Friday, September 14, 2018

The List 4812

The List 4812 TCB

To All,

I hope that your week has been going well.



This day in Naval History

Sept. 13

1803—Commodore John Barry dies at Philadelphia, Pa., having served in numerous commands and over vessels in the in the Continental Navy during the American Revolution and in the newly formed U.S. Navy.

1814—During the War of 1812, the British bomb Fort McHenry at Baltimore Harbor for 25 hours. The sight of Fort McHenry’s flag and the British withdrawing from Baltimore the next morning inspires Francis Scott Key to write the Star Spangled Banner.

1847—During the Mexican-American War, Chapultepec - the gateway to Mexico City - is successfully stormed by Marines. The next day they are assigned to duty as guards to the National Palace, called the Halls of Montezuma. This action inspires the first line of the Marine Hymn.

1906—Sailors and Marines from USS Denver (Cruiser #14) land in Havana at the request of the Cuban government to preserve order during a revolution.

1944—USS Warrington (DD 383) sinks off the Bahamas in a hurricane. After a prolonged search, numerous Navy vessels rescue only five officers and 68 men of the destroyer's 20 officers and 301 men.

1996—USS Cheyenne (SSN 773) is commissioned at Naval Station Norfolk. The 62nd and last of the Los Angeles-class attack submarines, USS Cheyenne is the third to be named after Wyoming’s capital city. The boat is homeported at Pearl Harbor, HI.

2008—Hurricane Ike hits Galveston and Houston, TX. At Galveston’s Seawolf Park, a maritime museum, the museum ship USS Stewart (DE 238) and museum submarine USS Cavalla (SS 244), suffer damage as they are thrown out of the water onto land.  Both vessels are restored to the prior locations and undergo renovations.

On this day in history (September 13):

1922: In El Azizia, Libya, the highest shade temperature was recorded at 136.4 degrees Fahrenheit.  (whew!)

1976: Wayne Rollings, a 30-year-old Marine captain stationed at Kaneohe, HI, did 17,000 sit-ups in 7 hours and 27 minutes.

1986: In a bid to objectify women with greater sensitivity, the Miss America Pageant ceases to publicize the measurements of contestants.

1987: Paul Lynch of Great Britain does 32,573 push-ups in 24 hours.

And today is:

National Peanut Day



Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:
In national news, dominating today's headlines are reports that Hurricane Florence is now a Category 2 and forecast to unleash extreme storm surge, possibly historic flooding rains, and damaging winds in the Carolinas beginning today; and reports that U.S. proposing a new round of trade talks with China scheduled to begin later this month.  The Wasp Expeditionary Strike Group is assisting in the assessment of typhoon damage to Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands following a declaration of a state of emergency by President Trump reports USNI News. “The Presidential Emergency Declaration reflects the seriousness of the situation on the ground in CNMI,” Rear Adm. Brad Cooper, commander of the amphibious force for U.S. 7th Fleet, said in a statement. “We are pleased that our Navy-Marine Corps Team is positioned to support FEMA in this important DSCA (Defense Support to Civil Authorities) operation to help the people of CNMI.” Starts and Stripes reports that the U.S. 5th Fleet is participating in three separate exercises in the Middle East focused on critical chokepoints in the region. Additionally, according to the Associated Press, Russia says that joint war games with China will be routine.

Today in History September 13


King Francis of France defeats the Swiss army under Cardinal Matthaus Schiner at Marignano, northern Italy.


Pope Paul III closes the first session of the Council of Bologna.


On the verge of attacking Pedro Menendez's Spanish settlement at San Agostin, Florida, Jean Ribault's French fleet is scattered by a devastating storm.


British troops defeat the French on the plains of Abraham, in Quebec.


Anne Robert Turgot, the new controller of finances, urges the king of France to restore the free circulation of grain in the kingdom.


The British fortress at Gibraltar comes under attack by French and Spanish forces.


The Constitutional Convention authorizes the first federal election resolving that electors in all the states will be appointed on January 7, 1789.


Guardsmen in Orleans, France, open fire on rioters trying to loot bakeries, killing 90.


General Winfield Scott takes Chapultepec, removing the last obstacle to U.S. troops moving on Mexico City.


Union troops in Frederick, Maryland, discover General Robert E. Lee's attack plans for the invasion of Maryland wrapped around a pack of cigars. They give the plans to General George B. McClellan who sends the Army of the Potomac to confront Lee but only after a delay of more than half a day.


The Loudoun County Rangers route a company of Confederate cavalry at Catoctin Mountain in Virginia.


U.S. warships head to Nicaragua on behalf of American William Albers, who was accused of evading tobacco taxes.


U.S. and French forces take St. Mihiel, France in America's first action as a standing army.


Iran demands the withdrawal of Allied forces.


In Korea, U.S. Army troops begin their assault in Heartbreak Ridge. The month-long struggle will cost 3,700 casualties.


An unmanned Mercury capsule is orbited and recovered by NASA in a test.


The United States announces it will veto Vietnam's UN bid.


Hurricane Gilbert becomes the strongest hurricane ever recorded in the Western Hemisphere, based on barometric pressure. Hurricane Wilma will break that record in 2005.


The Oslo Accords, granting limited Palestinian autonomy, are signed by Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO chairman Yasser Arafat at the White House.


UN adopts non-binding Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.


Five synchronized bomb blasts occur in crowded locations of Delhi, India, killing at least 30 people and injuring more than 100; four other bombs are defused.


Hurricane Ike makes landfall in Texas; it had already been the most costly storm in Cuba's history and becomes the third costliest in the US.


Thanks to Robert

How High is the Water.......

I found this early Johnny Cash song that might be appropriate for this weekend....



Jack Blanchard & Misty Morgan...
Home Page:
Billboard Duet of the Year, Grammy and CMA Finalists. 

Thanks to THE Beat high on the mountain chronicling


September 13, 2018Bear Taylor


Thanks to Firearm Daily

The REAL History of America’s Classic War Rifle

It’s hard to believe when you look at weapons carried by soldiers today, but there was a time when the M1 platform was considered to be among the most powerful in the world.

The M1 rose to prominence when the United States formally entered the Second World War, and has since been enshrined in the pantheon of classic American weapons.

But, besides the heroism of the people who actually carried them, what was it about these rifles that made them so effective?

The M1 Garand and the M1 Carbine are fun to shoot


Thanks to  Paul

DFC for Super Hornet Pilot

The shoot down was last year and DFC awarded last weekend at Tailhook 


Thanks to  Bruce

September 14, 2018 will mark the 204th anniversary of America's national anthem,

"The Star-Spangled Banner." The song was created from a poem written by

lawyer Francis Scott Key in 1814. Congress adopted the song as the official

U.S. national anthem in 1931.

The War of 1812 was in large part defined by the Battle of Baltimore in

September 1814. This pivotal battle marked a turning point in the United

States' 2? -year war with England, with America repulsing British forces

despite the heavy bombardment of Fort McHenry.  U.S. commander George

Armistead refused to surrender and at the end of the assault, British troops

retreated and American troops raised the American flag.

Shortly before the attack began, the United States sent an enterprising

young attorney (and amateur poet) named Francis Scott Key to negotiate the

release of American hostages on British naval ships. The British agreed to

release the hostages, but Key and the others had to wait until after the

bombing of Fort McHenry to return to shore. When the smoke from the bombs

cleared, Key saw the stars and stripes of the garrison flag. Right there, on

Sept. 14, 1814, he wrote the verses of "The Star-Spangled Banner." He soon

put it  to music, choosing the popular American and British melody ?To

Anacreon in Heaven? (sometimes called ?The Anacreontic Song?) by John

Stafford Smith.

"The Star-Spangled Banner" is one of the nation's best-known and most

beloved songs, belted out with more frequency and greater gusto than any

other in American history except, maybe, "Happy Birthday." But Key, the

wordsmith behind the anthem's lyrics, was only an amateur bard. He'd never

written a song, and there's a good reason, according to historian Marc

Leepson, who published the first modern biography of Key, "What So Proudly

We Hailed,": Key was probably tone-deaf. "He was an amateur poet, but not

just any poet ? he was a bad amateur poet," Leepson said. "And he never

wrote a song in his life. Why? His family described him as 'unmusical.' But

that probably means tone deaf. There's a good chance the author of our

country's most famous song was tone deaf."

Although the phrase "Star-Spangled" was made famous through Key's text,

historian Marc Ferris, author of "Star-Spangled Banner: The Unlikely Story

of America's National Anthem" said first references in literature were made

much earlier: William Shakespeare twice used the turn of phrase, once in "A

Midsummer Night's Dream" ("by spangled star-light sheen") and again in "The

Taming of the Shrew" ("what stars do spangle heaven with such beauty").  But

Key did coin one phrase that gave way to a motto so ubiquitous that it

appears today on American currency, Ferris said: "In God We Trust" was

inspired by a line in "The Star-Spangled Banner's" fourth verse: "Then

conquer we must, when our cause it is just, And this be our motto: 'In God

is our trust.'"


Item Number:1 Date: 09/13/2018 AFGHANISTAN - AIR FORCE ACCEPTS DELIVERY OF ANOTHER BATCH OF CAYUSE WARRIOR HELOS (SEP 13/MDH)  MD HELICOPTERS -- The Afghan air force has accepted delivery of the first five of 30 MD 530F Cayuse Warrior helicopters ordered last year, reports the manufacturer, MD Helicopters.   The helicopters were delivered to Kandahar Airfield in southern Afghanistan on Aug. 8, said a company release on Monday.   The aircraft were reassembled and underwent testing over a 10-day period before entering service, reported IHS Jane’s Defence Weekly.   The new Cayuse Warriors feature the latest improvements, including a new glass cockpit that has a Howell Instruments electronic engine instruments and crew-alert system; Garmin G500(H) TXi electronic flight instruments with GDU700P touchscreen; Garmin GTN650 navigation/communication/GPS touchscreen; and L3 ESI 500 electronic standby instrument. A ballistically tolerant crashworthy fuel system has also been fitted.   The delivery is part of a US$1.4 billion contract, signed in September 2017, that covers up to 150 MD 530F Cayuse Warrior and MD 530G light attack helicopters.   The remaining 25 aircraft are scheduled to be delivered by September 2019, bringing the Afghan fleet to 55

Item Number:2 Date: 09/13/2018 AFGHANISTAN - MILITARY STEPS UP VETTING AFTER RECENT INSIDER ATTACKS (SEP 13/RFE/RL)  RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY -- The Afghan military has increased its vetting of local forces working with U.S. troops following recent insider attacks, reports Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.   Afghan leaders have brought in more investigators with U.S. training and expanded security checks to intercept radicalized individuals, U.S. Defense Secretary James Mattis told reporters on Tuesday.   The Afghan army has also been increasing its training of its troops to help protect coalition personnel, Mattis said, as quoted by Reuters.   The announcement comes after two soldiers, both members of the 1st Security Force Assistance Brigade, were killed in separate insider attacks in July and August. The unit is deployed around Afghanistan to train and advise local troops.   On Sept. 7, Mattis visited Kabul to meet with senior Afghan government officials and U.S. commander Army Gen. Scott Miller. The leaders discussed peace efforts with the Taliban, as well as security for the upcoming parliamentary election.  

 Item Number:3 Date: 09/13/2018 BURMA - U.N. TEAMS FINALLY PERMITTED TO INVESTIGATE ROHINGYA VILLAGES (SEP 13/CNN)  CABLE NEWS NETWORK -- Teams from the United Nations have been granted access to Rohingya villages in northern Burma, reports CNN.   On Thursday, four teams from the U.N. Refugee Agency (UNHCR) and U.N. Development Program (UNDP) entered the villages for a two-week mission to investigate allegations of war crimes by the Burmese military.   The teams have received permission to examine 23 villages and three other wards as part of the first phase of U.N. confidence-building measures, reported Agence France-Presse.   The U.N. specialists are examining whether the roughly 700,000 refugees who fled violence in August 2017 can safely return home, as part of a memorandum of understanding that the U.N. signed with Burma in June.   UNHCR has been able to continue operating its office over the last year but it has not been able to conduct significant field research, said a UNHCR spokeswoman.   A July U.N. report called for the investigation and prosecution of Burmese military officials on charges of war crimes.   The Burmese military denies deliberately attacking Rohingya civilians, saying it only targets Rohingya militants. The military has also claimed that Rohingya fled voluntarily and burned their own villages.  

  Item Number:4 Date: 09/13/2018 EUROPEAN UNION - COMMISSION PROPOSES LEGISLATION TO CRACK DOWN ON ONLINE EXTREMISM (SEP 13/WSJ)  WALL STREET JOURNAL -- The European Union's executive body has proposed new rules that would punish social media companies that fail to respond immediately to terrorist content on their websites, reports the Wall Street Journal.   On Wednesday, the European Commission proposed legislation that would require companies to remove terrorist content within an hour of it being flagged.   Companies would also be required to create automated systems to ensure that banned content does not spring up again.   If a company consistently fails, the bill allows fines up to 4 percent of the company's global revenue from the previous year.   In order to become law, the proposal requires passage by the European Parliament and E.U. member states.   In March, Brussels gave internet companies three months to demonstrate that they were acting faster to remove extremist content, noted Reuters. Industry groups said they have made significant progress, but the Commission decided that it was not sufficient.   The proposed legislation would also require firms to take proactive measures, including developing new tools to eliminate abuse and improve human oversight.   Social media companies have faced pressure for the roles their websites play in spreading extremist content. Many, including Google and Facebook, have favored a voluntary approach to removing such posts

Item Number:5 Date: 09/13/2018 INDIA - ARMY SENDS CONTINGENTS TO BILATERAL DRILLS IN KAZAKHSTAN AND MONGOLIA (SEP 13/)  -- The Indian army has joined separate joint military exercises with the Kazakhstan and Mongolian armies to strengthen partnerships in the region, reports the Press Trust India.   The KAZIND exercise, hosted by the Kazakh army, began on Tuesday in the Otar region in southeastern Kazakhstan and is scheduled to conclude on Sept. 23, the Indian army said in a statement.   The exercise will focus on increasing interoperability and neutralizing threats in urban warfare scenarios.   The goal is to promote relations between the armies and exchange skills and experience.   Meanwhile, the annual bilateral Nomadic Elephant exercise commenced on Tuesday at the Mongolian Armed Forces Desert Region Training Center in Mongolia's southern Umnugovi province.   The training is focused on improving tactical and technical skills in joint counterinsurgency and counterterrorism operations in rural and urban scenarios under a U.N. mandate, said the army statement.   The Indian army will also host the U.S. Army for the annual week-long Exercise Yudh Abhyas in the foothills of the Himalayas in Uttarakhand state in northern India from Sept. 16-29.  

  Item Number:6 Date: 09/13/2018 IRAQ - AT LEAST 7 KILLED IN CAR BOMBING NEAR TIKRIT (SEP 13/XIN)  XINHUA -- At least seven people have been killed and more than 30 injured in a bombing in central Iraq, reports Xinhua, China's state news agency.   On Wednesday, a car bomb was detonated outside a restaurant on a main road north of Tikrit in Salahuddin province.   Much of the restaurant was destroyed and nearby cars were badly damaged or set ablaze.   The restaurant was known to be frequented by members of the Iraqi security forces and paramilitaries, reported Asharq Al-Awsat (London).   No group immediately claimed responsibility, but the Islamic State is suspected, said a police source.  

Item Number:7 Date: 09/13/2018 JAPAN - DEFENSE COOPERATION TO INCREASE WITH MALAYSIA UNDER NEW AGREEMENT (SEP 13/NAR)  NIKKEI ASIAN REVIEW -- The Japanese and Malaysian governments have signed an agreement to increase defense cooperation, reports the Nikkei Asian Review.   On Tuesday, Japanese Defense Minister Itsunori Onodera met with his Malaysian counterpart Mohamad Sabu in Tokyo.   The leaders discussed increasing military communication, collaborating on defense equipment and strengthening security in the South China Sea.   The parties signed a memorandum of understanding for a framework for expanded bilateral defense projects, including defense equipment and technology; military exchanges; joint maritime security; disaster relief operations; and military exercises.   The agreement is part of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's Free and Open Indo-Pacific strategy, which aims to counter Beijing's expansion in the region through economic and security cooperation.  

  Item Number:8 Date: 09/13/2018 NIGERIA - BOKO HARAM ATTACKS MILITARY BASE IN NORTHEAST (SEP 13/NANIGERIA)  NEWS AGENCY OF NIGERIA -- Nigerian soldiers have been fighting with Boko Haram militants in northeastern Nigeria, reports the News Agency of Nigeria.   On Wednesday, Boko Haram fighters attacked a military facility in Damasak, Borno State, armed with anti-aircraft guns, bombs and other weapons, reported the Cable (Lagos).   Fighting between militants and the 145 Brigade in Damasak continued into Thursday, a military source told the news agency.   Troops called in aerial support to help repel the assault, said military sources.   The status of the fight was not immediately clear. Agence France-Presse reported that Nigerian troops repelled the attack. Sahara Reporters (New York) said that Boko Haram had forced the soldiers to retreat.   On Thursday, the Nigerian army issued a statement saying that fighting was ongoing but that the base had not been captured.   There were no immediate reports of casualties

  Item Number:9 Date: 09/13/2018 SOUTH KOREA - JOINT LIAISON OFFICE WITH NORTH TO BE OPENED IN KAESONG (SEP 13/VOA)  VOICE OF AMERICA NEWS -- The South Korean government has announced that it is opening a joint liaison office with North Korea, reports the Voice of America News.   The new liaison office, aimed at strengthening cross-border communications and relations, will open on Friday in Kaesong, North Korea, near the border, the South Korean Unification Ministry said on Wednesday.   The office is to serve as "a round-the-clock consultation and communication channel" designed to ease "military tensions" and support peace on the Korean peninsula, said the ministry.   Both nations will send up to 20 officials to staff the office.   President Moon Jae In and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un first discussed the establishment of a liaison office during a meeting in April.   The office was scheduled to open last month but was delayed due to tensions between North Korea and the United States over denuclearization

Item Number:10 Date: 09/13/2018 SOUTH SUDAN - GOVERNMENT, REBELS FINALLY INK PEACE DEAL (SEP 13/REU)  REUTERS -- The South Sudanese government has signed a peace agreement with the largest rebel factions in an effort to bring an end to the five-year civil war, reports Reuters.   On Wednesday, President Salva Kiir signed a peace and power-sharing agreement with Riek Machar, the leader of the country's largest rebel group, and representatives of other rebel groups during a ceremony in Addis Ababa in neighboring Ethiopia.   Under the terms of the deal, Machar will return to his former role as one of Kiir's vice-presidents.   In return, Machar's Sudan People's Liberation Movement-in-Opposition (SPLM-IO) will lay down its arms and some will enter the national armed forces.   The most recent deal addresses the security concerns that caused Machar and other opposition groups to back out of a similar deal in August, said an official from the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), a regional trade bloc that has supported the peace effort.   In July, the government in Juba and opposition groups signed a cease-fire and power-sharing agreement. But peace efforts fell through at the last minute when Machar refused to sign the accord.   Machar quickly reversed course, with Sudanese mediators announcing his assent hours later, noted Agence France-Presse.   The parties hope that this deal holds better than previous attempts. A peace agreement signed in 2015 lasted less than a year.   The current deal maintains the division of power and influence among the various rebel factions and militia leaders, raising the possibility that conflict could resume, said analysts.   The National Salvation Front (NAS) faction rejected the agreement. The document fails to address the root causes of the war and only covers power-sharing, said an NAS spokesman cited by the East African (Nairobi, Kenya).   Analysts criticized the deal for lacking serious checks on the powerful presidency and reinforcing the status quo

  Item Number:11 Date: 09/13/2018 SPAIN - GOVERNMENT APPROVES ADDITIONAL FUNDING FOR HELICOPTER PROGRAMS (SEP 13/DEFAERO)  DEFENSE-AEROSPACE -- The Spanish Council of Ministers has authorized the defense ministry to shift funding for a number of procurement programs, reports.   The move funds the acquisition of 23 additional NH90 helicopters and authorizes a new program to modernize the army's CH-47D Chinooks, said a release from the council on Sept. 7.   The army has received eight NH90s so far with another 14 on order, reported Flight Global. The additional order would bring the fleet to 45 aircraft, as originally planned before the order was halved in 2015.   The modernization of 17 CH-47Ds will bring them to the CH-47F standard.   Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez's administration, which entered office in June, has approved 4.23 billion euros (US$4.9 billion) in additional funding for major defense programs over the next two decades.  

Item Number:12 Date: 09/13/2018 SWEDEN - NEW GOVERNMENT EXPECTED TO BOOST DEFENSE SPENDING (SEP 13/DN)  DEFENSE NEWS -- The Swedish defense budget is anticipated to grow after recent elections, reports Defense News.   All of the mainstream Swedish parties have advocated for stronger national defense and higher levels of spending on the armed forces.   Russia and spending shortfalls in the military will be top priorities.   The current ruling party is angling to form a coalition with the Leftist and Green parties, who garnered a combined 40.8 percent of the popular vote.   A possible rival coalition, the Alliance, includes the Moderates, Center, Liberals and Christian Democrats. It won a total of 40.3 percent of the popular vote.   To fix years of neglect and replace outdated equipment, Swedish defense spending must hit 2 percent of GDP within 10 years, said Ulf Kristersson, the leader of the Moderates and a candidate to become the next prime minister.   The center-right Alliance has proposed increasing the defense budget by US$2.3 billion between 2019 and 2021, reaching US$8 billion by 2024.   The Swedish military has endorsed a plan to increase annual defense spending to between US$7.36 billion and US$9 billion by 2025 and at least US$12.1 billion by 2035.   The armed forces are also seeking to increase its end-strength from 50,000 to 120,000 by 2025. The enhanced force would consist of at least four brigade-level units, a light infantry special operations regiment, 24 surface warships, six submarines and eight fighter squadrons totaling 120 Gripen jets.   Gen. Micael Byden, the defense chief, has warned that the military will have to make significant cuts if it does not receive a major budget boost after 2019.  

  Item Number:13 Date: 09/13/2018 USA - AL-QAIDA LEADER ISSUES NEW AUDIO RECORDING TO MARK 9/11 (SEP 13/LWJ)  LONG WAR JOURNAL -- Al-Qaida has released an audio recording by its leader commemorating the 17th anniversary of the terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001, reports the Long War Journal.   In "How to Confront America," Ayman al Zawahiri emphasizes the terror group's continued opposition to and enmity toward the U.S.   Zawahiri exhorts followers and sympathizers to fight the U.S. wherever they can, asking them to view ongoing conflicts in Afghanistan, Egypt, Iraq, Mali, Syria, Pakistan, Palestine, Somalia and Yemen as fronts in a single war.   In these conflicts, Al-Qaida and other groups are bleeding the U.S. to "death economically and militarily, until it departs from our lands defeated," he said.   Keeping with the terror group's traditional narrative, Zawahiri blamed the West for these conflicts.   Zawahiri's letter also condemns rival terror outfit ISIS, criticizing the group for sowing division among Muslims when efforts should be focused on attacking the West.   Zawahiri has long criticized ISIS' wanton violence and refusal to listen to Al-Qaida leadership, which led ISIS to split from its former parent group in 2013.   Al-Qaida has benefitted from the West's focus on confronting ISIS cells worldwide and has slowly expanded its power and ranks, analysts said.   The group may be more powerful than at any point in its history, according to some experts

  Item Number:14 Date: 09/13/2018 USA - MODIFICATIONS SOUGHT FOR MTCR TO BOOST DRONE EXPORTS (SEP 13/DN)  DEFENSE NEWS -- The U.S. government is seeking to modify the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) to make it easier to sell drones abroad, reports Defense News.   The government plans to propose revisions to how unmanned systems are categorized under the MTCR during a November meeting of the 35 nations who have signed on to the agreement, Andrea Thompson, the undersecretary of state for arms control and international security, said on Sept. 7.   The MTCR, an international agreement that governs the export of missiles and drones, covers large unmanned systems because of a technicality that identifies such systems as missiles rather than aircraft.   Under the accord, large unmanned systems that carry 1,100-pound (500-kg) payloads for more than 186 miles (300 km) are considered category 1 systems. Systems in this category are subject to export restrictions.   In October 2017, U.S. officials introduced a white paper to allies proposing that any air vehicle that flies under 400 mph (650 kmh), such as the MQ-1 Predator, MQ-9 Reaper and RQ-4 Global Hawk, would be reclassified as category 2 systems and subject to approval on a case-by-case basis.   American industry, among others, have expressed concern that China and other competitors could replace American systems in countries that the U.S. is unable to sell to.   On the other hand, experts have warned that the U.S. should be careful making changes to the MTCR that might encourage non-signatories to sell more to undesirable actors

Item Number:15 Date: 09/13/2018 USA - RAPTORS ESCORT RUSSIAN BOMBERS OFF COAST OF ALASKA (SEP 13/CNN)  CABLE NEWS NETWORK -- The North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) says that U.S. fighter jets have intercepted two Russian bombers off the coast of Alaska, reports CNN.   On Tuesday, two F-22 Raptors intercepted the Tu-95 Bears west of mainland Alaska, NORAD said in a statement. The Russian bombers were escorted by two Su-35 Flanker fighter jets.   The Russian aircraft were intercepted within the U.S. Air Defense Identification Zone, which extends about 200 miles (320 km) from the coast.   The Russian aircraft did not enter U.S. or Canadian airspace, said NORAD.   This was the second intercept of Russian aircraft near Alaska this month. A previous incident occurred on Sept. 1. During that incident, the Russian bombers were not accompanied by fighter jets.   A similar interception also occurred in May, when Russian bombers came within 55 miles (90 km) of the U.S. mainland, noted Fox News.   U.S. officials have called such interceptions routine

Item Number:16 Date: 09/13/2018 YEMEN - SAUDI-LED COALITION CUTS KEY HOUTHI SUPPLY ROUTE (SEP 13/REU)  REUTERS -- Yemeni government troops backed by the Saudi-led coalition have taken control of a vital road in Houthi rebel supply lines, reports Reuters.   Government forces took the main road linking the port city of Hodeidah with the capital, Sanaa, military sources in the Saudi-backed coalition said on Thursday.   Both cities are held by the Houthi rebels. The road was an important supply route for the rebels.   The Yemeni army has also seized a second supply route around Hodeidah known as Kilo 10, reported Agence France-Presse.   The Houthis have other supply routes linking Hodeidah with its traditional bastion of support in the north. These routes are longer and less efficient.   Residents said the main gate in eastern Hodeidah leading to the capital was badly damaged in airstrikes.   The coalition resumed airstrikes around the city on Wednesday after a two-month humanitarian pause.   Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates have repeatedly argued that cutting Houthi supply lines would hasten the end of the war and allow for a negotiated outcome.   Humanitarian and relief organizations have warned that attacking Hodeidah could harm the millions of Yemenis who rely on international aid for food and medicine. About 8.4 million people could face starvation if aid stops flowing through the port, according to the United Nations.   About 70 percent of Yemen's international aid flows through Hodeidah.


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