Wednesday, September 19, 2018

Fw: TheList 4816

The List 4816 TGB


To All,
A bit of history and some tidbits.
Regards,
Skip
This day in Naval History
Sept. 19
1777—During the American Revolution, the British cutter HMS Alert captures the brig Lexington.
1862—The side-wheel ram Queen of the West exchanges sharp fire with Confederate infantry and artillery above Bolivar, MS, while escorting two troop transports.
1864—Confederates seize steamer Philo Parsons, in an attempt to bribe USS Michigan officers and crew for the release of Confederate prisoners. The plot is foiled and the mission aborted.
1915 - SECNAV Josephus Daniels organizes the Naval Consulting Board to mobilize the scientific resources of U.S. for national defense.
1942—USS Hughes (DD 410), while serving in Task Force Seventeen (TF 17), rescues the surviving crewmen of a USAAF (B 17) that makes a forced landing in the Coral Sea one week before.
1944—USS Shad (SS 235) torpedoes and sinks Japanese coast defense ship, Ioshima. (ex-Chinese cruiser, Ning Hai) 85 miles off Hachij, Jima.
1952—USS Alfred A. Cunningham (DD 752) takes fire from three guns, estimated 105 to 155 mm in the Wonsan area of Korea. Thirteen personnel casualties, none fatal, were suffered. She expended 75 rounds of 5 inch and 84 of 3 inch in return counter battery fire.  After emergency repairs, USS Alfred A. Cunningham was able to continue her combat operations.
1957—Bathyscaphe Trieste, in a dive sponsored by the Office of Naval Research in the Mediterranean, reaches a record depth of two miles. Three years later, Trieste would set a new record of seven miles on Jan. 23, 1960.
1992—USNS Loyal (T-AGOS 22) is christened and launched at McDermott Shipyards, Morgan City, Louisiana. The Military Sealift Command ship conducts surveillance towed array sensory system operations.
1992 - Joint Task Force Marianas stands down after providing assistance to Guam after Typhoon Omar
 
 
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
Today's top national news includes the Senate approving the $854 billion spending bill that includes funding for the Departments of Defense, Health and Human Services (HHS), Labor and Education; and Christine Blasey Ford wanting an FBI investigation into allegations against Brett Kavanaugh before testifying in a public hearing. NORTHCOM Commander Gen. Terrence J. O'Shaughnessy praised the U.S. Military's response to Hurricane Florence reports Stars and Stripes. "We've been able to deliver every time there has been a requirement, we have been able to bring the force to bear because we had the access and the prepositioned materials that were available," said O'Shaughnessy. USNI News reports that the Harry S. Truman Carrier Strike Group has returned to the U.S. 6th Fleet area of operations for the second time this year after spending a month in Norfolk. Additionally, the Pentagon announced that Austal USA and Lockheed Martin have been awarded contract modifications to build the future LCS-29, LCS-32 and LCS-34 reports USNI News.
 
Today in History September 19

1356

In a landmark battle of the Hundred Years' War, English Prince Edward defeats the French at Poitiers.
1544

Francis, the king of France, and Charles V of Austria sign a peace treaty in Crespy, France, ending a 20-year war.
1692

Giles Corey is pressed to death for standing mute and refusing to answer charges of witchcraft brought against him. He is the only person in America to have suffered this punishment.
1777

American forces under Gen. Horatio Gates meet British troops led by Gen. John Burgoyne at Saratoga Springs, NY.
1783

The first hot-air balloon is sent aloft in Versailles, France with animal passengers including a sheep, rooster and a duck.
1788

Charles de Barentin becomes lord chancellor of France.
1841

The first railway to span a frontier is completed between Strasbourg and Basel, in Europe.
1863

In Georgia, the two-day Battle of Chickamauga begins as Union troops under George Thomas clash with Confederates under Nathan Bedford Forrest.
1893

New Zealand becomes the first nation to grant women the right to vote.
1900

President Emile Loubet of France pardons Jewish army captain Alfred Dreyfus, twice court-martialed and wrongly convicted of spying for Germany.
1918

American troops of the Allied North Russia Expeditionary Force receive their baptism of fire near the town of Seltso against Soviet forces.
1948

Moscow announces it will withdrawal soldiers from Korea by the end of the year.
1955

Argentina's President Juan Peron is overthrown by rebels.
1957

First underground nuclear test takes place in Nevada.
1970

First Glastonbury Festival of Contemporary Performing Arts (originally called the Pilton Festival) is held near Pliton, Somerset, England.
1973

Carl XVI Gustaf invested as King of Sweden, following the death of his grandfather King Gustaf VI Adolf.
1982

The first documented emoticons, :-) and :-(, posted on Carnegie Mellon University Bulletin Board System by Scott Fahlman.
1985

An earthquake kills thousands in Mexico City.
1985

Parents Music Resource Center formed by Tipper Gore (wife of then-Senator Al Gore) and other political wives lobby for Parental Advisory stickers on music packaging.
1991

German hikers near the Austria-Italy border discover the naturally preserved mummy of a man from about 3,300 BC; Europe's oldest natural human mummy, he is dubbed Otzi the Iceman because his lower half was encased in ice.
2006

Military coup in Bangkok, revokes Thailand's constitution and establishes martial law.
19 Sep 2018, marks 50 years since Lt Tony Nargi , flying an F-8 Charlie, bagged a Mig –21 with an AIM-9 D.  VF-111 Det 11, USS Intrepid. Thanks to Rattler
 
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This Week in American Military History: From the Navy's first ace to a 'Barren Victory'
by W. Thomas Smith Jr.
 
Sept. 19, 1777:  Battle of Freeman's Farm — first engagement in the Battle of Saratoga (during the American Revolution) — opens between Continental forces under the command of Gen. Horatio Gates and British forces under Gen. John "Gentleman Johnny" Burgoyne. Brits carry the day, but suffer heavy losses. Continentals will ultimately win Saratoga.Sept. 20, 1797: The Continental Navy frigate Constitution is launched in Boston harbor.
Today USS Constitution – known affectionately as "Old Ironsides" -- is the "oldest ship in the American Navy," and continues serving in the 21st century as a duly commissioned ship crewed by active-duty U.S. sailors and Naval officers in order to further public awareness of American Naval tradition.
Sept. 20, 1863: Confederate forces under the command of Gen. Braxton Bragg (yes, Fort Bragg, N.C. is named in his honor) prevail against Union forces under Maj. Gen. William, though Bragg's casualties are far higher than those of Rosecrans.
Confederate Gen. D. H. Hill will say: "It seems to me that the elan of the Southern soldier was never seen after Chickamauga; the brilliant dash which had distinguished him was gone forever. He fought stoutly to the last, but after Chickamauga, with the sullenness of despair, and without the enthusiasm of hope. That 'barren victory' sealed the fate of the Southern Confederacy."
Sept. 23, 1779: The famous battle of the North Sea opens between Continental Navy frigate Bonhomme Richard under the command of Capt. John Paul Jones, and Royal Navy frigate HMS Serapis. During the height of the fighting, Serapis' Captain Richard Pearson issues an appeal to Jones that the American ship surrender. Jones refuses. According to the story, the British captain – aware that Bonhomme Richard is badly damaged and sinking – shouts across the water between the two dueling ships, inquiring as to whether or not Jones has lowered or struck his colors. Jones shouts back, "I have not yet begun to fight!" It has since been widely reported that Jones reply was, "I may sink, but I'll be damned if I strike!"
In fact, Bonhomme Richard does sink: But not before Pearson himself surrenders (believed to be "the first time in naval history that colors are surrendered to a sinking ship"), and Jones transfers his flag to his newly captured prize, Serapis. Bonhomme Richard (the first of five American warships named after Benjamin Franklin's pen name) is the former French frigate, Duc de Duras. Jones is destined to become "the Father of the American Navy," though – in some circles – it is argued that title belongs to Commodore John Barry.
Sept. 24, 1918:  U.S. Navy Ensign (future rear admiral) David S. Ingalls – on loan to the Royal Air Force and flying an RAF Sopwith Camel – shoots down enemy aircraft number five, becoming the first ace in U.S. Naval Aviation history, and the Navy's only ace of World War I.
Sept. 24, 1960:  Forty-two years to the day after Ensign Ingalls scores his fifth kill, Naval Aviation history is again made with the launching of America's first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, USS Enterprise (the eighth of eight so-named American Navy ships since 1775).
Sept. 25, 1957: U.S. Army paratroopers – members of the 101st Airborne Division – escort nine black students into Little Rock Central High School, Little Rock, Arkansas, ending segregation there.
Sept. 26, 1918: Though technically launched at 11:30 p.m., Sept. 25, with an intense artillery barrage; the Meuse-Argonne Offensive – the six-week long "greatest battle of World War I in which the Americans participated" – officially begins just before dawn when whistles are blown along the American trench-lines, and with fixed-bayonets, American soldiers clamber over the top and begin their assault against the German lines. The battle, which begins with approximately 600,000 American soldiers and Marines, will see U.S. ranks swell to more one million men. An estimated 26,000-plus Americans will be killed, another 96,000 wounded. But the campaign will end the war. It will be during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive that Private First Class (future Sgt.) Alvin C. York, a Tennessee backwoodsman and former conscientious objector, will find himself in the action for which he will receive Medal of Honor.
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Thanks to Admiral Cox
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.Great story
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Thanks to Micro….Great article
THUDS
Skip:
 
I just got this link from a friend and recommend it to all:  http://cademartin.com/overwar/
 
The page takes a while to load because it's all on one page.  Very well done, indeed.
 
Micro
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: The 10 Most Expensive Liquids in the World
and more from Tam - 
Speaking of price gouging... 💲‼️
Tam
 
The 10 Most Expensive Liquids in the World
 
*Editor's Note: since this piece was published in May 2016, insulin prices in the United States have continued to climb. Please visit our Focus on Access page for more information about what we're doing and how you can help. 
Type 1 diabetics rely on injections of a certain life-saving liquid called insulin. But have you ever wondered what the exact cost of insulin is? And how does it weigh in (per gallon) against the most expensive liquids in the world? Hint: It's a heavy weight! Let's take a look, shall we?
blood 
10. Human Blood: $1,500 per gallon
The actual acquiring of human blood isn't all that difficult, considering we all have it! However, the processing of the blood after donation can be very expensive depending on where in the world the buying and selling of it is occurring.
GHB_1
9. Gamma Hydroxybutyric Acid (GHB): $2,500 per gallon
Depression, insomnia, and narcolepsy are just three of the disorders that GHB can be used to treat – as it is commonly used as an anesthetic in medicine. It is found in the human central nervous system.
GHB is also well known by its nick name when used illegally: the "date rape drug."
ink_1
8. Black Printer Ink $2,700 per gallon
No matter the price of your printer itself, the printer's ink always costs far more, and the manufacturer for each printer and its corresponding ink is the one and the same.
mercury_1
7. Mercury $3,400 per gallon
Mercury is not as widely used in the production of medical tools (such as thermometers) as it used to be due to its toxicity. However, it remains to be the only liquid metal that remains liquid at room temperature, it can be used to conduct electricity, and in vapor form it is used in street lighting and fluorescent bulbs.
insulin_1
6. Insulin $9,400* per gallon
Insulin is very expensive to produce in its biosynthetic form. As we know – (or should know!) insulin is a hormone naturally produced by healthy pancreases.
According to the Journal of the American Medical Association, insulin prices tripled between 2002-2013 and seem to be steadily on the rise. A more affordable way to produce insulin is reportedly in development, introducing the human gene into plants to then produce it themselves.
*The price of $9,400 per gallon was published by HF Magazine, though any PWD out there can do the math themselves … we've seen conclusions ranging from $15,000 – $100,000.
Warning Signs of Type 1 Diabetes: thirst, frequent urination, (in babies and toddlers) heavy diapers, (in children with no previous concerns) sudden bedwetting, weight loss (despite an increased appetite), fatigue or weakness, blurry vision, a fruity smell to the breath, stomach pain, nausea or vomiting, rapid, heavy breathing, loss of consciousness.
chanel_5
5. Chanel No. 5 $26,000 per gallon
One of the most widely known fragrances in the world, Chanel No. 5 was first produced in 1922 through the collaboration of chemist, Ernest Beaux, and Coco Chanel. Coco Chanel selected vial #5 of the samples that Beaux presented her with, due to her fondness for the number 5. The name was kept.
horseshoe_crab_1
4. Horseshoe Crab Blood $60,000 per gallon
The blood of horseshoe crabs is used and harvested in high quantities today to test that a wide range of medical products are not contaminated. Horseshoe crab blood is blue in color, and its unique response to bacterial toxins was discovered over 50 years ago.
3. Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) $123,000 per gallon
Very widely used in the 1960s as a hallucinogenic drug, LSD is made from the crystalline compound, Lysergic acid, prepared from natural ergot alkaloids. Just one gallon of LSD would provide enough hallucinogens for approximately 55,000 people.
king_cobra_1
2. King Cobra Venom $153,000 per gallon
With venom capable of killing a full gown elephant, the King Cobra is the most poisonous snake known to the world.
The King cobra's venom also contains a unique protein called ohanin. Ohanin is being used today in the form of a painkiller that is 20 times more potent than morphine.
scorpion_1
1. Scorpion Venom $39,000,000 per gallon
Scorpions use their venom as a defense against predators and to kill prey, but only 25 species of scorpion have venom that would be lethal to humans.
The protein found in scorpion venom, however, can be used to treat pain in humans who suffer from multiple sclerosis (MS), inflammatory bowel disease, and rheumatoid arthritis.
Enraged by the sky-high cost of insulin? Visit our Access Page.
Alexi Melvin
Alexi Melvin is a freelance journalist and screenwriter based in the Bay Area. She was diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes in 2003, and has been passionate about raising awareness ever since. Her other passions include film, animals and spiritual healing.
 
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ROLLING THUNDER REMEMBERED… 19 SEPTEMBER 1968… SESSION #22 IN PARIS, LOOKING FOR A WAY OUT…

September 18, 2018Bear Taylor
 

ROLLING THUNDER REMEMBERED… 19 SEPTEMBER 1968… SESSION #22 IN PARIS, LOOKING FOR A WAY OUT…
RIPPLE SALVO… #928… ON 19 SEPTEMBER 1968 THE VIETNAM WAR PEACE NEGOTIATORS MET FOR THE 22nd TIME. HUMBLE HOST RELATES THE EVENT IN A 1-2-3-4 MANNER. First, the White House instructions to Cyrus Vance, acting in the absence of American lead negotiator Averell Harrison, then (2) the NYT story by correspondent Anthony Lewis reporting the meeting, (3) the telephone wrap-up from Vance back to Secretary of State Rusk in Washington, and finally (4), the Harriman telegram summarizing the follow-on meeting in Paris of 20 September. But first…
GOOD MORNING… Day NINE HUNDRED-TWENTY-EIGHT of an old warrior's commemoration of an historic air battle fought over North Vietnam for 44-months by men of brave heart and fighting spirit responding to the orders of leaders who failed our country and the men who took the fight to the enemy.
HEAD LINES from The New York Times for Thursday, 19 September 1968…
THE WAR: "B-52's INTENSIFY STRIKES ON THE DMZ TO HAMPER INFILTRATION"… "Air Force B-52 bombers are stepping up massive strikes in and around the demilitarized zone once again in an attempt to slow the steady infiltration of North Vietnamese troops into the northern provinces of South Vietnam. In the last two days the bombers, each off which can carry up to 27 tons of explosives, have struck 13 times in the thick scrub jungle on both sides of the Benhai River, which is part of the demarcation line between North and South. Last night there were heavy raids on suspected targets in North Vietnam, a mile north of the northern edge of the buffer zone and slightly more than five miles northwest of Conthien. Targets in the northern part of the six-mile zone were also struck. It was the second successive night of heavy raids on North Vietnamese soil… SEVERAL SHARP BATTLES… In the last few weeks there have been a number of sharp battles all along the southern border of the demilitarized zone, involving North Vietnamese forces and United States marines. In one clash most of a marine company were killed or wounded by mortar and small arms fire…. In addition to the raids in the North, the bombers have continued to strike troop concentrations and storage points in other provinces, notably in Tayninh and Binhlong, west and northwest of Saigon… ground action throughout most of South Vietnam yesterday was light and scattered…. However, in one incident near Tamky in Quangtin Province, a construction party made up of American engineers and South Vietnamese popular forces came under small arms fire while on a road-building projects. A 16-man engineer force sent to reinforce the men under attack, was ambushed on its way. The engineers fought back and 43 enemy bodies were found in the area after the fight in the area after the fight United States losses were eight killed and one wounded."…. oohrah…
Page 8: "JOHNSON PARLEY WITH WAR ALLIES A POSSIBILITY, WHITE HOUSE SAYS… Page 1: "HUMPHREY APPEALS FOR QUICK ACTION ON NUCLEAR TREATY"…. Page 1: "NIXON GIVES HINT OF SUMMIT MOVE–INDICATES IF HE IS ELECTED, MEETING WITH RUSSIANS MIGHT SOLVE PROBLEMS"…
Page 1: "RAMSEY CLARK AND J.EDGAR HOOVER DIFFER ON POLICE BEFORE U.S. PANEL–Attorney General Warns of Illegalities–Head of FBI Cites Gooding in Chicago"… Page 1: "GUN CONTROL BILL PASSES IN SENATE– Interstate Sales Of Shotguns, Rifles and Ammunition Are Curbed–Vote Is 70-17″… Page 1: "Student Rebels Disrupt Columbia's Registration"… Page 28: "NASA Rocket explodes on Launching–Communications Satellite Lost"… Page 29: "A SOVIET SPACE MISSION STIRS WORLD CONJECTURE–LOVELL SAYS ZOND 5 PASSED MOON AND IS RETURNING–U.S. Sources Suspect Failure of Round Trip Attempt"… Page 64: Sports: Cardinals Washburn Hurls No-Hitter, Second Successive No-Hitter at Brant's Park"… Page 67: "Touring Golf Pro's Reported In Agreement With Sponsors"…
19 SEPTEMBER 1968… OPERATION ROLLING THUNDER… New York Times (20 Sept reporting 19 Sept ops) Page 4: "North of the demilitarized zone, American planes flew 131 multi-aircraft combat mission. A Navy A-4 Skyhawk was shot down nine miles south of Vinh and the pilot was listed as missing. This brought the unofficial total of planes shot down over North Vietnam to 892 planes." (Humble Host notes there were no A-4s downed between 2 September and 23 September. NYT report probably refers to a Navy A-7 downed on 17 September, LCDR Brian Woods, who was captured.) …
VIETNAM: AIR LOSSES (Chris Hobson) There were four fixed wing aircraft lost in Southeast Asia on 19 September 1968…
(1) MAJOR ELWYN REX CAPLING was flying an F-105D of the 469th TFS and 388th TFW out of Korat with a flight of Thunderchiefs striking a storage area six miles northwest of Thou Cam Son just north of the DMZ and making his second run on the target when hit by 37mm AAA. He attempted to fly his doomed Thud east to eject over the sea but came up short by three miles. After ejecting he was seen to land and was heard by others in the flight reporting he had a broken leg. That was the last that was ever heard from MAJOR CAPLING. He was listed as Missing in Action and presumed captured but he never arrived at the POW camps. His remains were returned without explanation on 18 march 1977. COLONEL CAPLING rests in peace in the cemetery at the Air Force Academy and is remembered with admiration and respect on this 50th anniversary of his last flight in the service of his country…
(2) CAPTAIN JOHN ALAN LAVOO, USMC and CAPTAIN ROBERT ALAN HOLT, USMC were flying an F-4B of the VFMA-542 Bengals and MAG-11 out of Danang and were downed by small arms fire 13 miles north of the DMZ while attacking a storage area. The Phantom was on a second diving attack when hit and did not pullout, crashing near the target. Neither of the crew were seen to escape the aircraft. In 1994 the remains from the crash site were recovered and returned to the United States. After positive identification both Marines were buried at Arlington National Cemetery on 19 July 1999 with full military honors."…
(3) An A-37A Dragonfire of the 604th SOS and 3rd TFW out of Bien Hoa blew a tire on take off, the aircraft veered off the runway and was destroyed. The pilot escaped to fly and fight again…
(4) MAJOR ROGER O. CLEMENS and 1LT PETER NASH were flying an F-4D of the 435th TFS and 8th TFW out of Ubon and crashed on a night landing. The aircraft veered off the runway and the back seater successfully ejected. MAJOR CLEMENS perished in the accident… Fate is the hunter…  
SUMMARY OF ROLLING THUNDER LOSSES (KIA/MIA/POW) FOR THE FOUR 19 SEPTEMBER DATES OF THE FOUR YEARS OF THE OPERATION OVER NORTH VIETNAM…
1965, 1967… NONE…
1966… CAPTAIN DONALD G. WALTMAN, USAF…  (POW)… and… LTJG DON BROWN PARSONS, USN… (KIA) …and… LTJG THOMAS HOLT PILKINGTON, USNR… (KIA)… and… LT FRANK MONROE BROWN, USN… (KIA)… and… LTJG DAVID ALLEN HENRY, USN… (KIA)…
1968… MAJOR EDWIN REX CAPLING, USAF… (KIA)… and… CAOPTAIN JOHN ALLEN LAVOO, USMC… (KIA) … and… CAPTAIN ROBERT ALLEN HOLT, USMC… (KIA)…
RIPPLE SALVO… #928… PARIS PEACE TALKS  Session #22. On 9 December 1971, at Session #138, both sides agreed to give up trying to negotiate. This RTR post on Session #22 presents an example of American diplomacy at work. Humble Host posits that the talks in Paris in 1968-1971 are indicative of the conduct and pace of diplomacy then, now and forever, unless of course one side or the other has the POWER, POSITION and RESOLVE to direct the outcome. It wasn't until December 1972–and the deaths of 30,000 more brave troops– that the United States found the will to apply the power required to change the enemy's behavior. Meanwhile, on 18 September 1968 Secretary Rusk sent a set of supplemental instructions to Cyrus Vance in Paris (Lead negotiator Ambassador Harriman was home in U.S.) for his use in Session #22. The lead instruction: "As your previous instructions have made clear, the two  critical points on which we seek the highest possible degree of understanding–as the basis for a decision to stop the bombing–are the inclusion of the GVN in subsequent talks under the 'Your side/our side' formula, and military activity in and near the DMZ." Read at:
NEW YORK TIMES, 19 SEPTEMBER 1968:
"HANOI REWORDS BOMBING STAND, BUT U.S. FINDS NO BASIC CHANGE" BY Anthony Lewis…
"Paris, Sept. 18–The North Vietnamese, using somewhat different language, said today that a halt in American bombing would 'open the way for movement toward a peaceful solution to the Vietnam problem.' American sources saw this phraseology as a new way of saying that the Paris talks would get into substantive issues after a total cessation of the bombing of North Vietnam. They saw no sign of assurances by Hanoi of a mutual scaling down of the war. President Johnson has made such assurances he condition for a bombing halt. 'There was no movement,' Cyrus R. Vance said after today's session of the talks, the 22d since they began last May. Mr. Vance headed the American delegation in the absence of W. Averell Harriman, who is in the United States on personal business (Mother-in-Law's funeral)… 
JOHNSON WORDS PARAPHRASED
"Mr. Vance concluded his formal remarks across the conference table today by saying: 'As for ending the remaining bombing of North Vietnam, we ask that you give us reason to believe that you intend seriously to join with us in de-escalating the fighting and moving seriously toward peace.' That was a paraphrase of a sentence in President Johnson's speech to the Veteran's of foreign Wars in Detroit August 19. In that speech the President rejected advice from many sides that he stop the bombing on the basis of a summer lull in fighting. But he did keep open the possibility of a future halt without a formal Hanoi pledge by saying he would need only 'good reason to believe' in an intention to de-escalate. Today's new formulation by Hanoi seemed to build on one passage in a speech September 2 by North Vietnam's Premier, Phan Van Dong. He said that a bombing halt could 'have a positive effect on the seeking step by step of a political settlement for the Vietnam problem.'
THUY REITERATES DEMAND
"Xuan Thuy, the chief Hanoi delegate, reiterated the familiar demand for an unconditional cessation. He added that this would be a 'first step opening the way to move toward  a peaceful solution on the basis of respect for the fundamental rights of the Vietnamese people.' The delegation spokesman Nguyen Thanh Le, gave that line several times in slightly varied forms in his press briefing afterwards. He also said one other thing that interested the earnest seekers for significance in verbal nuance here. He was asked whether, after a bombing pause, Hanoi would insist that the United States conditionally do other things the Communists have mentioned–recognized the National Liberation Front, withdraw all troops from South Vietnam and so forth.
"Mr. Le said the bombing must stop 'without any conditions.' He then said that the United States must also do the other thing–but he did not add the phrase about conditions, perhaps implying that these subjects were negotiable."….  End quote…
Even as writer Lewis was filing his story on Session #22, Cyrus Vance was on the phone to the State Department to report that "there was no progress and statement of 'understanding'" and contended that the North Vietnamese 'had no authority from Hanoi to respond in the face of our rather precise statements.'" Ambassador Harriman was back in Paris on the 19th and together with Vance met with the two top dogs for the North Vietnamese, (Tho and Thuy) for 3 and 1/2 hours on 20 September. A one-page summary of the meeting is available at the link, State Department, Historical Document 24. Diplomats at work…the search for the right word… The North Vietnamese are adamant that there will be on other subject discussed until the United States stops the bombing. The United States will not stop the bombing until North Vietnam agrees to discuss other things and or make a move to de-escalate in response to the initial 90% reduction of the bombing made by the President on 31 March 1968.   Impasse.. "a predicament from which there is no obvious escape."…   (Unless there is the will to apply the requisite amount of power to force the opposition to alter his behavior)… One hundred fourteen sessions, and the lives of 30,000 more American fighting men to go…  Read the Harriman telegram of 20 September at…
RTR quote for 19 September: CARL PHILLIPP GOTTFRIED von CLAUSEWITZ: "Pursue one great decisive aim with force and determination."
Lest we forget…    Bear
 
Item Number:1 Date: 09/19/2018 AFGHANISTAN - 16 TALIBAN KILLED IN ATTACK ON BORDER POLICE (SEP 19/TN)  TOLONEWS -- At least 16 Taliban fighters have been killed and 14 wounded in fighting in Afghanistan's southern Kandahar province, reports the Tolo News (Afghanistan).   On Tuesday, Taliban fighters attacked the Afghan border forces' 5th Battalion in the southeastern Shorabak district, said the provincial police chief.   Fighting lasted into Wednesday, he said.   Casualty figures among the security forces varied. Two members of the security forces were also wounded, he said. A separate source said that four were killed and five injured.  
 
  Item Number:6 Date: 09/19/2018 NIGERIA - RED CROSS CONFIRMS DEATH OF AID WORKER KIDNAPPED BY BOKO HARAM (SEP 19/VANGUARD)  VANGUARD -- Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari has called for the immediate release of captives held by the Boko Haram terrorist group after it was confirmed that a kidnapped aid worker had been killed, reports the Vanguard (Nigeria).   Buhari condemned the murder and said his government would use all means to bring home citizens held against their will by Boko Haram.   In March, Saifura Hussaini Ahmed Khorsa and two other aid workers were kidnapped by Boko Haram militants at the Rann camp for internally displaced persons in Borno state in northeastern Nigeria.   The International Committee of the Red Cross confirmed the death of Saifura on Monday after local media reported it had obtained video evidence.   The militants have threatened to harm the other captives.  
  Item Number:7 Date: 09/19/2018 NORTH KOREA - KIM EXPRESSES WILLINGNESS FOR INSPECTIONS IN RETURN FOR U.S. CONCESSIONS (SEP 19/REU)  REUTERS -- The North Korean government says it is willing to close key facilities associated with its nuclear program if the U.S. grants unspecified concessions, reports Reuters.   During a joint press conference on Wednesday, South Korean President Moon Jae In said he and North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un had agreed to establish peace on the Korean peninsula and abandon nuclear weapons.   Pyongyang agreed to allow international inspectors to verify the closure of its missile engine testing site and launch pad in Dongchang Ri, the leaders said in a joint statement.   The North is also willing to permanently dismantle its main nuclear facilities in Yongbyon in return for undefined concessions from the U.S. This could include a declaration ending the war on the Korean peninsula, said South Korean National Security Adviser Chung Eui Yong.   Pyongyang says it dismantled its only known nuclear test site in May but it has not allowed inspectors to verify that. The move has been criticized as easily reversed.   Moon is scheduled to meet Donald Trump next week in New York. The South Korean President is expected to push for renewed talks with the North.   South Korean analysts said the facilities at Dongchang Ri and Yongbyon are obsolete and that Pyongyang has mobile missile launchers that are difficult to detect and likely covert nuclear sites elsewhere
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  Item Number:10 Date: 09/19/2018 SYRIA - 113 IRANIANS KILLED IN RECENT ISRAELI AIRSTRIKES, SAYS WATCHDOG (SEP 19/HA)  HAARETZ -- The Israeli military has reportedly killed scores of Iranian soldiers and militiamen in Syria in the last month, according to the U.K.-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, as reported by Haaretz (Israel).   According to the report published on Monday, at least 113 Iranian soldiers and Tehran-backed militiamen were killed in Israeli airstrikes in Syria over the last month.   About 140 Iranian troops have been killed in Israeli strikes in the past five months, the observatory said.   The source of these figures was not immediately clear.   The observatory said that there are 32,000 foreign nationals fighting with the Syrian military, including Hezbollah fighters from Lebanon, Iranians, Iraqis, Afghans and militants from Asian countries.   Around 8,000 foreign fighters have died in the Syrian civil war, as well as about 1,665 Hezbollah militants, says the report.  
  Item Number:11 Date: 09/19/2018 SYRIA - 13 KILLED AS SDF OP AGAINST ISIS IN DEIR EZZOR CONTINUES (SEP 19/SOHR)  SYRIAN OBSERVATORY FOR HUMAN RIGHTS -- At least five fighters from the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) and eight ISIS terrorists have been killed in fighting in Syria's eastern Deir Ezzor province, reports the U.K.-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.   The fatalities occurred in the previous 24 hours on the eastern bank of the Euphrates River, the watchdog group said on Tuesday.   The death toll was expected to increase due to the number of seriously wounded.   Witnesses reported seeing two columns of coalition vehicles, including five mine sweepers and nine Humvees.   Fighting is intense and some SDF fighters have been forced to abandon their positions at night, frustrating attempts to advance on the terrorist group.   At least 55 members of the SDF and 89 ISIS fighters have been killed since Sept. 10, according to figures compiled by the group.   On Sept. 11, the SDF and coalition forces launched the third and final phase of Operation Roundup, the Stars and Stripes reported at the time.  
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