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Monday, August 6, 2018

TheList 4782



The List 4782     TGB
To All,
I hope that you all have a great weekend.
Regards,
Skip
This day in Naval History
Aug. 3
1804—Commodore Edward Preble's Mediterranean Squadron launches the first of a series of bombardments on the harbor of Tripoli. Designed to destroy the defending batteries and sink enemy ships, the bombardments are part of the blockade that Preble established in 1803.
1812 - Frigate Essex capture British brig Brothers
1861 - First manned ascent in a balloon from a ship, gunboat USS Fanny, to observe Confederate artillery position at Hampton Roads, VA
1861—Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles calls for designers to submit plans for ironclad warships to the Navy Department. The design, by inventor John Ericsson, is chosen for USS Monitor, a revolutionary armored ship, carrying her guns in a rotating turret.
1942—Mildred H. McAfee takes the oath of office to become the first female line officer. She is commissioned a lieutenant commander in the Naval Reserve and simultaneously undertakes the duties of being the first director of the newly-established WAVES ("Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service").
1942: USS Lansdowne (DD 486) sinks the German submarine (U 153) off the Panama Canal Zone.
1943—PBM aircraft (VP 205) sinks German submarine (U 572), north of Dutch Giuiana. Also on this date, USS Buck (DD 420) sinks Italian submarine, Argento, off Tunisia.
1950—Marine Fighter Squadron Two Hundred Fourteen (VMF 214) operating from USS Sicily (CVE 118) attacks Chinju with rockets and incendiary bombs, in the first Marine Corps aviation mission against North Korea.
1950 - First helicopter evacuation in Korea by VMO-6
1958—USS Nautilus (SSN 571) becomes the first submarine to cross the "top" of the world during Operation Sunshine when the boat passes under an arctic ice cap at the North Pole. "For the world, our country, and the Navy—the North Pole," declared at the moment the ship reached 90 degrees north by the boat's commanding officer, Cmdr. William R. Anderson.  The mission had been personally authorized by President Eisenhower as a response to the USSR's Sputnik program. 
1958
 
1970 - USS James Madison (SSBN-627) conducts first submerged launching of Poseidon nuclear missile off Cape Kennedy
2017—Richard V. Spencer is sworn in as the 76th secretary of the Navy. Spencer, a Connecticut native, graduated from Rollins College in 1976 with a Bachelor of Arts in Economics. Upon graduation he joined the United States Marine Corps and served as an H-46 pilot until 1981.
Aug. 4
1790—The Revenue Cutter Service is established by Congress, authorizing the construction of 10 vessels to enforce federal tariff and trade laws and prevent smuggling. The service receives its present name, U.S. Coast Guard, in 1915 under an act of Congress that merges the Revenue Cutter Service with the Life-Saving Service, thereby providing the nation with a single maritime service dedicated to saving life at sea and enforcing the nation's maritime laws.
1846—During the Mexican-American War, Marines and Sailors led by Commodore Robert Stockton from the frigate USS Congress land to capture Santa Barbara, CA.
1898—During the Spanish-American War, USS Monterey (BM 6) becomes the first monitor to cross the Pacific, reaching Manila Bay, Philippines, from San Francisco, CA.
1939—USS Yorktown (CV 5) and USS Enterprise (CV 6) use hydraulic flush-deck catapults to launch SBC-3 and O3U-3 aircraft from flight and hangar deck catapults.
1943—A radar-equipped Catalina PBY carries out predawn bombing of a submarine base and main Japanese camp area on Kiska. The Catalina also drops 92 empty beer bottles (for the disconcerting whistling effect they produce) on those targets. Also on this date, USS Finback (SS 230) sinks Japanese cargo ship Kaisho Maru in the Java Sea off the north coast of Java while USS Seadragon (SS 194) damages Japanese transport Kembu Maru east of Ponape.
1943—Ensign Rosalie Thorne, USNR, becomes the first woman to be awarded the Navy Expert Pistol Shot Medal. She scores 211 out of 240 to qualify. 
Aug. 5
1832—USS Potomac, becomes the first U.S. Navy ship to entertain royalty, King and Queen of Sandwich Islands, Honolulu.
1858—The last bit of cable is laid by USS Niagara and British ship Agamemnon to complete the first trans-Atlantic cable. Niagara's boats carried the end of the cable ashore at Brills Mouth Island, Newfoundland, and the same day Agamemnon landed her end of the cable at England. The first message flashed across August 16 when Queen Victoria sent a cable to President James Buchanan.
1864—Rear Adm. David G. Farragut successfully navigates through a deadly torpedo field Confederates lay in order to block the channel into Mobile Bay. During the battle, Farragut gives his famous quote, "Damn the Torpedoes, Full speed ahead!"
1882—The first US Navy steel warships (USS Atlanta, USS Boston, USS Chicago and USS Dolphin), are authorized by Congress, beginning the "New Navy." Subsequently known as the A, B, C, D ships, they are built at Chester, PA. USS Dolphin is commissioned first in 1885, followed by USS Atlanta (1886), USS Boston (1887), and USS Chicago (1889).
1921—The Yangtze River Patrol Force is established as a command under the Asiatic Fleet. The force serves in the area until December 1941 when the force is disestablished with many of the ships captured, or scuttled, and the crews taken prisoner by the Japanese.
1944—USS Barbel (SS 316) sinks Japanese merchant passenger-cargo ship, Miyako Maru, off Tokuno Jima while USS Cero (SS 225) attacks a Japanese convoy off Minanao and sinks oiler, Tsurumi, in Davao Gulf. Also on this date, PBY aircraft sinks small Japanese cargo vessel No.2, Eiko Maru, off Taoelahat.
1990—Operation Sharp Edge begins, with the Navy and Marines evacuating U.S. citizens and foreign nationals from Liberia during its civil war. 
 
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
Top national news includes a suspected Russian spy being caught working inside the US Embassy in Moscow; and search efforts for Mollie Tibbetts, a University of Iowa student who has been missing since July 18. CNO Admiral John Richardson told Voice of America that the Navy is monitoring Iran as it conducts naval exercises in the Persian Gulf. "They're doing this exercise. We're monitoring it closely. Certainly, we'll continue to maintain freedom of navigation through that very important Strait of Hormuz," said Richardson. Adm. Richardson also visited Brazil earlier this week where he met with Brazilian navy leadership and discussed deepening the US-Brazil naval partnership. Additionally, USNI News reports that the Navy is shifting the homeports of the USS Carl Vinson, USS Abraham Lincoln and USS John C. Stennis.
Today in History August 3
1347

Six burghers of the surrounded French city of Calais surrender to Edward III of England in hopes of relieving the siege.
1492

Christopher Columbus leaves Spain on his voyage to the new world.
1546

French printer Etienne Dolet, accused of heresy, blasphemy and sedition, is hanged and burned at the stake for printing reformist literature.
1553

Mary Tudor, the new Queen of England, enters London.
1610

Henry Hudson of England discovers a great bay on the east coast of Canada and names it for himself.
1692

French forces under Marshal Luxembourg defeat the English at the Battle of Steenkerque in the Netherlands.
1805

Muhammad Ali becomes the new ruler of Egypt.
1807

The trial of Aaron Burr begins. He is accused of plotting the secession of New England.
1864

Federal gunboats attack but do not capture Fort Gains, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, Alabama.
1882

Congress passes the Immigration Act, banning Chinese immigration for ten years.
1908

Allan Allensworth files the site plan for the first African-American town, Allensworth, California.
1911

Airplanes are used for the first time in a military capacity when Italian planes reconnoiter Turkish lines near Tripoli.
1914

1916

Sir Roger Casement is hanged for treason in England.
1945

Chinese troops under American General Joseph Stilwell take the town of Myitkyina from the Japanese.
1958

The first nuclear submarine, USS Nautilus, passes under the North Pole.
1967

President Lyndon B. Johnson announces plans to send 45,000 more troops to Vietnam.
1972

Former Beatle Paul McCartney announces formation of his new group, Wings.
1975

The Louisiana Superdome is dedicated.
1977

Radio Shack unveils TRS-80 personal computer, which with Apple and Commodore would form the "1977 Trinity." Its price and Radio Shack's established retail outlets made it a bestseller for several years.
1990

The US commits naval forces to the Persian Gulf region in the wake of Iraq's invasion of Kuwait.
2004

Statue of Liberty's pedestal reopens to visitors after being closed following the 9/11 terrorist attacks.
 
1944    Anne Frank is captured when Gestapo is tipped off. She dies in German custody
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Admiral Taylor's Rolling thunder history can be viewed each day at     http://www.rollingthunderremembered.com/   ... (google it and you are there to read) ...
 
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thanks to Shadow - 
Once again, this one evokes doubt and questions about the validity of the history presented. 
 
Bear, don't know where I read it… some years ago; but it was an article that stipulated that in fact, far fewer North Vietnamese civilians were killed during the entire war than one would want to believe. Actually, I think the number was less than ten thousand? And I tend to believe it based on what I saw in the villages and lessons learned as a Grunt. Every village we entered had spider holes and foxholes all over the place… including inside their primitive dwellings. Very few having any concrete floors… 95% were just dirt floors. Some were intricate, some simple holes in the ground. Something to keep in mind… both countries were agrarian based economy's. As such, any Vietnamese worth his salt knew how to dig and dig quickly… and after decades of war, there were plenty of such havens available in both countries.
 
Now one of the first things a Grunt learned when exposed to ground combat was the value of a foxhole. In a secure fire base or even in the field when you set up at night… we started digging. Even just if it were only a couple of feet deep… once in a hole, you were almost impervious to harm in hole unless you took a direct hit… that was true of rifle fire and/or mortars and artillery. We Grunts knew the value of foxholes… and all Vietnamese damn sure knew it. As aviators, we tended to believe the bombs dropped had to have killed tens of thousands… no body could survive that! But the truth from first hand experience tends to make me think other wise. Here is an example:
 
The last Operation I went on, was up at Gio Linh… less than a click from the DMZ. This was the last part of the SLF (Special Landing Force) I'd mentioned before, where we landed down by Doc Pho, south of Chu Lai. After that operation, we re-boarded the USS Princeton and various LSD's and moved north to the edge of the DMZ. The Battalion was spread out from the coast to Con Thien, in company sized groups. My group set in just outside a Fire Base. The fire base was unique and the only one like it I ever saw, in that it was a "shared" facility. Marines inside the comped had 105's and 155 artillery and the Army had a section of 175 "Long Tom's" in there as well (the largest artillery pieces in country, outside of Naval Gunfire. I remember remarking to the C.O. that someone had really prepped the hell out of the area before moving up… evidenced by the thousands of craters in the immediate vicinity. They were everywhere you looked… never had seen anything like it before after over 13 months in country. We just assumed it was the work of the Army, since we never had that much ordinance available for prep work. Well… shortly after we landed and were setting up, an Army jeep comes out of the compound and drives up to me and asked who was in charge? I told him it was LtCol. Jack (Blackjack) Westerman… and that he was quite busy getting all the units set up at the moment… "Maybe I can help you"?
 
What happened next is hard to forget… The Major was the 175 battery Commander and what he wanted to say was the following: "I think you would be best advised to move your unit about 500 meters to the west". "Why Major"? "You see all these craters around here? Well, we didn't put them there… the North Vietnamese did. They have a 152 Battery in the DMZ… and about once a week they engage us in a contest of 'Dueling Banjo's'. They shoot at us and we shoot at them and it gets pretty intense… I''d move if I were you"! Next thing I said was… "Let me introduce you to the Colonel". Now Jack hated the Army… went back to his days in Korea and he basically told the Major to piss off; if he wanted the Army's advice, he'd ask for it. Regardless, the Major impressed the hell out of me!
 
As soon as he left, I started digging and engaged an FNG to help. The ground was hard as a rock and after digging over an hour between the two of us, we were only about two and half feet down… it was right about sunset… I was in the hole and the FNG was taking a break, when two of my Buds came over to harass me because I was digging harder than I ever had before… they opined It was because I was a "short timer" (actually I was past my rotation date). Anyway as they were yukking… we hear this strange noise, almost like a recoilless rifle shot… and then a fairly loud impact explosion, much larger than a recoilless round. One of my Bud's says… "What the fuck was that"! By that time, I was flat on my back in the hole with my flak jacket on top of me and I yelled… "Incoming fucker, find a hole"! They did; both of them, right on top of me! The poor FNG had no place to go… the hole was full! I yelled at him to lay down next to the dirt we'd piled around the hole… it would at least provide some protection.
 
Well that first short was the beginning of over a three hour, continuous artillery barrage by the NVA… it seemed like it would never end! But here is the point of this whole thing… Not one Marine or Army guy was killed that night because everybody with a brain was in a foxhole of some sort. No deaths, a few minor wounds (I was one of them) after an all out, concentrated artillery barrage (in excess of 600 rounds) that went on for hours. The simple truth is… I believe you could survive a small nuke (maybe even a big one) if you were in a simple hole in the ground.
 
Now the North Vietnamese were as fully aware of this, as their South Vietnamese brothers, hence every village had a series of "go to" holes and shelters available the locals. Unless caught in the open… they had little chance of being harmed. In the cities and major target areas, I've seen pictures where they took concrete culverts, pressed them in the ground vertically and had a crew immediately dig out the centers to form reinforced foxholes that could accommodate at least half dozen more of the little people. They were ubiquitous. Add to that, they had a very sophisticated early warning system throughout the country.
 
Last… never trust "Body Counts"... theirs or ours… Honestly, other than a few exceptions where the dead were left behind or inside of a perimeter… virtually all of our "Body Counts" were nothing but a WAG... or even worse, knowingly fraudulent. When you think of the number of enemy KIA's attributed to Arc Lights (B-52 strikes) and everyday airstrikes… the numbers are ludicrous, since there was no one there to walk around and say… "Here's a body, there's a body", etc. and so on. The excuse that the NVA was adept at removing bodies before we could count them is also ludicrous. During the times we were in extended and constant contact… the survivors (enemy) were more concerned with getting the hell out of Dodge than removing their dead and wounded. I saw the truth too many times to believe otherwise.
 
Shadow

With our thanks to THE Bear at http://www.rollingthunderremembered.com/
 
 
ROLLING THUNDER REMEMBERED… 2 AUGUST 1968… A TRIP DOWN MEMORY LANE: HWY 1, HANOI TO HA TINH…
August 1, 2018Bear Taylor
ROLLING THUNDER REMEMBERED… 2 AUGUST 1968… A TRIP DOWN MEMORY LANE: HWY 1, HANOI TO HA TINH…
GOOD MORNING… Day EIGHT HUNDRED EIGHTY of a strike-fighter's contribution to the commemoration of the 50th Anniversary of the Vietnam war and remembering the men and machines that carried the war to the homeland of our enemy…where we blew things up (BDA report follows)…
RIPPLE SALVO… #880… SHORTLY AFTER OPERATION ROLLING THUNDER WAS TERMINATED ON 1 NOVEMBER 1968 the North Vietnamese contracted with a Canadian writer and film-maker to produce a documentary of the damage the American bombing campaign left behind. MICHAEL MACLEAR, author of THE TEN THOUSAND DAY WAR: Vietnam: 1945-1975, will be the tour guide for the RTR: Ripple Salvo #880 tour of 250 miles from Hanoi in Route Pack VI, southward through IV, III, II and completing the visit to Post-ROLLING THUNDER North Vietnam. …. IN THE WORDS OF MICHAEL MACLEAR… All aboard…
"As Ha Van Lao puts it, 'Against the American air forces we led a popular war.' The future UN ambassador was then helping organize civilian counter-measures. 'When the enemy planes armed,' he says, 'everyone participated in the anti-aircraft defense–whether it was active defense such as manning the guns or passive defense such as organized use of shelters. And after the planes left everyone would recommence work and repairs–whether in the fields or factories. We had a slogan: 'Combat and Construct.' Everyone was regarded as being in uniform, and civilians were kept closely identified with the military in a competitive spirit, This was the business of the cultural section of the Army,' says Ha Van Lao. 'There was a cultural team that offered dances, singing, music. They organized basketball, volleyball, teams of athletes compete against one another.' This interchange not least aided military morale and 'We attached a great deal of importance to it for our fighters.'
"Naturally,' says Ha Van Lau of the bombing, 'it was terrifying. We had to adapt ourselves to a life of war, or we would have been beaten. We would have lost the war.' "When the air strikes halted in November 1968 the North for a long time remained on full alert and remained suspicious. In the summer of 1969, at the time when the formal Paris peace talks seemed to the Americans frustratingly unproductive, the author met Ha Van Lau in Hanoi and was then told that U.S. reconnaissance flights over the North had increased from 600 in November to 800 in April 1969, 1300 in May and 1450 in August. In claiming this, Hanoi took the position that President Nixon then wanted to document the extent of the bombing and North Vietnamese resistance to it. The author, as correspondent for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, was invited to produce the first film documentary on the devastated areas in the hope that it might have 'an impact on your American neighbors.' What followed was a journey through a wasteland extending down Highway 1 toward the Partition Line (17th parallel/DMZ).
"On the map the distance was 250 miles, once  journey of only four or five hours. But travel time was logged at four days. The awesome bomb craters along the 'highway' interlocked almost end to end, negotiable only by jeep. There was just a very rough route stitched from broken-down rock, thousands of loose planks and nerve-racking bamboo platforms bridging the craters and canals. Wrecked vehicles and twisted rail lines littered the entire route, with rusted metal rising in grotesque shapes from the adjacent rice-lands. With side visits, three weeks was spent covering 1000 miles of five of the worst hit provinces–residing in 'guest centers' which were straw-roof huts near former towns. Often it was a case of searching for places which on the old maps had once existed.
"Simply stated, urbane civilization had been erased in a region containing one-third or about six million of the North's population. Statistics from the French era showed that five per cent or 300,000 of these people had been town and city dwellers (most of the U.S. estimate of 182,000 civilians dead had been killed in this region). Whatever the French had built in eighty years of occupation, and whatever the North had achieved in fifteen years of independence, had been wiped out.
"The journey showed that five cities had been leveled. These, traveling south, were the cities of Phu Ly, Ninh Binh, Thanh Hoa, Vinh and Ha Tinh, each formerly with populations between 10,000 and 30,000. The North's third largest city, Nam Dinh–population 90,000–was largely destroyed but at least recognizable. Another eighteen destroyed centers were classified as towns– but though the place names checked on the map, it was now impossible to know what these collections of overgrown debris had once been like. Traffic still passed through, peasants still marketed their produce along the highway, but there remained only ghost towns from the nightmare of Rolling Thunder. Across the whole landscape, journeying far from the highway, not a single habitable brick edifice could be seen: the schools, hospitals, and administrative buildings that had certainly once existed were now, like the factories, just so man heaps of rubble.
"At Phu Ly, only thirty-five miles south of Hanoi, local officials said the city had been leveled in eight successive days between 1 and 9 October 1966. It  had been a cross-roads marketing town of 10,000. Ninh Binh, a provincial capital sixty miles south, was described in an old guide book as a cotton and coffee trading center of 25,000 people– and the main center of Roman Catholicism in the north. The cathedral spire, but little else, had somehow survived.
"Thanh Hoa, capital of the most populous southern province eighty miles from Hanoi, had been a major food distribution center, also trading in cotton, jute and timber. If was a total ruin; to find a place to sleep one traveled ten miles to a bamboo cluster of provincial offices hidden in the hills. Vinh, 160 miles from Hanoi in Nghe-an province where Ho Chi Minh was born, once served a fertile and densely populated plain of 1.5 million people. Formerly a city of 30,000. Vinh had the only immediately obvious military installations, a central rail terminal and an airport. It had been built in 1954–the year of the Geneva 'Accords'; now it was at waist level. Year after year, said district officials, the bomber  had kept bombing the rubble. At Ha Tinh, provincial capital on the 18th parallel 250 miles from Hanoi, the local mayor-without-a-city produced files citing that between 1965 and 1968 this province of 800,000 people had been bombed 25,529 times . This would equal one air strike every ninety minutes for some 1,500 days. In the first raid, March 1965, it was claimed that Ha Tinh's municipal hospital containing 170 people and its secondary school filled with 750 students had been simultaneously destroyed. This was called 'a conscious massacre'. The hospital's Red Cross markings were discerning amid the ruins.
"After the account of this journey had appeared in a score of major newspapers, from the New York Times to the London Sunday Times, and after the American NBC network had televised the film, the U.S. Defense Department insisted that only military targets had been bombed–though it knew otherwise from Defense Secretary McNamara's own findings."………
RTR Quote for 2 August: GENERAL CURTIS LeMAY, USAF (Ret)…"When asked in July 1986 if the United States could have won in Vietnam, the retired General answered: "In any two-week period you want to mention….You can remember what went on at the end, when the B-52s finally went up north and started to bomb up there. They bombed for about seven days and the white flag practically went up. President Nixon stopped it right there to get our people out. Four or five more days would have ended the whole thing, but I think he was so disgusted and fed up with the opposition of the American people that he decided too just get the hell out of there and that was it." (Clodfelter: The Limits of Air Power, pg. 207)
Lest we forget…           Bear
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Thanks to Micro

The 10 Most Destructive Americans of My 8 Decades

Frank Hawkins is a former US Army intelligence officer, Associated Press foreign correspondent, international businessman, senior newspaper company executive, founder and owner of several marketing companies and published novelist. He is currently retired in North Carolina.  fhawk852@gmail.com
America has undergone enormous change during the nearly eight decades of my life.
Today, America is a bitterly divided, poorly educated and morally fragile society with
so-called mainstream politicians pushing cynical identity politics, socialism and open
borders. The president of the United States is threatened with impeachment because the other
side doesn't like him. The once reasonably unbiased American media has evolved into a
hysterical left wing mob. How could the stable and reasonably cohesive America of the 1950s
have reached this point in just one lifetime? Who are the main culprits? Here's my list of the
10 most destructive Americans of the last 80 years.
10) Mark Felt – Deputy director of the FBI, aka "Deep Throat" during the Watergate scandal.
This was the first public instance of a senior FBI officially directly interfering in America's political affairs. Forerunner of James Comey, Peter Strzok, Lisa Page and Andrew McCabe.
9) Bill Ayers – Represents the deep and ongoing leftist ideological damage to our education system. An unrepentant American terrorist who evaded punishment, he devoted his career to
radicalizing American education and pushing leftist causes. Ghost wrote Obama's book,
"Dreams of My Father."
8) Teddy Kennedy – Most folks remember Teddy as the guy who left Mary Joe Kopechne to die in his car at Chappaquiddick. The real damage came after he avoided punishment for her death and became a major Democrat force in the US Senate, pushing through transformative liberal policies in health care and education. The real damage was the 1965 Hart-Cellar immigration bill he pushed hard for that changed the quota system to increase the flow of third world people
without skills into the US and essentially ended large-scale immigration from Europe.
7) Walter Cronkite – Cronkite was a much beloved network anchor who began the politicization of America's news media with his infamous broadcast from Vietnam that described the Tet Offensive as a major victory for the Communists and significantly turned the gullible American public against the Vietnam War. In fact, the Tet offensive was a military disaster for the NVA and Viet Cong, later admitted by North Vietnamese military leaders. Decades later Cronkite admitted
he got the story wrong. But it was too late.  The damage was done.
6) Bill and Hillary Clinton - It's difficult to separate Team Clinton. Bill's presidency was largely benign as he was a relative fiscal conservative who rode the remaining benefits of the Reagan
era. But his sexual exploits badly stained the Oval Office and negatively affected America's perception of the presidency. In exchange for financial support, he facilitated the transfer of
sensitive military technology to the Chinese.  Hillary, a Saul Alinsky acolyte, is one of the
most vicious politicians of my lifetime, covering up Bill's sexual assaults by harassing and
insulting the exploited women and peddling influence around the globe in exchange for funds
for the corrupt Clinton Foundation. She signed off on the sale of 20% of the US uranium reserve to the Russians after Bill received a $500,000 speaking fee in Moscow and the foundation (which supported the Clinton's regal lifestyle) received hundreds of millions of dollars from those who benefited from the deal.  Between them, they killed any honor that might have existed in the dark halls of DC.
5) Valerie Jarrett - The Rasputin of the Obama administration.  A Red Diaper baby, her father, maternal grandfather and father-in-law (Vernon Jarrett who was a close friend and ally of Obama mentor Frank Marshall Davis) were hardcore Communists under investigation by the U.S.
government. She has been in Obama's ear for his entire political career pushing a strong anti-American, Islamist, anti-Israeli, socialist/communist, cling-to-power agenda.
4) Jimmy Carter  - Carter ignited modern day radical Islam by abandoning the Shah and paving the way for Ayatollah Khomeini to take power in Tehran. Iran subsequently became the main state sponsor and promoter of international Islamic terrorism.  When Islamists took over our embassy in Tehran, Carter was too weak to effectively respond thus strengthening the rule of the
radical Islamic mullahs.
3) Lyndon Johnson – Johnson turned the Vietnam conflict into a major war for America. It could have ended early if he had listened to the generals instead of automaker Robert McNamara. The ultimate result was: 1) 58,000 American military deaths and collaterally tens of thousands of American lives damaged; and 2) a war that badly divided America and created left wing groups that evaded the draft and eventually gained control of our education system.  Even worse, his so-called War on Poverty led to the destruction of American black families with a
significant escalation of welfare and policies designed to keep poor families dependent on
the government (and voting Democrat) for their well-being. He deliberately created a racial
holocaust that is still burning today. A strong case could be made for putting him at the top
of this list.
2) Barack Hussein Obama - Obama set up America for a final defeat and stealth
conversion from a free market society to socialism/communism. As we get deeper into the Trump presidency, we learn more each day about how Obama politicized and compromised key government agencies, most prominently the FBI, the CIA and the IRS, thus thoroughly shaking the public's confidence in the federal government to be fair and unbiased in its activities. He
significantly set back race and other relations between Americans by stoking black grievances and pushing radical identity politics. Obama's open support for the Iranian mullahs and his apologetic "lead from behind" foreign policy seriously weakened America abroad. His blatant attempt to interfere in Israel's election trying to unseat Netanyahu is one of the most shameful things ever done by an American president.
1) John Kerry – Some readers will likely say Kerry does not deserve to be number one on this
list. I have him here because I regard him as the most despicable American who ever lived.  After his three faked Purple Hearts during his cowardly service in Vietnam, he was able to leave the US Navy early. As a reserve naval officer and in clear violation of the Uniform Code of Military
Justice, he traveled to Paris and met privately with the NVA and the Viet Cong. He returned
to the United States parroting the Soviet party line about the  war and testified before Congress comparing American soldiers to the hordes of Genghis Khan. It was a clear case of treason, giving aid and comfort to the enemy in a time of war. We got a second bite of the bitter Kerry apple when as Obama's secretary of state, he fell into bed with the Iranian ("Death to America") mullahs giving them the ultimate green light to develop nuclear weapons along with billions of dollars that further supported their terrorist activities. Only the heroic Swift Vets saved us from
a Manchurian Candidate Kerry presidency. Ultimately we got Obama.
Dishonorable Mentions! (Just missed the list)
John Brennan –Obama's CIA director who once voted for Communist Gus Hall for president. A key member of the Deep State who severely politicized the CIA. Called President Trump treasonous for meeting with the president of Russia.
Jane Fonda – movie actress who made the infamous trip to Vietnam during the war in support of the Communists. She represents hard left Hollywood that has done so much damage to our culture.
Jimmy Hendrix and Janice Joplin – Both revered entertainers helped usher in the
prevailing drug culture and personally suffered the consequences. Karma's a bitch.
Robert Johnson /BET – Helped popularize who's, bitches and pimps while making millions on great hits such as "Jigga my Nigga","Big Pimpin'", "Niggas in Paris" and "Strictly 4 My N.I.G.G.A.Z."   Many scholars within the African American community maintain that
BET perpetuates and justifies racism by adopting the stereotypes held about African
Americans, affecting the psyche of young viewers through the bombardment of negative images
of African Americans. Who can disagree?
Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr./The New York Times – Once the gold standard of American journalism, the paper always had a liberal tilt and occasionally made bad mistakes. As the years have gone along, the paper has slid further and further left and today is virtually the primary
propaganda arm of the increasingly radical Democrat Party. Still retains influence in Washington and New York.
George Soros – Jewish former Nazi collaborator in his native Hungary who as a self-made
billionaire has poured hundreds of millions of dollars into left wing groups and causes. The
damage he has caused is difficult to measure, but it's certainly large. He has funded
much of the effort to kill the Trump presidency.
Frank Marshall Davis - Anti-white, black Bolshevik, card-carrying Soviet agent.  Probable birth father and admitted primary mentor of young Barak Hussein Obama. 
Frank Hawkins is a former US Army intelligence officer, Associated Press
foreign correspondent, international businessman, senior newspaper company
executive, founder and owner of several marketing companies and published
novelist. He is currently retired in North Carolina.


Read more: https://www.americanthinker.com/articles/2018/07/the_10_most_destructive_americans_of_my_8_decades.html#ixzz5MdsrmEyX
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Item Number:1 Date: 08/03/2018 AFGHANISTAN - 25 WORSHIPPERS KILLED IN ATTACK ON SHI'ITE MOSQUE (AUG 03/TN)  TOLONEWS -- At least 25 people have been killed and 40 others wounded in a suicide attack targeting a Shi'ite mosque in eastern Afghanistan, reports Tolo News (Kabul).   On Friday, two attackers opened fire on security guards and forced their way inside the Sahib-ul-Zaman mosque in Gardez City, Paktia province, said police.   The attackers lobbed grenades during their assault before detonating their explosive devices.   As many as 600 people were praying in the mosque at the time, said witnesses.   There were no immediate claims of responsibility. In a statement, the Taliban rejected any involvement in the attack. The Islamic State terrorist group (ISIS) is active in eastern Afghanistan. 
  Item Number:5 Date: 08/03/2018 INDIA - LOW ALTITUDE MISSILE DEFENSE CLEARS ANOTHER HURDLE IN TEST (AUG 03/IANS)  INDO-ASIAN NEWS SERVICE -- India has successfully completed tests of the endo-atmospheric Advanced Air Defense (AAD) interceptor missile, reports the Indo-Asian News Service.   On Thursday, the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) conducted tests over Abdul Kalam island, which is located in the Bay of Bengal.   The AAD successfully identified and hit a dummy missile at a distance of 15 miles (40 km), identifying it from a number of simulated targets, said officials.   The tests sought to validate some undisclosed "improved features," defense sources told the Press Trust of India.   The indigenously-developed AAD is the lower-tier element of India's in-development missile defense system. It is designed to neutralize incoming low-altitude ballistic missiles at a range of 15-25 kilometers
Item Number:9 Date: 08/03/2018 JORDAN - ARMY DRIVES OFF ISIS FIGHTERS ATTEMPTING TO ENTER FROM SYRIA (AUG 03/ALJAZ)  AL JAZEERA -- Several Islamic State militants have been killed in border clashes with the Jordanian army, reports Al Jazeera (Qatar).   Fighting erupted on Tuesday near the Yarmouk Valley in southwest Syria near the border with Jordan and continued for nearly 20 hours, said an unnamed army spokesperson.   The ISIS militants were fleeing Syrian forces conducting operations in the region and seeking cover among hundreds of civilians camped near the border, an army source told Jordan's Petra news agency.   The fighting forced the militants to retreat back to Syria.   The Islamic State still remains active in the southwestern region of Syria. Dozens of fighters are believed to be in hiding near the border in the Yarmouk Valley, the remnants of the 1,000 to 1,500 militants that once controlled the area.   Separately, the Jordanian government plans to keep the Jaber border crossing with Syria closed, reported Al Bawaba News (Jordan). The border crossing will reopen once security is restored in Syria and Iraq, said Prime Minister Omar Razzaz.  
Item Number:13 Date: 08/03/2018 USA - NORTH KOREA'S WORK ON NUCLEAR WEAPONS INCONSISTENT WITH SINGAPORE PLEDGE, SAYS POMPEO (AUG 03/REU)  REUTERS -- U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo says that North Korea's continued work on its weapons programs is inconsistent with its pledge to denuclearize, reports Reuters.   "Chairman Kim made a commitment to denuclearize," Pompeo told reporters on Friday while en route to Singapore to attend a meeting of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).   Recent reports of North Korean weapons activity show that there is still work to be done, he continued.   Despite promises made by North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un during a summit with U.S. President Donald Trump in June, progress has been slow.   Pompeo confirmed reports of continued weapons development in North Korea during testimony to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on July 25.   Earlier this week, the Washington Post reported that satellite imagery suggested construction of one or two new liquid-fueled intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) at a research facility outside of Pyongyang.   North Korean Foreign Minister Ri Yong Ho is also traveling to Singapore for the ASEAN meeting on Saturday. The U.S. State Dept. has not said whether Ri and Pompeo will meet
  Item Number:16 Date: 08/03/2018 YEMEN - SUSPECTED AIRSTRIKE KILLS DOZENS IN HODEIDAH (AUG 03/ALJAZ)  AL JAZEERA -- Dozens of people have been killed and wounded after a suspected airstrike on the Houthi-held city of Hodeidah, Yemen, reports Al Jazeera (Qatar).   On Thursday, explosions rocked the city's al-Thawra hospital and a popular fish market in the port city.   Casualty counts varied. Early reports from Reuters said that 26 people were killed and 50 wounded, citing officials in the Houthi-run health ministry. China's state-run Xinhua news agency reported 72 killed, later revising the figure to 52 killed and 102 wounded, citing officials in the same ministry.   Officials said that the counts were not final and would likely rise.   The spokesman for the Saudi-led coalition accused the Houthi rebels of carrying out the attack and denied that it was a coalition operation.   The Houthi rebels, who have received support from Iran, are known to operate mortars and some missiles, including those taken by defectors from the Yemeni armed forces. It is not known to operate an air component.   Located 65 feet (20 meters) from the fish market, the al-Thawra hospital was one of the few still operating in the city, controlled by the Houthis and subject to a coalition siege.   There were no known military targets in the immediate area, a local fisherman told Al Jazeera.  
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