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Sunday, January 7, 2018

January 7th...This Day in History

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First U.S. presidential election 1789

 

On this day in 1789, America’s first presidential election is held. Voters cast ballots to choose state electors; only white men who owned property were allowed to vote. As expected, George Washington won the election and was sworn into office on April 30, 1789.
As it did in 1789, the United States still uses the Electoral College system, established by the U.S. Constitution, which today gives all American citizens over the age of 18 the right to vote for electors, who in turn vote for the president. The president and vice president are the only elected federal officials chosen by the Electoral College instead of by direct popular vote.
Today political parties usually nominate their slate of electors at their state conventions or by a vote of the party’s central state committee, with party loyalists often being picked for the job. Members of the U.S. Congress, though, can’t be electors. Each state is allowed to choose as many electors as it has senators and representatives in Congress. The District of Columbia has 3 electors. During a presidential election year, on Election Day (the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November), the electors from the party that gets the most popular votes are elected in a winner-take-all-system, with the exception of Maine and Nebraska, which allocate electors proportionally. In order to win the presidency, a candidate needs a majority of 270 electoral votes out of a possible 538.
On the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December of a presidential election year, each state’s electors meet, usually in their state capitol, and simultaneously cast their ballots nationwide. This is largely ceremonial: Because electors nearly always vote with their party, presidential elections are essentially decided on Election Day. Although electors aren’t constitutionally mandated to vote for the winner of the popular vote in their state, it is demanded by tradition and required by law in 26 states and the District of Columbia (in some states, violating this rule is punishable by $1,000 fine). Historically, over 99 percent of all electors have cast their ballots in line with the voters. On January 6, as a formality, the electoral votes are counted before Congress and on January 20, the commander in chief is sworn into office.
Critics of the Electoral College argue that the winner-take-all system makes it possible for a candidate to be elected president even if he gets fewer popular votes than his opponent. This happened in the elections of 1876, 1888 and 2000. However, supporters contend that if the Electoral College were done away with, heavily populated states such as California and Texas might decide every election and issues important to voters in smaller states would be ignored.


 (More Events on This Day in History)
  • American Revolution

  • 1776 Samuel Adams writes that the confederation is not dead, but sleepeth
  • Automotive

  • 1929 Chrysler is Time magazine’s Man of the Year
  • Civil War

  • 1864 Caleb Blood Smith dies
  • Cold War

  • 1953 Truman announces U.S. has developed hydrogen bomb
  • 1959 United States recognizes new Cuban government
  • Crime

  • 1946 A case of split personality in puzzling Chicago murders
  • Disaster

  • 1892 Mine explodes in Oklahoma
  • General Interest

  • 1785 Across the English Channel in a balloon
  • 1979 Pol Pot overthrown
  • 1989 Emperor Hirohito dies
  • 1999 Clinton impeachment trial begins
  • Hollywood

  • 1911 America’s sweetheart Mary Pickford marries Owen Moore
  • Literary

  • 1891 Zora Neale Hurston is born
  • Music

  • 1947 “Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer” is the #1 song on the U.S. pop charts
  • Old West

  • 1901 Cannibal Alfred Packer is paroled
  • Presidential

  • 1999 Clinton’s Senate impeachment trial begins
  • Sports

  • 1927 Harlem Globetrotters play their first game
  • Vietnam War

  • 1965 Civilian government is restored in Saigon
  • 1971 Laird visits Saigon
  • World War I

  • 1915 Bolshevik envoy approaches German ambassador in Turkey
  • World War II

  • 1945 Monty holds a press conference


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