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Wednesday, July 25, 2018

TheList 4774


The List 4774     TGB


To All,
I hope that your week has started well.
Regards,
Skip
This day in Naval History
July 24
1813- Sailing Master Elijah Mix attempts to blow up British warship Plantagenet with a torpedo near Cape Henry, Virginia.
1843—David Henshaw takes office as the 14th Secretary of the Navy, serving until Feb. 18, 1844. USS Henshaw (DD 278) was named in his honor.
1863—During the Civil War, the steam sloop of war USS Iroquois captures the Confederate blockade-runner, Merrimac, off North Carolina. Purchased by the Navy in March 1864, she is converted into a gunboat and commissioned USS Merrimac.
1894—A party of 50 Marines and Sailors under Marine Corps Capt. George Fielding Elliott, is sent from the cruiser, USS Baltimore (C 3), to guard the American delegation at Seoul, Korea, during the Sino-Japanese War.
1942—USS Narwhal (SS 167) sinks Japanese guardboat No.83 Shinsei Maru, at Utsutsu Bay, Hokkaido. USS Narwhal also sinks freighters Nissho Maru off Etorofu Maru, Kuril Island, and Kofuji Maru off Oito.
1944—Task Force 52, commanded by Rear Adm. Harry W. Hill, lands the Fourth Marine Division, commanded Marine Corps Maj. Gen. Harry Schmidt, on Tinian, following a month of naval gunfire and air bombardment. During the invasion, USS Colorado (BB 45) and USS Norman Scott (DD 690) are damaged by Japanese shore batteries. On Aug. 1, the island is declared secure.
1945—Task Force 38, commanded by Vice Adm. John S. McCain, launches strikes against the Inland Sea area, Japan, bombing Kure Naval Base and airfields at Nagoya, Osaka, and Miho, while sinking five Japanese vessels.
1945—While escorting a troop convoy from Okinawa to Leyte, USS Underhill (DE 682) is hit and sunk by a Japanese kaiten manned torpedo. Of the 238 men onboard only 125 survive.
1993—USS Columbus (SSN 762) is commissioned at Submarine Base New London, Groton, CT. The Los Angeles-class nuclear-powered attack submarine is the fifth ship to be named Columbus for the Navy. 
 
July 24 1943…Operation Gamorah begins wth Allied aircraft bombing the city of Hamburg around the clock. Americans by Day and Canadians by night
 
Today in History July 24
1505

On their way to India, a group of Portuguese explorers sack the city-state of Kilwa.
1567

Mary, Queen of Scots, is imprisoned and forced to abdicate her throne to her 1-year-old son James VI.
1701

Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac establishes Fort Pontchartrain for France at present-day Detroit, Michigan.
1704

Admiral George Rooke takes Gibraltar from the Spanish.
1766

At Fort Ontario, Canada, Ottawa chief Pontiac and William Johnson sign a peace agreement.
1791

Robespierre expels all Jacobins opposed to the principles of the French Revolution.
1847

The first members of Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormons) arrive in Utah, settling in present-day Salt Lake City.
1862

The eighth president of the United States, Martin Van Buren, dies at the age of 79.
1897

African-American soldiers of the 25th Infantry Bicycle Corps arrive in St. Louis, Mo., after completing a 40-day bike ride from Missoula, Montana.
1941

The U.S. government denounces Japanese actions in Indochina.
1942

The Soviet city of Rostov is captured by German troops.
1950

The U.S. Fifth Air Force relocates from Japan to Korea.
1974

The Supreme Court rules that President Richard Nixon must surrender the Watergate tapes.
 
1911
 
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Thanks to Paul
This is a great story. I met Dieter at NAS Miramar once. Interesting guy.
Don't know if this story has made the rounds in the List. I don't recall hearing this story in SERE school but I must have and don't remember it.
 
 
Deuce
You can watch Little Dieter Needs to Fly on Netflix and Rescue Dawn on Amazon Prime. 
 
"Dengler had trained in escape and survival at the Navy SERE survival school, where he had twice escaped from the mock-POW camp run by SERE instructors and Marine guards and was planning a third escape when the training ended. He had also set a record as the only student to actually gain weight (three pounds) during the SERE course"
 
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Thanks to Dr. Rich…..
Thanks to Ken …
 
Hard to believe that most of these accidents are the result of the pilot having lost most of his/her intelligence sometime during their teen age years!!! 
 
On the other hand, maybe s/he didn't have much to start with. 
 
Or, it could be that pilot who knows everything and checks nothing.
 
Very few  "heads up" Pilots have these problems … they normally reach the age of retirement !!
 
(Think the Aerostar go-around, after the gear-up landing, turned out OK?)
 
 
 
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NAVAL HISTORY AND HERITAGE COMMAND WEEKLY REPORT
The history of the USS Indianapolis in the URL below is worth the read. Most folks never remembered or knew about it until the bit in the Movie "Jaws"  see below
Director Cox and Dr. Hulver joined the survivors and families of USS Indianapolis (CA-35) at the Columbia Club of Indianapolis. Learn what they had to say to the group (https://www.history.navy.mil/news-and-events/news/2018/honoring-the-sacrifice-of-those-who-served.html).  The Sinking of USS Indianapolis is also this week's Webpage of the Week (https://www.history.navy.mil/browse-by-topic/disasters-and-phenomena/indianapolis.html).
 
 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u9S41Kplsbs
 
May 28, 2011 · Jaws (1975) - The Indianapolis Speech Scene (7/10) | Movieclips ... Edgar Harrell, USS Indianapolis Survivor - Duration: 13:46. Jeff Shrader 159,310 views.
Author: Movieclips
Views: 2M
https://neilchughes.com/2013/03/10/the-indianapolis-speech-by...
Robert Shaw is probably the main reason for Jaws being one of my favourite films of all time, mainly of course for a scene that is three and half minutes of near-perfection.
Robert Shaw was the Nasty villain who had the great fight scene on the train in the James Bond movie  from Russia with Love
 
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The book "Tinian"was a great read and was acknowledged as the best run invasion of the Island campaign.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Tinian
The Battle of Tinian was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, fought on the island of Tinian in the Mariana Islands from 24 July until 1 August 1944. The 9,000-man Japanese garrison was eliminated, and the island joined Saipan and Guam as a base for the Twentieth Air Force.
Result: American victory
Date: 24 July – 1 August 1944
Battle ·
 
 
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Thinks to John …and Dr. Rich   The Long Ranger and Tonto
A 'smokin' tribute to Clayton Moore and Jay Silverheels ..
This will put a smile on your face, and a lump in your throat … what a great guy we lost too soon …
 
 
 
 
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Item Number:1 Date: 07/24/2018 AFGHANISTAN - NEW REGIONAL FORCE TO HOLD AREAS CLEARED OF MILITANTS (JUL 24/VOA)  VOICE OF AMERICA NEWS -- Veterans of the Afghan security forces are being recruited to form a new regional force to hold areas retaken from the Islamic State (ISIS) and Taliban, reports the Voice of America News.   The Afghan Army Regional Force will be well-equipped and provided with air support when needed, a spokesman for the Afghan Ministry of Defense said.   Members of the new force will be deployed at strategic locations across the country that have been cleared of militants. The goal is to prevent militants from returning.   Recruitment for the regional force has begun in the eastern Laghman, northeastern Kapisa, southern Kandahar and western Herat provinces, with plans to expand, said the spokesman.   Nangarhar, the province with the strongest ISIS presence, is high on that list, said the provincial governer.   Officials have emphasized that the new force is not a militia, which have in the past been accused of acting with impunity in rural areas and committing abuses.   Members will be vetted against the same criteria applied to the other security forces in the country.   President Ashraf Ghani ordered the creation of the Afghan Army Regional Force earlier this year, with the objective of recruiting 36,000 personnel.  
  Item Number:2 Date: 07/24/2018 IRAN - KURDISH MILITANTS BLAMED FOR DEADLY ATTACK ON PARAMILITARIES (JUL 24/TASNIM)  TASNIM NEWS AGENCY -- At least 10 Iranian paramilitaries have been killed in an attack on a border post in western Iran, reports Iran's semi-official Tasnim news agency.   Militants attacked a military post in the town of Marivan in Kurdistan province on Saturday, reported the semi-official Fars news agency.   Several militants were reportedly killed and an ammunition depot was destroyed in the fighting.   Eleven members of the Basij paramilitary force, which is part of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), were killed in the fighting, provincial officials said, as cited by Reuters.   This was the deadliest attack on Iranian forces along the Iraqi border in recent years, noted Al Jazeera (Qatar).   Officials blamed the Kurdish armed opposition group Party of Free Life of Kurdistan (PJAK) for the attack. The group is linked to the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) in southeastern Turkey and operates in the border area with other armed Kurdish groups based in northern Iraq
Item Number:3 Date: 07/24/2018 ISRAEL - DEFENSE MINSITRY SEEKS TO BOOST MISSILE DEFENSE SPENDING IN RESPONSE TO GROWING THREATS (JUL 24/HA)  HAARETZ -- The Israeli Defense Ministry plans to spend US$8.3 billion on missile defense over the next decade, reports Haaretz (Israel).   The new plan includes an increase of roughly US$4.1 billion, mostly for missile defense, which is expected to be submitted to the Israeli security cabinet on July 29.   Under the plan, missile defense spending would total about US$824 million annually from 2019 to 2028.   Additional funding, about half the figure, will come from the Finance Ministry and is unlikely to result in cuts elsewhere in the budget, the newspaper said.   More resources are needed for needed for missile defense, due to growing security threats and repeated violations of Israeli airspace, said defense officials.   One official dismissed the reports, arguing that it is political cover ahead of next year's elections. No serious talks on such a spending increase have taken place, said the official.  
  Item Number:4 Date: 07/24/2018 ISRAEL - GAZA STRIP BORDER CROSSING COULD BE REOPENED, SAYS DEFENSE MINISTER (JUL 24/HA)  HAARETZ -- Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman says that Israel may reopen a major border crossing with the Gaza Strip if the region stays quiet, reports Haaretz (Israel).   Israel will allow normal activity to resume at the Kerem Shalom crossing on Tuesday, if calm is maintained, which includes an end to kite and balloon firebombs, Lieberman said in an interview on Sunday. Fishing zones will return to their previous range, he said.   Kerem Shalom is Gaza's only commercial crossing, noted the newspaper.   Saturday "was the calmest day perhaps since March 30," the defense minister said.   The announcement follows a U.N. call for the restrictions to be lifted. Officials warned that the enclave was facing serious fuel shortages affecting hospitals, as well as water and sanitation facilities, reported the Middle East Eye.   Hospitals could soon be forced to close, with emergency supplies set to run out in early August, said a U.N. spokesman.   The Israeli government ordered the Kerem Shalom crossing closed to most deliveries on July 9. It remained open for food and medicine deliveries on a case-by-case basis.   The restrictions were tightened last week to prevent fuel deliveries and the fishing zone off Gaza was reduced from 6 nm to 3 nm.   On July 21, Hamas announced that a new cease-fire agreement had been reached with Israel following a series of Israeli airstrikes that killed four Palestinians and injuring nearly 120 Gazans, reported Reuters.   The Israeli military hit 68 Hamas targets on Friday, including battalion compounds; weapons manufacturing sites; a shaft to a tunnel network; a factory for underground infrastructure manufacturing; a UAV warehouse; a military operations room; training facilities; and observation posts, reported Xinhua, China's state news agency.   The strikes were in response to the death of an Israeli soldier during operations near southern Gaza. He was the first soldier to be killed on the Gaza front since 2014
Item Number:5 Date: 07/24/2018 ISRAEL - NETANYAHU REBUFFS RUSSIAN OFFER ON IRANIAN PRESENCE IN SYRIA (JUL 24/VOA)  VOICE OF AMERICA NEWS -- Israel has rejected a Russian offer to keep Iranian forces in Syria about 62 miles (100 km) from the Israeli border, reports the Voice of America News.   The matter was discussed on Monday by a Russian delegation headed by Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in Tel Aviv.   Netanyahu reportedly rejected the Russian offer, which expanded upon similar offers made by Moscow in the past, reported the Times of Israel.   An Israeli official told Reuters that the Russians were sincere, but Netanyahu rejected it, citing the threat posed by Iranian missiles.   The prime minister has repeatedly demanded that Iran withdraw all of its troops, missile systems and air defenses from Syria, in addition to weapons factories.   Russia has indicated that it is unrealistic to expect Iran to fully leave Syria.   As Syrian forces move towards the Golan Heights as part of operations against rebels in southwestern Syria, Netanyahu has stressed the importance of respecting the 1974 disengagement plan, which created a buffer zone between the Israel-administered heights and the rest of Syria.  
  Item Number:6 Date: 07/24/2018 NIGER - SUSPECTED BOKO HARAM MILITANTS LAUNCH ATTACKS IN EAST (JUL 24/VANGUARD)  VANGUARD -- Militants from the Nigeria-based Boko Haram terrorist attack are suspected in a pair of attacks in eastern Niger and in western Chad, reports the Vanguard (Lagos).   On July 19, Boko Haram fighters attacked a village south of Daboua, near the border with Niger, a Chadian military source said on Sunday.   The militants killed 18 people and kidnapped 10 women, the source said. One of the abducted women later escaped, said local officials cited by Al Jazeera (Qatar).   At least 3,000 civilians in the Lake Chad region were forced to evacuate as a precaution following the attack.   Also on July 19, suspected Boko Haram militants attacked a military base in Baroua in Niger's eastern Diffa region, near the border with Nigeria.   During the overnight attack, 10 militants were killed, the Nigerien Defense Ministry said, as cited by Agence France-Presse. One Nigerien soldier died and two were injured, said the ministry.  
  Item Number:7 Date: 07/24/2018 NIGERIA - SUICIDE BOMBER KILLS 8 IN ASSAULT ON MOSQUE (JUL 24/VANGUARD)  VANGUARD -- At least eight people have been killed and seven injured in a suicide bombing that targeted a mosque in northeastern Nigeria, reports the Vanguard (Lagos).   On Monday, the attacker entered the mosque in Konduga, Borno state, and set off his explosive device among worshippers attending morning prayers, police said.   Seven people, including the bomber, died immediately. Another died on his way to the regional hospital in Maiduguri, the state capital.   The explosion leveled the mosque, which collapsed after the attack, witnesses told the News Agency of Nigeria.   There were no immediate claims of responsibility. The attack follows the tactics of Boko Haram, which is active in the area
  Item Number:8 Date: 07/24/2018 NORTH KOREA - SATELLITE PHOTOS SHOW DISMANTLEMENT AT SATELLITE LAUNCHING SITE (JUL 24/38N)  38 NORTH -- The North Korean government has started dismantling a major test site for missile-engines, reports 38 North, a research project of the U.S.-Korea Institute at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies.   Satellite imagery from July 20 to July 22 shows the apparent dismantlement of the Sohae Satellite Launching Station, the website reported on Monday.   Satellite photos show the destruction of the rail-mounted processing building, where space launch vehicles are prepared before launch.   The imagery also suggests that a test stand, used to experiment with liquid-fuel engines used by ballistic missiles and space launch vehicles, has also been dismantled.   The move follows numerous reports that suggested that President Donald Trump was unhappy with the lack of significant North Korean steps to denuclearize following his summit with North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un in June, the reported New York Times
  Item Number:9 Date: 07/24/2018 RWANDA - KAGAME HOSTS CHINESE, INDIAN LEADERS TO BOOST TIES (JUL 24/EA)  EAST AFRICAN -- The leaders of China and India visited Rwanda this week to strengthen bilateral relations, reports the East African (Nairobi).   Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrived in Kigali, the Rwandan capital, on Monday for bilateral talks.   Several agreements were signed, including a US$200 million loan for industrial development, irrigation and the expansion of the Kigali Special Economic Zone.   Modi also announced that India would establish a new, top-level position in the country, the high commissioner. This would be India's first diplomatic posting in Kigali, the news portal noted.   Other deals touched on defense, trade and agricultural cooperation, reported the Press Trust of India. The value and exact content of the deals was not announced.   Chinese President Xi Jinping paid a visit on Sunday.   Chinese and Rwandan leaders signed 15 agreements covering trade, development, law enforcement and diplomacy, including visa exemptions for diplomatic and service passport holders, according to the New Times (Rwanda).   In joint press conference with Rwandan President Paul Kagame, the leaders also said that China would fund the expansion of the Masaka District Hospital in Kigali and offer loans for the construction of a highway between the Southern province and an under-construction airport.   In exchange, China received mining concessions and cooperation on geological surveys, reported the South China Morning Post   Modi and Xi are touring African countries in the run up to the BRICS summit on Wednesday in Johannesburg. Brazil, China, India, Russia and South Africa comprise the five-member association of emerging economies.   China and India have been competing for influence in the Indian Ocean and East Africa. China's growing influence threatens to cut India off from its traditional allies, said analysts.  
  Item Number:10 Date: 07/24/2018 SAUDI ARABIA - LOCKHEED WINS DEAL FOR DESIGN WORK FOR NEW FRIGATES (JUL 24/LM)  LOCKHEED MARTIN -- The U.S. government has awarded Lockheed Martin a contract to begin preparations for the construction of four frigates for Saudi Arabia, reports the defense firm.   The US$450 million deal covers the start of detailed design and planning for the construction of four Multi-Mission Surface Combatants (MMSCs) for the Saudi navy, said a Lockheed release on July 20.   The warships will be built at the Fincantieri Marinette Marine shipyard in Wisconsin.   Lockheed received a US$481 million contract in March for long lead-time materials for the vessels   The MMSC is based on Lockheed's Freedom-class littoral combat ship design. It features improved capabilities such as an integrated Mk 41 vertical launch system; an increased range of 5,000 nm; and a maximum speed of 30 knots.   The ships will be equipped with the COMBATSS-21 combat management system, which supports air defense and surface warfare capabilities, said Lockheed.   The new frigates are part of a long-planned Saudi naval expansion program focused on the navy's Eastern Fleet
Item Number:11 Date: 07/24/2018 UGANDA - 3 SOLDIERS DIE IN MOB VIOLENCE (JUL 24/URN)  UGANDA RADIO NETWORK -- Three Ugandan soldiers have been killed in a mob attack in northern Uganda near the border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, reports the Uganda Radio Network.   The soldiers, assigned to the Vurra Customs Army Detachment, were attacked in the village of Pelele in the Arua district in northwestern Uganda.   A mob of locals intercepted the soldiers after a motorcyclist sounded an alarm that the troops planned to rob him, police said.   It was not clear what the soldiers were doing 5 miles (8 km) away from their post, said a police spokeswoman. Eight people were arrested in connection with the incident.   Robberies are common in the region, noted Xinhua, China's state news agency.   The military has launched an investigation into the attack
Item Number:12 Date: 07/24/2018 UNITED KINGDOM - DEFENSE MINISTRY EYES JOINT OPS WITH AUSTRALIA IN PACIFIC (JUL 24/GUARDIAN)  GUARDIAN -- Top Australian and British officials have been discussing strengthening their cooperation in response to growing tensions with China in the South China Sea, reports the Guardian (U.K.).   British Defense Secretary Gavin Williamson and Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt hosted their Australian counterparts, Defense Minister Marise Payne and Foreign Minister Julie Bishop, last week in Edinburgh.   The talks included potential plans for the British Royal Navy to deploy its new aircraft carrier, HMS Queen Elizabeth, to the South Pacific.   "We are very much hoping and going to work together on deploying HMS Queen Elizabeth to the Pacific and hopefully sailing side by side with Australian vessels," Williamson said, as quoted by the Sydney Morning Herald.   China has been stepping up its activities in the disputed South China Sea, including building air bases, installing missile systems and increasing control of regional sea lanes.   These threats justify greater defense and security cooperation in the Pacific region between the U.K. and Australia, Bishop said at a joint press conference on July 20.   As part of efforts to strengthen its presence in the region, the U.K. has decided to increase its diplomatic outposts in countries such as Tonga and Vanuatu in the South Pacific, officials said.   The potential joint operation in the Pacific is years away, since the Queen Elizabeth is not scheduled to enter service until 2020, after completing fitting out and various trials
  Item Number:13 Date: 07/24/2018 USA - FINAL VERSION OF U.S. NDAA SUSPENDS F-35 SALES TO TURKEY (JUL 24/HILL)  THE HILL -- The final version of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) would halt deliveries of the F-35 fighter jet to Turkey until the Pentagon submits a report on the state of U.S.-Turkey relations to Congress, reports the Hill (Washington, D.C.).   The report would be due within 90 days of the passing of the defense spending bill, senior aides to the House Armed Services Committee told reporters on Monday.   The House committee opted against a previously-proposed ban on all weapons sales to Turkey in lieu of the final version, originally proposed by the Senate.   The Senate version included provisions targeting Ankara's F-35 purchases and sanctions if Turkey goes forward with plans to buy Russian S-400 air defense systems.   Tensions have increased between the allies amid democratic backsliding, differences over the Kurds in Syria and Ankara's detention of a U.S. pastor.   Defense Secretary James Mattis has opposed efforts to halt F-35 deliveries to Turkey.   Mattis also warned of a supply chain disruption if sales to Turkey are suspended, which could push prices higher, he said.   At least 10 Turkish firms supply parts for the fighter jet, reported Bloomberg News.   The NDAA has passed committee and will next face a vote in the House and Senate.  
  Item Number:14 Date: 07/24/2018 USA - MATTIS SEEKS EXEMPTIONS FROM SANCTIONS FOR PARTNERS DEPENDENT ON RUSSIAN MILITARY EQUIPMENT (JUL 24/RFE/RL)  RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY -- Secretary of Defense James Mattis has called on Congress to exempt some countries from U.S. penalties for buying weapons from Russia, reports Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.   There are growing concerns about imposing sanctions on India and other countries in Asia where the U.S. is trying to enhance ties, but which have a traditionally purchased Russian weapons.   In a statement on Friday, Mattis said Russia should pay a price for its "aggressive, destabilizing behavior," but that the punishment should not apply to U.S. allies or other countries where Washington is developing relations.   In a letter to Senate Armed Service Committee Chairman John McCain last week, Mattis called on lawmakers to let the State Dept. waive sanctions if the U.S. "has a strategic interest in working with nations that are transitioning to closer ties with America but may still depend on Russian equipment."   The waiver option would strengthen ties and avoid unintended damage to long-term, national strategic interests, such as pushing potential partners into deeper dependency on Russia, said Mattis.   India is currently seeking to buy S-400 air defense systems from Russia. Mattis and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo are scheduled to visit New Delhi for talks in September.   Sanctions were imposed on Russian military and intelligence agencies and defense industry last year in retaliation for interference in the 2016 presidential election.  
 Item Number:15 Date: 07/24/2018 USA - POTENTIAL F-35 ENGINE UPGRADE COULD PAVE WAY FOR LASER WEAPONS (JUL 24/AWST)  AVIATION WEEK AND SPACE TECHNOLOGY -- U.S. engine manufacturer Pratt & Whitney is developing a modernization for the F135 engine that powers the F-35 Lightning II stealth fighter that could enable directed energy weapons, reports Aviation Week & Space Technology.   The upgrade package, dubbed Growth Option 2.0 (GO2), includes increased power and thermal management system capabilities, which would permit the use of directed energy weapons and other advanced offensive and defensive systems.   The power and thermal management system capability would be part of a suite of compressor and turbine enhancements originally proposed in 2017 for the GO1 upgrade package. The latter offered 10 percent greater thrust and 5 percent in fuel reductions.   By combining GO1 and GO2 into a single package, Pratt & Whitney is tailoring its proposal to better match the F-35 upgrade strategy put forward under the C2D2 continuous improvement plan.   The complete package could be available within four years of approval, according to the engine maker.   Testing has begun for some of the technologies for the new upgrade packages, said a Pratt & Whitney spokesman.  
  Item Number:16 Date: 07/24/2018 YEMEN - SUICIDE ATTACK AGAINST TOP SECURITY OFFICIAL KILLS 4 (JUL 24/ANADOLU)  ANADOLU NEWS AGENCY -- Four people have been killed and five injured in an explosion in the southern Yemeni city of Aden, reports Turkey's state-run Anadolu Agency.   On Tuesday, a motorcycle driver approached a security checkpoint in the city's Enma area before detonating his improvised explosive device (IED), an unnamed local security official told China's state Xinhua news agency.   The attack appeared to target a nearby military vehicle carrying senior security official Rami Muthana al-Sumaidi, who was seriously injured.   Four soldiers were wounded in the blast, two of them seriously, said the source.   There were no immediate claims of responsibility. Police sources in Yemen blamed the attack on the local Al-Qaida affiliate, Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP).   Aden has served as the temporary capital of Yemen since the capital, Sanaa, was taken by Houthi rebels in 2014.  
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