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Sunday, June 3, 2018

TheList 4733












The List 4733


To All,
A bit of history and some tidbits.
Regards,
Skip
This day in Naval History
May 30
1814 - Navy gunboats capture three British boats on Lake Ontario near Sandy Creek, NY
 
1864—During the Civil War, the side-wheel steamship USS Keystone State and the iron screw steamship USS Massachusetts capture British blockade-runner Caledonia south of Cape Fear, NC.
1944—USS Guitarro (SS 363) sinks Japanese freighter Shisen Maru, 60 miles south-east of Keelung, Formosa. Also on this date, USS Pompon (SS 267) sinks Japanese freighter Shiga Maru off Muroto Saki, Japan while USS Rasher (SS 269) sinks the gunboat Anshu Maru about 110 miles north-northeast of Halmahera.
1945—A TBM (VC 82) from USS Anzio (CVE 57) sinks Japanese submarine (I 361), 400 miles southeast of Okinawa. Also on this date, USS Blenny (SS 324) sinks Japanese cargo ship Hokoku Maru 40 miles southwest of Banjarmasin, Borneo while USS Croaker (SS 246) sinks Shuttle Boat (No.154) and Shuttle Boat (No. 146).
2008—USS Dubuque (LPD 8) rescues six Filipino mariners from a sinking vessel in the Balabac Strait. She was originally commissioned in September 1967 and decommissioned in June 2011. Dubuque is now in the reserve fleet at Bremerton, WA.
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Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
Top national headlines included ABC canceling "Roseanne" after a racist tweet by the show's star was reported, as well as the resignation of Missouri Governor Eric Greitens. While in Hawaii, Defense Secretary Jim Mattis spoke on U.S. defense strategy in the Indo-Pacific region saying the U.S. desires "a safe and secure and free Indo-Pacific region based on the shared principles that are aligned with international law," reports the San Diego Union Tribune. In reference to China, Mattis also stated that the U.S. will continue to "confront what we believe is out of step with international law." KPBS profiles the Navy's new ad campaign to counter negative images some young Americans have about Navy service. Additionally, USNI News interviewed Assistant Secretary of the Navy James Geurts over the importance of unmanned systems to the Navy's future.
 
 
Today in History May 30
1416

Jerome of Prague is burned as a heretic by the Church.
1431

Joan of Arc is burned at the stake by the English.
1527

The University of Marburg is founded in Germany.
1539

Hernando de Soto lands in Florida with 600 soldiers in search of gold.
1783

The first American daily newspaper, The Pennsylvania Evening Post, begins publishing in Philadelphia.
1814

The First Treaty of Paris is declared, returning France to its 1792 borders.
1848

William Young patents the ice cream freezer.
1854

1859

The Piedmontese army crosses the Sesia River and defeats the Austrians at Palestro.
1862

Union General Henry Halleck enters Corinth, Mississippi.
1868

Memorial Day begins when two women place flowers on both Confederate and Union graves.
1889

The brassiere is invented.
1912

U.S. Marines are sent to Nicaragua to protect American interests.
1913

The First Balkan War ends.
1921

The U.S. Navy transfers the Teapot Dome oil reserves to the Department of the Interior.
1942

The Royal Air Force launches the first 1,000 plane raid over Germany.
1971

NASA launches Mariner 9, the first satellite to orbit Mars.
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With our thanks to THE Bear at www.rollingthunderremembered.com 
 
ROLLING THUNDER REMEMBERED … 30 MAY 1968… THE STRUGGLE FOR PRESIDENT JOHNSON'S HEART AND MIND…
May 30, 2018    Bear Taylor   
RIPPLE SALVO… #816… THE RTR POST FOR 25 MAY, INCLUDING RIPPLE SALVO #811, CITED TWO REFERENCES FOR A 21 MAY 1968 MEETING AT THE WHITE HOUSE THAT WRAPPED UP WITH SECRETARY OF DEFENSE TELLING THE PRESIDENT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAD NO PLAN TO WIN THE VIETNAM WAR. Ripple Salvo #816 picks up the rest of the conversation conducted in Secretary of State Dean Rusk's office on 24 May 1968… Secretary Clifford left that meeting thinking: "From my point of view, the struggle was for the President's mind and heart, and Dean was always going to oppose me."… but first…
GOOD MORNING… Day EIGHT HUNDRED SIXTEEN of a return to Operation Rolling Thunder, the American air campaign that carried the bloody war from the battlefields of South Vietnam to the heartland of North Vietnam…
HEAD LINES from THE NEW YORK TIMES on a rainy New York, Thursday, 30 May 1968 (Memorial Day 1968)…
THE WAR: Page 1: "COMBAT IS HEAVIER NEAR THE BUFFER ZONE–FOE'S RAIDS IN SAIGON AREA TERMED UNDER CONTROL"…
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This helps to feed into the Battle of Midway information which will start soon.
Thanks to Barrett Tillman for putting this together for The List on the Coral Sea Battle and its  important relation to the Battle of Midway.
 
The battle of the Coral Sea.
Most histories treat the first two aircraft carrier battles separately, but in fact they were closely related.  Coral Sea directly influenced Midway four weeks later, not only tactically but strategically. 
On May 7-8, 1942 two fleets engaged in combat without sighting each other.  It had never happened before, and it only occurred four times thereafter.  The naval millennium had finally arrived.
The Battle of the Coral Sea began with Japan's thrust toward the Allied base at Port Moresby on New Guinea's southeast coast, opposite Australia.  PacFleet intelligence picked up Tokyo's plans, allowing Admiral Chester Nimitz to dispatch the carriers Lexington (CV-2) and Yorktown (CV-5) to intervene.  They were opposed by three Japanese flattops: a small one screening the troop transports and a striking arm of two large fleet carriers.
The Americans got in the first blow.  On the morning of May 7, a 93-plane strike from both U.S. flattops overwhelmed Japan's small Shoho, which went down in about 20 minutes.  Subsequently dive bombers from Vice Adm. Chuichi Naguno's strike force sank a U.S. oiler and destroyer, and that evening another Japanese formation found Vice Adm. Frank Jack Fletcher's force.  A dusk dogfight erupted with heavy losses to the Japanese—one or two of whom entered Yorktown's traffic pattern.
The next day was an all-out battle between heavyweights: "Lex" and "Yorky" versus the sisters Shokaku and Zuikaku.  Again the Americans struck first, badly damaging Shokaku and mauling her sister's air group.  But the Japanese retaliated, inflicting mortal damage on CV-2 and hitting Yorktown with bombs.  She limped away, making knots for Pearl where yard crews urgently waited.
Japan's drive at Moresby was thwarted—a strategic win for the U.S. while "Lady Lex" was a far greater loss than little ShohoYorktown was sufficiently repaired to make Midway, mainly with beached Saratoga (CV-3) squadrons. 
Thus, Coral Sea and Midway remain hand in glove.  Had either Shokaku or Zuikaku made the Midway lineup, the battle probably would have been irretrievable for PacFleet.
 
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We have had the story of this in the list. The first time was the basic story and then the story of the actual result when he completed that sculptures.
Hand Salute!
The sculpture is a MUST SEE – go to the link in Marc's text
Thanks to Doctor Rich
Marc,
What a wonderful story of a man who lived larger than life!!  The sculpture is fantastic, and what a great tribute, both to U.S. Airmen who made the ultimate sacrifice, and to your dad … 
Will be visiting the website and contributing towards the second casting …
So appropriate that he flew West today … A sad day, but an incredible Memorial Day in his memory for your family!
Rich Sugden M.D.
Jackson, WY
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Subject: Sad News: My father, Fredric Arnold, dies at 96
Family and Friends —

Dad devoted his life to helping people appreciate the incalculable human cost of war.  His monument to the US Airmen killed in WWII was his way of communicating that terrible loss.  It was fitting that he passed away on May 28th, 2018... Memorial Day.

His monumental sculpture, "Lest We Forget: The Mission", fulfilled his vow to honor the more than 88,000 US Airmen Killed during the war.  He completed the seven-year project at the age of 94.

A life-long artist, he appreciated beauty wherever he found it.  He had no desire to go to war… but answered the call when the need arose.  The horrors of the war scarred him deeply and he vowed to honor the twelve out of fourteen of his original Group and the countless others killed in war.  He created the monumental bronze sculpture of twelve airmen in a mission briefing to depict what he called the "quiet heroism of deciding to go on yet another mission, knowing it was Russian Roulette and that some would not return".

Following the war, he led a full and varied life as an inventor (creator of the aluminum folding chair), businessman (several successful companies), writer (best-selling autobiographical novel, "Doorknob Five Two"), actor (appearing in more than 20 movies), public speaker (lecturing to hundreds of groups) and prolific artist (in varied media ranging from sand sculptures to fine art). 

Dad is survived by his loving wife, Natalie, of 73 years, his three children, Marcie, Dana and Marc, his five grandchildren and a circle of friends and supporters that span the globe.

To honor his memory, we invite you to visit www.LestWeForgetSculpture.org, take a moment of your day to contemplate on the debt we owe to the countless young men of WWII to whom we owe so much.  He dreamed of seeing two of his sculptures exhibited to the public, one in Denver, the other in New Orleans.   If you are moved to do so, click here make a contribution through the website to help fund a second casting of the sculpture.  
A traditional Jewish burial will take place today.  Plans for a Memorial Service will be announced.
With boundless love for my father, pride for his life's accomplishments and admiration for who he was,

Marc Arnold
Marc.Arnold@LestWeForgetSculpture.org
(303) 652-6066
 
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Thanks to Laurel
Memorial Day--a good read
 
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Thanks to Robert
Nice to know.

Subject:  A True Story
 Got this today from a Navy friend…..  had to share it.    
Sent: Tuesday, May 22, 2018 9:54 PM
Subject: A True Story
 In 1991, at the end of Desert Storm, a 19 yr. old US Army Cavalry Scout Private who had just spent 8 months at war sat out on a street at Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia.
 He sat there on his duffle bag with his Battalion around him for 4 days waiting for the buses to come and take him to the King Fahad Airport so he could go home.
 Unfortunately, the politicians of the day never planned for how to bring so many soldiers home after the war ended so there was a shortage of planes. Politicians are great at talking, but terrible at doing.
 Finally, the buses came, and took the young man to the airport.
 The planes waiting were from Tower Air.
 The owner of Tower Air had volunteered his planes and staff to bring soldiers home for the cost of fuel only.
 Happily, the young veteran got home just in time for Easter weekend in 1991, and spent that time emotionally healing with friends and family surrounding him….  that Private was me.  
 Written by Ron Knouse.
 *The Airline owner - Donald J Trump.    
 This needs to go viral.
(He's done so many good things you never hear about.)
 
 
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Thanks to Bill   An oldie but a goodie
A Great Sea Story
This is a little knowledge for all my smart friends. Not as long as it looks.
 
The passenger steamer SS Warrimoo was quietly knifing its way through the waters of the mid-Pacific on its way from Vancouver to Australia. The navigator had just finished working out a star fix and brought the master, Captain John Phillips, the result. The Warrimoo's position was LAT 0ยบ 31' N and LON 179 30' W.  The date was 31 December 1899.
 
"Know what this means?" First Mate Payton broke in, "We're only a few miles from the intersection of the Equator and the International Date Line".
Captain Phillips was prankish enough to take full advantage of the opportunity for achieving the navigational freak of a lifetime.  He called his navigators to the bridge to check & double check the ships position.  He changed course slightly so as to bear directly on his mark.  Then he adjusted the engine speed. The calm weather & clear night worked in his favour.
At mid-night the SS Warrimoo lay on the Equator at exactly the point where it crossed the International Date Line! The consequences of this bizarre position were many:
The bow of the ship was in the Southern Hemisphere & in the middle of summer.
The stern was in the Northern Hemisphere & in the middle of winter.
The date in the aft part of the ship was 31 December 1899. In the bow,  it was 1 January 1900.
This ship was therefore not only in two different days, two different months, two different years, and two different seasons, but it was also in two different centuries - all at the same time.
 
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Item Number:1 Date: 05/30/2018 AFGHANISTAN - POLICE OFFICER, 10 MILITANTS KILLED IN BRAZEN ATTACK ON INTERIOR MINISTRY (MAY 30/TN)  TOLONEWS -- One police officer and 10 gunmen have been killed in an attack on the Afghan Interior Ministry in Kabul, reports Tolo News (Kabul).   A suicide bomber set off his explosives at the initial checkpoint at the ministry compound, reported Radio Free Afghanistan.   Militants wearing military uniforms then attempted to breach the compound's defenses and engaged in an hours-long shootout with security forces.   Other militants climbed a nearby tall building and fired rockets into the compound, said police officials cited by the New York Times.   Although they managed to breach the gate to the compound, the attackers were unable to advance inside due to the site's wide-open terrain that put the attackers at a disadvantage, reported Reuters.   At least five police officers were wounded in the clashes, said the ministry spokesman.   The Islamic State later claimed responsibility for the attack in a Twitter post.    
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  Item Number:3 Date: 05/30/2018 CAMEROON - AFTER CLASHES, DOZENS OF CORPSES FOUND IN ANGLOPHONE REGION (MAY 30/REU)  REUTERS -- Dozens of bodies have been discovered in Cameroon's northwest Anglophone region, reports Reuters.   A local human-rights lawyer told the news service that he discovered at least 34 bodies in the town of Menka on May 25.   A second source said that she saw 29 rotting bodies in the town, with many showing signs of bullet wounds. Many of them were young, she said.   Cameroonian soldiers fought with secessionist rebels on May 25 at a hotel in the town, said an army spokesman.   Rebels from Cameroon's predominately Anglophone northwest have been fighting since last year to establish the independent state of Ambazonia. At least 20 members of Cameroon's security forces have been killed and thousands forced to flee the violence.  
  Item Number:4 Date: 05/30/2018 COLOMBIA - PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION HEADS TO RUNOFF; MILITARY KILLS 11 FARC REBELS IN SOUTH (MAY 30/GUARDIAN)  GUARDIAN -- The Colombian presidential election will require a second round, after none of the candidates was able to obtain the 50 percent needed to win outright, reports the Guardian (U.K.).   Conservative candidate Ivan Duque, will run against left-wing candidate and former mayor of Bogota Gustavo Petro in the second round, which is scheduled for June 17.   Duque took 39 percent of the votes during Sunday's election, while Petro won 25 percent.   This is the first presidential election since a peace deal was reached between the government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) militant group.   Duque opposes the peace deal, while Petro supports it.   Separately, also on Sunday, Colombian troops killed 11 dissidents from the disbanded FARC and injured two others, reported Agence France-Presse.   The militants, part of an armed group commanded by former FARC leader Rodrigo Cadete who rejected the 2016 peace deal, reportedly threatened the mayor of Florencia, the capital of Caqueta department, as well as an energy company in the region.   Around 1,200 former members of FARC continue to operate in southern Colombia, financing their operations through drug-trafficking and extortion
  Item Number:5 Date: 05/30/2018 EGYPT - 2 SOLDIERS, 8 MILITANTS KILLED IN RECENT SINAI OPERATIONS, SAYS MILITARY (MAY 30/EGYPTTODAY)  EGYPT TODAY -- Two Egyptian conscripts and eight militants have been killed in ongoing operations in the Sinai Peninsula, reports Egypt Today.   Two officers and three conscripts were wounded in the exchange of gunfire in north and central Sinai, the spokesman for Operation Sinai 2018 said on Tuesday.   The clashes took place "in recent days," said a military statement cited by Agence France-Presse.   Police arrested at least 64 suspected members of the Islamic State affiliate, Sinai Province, he said, as reported by the Egypt Independent.   Security forces recovered 544 handguns, three machine guns, ammunition, military uniforms and a significant amount of drugs, the military said.   At least 15 improvised explosive devices (IEDs), 80 hideouts and about 100 vehicles -- two of which were packed with explosives -- were destroyed by the army, reported Deutsche Presse-Agentur.   Border police have arrested 605 people attempting to illegally cross Egypt's western border with Israel, according to the military.   More than 200 militants and 35 Egyptian troops and police have been killed since February, when Egyptian security forces began the operation to eliminate militants linked to Sinai Province.    
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  Item Number:7 Date: 05/30/2018 INDIA - AGREEMENT REACHED TO IMPLEMENT 2003 CEASE-FIRE IN KASHMIR (MAY 30/TI)  TIMES OF INDIA -- Senior Indian and Pakistani military officials have agreed to bring an end to months of clashes along the line of control and international border in Jammu and Kashmir by adhering to a 2003 cease-fire accord, reports the Times of India.   On Tuesday, Indian Director-General of Military Operations Lt. Gen. Anil Chauhan and his Pakistani counterpart, Maj. Gen. Sahir Shamsad Mirza, decided to "fully implement the 2003 cease-fire understanding in letter and spirit" after Mirza sought talks over a special hotline.   After the meeting, Mirza and Chauhan released similar public statements indicating that both parties agreed to fully implement the 15-year old cease-fire pact.   The leaders also agreed that any problems will be addressed through the hotline and border flag meetings. The move does not mean that the Indian army will reduce its counter-infiltration measures, said unnamed Indian sources.   The number of cease-fire violations in the first five months of this year have exceeded all annual figures since 2003, with both sides regularly employing light artillery, anti-tank missiles and heavy mortars.   There have been nearly 1,300 violations, including 908 along the line of control and the balance along the international border. There were 449 violations in 2016, but clashes increased after September of that year, when Indian special operations forces attacked terrorist targets in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir.   There were 971 violations recorded in 2017, with violence continuing to increase this year.  
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  Item Number:9 Date: 05/30/2018 ISRAEL - CONSTRUCTION UNDERWAY ON SEA BARRIER INTENDED TO DEFEND AGAINST INFILTRATIONS FROM GAZA (MAY 30/TOI)  TIMES OF ISRAEL -- The Israeli government has launched work on a barrier off the Mediterranean coast in an effort to prevent sea infiltrations from the Gaza Strip, reports the Times of Israel.   Construction of the fortified marine wall, being built off Zikim Beach a few miles north of the Gaza Strip, began on Sunday and is expected to be completed by the end of the year, said the Israeli Defense Ministry.   The fortified breakwater has three levels: one under the water; a level of armor stone; and barbed wire along the top. The barrier will be further protected by another wire security fence surrounding it.   The decision to build the barrier was driven by an attack in July 2014 during the conflict with Hamas in Gaza. Four heavily armed Hamas commandos came ashore near Kibbutz Zikim and made an unsuccessful attack against an Israeli tank before being killed
  Item Number:10 Date: 05/30/2018 ISRAEL - UNOFFICIAL CEASE-FIRE AGREED WITH HAMAS AFTER ESCALATING VIOLENCE (MAY 30/ALJAZ)  AL JAZEERA -- The militant group Hamas says it has agreed to cease attacks on Israel if Israel agrees to do the same, a day after Israeli strikes against Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad positions, reports Al Jazeera (Qatar).   Because Israel and Hamas do not have direct relations, Egyptian mediators traveled to Gaza to broker the cease-fire.   Israel has not confirmed the agreement but Intelligence Minister Israel Katz suggested that it will respect the cease-fire as long as militant groups in Gaza do the same.   Senior Israeli officials emphasized that it was not an official truce and that no agreement had been signed, reported Haaretz (Israel).   On Tuesday, militants in Gaza launched between 70 and 130 mortars into southern Israel, wounding seven people, reported the Los Angeles Times.   Half of the projectiles were intercepted by Israel's Iron Dome air defense system, said officials.   Palestinian Islamic Jihad praised the assault, calling it retribution for Israel's killing of three Islamic Jihad militants on Sunday, reported Haaretz. Hamas later claimed responsibility for part of the assault.   Israel responded on Tuesday with 60 strikes against Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad installations in Gaza, including tunnels that reached as much as a half mile into Israeli territory, a drone warehouse and a production facility for mortar shells.  There were no immediate reports of casualties following the Israeli strikes.  
  Item Number:11 Date: 05/30/2018 JAPAN - TOKYO ACCUSES CHINESE SHIPS OF BYPASSING N. KOREAN SANCTIONS (MAY 30/REU)  REUTERS -- The Japanese Foreign Ministry says a Chinese-flagged ship has been identified conducting illegal transfers with North Korean ships, reports Reuters.   A comprehensive assessment of the data led ministry officials to conclude that the Chinese ships were trading with North Korean ships despite U.N. Security Council resolutions banning such trade.   A Japanese P-3 maritime patrol plane spotted a Chinese vessel alongside a North Korean ship on May 19. The two ships were connected by hoses, said the ministry statement.   The Chinese Foreign Ministry said the information provided was "unclear."   China fully enforces all U.N. sanctions, said the ministry. If a breach in the sanctions is proven, Beijing will deal with it as required by law, said a ministry statement provided to Reuters
  Item Number:12 Date: 05/30/2018 NORTH KOREA - LAVROV TO VISIT N. KOREA TO DISCUSS NUCLEAR PROGRAM, BILATERAL TIES (MAY 30/CNN)  CABLE NEWS NETWORK -- Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov will visit North Korea on Thursday, reports CNN.   The meeting will focus on North Korea's nuclear program, regional developments and bilateral ties, the Russian Foreign Ministry said on Wednesday.   Lavrov said he expected the talks to help him understand Pyongyang's position on the potential nuclear deal, reported Reuters.   North Korean Foreign Minister Ri Yong Ho originally invited Lavrov to visit on April 10.   Ri visited Moscow in May for talks with Lavrov, noted the South China Morning Post.   Lavrov has traveled to North Korea before, including for 2009 talks on disarmament.   The announcement comes as the U.S. and North Korea prepare for a summit between President Donald Trump and North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un to discuss Pyongyang's nuclear weapons program.  
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  Item Number:16 Date: 05/30/2018 USA - MILITARY SEEKING PROTOTYPE FOR BULLETPROOF BATTERIES (MAY 30/NEWSCI)  NEW SCIENTIST -- The Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee is researching a way to make bulletproof batteries double as body armor for dismounted soldiers, reports the New Scientist.   The average soldier carries around 20 pounds (9 kg) of body armor and 18 pounds (8 kg) of batteries in the field, said a laboratory spokesman. Combining the two components could significantly reduce the amount of weight soldiers must carry.   The current prototype is a normal battery pack with a small amount of silica injected into it, noted Futurism.com. The additional nanoparticles do not affect the battery's fluid electrolytes until the battery is mechanically shocked, such as being hit by a bullet.   On impact, the silica and electrolytes solidify, which should stop the momentum of the bullet.   Batteries currently employed by U.S. troops are susceptible to leaks or explosions if struck with a bullet.   Researchers have proven the concept with small batteries. The next step is to create a larger prototype that covers more of a soldier's vital areas.   The military has also requested that the batteries be rechargeable. 
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