Tuesday, August 21, 2018

TheList 4793

The List 4793 TGB

To All,
I hope that you all had a great weekend.
This day in Naval History
Aug. 20
1929—A UO-1 airplane piloted by Lt. Adolphus W. Gorton makes a successful hook-up landing aboard USS Los Angeles (ZR 3) over Lakehurst, NJ.
1942—USS Long Island (ACV 1) delivers 31 Marine Corps aircraft to Henderson Field, Guadalcanal. The field allows close air support of the Marines ashore by their own aircraft. It is completed by Seabees after capture from the Japanese.
1942—A PBY 5A from VP-73 sinks German submarine U-464 in the North Atlantic.
1944—TBM aircraft from USS Bogue (CVE 9) sink the German submarine U-1229.
1959—USS Thetis Bay (LPH 6) completes a six-day humanitarian operation after floods in Taiwan.
Executive Summary:
Top national news headlines include continuing coverage of the Russia probe, a federal investigation of former Presidential attorney Michael Cohen for $20 million in bank fraud, and ongoing fallout from a Roman Catholic sex abuse scandal in Pennsylvania. USNI News reports that a Marine who was reported missing from USS Essex has been identified as Cpl. Jonathan Currier and declared deceased, according to a statement from U.S. Pacific Fleet. Bloomberg News reports that Huntington Ingalls Industries Inc. remains short of labor hour reduction goals for the construction of the USS John F. Kennedy. Additionally, the Associated Press reports that the Pentagon is preparing to dispatch the USNS Comfort to Colombia help relieve the strain on health care systems overloaded by Venezuelan refugees.
Today in History August 20

A Byzantine counter-offensive is routed by Syeon at Anchialus, Bulgaria.

The first group of twenty Africans is brought to Jamestown, Virginia.

John Milton publishes Paradise Lost, an epic poem about the fall of Adam and Eve.

Danish navigator Vitus Jonas Bering, commissioned by Peter the Great of Russia to find land connecting Asia and North America, discovers America.

American General "Mad Anthony" Wayne defeats the Ohio Indians at the Battle of Fallen Timbers in the Northwest territory, ending Indian resistance in the area.

General Winfield Scott wins the Battle of Churubusco on his drive to Mexico City.

Dublin's Abbey Theatre is founded, an outgrowth of the Irish Literary Theatre founded in 1899 by William Butler Yeats and Lady Gregory.

The American Great White Fleet arrives in Sydney, Australia, to a warm welcome.

700 feet above Buc, France, parachutist Adolphe Pegoud becomes the first person to jump from an airplane and land safely.

Russia wins an early victory over Germany at Gumbinnen.

After a previous machine gun attack failed, exiled Russian Leon Trotsky is assassinated in Mexico City, with an alpine ax to the back of the head.

Radar is used for the first time, by the British during the Battle of Britain. Also on this day, in a radio broadcast, Winston Churchill makes his famous homage to the Royal Air Force: "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."

Adolf Hitler authorizes the development of the V-2 missile.

United States and British forces close the pincers on German units in the Falaise-Argentan pocket in France.

USSR publicly acknowledges it tested a hydrogen bomb eight days earlier.

Hundreds killed in anti-French rioting in Morocco and Algeria.

USSR recovers 2 dogs, Belka and Strelka, the first animals to be launched into orbit and returned alive (Sputnik 5).

East Germany begins erecting a wall along western border to replace barbed wire put up Aug 13; US 1st Battle Group, 18th Infantry Division arrives in West Berlin.

US President Lyndon Baines Johnson signs the Economic Opportunity Act, an anti-poverty measure totaling nearly $1 billion, as part of his War on Poverty.

Some 650,000 Warsaw Pact troops invade Czechoslovakia to quell reformers there.

The Cambodian military launches a series of operations against the Khmer Rouge.

US Vice President Gerald Ford, who had replaced Spiro Agnew, assumes the Office of the President after Richard Nixon resigns; Ford names Nelson Rockefeller as VP.

NASA launches Viking 1; with Viking 2, launched a few days later, provided high-resolution mapping of Mars, revolutionizing existing views of the planets.

The Penmanshiel Diversion on the  the East Coast Main Line rail route between England and Scotland opens, replacing the 134-year-old Penmanshiel Tunnel that had collapsed in March.

UN Security Council condemns Israel's declaration that all of Jerusalem is its capital; vote is 14-0, with US abstaining.

A multinational force including 800 US Marines lands in Beirut, Lebanon, to oversee Palestinian withdrawal during the Lebanese Civil War.

Part-time mail carrier Patrick Sherrill shoots 20 fellow workers killing 14 at Edmond Okla., the first mass shooting by an individual in an office environment in the US. His actions give rise to the phrase "going postal," for sudden violent outbursts.

Iraq moves Western hostages to military installations to use them as human shields against air attacks by a US-led multinational coalition.

After an attempted coup in the Soviet Union, Estonia declares independence from the USSR.

Secret negotiations in Norway lead to agreement on the Oslo Peace Accords, an attempt to resolve the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Miracle, the Sacred White Buffalo, born on Heider Farm near Janesville, Wisc. The first white (not albino) buffalo born since 1933, she was a important religious symbol for many US and Canadian Indian tribes.

The Supreme Court of Canada rules Quebec cannot legally secede from Canada without the federal government's approval.

US launches cruise missile attacks against alleged al-Qaida camps in Afghanistan and a suspected chemical plant in Sudan in retaliation for the Aug. 7 bombings of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania.

A group of Iraqis opposed to the regime of Saddam Hussein seize the Iraqi Embassy in Berlin; after five hours they release their hostages and surrender.
Thanks to Al
Monday Morning Humor--Think About It
Submitted by Colleen Grosso:
do drugstores make the sick walk all the way to the back of the store to get their prescriptions while healthy people can buy cigarettes at the front.
do people order double cheeseburgers, large fries, and a diet coke.
do banks leave vault doors open and then chain the pens to the counters..
do we leave cars worth thousands of dollars in the driveway and put our useless junk in the garage.
do we buy hot dogs in packages of ten and buns in Packages of eight..
do they have drive-up ATM machines with Braille lettering.
Ever Wonder
Why the sun lightens our hair, but darkens our skin?
Why you never see the headline 'Psychic Wins Lottery'?
Why is 'abbreviated' such a long word?
Why is it that doctors call what they do 'practice'?
Why is lemon juice made with artificial flavor, and dishwashing liquid made with real lemons?
Why is the man who Invests all your money called a broker?
Why is the time of day with the slowest traffic called rush hour?
Why isn't there mouse-flavored cat food?
Why didn't Noah swat those two mosquitoes?
Why do they sterilize the needle for lethal injections?
You know that Indestructible black box that is used on airplanes? Why don't they make the whole plane out of that stuff?!
Why don't sheep shrink when it rains?
Why are they called apartments when they are all stuck together?
If con is the opposite of pro, is Congress the opposite of progress?
If flying is so safe, why do they call the airport the terminal?
Submitted by Mark Logan:
Idle Thoughts of a Retired Person
I planted some bird seed. A bird came up. Now I don't know what to feed it.
I had amnesia once -- or twice.
Protons have mass? I didn't even know they were Catholic.
All I ask is a chance to prove that money can't make me happy.
What is a "free" gift? Aren't all gifts free?
They told me I was gullible ... and I believed them.
Teach a child to be polite and courteous in the home and, when he grows up, he'll never be able to merge his car onto a freeway.
Two can live as cheaply as one, for half as long.
Experience is the thing you have left when everything else is gone.
What if there were no hypothetical questions?
One nice thing about egotists: They don't talk about other people.
When the only tool you own is a hammer, every problem begins to look like a nail.
A flashlight is a case for holding dead batteries.
What was the greatest thing before sliced bread?
I used to be indecisive. Now I'm not sure.
The cost of living hasn't affected its popularity.
How can there be self-help "groups"?
Is there another word for synonym?
Where do forest rangers go to "get away from it all"?
The speed of time is one-second per second.
Is it possible to be totally partial?
Is Marx's tomb a communist plot?
If swimming is so good for your figure, how do you explain whales?
Show me a man with both feet firmly on the ground, and I'll show you a man who can't get his pants off.
It's not an optical illusion. It just looks like one.
Is it my imagination, or do buffalo wings taste like chicken?
Submitted by Jamie Hapgood:
Just sayin'…
 If you attempt to rob a bank you won't have any trouble with rent/food bills for the next 10 years, whether or not you are successful.
Do twins ever realize that one of them is unplanned?
What if my dog only brings back my ball because he thinks I like throwing it?
If poison expires, is it more poisonous or is it no longer poisonous?
Which letter is silent in the word "Scent," the S or the C?
Why is the letter W, in English, called double U? Shouldn't it be called double V?
Maybe oxygen is slowly killing you and It just takes 75-100 years to fully work.
Every time you clean something, you just make something else dirty.
The word "swims" upside-down is still "swims".
Intentionally losing a game of rock, paper, scissors is just as hard as trying to win.
100 years ago everyone owned a horse and only the rich had cars. Today everyone has cars
and only the rich own horses.
Your future self is watching you right now through memories.
The doctors that told Stephen Hawking he had two years to live in 1953 are probably dead.
If you replace "W" with "T" in "What, Where and When", you get the answer to each of them.   (perfect)
Many animals probably need glasses, but nobody knows it !
If you rip a hole in a net, there are actually fewer holes in it than there were before.
If 2/2/22 fell on a Tuesday, we'll just call it "2's Day".
Submitted by Lauree McKeown:
Did you know…
Glass takes one million years to decompose, which means it never wears out and can be recycled an infinite amount of times!
Gold is the only metal that doesn't rust, even if it's buried in the ground for thousands of years.
Your tongue is the only muscle in your body that is attached at only one end
If you stop getting thirsty, you need to drink more water. When a human body is dehydrated, its thirst mechanism shuts off
Zero is the only number that cannot be represented by Roman numerals.
Kites were used in the American Civil War to deliver letters and newspapers.
The song, Auld Lang Syne, is sung at the stroke of midnight in almost every English-speaking country in the world to bring in the new year.
Drinking water after eating reduces the acid in your mouth by 61 percent.
Peanut oil is used for cooking in submarines because it doesn't smoke unless it's heated above 450F.
The roar that we hear when we place a seashell next to our ear is not the ocean, but rather the sound of blood surging through the veins in the ear.
Nine out of every 10 living things live in the ocean.
The banana cannot reproduce itself. It can be propagated only by the hand of man.
Airports at higher altitudes require a longer airstrip due to lower air density.
The University of Alaska spans four time zones.
The tooth is the only part of the human body that cannot heal itself.
In ancient Greece, tossing an apple to a girl was a traditional proposal of marriage. Catching it meant she accepted.
Warner Communications paid $28 million for the copyright to the song Happy Birthday.
Intelligent people have more zinc and copper in their hair.
A comet's tail always points away from the sun.
The Swine Flu vaccine in 1976 caused more death and illness than the disease it was intended to prevent.
Caffeine increases the power of aspirin and other painkillers, that is why it is found in some medicines.
The military salute is a motion that evolved from medieval times, when knights in armor raised their visors to reveal their identity.
If you get into the bottom of a well or a tall chimney and look up, you can see stars, even in the middle of the day.
When a person dies, hearing is the last sense to go.  The first sense lost is sight.
In ancient times strangers shook hands to show that they were unarmed.
Strawberries are the only fruits whose seeds grow on the outside.
Avocados have the highest calories of any fruit at 167 calories per hundred grams.
The moon moves about two inches away from the Earth Each year.
The Earth gets 100 tons heavier every day due to falling space dust.
Due to earth's gravity it is impossible for mountains to be higher than 15,000 meters.
Mickey Mouse is known as "Topolino" in Italy.
Soldiers do not march in step when going across bridges because they could set up a vibration which could be sufficient to knock the bridge down.
Everything weighs one percent less at the equator.
For every extra kilogram carried on a space flight, 530 kg of excess fuel are needed at lift-off.
The letter J does not appear anywhere on the periodic table of the elements
Submitted by Dave Harris:
Daffy but oh too often true tool definitions:
SKILSAW - A portable cutting tool used to make boards too short.
BELT SANDER - An electric sanding tool commonly used to convert minor touch-up jobs into major refinishing jobs.
WIRE WHEEL - Cleans paint off bolts and then throws them somewhere under the workbench with the speed of light. Also removes fingerprints and hard-earned calluses from fingers in about the time it takes you to say, 'Oh *$^*%'. Will easily wind a tee shirt off your back.
DRILL PRESS - A tall upright machine useful for suddenly snatching flat metal bar stock out of your hands so that it smacks you in the chest and flings your coke across the room, denting the freshly-painted project which you had carefully set in the corner where nothing could get to it.
CHANNEL LOCKS - Used to round off bolt heads. Sometimes used in the creation of blood-blisters.
HACKSAW - One of a family of cutting tools built on the Ouija board principle. It transforms human energy into a crooked, unpredictable motion, and the more you attempt to influence its course, the more dismal your future becomes.
VISE GRIPS - Generally used after pliers to completely round off bolt heads. If nothing else is available, they can also be used to transfer intense welding heat to the palm of your hand.
OXYACETYLENE TORCH - Used almost entirely for igniting various flammable objects in your shop and creating a fire. Also handy for igniting the grease inside the wheel hub out of which you want to remove a bearing race.
TABLE SAW - A large stationary power tool commonly used to launch wood projectiles for testing wall integrity. Very effective for digit removal!!
HYDRAULIC FLOOR JACK - Used for lowering an automobile to the ground after you have installed your new brake shoes, trapping the jack handle firmly under the bumper.
BANDSAW - A large stationary power saw primarily used by most shops to cut large pieces into smaller pieces that more easily fit into the trash after you cut on the inside of the line instead of the outside edge. Also excels at amputations.
TWO-TON ENGINE HOIST - A tool for testing the maximum tensile strength of all the attachments you forgot to disconnect.
PHILLIPS SCREWDRIVER - Normally used to stab the vacuum seals under lids or for opening old-style paper-and-tin oil cans and splashing oil on your shirt; but can also be used, as the name implies, to strip out Phillips screw heads.
STRAIGHT SCREWDRIVER - A tool for opening paint cans. Sometimes used to convert common slotted screws into non-removable screws and butchering your palms.
PRY BAR - A tool used to crumple the metal surrounding that clip or bracket you needed to remove in order to replace a 50 cent part.
PVC PIPE CUTTER - A tool used to make plastic pipe too short.
HAMMER - Originally employed as a weapon of war, the hammer nowadays is used as a kind of divining rod to locate the most expensive parts adjacent the object we are trying to hit. Also very effective at fingernail removal.
UTILITY KNIFE - Used to open and slice through the contents of cardboard cartons delivered to your front door. Works particularly well on contents such as seats, vinyl records, liquids in plastic bottles, collector magazines, refund checks, and rubber or plastic parts. Especially useful for slicing work clothes, but only while in use. These can also be used to initiate a trip to the emergency room so a doctor can sew up the damage.
Now you have something to think about.
Have a great week,
Thanks to Ed
1942- The Year of the Aircraft Carrier; Part 10 – Guadalcanal Campaign Major Events Overviewhttp://rememberedsky.com/?p=2229
Guadalcanal is no longer merely a name of an island in Japanese military history. It is the name of the graveyard of the Japanese army.
—Major General Kiyotake Kawaguchi
Commander, 35th Infantry Brigade at Guadalcanal
Thanks to Chuck
Great A6 story…..
VA 65
BUNO 151818
Early in 1966, a face to face debrief was held aboard USS Ranger by the outgoing squadron VA 85 involving squadron commander, Cdr. Ron Hays and his B/N, Lt. Ted Been and VA 65 squadron commander, Cdr. Bill Small and his B/N Lt. Nellie Dye, USMC. Constellation was replacing Ranger on the line in the South China Sea and the Gulf of Tonkin.  We discussed their missions and their successes and losses (15 A6's were lost between VA 75, CVW-7 USS Independence and VA 85, CVW-11, USS Kitty Hawk during their combat deployment).  It was obvious that a complete review of tactics and employment of the A6 was imperative.  It was becoming critical to the future of the A6 which was already being questioned at higher levels. 
Within days, VA 65 departed the for the South China Sea aboard the USS Constellation.  We were more concerned than ever about the future of the A6 and more importantly, the survival of its flightcrews.  Many hours were devoted to planning and reviewing the debriefings.  Our main concerns were the enemy order of battle in the area that our flights would be taking us, our tactics, our weapons employment and the new electronic counter-countermeasures equipment which was being installed in the aircraft to increase the survivability of the crews.
We arrived in the South China Sea off the coast of Vietnam on the 13th of June 1966.  Our first assignments would be to do some warm-up flights in support of ground troops in South Vietnam. This gave everyone a chance to become familiar with combat operations in a lower-risk envirornment. 
On June 22nd, Constellation sailed north to take up position on Yankee Station for flights into the "jaws of the tiger", North Vietnam.  Our first flight over North Vietnam was June 23rd, and the reception was anything but friendly. 
On June 25th we suffered our first combat loss, and the loss of one of our crewmembers (Lost to ememy ground fire.  LCdr. Weber was rescued but Lt jg Marik was not recovered, A/C BuNo. 151816)  This became a wake-up call for the squadron.  The message was: do it right, adhere to mission briefing and don't get complacent, this was no drill!
At the end of June, VA 65 had a change of command as Cdr. Small departed for his new assignment in Navy Headquarters and Cdr. Mandeville assumed command of the squadron. 
The squadron flew through the month of July with one small side trip to Hong Kong for some needed R&R.  The month of July introduced us to the mission called the Alpha Strike, a daylight VFR gaggle of 40 plus aircraft attempting to put bombs on a target complex.  This was obviously an Air Force conceived plan with the sole purpose of reducing the size of the current fleet of aircraft.  It was certainly HIGH-risk.
It was about this time that Cdr. Mandeville and I would talk for many hours about improved tactics, which could accomplish the desired results of target destruction and reduce the exposure of the aircraft to the high SAM and AAA threat.  The A6 had a much greater capability of putting bombs on target in any weather than any other aircraft in the theatre, so why expose it to such a high-risk area in a daytime VFR environment?  The challenge became to achieve the desired destruction level on any given target.  On many targets, in order to accomplish this it would require more bombs than one A6 could carry, and the A6 could carry a great deal of ordnance.  A new tactic had to be devised.
The previous A6 squadrons had attempted the "bomber stream" type tactics with very little success.  Hitting the target was like smacking a hornet's nest.  The attacking Intruders would follow each other into the target in trail, i.e. one aircraft after another at a specific interval.  Once the hornets nest was hit, it caused a tremendous amount of hostile activity by the North Vietnamese and the number three and four in a bomber stream normally took all the heat (and most of the hits).  Several aircraft were lost or damaged using this tactic.  This proved to be not the best attack plan in a small, high-risk area.  The results were very similar to the Alpha Strike.  There was not an abundance of excitement on the part of the aircrews to participate in these missions especially if they were slotted for the number three and four spots.. 
It was after our visit to Hong Kong that we started to practice a new tactic that we had conceived and developed in the Cubi Point O' Club.  It had to be wild, innovative and something the North Vietnamese had not seen before.  Thus, the "Coordinated Attack" was born.
The plan was simple, if the Blue Angels could join up over an airfield from different directions at the same exact moment, why couldn't we?  We certainly had the technology.  We started flying two plane strikes, then three and then four using this tactic.  By the time August rolled around we had developed confidence that this tactic was working.  With the help of our Carrier Air Group Commander (CAG) and the Ship's Captain, we were able to put a muzzle on the Air Force target planning folks long enough to schedule a coordinated attack on a major target.  We planned the entire mission around the A6.  We were able to use our own talent, aircraft capabilities and ingenuity to employ the A6 the way it was designed to be used in that environment.
On the night of 10 August 1966 we were assigned a target by the Air Force.  They wanted a high probability of destruction and suggested an Alpha Strike to take out a major North Vietnamese power plant.  This was our chance to prove the capability of the coordinated strike.  We launched a four plane strike, two A-6s with 5-2,000 pound bombs to fly broad side to the target, and two A-6s with 28-500 pound bombs to string through a transformer yard and support facilities.  All attack paths were to achieve maximum levels of destruction on the target complex, all bombs arriving on the target at the same precise time, from four different directions.
The timing of the strike went flawlessly.  All the Intruders crossed exactly as planned.  Our bombs released perfectly.
Cdr. Mandeville and I both made the comment at the moment the bombs detonated "I wonder if the other guys aborted the mission", we had all made the appropriate call at our initial point, about 3 minutes before drop, but we only saw one explosion, albeit one big explosion.  Moments after we released our bombs, the other three Intruders call in that their bombs dropped as advertised.  What we had seen was the cumulative effect of all the ordnance exploding in a near simultaneous detonation.
The next morning a Navy RA5C Vigilante photo-recon aircraft took a sweep through the area.  The pictures he brought back showed in detail the success of our coordinated attack.  The target was no longer standing.  It was a pile of rubble. 
The target we destroyed was in one of the most highly defended areas in North Vietnam and not a single SAM was fired and anti-aircraft fire didn't commence until after we were on our way safely out of the target area.
On the same night one of our other great crews carried 5-2,000 pound bombs and deposited them right smack in the middle of the Hai Dong bridge, a major span connecting Hanoi and Haiphong.  The same RA5C that photoed our BDA was able to capture the later flights BDA on the same film showing the center span lying in the water. 
The A-6 became an extremely successful aircraft during that cruise.
VA-65 was fortunate that only one additional aircraft was lost, both crewmembers had an extended stay at the Hanoi Hilton but were returned after the cease-fire.  The rest of the air wing respected the fact that we had eliminated some of the need to launch Alpha Strikes.
I have to give a lot of credit to the ordnance and aircraft maintenance men who did a superior job throughout the next grueling six months as they loaded and maintained aircraft in the most difficult conditions in order to keep those A6s in the air.  VA 65 was extremely fortunate not loose any aircraft due to premature weapons explosions or maintenance problems.
As a Marine on exchange duty with VA-65 it was an education.  I was fortunate to beassociated with the finest bunch of Naval Officers I have ever served with during my Marine Corps career.  And my thanks to a great Commanding Officers who gave me a chance of a lifetime.
Nellie Dye retired as a Major in 1977 after 23 years in the Marine Corps. His last assignment was as an instructor with VF 124 at NAS Mirimar flying F14s.  Nellie flew 465 missions in Vietnam with both the Navy and Marine Corps, 150 of those in North Vietnam.  He is living on the Texas Coast near Galveston, Texas and flying for UPS.  (72012.306@compuserve.com)
Item Number:1 Date: 08/20/2018 AFGHANISTAN - SECURITY FORCES FREE 149 TALIBAN HOSTAGES (AUG 20/RFE/RL)  RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY -- Afghan security forces have freed 149 people taken hostage by the Taliban, reports Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.   On Monday, Taliban fighters ambushed three passenger buses traveling in the northern province of Kunduz and took 170 passengers hostage, local officials told Tolo News (Afghanistan).   The Taliban still holds about 21 hostages and has moved them to an undisclosed location, said a spokesman for the Afghan Interior Ministry.   At least seven Taliban fighters were killed in the operation to free the hostages, the spokesman said.   The Taliban said that members of the security forces were among the hostages. The interior minister spokesman denied the claim.   The convoy was full of passengers heading to Kabul to celebrate the Eid holiday with their families.   On Sunday, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani announced a three-month cease-fire to begin on the Eid holiday. The truce would be conditioned on Taliban participation.   Following the ambush on Monday, Ghani ordered troops to resume military operations, saying the proposed conditions for the cease-fire had not been met, reported the Khaama Press (Afghanistan).   The Taliban said it conducted the attack due to a "lack of clarity" over the cease-fire offer, reported Sky News (U.K.). The group said it would release some 500 prisoners, including members of the security forces
Item Number:9 Date: 08/20/2018 NIGERIA - AT LEAST 19 KILLED IN LATEST MILITANT VIOLENCE IN NORTHEAST (AUG 20/REU)  REUTERS -- At least 19 people have been killed by militants in Nigeria's northeastern Borno state, reports Reuters.   On Sunday, unidentified gunmen attacked the village of Mailari, residents said. The attackers used guns and rocket-propelled grenades, a militia leader told Agence-France Presse.   The attackers looted the village for two hours before leaving, reported BBC News. Nearby police made no effort to engage the militants, said one villager.   An aide worker at a nearby camp said 63 people were killed.   The militants had been spotted in the area three days before the attack but no action was taken against them.   The survivor did not identify the attackers. The Vanguard (Nigeria) blamed Boko Haram for the assault. Islamic State in West Africa (ISWA), which claims many former Boko Haram members among its ranks, is also active in the area.  
  Item Number:15 Date: 08/20/2018 USA - TRUMP MOVES TO GIVE MILITARY MORE LEEWAY TO LAUNCH CYBER ATTACKS (AUG 20/POLITICO)  POLITICO -- President Donald Trump has shelved policy guidelines governing the process for military cyber attacks, giving Cyber Command more freedom to take action, reports Politico.   Presidential Policy Directive 20 (PPD-20), approved by President Barack Obama in October 2012, required high-level discussions between several government agencies before the military could conduct major cyber operations.   Without the policy in place, Cyber Command can now carry out cyber attacks without first seeking White House approval, similar to other combatant commands.   Critics argue that there still needs to be a system that incorporates non-military considerations. The Commerce and State departments and other agencies must remain involved in the decision-making process to maintain international relationships and avoid economic consequences.   The intelligence community has also resisted some military operations out of concern that they could expose invaluable eavesdropping software planted in enemy networks.   PPD-20 was reportedly unpopular in the Pentagon and Cyber Command because it could hinder operations.   Last year, the U.K. ditched a joint cyber operation with the U.S. when debates between U.S. agencies delayed the mission for nearly three months.   The policy became a scapegoat for other issues, said one former FBI official. The process revealed significant legal issues regarding Cyber Command's authority to take certain actions.   A replacement policy has not been made public
Item Number:16 Date: 08/20/2018 YEMEN - SECESSIONISTS ATTACK MILITARY ACADEMY GRADUATION, KILLING 1 (AUG 20/REU)  REUTERS -- Armed separatists in Yemen have attacked a military academy graduation ceremony, killing one cadet and injuring two, reports Reuters.   On Saturday, separatist gunmen opened fire from their mountain base across from the academy in Aden, said an academy officer. The militants support an independent state in southern Yemen.   The academy had chosen to fly the flag of a unified Yemen, which prompted the attack, said the officer.   The attackers were members of the Southern Transitional Council (STC), residents told China's Xinhua state news agency.   After the attack, supporters of the secessionist movement staged a demonstration in Aden's Buraiga district.   Some protestors burned tires and blocked bridges, which prevented some senior officials from attending the event. The ceremony was moved inside and cut short, said witnesses.   Southern separatist forces have been an ally of the Saudi-led coalition fighting the Houthi rebels in Yemen.   Critics have raised questions about competing aims and priorities among the constituent groups that form the coalition.   North and South Yemen were unified into one country in 1990. 

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