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Friday, January 12, 2018

January 12th...This Day in History

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Original Amos ‘n’ Andy debuts on Chicago radio 1926

 Image result for amos n' andy radio show images



On this day in 1926, the two-man comedy series “Sam ‘n’ Henry” debuts on Chicago’s WGN radio station. Two years later, after changing its name to “Amos ‘n’ Andy,” the show became one of the most popular radio programs in American history.
Though the creators and the stars of the new radio program, Freeman Gosden and Charles Carrell, were both white, the characters they played were two black men from the Deep South who moved to Chicago to seek their fortunes. By that time, white actors performing in dark stage makeup–or “blackface”–had been a significant tradition in American theater for over 100 years. Gosden and Carrell, both vaudeville performers, were doing a Chicago comedy act in blackface when an employee at the Chicago Tribune suggested they create a radio show.
When “Sam ‘n’ Henry” debuted in January 1926, it became an immediate hit. In 1928, Gosden and Carrell took their act to a rival station, the Chicago Daily News’ WMAQ. When they discovered WGN owned the rights to their characters’ names, they simply changed them. As their new contract gave Gosden and Carrell the right to syndicate the program, the popularity of “Amos ‘n’ Andy” soon exploded. Over the next 22 years, the show would become the highest-rated comedy in radio history, attracting more than 40 million listeners.
By 1951, when “Amos ‘n’ Andy” came to television, changing attitudes about race and concerns about racism had virtually wiped out the practice of blackface. With Alvin Childress and Spencer Williams taking over for Gosden and Carrell, the show was the first TV series to feature an all-black cast and the only one of its kind for the next 20 years. This did not stop African-American advocacy groups and eventually the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) from criticizing both the radio and TV versions of “Amos ‘n’ Andy” for promoting racial stereotypes. These protests led to the TV show’s cancellation in 1953.
The final radio broadcast of “Amos ‘n’ Andy” aired on November 25, 1960. The following year, Gosden and Carrell created a short-lived TV sequel called “Calvin and the Colonel.” This time, they avoided controversy by replacing the human characters with an animated fox and bear. The show was canceled after one season.

HERE ARE A FEW AMOS AND ANDY SHOWS FOR YOUR PLEASURE!

 1  1929-02-20  Godfather to Amos Baby (29 min)    
 2  1929-04-23  Raising Money for the Lodge (8 min)    
 3  1929-06-22  Earl Dixon Stages Robbery (10 min)    
 4  1929-06-23  Amos Fears Ruby's Reaction (9 min)    
 5  1929-06-24  Boys Visit Amos Again (10 min)    
 6  1929-06-27  Money for the Lawer (10 min)    
 7  1929-06-28  Mr Taylor Posts Bail (9 min)    
 8  1929-06-29  Amos out on Bail (11 min)    
 9  1929-07-02  Getting Ready for Court (8 min)    
 10  1929-07-05  Amos Worried about Court (8 min)    
 11  1930-04-03  Marriage of Andrew Brown (14 min)    
 12  1936-08-19  Eighth Year on NBC (13 min)    
 13  1936-12-04  The Minstrel Show (13 min)    
 14  1939-04-03  Marriage of Andrew Brown (14 min)    
 15  1939-04-04  Andy Shot in the Arm (14 min)    
 16  1941-12-24  Christmas Show (14 min)    
 17  1943-10-08  Andy's New Wife (29 min)    
 18  1943-10-15  The Maestro (27 min)    
 19  1943-10-22  Courtroom Catastrophe (26 min)    
 20  1943-11-05  The Locked Trunk's Secret (26 min)    
 21  1943-11-12  Matrimonial Mishap (26 min)    
 22  1943-11-19  Turkey Trouble (26 min)    
 23  1943-11-26  Man's Best Friend (26 min)    
 24  1943-12-03  Candy for Caroline (26 min)    
 25  1943-12-10  Bookends and Babies (27 min)    
 26  1943-12-17  The Marriage Counselor (26 min)    
 27  1943-12-31  New Years Eve (W Edward G Robinson) (28 min)    
 28  1944-01-07  Making Saphire Proud (26 min)    
 29  1944-01-14  Violets and Orchids (26 min)    
 30  1944-01-21  Charles Boyer's Valet (26 min)    
 31  1944-01-28  Windfall (26 min)    
 32  1944-02-04  Missing Person's Bureau (26 min)    
 33  1944-02-11  Three Times and You're Out (25 min)    
 34  1944-02-18  Ruby's Diamond (27 min)    
 35  1944-02-25  Sunday Monday or Always (26 min)    
 36  1944-03-03  Looking for Madam Queen (26 min)    
 37  1944-03-10  Sign on the Dotted Line (27 min)    
 38  1944-03-17  The Broken Clock (27 min)    
 39  1944-03-24  Between Life and Death (26 min)    
 40  1944-03-31  Long Lost Harold (26 min)    
 41  1944-04-07  Dating Club Disaster (27 min)    
 42  1944-04-14  The Butler Did It (26 min)    
 43  1944-04-21  Of Sound Mind and Body (26 min)    
 44  1944-04-28  The Brother in Law (26 min)    
 45  1944-05-05  The Electric Clock Caper (26 min)    
 46  1944-05-12  Impersonating an Officer (26 min)    
 47  1944-05-19  And the Winner Is (26 min)    
 48  1944-05-25  Jealous Boyfriend (28 min)    
 49  1944-05-26  Andy the Fugitive (26 min)    
 50  1944-06-02  Nazi Spy (26 min)    
 51  1944-06-09  Shirt Trail (26 min)    
 52  1944-06-16  One Step Ahead of the Law (27 min)    
 53  1944-08-04  Alice Mainweather Dead or Alive (30 min)    
 54  1944-10-06  Andy the Actor (29 min)    
 55  1944-11-17  Marriage Proposal Mixup (29 min)    
 56  1944-12-01  Ink Flow Fountain Pen Agency (29 min)    
 57  1944-12-04  With Frank Morgan (29 min)    
 58  1944-12-08  Kingfish and Brazillian Brass Mine (29 min)    
 59  1944-12-15  Fake Suicide (30 min)    
 60  1944-12-22  Annual Christmas Show (30 min)    
 61  1944-12-29  Jackson's New Year's Eve (28 min)    
 62  1945-01-05  Andy the Witness (30 min)    
 63  1945-01-12  One Phony Antique (29 min)    
 64  1945-01-19  Adoption Woes (29 min)    
 65  1945-01-26  Advice to the Lovelorn (29 min)    
 66  1945-02-02  Lovelorn Lawsuit (29 min)    
 67  1945-02-09  Andy Plays Soldier (31 min)    
 68  1945-02-16  A Mean Valentine (29 min)    
 69  1945-02-23  An Old Boyfriend (23 min)    
 70  1945-02-27  Sapphire Kicks Kingfish Out (24 min)    
 71  1945-03-02  Income Tax Problems (22 min)    
 72  1945-03-09  Andy Pays His Taxes Pt2 (30 min)    
 73  1945-03-16  Lecture Bureau (30 min)    
 74  1945-03-20  Kingfish Buys a Car (23 min)    
 75  1945-03-23  Prentiss Clothing Company (30 min)    
 76  1945-03-30  Easter Hat (30 min)    
 77  1945-04-06  A Place to Call Home (29 min)    
 78  1945-04-20  The Second Hand Car (29 min)    
 79  1945-04-27  Marriage Vows (29 min)    
 80  1945-05-04  Beautiful Baby Contest (30 min)    
 81  1945-05-18  A Case of Bullion (30 min)    
 82  1945-05-25  Andy the Sailor (29 min)    
 83  1945-06-01  Engaged to Hatie McDaniel (29 min)    
 84  1946-03-12  Birthday Gift for Sapphire (29 min)    
 85  1946-06-07  The Invention (28 min)    
 86  1946-10-15  Sapphire's a Wanted Criminal (29 min)    
 87  1946-12-10  The Stolen Car (28 min)    
 88  1946-12-17  The Cigar Stand (26 min)    
 89  1947-01-07  Homesteading in Alaska (23 min)    
 90  1947-03-25  Kingfish Sells Andy a Trailer (30 min)    
 91  1947-04-08  The Kingfish Takes in a Border (30 min)    
 92  1947-04-22  Kingfish's Travel Bureau (29 min)    
 93  1947-04-29  Sapphire Wants a Vacation (29 min)    
 94  1947-05-27  Kingfish's Restful Sanitarium (29 min)    
 95  1947-07-01  Pearls (24 min)    
 96  1947-07-15  Andy's Trailer (27 min)    
 97  1947-07-22  Renting out the Spare Room (29 min)    
 98  1947-09-02  Insurance Plan (29 min)    
 99  1947-09-09  Raiding the Piggy Bank (28 min)    
 100  1947-09-16  Adopting Andy (30 min)    
 101  1947-09-23  The Burial Insurance Salesman (21 min)    
 102  1947-10-28  Hosptilalization Plan (30 min)    
 103  1947-12-23  Christmas Show (30 min)    
 104  1948-05-04  Andy Saves the Millionaire (29 min)    
 105  1948-05-18  Selling Andy a Cabin for $250 (29 min)    
 106  1948-05-25  Andy Wins Car in Raffle (29 min)    
 107  1948-07-06  Sapphire's Sister Gets Married (29 min)    
 108  1948-10-10  Kingfish the Marriage Broker (30 min)    
 109  1948-10-17  Real Estate Broker (29 min)    
 110  1948-10-24  The Hot Fur (30 min)    
 111  1948-10-31  The Secret Melody (29 min)    
 112  1948-11-07  Correspondence School (29 min)    
 113  1948-11-14  Tourist Sight Seeing Agency (29 min)    
 114  1948-12-26  Mysterious New Years Card (29 min)    
 115  1949-01-09  Kingfish's Conscience (23 min)    
 116  1949-01-16  1877 Nickel (29 min)    
 117  1949-01-23  Kingfish's Luggage Stand 01 (29 min)    
 118  1949-01-30  The Antique Piano (30 min)    
 119  1949-02-06  Lapsed Insurance Policy (29 min)    
 120  1949-02-13  Widow Parker's $10000 Inheritance 01 (29 min)    
 121  1949-02-20  Godfather to Amos' Baby (29 min)    
 122  1949-03-06  Photo of Jewelry Store Robbery (29 min)    
 123  1949-03-13  Andy's Heiress Waitress (29 min)    
 124  1949-03-28  Pawn Shop Robbery (30 min)    
 125  1949-04-03  Kingfish Finds 500 Dollars (30 min)    
 126  1949-04-10  Kingfish Is Evicted (28 min)    
 127  1949-04-24  Andy Inherits $2000 (30 min)    
 128  1949-05-01  Kingfish's New Boarder (29 min)    
 129  1949-05-08  Kingfish Has No Friends (29 min)    
 130  1949-10-09  Kingfish Hires Secretary (29 min)    
 131  1949-10-16  Charmaign Larue and Her Mother (29 min)    
 132  1949-10-23  Kingfish's Car Used in Robbery (29 min)    
 133  1949-10-30  Andy Has Two Dates at Once (29 min)    
 134  1949-11-06  Friendly Loan Company (28 min)    
 135  1949-11-20  Kingfish's Turkey Trauma (30 min)    
 136  1949-11-27  Tv Set Raffle (28 min)    
 137  1950-01-12  Kingfish's Flower Shop (28 min)    
 138  1950-01-15  Andy Vs Abigail Simpson Brown (26 min)    
 139  1950-01-29  The Bungling Burglars (26 min)    
 140  1950-02-05  Sapphire Might Be Pregnant (28 min)    
 141  1950-03-19  Andy and Eloise Walker (26 min)    
 142  1950-03-26  Imitating the Happy Harringtons (25 min)    
 143  1950-04-02  Andy Goes to Charm School (26 min)    
 144  1950-04-16  The Census Taker (27 min)    
 145  1950-04-23  Lodge Convention in Chicago (26 min)    
 146  1950-04-30  Andy's Inheritance Part 1 (26 min)    
 147  1950-05-02  Andy to Marry D Richards (30 min)    
 148  1950-05-07  Andy's Inheritance Part 2 (27 min)    
 149  1950-05-14  Andy's Inheritance Part 3 (27 min)    
 150  1950-05-21  Job at Pine Crest Lodge (27 min)    
 151  1950-09-30  Cracker Jack Box (28 min)    
 152  1950-10-01  Kingfish Is Drafted (26 min)    
 153  1950-10-08  Kingfish's Enlistment Problem (26 min)    
 154  1950-11-19  Thanksgiving Dinner (30 min)    
 155  1950-12-03  Policewoman Mixup (30 min)    
 156  1950-12-10  The Beaver Coat (30 min)    
 157  1950-12-17  Kingfish Suspects Foul Play (26 min)    
 158  1950-12-24  Traditional Christmas Show (30 min)    
 159  1950-12-31  Sapphire's New Love Interest (27 min)    
 160  1951-01-07  Is Sapphire Expecting (27 min)    
 161  1951-01-14  Stolen Car Mixup (25 min)    
 162  1951-01-21  Mama and Mr Smithers Again (26 min)    
 163  1951-02-04  The Parking Lot (26 min)    
 164  1951-02-18  The Lonely Hearts Club (26 min)    
 165  1951-03-04  Kingfish Sees Saphire on Tv (26 min)    
 166  1951-03-18  Uncle Sylvester to Marry (27 min)    
 167  1951-04-08  Faith in Those You Love (30 min)    
 168  1951-04-15  Job at Import Export Garage (29 min)    
 169  1951-04-22  Motherinlaw Stays with Kingfish (29 min)    
 170  1951-04-29  Cousin Sydney Moves In (29 min)    
 171  1951-05-06  Annual Lodge Hall Picnic (28 min)    
 172  1951-05-13  Ramona Thompson (29 min)    
 173  1951-05-20  Kingfish the Nightclub Spotter (29 min)    
 174  1951-06-10  Old Flame Florence Baxter (29 min)    
 175  1951-09-30  $3000 Diamond Ring (29 min)    
 176  1951-10-07  Aptitude Test (29 min)    
 177  1951-10-14  Trip to Brazil (29 min)    
 178  1951-10-21  De Piester's Party (29 min)    
 179  1951-10-28  Engaged to Susan Bennett (29 min)    
 180  1951-11-04  New Boarder Chester Benson (29 min)    
 181  1951-11-11  Sapphire Looking for Romance (30 min)    
 182  1951-11-25  Sapphire's Sister Moves In (29 min)    
 183  1951-12-02  New Neighbors (29 min)    
 184  1951-12-09  Wedding Invitation Mixup (30 min)    
 185  1951-12-16  Breaking up Andy and Madame Queen (29 min)    
 186  1951-12-30  Porch Wreckers (31 min)    
 187  1952-10-12  Long Lost Husband (29 min)    
 188  1952-10-19  Jobs As Office Cleaners (29 min)    
 189  1952-10-26  Leroy'soilstock (29 min)    
 190  1952-11-02  Aunt Harriet Visits (29 min)    
 191  1952-11-16  10,000th Show (30 min)    
 192  1953-02-02  The Love Letter (24 min)    
 193  1953-02-14  Their Life Story Special (30 min)    
 194  1953-02-22  Andy's Photo in Detective Magazine (29 min)    
 195  1953-03-15  Madame Queens Chauffeur (29 min)    
 196  1953-03-29  Andy the Coward (29 min)    
 197  1953-04-12  Model Constance Lamarr (29 min)    
 198  1953-04-14  25th Anniversary (27 min)    
 199  1953-04-19  Kingfish the Detective (29 min)    
 200  1953-04-26  Annual Boat Outing (29 min)    
 201  1953-05-03  Seize the Opportunity (29 min)    
 202  1953-05-10  Cabin in Connecticut (29 min)    
 203  1953-10-11  Pancake Mix Contest (29 min)    
 204  1953-10-25  Aunt Matilda's Dowry (30 min)    
 205  1953-11-01  Cat Burglar (29 min)    
 206  1953-11-08  Sapphire's Old Boyfriend (30 min)    
 207  1953-11-15  Ship Leroy's Car to La1 (29 min)    
 208  1953-11-20  In the Loan Business (29 min)    
 209  1953-11-29  Loan Business (29 min)    
 210  1953-12-06  Cleaning 32 Typewriters (29 min)    
 211  1953-12-13  Kingfish the Baby Doctor (29 min)    
 212  1953-12-27  Lucky Bucks Contest (28 min)    
 213  1954-01-03  Tuxedo Rental Business (28 min)    
 214  1954-04-04  Radio and Tv Delivery Job (29 min)    
 215  1954-04-11  Vacation at Lake Chipawawa (25 min)    
 216  1954-09-15  Music Hall Guest Frank Sinatra (23 min)    
 217  1954-09-26  A Trip to Florida (29 min)    
 218  1954-10-31  Kingfish's Car Stolen (25 min)    
 219  1954-12-19  Andy Plays Santa Claus (28 min)    


(More Events on This Day in History)
  • American Revolution

  • 1777 Hugh Mercer dies from wounds received in Battle of Princeton
  • Automotive

  • 1904 Henry Ford sets speed record
  • Civil War

  • 1865 General Kilpatrick is promoted
  • Cold War

  • 1954 Dulles announces policy of “massive retaliation”
  • Crime

  • 1995 Malcolm X’s Daughter Arrested
  • Disaster

  • 1888 Blizzard brings tragedy to Northwest Plains
  • 2010 Massive earthquake strikes Haiti
  • General Interest

  • 1879 British-Zulu War begins
  • 1932 First elected female senator
  • 1984 Pyramid mystery unearthed
  • Hollywood

  • 1981 Dynasty premieres on ABC
  • Literary

  • 1876 Jack London is born
  • Music

  • 1928 Pianist Vladimir Horowitz makes his American debut at Carnegie Hall
  • Old West

  • 1838 Joseph Smith abandons Ohio
  • Presidential

  • 1942 Roosevelt (re)creates the National War Labor Board
  • 1966 Johnson says U.S. should stay in Vietnam
  • Sports

  • 1969 Broadway Joe delivers
  • Vietnam War

  • 1962 Operation Ranch Hand initiated
  • 1971 “Harrisburg Six” charged with conspiracy
  • World War I

  • 1919 Leaders of the Big Four nations meet for the first time in Paris
  • World War II

  • 1943 Soviet forces penetrate the siege of Leningrad