Saturday, January 27, 2018

TheList 4643



The List 4643
To All
I hope that you all have a great weekend
Regards,
Skip
This Day In Naval History – January 26, 2018
Jan. 26
            1911 - 1st hydroaeroplane flight is witnessed by naval aviator
1913—The body of John Paul Jones is laid in its final resting place in the Chapel of Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD.
1943—USS Wahoo (SS 238) sinks entire convoy of four Japanese supply ships north of New Guinea.
1944—USS Skipjack (SS 184) sinks the Japanese destroyer Suzukaze and the aircraft ferry Okitsu Maru in the Caroline Islands area. Also on this date, USS Hake (SS 256) sinks the Japanese auxiliary netlayer Shuko Maru off Ambon and USS Crevalle (SS 291) sinks the Japanese gunboat Busho Maru 175 miles southeast of Cape St. Jacques, French Indochina.
1949—USS Norton Sound (AVM 1), the first guided-missile ship, launched the first guided-missile, Loon.
1960—Destroyer John S. McCain (DL 3) rescues the entire 41-man crew of the sinking Japanese freighter, Shinwa Maru, in the East China Sea.
Jan. 27
1778—During the American Revolution, the Continental sloop Providence, commanded by Capt. O. P. Rathburne, attacks New Providence Island, spikes the guns of the fort, captures small arms, holds off the sloop-of-war Grayton, and captures a privateer and five other vessels, while freeing 20 released American prisoners.
1942—Submarine Gudgeon (SS 211) becomes the first U.S. Navy submarine to sink an enemy Japanese submarine in action during World War II.
1945—Destroyer Higbee (DD 806) is commissioned. She is the first U.S. Navy combat ship to bear the name of a female member of the naval service.
1952—U.S. Navy carrier aircraft cut the Korean railroad, a constant target during the Korean War, in 165 places, a record for a single day's aircraft operations by Fast Carrier Task Force (TF 77).
1967—Tragedy strikes the Apollo space program when a flash fire occurs in command module 012 during a launch pad test of the Apollo/Saturn space vehicle being prepared for the first piloted flight, the AS-204 mission. Three astronauts, Lt. Col. Virgil I. Grissom, a veteran of Mercury and Gemini missions; Lt. Col. Edward H. White, the astronaut who had performed the first United States extravehicular activity during the Gemini program; and (Navy LCDR) Roger B. Chaffee, an astronaut preparing for his first space flight, die in this tragic accident.
1973—The Paris Peace Accords are signed, ending U.S. participation in the Vietnam War.
Jan. 28
1865—Confederate torpedo boat St. Patrick strikes the side-wheel gunboat USS Octorara, off Mobile Bay, but her spar torpedo fails to explode.
1944—PB4Y-1 (VB 103) aircraft sink German submarine, U 271, off Limerick, Ireland.
1945—Submarine Spadefish (SS 411) attacks Japanese convoy west of Chuja Kundo, Korea and sinks escort vessel Kume and transport Sanuki Maru.
1962—USS Cook (APD 130) rescues 25 survivors from Panamanian tanker, SS Stanvac Sumatra, which broke in two in the South China Sea.
1986—The Space Shuttle Challenger tragically explodes early in its boost phase, killing all seven astronauts, including Navy Cmdr. Michael Smith.
 
1784: In a letter to his daughter dated Jan. 26, 1784, Benjamin Franklin expressed unhappiness with the choice of the eagle as the symbol of America. He said he preferred the turkey. This was a time when turkeys were smart birds that lived in the wild and not the stupid things bred for Thanksgiving dinner.
1962:  Bishop Burke of the Buffalo Catholic dioceses declares Chubby Checker's "The Twist" is impure and bans it from all Catholic schools, parishes and youth events. It can't be danced, sung about or listened to in any Catholic school, parish or youth event. Later in the year, the Twist will be banned from community center dances in Tampa, Florida as well.
Editor's Note: we fellow Catholics must lighten up and enjoy life for a change.
1998: President Clinton denied having an affair with a former White House intern, saying "I did not have sexual relations with that woman, Miss Lewinsky."
 
And today is:
 
National Peanut Brittle Day
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January 26
1699
The Treaty of Karlowitz ends the war between Austria and the Turks.
1720
Guilio Alberoni is ordered out of Spain after his abortive attempt to restore his country's empire.
1788
A fleet of ships carrying convicts from England lands at Sydney Cove in Australia. The day is since known as Australia's national day.
1861
Louisiana secedes from the Union.
1863
President Lincoln names General Joseph Hooker to replace Burnside as commander of the Army of the Potomac.
1875
Pinkerton agents, hunting Jesse James, kill his 18-year-old half-brother and seriously injure his mother with a bomb.
1885
General "Chinese" Gordon is killed on the palace steps in Khartoum by Sudanese Mahdists in Africa.
1924
Petrograd is renamed Leningrad.
1934
Germany signs a 10-year non-aggression pact with Poland, breaking the French alliance system.
1942
American Expeditionary Force lands in Northern Ireland.
1943
The first OSS (Office of Strategic Services) agent parachutes behind Japanese lines in Burma.
1964
Eighty-four people are arrested in a segregation protest in Atlanta.
1969
California is declared a disaster area after two days of flooding and mud slides.
2005
Condoleezza Rice is appointed to the post of secretary of state. The post makes her the highest ranking African-American woman ever to serve in a U.S. presidential cabinet.
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CHINFO OVERVIEW for today
Executive Summary:
Top U.S. headlines include a report that the president considered firing Special Counsel Robert Mueller in June, as well as the latest White House proposed compromise on immigration. Iranian "fast boats" have recently halted their routine harassment of U.S. naval vessels reports the Wall Street Journal. Over the last two years, the boats would regularly dart towards U.S. vessels as they passed through the Persian Gulf. However, there have been no incidents over the last five months and U.S. military officials are unable to explain why. Speaking to the Senate Armed Services personnel subcommittee, Vice Adm. Robert Burke made the case for a more flexible personnel system to compete in the career marketplace reports USNI News. Among solutions offered by Burke were giving the Navy the ability to bring in outside officers with in demand skills and promoting a system of "up and stay longer" in certain fields based on technical capability. Additionally, Navy Times reports that Chief of Naval Operations Adm. John Richardson has tasked Vice Adm. Richard brown with synthesizing various competing groups within the surface warfare community.
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With our thanks to THE Bear at http://www.rollingthunderremembered.com/
 
ROLLING THUNDER REMEMBERED… 26 JANUARY 1968… LOST, FOUND AND REMEMBERED…
January 26, 2018   Bear Taylor  
RIPPLE SALVO… #692… REMEMBERING LCDR NORMAN E. EIDSMOE and LT MICHAEL E. DUNN of the ATTACK SQUADRON 165 "BOOMERS"… Lost…killed-in-action: 1968; Found: 1998; Interred, Arlington: 2000; and Remembered 2018– fifty years after their last flight in the service of our country… but first…
Good Morning: Day SIX HUNDRED NINETY-TWO of a return to the air war fought over North Vietnam called Rolling Thunder…
26 JANUARY 1968… HEAD LINES from The New York Times on a sunny, cold Friday with snow underfoot…
 
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Thanks to Carl
What I Learned in the Peace Corps in Africa: Trump Is Right
 
January 17, 2018
What I Learned in the Peace Corps in Africa: Trump Is Right
 
Three weeks after college, I flew to Senegal, West Africa, to run a community center in a rural town.  Life was placid, with no danger, except to your health.  That danger was considerable, because it was, in the words of the Peace Corps doctor, "a fecalized environment."
In plain English: s--- is everywhere.  People defecate on the open ground, and the feces is blown with the dust – onto you, your clothes, your food, the water.  He warned us the first day of training: do not even touch water.  Human feces carries parasites that bore through your skin and cause organ failure.
Never in my wildest dreams would I have imagined that a few decades later, liberals would be pushing the lie that Western civilization is no better than a third-world country.  Or would teach two generations of our kids that loving your own culture and wanting to preserve it are racism.
Last time I was in Paris, I saw a beautiful African woman in a grand boubou have her child defecate on the sidewalk next to Notre Dame Cathedral.  The French police officer, ten steps from her, turned his head not to see.
I have seen.  I am not turning my head and pretending unpleasant things are not true.
Senegal was not a hellhole.  Very poor people can lead happy, meaningful lives in their own cultures' terms.  But they are not our terms.  The excrement is the least of it.  Our basic ideas of human relations, right and wrong, are incompatible.
As a twenty-one-year-old starting out in the Peace Corps, I loved Senegal.  In fact, I was euphoric.  I quickly made friends and had an adopted family.  I relished the feeling of the brotherhood of man.  People were open, willing to share their lives and, after they knew you, their innermost thoughts.
The longer I lived there, the more I understood: it became blindingly obvious that the Senegalese are not the same as us.  The truths we hold to be self-evident are not evident to the Senegalese.  How could they be?  Their reality is totally different.  You can't understand anything in Senegal using American terms.
Take something as basic as family.  Family was a few hundred people, extending out to second and third cousins.  All the men in one generation were called "father."  Senegalese are Muslim, with up to four wives.  Girls had their clitorises cut off at puberty.  (I witnessed this, at what I thought was going to be a nice coming-of-age ceremony, like a bat mitzvah or confirmation.)  Sex, I was told, did not include kissing.  Love and friendship in marriage were Western ideas.  Fidelity was not a thing.  Married women would have sex for a few cents to have cash for the market.
What I did witness every day was that women were worked half to death.  Wives raised the food and fed their own children, did the heavy labor of walking miles to gather wood for the fire, drew water from the well or public faucet, pounded grain with heavy hand-held pestles, lived in their own huts, and had conjugal visits from their husbands on a rotating basis with their co-wives.  Their husbands lazed in the shade of the trees.
Yet family was crucial to people there in a way Americans cannot comprehend.
The Ten Commandments were not disobeyed – they were unknown.  The value system was the exact opposite.  You were supposed to steal everything you can to give to your own relatives.  There are some Westernized Africans who try to rebel against the system.  They fail.
We hear a lot about the kleptocratic elites of Africa.  The kleptocracy extends through the whole society.  My town had a medical clinic donated by international agencies.  The medicine was stolen by the medical workers and sold to the local store.  If you were sick and didn't have money, drop dead.  That was normal.
So here in the States, when we discovered that my 98-year-old father's Muslim health aide from Nigeria had stolen his clothes and wasn't bathing him, I wasn't surprised.  It was familiar.
In Senegal, corruption ruled, from top to bottom.  Go to the post office, and the clerk would name an outrageous price for a stamp.  After paying the bribe, you still didn't know it if it would be mailed or thrown out.  That was normal.
One of my most vivid memories was from the clinic.  One day, as the wait grew hotter in the 110-degree heat, an old woman two feet from the medical aides – who were chatting in the shade of a mango tree instead of working – collapsed to the ground.  They turned their heads so as not to see her and kept talking.  She lay there in the dirt.  Callousness to the sick was normal.
Americans think it is a universal human instinct to do unto others as you would have them do unto you.  It's not.  It seems natural to us because we live in a Bible-based Judeo-Christian culture.
We think the Protestant work ethic is universal.  It's not.  My town was full of young men doing nothing.  They were waiting for a government job.  There was no private enterprise.  Private business was not illegal, just impossible, given the nightmare of a third-world bureaucratic kleptocracy.  It is also incompatible with Senegalese insistence on taking care of relatives.
All the little stores in Senegal were owned by Mauritanians.  If a Senegalese wanted to run a little store, he'd go to another country.  The reason?  Your friends and relatives would ask you for stuff for free, and you would have to say yes.  End of your business.  You are not allowed to be a selfish individual and say no to relatives.  The result: Everyone has nothing.
The more I worked there and visited government officials doing absolutely nothing, the more I realized that no one in Senegal had the idea that a job means work.  A job is something given to you by a relative.  It provides the place where you steal everything to give back to your family.
I couldn't wait to get home.  So why would I want to bring Africa here?  Non-Westerners do not magically become American by arriving on our shores with a visa.
For the rest of my life, I enjoyed the greatest gift of the Peace Corps: I love and treasure America more than ever.  I take seriously my responsibility to defend our culture and our country and pass on the American heritage to the next generation.
African problems are made worse by our aid efforts.  Senegal is full of smart, capable people.  They will eventually solve their own country's problems.  They will do it on their terms, not ours.  The solution is not to bring Africans here.
We are lectured by Democrats that we must privilege third-world immigration by the hundred million with chain migration.  They tell us we must end America as a white, Western, Judeo-Christian, capitalist nation – to prove we are not racist.  I don't need to prove a thing.  Leftists want open borders because they resent whites, resent Western achievements, and hate America.  They want to destroy America as we know it.
As President Trump asked, why would we do that?
We have the right to choose what kind of country to live in.  I was happy to donate a year of my life as a young woman to help the poor Senegalese.  I am not willing to donate my country. 
 
 
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Thanks to Chuck
Terrific engineering.
 
I like the under floor wine storage!
 
 
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Thanks to Mike
The Satnav - by Pam Ayres
===================== 
I have a little Satnav,
It sits there in my car
A Satnav is a driver's friend,
It tells you where you are.
I have a little Satnav,
I've had it all my life
It's better than the normal ones,
My Satnav is my wife.
It gives me full instructions,
Especially how to drive
"It's sixty miles an hour", it says,
"You're doing sixty five".
It tells me when to stop and start,
And when to use the brake
And tells me that it's never ever,
Safe to overtake.
It tells me when a light is red,
And when it goes to green
It seems to know instinctively,
Just when to intervene.
It lists the vehicles just in front,
And all those to the rear
And taking this into account,
It specifies my gear.
I'm sure no other driver,
Has so helpful a device
For when we leave and lock the car,
It still gives its advice.
It fills me up with counselling,
Each journey's pretty fraught
So why don't I exchange it,
And get a quieter sort?
Ah well, you see, it cleans the house,
Makes sure I'm properly fed
It washes all my shirts and things,
And keeps me warm in bed!
Despite all these advantages,
And my tendency to scoff,
I only wish that now and then,
I could turn the bugger off.
 
 
 
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Thanks to Mike
Musings of an unknown Helicopter Pilot
 
Anything that screws its way into the sky flies according to unnatural principals. You never want to sneak up behind an old high-time helicopter pilot and clap your hands. He will instantly dive for cover and most likely whimper...then get up smack you. There are no old helicopters laying around airports like you see old Airplanes. There is a reason for this. Come to think of it, there are not many old high-time helicopter pilots hanging around airports either so the first issue is problematic. You can always tell a helicopter pilot in anything moving, a train, an airplane, a car or a boat. They never smile, they are always listening to the machine and they always hear something they think is not right.
 
Helicopter pilots fly in a mode of intensity, actually more like "spring loaded", while waiting for pieces of their ship to fall off.
 
Flying a helicopter at any altitude over 500 feet is considered reckless and should be avoided. Flying a helicopter at any altitude or condition that precludes a landing in less than 20 seconds is considered outright foolhardy. Remember in a helicopter you have about 1 second to lower the collective in an engine failure before it becomes unrecoverable. Once you've failed this maneuver the machine flies about as well as a 20 case Coke machine. Even a perfectly executed autorotation only gives you a glide ratio slightly better than that of a brick. 180 degree autorotations are a violent and aerobatic maneuver in my opinion and should be avoided.
 
When your wings are leading, lagging, flapping, precessing and moving faster than your fuselage there's something unnatural going on. Is this the way men were meant to fly?
 
While hovering, if you start to sink a bit, you pull up on the collective w hile wisting the throttle, push with your left foot (more torque) and move the stick left (more translating tendency) to hold your spot. If you now need to stop rising, you do the opposite in that order. Sometimes in wind you do this many times each second. Don't you think that's a strange way to fly?
 
For Helicopters: You never want to feel a sinking feeling in your gut (low "g" pushover) while flying a two bladed under slung teetering rotor system. You are about to do a snap-roll to the right and crash. For that matter, any remotely aerobatic maneuver should be avoided in a Huey. Don't push your luck. It will run out soon enough anyway.
 
If everything is working fine on your helicopter consider yourself temporarily lucky. Something is about to break.
 
Way back while I was flying Huey gunships in Vietnam, Harry Reasoner wrote the following about helicopter pilots: "The thing is, helicopters are different from planes. An airplane by its nature wants to fly, and if not interfered with too strongly by unusual events or by a deliberately incompetent pilot, it will fly. A helicopter does not want to fly. It is maintained in the air by a variety of forces and controls working in opposition to each other, and if there is any disturbance in this delicate balance the helicopter stops flying; immediately and disastrously.
There is no such thing as a gliding helicopter.
 
"This is why being a helicopter pilot is so different from being an airplane pilot, and why in generality, airplane pilots are open, clear-eyed, buoyant extroverts and helicopter pilots are brooding introspective anticipators of trouble.
 
They know if something bad has not happened it is about to. " Having said all this, I will also tell you that flying in a helicopter is one of the most satisfying and exhilarating experiences I have ever enjoyed.
 
What I miss most is skimming over the trees at 100 knots + in a light observation helicopter.
 
And remember the fighter pilot's prayer:
"Lord I pray for the eyes of an eagle, the heart of a lion and the balls of a combat helicopter pilot."
 
Many years later I know that it was sometimes anything but fun, but now it is something to brag about for those of us who survived the experience.
 
Basic Helicopter Flying Rules:
1. Try to stay in the middle of the air.
2. Do not go near the edges of it.
3. The edges of the air can be recognized by the appearance of ground, buildings, sea, trees and interstellar space. It is much more difficult to fly there.
 
By: Unknown
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Thanks to Dutch R.
 
 
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Thanks to Chuck
50 years ago, a B-52 crashed in Greenland ... with 4 nuclear bombs on board
 
 
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Thanks to Glen
from a P-3 driver and squadron CO.
Well….. you may know that the P-3 and the C-130 share the same engine//propeller system.  And I have used the uniqueness of this engine/prop combination in similar ways as related in the story below while operating a P-3.
In Europe and particularly in Norway and Iceland, 'lollipop' parking pads are common and used primarily for fighters that have a small wingspan and landing gear spread.  In the P-3 we were occasionally asked or required to use a lollipop for parking.  Entering nose first would not work base on our turning radius so we would line up with the tail pointing into the lollipop, drop 3 crewmembers to the ramp via the centerline hydraulic service center hatch to act as spotters and then we would back the aircraft using reverse into the lollipop and then shut down.  The real key here was that the pilot had to drop his boots to the deck, clear of the rudders and brakes.  This was done to short circuit the urge to use the brakes while the aircraft was backing up.  If the brakes were used while moving in reverse the plane was likely to rotate around the main mounts and the tail would rather quickly hit the ground.  I performed this maneuver several dozen times.  Never quite got comfortable with not being able to see where the aircraft was going. 
Similarly, the reverse capability of the props could be used to stop the aircraft very quickly, especially at light weights.  On two occasions, I landed and stopped the aircraft in less than 1,000 feet of runway (800 feet or less from touchdown to stop) on very short overseas runways.  And no blown tires.  Always exciting.
Buddy start was a taught and discussed procedure but not one we practiced.  I did use it once in the Cape Verdi Islands on a detachment where I was the aircraft being started.  Pretty amazing.  By the time we had enough prop wash from the aircraft in front of us to spin our engine it felt like we were in a washing machine. 
On several occasions I did a 'windmill start' when a starter was busted.  We would start 3 engines, head for the runway, perform an aborted takeoff at ~ 110 knots and during the acceleration and abort the engineer would start the dead engine.  Not too remarkable but it always drew and audience.
An amazing power plant combination.  The plane sipped fuel at low altitude on stations.  But when we needed more on-station time we would frequently loiter one engine and then go to two engine loiter when the aircraft weight was right.  I have one flight in my log book where fuel was so low that we started the #1 engine on final after the gear was down only for use in the event we needed it for wave off.  That flight was logged at 15.7 hours but I think the #1 engine only got ~ 3.5 hours of engine time.
Fortunately, none of the above events happened while taking ground fire like the guys below.  That would have made for a damp seat cushion.
Oh how I miss those days.
        Thanks for forwarding.     
 
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Item Number:1 Date: 01/26/2018 CAMEROON - GUNMEN CROSS NIGERIAN FRONTIER TO ATTACK BORDER POST, POLICE SAY (JAN 26/REU)  REUTERS -- Gunmen have attacked Cameroonian security personnel at the Ekok border post in the western part of the country, reports Reuters.   Security officials who witnessed the incident on Thursday said the attackers launched the early morning assault from Nigeria.   "They came from Nigeria and there were many of them. They had heavy weapons. They had grenades. They were shooting everywhere," said one witness.   Several people were injured in the attack, witnesses said, without providing details. Two vehicles were destroyed in the three-hour battle.   Nigerian forces spotted armed men on the Cameroonian side of their shared border, said a Nigerian military spokesman. He denied that they had crossed into or from Nigeria.   Militants in Cameroon's English-speaking northwest and southwest have launched sporadic attacks on security forces. Most Cameroonians speak French. Some Anglophones in the country complain of discrimination.   Cameroon has accused Nigeria of sheltering the militants, who are fighting to establish an independent state for the Anglophone community, noted Reuters.  
 Item Number:2 Date: 01/26/2018 GEORGIA - DEFENSE MINISTRY PLANS UPDATES TO MILITARY RESERVE SYSTEM (JAN 26/AGENDA)  AGENDA -- The Georgian Ministry of Defense is looking at ways to improve its military reserve system, reports Agenda (Georgia).   The proposed reforms include a voluntary active reserve system based on five-year contracts. Personnel called up for service will retain their civilian job and salary.   The active reserve force will be divided into three categories. The armed forces reserve will involve troops that can be immediately brought into service as required.   Territorial reserves will be available to provide support at specific geographic locations.   A special reserve force will provide capabilities for specific challenges, such as cybersecurity.   A separate mobilization reserve will be compulsory and is designed to strengthen the military, officials said. All of those between the ages of 18 and 60 will be entered into an electronic database and may be called up for service as required
Item Number:3 Date: 01/26/2018 GERMANY - BERLIN POSTPONES DECISION ON TURKISH TANK MODERNIZATION PROGRAM (JAN 26/YENI)  YENI SAFAK -- The German interim government has deferred a decision on the planned modernization of Turkey's Leopard 2 tanks, reports Yeni Safak (Istanbul).   German Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel pledged to move forward with the upgrade program and joint production of fighter jet ammunition during a meeting with his Turkish counterpart, Mevlut Cavusoglu, earlier this month.   Following a meeting with Chancellor Angela Merkel, Gabriel revised his statement, announcing the halt of the sale.   Cavsoglu emphasized that a meeting regarding the project was postponed and that there was no suspension or cancellation of the deal.   Merkel indicated that any final decision regarding the deal would be made by Germany's new coalition government, which has not yet been formed.   Turkey's use of the Leopard 2 tanks in operations against Kurdish forces in northern Syria has spurred a debate in Germany on the approval of arms exports, noted Reuters.  
Item Number:4 Date: 01/26/2018 IRAN - TEHRAN CEASES HARASSMENT OF NAVAL VESSELS IN GULF OVER LAST 5 MONTHS (JAN 26/WSJ)  WALL STREET JOURNAL -- Iranian naval forces have stopped using fast boats to harass U.S. naval vessels in the Persian Gulf, according to U.S. officials cited by the Wall Street Journal.   Over the last two years, small craft, usually outfitted with .50-caliber machine guns and rocket launchers, would pass close to U.S. vessels in narrow waterways. There has not been such an incident for the last five months.   Iranian crew have also directed spotlights at U.S. ships and aircraft, potentially blinding pilots, U.S. military officials said.   The boats are often piloted by the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), the elite military unit that reports directly to Ayatollah Khamenei, Iran's supreme leader.   "I hope it's because we have messaged our readiness รข€¦ and that it isn't tolerable or how professional militaries operate," Army Gen. Joseph Votel, head of U.S. Central Command, told reporters.   Iranian officials did not immediately comment on the matter
Item Number:5 Date: 01/26/2018 IRAQ - COALITION OF IRAN-BACKED MILITIAS EYE PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS (JAN 26/LWJ)  LONG WAR JOURNAL -- A number of Iran-backed militias have announced a political coalition ahead of Iraq's parliamentary elections in May, reports the Long War Journal, a project of the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies that focuses on extremism and terrorism.   The new coalition, called al Fatah al Mubin (Manifest Victory), is led byHadi al Ameri, a current legislator and head of the Badr militia.   Ameri has close ties to the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) and the leader of the IRGC's elite Quds Force, Qassem Sulaimani.   The new coalition leans heavily towards political parties backed by Iran-supported militias, many part of Iraq's Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF). Among them are Al Sadiqoun, affiliated with Asaib Ahl al Haq; Jihad wal Bana Movement, affiliated with the Jihad Companies and Iraqi Hezbollah; Islamic Taliyah Party, affiliated with the Khorasani Companies; the Muntasirun (Victorious) Bloc, affiliated with the Seyyed al Shuhada Brigades; Professionals for Construction Party, affiliated with the Al-Imam Ali Brigades; Al Ataa wal Sidq [Giving and Honesty] Movement, affiliated with Ansar Allah al Awfiya; and the Islamic Movement in Iraq, affiliated with the Junud al Imam Brigades.   Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi announced an alliance with the coalition on Jan. 14, noted Long War Journal. Popular sentiment, however, pushed the parties to separate.   Tehran is expected to use all of its tools, including this political coalition, to expand its influence on the Iraqi government, said analysts.  
  Item Number:6 Date: 01/26/2018 NORTH KOREA - PYONGYANG CONTINUES TO EXPORT COAL IN VIOLATION OF U.N. BAN (JAN 26/REU)  REUTERS -- North Korea has shipped coal to Russia in order to bypass U.N. sanctions, reports Reuters.   The banned coal was then sold in Japan and South Korea, despite a prohibition on North Korean coal exports passed by the U.N. Security Council on Aug. 5, 2017.   Since the imposition of the ban, North Korea has on at least three occasions shipped coal to the Russian ports of Nakhodka and Kholmsk, said three Western intelligence officials. There, the coal was reloaded onto new ships and delivered to South Korea and Japan.   Most of the ships that made their way to Japanese and South Korean ports were operated by Chinese companies, reported Reuters. The vessels bypassed sanctions by listing North Korea as their destination, but instead headed to other locations.   More than 40,000 tons of coal was smuggled in three trips between August and October 2017.   Multiple officials told the news agency that the practice had not stopped.   "Nakhoda is becoming a transhipping hub for North Korean coal," said a European security source.   On Jan. 24, the U.S. sanctioned the owner of one of the ships, the UAL Ji Bong 6, for delivering North Korean coal to Kholmsk on Sept. 5.   Russia has denied purchasing or transferring any North Korean coal and says it is in full compliance with the U.N. decision.   China is sincere in its desire that all follow the U.N. resolutions fully and will take action against violators, said a Foreign Ministry spokeswoman.  
  Item Number:7 Date: 01/26/2018 PAKISTAN - SCORES OF BALUCH SEPARATISTS SURRENDER WEAPONS IN TURBAT (JAN 26/DAWN)  DAWN -- More than 200 Baluch separatists have laid down their weapons in a ceremony in Turbat in southern Baluchistan, reports the Dawn (Pakistan).   Abdul Quddus Bizenjo, the chief minister for Baluchistan province, Lt. Gen. Asim Saleem Bajwa, the Southern Command chief and other senior civil and military officials participated in Thursday's event.   Most of the militants were linked to the outlawed Baluch Liberation Front, said provincial government sources.   Fifteen key commanders were reportedly among those who turned themselves in.   The surrender ceremony was part of a reconciliation process initiated by the previous chief minister of Baluchistan. An estimated 1,800 militants have laid down their weapons as part of the program, officials said.   Baluch separatists have been demanding more autonomy and control over gas and mineral resources. Militants frequently target security forces and police in the province.  
  Item Number:8 Date: 01/26/2018 RUSSIA - DEAL INKED FOR MODERNIZED BLACKJACK BOMBERS (JAN 26/INT-AVN)  INTERFAX-MILITARY NEWS AGENCY -- The Russian Defense Ministry has signed a contract with Tupolev for modernized Tu-160M2 strategic bombers, reports Interfax-AVN (Russia).   The deal, inked on Thursday at the Kazan Aviation Plant in the presence of President Vladimir Putin, covers the construction of 10 aircraft. Each jet is expected to cost about US$266 million.   Moscow decided to resume production of a modernized variant of the bomber in 2015.   Upgrades include a new computerized control system; cockpit and navigation equipment; onboard communication system; radar; and electronic countermeasure equipment, reported Russia's Tass news agency. Engine and fuel consumption improvements will also be implemented.  
 Item Number:9 Date: 01/26/2018 SOMALIA - AL-SHABAAB REMAINS A THREAT DESPITE DEFEATS, SAYS U.N. REPRESENTATIVE (JAN 26/VOA)  VOICE OF AMERICA NEWS -- The top U.N. official for Somalia says the Al-Shabaab terrorist group there is in decline, reports the Voice of America News.   "Al-Shabab remains a potent threat, despite -- or perhaps precisely because -- it is on the back foot as a result of financial pressures, counterterrorism operations and airstrikes," Michael Keating told the Security Council on Wednesday.   Defeating the group will require both a military and political strategy and significant efforts to address the problems that militants exploit, such as corruption and the lack of jobs and educational opportunities for young people, he said.   The African Union peacekeeping mission in Somalia (AMISOM) will continue to be essential to defeating Al-Shabaab, he said. "Premature drawdown of AMISOM forces will be a gift to Al-Shabab and risks undermining the gains that have been made, at great human and financial cost, over the last decade," said Keating.   At the same time, Somali security forces need to prepare to gradually take on more responsibility, because the AMISOM mission is not indefinitely viable, Keating acknowledged.   Abukar Dahir Osma, Somalia's U.N. envoy, urged the Security Council to ease the arms embargo on the country to assist with the development of the nation's security forces.  
Item Number:10 Date: 01/26/2018 TURKEY - OPERATION OLIVE BRANCH MAY EXTEND TO IRAQ, ERDOGAN SAYS (JAN 26/BBC)  BRITISH BROADCASTING CORP. -- President Recep Tayyip Erdogan says Turkey is prepared to fight Kurdish militias all the way to the Iraqi border, reports BBC News.   At a meeting of the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) in Ankara on Friday, Erdogan said Turkey is prepared expand Operation Olive Branch "until there is no terrorist on our border leading to Iraq."   The president reiterated his government's intention to shift operations to Manbij after the mission in Afrin is completed. Both cities in northern Syria are controlled by Kurdish militias that Turkey considers terrorist groups. Manbij is about 60 miles (100 km) east of Afrin in Kurdish-held territory.   Afrin is controlled by the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG). Manbij is also under the control of Kurdish militias. American troops have been stationed in Manbij since 2016, when Kurdish forces ejected the Islamic State from the city.   Washington has warned Ankara not to expand the fight into areas with U.S. soldiers and called the operation a distraction from the fight against the Islamic State terrorist group.   A senior officer in the Free Syrian Army told Yeni Safak (Turkey) that the logistics for the operation in Manbij are complete, with a more than 10,000-strong force of Turks and Syrians ready to go.   Turkey announced Operation Olive Branch on Jan. 20. The aim, officials said, is to clear a 30-km (19-mile) buffer zone along the Turkish border of "terrorists" and occupy the area with Syrian rebels friendly to Ankara.   The operation was spurred by a U.S. announcement of an intended border force along the Syrian-Turkish frontier composed mostly of Kurdish fighters loyal to the U.S. Ankara does not distinguish between Syrian Kurdish militants and the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), a secessionist terrorist group
Item Number:11 Date: 01/26/2018 UNITED KINGDOM - MOSCOW TARGETING CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE, SAYS DEFENSE MINISTER (JAN 26/THTEL)  THE TELEGRAPH -- Russia is researching Britain's critical infrastructure, including energy supplies, in preparation for potential attacks that could cause thousands of deaths, the U.K. Defense Secretary has told the Daily Telegraph (U.K.).   In an interview published on Friday, Gavin Williamson said that Russia should not be considered a rational foe. The Kremlin, he said, is willing to take action "that any other nation would see as completely unacceptable."   Instead of regular military operations, Williamson said Russia's goal is to sow panic and discord, targeting infrastructure and the economy.   Russian intelligence has been surveilling undersea connectors that provide gas and electricity for millions, the defense secretary alleged.   Williamson's interview coincides with a request from the British army for more funding to compete with Russia in all forms of warfare, reported Business Insider.   The head of the National Cybersecurity Center, Ciaran Martin, said earlier in the week that Russia had stepped up attacks against the U.K.'s media, telecommunications and energy sectors over the last year, reported BBC News
Item Number:12 Date: 01/26/2018 UNITED NATIONS - PEACEKEEPING MISSIONS MUST ADAPT TO NEW THREATS, SAYS U.N. PEACEKEEPING CHIEF (JAN 26/UNNS)  UNITED NATIONS NEWS SERVICE -- The head of peacekeeping operations for the United Nations has called on the Security Council and other member states to do more to help protect peacekeepers and the populations they serve, reports the U.N. News Service.   "We are being attacked by the armed groups who are looting, killing, raping and they have no interest in peaceful solution," Jean-Pierre Lacroix, the undersecretary-general for peacekeeping operations, told reporters in New York on Wednesday.   "So, it is because we have these very different dangerous environments that we have to change," Lacroix said.   The peacekeeping chief called for the deployment of troops that are well-trained, well-equipped and have the right mindset for the missions. Such forces will help reduce casualties and better facilitate the implementation of U.N. mission mandates.   The U.N. on Tuesday published a report into the causes of increased peacekeeping casualties caused by violence in recent years and potential options to reduce these numbers.   The rise of various armed groups, extremists, organized crime and other criminal elements, means the U.N. flag no longer offers "natural" protection to peacekeepers, says the report.   To reduce casualties, the plan calls for focusing on operational behavior and mindset; capacity building and readiness; and support issues.   Since 2013, there have been 195 peacekeeper deaths due to violent attacks, more than in any other five-year period in U.N. history.  
  Item Number:13 Date: 01/26/2018 USA - HERSHEL WILLIAMS EXPEDITIONARY SEA BASE WRAPS UP SEA TRIALS (JAN 26/NAVSEA)  NAVAL SEA SYSTEMS COMMAND -- For the first time, one of the U.S. Navy's expeditionary sea bases has completed integrated sea trials, reports the Naval Sea Systems Command.   The Hershel "Woody" Williams (T-ESB 4), the second expeditionary sea base in Navy service, completed the combined builder's and acceptance trials on Jan. 19, said a NAVSEA release on Jan. 23.   During the trials, the shipbuilder performed comprehensive tests to demonstrate the workings of all major ship systems.   The tests covered full power propulsion, steering and anchoring, among others, officials said.   The expeditionary sea bases are optimized to support a range of maritime missions, including special operations and airborne mine countermeasures.   The ships are built around four core capabilities: aviation facilities; berthing; equipment staging support; and command-and-control.   The third sea base, Miguel Keith (ESB 5) is scheduled for keel-laying on Jan. 30 at the NASSCO shipyard in San Diego
Item Number:14 Date: 01/26/2018 USA - TREASURY DEPT. ANNOUNCES ANOTHER ROUND OF SANCTIONS ON N. KOREA (JAN 26/TREASURY)  U.S. TREASURY DEPT. -- The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC), part of the Dept. of the Treasury, has implemented sanctions against nine entities, 16 individuals and six commercial ships in relation to North Korea's weapons of mass destruction programs and violation of U.N. Security Council resolutions, reports the Treasury Dept.   The measures, announced on Jan. 24, target agents of the Kim Jong Un regime involved in financing or otherwise supporting Pyongyang's weapons of mass destruction programs and other illegal businesses.   Those sanctioned have any property or interests in property in the possession or control of U.S. persons or within the U.S. blocked and U.S. persons are prohibited from dealing with them.   The OFAC designated 10 representatives of the Korea Ryonbong General Corp., which specializes in acquisition for North Korean defense industries and support for Pyongyang's military related sales.   The office also designated five people linked to North Korean financial networks.   The China-based Beijing Chengxing Trading Co. Ltd. and Dandong Jinxiang Trade Co., Ltd., were sanctioned for exporting goods to North Korea, including firms blacklisted by the U.N. and U.S.   North Korea's Hana Electronics, one of the countries only electronics companies, was also designated, said the Treasury release.   Five North Korean shipping firms were also sanctioned
  Item Number:15 Date: 01/26/2018 USA - UPTICK IN AIRCRAFT MISHAPS DUE IN PART TO INSUFFICIENT FLIGHT HOURS FOR PILOTS, SAYS MARINE COMMANDANT (JAN 26/TASK)  TASK AND PURPOSE -- A lack of sufficient flying hours for Marine pilots was a major factor in the increase in major accidents in 2017, according to the Marine Corps commandant, as cited by Task and Purpose.   The Marine Corps suffered 12 Class A mishaps last year. Such incidents result in loss of life or material damage in excess of $2 million.   "Flying is a high-risk thing, but that doesn't mean that the people that were involved with this -- that they were where we needed them to be as far as hours and time," Gen. Robert Neller said on Thursday during an event at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in Washington, D.C.   Accidents between December 2016 and August 2017 killed 19 Marines and one sailor, noted Task and Purpose.   The majority of the incidents "were not the result of the material condition of the airplane," Neller said.   Neller emphasized the importance of pilots racking up more flight hours. Congress also needs to pass a budget and guarantee stable funding, he said
Item Number:16 Date: 01/26/2018 YEMEN - COALITION OPERATION AIMS TO LOOSEN HOUTHI GRIP ON TAIZ (JAN 26/XIN)  XINHUA -- Yemeni government forces backed by the Saudi-led coalition have launched a wide-scale military operation against Houthi rebels in the southwestern province of Taiz, reports China's Xinhua news agency.   The operation, which began on Thursday, is focused in the western part of the province, with the goal of breaking the Houthi-imposed siege on the capital city, also called Taiz, an army official told the news outlet.   Planes from the Saudi-led coalition supporting the government forces are providing air cover for the operations, he said.   The operation will continue until the rebel fighters are pushed out of the province entirely, an unnamed source told the news agency.   Witnesses in Taiz reported heavy shelling in residential areas, which they blamed on the Houthis. Ten people were injured, residents said.   The coalition is fighting on behalf of internationally-recognized President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi against Houthi rebels, supported by Iran. The Houthis, who hail from Yemen's north, have controlled areas around the capital and Taiz for much of the war.
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