Thursday, February 1, 2018

Fw: TheList 4647

The List 4647

To All
I hope your week has been going well.
This Day In Naval History – February 1, 2018
Feb. 1
1800—USS Constellation engages French frigate La Vengeance in a 5-hour battle during the Quasi War.
1902—USS Plunger (SS 2), the lead ship of the Plunger-class submarine, launches. She is commissioned Sept. 19, 1903, at the Holland Company yard at New Suffolk, Long Island, NY. Ensign Chester W. Nimitz is the submarines final commander when Plunger is decommissioned Nov. 6, 1909 at the Charleston Navy Shipyard.
1941 - United States Fleet reorganized, reviving Atlantic and Pacific Fleets
1942—USS Enterprise (CV 6) and USS Yorktown (CV 5) make the first World War II air strike against the Japanese at their outposts in the Marshall Islands to protect the Trans-Pacific supply route to Australia.
1944—Three U.S. Navy submarines, Guardfish (SS 217), Hake (SS 256) and Seahorse (SS 304), attack Japanese convoys, sinking a destroyer, cargo ship and another vessel.
1945—USS Jenkins (DD 447), USS O'Bannon (DD 450), USS Bell (DD 587) and destroyer escort Ulvert M. Moore (DE 442) sink the Japanese submarine RO 115, 125 miles southwest of Manila.
1955—Task Force 43 is established to plan U.S. Navy Antarctic operations called Operation Deep Freeze.
On this day in history (February 1):
1898: The Travelers Insurance Company of Hartford, CT, issued the first automobile insurance policy. Dr. Truman Martin of Buffalo, NY, paid $11.25 for the policy, which gave him $5,000 in liability coverage.
1949: RCA Victor countered Columbia Records' 33-1/3 'long play' phonograph disk on this day, with not only a smaller, 7-inch record (with a big hole in the center), but an entire phonograph playing system, as well. Soon, the newfangled product, which started a revolution (especially with the new rock and roll music) soon made the 78-rpm record a 'blast from the past'.
The 45-rpm disk did well for about 20 years. Then it started to lose ground to cassette tapes, eight tracks and albums. Record companies, caught in the energy crisis of the early and mid-70s, found that it was cost prohibitive to keep turning out the little disks. So, they raised the price to where no one would buy them anymore. Then eight tracks died, albums, too -- and now we have compact discs that cost more than both of them combined -- and cassettes that sometimes sound worse than the 45s they replaced ... Those Were the Days.
2003: NASA's space shuttle Columbia exploded while re-entering the Earth's atmosphere. All seven astronauts on board were killed.
And today is:
National Baked Alaska Day
1981 - Era of Enlisted Naval Aviators ends when last pilot retired
Executive Summary:
National headlines were dominated by the latest developments in the debate over releasing a classified memo on FBI surveillance produced by the House Intelligence Committee, as well as the crash of an Arizona train carrying GOP lawmakers. Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis is considering a ban on all cell phones within the Pentagon, reports Defense News. USNI and others reported the release of additional video of Monday's intercept of a Navy EP-3 by a Russian Su-27 fighter over the Black Sea. Additionally, Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Paul Selva stated that the Pentagon is "gambling" by preparing a budget for FY 2018 while the 2018 budget remains uncertain.
February 1
Edward III is coronated King of England.
Elizabeth I, Queen of England, signs the Warrant of Execution for Mary Queen of Scots.
The tobacco laws of Virginia are codified, limiting tobacco production to reduce dependence on a single-crop economy.
France declares war on Britain and the Netherlands.
A furious Governor Sam Houston storms out of a legislative session upon learning that Texas has voted 167-7 to secede from the Union.
U.S. Secretary of State John Hay protests Russian privileges in China as a violation of the "open door policy."
Germany contests French rule in Morocco.
U.S. troops leave Cuba after installing Jose Miguel Gomez as president.
A Loening Air Yacht of Air Ferries makes its first passenger run between San Francisco and Oakland, California..
Planes of the U.S. Pacific fleet attack Japanese bases in the Marshall and Gilbert Islands.
American tanks and infantry are battered at German positions at Faid Pass in North Africa.
U.S. Army troops invade two Kwajalein Islands in the Pacific.
U.S. Rangers and Filipino guerrillas rescue 513 American survivors of the Bataan Death March.
Three A-bomb tests are completed in the desert of Nevada.
Four black students stage a sit-in at a segregated Greensboro, N.C. lunch counter.
President Lyndon B. Johnson rejects Charles de Gaulle's plan for a neutral Vietnam.
Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. and 770 others are arrested in protest against voter discrimination in Alabama.
U.S. troops drive the North Vietnamese out of Tan Son Nhut airport in Saigon.
South Vietnam President Nguyen Van Thieu declares martial law.
Two days of anti-government riots in Port-au-Prince result in 14 dead.
A bit of history of Groundhog Day…
     In 1723, the Delaware Indians settled Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania as a campsite halfway between the Allegheny and the Susquehanna Rivers.  The town is 90 miles northeast of Pittsburgh, at the intersection of Route 36 and Route 119.  The Delawares considered groundhogs honorable ancestors.  According to the original creation beliefs of the Delaware Indians, their forebears began life as animals in "Mother Earth" and emerged centuries later to hunt and live as men.
     The name Punxsutawney comes from the Indian name for the location "ponksad-uteney" which means "the town of the sandflies."  The name woodchuck comes from the Indian legend of "Wojak,
the groundhog" considered by them to be their ancestral grandfather.
     When German settlers arrived in the 1700s, they brought a tradition known as Candlemas Day, a Christian holiday celebrated annually on February 2nd.  It celebrates three occasions according to Christian belief: the presentation of the child Jesus; Jesus' first entry into the temple; and it celebrates the Virgin Mary's purification (mainly in Catholic churches).  It came at the mid-point between the winter solstice and the spring equinox.  Superstition held that if the weather was fair, the second half of winter would be stormy and cold.  For the early Christians in Europe, it was the custom on Candlemas Day for clergy to bless candles and distribute them to the people in the dark of winter.  A lighted candle was placed in each window of the home.  The day's weather continued to be important.  If the sun came out February 2nd, halfway between winter and spring, it meant six more weeks of wintry weather.
     The earliest American reference to Groundhog Day can be found at the Pennsylvania Dutch Folklore Center at Franklin and Marshall College:
February 4, 1841 - from Morgantown, Berks County (Pennsylvania) storekeeper James Morris' diary..."Last Tuesday, the 2nd, was Candlemas day, the day on which, according to the Germans, the Groundhog peeps out of his winter quarters and if he sees his shadow he pops back for another six weeks nap, but if the day be cloudy he remains out, as the weather is to be moderate."
     According to the old English saying:
If Candlemas be fair and bright,
Winter has another flight.
If Candlemas brings clouds and rain,
Winter will not come again.
     If the sun made an appearance on Candlemas Day, an animal would cast a shadow, thus predicting six more weeks of winter.  Germans watched a badger for the shadow.  In Pennsylvania, the groundhog, upon waking from mid-winter hibernation, was selected as the replacement.
     Pennsylvania's official celebration of Groundhog Day began on February 2nd, 1886 with a proclamation in The Punxsutawney Spirit by the newspaper's editor, Clymer Freas: "Today is groundhog day and up to the time of going to press the beast has not seen its shadow."  The groundhog was given the name "Punxsutawney Phil, Seer of Seers, Sage of Sages, Prognosticator of Prognosticators, and Weather Prophet Extraordinary'' and his hometown thus called the "Weather Capital of the World.''  His debut performance: no shadow—early spring.
From Yesterday
Just remembered:  Today is the anniversary of the first March of Dimes celebration,  January 30th, 1938.  Every year after that all the kids in all the schools collected dimes on FDR's birthday, to help in the fight against polio. Remembered it this morning when someone asked me the date.  
Fun Facts/Trivia about Groundhogs
The average groundhog is 20 inches long and normally weighs from 12 to 15 pounds. Punxsutawney Phil weighs about 20 pounds and is 22 inches long.
Groundhogs are covered with coarse grayish hairs tipped with brown or sometimes dull red. They have short ears, a short tail, short legs, and are surprisingly quick. Their jaws are exceptionally strong.
A groundhog's diet consists of lots of greens, fruits, and vegetables and very little water. Most of their liquids come from dewy leaves.
A groundhog can whistle when it is alarmed. Groundhogs also whistle in the spring when they begin courting.
Insects do not bother groundhogs and germs leave them alone. They are resistant to the plagues that periodically wipe out large numbers of wild animals. One reason for this is their cleanliness.
Groundhogs are one of the few animals that really hibernate. Hibernation is not just a deep sleep. It is actually a deep coma, where the body temperature drops to a few degrees above freezing, the heart barely beats, the blood scarcely flows, and breathing nearly stops.
Young groundhogs are usually born in mid-April or May, and by July they are able to go out on their own. The size of the litter is 4 to 9. A baby groundhog is called a kit or a cub.
A groundhog's life span is normally 6 to 8 years. Phil receives a drink of a magical punch every summer during the annual Groundhog Picnic, which gives him 7 more years of life.
Thanks to Carl
AFI's 100 Years, 100 Movie Quotes - YouTube
This set of 100 quick movie clips in 10 minutes is pretty cool. Some of the " best and most memorable lines ever." Once you start, you just can't stop watching. 
With our thanks to THE Bear at
February 1, 2018   Bear Taylor 
RIPPLE SALVO… #698…  HANSON BALDWIN: PUBLIC OPINION IN U.S. AND SOUTH VIETNAM VIEWED AS MAIN TARGET OF NEW NORTH VIETNAMESE/VIETCONG OFFENSIVE… "The impact of the Tet Offensive on the American public was immense. Press reports stressed that the NVA/VC forces had achieved a strategic victory. In retrospect, it became clear that they had suffered a devastating tactical defeat, with the eradication of nearly 70-per cent of NVA/VC cadres in the South. In the immediate aftermath, however, public opinion polls reflected that the American public turned sharply against supporting a continuation of President Lyndon Johnson's efforts in Vietnam." …but first…
Good Morning: Day SIX HUNDRED NINETY-EIGHT of a return to the events of the Vietnam War, highlighting the 40-month air war called Rolling Thunder that took the war to the enemy where he lived–the Red River Valley…
1 FEBRUARY 1968… HEAD LINES from The New York Times on a drizzly Thursday in the Big Apple…
TET OFFENSIVE: Page 14: "CASUALTY TOTALS"… "In three days of fighting the enemy has lost 4,949 dead, according to an allied tabulation reported this afternoon. American forces reported 232 men killed and 929 wounded. At least 1,862 people have been held as suspected Vietcong"… Page 14: "HO CHI MINH PLEASED"… "President Ho Chi Minh of North Vietnam said today in a broadcast over the Hanoi radio he was 'very happy with the victories' of the Vietcong in the past two days."... Page 14: "Torpedoed Truce Cited"… "The Communist party newspaper Nhan Dan carried a dispatch from the Vietcong press agency today that said the Vietcong had struck during the Lunar New Yea  holidays, despite the announced seven-day holiday truce they had begun on Saturday, because the United States had 'openly torpedoed the ceasefire order of the front."…
Thanks to Dr. Rich
Who needs snow?
In case you are ever stuck without an opener
a post, entitled "8 Ingenious Ways to Open a Bottle Without an Opener," one involves opening a bottle with a dollar bill. 
Thanks to Chuck
10 Ways Israel Changed The World
Published on Dec 30, 2017
How Israel changed the world. Want to boycott Israel in 2018? It's impossible. It's impossible to boycott Israel, and yet enjoy the comfortable lives that you live today; because thanks to Israel, this world is more advanced, secure, healthier and happy.
In response to a couple requests. Here is a follow on from Shadow
I'd like to hear about John Verdi's actions concerning the Spad shot down by the Chinese from Hainan Island!!
Don't know if you recall the incident… but an unarmed AD-5 took off from Cubi for a long solo flight to Yankee Station. Think he had three or four passengers onboard. Most of the flight was "Dead Reckoning"… no NavAids enroute. Anyway, the plane strayed off course and ended up inadvertently penetrating the Hainan Island ADIZ. The ChiComs launched interceptors and proceeded to shoot the hapless Skyraider down.
As soon as he realized he was being attacked the AD pilot came up on Guard screaming for help and continued to give a running commentary of what was going on, including that he was hit and was going to have to ditch. Once in the water he came up on his survival radio and indicated they were being strafed in the water. One of the carriers launched a CSAR and the Alert Birds to try to facilitate a rescue and run the ChiCom MIG's off. The Spad was just inside the ADIZ, and as the Alert Birds were about to arrive on scene… another voice comes up on Guard (Call Sign "Jehovah", whom I believe was CincPacFlt) and issued the following order… "No U.S. aircraft will penetrate the ChiCom ADIZ in order to facilitate a rescue"! Both the CSAR and the Alert Birds were called back. The crew was on their own… all perished.
I'm not sure if John was airborne and heard it first hand or learned of it as the Group X.O. through message traffic… regardless he was enraged, felt it was a breaking of the "Covenant" between leadership and the "Warriors". He vowed personal revenge and set about making a plan. You'd have to have known John to understand that he would not go about it Willy Nilly. John was a planner, understood the risks involved and made some calculated assumptions as well. He also knew he had to enlist a very limited and trustworthy clique of supporters.
Here's what he did according to John. First he selected a TPQ mission as the vehicle to do it. TPQ was a radar controlled bomb drop at night that the Marines flew on a regular basis. It was single plane and the drop was controlled by the Air Force TPQ site located at Dong Ha. Frankly it was sort of an aviation version of artillery H&I fire. The aircrew had no idea what they were bombing, nor do I recall anyone ever saying they got secondaries after a drop.
John went down to his old squadron and ordered an F-4 with new tires, two bombs and a suite of wall to wall missiles. He'd already recruited his RIO and had enlisted the help of a local Chinese gentleman in DaNang for appropriate insults for the ChiComs and had about a thousand leaflets printed up, which he then had packed in the speed brake cavities of the F-4. He and his RIO spent hours planning everything out. He then volunteered for an "O'Dark Thirty" TPQ mission.
When they launched, they flew the TPQ profile as planned and upon the TPQ order to drop, they radioed "Bombs Away" and then stated they were taking fire and were taking evasive action. John then said he did a "Split S" and dove for the deck, turning off his transponder at the same time… taking a heading directly toward Hainan and the ChiCom Air Force Base. They flew across the Gulf at extremely low altitude (I still don't understand how he could have evaded our own radars out in the Gulf on the various ships?)… anyway, upon arriving at the Chinese Base…  they flew down the runway and popped the speed brakes scattering the leaflets… did a tear drop 180 and came back down the runway at MACH to give them a "Wakeup Call" and then climbed up on a perch, waiting for a response from below. None came.
Staying as long as possible… he then executes another dive for the deck and flies back across the Gulf and lands at DaNang.
As John related the story he indicated some of his assumptions. First, he felt the Chinese would not take the bait (but he was armed to the teeth in case they did)… Second he assumed if they pulled it off, the Chinese would not make a formal complaint as it would  expose them to a "Loss of Face", in that an American warplane had penetrated their ADIZ, flew right over their air base, had challenged them to a fight and they passed. And Last… I "think" John assumed our radars may have actually picked him up, but they too chose to not acknowledge it.
The amazing thing to me was how well they kept the secret of what they'd done, was kept for all those years. That's the short version of it … but it was much more complicated and involved than that. It'd take pages to really cover the whole thing.
My take was it was a frustrated act by a true Warrior to at least strike back at the "Political Military Leaders" who refused to provide aid to our own when they could have... and possibly saved the lives of those men… and at the ChiComs for shooting down an unarmed propeller aircraft.. and worse, strafing them in the water.
One thing about Verdi… besides his brilliant mind… the man had balls of steel! I should also mention… Verdi was offered a Regular Commission many times and he always refused it… thought of himself as a citizen warrior. Even then he managed to make 0-6 on active duty as a Reservist. Granted… he had his detractors as well as loyalists. But no one who knew him could deny his intellect and devotion to duty. Kinda think he was our Marine Corps version of John Boyd.
Item Number:3 Date: 02/01/2018 INDIA - ANOTHER KALVARI-CLASS SUB LAUNCHED IN MUMBAI (FEB 01/INDIAMOD)  INDIAN MINISTRY OF DEFENSE -- Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders in Mumbai (Bombay) has launched the third Kalvari-class attack submarine for the Indian navy, reports the Indian Ministry of Defense.   The Karanj was put into the water in a ceremony at the Mazagon Dock shipyard on Jan. 31.   The submarine will next undergo a series of harbor and sea trials before being commissioned into naval service.   India has purchased six Kalvari-class submarines based on the French Scorpene design. All are being built domestically with technical assistance from the French Naval Group firm (previously DCNS).   The lead sub in the class, the Kalvari, was commissioned in December.  
Item Number:7 Date: 02/01/2018 NIGERIA - WATCHDOG REPORT CRITICIZES GOVERNMENT'S RESPONSE TO ETHNIC VIOLENCE (FEB 01/AI)  AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL -- The response of Nigerian security forces to escalating violence between herders and farmers has made the situation worse, reports Amnesty International.   Clashes between mostly Muslim herders and predominately Christian farmers killed at least 168 people in January 2018.   Violence is worst in the eastern states of Adamawa, Benue and Taraba, the southern state of Ondo and the central Kaduna state.   The government is not doing enough to protect communities from the fighting, said an Amnesty release on Jan. 30.   The response of Nigerian authorities has been inadequate in many cases, with security officials refusing to intervene. Other times, the response has been too slow and ineffective.   In other cases, Nigerian forces have responded excessively. On Dec. 4, 2017, air force jets launched rockets as hundreds of herdsmen attacked five villages in Adamawa state, the watchdog said. The attack was reportedly in response to a previous massacre.   Nigerian air force spokesman Olatokunbo Adesanya initially denied the reports. He later revised this, saying herdsmen opened fire on the planes.  
Item Number:9 Date: 02/01/2018 USA - BAE SYSTEMS TO DEVELOP NEW PRECISION-GUIDANCE KITS FOR ARTILLERY SHELLS (FEB 01/DN)  DEFENSE NEWS -- The U.S. Army has awarded BAE Systems a contract to develop precision-guidance kits for artillery shells that allow the munitions to operate in GPS-denied environments, reports Defense News.   Under the $8 million contract, BAE will develop kits that provide 155-mm rounds the ability to make in-flight course corrections for improved accuracy and range, said a BAE Systems release on Jan. 30.   The precision-strike capability will allow operators to "accurately engage targets for longer periods of time with less ammunition and logistical sustainment," said the release.   The kits will be compatible with existing and experimental artillery shells and propellants, as well as platforms such as the M777 lightweight towed howitzer and M109 self-propelled howitzer, according to BAE Systems.   Operations in GPS-jammed environments are a growing concern for the U.S. Army, which is evaluating how it might take on an adversary with capabilities similar to its own.  
Item Number:10 Date: 02/01/2018 USA - HALF OF MILITARY SITES HIT BY EXTREME WEATHER; CLIMATE CHANGE COULD MAKE IT WORSE, SAYS PENTAGON REPORT (FEB 01/USA)  USA TODAY -- Half of U.S. military sites have been affected extreme weather that could be made worse by rising global temperatures, according to a Pentagon report cited by USA Today.   Released last week, the Defense Dept. report requested by Congress covers all 3,500 U.S. military sites globally.   According to the findings, 800 sites have been impacted by droughts, 350 by extreme temperatures, 225 by storm-related flooding and more than 200 by wildfires.   Among the examples cited in the report was damage from Hurricane Sandy to West Point in New York and Naval Weapons Station Earle in New Jersey.   Climate scientists have predicted that these and other extreme weather patterns are growing more common due to climate change.   Climate change affects national security in various ways, the report says. "If extreme weather makes our critical facilities unusable or necessitates costly of manpower-intensive work-around, this is an unacceptable impact," says the study, which was produced by the Office of Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics.   U.S. President Donald Trump has made public statements casting doubt on climate change caused by human activity. Secretary of Defense James Mattis has described climate change as a security threat that must be planned for.  
  Item Number:11 Date: 02/01/2018 USA - PROTOTYPE SEA HUNTER ASW VESSEL NOW AN ONR PROJECT (FEB 01/DARPA)  U.S. DEFENSE ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECTS -- The U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the Pentagon's advanced technology branch, has transferred its Anti-Submarine Warfare Continuous Trail Unmanned Vessel (ACTUV) to the Office of Naval Research (ONR), reports the agency.   The ONR will continue to develop the prototype craft, christened Sea Hunter, which could become a new class of ocean-going vessel capable of traveling thousands of miles on the open sea for months at a time as a medium displacement unmanned surface vehicle (MDUSV), said a DARPA release on Jan. 30.   The transfer is a significant milestone in the development of large-scale USV technology and autonomy capabilities, said DARPA officials.   The Sea Hunter is part of a new concept for naval warfare involving large numbers of inexpensive, simpler platforms that provide more capabilities in the aggregate than existing highly capable, high-value platforms.   ONR plans to conduct additional at-sea trials for automating payload and sensor data processing; rapidly developing new mission-specific autonomous behaviors; and exploring autonomous coordination among multiple USVs
  Item Number:12 Date: 02/01/2018 USA - SM-3 TEST REPORTEDLY FAILS IN HAWAII (FEB 01/CNN)  CABLE NEWS NETWORK -- A ballistic missile defense test in Hawaii failed to intercept its target, reports CNN.   The Missile Defense Agency confirmed that a test took place on Wednesday but did not confirm the results.   The Pentagon is remaining quiet about the test in part because of sensitivities surrounding North Korea's participation in this month's Olympic Winter Games in Pyeongchang, South Korea, officials said.   The test at the Pacific Missile Range Facility in Kauai, Hawaii, involved the Aegis Ashore Missile Defense Test Complex using the new SM-3 Block IIA missile, reported the Hill (Washington, D.C.), citing a Missile Defense Agency spokesman.   The SM-3 Block IIA, a joint program between Japan and the U.S., is still in development and undergoing tests. Raytheon is the prime contractor for the program.   If reports of the failure are confirmed, it would be the second failed test for the missile in the last year, noted Defense News.   The SM-3 Block IIA test in June 2017 failed when a sailor on the destroyer John Paul Jones accidentally triggered the missile's self-destruct function.  
Item Number:14 Date: 02/01/2018 USA - TRUMP ADMINISTRATION ABRUPTLY DROPS CANDIDATE FOR AMBASSADOR TO S. KOREA (FEB 01/WP)  WASHINGTON POST -- The White House will not nominate its original choice for U.S. ambassador to South Korea, reports the Washington Post.   U.S. officials notified their South Korean counterparts in December of the potential nomination of Victor Cha. Diplomats in Seoul reportedly approved the proposal and hoped his nomination would proceed quickly, the newspaper said on Tuesday.   Cha, a professor at Georgetown University in Washington D.C., who served in the George W. Bush administration, was removed from consideration after he expressed concerns over the administration's "bloody nose" strategy: a limited first strike on North Korea to pressure Pyongyang, without starting a war.   He also expressed concerns about cancelling a free-trade deal with South Korea, said unnamed sources close to the matter.   White House officials pushed back on this narrative, saying Cha's background check raised unspecified red flags

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