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Saturday, May 5, 2018

TheList 4710

The List 4710


To All
I hope that you all had a great weekend. This is a bubba Breakfast Friday in San Diego.
Regards,
Skip
This Day In Naval History – April 30, 2018
April 30
1798—Congress establishes the Department of the Navy as a separate cabinet department. Previously, naval matters were under the cognizance of the War Department. Benjamin Stoddert is named as the first Secretary of the Navy.
1822—USS Alligator, commanded by Lt. W.W. McKean, captures the Colombian pirate schooner Ciehqua near the Windward Islands.
1944—USS Bang (SS 385) attacks a convoy engaged the previous night and sinks the Japanese merchant tanker Nittatsu Maru off the northwest of Luzon.  Also on this date, USS Flasher (SS 249) sinks the Vichy French gunboat Tahure in the South China Sea off Cape Varella, French Indochina. 
1945—Navy patrol bombers PB4Y (VPB 103) and a PBY-5A "Catalina" aircraft flown by Lt. Fredrick G. Lake from VP 63 sink two German submarines off the coast of Brest, France.
1945—USS Thomas (DE 102), USS Bostwick (DE 103), USS Coffman (DE 191) and frigate Natchez (PF 2) sink German submarine U 548 off the Virginia Capes.
1975 - Saigon falls to North Vietnamese forces
2005—USS Robert G. Bradley (FFG 49) conducts its second significant drug interdiction operation in the first month of its deployment to the U.S. Naval Forces Southern Command area of responsibility, disrupting the smuggling of 4.6 metric tons of narcotics from the fishing vessel Salomon.
 
 
April 30
313
Licinius unifies the whole of the eastern Roman Empire under his own rule.
1250
King Louis IX of France is ransomed.
1527
Henry VIII of England and King Francis of France sign the Treaty of Westminster.
1563
All Jews are expelled from France by order of Charles VI.
1725
Spain withdraws from the Quadruple Alliance.
1789
George Washington is inaugurated as the first U.S. president.
1803
The United States doubles in size through the Louisiana Purchase, which was sold by France for $15 million.
1812
Louisiana is admitted into the Union as a state.
1849
Giuseppe Garibaldi, the Italian patriot and guerrilla leader, repulses a French attack on Rome.
1864
Work begins on the Dams along the Red River, which will allow Union General Nathaniel Banks' troops to sail over the rapids above Alexandria, Louisiana.
1930
The Soviet Union proposes a military alliance with France and Great Britain.
1931
The George Washington Bridge, linking New York City and New Jersey, opens.
1943
The British submarine HMS Seraph drops 'the man who never was,' a dead man the British planted with false invasion plans, into the Mediterranean off the coast of Spain.
1945
Adolf Hitler commits suicide in his bunker. Karl Donitz becomes his successor.
1968
U.S. Marines attack a division of North Vietnamese troops in the village of Dai Do.
1970
U.S. troops invade Cambodia to disrupt North Vietnamese Army base areas.
1972
The North Vietnamese launch an invasion of the South.
1973
President Richard Nixon announces the resignation of Harry Robbins Haldeman, John Ehrlichman, and other top aides.
1975
North Vietnamese troops enter the Independence Palace of South Vietnam in Saigon ending the Vietnam War.
1980
Terrorists seize the Iranian Embassy in London.
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
Top national headlines included T-Mobile's announcement of a merger with Sprint, as well as backlash over comedian Michelle Wolf's performance at the annual White House Correspondents Dinner. The New York Times reports that Kim Jong-un told South Korean President Moon Jae-in that North Korea would abandon its nuclear weapons if the U.S. agreed to formally end the Korean War and promise not to invade. Kim Jong-un also said he would invite experts and journalists to watch next month's shutdown of North Korea's only known underground nuclear test site. The Washington Times profiles the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center, DoD's vehicle to ensure a U.S edge over adversaries in AI. Additionally, two suicide bombers killed at least 21 people on Monday near Afghanistan's National Directorate of Intelligence.
 
 
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Berlin Airlift: When American power was unstoppable
66th anniversary marks saving of German city from Soviet strangulation
By Thomas V. DiBacco
West Berlin children at Tempelhof Airport watch fleets of U.S. airplanes
In this era of increasing diplomatic friction with Russia over Ukraine, it would be well to remember that April 30 marks the 66th anniversary of the first, and most unbelievable, successes of American and Western foreign policy marking the beginning of the Cold War.
That was the first sign on April 30, 1949, that the Soviet Union started to ease its Berlin blockade of Western power access to the city by permitting limited canal traffic. A formal agreement ending the blockade came on May 4. It had been a 328-day siege, coming to an end thanks to the massive airlifting of supplies to the beleaguered city.
After World War II, Germany was divided into four temporary zones occupied by the United States, Great Britain, France and Soviet Union. Berlin was located 100 miles inside the eastern-located Soviet zone, and it, too, was divided into four zones, but essentially two as a result of Western powers merging their boundaries, a situation that also mirrored the larger geographical zones. Postwar agreements looked forward to a unified Germany, and Western powers initiated, first in 1947, an economic-aid program named after Secretary of State George Marshall and second in 1948, currency reform that would stabilize Germany's almost worthless existing monetary system.
The Soviets balked at both notions. Recognizing that West Berlin could produce only about a quarter of its food needs and even less of its energy requirements, they began on June 24, 1948, to block all rail, road and canal access from the west. The goal, of course, was to gain total control of the city because the Western powers, it was thought, would give up under such total blockage — or risk war. That was unlikely, given that the latter had only 22,600 troops in their Berlin section. The Soviets in their zone, on the other hand, numbered 1.5 million soldiers. Worse, at the start of the Soviet blockade, West Berliners had only 36 days of food supplies and 45 days of coal.
Gen. Lucius D. Clay, head of the U.S. Occupation Zone, set forth both the dilemma and solution: "There is no practicability in maintaining our position in Berlin, and it must not be evaluated on that basis. We are convinced that our remaining in Berlin is essential to our prestige in Germany and in Europe. Whether for good or bad, it has become a symbol of the American intent."
Hence began the largest military-diplomatic relief effort in history, as impressive as the D-Day invasion in terms of its boldness and tenacity. Operation Vittles, as the airlift was dubbed by Americans, was meticulous in terms of its planning, calculations and results. Some 1,990 calories for each of the 2.2 million West Berliners were set as the minimum daily requirement, necessitating 1,534 tons per day in food and 3,475 tons of coal and gasoline for fuel and electricity. Although Soviet fighters boasted that they would challenge the airlift, the threat was hollow. Some 400 Western-supplied cargo planes — flying stacked above each other in a 20-mile wide air corridor — arrived every three minutes at first two, then three airfields in West Berlin. On Saturday, April 16, 1949, a day before the end of Lent, a record 1,398 planes landed in what was called the Easter Parade, averaging one every 61.8 seconds.
The daily food supplies varied from 640 tons of flour to 109 tons of meat and fish, from 19 tons of powdered milk to five tons of whole milk for children, the latter dubbing the planes "candy bombers" because of their always dependable supply of sweets.
And not only were supplies brought in, but manufactured goods made by West Berliners filled returning planes. Some 175,000 ill West Berliners, including young children, were also airlifted out during the period as a result of a severe winter. The total statistical accomplishments were breathtaking: From June 24, 1948, to May 12, 1949, when the Soviets capitulated and opened up all routes to the city, more than 278,000 flights had taken off, and 1,592,787 tons of supplies had been airlifted, equal to about 1,000 pounds per West Berliner. To make certain that sufficient surpluses were built up for West Berliners, air deliveries continued until Sept. 30, 1949. To be sure, there were losses during the airlift period. Seventeen American and eight British aircraft had crashed, with 70 resulting deaths. The pilots represented not only traditional occupation-zone powers, but also Australians, New Zealanders and South Africans.
As for Americans at home, the era of the airlift was no picnic. A railroad strike, demobilization problems, short supplies, and high prices made for public unrest. Still, a national poll on Sept. 15, 1948, indicated that 85 percent backed the airlift policy, with only 7 percent opposed and 8 percent undecided.
Thomas V. DiBacco is professor emeritus at American University.
 
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There are only nine questions.
 
This is a quiz for people who know everything!
I found out in a hurry that I didn't. These are not trick questions.
They are straight questions with straight answers..
 
1. Name the one sport in which neither the spectators nor the participants know the score or the leader until the contest ends.
 
2. What famous North American landmark is constantly moving backward?
 
3 Of all vegetables, only two can live to produce on their own for several growing seasons. All other vegetables must be replanted every year. What are the only two perennial vegetables?
 
4. What fruit has its seeds on the outside?
 
5. In many liquor stores, you can buy pear brandy, with a real pear inside the bottle. The pear is whole and ripe, and the bottle is genuine; it hasn't been cut in any way. How did the pear get inside the bottle?
 
6. Only three words in standard English begin with the letters ' dw' and they are all common words. Name two of them.
 
7. There are 14 punctuation marks in English grammar. Can you name at least half of them?
 
8. Name the only vegetable or fruit that is never sold frozen, canned, processed, cooked, or in any other form except fresh.
 
9. Name 6 or more things that you can wear on your feet beginning with the letter 'S.'
 
See answers at the end of the List
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By Ray Starmann
The Long Gray Line is dying before your very eyes. It is being murdered by Obama holdouts, diversity champions, politically correct Marxist professors and feminist nuts.
The United States Military Academy is sinking into the Hudson and General MacArthur's million ghosts in olive drab, in brown khaki, in blue and gray, can rise from their white crosses thundering those magic words: DutyHonor, Country from now until forever.
No one at the Point is listening anymore…
The enemy is not at the gates of West Point. The enemy is inside and burning the institution down.
Today, I learned that it's Denim Day at West Point. Yes, that's right! It's another day in Obama's military, which is continuing to fester like a bad case of PC Herpes in Trump's military, which is turning out to be no different than the nightmare we experienced from 2008-2016. It's like a continual re-looping of Nightmare on Pentagon Street.
According to West Point's official Facebook page, It's #DenimDay at #USMA! Today's uniform choice is part of an international effort to raise awareness of and prevent future sexual assault and harassment. Cadets, staff and faculty alike wore jeans to show commitment to ending sexual assault and harassment. For more info on Denim Day visit: http://denimdayinfo.org
Isn't that just so politically correct? Isn't that just so progressive? Cadets, feel free to just rip off your uniform and put those skinny jeans on to show how much empathy you have for victims of sexual assault and harassment. Last year it was red high heels. This year it's Calvin Klein's.
And, for you transgender cadets, let it all hang out. Guys, wear that lipstick with the jeans, maybe some high heels too. Be yourself, no one there cares, especially the cadre. After all, they let a communist graduate.
No, it's not an episode of the Twilight Zone. It's another day in Mattis' Military. You remember General Mattis. He was the tough hombre with the PX haircut and the big book collection who was going to kick in the door to the PC saloon at the Pentagon and kick some butt and take names.
Then, he met Senator Kirsten Gillibrand and the Mad Dog became a Chihuahua. Sometime during his confirmation hearing he surrendered his family jewels to her in a US Government mason jar and never looked back.
And, the castration of the US military marches on at Mach 4.
Can you imagine Lee, Grant, Custer!, Pershing, Patton and Schwarzkopf walking around in jeans at West Point as they showed empathy for sexual assault victims?
Denim Day is yet another indicator that the US Military Academy is now being run by traitorous, Obama worshiping, leftist scum who are intent on turning the military upside down.
They, like the other politically correct, cultural Marxists in the US military will not stop until the US military is not a military anymore; and nothing more than a waddling, lactating, PC force of soy boys and feminists, screaming their battle cry of 'diversity!'
The US military is dying before our eyes. Only an idiot would think that nothing is wrong. On the contrary, just about everything is wrong in the military now. Sadly, the man brought into save the military, is proving to be just as worthless as the gutless diversity crusaders he replaced.
Denim Day, another clusterfu*k on the Mad Dog's watch. And, yes, he's responsible. He's in charge.
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     A racehorse owner takes his horse to the vet. "Will I be able to race this horse again?" he asks.
     The vet replies: "Of course you will, and you'll probably win!"
How do you make a small fortune betting on horses?
Start with a large fortune
My luck at Churchill Downs…
I bet on a horse that came in at 25 to 1. The only problem is that all the other horses came in at 12:30.
It would have been a photo finish, but by the time my horse finished, it was too dark to take a picture.
My horse came in so late the jockey was wearing pajamas.
The horse I bet on was so slow, the jockey kept a diary of the trip.
My horse was so late getting home, he tiptoed into the stable.
I played a great horse in the fifth; it took seven horses to beat him.
     A small boy tells his mom that his dad's taken him on an outing to the zoo. 
     His mom doesn't believe him.  "Your dad has never taken anyone to the zoo in his whole life," she says
     "Well he did," the boy replies, "and one of the animals paid us $50."
     A trainer was giving last-minute instructions to a jockey and appeared to slip something into the horse's mouth, just as a steward walked by.
     "What was that?" inquired the steward.
     "Oh nothing" said the trainer, "just a lump of sugar". He offered one to the steward and had one himself.
     After the suspicious steward had left the scene, the trainer continued with his instructions "Just keep on the rail. You're on a certainty. The only thing that could possibly pass you down the home straight is either the steward or me".
     A group of race horses were in a stable. One of them starts to boast about his track record. "In the last 15 races, I've won 8 of them!"
     Another horse breaks in, "Well in the last 27 races, I've won 19!!"
     "Oh that's good, but in the last 36 races, I've won 28!", says another.
     At this point, the horses notice a greyhound dog, who has been sitting there listening. "I don't mean to boast," says the greyhound, "but in my last 90 races, I've won 88 of them!"
     The horses are clearly amazed. Wow!" says one, after a hushed silence. "A talking dog."
     The nuns at a small convent were happy to learn that an anonymous donor had left his modest estate to them.  Each nun had been left $50 in cash to give away as she saw fit.
     Each nun announced how she would spend her bequest. Sister Catherine Ann decided to give her share to the first poor person she saw.
     As she said this, she looked out the window and saw a man leaning against the telephone pole across the street, and he indeed looked poor.  She immediately left the convent and walked toward the man. He had obviously known better days. The good nun felt he had been sent by Heaven to receive her offering.
     She pressed the $50 into the man's hands and said, "Godspeed, my good man."
     As she left, the man called out to her, "What is your name?"
     Shyly, she replied, "Sister Catherine Ann."
     The following evening, the man returned to the convent and rang the bell. "I'd like to see Sister Catherine Ann," he said.
     The nun at the door answered, "I'm sorry, but I cannot disturb her right now. She's in the chapel. May I give her a message?"
     "Yes," said the man gleefully. "Give her this $100 and tell her Godspeed came in second at the Derby."
     A leading trainer was given an eye test and was presented with a new pair of glasses.
     The optician said they would cost $500.
     "Too much!" cried the trainer.
     "They're bi-focal" said the optician.
     "I don't care if they're by Phar Lap. It's too much." 
Funny horse names…
Harry Trotter
Tater Trot
Forrest Jump
Maple Stirrup
NightMare
Mane Attraction
Usain Colt
Bitney Spurs
Al Capony
Hoof Hearted
Hay Girl
Horse Power
Colt Forty-Five
NeighSayer
Lil' Hoarse
Weebiscuit
Pony Soprano
Leon Trotsky
Gaits of Hell
Haysfur Horses
Hoofing It
Half Fast
Also this week is Star Wars Day—May the Fourth be with you, and Cinco de Mayo.  Have a great week,
Al
 
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Item Number:1 Date: 04/30/2018 AFGHANISTAN - ISIS ATTACK IN KABUL KILLS 29 (APR 30/CNN)  CABLE NEWS NETWORK -- At least 29 people have been killed and 45 people injured in twin suicide bombings in Kabul, reports CNN.   Journalists arrived on the scene of the first attack on Monday in the Shashdarak neighborhood when a second attacker, disguised as a cameraman, detonated a bomb.   Eight Afghan journalists were killed in the blast, including Shah Marai, the chief photographer for Agence France-Presse in Afghanistan.   The Islamic State terrorist group (ISIS) claimed responsibility for the attack.   Separately, a suicide car attack later in the day in Afghanistan's southern Kandahar province targeted a NATO convoy, reported the Guardian (U.K.). Eleven children at a nearby religious school were killed and 16 people, including five Romanian soldiers, were injured. No group has claimed responsibility for that attack
 Item Number:2 Date: 04/30/2018 CHINA - SUSPECT ARRESTED IN DEADLY KNIFE ATTACK (APR 30/XIN)  XINHUA -- Chinese authorities have arrested a suspect in last week's deadly knife attack in the northwestern Shaanxi province, reports China's state Xinhua news agency.   On April 28, police issued an arrest warrant for a male suspected of involvement in the deadly April 27 attack.   The attacker killed nine students and injured 10 near a middle school in Mizhi county.   Police suspect a 28-year-old man from a local village bore a grudge against the school, reported Agence France-Presse
   Item Number:8 Date: 04/30/2018 SAUDI ARABIA - YEMENI MISSILES INTERCEPTED, CIVILIAN KILLED BY DEBRIS, SAY SAUDIS (APR 30/REU)  REUTERS -- A Saudi civilian has been killed in a Houthi missile strike, reports Reuters.   Saudi authorities said the man was killed by debris that fell from an intercepted missile on April 28.   The Houthi rebel group said it launched eight missiles against "economic and vital targets" in the southern Saudi province of Jizan.   Saudi officials said air defense systems intercepted four of the missiles.   The attack was believed to be in response to the death of Saleh Al Samad, who was killed on April 19 in a coalition airstrike in the western Hodeida province.   Samad was laid to rest on April 28 in a ceremony in Sanaa, the Yemeni capital, that was attended by thousands.  
  Item Number:10 Date: 04/30/2018 SOMALIA - AL-SHABAAB CLAIMS DEADLY ATTACK ON SOLDIERS IN PUNTLAND (APR 30/GAROWE)  GAROWE ONLINE -- At least six people have been killed in a suicide bombing in Somalia's central Puntland region, reports Garowe Online (Somalia).   On April 28, the attacker approached soldiers in a restaurant in the city of Galkayo and detonated his device.   At least two senior Somali officers -- including a local commander -- and four other soldiers were killed in the blast.   Eight other soldiers injured in the attack, several of them critically. Officials said the death toll could rise.   The Al Qaida-linked Al-Shabaab terrorist group claimed responsibility for the attack, claiming that it killed five army officers
  Item Number:12 Date: 04/30/2018 SYRIA - REBELS TURN OVER SCUD MISSILES, TANKS AS PART OF DEAL WITH GOVERNMENT (APR 30/INT-AVN)  INTERFAX-MILITARY NEWS AGENCY -- Syrian rebels outside of Damascus have turned over a range of weapons to Russia and the Syrian government as part of an agreement to end fighting in the region, reports Interfax-AVN (Russia).   The weapons handed over included 30 T-55, T-62 and T-72 tanks; 60-mm, 82-mm and 120-mm mortars; 122-mm and 130-mm artillery pieces; 23 Scud tactical ballistic missiles; Strela anti-aircraft missile launchers;and local Islam-3 and Islam-5 missiles, said a Syrian military source cited by Russia's Sputnik news agency.   The arms exchange occurred as the militants and their families began to leave the Eastern Qalamoun area.   The rebels also turned over 10 pickup trucks with heavy machine guns; 77 small arms; 728 hand grenades; 21 heavy machine guns; 42,000 rounds of ammunition; 175 radio sets; and eight suicide belts, said Maj. Gen. Yury Yetvtushenko, the head of the Russian reconciliation center in Syria
Item Number:13 Date: 04/30/2018 SYRIA - STRIKES TARGET REGIME MILITARY SITES IN HAMA, ALEPPO (APR 30/WSJ)  WALL STREET JOURNAL -- Airstrikes on military bases in northwestern Syria have killed dozens of pro-government fighters, many of them Iranian, reports the Wall Street Journal.   "Enemy missiles," targeted government bases in Aleppo and Hama on Sunday night, according to state media reports cited by Al Jazeera (Qatar).   Videos cited by the Wall Street Journal showed a large explosion at a site believed to house Iranian forces. Al Jazeera's correspondent called it one of the strongest attacks on the military yet.   Casualty counts varied. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a watchdog group based in the U.K., said that 27 people were killed in Hama, most of them Iranian.   Some Iranian sources suggested that as many as 18 Iranians were killed in the attacks, although later reports omitted such figures. Semi-official sources denied any Iranian casualties in the attack.   The targets of the strike were believed to be the Nayrab military airport north of Aleppo and Brigade 47, an underground missile production facility and depot near Hama, reported the Jerusalem Post.   The attack reportedly destroyed surface-to-surface missiles at both sites, reported Agence France-Presse.   Unconfirmed reports said an Iranian general was killed in the strike in Hama.   Syrian state media did not say who likely carried out the attack. The Hezbollah-affiliated Al Akhbar blamed the attack on Israel. Israel has conducted raids on Syrian targets, many of them staffed by Iranian forces.   Israel has a policy of not commenting on its suspected involvement in such attacks.   Russia blamed Israel for an April 9 attack on a Syrian airbase near Homs. Israel did not comment on that strike.  
 Item Number:14 Date: 04/30/2018 TURKEY - SENIOR ISIS LEADER CAPTURED IN IZMIR, OFFICIALS SAY (APR 30/HUR)  HURRIYET -- Turkish security officials say a close associated of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the head of the Islamic State, has been captured in the western Izmir province, reports the Hurriyet Daily News (Istanbul).   The suspect, identified only by the initials K.E.H., was said to be ISIS emir in Deir Ezzor in eastern Syria, reported Turkey's state-run Anadolu Agency.   The ISIS leader was reportedly among several commanders responsible for the slaughter of 700 civilians in December 2017 in the Syrian village of Shaidat.   Three other ISIS suspects, also high-ranking members of the terrorist group, were also apprehended in the joint police and intelligence service operations.   The suspects reportedly were hiding among Syrian refugees in an effort to flee abroad
  Item Number:15 Date: 04/30/2018 USA - NRL SCIENTISTS WORKING ON LIGHTER, STRONGER CERAMIC ARMOR (APR 30/NRL)  NAVAL RESEARCH LABORATORY -- A team of researchers at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory is working on improving the performance of ceramic armor, reports the laboratory.   The team recently discovered previously unknown behaviors in nanocrystalline ceramics using an advanced nanosintering technique, which is the process of bonding nano-sized particles.   A few years ago, NRL demonstrated that reducing the grain size of ceramics to tens of nanometers increases hardness and strength, said James Wollmerhauser, a materials research engineer at the NRL.   Scientists found that nanocrystalline ceramics accommodate mechanical energy in a unique way that could revolutionize the design of ceramic armor.   "The better the material can accommodate mechanical energy, the better it can stop an incoming threat," said Boris Feygelson, a materials research engineer.   By advancing nanosintering techniques, it may be possible to design a lightweight, nanocrystalline ceramic material that can better dissipate mechanical energy, absorbing more energy while retaining its very high hardness, the research agency said
Item Number:16 Date: 04/30/2018 USA - SPIKE SEEN IN ORDNANCE DELIVERED IN AFGHANISTAN (APR 30/AFT)  AIR FORCE TIMES -- U.S. Forces-Afghanistan (USFOR-A) has dropped more munitions in Afghanistan over the first three months of 2018 than during the same period in 2011, according to figures from the U.S. Air Forces Central Command (AFCENT) cited by the Air Force Times.   That period of 2011 is widely considered the height of the conflict in Afghanistan.   The increase in bombing follows years of U.S. troop withdrawals, increasing reliance on technical intelligence, the newspaper said.   According the AFCENT, 1,186 munitions were expended in the first quarter of this year. During the same months in 2011, 1,083 weapons were released.   The increase in airstrikes is part of a new strategy targeting the Taliban's finances by destroying drug labs.   In contrast to 2011, when many strikes were close-air support missions, now most targets are pre-planned.   "The increased airpower supports a deliberate air campaign designed to degrade the Taliban's primary means of funding its operations -- narcotic production," said an AFCENT spokeswoman.
 
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Answers To Quiz:
 
1 The one sport in which neither the spectators nor the participants know the score or the leader until the contest ends: Boxing.
2 North American landmark constantly moving backward: Niagara Falls .. The rim is worn down about two and a half feet each year because of the millions of gallons of water that rush over it every minute.
3 Only two vegetables that can live to produce on their own for several growing seasons: Asparagus and rhubarb.
4 The fruit with its seeds on the outside:  Strawberry.
5 How did the pear get inside the brandy bottle? It grew inside the bottle. The bottles are placed over pear buds when they are small, and are wired in place on the tree. The bottle is left in place for the entire growing season. When the pears are ripe, they are snipped off at the stems.
6 Three English words beginning with dw: Dwarf, dwell and dwindle...
7 Fourteen punctuation marks in English grammar: Period, comma, colon, semicolon, dash, hyphen, apostrophe, question mark, exclamation point, quotation mark, brackets, parenthesis, braces, and ellipses.
8 The only vegetable or fruit never sold frozen, canned, processed, cooked, or in any other form but fresh: Lettuce.
9 Six or more things you can wear on your feet beginning with 'S':   Shoes, socks, sandals, sneakers, slippers, skis, skates, snowshoes, stockings, stilts.
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