Saturday, May 5, 2018

Fw: TheList 4711

The List 4711


To All
I hope that your week has started well.
Regards,
Skip
This Day In Naval History – May 1, 2018
May 1
1811—The American brig Spitfire is stopped by the British frigate Guerriere off Sandy Hook, NY, and American Sailors are taken aboard. On May 6, the frigate President, commanded by John Rodgers, was ordered to protect American shipping off Sandy Hook.
1822—60 men from USS Alligator, USS Grampus, and the chartered ship Jane, capture four pirate schooners near Sugar Key, West Indies.
1898—The American squadron, commanded by Commodore George Dewey, defeats the Spanish squadron under the command of Rear Adm. Montojo at Manila Bay, Philippines.
1934—Lt. Frank Akers makes a hooded landing in an OJ-2 at College Park, MD, in the first blind landing system intended for an aircraft carrier.
1943—USS Pogy (SS 266), in an attack on a Japanese convoy, torpedoes and sinks the Japanese gunboat Keishin Maru off Iwaki, Japan.
1945—Patrol bomber aircraft from VPB 11 and FAW-1 sink Japanese cargo vessel Kyugkoku Maru off Mokpo, Korea.
1945 - VADM Barbey lands Australian troops on Tarakan Island, Borneo, supported by naval gunfire
1951—During the Korean War, AD-4 Skyraiders from USS Princeton (CV 37), attack Hwachon Dam using aerial torpedoes, the only use of these weapons during the Korean War.
1980 - 11 Navy ships begin operations assisting Coast Guard in rescuing Cuban refugees fleeing Cuba in overcrowded boats
 
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
Top national headlines include coverage of the U.S. extending tariff relief to allies, Israel's reveal yesterday of documentation yesterday regarding the international nuclear deal with Iran, and North Korean summit preparation. According to data released by the Pentagon on Monday, reports of sexual assaults rose by 10 percent in 2017 reports the New York Times. Pentagon officials attempted to portray the increase as being reflective of increased trust in commanders and the military's judicial system. Navy Times reports that the HASC included a provision in their latest mark-up of the FY 19 National Defense Authorization Act that would allow the Navy to promote officers with critically important cyber skills directly to the O-6 paygrade, allowing compensation more competitive with the rest of the government and private sector. Additionally, Military.com reports that a hearing date has been set for the former commanding officer of the USS Fitzgerald.
 
Today in History  May 1
408
Theodosius II succeeds to the throne of Constantinople.
1308
King Albert is murdered by his nephew John, because he refused his share of the Habsburg lands.
1486
Christopher Columbus convinces Queen Isabella to fund expedition to the West Indies.
1805
The state of Virginia passes a law requiring all freed slaves to leave the state, or risk either imprisonment or deportation.
1863
The Battle of Chancellorsville begins as Union Gen. Joe Hooker starts his three-pronged attack against Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee.
1867
Reconstruction in the South begins with black voter registration.
1877
President Rutherford B. Hayes withdraws all Federal troops from the South, ending Reconstruction.
1898
1915
The luxury liner Lusitania leaves New York Harbor for a voyage to Europe.
1927
Adolf Hitler holds his first Nazi meeting in Berlin.
1931
The Empire State Building opens in New York.
1934
The Philippine legislature accepts a U.S. proposal for independence.
1937
President Franklin Roosevelt signs an act of neutrality, keeping the United States out of World War II.
1941
The film Citizen Kane--directed and starring Orson Welles--opens in New York.
1944
The Messerschmitt Me 262, the first combat jet, makes its first flight.
1945
Martin Bormann, private secretary to Adolf Hitler, escapes the Fuehrerbunker as the Red Army advances on Berlin.
1948
North Korea is established.
1950
Gwendolyn Brooks becomes the first African American to win the Pulitzer Prize for her book of poetry called Annie Allen.
1960
Francis Gary Powers' U-2 spy plane is shot down over Russia.
1961
Fidel Castro announces there will be no more elections in Cuba.
1968
In the second day of battle, U.S. Marines, with the support of naval fire, continue their attack on a North Vietnamese Division at Dai Do.
1970
Students from Kent State University riot in downtown Kent, Ohio, in protest of the American invasion of Cambodia.
1986
The Tass News Agency reports the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident.
2011
Osama Bin Laden is killed in Abbottabad Pakistan by US Navy SEALS in Operation Neptune Spear.
 
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30 April 1975   Many call this the Day of Sorrow – many call it, also, the Day of Betrayal –
From the net, with a small addition -
Thanks to Dutch
The fall of Saigon happened 30 April 1975, two years AFTER the American military left Vietnam. The last American troops departed in their entirety 29 March 1973. How could we lose a war we had already stopped fighting? We fought to an agreed stalemate. The peace settlement was signed in Paris on 27 January 1973. It called for release of all U.S. prisoners, withdrawal of U.S. forces, limitation of both sides' forces inside South Vietnam and a commitment to peaceful reunification. The 140,000 evacuees in April 1975 during the fall of Saigon consisted almost entirely of civilians and Vietnamese military, NOT American military running for their lives. There were almost twice as many casualties in Southeast Asia (primarily Cambodia) the first two years after the fall of Saigon in 1975 than there were during the ten years the U.S. was involved in Vietnam. Thanks for the perceived loss and the countless assassinations and torture visited upon Vietnamese, Laotians, and Cambodians goes mainly to the American media and their undying support-by-misrepresentation of the anti-War movement in the United States. As with much of the Vietnam War, the news media – especially Walter Cronkite -  misreported and misinterpreted the 1968 Tet Offensive. It was reported as an overwhelming success for the Communist forces and a decided defeat for the U.S. forces. Nothing could be further from the truth. Despite initial victories by the Communists forces, the Tet Offensive resulted in a major defeat of those forces. General Vo Nguyen Giap, the designer of the Tet Offensive, is considered by some as ranking with Wellington, Grant, Lee and MacArthur as a great commander. Still, militarily, the Tet Offensive was a total defeat of the Communist forces on all fronts. It resulted in the death of some 45,000 NVA troops and the complete, if not total destruction of the Viet Cong elements in South Vietnam. The Organization of the Viet Cong Units in the South never recovered. The Tet Offensive succeeded on only one front and that was the News front and the political arena. This was another example in the Vietnam War of an inaccuracy becoming the perceived truth. However, inaccurately reported, the News Media made the Tet Offensive famous.
 
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With our thanks to THE Bear at http://www.rollingthunderremembered.com/
 
ROLLING THUNDER REMEMBERED… A FOREWORD FOR THE MONTH OF MAY 1968: "WHAT'S HAPPENING ON THE HOME FRONT?"…
May 1, 2018   Bear Taylor  
RIPPLE SALVO… #787… "MAY: PASSIONS RISING" is the title hung on Chapter Six of Jules Witcover's THE YEAR THE DREAM DIED Homeland headlines for the month: MAY 1: Treasury sells two securities at 6 percent interest, lowest in 48 years; MAY 2 The Odd Couple starring Jack Lemmon and Walter Matthau opens; Boston Celtics beat Los Angeles Lakers for NBA title; MAY 3: 85 killed in Braniff Electra crash in Texas storm; MAY 6: William Styron wins Pulitzer prize for The Confessions of Nate Turner; James Michener's Iberia, Norman Mailer's The Armies of the Night get published; MAY 7: former U.S. Open, Masters golf champion Craig Wood dies at 66: MAY 9: cartoonist Harold Gray (Little Orphan Annie), 74, dies; MAY 14: Rear Admiral Husband E. Kimmel, 86, removed as commander of U.S. Pacific Fleet after attack on Pearl Harbor, dies; MAY 16: AFL-CIO throws out United Auto Workers in internal dispute; 22 killed in Mississippi Valley tornadoes; MAY 18: Forward Pass wins Preakness (was #2 in Kentucky Derby); MAY 19: Emmy Awards to Mission; Impossible, Rowan  and Martin's Laugh-in, Bill Cosby, Don Adams, Lucille Ball; Wayne Zahn of Atlanta sets world bowling record of 4,043 pins in 18 games; MAY 20: Supreme Court upholds equal treatment under the law for illegitimate children; MAY 21: CBS News airs Hunger in America; MAY 22: plane crash kills 23 on flight from Disneyland to Los Angeles; 27 MAY: San Diego and Montreal awarded National League baseball franchises."…
MEANWHILE, THE VIETNAM WAR RACKED UP ANOTHER 536 AMERICAN WARRIORS, KILLED IN ACTION IN THE MONTH OF MAY 1968… 12,543 ENEMY WERE KILLED… and the effort to bow out of the war with honor continued with a significant development in May 1968… (from Clark Clifford's autobiography Counsel To The President)…
CLARK CLIFFORD, SECRETARY OF DEFENSE: "As we prepared for the negotiations with North Vietnam, we could not ignore the upheaval taking place outside and the growing sense of social and political crisis. On April 23, a student uprising at Columbia University began a new cycle of violence on the campuses of America which would spread overseas, to France and other parts of Europe.
"Meanwhile, for close to a month the dance went on over where the peace talks would take place. A grand total of fifteen cities–as well as an Indonesian ship, the most invective and, from the point of view of comfort, least attractive proposal–were eventually thrown into the discussion. But we deliberately kept one obvious choice, Paris, a city with which the Vietnamese were very familiar from their days as a French colony, off the list, hoping that if we did not suggest it, Hanoi eventually would. Our plan worked: after a month of sterile exchanges, on May 3 they offered to meet us in Paris a week later. The next morning, after middle-of-the-night telephone discussions between the President, Rusk, Rostow, and me, President Johnson went before the television cameras to announced the agreement.
"As soon as a date and site had been selected, I noticed an unmistakable hardening of Rusk and Rostow's position on the negotiations themselves. On May 6, I remarked to my colleagues … that I feared those closest to the President were turning against any compromise with Hanoi"…    the "Foreword to May 1968" continues below, but first…   May 1 ….
 
 
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Thanks to Dutch
SOUTHWEST TURBOFAN FAILURE
Thanks to Gary, Lurch and others -
 
Interesting take.
I wouldn't have imagined that the thrust, generated by a window loss, could produce a loss of control.
 
 
ALLEN FUHS IS A RETIRED DISTINGUISHED PROFESSOR IN AERONAUTICS FROM THE NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL IN MONTEREY.
 
 
From:
Subject: SOUTHWEST TURBOFAN FAILURE
 
Hello Mr. Editor
 
You may want to consult with your Editor for publishing this rather lengthy commentary.
 
Allen Fuhs
 
Southwest Airlines Turbofan Failure
 
After the in-flight failure of the fan blade on the Southwest B737, the TV Networks hauled out their Science Expert to explain what happened. These experts know something about anything. Note that TNT explodes, methane-air mixtures explode, nuclear weapons explode, but turbofans do not explode. Turbofans can experience severe mechanical disintegration. The Experts missed three relevant stories: two technical and one human interest.
 
After WW II the UK was in the forefront of jet engine technology and produced the first Comet passenger jet in early 1950's. They were poised to become the dominant producers of jet aircraft; however, infrequently but randomly a Comet would pop a window at high altitude. Explosive decompression of the cabin occurred with loss of aircraft, crew, and passengers. While the Comets were grounded for redesign, Boeing developed the larger and highly successful B707. The Comet sales never recovered, and Boeing dominated the market for the next three or four decades.
 
The second technical story is that when decompression occurs due to window failure, the aircraft becomes a "rocket in the sky". The cabins are pressurized and the hole from the missing-window allows air to violently flow outward. In many cases, the pressure differential is sufficient for the air to be sonic at the hole. This high velocity jet of air generates a thrust. An estimate of the thrust is 10,000 Newtons which could be sufficient to cause total loss of aircraft control. An important factor is the location of the window relative to the aircraft center of mass. For the Southwest case, the thrust vector almost went through the CM.
 
The human interest story is the fact the lady who was partially sucked out the window may have saved the lives of everyone on board. This results from the fact that the "rocket in the sky" could not develop full thrust due to her blockage of the window hole. Full thrust might have provided that last little increment of yaw to exceed full rudder yaw moment. The aircraft would have entered a flat spin or some other non-recoverable maneuver. Later, the National Transportation Review Board may provide more details.
 
Allen Fuhs
Carmel
 
 
 
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U.S. Confirms Authenticity of Secret Iran Nuclear Docs, Officials See Game Over for Deal
Trump administration officials praise Netanyahu's 'powerful presentation'
Benjamin Netanyahu delivers a speech on Iran's nuclear program / Getty Images
 
 
 
 
 
 
BY: Adam Kredo
April 30, 2018 3:33 pm
U.S. officials and congressional insiders view the disclosure Monday by Israel of Iran's ongoing efforts to develop a nuclear weapon as game over for the landmark nuclear deal, telling the Washington Free Beacon that new evidence of Iran's top secret nuclear workings makes it virtually impossible for President Donald Trump to remain in the agreement.
Senior Trump administration officials confirmed the findings as authentic and praised Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's for disclosing thousands of secret documents proving Iran lied about its past work on a nuclear warhead, telling the Free Beacon the revelation was a "powerful presentation" by Israel outlining why the Iran deal must be fixed or killed.
U.S. officials who reviewed the secret documents confirmed their authenticity and said that Israel has shared the information fully with the United States, most likely to help build the case for Trump to abandon the nuclear deal, rather than try to fix what the White House views as a series of insurmountable flaws.
A State Department official confirmed to the Free Beacon Monday evening that it is "aware of the information just released" by Israel and is "examining it carefully."
"The United States has reviewed many of the documents Israel has obtained relating to Iran's nuclear weapons program," an official confirmed to the Free Beacon. "We assess that the documents that we have reviewed are authentic."
The State Department further confirmed that "new details in this information are consistent with a large body of evidence and intelligence the U.S. government has amassed over many years on Iran's past clandestine nuclear weapons program," according to the official.
While the administration's analysis of the document cache is "ongoing," officials said they "agree with the Israelis that…. this information provides new and compelling details about Iran's past efforts to develop nuclear weapons deliverable by a Shahab-3 ballistic missile."
In addition, the new "information indicates plans for Iran's nuclear weapons program included building five nuclear weapons," the official said. "It demonstrates once again that Iranian leaders have for years lied to the world and their own citizens when they claim Iran has never pursued nuclear weapons."
The documents confirm a longstanding U.S. suspicion that "Iran has systematically hid evidence of clandestine weapons work from international inspectors," according to the State Department official.
"If there was ever any doubt, every struggling Iranian citizen must now realize that Iran has lost countless dollars from nuclear sanctions for one reason, and one reason alone: the Iranian regime's reckless pursuit of nuclear weapons, weapons that Supreme Leader Khamenei personally insists are un-Islamic," the official said. "It is long past time for Iran to come clean and cooperate with international inspections into its past weapons work in order to convince the world it is serious about never again pursuing nuclear weapons."
Iran's efforts to obfuscate this information will "be a key factor" in Trump's decision on either stay in or withdraw from the nuclear deal on May 12, the official said.
Multiple sources who spoke to the Free Beacon say that Monday's presentation by Netanyahu resulted from a recent conversation between the prime minister and Trump, who has expressed his opposition to remaining in the deal.
During his presentation, Netanyahu disclosed that Israel had obtained some 100,000 secret documents that provide "conclusive proof" Iran lied to the world about its past nuclear work. The Israeli leader further presented information from these documents purporting to show that Iran continues to build on its nuclear know-how in pursuit of a fully functioning weapon.
While Trump has not made a final decision on whether to scrap the deal, sources close to the president say he is increasingly wary of the deal itself, as well as proposed fixes to the deal currently being discussed by the Europeans.
One senior administration official, speaking only on background, confirmed to the Free Beacon that the United States assessed the secret documents obtained by Israel to be fully authentic.
"All the materials we have reviewed are in our assessment authentic," the official said, praising Netanyahu for presenting the evidence to the world.
"Prime Minister Netanyahu gave a powerful presentation today of compelling new evidence documenting Iran's determined pursuit of a nuclear weapon," the senior official said. "It certainly would have been helpful to have this information when the JCPOA [Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action] was negotiated but the Iranians decided to lock it away in a secret vault for future reference."
The cache of documents showing that Iran has retained the infrastructure and know-how to produce a nuclear weapon has cast further doubts on U.S. efforts to broker a series of fixes to the landmark agreement.
"Only the regime knows what else they're hiding, but the revelations today don't give us much confidence in their protestations that they have never had interest in militarizing their nuclear program," the official said. "They're showing us in Syria how they plan to deploy their existing arsenal—we would be foolish to think that behavior is going to change because of a deal that was implemented two years ago that was based on a lie."
Following Netanyahu's remarks, Trump emphasized his opposition to the deal.
Those familiar with the president's thinking said that he has soured on efforts to fix the deal and would prefer to see a wholly new agreement, a demand Iran has rejected in recent days.
Trump "made a clear signal today that he's not confident in the JCPOA," said the senior administration official. "The decision is with him and I don't think he's made it, but he seemed to indicate he's more open to a new deal then to try to fix something this broken."
A senior congressional official who has worked closely with the White House on the Iran issue told the Free Beacon the news has sent shockwaves through Capitol Hill.
"Everything the Obama administration told us about the Iranian nuclear program was a lie," said the source, who was not authorized to speak on record. "They assured us that we knew everything about Iran's nuclear weapons program, that it was put on ice, and that the intelligence community had full insight into what was going on."
"Now we find out the Iranians have warehouses of nuclear weapons designs. People are in shock," the source said. "Forget the policy implications, which get to the heart of the deal, this shows how the whole sale was built on a lie. Expect to see momentum build in Congress for just scrapping the whole thing."
"The United States is aware of the information just released by Israel and continues to examine it carefully," the White House said. "This information provides new and compelling details about Iran's efforts to develop missile-deliverable nuclear weapons.  These facts are consistent with what the United States has long known: Iran has a robust, clandestine nuclear weapons program that it has tried and failed to hide from the world and from its own people.  The Iranian regime has shown it will use destructive weapons against its neighbors and others.  Iran must never have nuclear weapons."
The White House National Security Council has yet to comment formally on Netanyahu's disclosures. The Free Beacon will update this report as more information becomes available
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Thanks to the NAVAL HISTORY AND HERITAGE COMMAND WEEKLY REPORT
North, South Korea Agree to End War.
Kim Jong Un, leader of North Korea, and South Korean President Moon Jae-in have announced that the war between the two nations will formally end later this year. Following World War II, the Soviet Union and the United States divided control of the Korean peninsula. On June 25, 1950, North Korea invaded South Korea in an attempt to reunify the two Koreas. Known as the "Forgotten War," fighting continued until July 1953 as peace negotiations began, broke off, and began again. During the war, the prized possession for both countries, Seoul, changed hands several times. The fighting ended when an armistice was signed on July 27, 1953, and the Demilitarized Zone was created to separate the two countries. A peace treaty has never been signed, and moments of hostility have continued over the almost 65 years since the agreement was signed. "We talked about peace and prosperity," Moon said. "A bold decision has been made. Big applause should be given to Kim Jong Un." To learn more, read about this historic event at ABC News. To learn the about the Navy's role in the Korean War, go to NHHC's website.
 
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Item Number:1 Date: 05/01/2018 AFGHANISTAN - U.S. SOLDIER KILLED, ONE WOUNDED IN EASTERN OPS (MAY 01/TN)  TOLONEWS -- One U.S. servicemember has been killed and one wounded in combat operations in eastern Afghanistan, reports the Tolo News (Afghanistan).   An undisclosed number of Afghan security force members were killed and wounded in the operation on Monday, said a commander from the NATO-led Operation Resolute Support.   The wounded U.S. soldier is reportedly in stable condition.   The exact location of the attack and circumstances surrounding it were not immediately made public.   Monday proved a deadly day in Afghanistan. At least 31 people, many of them journalists, were killed in a pair of suicide bombings claimed by the Islamic State terrorist group (ISIS) in Kabul.   In the southern province of Kandahar, 11 students were killed and 16 other people -- including eight Romanian soldiers -- were wounded in a car bombing in Daman district. No group has yet claimed responsibility for that attack.  
  Item Number:2 Date: 05/01/2018 BOTSWANA - FIGHTER CRASH KILLS PILOT DAY BEFORE MILITARY CELEBRATION. (MAY 01/BPA)  BOTSWANA PRESS AGENCY -- A CF-5 fighter jet from the Botswana air force has crashed, killing the pilot, reports the Botswana Press Agency.   The aircraft went down on April 27 during preparations for a festival celebrating the military the following day, said the Botswana Defense Force.   The jet crashed into the Gaborone golf course. There were no reports of additional casualties.   The cause of the crash is being investigated, the BDF said in a statement.   Botswana had nine ex-Canadian CF-5A Freedom Fighter and six CF-5D Tiger II fighters in service prior to the crash, noted South Africa's DefenceWeb.     
  Item Number:3 Date: 05/01/2018 CAMEROON - 3 KILLED IN VIOLENCE IN RESTIVE ANGLOPHONE REGION (MAY 01/ANO)  AFRICA NEWS ONLINE -- At least three people were killed over the weekend in Cameroon's restive Anglophone region, reports Africa News.   On Saturday, two gendarmes were kidnapped in what was believed to be an attack by Anglophone separatists, said local media.   Their bodies were found later that day in the Bali Nyonga area, according to local reports.   There was a noticeable increase in the presence of security personnel after the attack, Equinoxe TV reported.   Also on Saturday, a schoolteacher was shot in the western town of Muyuka by armed men on motorcycles, reported Agence France-Presse. The woman died on her way to the hospital.   Another teacher in the Anglophone region was killed three days earlier in a similar attack.   At least 30 soldiers and police officers have been killed in attacks by separatist groups in the region. English-speakers in northwest and southwest Cameroon say they face discrimination at the hands of the French-speaking majority.  
  Item Number:4 Date: 05/01/2018 CANADA - CP-140 SURVEILLANCE AIRCRAFT HEADED TO JAPAN TO COMBAT N. KOREAN SMUGGLING (MAY 01/OC)  OTTAWA CITIZEN -- The Royal Canadian Air Force has assigned one of its CP-140 maritime patrol aircraft and 40 associated personnel to Kadena, Japan, to support an international coalition to counter illicit trafficking by North Korea, reports the Ottawa Citizen.   The Canadian contingent will join ongoing operations by the U.K. and U.S.   On Saturday, Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull confirmed Australia is sending a P-8 surveillance aircraft to the U.S. airbase in Kadena to help enforce U.N. sanctions against North Korea, reported CBC News.   The additional surveillance platforms will be used to monitor ship-to-ship material transfers, which have been used to evade U.N. sanctions, and identify and hold responsible the parties assisting with the sanctions evasion.    
  Item Number:7 Date: 05/01/2018 IRAN - NETANYAHU REVEALS CAPTURED DOCUMENTS, SAYS TEHRAN LYING ABOUT NUCLEAR PROGRAM (MAY 01/BBC)  BRITISH BROADCASTING CORP. -- Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu says Iran lied about seeking a nuclear weapon during the negotiations that led to the multinational nuclear deal with Tehran, reports the BBC.   In a presentation on Monday, Netanyahu said that Israeli intelligence had obtained documents showing that Iran was secretly pursuing a nuclear weapon while it publicly denied any such ambitions.   Such deception put the fate of the nuclear deal in question, said Netanyahu, who has been a vocal critic of the deal.   U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said the information makes clear that "the Iranian regime was not telling the truth." The deal was "built on lies," he said.   Iran denies seeking a nuclear weapon. On Tuesday, the Iranian government called Netanyahu "an infamous liar."   Some observers have suggested that much of the allegations made by Netanyahu against Iran reveal little in the way of new information. Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif said the documents covered old allegations already resolved by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which has investigated the Iranian nuclear program.   There was no information in Netanyahu's speech suggesting that Iran was not in compliance with the 2015 deal, said European Union foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini.  
  Item Number:9 Date: 05/01/2018 MALI - SUSPECTED JIHADISTS TARGET TUAREGS IN NORTHEAST, KILLING AT LEAST 40 CIVILIANS (MAY 01/GU)  THE GUARDIAN -- Suspected Islamist militants have killed at least 40 Tuareg civilians in separate attacks in northeastern Mali, reports the Guardian (U.K.).   An initial attack on April 26 killed 12 people. A similar attack the following day by gunmen on motorbikes left 31 dead, according to tribal leaders.   Women, children, and elderly individuals were among those reported killed.   The Tuareg have been fighting against jihadist groups in the region, which mostly consist of Fulan peoples. The latest attacks were likely reprisals, said local officials. The Islamic State has been seeking to stoke tensions between the two ethnic groups.   The U.N. peacekeeping mission in Mali (MINUSMA) reported in mid-April that it had received "very serious" information that a coalition of armed groups, including Tuaregs, had summarily executed 95 people during an anti-jihadist operation, reported Agence France-Presse
  Item Number:10 Date: 05/01/2018 NIGERIA - AIRSTRIKES KILL DOZENS OF BOKO HARAM MILITANTS, SAYS AIR FORCE (MAY 01/)  -- The Nigerian air force says it killed scores of Boko Haram militants in airstrikes on terrorist positions in Yuwe in the northeastern Borno State, reports Sahara Reporters (New York City).   An Alpha Jet light attack aircraft and Mi-35 helicopter gunship conducted two waves of attacks on the location on April 28, which was targeted after intelligence reported that Boko Haram had taken refuge in the area.   The air force said that scores of militants were killed, without providing specific casualty figures. Several buildings were destroyed in the attack, the service said
Item Number:11 Date: 05/01/2018 QATAR - DOCUMENTS SHOW PAYMENTS MADE TO IRANIAN-BACKED MILITIAS TO FREE HOSTAGES (MAY 01/WP)  WASHINGTON POST -- Recently revealed documents have shed new light on a key element of Qatar's alleged cooperation with terrorist groups, reports the Washington Post.   The April 28 article was based largely on documents and audio recordings provided by an unnamed foreign government.   The documents confirm a key criticism made against the Qatari government: that it paid at least US$275 million to free 25 Qatari citizens kidnapped by an Iraqi militia in late 2015.   Internal communications obtained by the newspaper show that Qatari diplomatic officials complained that foreign governments and militias were exploiting ongoing hostage negotiations, with the talks turning into a "group shakedown," according to one Qatari official.   In addition to payments to the captors, at least US$150 million was paid to intermediaries, including the leader of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps and Kata'ib Hezbollah, an Iraqi militia tied to Iran, the documents show.   Shortly after the payments were made, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and three other Arab countries cut ties with Qatar. The Arab countries have used the payments to justify their stance, arguing that the affair was a smokescreen to cover payments made to primarily Shi'ite militias
Item Number:12 Date: 05/01/2018 SOUTH KOREA - DEFENSE MINISTER AGREES TO MORE SECURITY, INDUSTRY COOPERATION WITH PHILIPPINES (MAY 01/YON)  YONHAP -- South Korean Defense Minister Song Young Moo hosted his Philippine counterpart in Seoul on Monday for talks, reports the Yonhap news agency (Seoul).   Song and Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana agreed to advance bilateral security and defense industry cooperation, said a statement from the South Korean Ministry of National Defense.   The South Korean minister also briefed his counterpart on last week's inter-Korean summit and asked for the Philippine government's support for the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula. Lorenzana indicated Manila's backing for Seoul's efforts.   The ministers also vowed to boost arms development cooperation.   Lorenzana is in South Korea this week for the steel-cutting ceremony for two frigates being built by Hyundai Heavy Industries. The Philippine navy approved the critical design review for the warships in early April, reported GMA News (Philippines) at the time.   Prior to ordering the two frigates last year, Manila also purchased 12 FA-50 light attack aircraft from Seoul
 
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