Wednesday, June 13, 2018

Fw: TheList 4744

The List 4744     TGB


 
To All,
A bit of history and some tidbits.
Regards,
Skip
June 13
1881—The bark-rigged wooden steamship Jeannette sinks after she is crushed in an Arctic ice pack during the expedition to reach the North Pole through the Bering Strait. Only 13 of her crew survive out of 33.
1900—During the Boxer Rebellion, the International Relief Expedition turns back near Anting, China, and moves to Sanstun after the Tientsin-Peking railroad is cut by the Boxers, whose anti-foreign mantra grew to burning homes and killing foreigners as well as Chinese Christians. In total, 56 Marines and Sailors receive the Medal of Honor for their actions during the Rebellion.
1913—Lt. j.g. P.N.L. Bellinger sets an American altitude record for seaplanes when he reaches 6,200 feet in a Curtiss (A 3) aircraft.
1939—USS Saratoga (CV 3) and USS Kanawha (AO 1) complete a two-day underway refueling test off the coast of southern California, demonstrating the feasibility of refueling carriers at sea where bases are not available.
1943—USS Frazier (DD 607) sinks Japanese submarine (I 9), east of Sirius Point, Kiska, Aleutian Islands.
1944—USS Melvin (DD 680) sinks Japanese submarine (RO 36) between 50 and 75 miles east of Saipan. Also on this date USS Barb (SS 220) sinks Japanese army transport Takashima Maru in the Sea of Okhotsk and survives counter-attacks by destroyer Hatsuharu.
1992—USS Maryland (SSBN 738) is commissioned at New London, CT. At the time, she is the 13th out of 18 Ohio-class ballistic missile submarines. 
 
 
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
Top national headlines include continued coverage of the Trump-Kim summit in Singapore, judicial approval of the AT&T/Time Warner merger, and yesterday's voting primaries. Speaking at the Current Strategy Forum, Navy Secretary Richard Spencer addressed the Navy's need to boost recruitment efforts in order to match a buildup of the fleet reports the New London Day. "As the economy improves, we compete," Spencer said. "The game is now in our court to do the best we can to have the tools that we need to recruit, train and retain the best that our country has to offer." Also at the forum, CNO John Richardson told scholars the Navy needs to ignite "a fire in our gut," according to the AP. Additionally, USNI News reports that Vice Adm. Andrew Lewis has been selected to head the newly reestablished 2nd Fleet.
 
 
Today in History June 13
1777

The Marquis de Lafayette arrives in the American colonies to help in their rebellion against Britain.
1863

Confederate forces on their way to Gettysburg clash with Union troops at the Second Battle of Winchester, Virginia.
1920

The U.S. Post Office Department rules that children may not be sent by parcel post.
1923

The French set a trade barrier between occupied Ruhr and the rest of Germany.
1940

Paris is evacuated as the Germans advance on the city.
1943

German spies land on Long Island, New York, and are soon captured.
1944

The first German V-1 buzz-bomb hits London.
1949

Installed by the French, Bao Dai enters Saigon to rule Vietnam.
1971

The New York Times begins publishing the Pentagon Papers.
1978

Israelis withdraw the last of their invading forces from Lebanon.
1979

Sioux Indians are awarded $105 million in compensation for the 1877 U.S. seizure of the Black Hills in South Dakota.
1983

Pioneer 10, already in space for 11 years, leaves the solar system.
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From the Birth of the Army to Marines at Saipan by  W. Thomas Smith Jr.
06/15/2010
 
This Week in American Military History:
 
June 14, 1775: The American Continental Army is formed in Boston: thus June
14 becomes the official birthday of the U.S. Army. George Washington will be appointed commander in chief of the new army the following day.
June 14, 1777:  Two years to the day after the birth of the American Army, Betsy Ross's "Stars and Stripes" (adopted by the Continental Congress) replaces the Grand Union flag as the official national standard. In time, the anniversary of this day will become known as "Flag Day."
June 15, 1944: U.S. Marines under the command of Lt. Gen. Holland M.
"Howlin' Mad" Smith (a recipient of France's Croix de Guerre for his actions during the battle of Belleau Wood in World War I), begin hitting the beaches on Saipan, a Japanese territorial island in the Marianas chain.
In a battle that will continue into August – far longer if counting the tiny pockets of post-battle Japanese resistance – Smith's Marines and soldiers will destroy enemy forces under Lt. Gen. Yoshitsugu Saito.
A German naval attache in Tokyo, will purportedly write: "Saipan was really understood to be a matter of life and death. About that time they began telling the people the truth about the war. They began preparing them for whatever must happen. Before that they had been doing nothing but fooling the people."
Within days, the Japanese fleet will be decisively defeated in the great carrier battle of the Philippine Sea, also known as the "Marianas Turkey Shoot."
June 17, 1775: The battle of Bunker Hill (often referred to as the battle of Breed's Hill) opens when British Army forces and Royal Marines under the command of Gen. William Howe attack American forces under Gen. Israel Putnam and Col. William Prescott who have taken up position on the hills above Boston. The British will ultimately take Bunker and Breed's Hills, but British losses make it a pyrrhic victory.
According to the Library of Congress: "American troops displayed their mettle in the Battle of Bunker Hill during the siege of Boston, inflicting casualties on nearly half of the British troops dispatched to secure Breed's Hill (where most of the fighting occurred)."
June 18, 1812: The U.S. declares war on – what was known at that time as – "the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland." It is the first time the U.S. has declared war on another nation. The War of 1812 is on.
June 20, 1941: The U.S. Army Air Corps is reorganized as the U.S. Army Air Forces (the World War II predecessor to the post-war U.S. Air Force).
 
 
From Barrett Tillman some history about the Marianas campaign:
June 12: Task Force 58 began the air superiority phase of the campaign with fighter sweeps and bombing Jap(anese) facilities
June 15: US phibs ashore on Saipan
June 19: The Great Marinas Turkey Shoot (over 300 Japanese planes splashed) and US sub sink two CVs.
June 20: "The mission beyond darkness" with over 200 TF58 strikers catching the retreating Japanese Mobile Fleet.  Avengers sink one CV; c. 80 US aircraft lost mostly to fuel exhaustion.
 
It was a moonless night and formations broke up; many pilots returned solo.  Night fighters helped guide some strays home.  Actually, Mitscher did not initiate the Turn On The Lights Order.  It was begun by one of his TF commanders, RADM Jocko Clark.  But Mitscher let things get out of hand when DDs and other escorts illuminated.  Many planes went in the water making approaches on boats without flat decks.  (Mitscher is/was over-rated; the policy of a blackshoe for an aviator commander was proven with Arleigh Burke as TF-58 COS.)
 
Full details in "Clash of the Carriers" by Barrett Tillman
 
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Thanks to Bill
                                    
'Commie Cadet' Spenser Rapone Leaving Army with 'Less Than Honorable Discharge'
Eight months after his communist social media postings and conduct caused a conservative media firestorm, 2nd Lieutenant Spenser Rapone (better known as "the commie cadet") is reportedly being processed out of the Army with the most severe type of military administrative discharge -- an "other than honorable discharge."
Rapone, you may recall, is the avowed Marxist and Antifa supporter who posted pictures of himself on social media promoting pro-communist messages and expressing an intention to infiltrate the U.S. military.
He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy in May of 2016, and had been serving in the 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division at Fort Drum in New York.
According to GIJobs.com <http://gijobs.com> , some actions that could lead to an other than honorable discharge "include security violations, use of violence, conviction by a civilian court with a sentence including prison time, or being found guilty of adultery in a divorce hearing (this list is not a definitive list; these are only examples)."
In most cases, veterans who receive an other-than-honorable discharge cannot re-enlist in the Armed Forces or reserves, except under very rare circumstances.  Veterans benefits are not usually available to those discharged through this type of discharge.
Rapone is scheduled to speak in July at a Socialism 2018 conference in Chicago, where he and fellow far-lefty Rory Fanning, an ex-Army ranger, will appear together in a "War Resister in the Ranks"  discussion.
At Socialism 2018 I'll be sitting down with with Spenser Rapone, the US Army Ranger, Afghan-war combat vet, recent West Point graduate, and now war-resister, who sparked nation-wide fury after publicly supporting Colin Kaepernick and Socialism during his West Point graduation.
Deciding he could no longer stomach the immorality of US imperialism, he spoke out against the reprehensible actions of the military in September 2017. He ultimately resigned his commission, and was separated from the Army in June 2018 with an Other Than Honorable discharge.
Last October, Senator Marco Rubio called on the U.S. Army to "immediately nullify" Rapone's commission and recommended that West Point revoke his degree, saying Rapone "clearly was and is a national security threat."
Rubio pointed out in his letter  to acting Army Secretary Ryan McCarthy that Rapone's case was not just a matter of law, but also a matter of "common sense." He added that the second lieutenant's "unchecked behavior is an extreme embarrassment for the United States Army and the United States Military Academy."
SOFREP, a military news site run by Special Ops veterans, first reported the news that the "commie cadet" was finally being drummed out of the Army. For some time, the website had been trying to get an update on Rapone's status, to no avail.
 
 
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Tom Weeks  [ Conclusion ]  Thrilling Epic Of Alcock And Brown Flying Across The Atlantic In 1919   
At quarter past midnight . . Alcock stood up in the cockpit, reached forward with his hand to DIG his fingers into Brown's shoulder . . personal excitement . . somehow arching . . through powerful fingers.
                                                                                               

Dug 'em in . . HARD ! . .                                              
As he pointed . .  UP !           There's VEGA AND . . POLARIS ! 
Like a shot Brown was kneeling on his freezing seat . . clumsily twisting sextant knobs with numbed fingers.                                                      
  Then he spread out his navigation tables . . pinning the paper with one elbow . . while calculating the Vimy's position using their very expensive flashlight . . ' dumbing  down ' with a primative . . fast fading battery. 
Ten minutes later, using an  . . encouragingly small . . resulting navigator's triangle now penciled on his map . . Brown estimated their position as . . 50 degrees 7 ' North Latitude.  And 31 degrees West Longitude. 
Completely trusting his ever-faithful star ' companions ' . . Polaris and Vega.  And using the [ always ] carefully protected navigational sextant had placed them  nearly ' half way ' across the Atlantic Ocean.                                             A bit too far South,
 They'd completed 850 nautical miles with their ground speed enhanced by a little cross and tail wind factored out to 106 knots. But . . roughly 1,000 open water miles of dark Atlantic . . still lay ahead. The two optimists then enjoyed coffee and chomped down more sandwiches. Navigator Brown laced his own coffee with whiskey,his pilot friend Alcock mused : 
" I looked towards him and I noticed that he was singing.  But I couldn't understand a word.  It turns out, in Brown's ebullient and joyful voice . . had to do with visual imagery . . after having a touch of whiskey. 
  " Winged SWALLOWS . . are flyingHIGH . . ABOVE a RIVER . . that . . NEVER EVER . . DRIES UP ! "                                                                                                                  
 In London Daily Mail's newsroom, early AM discussions about the Vimy were gloomy . . edged with apprehension. The under ocean cable from St. John's had announced the Vimy's takeoff . . But then nothing.       
 The news room knew the surplus WW I aircraft had a radio transmitter . . but they were not aware the radio's  batteries went dead just a handful of hours after take-off.
Dispatches from around the world piled up - not one suggesting Alcock and Brown might  ' pull it off.'   And earn the Daily Mail's £10M prize to be the first  gutsy first aviator(s) to fly non-stop across the Atlantic Ocean. The fliers thought they saw the promise of pre-dawn.
Then in the increasing light . . they were stunned by looking at a . . cheese-like solid wedge . . of dark blooming cumulonimbus storm clouds . . directly in their narrow navigational track.   The ' weather devil ' once again placed himself precisely in the way of their finite gasoline load . . on their fuel inflexible flight path. As soon as the converted bomber penetrated the dark anvil . . its rough turbulence . . seized their machine.    Flung it to . . the extreme edge of pilot Adcock's skill and control.
 Alcock and Brown were pressed down into their seats and deluged by rain and hail.  Now pacing their airspeed with up and down ver-tical moves . . as the mature thunderstorm . . gifted nasty thousands of hail stones. And more and more ice layers.   
The impressive snare ' drum ' pounding of hail was ignored . .  as Alcock struggled to regain control.  But in the persuasive grip of strong ' seat of the pants ' feelings '. . he mistakenly followed  his vertigo-induced mental perception . . to falsely believe . . he had somehow ' lucked into ' a just a ordinary power dive.                                                        He seriously reduced both engines' RPMs and ,  So the out-of-control Vimy plummeted less rapidly . . but it soon dove  lower than one thousand  feet above sea level.     He was dead wrong. The pilot's brain was inside the clenched fist of a ' deadman's spiral . . a nasty kind of a diving turn within the night ' goop.' 
Seconds later, a startled Alcock eyes snapped wide open at the ocean's reflected black horizontal surface . . impossibly appearing . . as a  s-t-u-p-I-f-y-I-n-g . .
DOWN AND UP . . V-E-R-T-I-C-A-L   L-I-N-E  . not just the routine horizontal line  !
  D-=E=A=-D    M=-A=N'  S    S=-P=-I-=R-=A=-L  !
                                                                                                           
     With a quick intuitive non-stupified reflexes, Alcock muscled the bi-plane's quadruple wings back to level flight . .  while simultaneous-ly ramming both throttles to Vimy's firewalls.   After not ' auguring ' into the ocean swells . . Alcock's next surprising mind focus was : " That . . salty taste on my tongue . . has got to be . . ' white cap foam.'
  On the other hand, Brown's mind was whipping around angrily : " I kept thinking about how horrifically wrong that ignorant and stup-idly wrong weather meteorologist had been.                                                                                                         The incompetent bloke had even failed to perceive . . the heavy snowstorm the Vimy was now about to ' poke their nose ' into.  As well as their recent nasty gift surprise . . of  night ' goop . . then their not quite smacking down into a middle Atlantic's white-tipped . . night
cross-hatch of swells. Now . . a third nasty gift from the clouds.
  Frost-colored rime ice began piling up on the Vimy's wings . . on its fuselage . . its landing gear . . struts . . and tail empennage.  With seeming black magic . . ice began redesigning the engines unprotected carburetor air intakes.  Also the ice began melding
the tail ' hinges to with the adjoining elevators.  While melding the Vimy's vertical tail fin hinges to its [ incredibly important ] rudder.    To get any movement whatsoever from their ' iced up ' rudder . . Alcock needed full strength of both feet to simultaneously shove on one rudder pedal . . then the other one.  Unless both flyers quickly energized to make drastic additional . . as the hinged controls were now  locking in place ' by the accum-ulating coats of rime ice . Rime ice continued ' downsizing ' the vital carburetor air intakes . . and BOTH engines . . ' running crudely ROUGH.'
  Unnoticed snow began packed into their cockpit . . as both men crouched behind the Vimy's windscreens.  As a vivid new realizat-
tion began dominating their thoughts :
' If they chose to stay alive . . both needed to intensely  plan and struggle much harder . . or they were going . . to die . . like a couple helpless . . freezing ' puppies !
 Navigator Brown's realization of their approaching death became stark . . as both engines suffocated . . and what would happen next.
 He knelt on his seat, carefully removed his goggles and secured them. Then he raised up and carefully leaned out the cockpit to more specifically observe each engine nacelle's worsening ice load.                                                         
In addition to slowing them down . . the rime ice was now frighteningly covering over both engines' . . hyper-critical engine air intakes.   Then, as far as Brown was concerned, their only way to avoid being forced to ditch in the middle of a frigid sea, was for him to climb out on each ice-laden wing - right now  - and make personal ' one-on-one ' visits to each engine.  He grabbed up his heavy knife . . held it tight . . raised his war uninjured leg over the cockpit edge . . placed  each boot sole . . precise-ly in front of the nearest vertical wing strut . . at the attachment point on the rime ice-covered wing.
 In alarmed disbelief . . not knowing the urgency of his navigator's behavior . .  Alcock reached over and seized Brown . .  attempting to hold him in the cockpit.
     Brown violently jerked away . . then wriggled his way out on to the struts and flying wires . . as he carefully clasping his heavy work knife.      Out in the freezing near 100 mph slipstream . . Brown was impaired by a leg not yet healed from his war wounds . . he carefully moved from strut to strut - and flying wire to flying wire. With great care, he ' chopped away ' at the ice accumulated ' round each engine's carburetor air intake ' mouth. Carefully squirming around,  Brown then cautiously ' chip clean ' the rime ice closing up the fuel inspection window. As the prop wash and slip stream tugged incredibly hard . . a bitterly cold slip stream . . ' sneaked ' in . . to nibble at the navigator's newly exposed body flesh.
  Brown completed the urgent mission to each engine . . then carefully wormed his way back into his open cockpit.  But . . soon it was again time to wrestle himself and incredibly precious blade back out into the . . ' wild ' surfaces . . out on the Vimy's ice covered wings. Alcock had more than enough to do . . himself . . just to smoothly fly the open cockpit biplane with his ' velvet glove ' finger tips.                                                    
 One clumsy stick movement on his part . . Brown's life would be snuffed . .  to  become flotsam and jetsam on the open Atlantic.    But Alcock also realized : " . . his own life would soon be snatched away . . soon after his partner was flipped off."
 Not one of his extremely careful boot sole placements on the iced wing's surfaces  . .  nor one thoughtless grip of Brown's numbed fingers . was free from risk.   
    But with  a fierce desire to live, Brown repeated his personal acrobatics . . wrestling the biplane's . . struts . . flying wires . . against
the fiercely cold slipstream. Four ( 4 ) ' bloody ' times.
                                                   
In the pre-dawn light, the Vimy's elevator and rudder controls were  only moving within the limited arc of the ' ice vice.' While cruising at 11,800 feet, the Vimy temporarily broke out and cruised on top of the clouds, as a cold sun shone directly their faces.   Brown made a ' sun shot ' and after double-checking his calculations, he determined their position was ' roughly ' okay.  And if he was ' kind of right ' . . they might have landfall in maybe ' half an hour. '  But  he had no idea . . what point on England's coastline they would cross.  It had become obvious, they were compelled to descend into warmer air to preventing further ice accumulation of additional ice . . unreachable with Brown's personal acrobatics.  
 As they were going down, Alcock kept his eyes glued to the unwinding altimeter. While continually cross-checking and reacting to numbers ' jostling around ' in the fluid compass. Then, while easing down through 3,200 feet, Alcock clearly heard Brown's joyfully . . and loudly shout :
  " The RIME ICE . . IS BREAKIN '  UP . .
  H-E-Y . . . IT'S . .M-E-L-T-I-N-G ! "
    The Vimy broke out of the warmer cloud layer over a rough-surfaced ocean.  And within minutes, the triumphant flyers sighted land.   For the next few minutes, both were too excited to be aware of their seats in the Vimy were brimming over . . with melted snow.From one of his maps, Brown recognized a landmark . . next to an identifiable town.  Alcock circled the town searching for a place to land . . on an outlying meadow . . then turned toward a promisingly spot . . near the town's radio station. 
 The Vimy's  engine noise sent workers running outside . . where they leapt 'round in a high level of astonished excitement.  while others became like statues . . stupefied with shock. Then all of them audienced aviation history . . as Alcock glided the Vimy down toward an innocent- appearing green ' meadow ' nearby.Alarmed . . on-lookers waved their arms . . jumped up and down . . shouting unheard words :                                                   
" NO !  DON'T  DO  THAT !STOP ! "
  For beneath the deceptively smooth surface . . was a boggy marsh. 
 Alcock thought the people were waving a them welcome . . instead . . of a warning. 
So he plunked the Vimy down into the bog . . where it ploughed a short four- track furrow . . before burying its nose . . ingloriously upending . . angled steeply down . . tail wheel pointing skyward . . in the slime of a greenish bog.   
  
     But the World's first Atlantic air mail letters and small packages . . did not get soaked . . the now precious treasures were not even muddied up.  And the grinning aviators . . were just fatigued and wet.  Alive  . .  and uninjured.
 After 1,890 miles and 15 hours 57 minutes, two authentic aviation heroes . . were momentarily hanging forward from their seat belts . . looking like two weather-beaten disheveled dolls.
 After unhooking themselves from hanging face down . . then out to clean up . . pull on crumpled white shirts . . tie on neckties . . downing maybe a pint or three of ale . . they allowed pictures  to be snapped and answered fast-worded questions from . . pushingand shoving ' paparazzi ' [ the bigger heavier reporters won.]                                                     
    
  News of their adventure spread like burning wildfire. The two aviators received a justifiable heroes' welcome in London. A young Winston Churchill himself presented Alcock and Brown with their £10,000 Atlantic crossing prize. The two were knighted during large ceremony . . by Great Britain's King and Queen.
Afterward, Sir Brown headed out on a honeymoon.  While Sir Alcock accepted a job flight testing a new amphibian aircraft.
   One of Alcock's duties was to deliver new amphibian aircraft.   And one putrid day Alcock should have postponed a ferry flight to France.   He was considered by many as the finest aircraft pilot in the World.  And his ego perhaps insisted he was able to ' winkle around any kind of weather. '  But of course . . make it through.                                                                                                  
Low clouds, poor visibility, rain and strong winds threatened any successful aircraft delivery to Paris . Others were reluctant to go along with him.  So he choose to fly solo . .  jumped in the brand new amphibian airplane . . headed for the English Channel. After reaching the Normandy coast . . he chose to fly close above France's trees. Then 40 miles further along . . something bad happened. A French farmer working his fields . . witnessed Alcock's new amphibian aircraft falter sideways . . then smack into the ground.  The farmer reported : " I looked up and saw a plane become unsteady - make big sideways sway . . then fall. 
I ran over to the crash and  found the pilot in a  banged up terrible mess and unconscious."                                                                                                                           
    Alcock was carried to a farmhouse, as someone ran to flag down a truck on a nearby dirt  road. But no trucks.   But eventually contact was made with the hospital and doctors made it to the farm house. They were too late. And after having been administered final rites by a local priest, Alcock made his final flight departure.Many years later . . as an old-ish man . . Sir Brown died in bed.    
Source : Abridged . . from Aviation History On-Line Museum archives.
 
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