat. After sustaining a devastating direct hit he continued his dive bombing run and placed his ordnance on the target, destroying two hostile MIG aircraft. By his gallantry and devotion to duty, CAPTAIN HORINEK has reflected great credit upon himself and the United States Air Force… "
His second SILVER STAR was awarded for gallantry and intrepidity in action in connection with military operations against an opposing armed force during the period from 25 to 31  October 1967, while a Prisoner of War in North Vietnam. Ignoring international agreements on treatment of prisoners of war, the enemy resorted to mental and physical cruelties to obtain information, confessions and propaganda materials. COLONEL HORINEK resisted their demands by calling upon his deepest inner strengths in a manner that reflected his devotion to duty and great credit upon himself and the United States Air Force." COLONEL HORINEK was also awarded the LEGION OF MERIT with VALOR V for extraordinary and honorable performance while a POW
Among his many other combat citations are three awards of the DISTINGUISHED FLYING CROSS, one as a FAC for a flights flown in a hostile threat area controlling strikes on 13, 14 and 15 March 1966. "…under extremely heavy hostile flak and automatic weapons fire, CAPTAIN HORINEK continued to perform low level visual reconnaissance from his light, unarmed aircraft and directed over one hundred jet strike sorties against communist mountain top positions. As a direct result of this extraordinary performance, friendly forces were able to capture two strategic mountain peaks."… A second DFC citation for an F-105 strike includes this: "…for extraordinary achievement while participating in aerial flight as an F-105 pilot on a strike over North Vietnam on 9 September 1967. On that date, CAPTAIN HORINEK, although faced with extreme adverse weather inbound to the target and intense anti-aircraft artillery fire blanketing the target itself, expertly delivered his ordnance directly on the strike area…." His third DFC was awarded for a flight on 7 October 1967: "On that date CAPTAIN HORINEK was a member of the first flight to ever strike a North Vietnamese helicopter parking area. He made six strafing passes with such accuracy that six helicopters were completely destroyed and two more were severely damaged. While making these attacks, he had to evade surface-to-air missiles and MIG-17 aircraft which were defending this area…." Among his other awards: Three BRONZE STARS with COMBAT V for VALOR,  a box full of AIR MEDALS, and the PRISONER OF WAR MEDAL… In addition, a broken ankle on a 'chute touchdown near Phuc Yen was probably good for a PURPLE HEART…  Also: Did you notice? Credit for two MIGs on the ground and six helicopters by strafing… That has got to be a one-of-kind…     oohrah…
HUMBLE HOST salutes COLONEL HORINEK… one of the bravest of the brave among the legion of the brave who carried the fight to the enemy in the years of Rolling Thunder…    
RTR Quote for 25 October: COLONEL RAMON ANTON HORINEK who wrote at the time of his release from POW duty in 1973…
"I have lived by one motto, and that is this–I am an American fighting man, I will go where I must go, fight where I must fight, die if I must die, but I will never betray my God, my country, my President, my fellow countrymen, or my fellow fighting men. I say NEVER. Engrave these words on your hearts, because that's what our country expects out of each one of us."…
A PLEDGE ADAPTABLE FOR ALL AMERICANS IN 2018… God bless RAMON HORINEK…
Lest we forget…      Bear
 
 
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Item Number:1 Date: 10/25/2018 AFGHANISTAN - 17 CIVILIANS KILLED IN INTELLIGENCE OP IN NANGARHAR PROVINCE (OCT 25/TN)  TOLONEWS -- Residents in eastern Afghanistan say a government raid killed at least 17 civilians, reports Tolo News (Afghanistan).   The government acknowledged that a special unit of the National Directorate of Security, Afghanistan's intelligence agency, conducted an operation on Tuesday in the Rodat district of Nangarhar province.   Seven members of one family were killed, including children, said residents.   Demonstrators blocked a major highway on Wednesday to protest the killings.   Officials said the raid targeted insurgents operating in the area.   An investigation has been opened, said a spokesman for the provincial governor, as cited by Radio Free Afghanistan.   Officials did not say who was the target of the raid. ISIS and the Taliban are active in the region.  
  Item Number:2 Date: 10/25/2018 ARGENTINA - 400 TROOPS DEPLOYED TO BOOST SECURITY ON NORTHERN BORDER (OCT 25/DIALOGO)  DIALOGO -- The Argentinean military has deployed troops to its northern border to help combat transnational crime, reports Dialogo, a digital magazine produced by the U.S. Southern Command.   Last month, about 400 troops deployed to Argentina's borders with Bolivia, Brazil and Paraguay, spanning more than 1,865 miles (3,000 km), as part of Operation North Integration.   The operation aims to combat drug, arms and human-trafficking in the region.   The mission involves providing logistics support to local security forces, including vehicles, radars, communications systems, helicopters and drones, officials said.   Air force A-4AR Fightinghawk jets are patrolling the airspace.   Troops also provide humanitarian aid, including health campaigns and refurbishing schools, and conduct a variety of training in the region.   In July, President Mauricio Macri launched the Protected Borders plan, which aims to combine military and police efforts and improve the performance of security forces in the remote areas of the northern Jujuy, Salta, Formosa, Corrientes and Misiones provinces.  
  Item Number:3 Date: 10/25/2018 BRUNEI - NAVY HOSTS AUSTRALIAN PATROL BOAT FOR JOINT EXERCISE (OCT 25/XIN)  XINHUA -- The Brunei and Australian navies have just completed a bilateral training exercise, reports Xinhua, China's state news agency.   The biennial Exercise Penguin, hosted by Brunei, began on Oct. 18 and concluded on Oct. 22.   The exercise was designed to "enhance the professionalism and interoperability of both navies by sharing knowledge and experiences through combined training and various sea evolutions," the Brunei Ministry of Defense said on Tuesday.   Brunei's Darulaman offshore patrol vessel and Berkat inshore patrol vessel and Australia's Launceston patrol boat took part in the training. 
  Item Number:4 Date: 10/25/2018 CAMEROON - 10 KILLED FIGHTING IN ANGLOPHONE NORTHWEST (OCT 25/REU)  REUTERS -- At least 10 people have been killed in fighting in Cameroon's restive Anglophone regions, reports Reuters.   On Tuesday, government troops attacked an Anglophone separatist camp near Ndu in the Northwest region, reported the Journal du Cameroun.   Thirty separatist fighters and one Cameroonian soldier were killed in the operation and 16 hostages were freed, said a government spokesman.   Separatist groups disputed this account. Seven separatist fighters and three government troops were killed in the attack, said a leader of the Ambazonian Defense Force, one of the main rebel groups.   Hundreds of people have been killed since Anglophone separatists launched an insurgency in September 2017 with the goal of creating an independent state called Ambazonia.  
  Item Number:5 Date: 10/25/2018 CHINA - PILOTS DIE IN FIGHTER JET CRASH IN GUANGDONG PROVINCE (OCT 25/EPOCH)  EPOCH TIMES -- Two air force pilots have been killed in a crash in southern China, reports the Epoch Times (New York City).   On Oct. 18, a two-seat J-10S fighter jet caught fire and exploded during a training exercise in Zhanjiang in Guangdong Province, reported the Apple Daily (Hong Kong).   The fighter belonged to the air force's 6th Brigade of the Southern Theater Command, said an unnamed source.   The jet went down days before the launch of the first ASEAN-China maritime training exercise, which began on Oct. 22 in Guangdong. The training is scheduled to conclude on Oct. 28.   The drills are taking place in Zhanjiang. Chinese authorities have not yet commented, likely due to the sensitivity of the incident ahead of the multinational drills.   The J-10 entered service in 2003. It has a history of accidents caused by engine failure. At least seven J-10 fighters have crashed between 2014 and 2016, killing multiple pilots.  
  Item Number:6 Date: 10/25/2018 FRANCE - ARMED FORCES MINISTER LAUNCHES STUDY FOR NEW AIRCRAFT CARRIER (OCT 25/DEFAERO)  DEFENSE-AEROSPACE -- French Armed Forces Minister Florence Parly has announced the launch of an initial study for the development of a new aircraft carrier, reports defense-aerospace.com.   An 18-month, 40 million euro (US$45.5 million) study phase has been initiated for a new aircraft carrier, Parly said during the Euronaval trade show in Paris on Tuesday.   The minister did not indicate if one or two carriers might be acquired. The French navy has long called for a second carrier, because its current carrier, the Charles de Gaulle, requires a nuclear refueling and refit every six years, which keeps it in dock for 18 months. This limits its operational capabilities.   Specifications for the future carrier will be determined through the study. It is expected to fall in size between the Charles de Gaulle, which displaces 45,500 tons, and the British Queen Elizabeth class, which displaces 70,000 tons.   The new carrier is expected to be able to generate large amounts of electricity to power electromagnetic catapults and future laser weapons. This could require nuclear propulsion, analysts said.   The new carrier is also to be able to operate Rafale fighter jets and their successor, the planned French-German future air combat system.   The new aircraft carrier would replace the de Gaulle.  
  Item Number:7 Date: 10/25/2018 GREECE - FORMER DEFENSE MINISTER CHARGED WITH MONEY LAUNDERING, BRIBES (OCT 25/KATH)  KATHIMERINI -- Former Greek Defense Minister Yiannos Papantoniou has been arrested for money laundering, reports the Kathimerini newspaper (Athens).   On Tuesday, Papantoniou and his wife, Stavroula Kourakou, were taken into custody after being charged with money laundering and accepting 2.8 million euros (US$3.2 million) in bribes from a 2003 contract to upgrade six frigates.   According to the charges, Papantonious' decision to sign the contract cost the government 400 million euros (US$459 million) in damages, reported the Greek Reporter.   If the statute of limitations has not expired on the bribery charges, Papantoniou will face additional charges, said officials.   The arrest follows an extensive deposition, which began on Monday.   Papantoniou has denied all of the charges.  
  Item Number:8 Date: 10/25/2018 JAPAN - LOGISTICS, MARITIME AWARENESS AGREEMENTS ON THE AGENDA OF TALKS WITH INDIAN PM (OCT 25/BUST)  BUSINESS STANDARD -- The prime ministers of India and Japan are expected to discuss a logistics and a maritime domain awareness agreement during talks in Tokyo this weekend, reports the Business Standard (India).   Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is hosting his Indian counterpart, Narendra Modi, during an annual summit on Oct. 28 and 29.   The meeting could launch negotiations for a bilateral logistics support agreement that would allow Indian and Japanese military units to replenish at the other's bases, Kenji Hiramatsu, the Japanese ambassador to India, said on Monday.   "We are hoping to start a formal negotiation process that will enable us to sign an acquisition and cross-service agreement (ACSA), a mutual logistics support agreement," the ambassador said.   The agreement would allow Japanese warships to receive fuel and other services at major Indian naval bases including in the Andaman and Nicobar islands, reported Reuters. The islands lie near the Malacca Straits, through which a large amount of Japanese trade travels.   The Indian navy, which is increasingly sending ships further out to counter China's growing presence in the Indian Ocean, would obtain access to Japanese facilities for maintenance.   The leaders might also sign a maritime domain awareness agreement, Hiramatsu said. This would permit the two navies to share information about their respective areas of interest.   "We are expecting to sign an agreement between Indian and Japanese navies on MDA and maritime security, which will enable more cooperation in this domain," he said.  
  Item Number:9 Date: 10/25/2018 MALAYSIA - AMAN YOUYI TRILATERAL DRILLS UNDERWAY IN PORT DICKSON (OCT 25/KNA)  KYODO NEWS AGENCY -- Malaysia is hosting a trilateral military exercise with China and Thailand this week, reports Japan's Kyodo news agency.   The Aman Youyi (Peace and Friendship) drills, an extension of annual joint exercises between China and Malaysia, began in Port Dickson on Wednesday and are scheduled to run through Oct. 29.   The training will help Malaysia prepare for humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, maritime security and counterterrorism operations, said joint force commander Vice Adm. Syed Zahiruddin Putra during the opening ceremony.   The drills will demonstrate coordination and joint planning capabilities and strengthen defense capacities, said Lt. Gen. Ma Yiming, the deputy chief of the Joint Staff Sept. under China's Central Military Comission.   China and Malaysia have been holding the drills since 2014. This is the first time that Thailand will take part.   The exercises include maritime and land maneuvers. Thai forces will only participate in the ground portion.   China dispatched 693 personnel, a destroyer and a frigate to participate in the exercise.   Malaysia has deployed 592 personnel, two frigates and two helicopters for the drills, while 54 Thai troops will also take part.  
Item Number:10 Date: 10/25/2018 NORWAY - NATO KICKS OFF LARGEST EUROPEAN DRILLS SINCE COLD WAR (OCT 25/S&S)  STARS AND STRIPES -- NATO has launched a large-scale military exercise in Norway to test its readiness to reinforce its member states, reports the Stars and Stripes.   The Trident Juncture drills, simulating the liberation of territory from a near-peer aggressor, began on Thursday.   The exercise is being led by U.S. Navy Adm. James Foggo, the head of Allied Joint Force Command-Naples in Italy.   Nearly 50,000 troops from all 29 member states, 65 warships and 250 aircraft are taking part.   The U.S. is the largest participant, with about 14,000 troops from the Army, Navy, Air Force and Marine Corps. The Harry S. Truman Carrier Strike Group is taking part and will sail into the Arctic Circle, the first time for a U.S. carrier since 1987.   "The exercise will test NATO's readiness to restore the sovereignty of an ally -- in this case, Norway -- after an act of armed aggression," NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said on Wednesday.   Participants will be divided into south and north forces, taking turns in the role of the aggressor, Stoltenberg said.   The exercise will evaluate NATO's ability to reinforce an allied country with troops and equipment from Europe and the U.S. and certify the readiness of quick-reaction forces.   The training is scheduled to conclude on Nov. 23.  
  Item Number:11 Date: 10/25/2018 RUSSIA - MOSCOW WILL TARGET ANY U.S. INTERMEDIATE-RANGE MISSILES IN EUROPE, SAYS PUTIN (OCT 25/RFE/RL)  RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY -- President Vladimir Putin says that if the United State deploys intermediate-range missiles to Europe, Russia will target the countries hosting them, reports Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.   European nations that decide to host such missiles "should understand that they would expose their territory to the threat of a possible retaliatory strike," Putin said on Wednesday during a news conference with Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte.   On Oct. 20, President Donald Trump announced his intent to withdraw from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, alleging that Russia had violated the deal.   National Security Adviser John Bolton was in Moscow on Monday and Tuesday to discuss U.S. concerns with Putin and other Russian officials.   The U.S. has expressed concern that a Russian missile, the 9M729, is banned by the treaty, which prohibits the signatories from possessing, producing or deploying ground-launched ballistic and cruise missiles with a range between 310 miles (500 km) and 3,400 miles (5,500 km).   Russia denies the charge.   On Wednesday, NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said that European allies were unlikely to deploy new nuclear weapons on their territory in response to the alleged INF violations
  Item Number:12 Date: 10/25/2018 SOMALIA - DOZENS KILLED IN CLAN FIGHTING IN AUTONOMOUS SOMALILAND REGION (OCT 25/REU)  REUTERS -- Clashes in the autonomous region of Somaliland in northern Somalia has killed at least 50 people, reports Reuters.   Fighting between rival clans began on Monday and continued into Tuesday, residents of Dhumey village said.   Dhumey is controlled by Somaliland but claimed by neighboring Puntland, which is also autonomous from the government in Mogadishu.   Officials from Puntland said that 51 people were killed and 120 were injured in the fighting, which included heavy weapons.   Somaliland has exacerbated tensions in the area by arming ethnic militias, the Puntland officials said
  Item Number:13 Date: 10/25/2018 SYRIA - U.S. PATROL TAKES FIRE FROM ALLEGED TURKISH-BACKED REBELS (OCT 25/MILTIMES)  MILITARY TIMES -- U.S. troops operating in northern Syria may have been fired on by Turkish-backed rebels, reports the Military Times.   American troops took fire from an unknown group on Oct. 15 near Manbij, a spokesman from the U.S.-led Operation Inherent Resolve said on Wednesday.   There were no casualties during the brief exchange. Attacks on U.S. patrols are rare, said the spokesman.   A Syrian-Kurdish journalist alleged that the fire came from Turkish-backed Syrian rebels in the area.   The Inherent Resolve spokesman could not confirm these allegations.   Coalition forces came under fire from the Turkish-backed fighters in January, the Military Times reported at the time.   U.S.-led coalition forces have been patrolling Manbij over the last year in line with Turkish demands that Kurdish militias withdraw.   Joint patrols of the town by Turkish and U.S. forces are expected to begin soon, officials said.  
  Item Number:14 Date: 10/25/2018 TURKEY - S-400 AIR DEFENSE SYSTEMS TO BE INSTALLED NEXT YEAR, DEFENSE MINISTER SAYS (OCT 25/ANADOLU)  ANADOLU NEWS AGENCY -- The Turkish Defense Minister Hulusi Akar says the installation of S-400 air defense systems purchased from Russia will begin in October 2019, reports Turkey's Anadolu Agency.   Personnel are being selected for training, which will begin early next year, Akar told the news agency on Thursday.   Deployment locations are still being determined by the air forces command, he said.   Akar dismissed U.S. concerns about use of the S-400 with the F-35 fighter jet, saying that Turkey would not allow any interference with NATO and U.S. systems.   Western allies, including the U.S., have failed to work with Turkey to boost its defense capabilities, forcing it to go outside of NATO, officials said, as cited by Reuters.   Turkey agreed to purchase the systems from Russia in December 2017, in a sale estimated at US$2.5 billion, as reported by the Hurriyet Daily News (Istanbul). Delivery dates were finalized in April 2018.   Turkey previously said the systems could be deployed as early as July 2019
Item Number:15 Date: 10/25/2018 USA - NAVY WANTS NEW ANTI-SHIP MISSILE BY END OF 2019 (OCT 25/DN)  DEFENSE NEWS -- The U.S. Navy wants to field a new anti-ship missile by the end of next year, reports Defense News.   The Naval Strike Missile, developed by Norwegian firm Kongsberg, was selected as the Navy's next anti-ship and land-attack cruise missile on May 31.   The missile is to be integrated on littoral combat ships, as well as the Navy's planned future frigate.   The first major LCS deployment is slated for 2019, driving the Navy to accelerate the integration of the weapon. The Navy exercised a contract option in support of the accelerated integration and deployment of the NSM, said industry officials.   Lockheed Martin, builder of the Freedom-class littoral ships, is currently integrating the NSM into the Detroit (LCS-7), company officials said.  
  Item Number:16 Date: 10/25/2018 YEMEN - 10 KILLED IN STRIKE ON VEGETABLE MARKET (OCT 25/ALJAZ)  AL JAZEERA -- At least 10 civilians have been killed in an air attack on a vegetable market in Yemen's coastal Hodeidah province, reports Al Jazeera (Qatar).   The attack on Wednesday hit the town of Bayt al-Faqih, 40 miles (70 km) south of the city of Hodeidah, Yemeni medical sources said.   Casualty counts varied. Reuters reported that at least 16 were killed in the strike that hit a vegetable packing facility. The victims were workers there, medical and local officials said.   Houthi sources told Al Jazeera that 19 people were killed and 10 others wounded.   The Saudi-led coalition fighting the Houthi rebels said it would investigate into the incident.   Fighting intensified in Hodeidah on Wednesday, reported the National (Abu Dhabi).   Houthi forces shelled an area east of the city known as Kil 10, residents said.
 


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