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Friday, September 7, 2018

TheList 4806

The List 4806TGB


To All,
I hope that your week has been going well.
Regards,
Skip
This day in Naval History
Sept. 6
1918—In the first use of major-caliber naval guns in a land offensive, a U.S. naval railway battery of five, 14-inch guns begin long-range bombardment of German forces near Soissons, France.
1930—USS Grebe (AM 43) arrives at Santo Domingo with supplies and medicines for victims of a hurricane three days prior. She is joined by USS Gilmer (DD 223) with a party of Marines for relief and rescue work.
1939—The Navy begins formation of Neutrality Patrol for Atlantic Ocean.
1940—First destroyers transferred to Great Britain at Halifax, Nova Scotia, under "Destroyers-for- Bases agreement.
1944—USS Independence (CVL 22) begins the use of a specially trained air-group for night work. This time was the first in which a fully equipped night carrier operated with a fast carrier task force.
1945 - U.S. troops begin returning to U.S. when Task Force 11 left Tokyo Bay for U.S.
1947—A captured German V 2 rocket from World War II is successfully launched from a ship, fired by USS Midway (CVB 41).
1953—Exchange of prisoners of war from Korean War called Operation Big Switch ends.
1997—USS Hopper (DDG 70) is commissioned at San Francisco, Calif. The Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer is the first ship in the Navy to be named after the pioneering computer scientist Rear Adm. Grace Hopper, often referred to as Grandma COBOL.
1997—USS Louisiana (SSBN 743) is commissioned at its homeport of Submarine Base Kings Bay, Ga. The boat is the last of the Navy's 18 Ohio-class nuclear-powered fleet ballistic missile submarines.
 
 
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
National headlines include coverage on two hurricanes in the Atlantic gaining strength, the case against a former Blackwater contractor accused of killing Iraqi civilians ending in a mistrial, and two earthquakes hitting Japan following a typhoon. Defense News reports that CNO Adm. John Richardson stated that the Navy must be able to confront great powers in areas short of open warfare. "This competition is defined by a spectrum," Richardson said. "You've heard terms like 'gray war,' 'competition below the level of conflict': All of these sorts of phrases try to grasp at this very smooth spectrum, from competition all the way to conflict. Our response to that going forward is going to be key to ensure that we are not only competitive but ahead. It's not sufficient to be competitive, we want to be winning." Additionally, Stars and Stripes reports that the USS Michael Murphy is in Australia to take part in the 27 nation Kakadu 2018 exercise.
Today in History
September 6
394

Theodosius becomes sole ruler of Italy after defeating Eugenius at the Battle of the River Frigidus.
1422

Sultan Murat II ends a vain siege of Constantinople.
1522

One of the five ships that set out in Ferdinand Magellan's trip around the world makes it back to Spain. Only 15 of the original 265 men that set out survived. Magellan was killed by natives in the Philippines.
1688

Imperial troops defeat the Turks and take Belgrade, Serbia.
1793

French General Jean Houchard and his 40,000 men begin a three-day battle against an Anglo-Hanoveraian army at Hondschoote, southwest Belgium, in the wars of the French Revolution.
1847

Henry David Thoreau leaves Walden Pond and moves back into town, to Concord, Massachusetts.
1861

Union General Ulysses S. Grant's forces capture Paducah, Kentucky from Confederate forces.
1870

The last British troops to serve in Austria are withdrawn.
1901

President William McKinley is shot while attending a reception at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York, by 28-year-old anarchist Leon Czolgosz. McKinley dies eight days later, the third American president assassinated.
1907

The luxury liner Lusitania leaves London for New York on her maiden voyage.
1918

The German Army begins a general retreat across the Aisne, with British troops in pursuit.
1936

Aviator Beryl Markham flies the first east-to-west solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean.
1937

The Soviet Union accuses Italy of torpedoing two Russian ships in the Mediterranean.
1941

Germany announces that all Jews living in the country will have to begin wearing a Star of David.
1943

The United States asks the Chinese Nationals to join with the Communists to present a common front to the Japanese.
1953

The last American and Korean prisoners are exchanged in Operation Big Switch, the last official act of the Korean War.
1965

Indian troops invade Lahore; Pakistan paratroopers raid Punjab.
1972

The world learns an earlier announcement that all Israeli athletes taken hostage at the Munich Olympics had been rescued was erroneous; all had been killed by their captors from the Black September terrorist group; all but 3 terrorists also died in shootout around midnight.
1976

A Soviet pilot lands his MIG-25 in Tokyo and asks for political asylum in the United States.
1976

Lieutenant Viktor Belenko, a Soviet air force pilot defects, flying a MiG-25 jet fighter to Japan and requesting political asylum in US.
1988

Lee Roy Young becomes the first African-American Texas Ranger in the force's 165-year history.
1991

USSR officially recognizes independence for the Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
1991

Leningrad, second-largest city in the USSR, is changed to Saint Petersburg, which had been the city's name prior to 1924.
1995

Baltimore Orioles' Cal Ripken Jr. plays in his 2,131st consecutive game, breaking a 56-year MLB record held by Lou Gehrig; in 2007 fans voted this achievement the most memorable moment in MLB history.
1997

Funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales: over 1 million people line London's streets to honor her and 2.5 billion watched the event on TV.
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Thanks to Carl
 
 
Last living member of Marine aviation legend Joe Foss' 'Flying Circus' recalls Guadalcanal
Marine veteran Sam Folsom, 98, who flew fighters at Guadalcanal in World War II, where he shot down three Japanese aircraft, and served later in the Korean War is honored on the field at Dodger Stadium Aug. 14, 2018.

Published: August 31, 2018


LOS ANGELES — Sam Folsom had never flown an airplane above 10,000 feet or fired the weapons on the F4F Wildcat fighter he would soon pilot into combat when he arrived on Guadalcanal in September 1942.
The battle for the strategic, jungle-covered South Pacific island was raging, as Folsom and the bulk of his inexperienced fighter squadron VMF-121 joined the operation. They were tasked with finding and destroying Japanese G4M medium bombers – known as "Betty Bombers" – that had been wreaking havoc on American troops on their first major offensive in the Pacific theater during World War II.
"We were in combat immediately with no experience," Folsom, 98, recently told Stars and Stripes. "Green as can be – very few of us had any real flight experience. I guess I had 12 or 14 hours in the F4F when I got into combat."
It showed from the outset, he recalled.
Just days after reaching Guadalcanal, Folsom found himself piloting his Wildcat upward of 25,000 feet when a formation of Japanese A6M Zero fighters and Betty Bombers approached. For the first time, Folsom maneuvered his fighter into position, moving onto the tail of an enemy plane to line up the sights for the six M2 .50-caliber machine guns mounted on his Wildcat's wings. He pulled the trigger.
"Nothing happened," Folsom recalled.
Folsom's squadron had covered its guns in lubricant before he took off, but at altitude the coating froze, rendering the machine guns useless.
"I don't remember anything except thinking, 'Jesus, are these damn guns going to fire?' " Folsom said. "Very frustrating. Causes bad words to come from your mouth."
It would happen twice more to Folsom – and dozens of additional times to his squadron mates – before the unit realized the cause. Folsom would leave Guadalcanal with three air-to-air kills – after downing a pair of Betty Bombers and a D3A Type 99 "Val," a carrier-based Japanese dive bomber.
To the best of his knowledge, Folsom said, he is the only living member of his fighter squadron.
In honor of his 98th birthday, Folsom took the field Aug. 14 at Los Angeles' Dodger Stadium, where the Major League Baseball team celebrated him as its Hero of the Game.
It was a moment, like so many others in his life, he said he would treasure.
'I didn't dream it'
Seventy-six years after Guadalcanal, Folsom admits he does not remember his days swooping through the clouds over the South Pacific as well as he once did. Those memories, he said, sometimes feel like dreams.
"It's like I'm sitting here telling you an awful big lie," Folsom said during an interview in the living room of his apartment in a Santa Monica, Calif., high-rise that looks north toward Beverly Hills. "You no longer have any touch with really something that went on 70, 80 years ago. It's gone. I must have dreamed that. But I didn't. I didn't dream it."
He regularly shares his experiences, sitting for hours recently for interviews by a neighbor, Los Angeles-area filmmaker Steven C. Barber, who plans to turn the footage into a documentary.
Barber describes his meeting Folsom as "pure chance," meeting Folsom and his wife of 68 years, Barbara Cole Folsom, 90, in their neighborhood.
"I saw he was wearing a Marine hat and asked him about it," Barber said. "Talking to him, I thought, 'I've got to share this man's story.' "
Sam Folsom poses in Samoa with his F4F Wildcat with Popeye art in 1942, after he left the Battle of Guadalcanal in World War II. He was credited with shooting down three Japanese aircraft -- two G4M Betty Bombers and a D3A Val dive bomber-- at Guadalcanal. 
 

With a hint of an accent from his native Massachusetts, Folsom rattles off dates, locations and the numbers identifying the units he flew with in World War II, during the American occupation of Japan, in the Korean War and as an instructor and test pilot in the United States. He retired from the service in 1960 as a lieutenant colonel to take an executive position at Pan American World Airways and eventually settled into a long real estate career in New York City.
Marine Corps "through and through," as a neighbor described him, Folsom eschews accepting more help than he deems necessary. He declines to use a cane or walker and often refuses the aid of a friend or family member's arm.
When he took the field at Dodger Stadium, he shrugged off offerings of support as he raised his arms high over his Marine Corps ball cap-covered head, waving to the crowd of nearly 47,000, which roared its approval.
The veteran of two wars -- just two years shy of reaching a century on earth -- accepted handshakes and "thank yous" from fans and from Dodger third baseman Justin Turner and outfielder Matt Kemp as he made his way up the legendary stadium's concrete steps.
"I enjoyed every moment of it," he said, smiling broadly as he looked down at the field where the Dodgers and San Francisco Giants were battling.
Flying at Guadalcanal
Folsom is among the last surviving men to have piloted a Marine aircraft in the Battle of Guadalcanal, a decisive victory for the Allied forces in the Pacific and widely considered a turning point in the campaign against the Japanese. To the best of his knowledge, Folsom said, he is the only living member of his fighter squadron, a team of 40 pilots that lost 17 in the three months it spent on the island. Overall, Allied forces lost 7,100 men; Japan casualties were 31,000.
The fight was difficult. His squadron lived in tents near Henderson Field, the key airstrip that was built by the Japanese and completed by U.S. Navy Seabees after Marines stormed the island in the offensive that caught the enemy by surprise. Though Folsom insists the conditions could have been much worse, he acknowledged that aviators often went without hot food and basic supplies were in heavy demand. Uniforms and clothing, he said, were so scarce that Marines would raid the quarters of their comrades who were shot down or went missing.
"We had a shortage," he said. "It wasn't heartless. Don't misunderstand me – it's just that it happened. People didn't make it. A lot of people didn't make it. It was war."
Despite the losses, Folsom's squadron gained recognition, earning the moniker "Foss's Flying Circus." The unit's executive officer, then-Maj. Joe Foss, became renowned for his exceptional flying skills, earning 26 enemy air-to-air kills, making him the Marine Corps' top ace at the time. For his actions at Guadalcanal, Foss was awarded the Medal of Honor in 1943. He reached the rank of brigadier general in the South Dakota Air National Guard and served as that state's 20th governor.
"Very straightforward," Folsom said of Foss, who died in 2003 at 87. "He acted the part. He knew what he was doing. He was a great flyer; he was a great shot."
Folsom does not hold another renowned Marine Corps flyer and Medal of Honor recipient in such regard. Folsom recalls being underwhelmed after meeting Gregory "Pappy" Boyington, the commander of VMA-214 and an ace with a penchant for drinking and fighting his own men.
"They called his squadron the Black Sheep Squadron, but it was he who was the black sheep," Folsom said. "He was in trouble all the time. He drank a lot. His squadron was highly regarded, and he was highly regarded as a pilot, but he was not the image of a Marine."
For Folsom, more than the heroic moments – the air-to-air kills, the action that earned him a Distinguished Flying Cross – it was the close calls at Guadalcanal that largely stick out in his mind.
 
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With our thanks to THE Bear at http://www.rollingthunderremembered.com/
 
ROLLING THUNDER REMEMBERED… 6 SEPTEMBER 1968… "408 U.S. SOLDIERS KILLED IN A WEEK"…
 
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The US Military is No Longer a Male Rite of Passage
By Ray Starmann
Remember, the old expression, 'the Army will make a man out of you.' Or, the Marines great recruiting tagline, "Looking for a few good men." How about the Navy's action-packed 1980's commercials with F-14's blasting off into the wild blue yonder under the cover of smoke and exhaust fumes as a gravelly voice told a nation of young men that to join the Navy wasn't just a job, but an adventure.
From the birth of this nation, the military was seen as a male rite of passage, something one joined, not only out of patriotism, but to prove something to oneself; perhaps, like Phil Caputo, to avoid the complete drudgery of civilian life, and to find oneself in that ultimate crucible of manhood - war.
Young males always admired the generations of men who went before them and who had served honorably and survived to 'stand a tip-toe' for the rest of their days.
But, since, Tailhook in Sept of 1991, in what I believe was the launching point for the PC destruction of the US military, our armed forces have been on a downward spiral into an abyss of diversity, feminism, political correctness and cowardly leadership.
And, now, literally every week there are one or two or three stories detailing just how deep in the PC abyss the military has sunk.
Today, the Army Times, aka the Diversity Times, shouted out with glee the joyous fact that Staff Sgt. Amanda Kelley, 29, is the first enlisted woman to earn a Ranger tab.
1st Armored Division spokeswoman Lt. Col. Crystal Boring, could barely keep herself from busting out of her maternity army combat uniform when she updated Old Ironside's Twitter Page with this announcement -
HISTORIC MOMENT!
Congratulations to @USArmy Staff Sgt. Amanda F. Kelley for being the first enlisted woman to graduate Ranger School, and earn the coveted Ranger tab today at Fort Benning, Ga. She is the true definition of an #IronSoldier
Oh rejoice! Diversity!
Who cares if we get our asses handed to us against the ChiComs? The important thing is to keep the lie going, national security be damned!
Kelley is a military intelligence electronic warfare specialist, serving in a combat aviation brigade. One might begin to ask oneself why in the name of God this soldier was sent to Ranger School, wasting tax payer money and taking a slot that some young stud in an Infantry Battalion could have filled.
Kelley's attendance at Camp Diversity, aka Make-Believe Land, aka Fantasy Island, aka Ranger School and her 'graduation', served no other purpose than to shove another female through the course so Kirsten Gillibrand can get a tingle down her leg.
Ranger School used to be one of the toughest military schools in the world. For decades, men trained hard with the hope that they could earn a Ranger tab, maybe even serve in a Ranger battalion, maybe follow in the footsteps of the Boys of Pointe du Hoc and Merrill's Marauders.
Why even go to Ranger School now? They're graduating mommies, the cheerleader you wanted to date in high school and the butch dyke down the block.
Not exactly a male rite of passage, anymore is it? More like an episode of Big Brother – Blanks and Boots.
And, mark my words, you heard it here first, there will be some bimbo in the coming months sporting a Green Beret and the liberal world will shout loud and high about the joys of diversity and how men and women are physically equal, when every Swingin' Richard on Smoke and Mirrors Hill at Bragg, knows damned well that the standards have been lowered so much at the SFQC that Granny Clampett could be your next A Team light weapons sergeant.
While the PC warriors celebrate diversity, our enemies are licking their chops like Wiley Coyote at an all you can eat ACME buffet. And, this time Wiley is going to kick some butt.
Our enemies are dying with laughter every day now. They don't even have to squeeze off a round or drop a mortar in a tube. We're doing all the work for them as we destroy ourselves in the name of feminism and political correctness.
What red blooded American male would want to serve in a US military of drag queens, cadets in red high heels, Mommy Rangers, lactating chicks in the field and waddling battalion commanders?
There's a known fact that the feminist crowd would like to keep buried, like those Green Cards for those Ranger tabbed ladies that Benning hides so well - any industry women take over, men leave… in droves.
The future of the US military is a largely female force (there are currently 170,000 serving in the US Army) with a smattering of gay men, men who think they're women, liberals in skinny fatigues and aggrieved soy boys.
The future of the US military is a broken force, a devastated force, if anything is left at all on some distant battlefield.
A perfect storm is brewing in the US military now. It's a combination of a worthless Secretary of Defense who is probably the biggest disappointment since Evil Knievel's failed Snake River Canyon jump, a Congress with few veterans and those who are, are mostly female, cowardly generals and admirals, liberal generals and admirals, a vocal LGBT mafia in the Beltway, candyass Millennial recruits and the feminist lobby which believes combat power equals the number of pregnant women a division has in its TO&E.
Nope, the US military just isn't macho anymore.
And, that's a big, big problem.
 
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Thanks to Gailard - 
Good story from USSVI (Submarine Vets) News Letter.  Some eye openers on Subs around the world.  Especially China.
Gailard
 
How Stealthy Are The World's Subs?
Logan Nye, We Are The Mighty, August 21

There used to be a rough ranking system for people who followed sub warfare. The best diesel submarines are the most quiet when they aren't running their diesel, followed by the best nuclear submarines, followed by crappy and older subs.

But over the past couple of decades, submarine technology has gotten so advanced that the engine might not even be the limiting factor. Now, sub hunters look for a lot more than a bit of engine or pump noise under the water.

They search for heat trails created by friction between the water and the hull, listen for bubbles that form in the low pressure zones on the backs of propellers, and search for magnetic signatures given off by some sub components. Though modern submarine hulls are often made out of non-magnetic or low-magnetic materials to reduce this signature, some components are naturally magnetic and electrical currents passing through circuits and motors creates small magnetic fields.

Taking a look at these minute details, it's clear why submarine technology is so heavily guarded. If the enemy finds out that your new motor is quieter but makes a magnetic field that is larger than old designs, they'll buy better magnetic anomaly detectors (yes, that's a real name). And if they find out your engine is stealthier than their engine, they'll try to steal it (looking at you, China).
So, what's the hierarchy of subs look like right now?

At the top are a few kinds of air-independent propulsion systems, meaning that the subs never or very rarely have to surface to let in oxygen during a cruise. There are two major kinds of AIP submarines, those that use diesel or similar fuel and those that use nuclear power.


  

In general, the stealthiest subs are generally acknowledged to be non-nuclear boats when they're running on battery power. Sweden has a sub that fits this bill that is well-regarded across the world and has managed to evade a U.S. carrier group's anti-submarine screen so well that it "killed" a U.S. aircraft carrier during an exercise. China and Russia also have subs in this category and use them for shoreline defense.

Just beneath that group is nuclear submarines that generate electricity and then use an electric motor to drive the propeller or the pump jets (pump jets are preferred because they are less likely to create cavitation, more on that in the next paragraph). America's newest submarines fit into this category. They have a small disadvantage against advanced AIP diesel-electric because the nuclear reactors must be continuously cooled using pumps which generate some noise.

Many of America's subs were created before pump jets matured and have more traditional propellers. At the right depths and propeller speeds, propellers cause cavitation where the water boils in the low-pressure zone near the propeller despite the low temperatures. The telltale bubbles collapse almost immediately, letting good sonar operators follow the noise directly to the enemy sub.

Regardless of whether the sub is using pump jets or conventional propellers, it's less stealthy when the reactors provide power directly to the propeller. U.S. subs are transitioning to only generating power and then using the electrical power to control the engines. China recently claimed to have developed the components necessary for the same upgrade.

Another step down for diesel subs is when they have low-capacity batteries. Having a low capacity forces the sub to surface and run its engines more often, making them much more likely to be found via radar or satellite.

The oldest diesel subs are also less likely to be designed with sufficiently quiet engines or sound dampening. These older diesel subs are also more likely to be made with steel that can be detected by magnetic anomaly detectors, but at this point, we're only talking about navies like North Korea's.

The fact is, however, even at the level of antiquated diesel submarines with direct power going to the engines, small batteries, and little sound dampening, it takes a relatively advanced navy to detect enemy subs.

Sub hunters need solid sonar systems and well-trained operators that can distinguish an enemy sub running quiet from the surrounding ocean noise, especially if the sub moves into a noisy patch of ocean like littoral or tidal areas, where the water rushing over rocks and coral hides the acoustic signatures of all but the noisiest submarines.

While all truly modern navies can do this, not all ships are capable of hunting even older submarines, so older models still give an asymmetric advantage to a nation. But for modern navies like the U.S. and China, the competing sailors have to use every trick in their toolbox to retain an edge.

This is a relatively new development since Chinese subs were known as being laughably loud to U.S. forces just a few years ago. While it's unclear in the unclassified world just how much China has closed the gap, they've made claims that they're actually slightly ahead of the U.S. This seems unlikely, but China has shown off advanced technologies, like pump jets, that could put its tech within striking distance of the U.S.'

And its subs have twice threatened U.S. carriers, once surfacing well within torpedo range and once shadowing a U.S. carrier near Japan. The U.S. Navy might have spotted the subs and decided to not risk starting a war by engaging it, but it's also possible that the Chinese subs actually got the jump on them.

Meanwhile, the U.S. has completed its own submarine surprise against China. In 2010, the U.S. surfaced three submarines simultaneously, one each near South Korea, The Philippines, and Diego Garcia, all within range of Chinese forces or the Chinese mainland. Between the three boats, they could carry 462 Tomahawk Land Attack Missiles.

So, it seems that in submarine warfare, the advantage still lies with the subs. But modern submariners are still counting on every advantage that their training, scientists, and engineers can give them, because in a small metal tube hundreds of feet underwater is a horrible time to find out you're not as stealthy as you'd hoped.
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Item Number:2 Date: 09/06/2018 AFGHANISTAN - KABUL SUICIDE BOMBING TARGETS SHI'ITE NEIGHBORHOOD (SEP 06/DPA)  DEUTSCHE PRESSE-AGENTUR -- At least 26 people have been killed and 91 wounded in a coordinated bombing in Kabul, reports Deutsch Presse-Agentur, citing a Public Health Ministry spokesman on Thursday.   On Wednesday, a suicide bomber detonated his explosives at a wrestling hall in the predominately-Shi'ite Qala-e-Nazer neighborhood, reported Tolo News (Afghanistan).   An hour later, a car bomb exploded, killing police, journalists and first responders at the scene, reported Agence France-Presse.   Witnesses said the bomber killed the club's guards before entering and setting off his explosives.   The Islamic State terrorist group claimed responsibility for the attack
Item Number:3 Date: 09/06/2018 BURKINA FASO - 2 SOLDIERS KILLED BY IED AS MILITANT THREAT GROWS (SEP 06/AFP)  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- Two Burkinabe soldiers have been killed and six wounded after their vehicle hit a roadside bomb in the eastern part of the country, reports Agence France-Presse.   The mine-clearance team hit an improvised explosive device (IED) on Wednesday while traveling to the site of a similar attack last week in Pama. The team was deployed to search for and eliminate IEDs planted by militants in the region, said an unnamed security source.   Last week, seven people were killed in an IED attack on the town.   Police and gendarmes have been sent to reinforce security in the eastern part of the country, where militant violence has been growing.  
  Item Number:10 Date: 09/06/2018 MOROCCO - INTELLIGENCE SERVICES FOIL ISIS PLOT (SEP 06/MAP)  AGENCE MAGHREB ARAB PRESSE -- Moroccan intelligence services say they have broken up a terror cell affiliated with the Islamic State (ISIS), reports Morocco's official Maroc Arab Presse.   The Central Bureau of Judiciary Investigations (BCIJ) dismantled the three-man cell which was planning explosive attacks in the country, the interior ministry said on Thursday.   The suspects, aged 25 to 26, were arrested on Thursday. Their case will be referred to the public prosecutor's office.   The group was active in Tetouan and Agadir, in the north and western parts of the country.   Police recovered knives, a military uniform, computer equipment and extremist literature during the arrest
  Item Number:13 Date: 09/06/2018 USA - F-35C, F/A-18F DAMAGED DURING AERIAL REFUELING EXERCISE (SEP 06/USNIN)  USNI NEWS -- A mishap during an aerial refueling exercise has resulted in damage to a U.S. Navy F-35C Lightning II and an F/A-18F Super Hornet fighter, reports USNI News.   On Aug. 22, the F-35C, operated by Strike Fighter Squadron 125 (VFA-125), was damaged when debris from an aerial refueling basket was ingested into its engine while it was receiving fuel from an F/A-18F Super Hornet, said a Navy official on Tuesday.   Both aircraft were able to land safety and no injuries were reported.   Damage to the F-35C exceeded the $2 million threshold for a Class A mishap, which is reserved for the most severe incidents, said a spokesman for Naval Air Force Atlantic.   The damage to the Super Hornet was declared a Class C mishap, which requires damage between $50,000 and $500,000, the spokesman said.   According to the most recent contract award, a new F-35 engine would cost about $14 million.   The Navy has launched an investigation into the incident.   The F-35 was taking part in an integrated air wing test event aboard the carrier Abraham Lincoln when the incident occurred. The trials are designed to validate how the aircraft is operated and maintained at sea. The Navy plans to declare initial operational capability for the F-35C in February 2019
 
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