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Tuesday, January 23, 2018

TheList 4640




To All,
I hope that your week has started well
Regards,
Skip
This Day In Naval History – January 23, 2018
Jan. 23
1795 - U.S. Navy Office of Purveyor of Supplies is established. This is the Navy Supply Corps Birthday.
1854—The sloop-of-war Germantown captures the slaver R.P. Brown off Porto Praya.
1919 - Launching of Osmond Ingram (DD-255), first Navy ship named for an enlisted man
1943—Submarine Guardfish (SS 217) sinks the Japanese destroyer Hakaze off New Ireland.
1944 - Carrier groups under Spruance attack Saipan, Tinian and Rota in the Marianas
1945 - Marines and a Navy corpsman raise flag on Mt. Suribachi, Iwo Jima
1945—Three US Navy destroyer escorts, Corbesier (DE 438), Conklin (DE 439) and Raby (DE 698) sink the Japanese submarine I-48 off Yap Island, Caroline Islands.
1960—The Bathyscaph "Trieste" descends on a nine hour journey seven miles to the deepest part of the world's oceans, Challenger Deep, located at the southern end of the Mariana Trench.
1968—USS Pueblo (AGER 2) is seized by North Korean forces in Sea of Japan. The crew is released on Dec. 23, 1968.
 
February 23
303
Emperor Diocletian orders the general persecution of Christians in Rome.
1516
The Hapsburg Charles I succeeds Ferdinand in Spain.
1540
Spanish explorer Francisco Vasquez de Coronado begins his unsuccessful search for the fabled Seven Cities of Gold in the American Southwest.
1574
The 5th War of Religion breaks out in France.
1615
The Estates-General in Paris is dissolved, having been in session since October 1614.
1778
Baron von Steuben joins the Continental Army at Valley Forge.
1821
Poet John Keats dies of tuberculosis at the age of 25.
1836
The Alamo is besieged by Santa Anna.
1846
The Liberty Bell tolls for the last time, to mark George Washington's birthday.
1847
Forces led by Zachary Taylor defeat the Mexicans at the Battle of Buena Vista.
1854
Great Britain officially recognizes the independence of the Orange Free State.
1861
Texas becomes the seventh state to secede from the Union.
1885
John Lee survives three attempts to hang him in Exeter Prison, as the trap fails to open.
1898
Writer Emile Zola is imprisoned in France for his letter J'accuse in which he accuses the French government of anti-semitism and the wrongful imprisonment of army captain Alfred Dreyfus.
1901
Britain and Germany agree on a boundary between German East Africa and Nyasaland.
1904
Japan guarantees Korean sovereignty in exchange for military assistance.
1916
Secretary of State Lansing hints that the U.S. may have to abandon the policy of avoiding "entangling foreign alliances".
1921
An airmail plane sets a record of 33 hours and 20 minutes from San Francisco to New York.
1926
President Calvin Coolidge opposes a large air force, believing it would be a menace to world peace.
1936
In Russia, an unmanned balloon rises to a record height of 25 miles.
1938
Twelve Chinese fighter planes drop bombs on Japan.
1942
A Japanese submarine shells an oil refinery near Santa Barbara, California, the first Axis bombs to hit American soil.
1944
American bombers strike the Marianas Islands bases, only 1,300 miles from Tokyo.
1945
Eisenhower opens a large offensive in the Rhineland.
1945
U.S. Marines plant an American flag atop Mount Suribachi on Iwo Jima.
1946
Japanese General Tomoyuki Yamashita is hanged in Manila, the Philippines, for war crimes.
1947
Several hundred Nazi organizers are arrested in Frankfurt by U.S. and British forces.
1950
New York's Metropolitan Museum exhibits a collection of Hapsburg art. The first showing of this collection in the U.S.
1954
Mass innoculation begins as Salk's polio vaccine is given to children for first time.
1955
Eight nations meet in Bangkok for the first SEATO council.
1960
Whites join Negro students in a sit-in at a Winston-Salem, N.C. Woolworth store.
1964
The U.S. and Britain recognize the new Zanzibar government.
1967
American troops begin the largest offensive of the war, near the Cambodian border.
1972
Black activist Angela Davis is released from jail where she was held for kidnapping , conspiracy and murder.
1991
French forces unofficially start the Persian Gulf ground war by crossing the Saudi-Iraqi border.
 
1957
 
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Thanks to Robert….an ounce of prevention can avoid it
Boiling water in the microwave
I went to Google "boing water in a microwave" and it is true but very unlikely to happen. There are specific circumstances and simple precautions to avoid it…..skip
A 26-year old man decided to have a cup of coffee. He took a cup of water and put it in the microwave to heat it up (something that he had done numerous times before). I am not sure how long he set the timer for, but he wanted to bring the water to a boil. When the timer shut the oven off, he removed the cup from the oven. As he looked into the cup, he noted that the water was not boiling, but suddenly the water in the cup 'blew up' into his face. The cup remained intact until he threw it out of his hand, but all the water had flown out into his face due to the build-up of energy . His whole face is blistered and he has 1st and 2nd degree burns to his face which may leave scarring.
He also may have lost partial sight in his left eye. While at the hospital, the doctor who was attending to him stated that this is a fairly common occurrence and water (alone) should never be heated in a microwave oven. If water is heated in this manner, something should be placed in the cup to diffuse the energy such as a wooden stir stick, tea bag, etc, (nothing metal).
General Electric's Response:
Thanks for contacting us; I will be happy to assist you. The e-mail that you received is correct. Microwaved water and other liquids do not always bubble when they reach boiling point. They can actually get superheated and not bubble at all. The superheated liquid will bubble up out of the cup when it is moved or when something like a spoon or tea bag is put into it.
To prevent this from happening and causing injury, do not heat any liquid for more than two minutes per cup. After heating, let the cup stand in the microwave for thirty seconds before moving it or adding anything into it.
Here is what a local high school science teacher had to say on the matter: 'Thanks for the microwave warning. I have seen this happen before. It is caused by a phenomenon known as super heating. It can occur any time water is heated and will particularly occur if the vessel that the water is heated in is new, or when heating a small amount of water (less than half a cup).
What happens is that the water heats faster than the vapor bubbles can form. If the cup is very new, then it is unlikely to have small surface scratches inside it that provide a place for the bubbles to form. As the bubbles cannot form and release some of the heat that has built up, the liquid does not boil, and the liquid continues to heat up well past its boiling point.
What then usually happens is that the liquid is bumped or jarred, which is just enough of a shock to cause the bubbles to rapidly form and expel the hot liquid. The rapid formation of bubbles is also why a carbonated beverage spews when opened after having been shaken.
If you pass this on, you could very well save someone from a lot of pain and suffering.
Robert
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Thanks to THE Bear
 
Dutch... Two pictures from the front page 2 Feb 68 New York Times... the first is one of the most famous and acclaimed photos of all time— a Pulitzer Prize winner— it depicts the National Police Chief executing a Vietcong terrorist in the streets of Saigon. Rarely if ever noticed is the companion picture on the same NYT front page... it depicts a South Vietnamese army officer holding one of the members of his slain family in the first day of the Tet Offensive... the perpetrators of hundreds of murders, including the officer's family, included this vermin... tragically, the picture in the hands of news editors presents the good guys as evil and the bad guys as victims... this picture of a murdering  terrorist receiving his just reward is judged to have had measurable negative impact on American and world opinion..... Bear
 
 


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With our thanks to THE Bear at http://www.rollingthunderremembered.com/
 
ROLLING THUNDER REMEMBERED… 23 JANUARY 1968… USS PUEBLO GETS A NEW HOME PORT–WONSAN, NORTH KOREA…
January 23, 2018  Bear Taylor  
RIPPLE SALVO… #689…THE WHITE HOUSE ON THE DAY OF THE PUEBLO SEIZURE…
A few minutes before 1P.M. on a cloudy Tuesday 23 January 1968 in Washington, with rain showers adding a dash of gloom, the Wise Men in the Johnson Administration were gathering for the Tuesday Lunch Bunch. As outgoing Secretary of State McNamara and incoming Sec. Def Clark Clifford took their seats Secretary McNamara couldn't resist rattling Mr. Clifford's new cage. "Clark, this is what it's like on a typical day. We had an inadvertent intrusion into Cambodia. We lost a B-52 with 4 H-bombs aboard. We had an intelligence ship captured by the North Vietnamese." To which Mr. Clifford asked, "May I leave now."...
The New York Times Head Lines:   "CAMBODIANS REPORT FINDING GEAR LEFT BEHIND BY U.S. RANGERS"…… "B-52 WITH H-BOMBS PLUNGES INTO ICE IN GREENLAND BAY–NO DANGER OF EXPLOSION, U.S. SAYS, SINCE THE FOUR WEAPONS WERE DISARMED–CO-PILOT DIES IN CRASH–6 OTHERS SAVED AS PILOT ORDERS PLANE ABANDONED AFTER FIRE BREAKS OUT ONBOARD"…… "NORTH KOREA SEIZES NAVY SHIP; HOLDS 83 ON BOARD AS U.S. SPIES; ENTERPRISE IS ORDERED TO AREA–4 CREWMEN HURT–RUSK SAYS EFFORTS ARE UNDERWAY TO OBTAIN VESSELS RELEASE"…. but first…
Good Morning: Day SIX HUNDRED EIGHTY-NINE of a remembrance of the years of Operation Rolling Thunder...
23 JANUARY 1968… In lieu of additional New York Times headlines, Humble Host offers an opportunity to spend the day in the White House, so to speak. I have tapped into two steams —VIETNAM and PUEBLO INCIDENT– of State Department, Office of the Historian, Historical Documents, that summarize the dramatic action 'at the highest levels" when a serious national security incident occurs. The seizure of the Pueblo was such an incident. Each of seven documents I have selected is introduced with a one or two-liner. These documents were super-sensitive fifty years ago but are now available on-line.
(1) Document 22. Notes of President's Meeting at 8:30 A.M. in the "Johnson Library" with the Democratic Leadership. The President provides his old cronies from the Senate — Vice President Humphrey and Senators Mansfield, Long, McCormack and Albert — a rundown on Pueblo capture, the Cambodia incident, and a howgozit on the Vietcong/North Vietnamese "short-term surge."… Read at…
(2) Document 212. Telegram From Secretary Rusk to the Ambassador in the Embassy in the Soviet Union. ("Literally Eyes Only for Ambassador") Rusk is providing instructions to his man in Moscow with a copy to the American Ambassador in Seoul. A footnote explains why the time line for the incident took weeks to develop… Read at…
(3) Document 23. Notes of National Security Meeting at 12:58 P.M. including the President, Secretaries Rusk and McNamara, Mr. Clifford, Sec Def in Waiting, General Wheeler, CIA Director Helms, the President's National Security Advisor Walt Rostow, Tom Christian, trusted aide, and Tom Johnson (scribe)–The Tuesday Lunch Bunch. (On this day there would be no selecting targets in North Vietnam.) This is the first of two documents that summarize this hour and a half meeting. While a wide range of subjects are discussed, Pueblo and Khesanh standout. Especially Khesanh. Note the President's high interest in Khesanh, which he has vowed will not be another Dienbienphu. In fact, he made every one of the members of the JCS sign off that victory was the only possible outcome. This explains why every possible strike mission in Southeast Asia was fragged for Khesanh. Read at…
(4) Document 213. Additional notes of same meeting with content of notes limited to the Pueblo seizure… Read at…
(5) Document 214. Telegram from Commander-in-Chief, United Nations Command to CINCPAC, Admiral Sharp, that alerts Admiral Sharp, the JCS, DOD, Sec Sate, DIA and the White House that President Park of South Korea is a little upset about an F-105 coming into South Korea and the arrival of the Enterprise, among other indicators, without prior knowledge of the Republic of Korea. Apparently President Park, who was in an "elevated state" due to an assassination attempt on his life, was concerned about the increased possibility of war the American moves created. As he should be… Looks like somebody forgot to tell President Park "we are coming after our 83 sailors and our ship."…Read at…
https;//history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1964-68v29p1/d214
(6) Document 215. A Memorandum ("North Korean Intentions: Preliminary Assessment of the Pueblo Incident) from CIA Director Helms to Secretary Rusk that was delivered to all the attendees at the "National Security" meeting earlier in the day so that they would have the latest from CIA. Director Helms analysis holds that the Pueblo incident was tied to the earlier infiltration of South Korea to make an attempt on President Park. Humble Host is sticking to his conclusion that it was a move to support the Tet Offensive by their comrades in North Vietnam. You decide…   Read at…
(7) Document 216. Telegram From Secretary of State Dean Rusk to the Ambassador in the Embassy in Seoul. Rusk gives explicit instructions for a meeting with President Park that salves his wounds by assuring the South Korean President that the US does not consider the DMZ intrusions and attempt on Park's life any less important in the building crisis than the seizure of the Pueblo. Secretary Rusk's final paragraph is a fitting summary of the situation in the Sea of Japan in January 1968. In fact, the same situation exists today with the addition of nuclear weapons in the mix. I quote:
"You should end your presentation with the following words: I have been instructed by the U.S. Government to say the following directly to you. the events of last year, and especially the last few days, have put new complexion on the situation in Korea. The North Korean regime has embarked on campaign of provocation, sabotage, and assassination in violation of the Armistice Agreement and international law. The Republic of Korea and the United States threaten no one. If the North Korea regime persists in this campaign, which can only endanger the peace of this area, the responsibility for the consequences will rest with the North Korean regime."… Read at…
AND THAT'S THE WAY IT WAS ON THIS DAY 50 YEARS AGO…
 
 
 
 
 
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Item Number:1 Date: 01/23/2018 BURMA - AGREEMENT REACHED TO BUY 6 SU-30 FIGHTERS FROM RUSSIA (JAN 23/TASS)  TASS -- The Burmese government has reached an agreement with Russia to buy six Su-30 fighters, reports Russia's Tass news agency.   The accord was finalized during a visit to Burma by Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, the Russian Defense Ministry announced on Monday.   The Su-30 will become Burma's main fighter aircraft, said Russian Lt. Gen. Alexander Fomin, the deputy defense minister.   During the Jan. 20-22 visit, Shoigu also signed an intergovernmental agreement on the streamlined entry for each country's warships in the other's ports.   The defense minister also met with Senior Gen. Min Aung Hlaing, the commander-in-chief of the Burmese armed forces
  Item Number:2 Date: 01/23/2018 CHINA - NAVY TOUTS NEW ELECTRONIC WARFARE AIRCRAFT (JAN 23/GT)  GLOBAL TIMES -- The People's Liberation Army Navy says it has deployed a "new type of electronic warfare aircraft" during recent combat maneuvers with the South China Sea Fleet, reports the Global Times.   The aircraft is a modification of the H-6 bomber, designated the H-6G, which has electronic countermeasures pods mounted under its wings.   This was the first time that the plane, developed over the last decade, played "a supporting role in the electronic warfare," reported China Central Television (CCTV) on Saturday.   The H-6G is capable of electronic jamming, suppression and anti-radiation missions, said analysts.   The aircraft features significant electronic jamming power, allowing it to cover relatively large operational areas, such as the South China Sea and East China Sea, Song Zhongping, a Chinese military expert, told the newspaper
Item Number:3 Date: 01/23/2018 INTERNATIONAL - AS ISIS FORTUNES FADE, AL-QAIDA SEEKS TO RECRUIT ITS FIGHTERS (JAN 23/GUARDIAN)  GUARDIAN -- Al-Qaida affiliates around the world are trying to recruit extremists from the Islamic State (ISIS) as the latter watches its self-declared caliphate crumble, reports the Guardian (U.K.).   Recruitment efforts began last summer, the newspaper reported on Jan. 19.   A debate between ISIS fighters and religious scholars in Algeria last August led to 10 fighters defecting to Al-Qaida.   A similar effort took place in Syria in September, the newspaper noted.   It is believed that Al-Qaida leaders have reached out to the ISIS affiliate responsible for an ambush in October that killed four U.S. Green Berets and four Nigerien soldiers.   Al-Qaida affiliates in Afghanistan and Yemen have reported similar successes in recruiting from ISIS' ranks.   Analysts cited in the report say that those defecting remain a minority of ISIS members but that the phenomenon might affect the group's strategy moving forward.   ISIS may launch attacks to maintain its status as the world's pre-eminent terror group, said the analysts.   Among the reasons that fighters cited for their defection were violence and hypocrisy by ISIS commanders and the dwindling coffers of the terrorist group
Item Number:4 Date: 01/23/2018 IRAN - KHAMENEI ORDERS MILITARY TO CUT INVOLVEMENT IN ECONOMY (JAN 23/RFARDA)  RADIO FARDA -- Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Iran's supreme leader, has ordered the military to reduce its involvement in the nation's economy, reports Radio Farda.   The move comes two weeks after widespread protests against the economic situation in Iran. At least 25 people were killed in the demonstrations and around 4,000 were arrested, noted Bloomberg News.   On Saturday, Defense Minister Amir Hatami told the state-owned daily, Iran, that Khamenei had issued an edict to the General Staff to begin work to surrender economic entities controlled by the military, but not related to their mission.   Some activities, such as the Khatam al-Anbia industrial conglomerate owned by the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC), will be retained for government-required construction work, Hatami said.   The defense minister provided no details about which businesses might be sold to the private sector, other than to say entities related to the "investment sector" were tabbed for transfer.   The project will be implemented without any involvement of the state-run Privatization Organization.   The IRGC has expanded its economic holdings in new sectors, such as financial services, over the last decade with little transparency, according to experts.   It has used its power and influence to ensure its companies obtain the most lucrative government contracts
  Item Number:5 Date: 01/23/2018 ISRAEL - PENCE CRITICIZES IRAN NUCLEAR DEAL, URGES EUROPEAN ALLIES TO ELIMINATE SUNSET PROVISIONS (JAN 23/JP)  JERUSALEM POST -- Vice President Mike Pence has criticized the Iranian nuclear deal, saying the U.S. will leave the agreement if certain provisions are not removed, reports the Jerusalem Post.   Speaking in Jerusalem on Tuesday, Pence said the U.S. would leave the deal if sunset provisions – those that only last for a certain amount of time - are not removed.   European nations need to work with the U.S. to eliminate elements of the deal that will decrease pressure on Iran with the passage of time, he said. Without this, Washington will walk away from the agreement.   "Just know that in President Trump's recent decision to announce that the waiver that he would sign on sanctions under the Iran nuclear deal would be the last one," he said.   During a speech to Israel's Parliament the day before, Pence praised President Donald Trump's recent decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital.   Plans to move the U.S. Embassy to Israel should be completed in 2019, he said.   Pence is on a tour of the Middle East. He plans to visit U.S. allies Egypt, Israel and Jordan. Several Arab leaders, including all Palestinian leaders, have refused to meet with him in protest of Trump's Jerusalem decision
Item Number:6 Date: 01/23/2018 JAPAN - MARITIME SECURITY AID HEADED TO DJIBOUTI, SRI LANKA (JAN 23/YOM)  YOMIURI SHIMBUN -- The Japanese government has announced plans to expand the assistance it provides to countries in the Indian Ocean region for maritime security, reports the Yomiuri Shimbun.   The move is part of an effort to build support for the joint Japan-U.S. "free and open Indo-Pacific Strategy," which was developed in response to China's hegemonic naval expansion.   The initial aid is earmarked for Djibouti and Sri Lanka, which are located in important sea lanes, said unnamed sources.   As part of the effort, new mobile cooperation teams from the Japanese coast guard will be dispatched to both countries later this year.   The teams will provide training on countering illegal fishing, the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea and other relevant legal matters, said the sources.   Djibouti and Sri Lanka had requested cooperation from Japan in fighting piracy and other issues. There are also concerns in Tokyo about ports being built in the two countries by China as well as other potential "footholds," the sources said.   The Japanese government is also seeking to work with India to strengthen the maritime security capacities of Indian Ocean nations
Item Number:7 Date: 01/23/2018 LIBYA - DOZENS ARRESTED IN WAKE OF AIRPORT ATTACK (JAN 23/LIBHER)  LIBYA HERALD -- One of the dominant militias in Tripoli, the Libyan capital, has announced a wave of arrests in connection to clashes near the city's airport that killed at least 20 people, reports the Libya Herald.   The Rada Special Deterrence Force announced on Monday that it had arrested 61 people and released another six, following the attack on Mitiga airport on Jan. 15.   A spokesman for Rada said that many of the arrested came from a militia based in Tajura, a town east of Tripoli. Protests against the arrests were reported. Some complained that the arrests were arbitrary and without evidence.   The leader of the 33 Brigade, which launched the assault, criticized the arrests and promised to stand up for those "oppressed and displaced," according to the Herald.   The leader, Bashir Khalfallah, also criticized the Libyan National Army, a coalition of militias led by former general Khalifa Haftar and loyal to Libya's eastern government.   Clashes broke out on Jan. 15 around the airport and an adjacent prison. Rada says the militias were trying to free ISIS and Al-Qaida-leaning militants from the prison. The claims were echoed by some officials but impossible to verify.   The airport reopened on Sunday after being closed for almost a week, noted Reuters
Item Number:8 Date: 01/23/2018 NIGERIA - NEW ISLAMIC STATE NETWORK ACTIVE IN NIGERIA, SAYS SECURITY AGENCIES (JAN 23/GUARDIAN)  GUARDIAN -- Nigerian security agencies say there is a new Islamic State-linked terrorist group active in north central and southern Nigeria, reports the Guardian (Lagos).   The Islamic State in West Africa (ISWA) employs foreign terrorists to attack communities with the goal of inflaming ethnic and religious tensions, says a report provided to President Muhammadu Buhari.   The document was produced by various security agencies, including the Dept. of State Services, Nigeria's main domestic intelligence agency.   The ISWA network was discovered following the arrest of suspected militants, including Fulani herdsmen, government-sponsored militias and others in the eastern Benue state.   Many of those arrested could only speak French and were unfamiliar with any of the Nigerian dialects, said an unnamed source.   This is the first time that security officials have confirmed the activities of the ISWA
Item Number:9 Date: 01/23/2018 THAILAND - BIKE BOMB KILLS 3 IN YALA (JAN 23/BANGPOST)  BANGKOK POST -- Three people have been killed in a bomb attack at an outdoor market in Thailand's southern Yala province, reports the Bangkok Post.   On Monday, a young man abandoned his motorcycle near a stall selling pork at a market in the Muang district, said police. When the stall's owner went to move the vehicle, it exploded, killing her, a customer and another person.   Investigations of the debris found steel rods and electronic parts. Authorities estimated that the bomb weighed about 20 kg (44 pounds).   Reports of injuries varied. The Bangkok Post reported 18 people injured, citing local medical authorities. Reuters said 22 were injured, citing security officials.   Authorities blamed an unidentified group of insurgents for the attack. An operation was underway to find them, said a spokesman for the southern branch of the Internal Security Operations Command.   There were no immediate claims of responsibility.   Thailand's southern, mostly Muslim provinces of Narathiwat, Pattani and Yala are home to a long-running insurgency
  Item Number:10 Date: 01/23/2018 TURKEY - ANKARA SEEKS IRAQI COOPERATION IN FIGHT AGAINST KURDISH GROUPS (JAN 23/HUR)  HURRIYET -- Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavasoglu announced on Sunday that his country had sought Iraqi participation in its operation against Kurdish forces in Syria, perhaps expanding the theater of battle to Iraqi soil, reports Hurriyet Daily News (Istanbul).   "One of the issues we have discussed with Iraq is a joint operation against the PKK's [Kurdistan Workers' Party] presence in Sinjar province. They told us 'PKK is no different from [ISIS], let's cooperate against this threat,'" Cavusoglu told the newspaper on his return from a visit to Baghdad on Jan. 21.   Sinjar, located in northern Iraq, has been a major base of operations for some elements of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) since losing territory in Syria and Turkey. The group has been strengthening its presence in Syria in support of Kurdish forces there, Turkish officials said.   A delegation of high-ranking U.S. officials also arrived in Ankara Monday to discuss the operation, reported China's Xinhua news agency.   Led by Deputy Assistant Secretary for European and Eurasian Affairs Jonathan Cohen, the U.S. delegation will meet with Turkish officials from the foreign ministry and officials of the Turkish General Staff on Tuesday.   The delegation will discuss Turkey's "Olive Branch" operation in northern Syria and a scandal involving U.S. consular staff
Item Number:11 Date: 01/23/2018 TURKEY - TWO TURKISH SOLDIERS DIE IN OPERATIONS AGAINST KURDISH GROUPS IN SYRIA (JAN 23/DAILYSABAH)  DAILY SABAH -- Two Turkish soldiers have been killing during operations to push out Kurdish fighters from the northern Syrian city of Afrin, reports the Daily Sabah (Turkey).   One soldier was killed by Kurdish fighters in the border town of Gulbaba, Kilis, near the fighting in Afrin, the Turkish General Staff announced Monday.   Another died on Tuesday in fighting north of the village of Umar Ushaghi, the General Staff said.   The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a monitoring group based in the U.K., said on Monday that 24 civilians had died during the operation's first two days. Twenty-five Syrian rebels fighting alongside Turkey and 26 Kurdish fighters were also killed, reported the Guardian (U.K.).   Turkey announced Operation Olive Branch on Saturday. The aim, officials said, is to clear a 30-km (19-mile) buffer zone along the Turkish border of "terrorists" and occupy the area with Syrian rebels friendly to Ankara.   President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said he intends for Turkish forces to push into Manbij, east of Afrin and a base of U.S. operations in northern Syria, noted Reuters.   The operation was spurred by a U.S. announcement of an intended border force along the Syrian-Turkish frontier composed mostly of Kurdish fighters loyal to the U.S. Ankara does not distinguish between Syrian Kurdish militants and the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), a secessionist terrorist group
  Item Number:12 Date: 01/23/2018 UNITED KINGDOM - GENERAL STAFF CHIEF URGES MORE DEFENSE SPENDING, CITING RUSSIAN THREAT (JAN 23/GUARDIAN)  GUARDIAN -- The chief of General Staff for the British armed forces says insufficient defense spending will leave the U.K. unprepared for hybrid threats, such as those posed by Russia, reports the Guardian (U.K.).   The U.K. has fallen behind Russia both in terms of defense spending and capability, Gen. Nick Carter said in a speech in London.   The general highlighted cyber attacks as a major threat to both the military and civilian life.   Possible opponents are more creative in how they exploit the gaps between peace and war, Carter warned. "We must take notice of what is going on around us or our ability to take action will be massively constrained," he said, according to an early copy of the speech. "Speed of decision making, speed of deployment and modern capability are essential if we wish to provide realistic deterrence."   Russia already has capabilities that the U.K. would struggle to match, Carter said, citing gear already in use in Syria.   The speech comes amid a Cabinet Office review of national security, including defense and the intelligence agencies. The Ministry of Defense has expressed concern that it could be facing significant cuts, since the Cabinet Office was focused on counterterrorism and the Treasury wanted more budget reductions.   The British government is expected to announce on Thursday that it is removing defense from the review for budget purposes and a new strategic defense review will be held. The last such review took place only two years ago, analysts noted
  Item Number:13 Date: 01/23/2018 USA - AIR FORCE NAMES 1-STAR GENERAL TO LEAD INVESTIGATION OF HYPOXIA EVENTS (JAN 23/AFNS)  AIR FORCE NEWS SERVICE -- The U.S. Air Force has named a one-star general to head a team to integrate and coordinate efforts to address aircrew unexplained physiologic events (UPEs), reports the Air Force News Service.   Brig. Gen. Bobbi Jo Doorenbos will lead the UPE integration team, which will serve as the focal point for Headquarters Air Force for identifying solutions to optimize human performance in tactical aviation and eliminate or minimize the effect of UPEs, the service announced on Monday.   Physiological events happen when aircrew experience symptoms that can result from a number of factors, such as hypoxia, hypocapnia, hypercapnia or disorientation.   "As part of the integrated effort to address physiological events, the Air Force is providing more resources to understand UPEs, standardize response actions to such events and assess options for more robust aircrew training to recognize and respond to these events," said Doorenbos.   Several aircraft types have had problems with hypoxia and other physiological events in recent years, noted the Military Times. In November, Davis-Monthan Air Base in Arizona grounded 28 A-10 Warthogs after two pilots experienced hypoxia-like symptoms
  Item Number:14 Date: 01/23/2018 USA - HUNTINGTON INGALLS AWARDED CONTRACT TO REPAIR DAMAGED FITZGERALD DESTROYER (JAN 23/DOD)  DEPT. OF DEFENSE -- The Naval Sea Systems Command has awarded Huntington Ingalls Industries a contract modification for repair and modernization work for the destroyer USS Fitzgerald (DDG 62), reports the Dept. of Defense.   The $125 million modification covers additional collision repairs, maintenance and modernization work.   Work under the contract will take place in Pascagoula, Miss., and is scheduled to be completed by January 2020.   The Fitzgerald collided with a Japanese cargo ship off the coast of Japan on June 17, 2017, causing significant damage. Seven enlisted sailors were killed in berthing compartments that flooded immediately after the collision.   The destroyer arrived in Pascagoula on Jan. 19 aboard the MV Transshelf heavy-lift vessel, reported the Navy.   The ship was expected to spend several days in the port of Pascagoula before being taken to its dedicated pier space at the Huntington Ingalls Industries shipyard
Item Number:15 Date: 01/23/2018 USA - NO REASON TO REVOKE SPACEX CERTIFICATION, SAYS AIR FORCE COMMANDER (JAN 23/BLOOMBERG)  BLOOMBERG NEWS -- The U.S. Air Force says it remains confident in the Space Exploration Technologies Corp. (SpaceX) despite a high-profile accident earlier this month, reports Bloomberg News.   None of the available data gave reason to revoke SpaceX's certification to participate in military missions, Lt. Gen. John Thompson, the Space and Missile Systems Center commander, said in a statement to Bloomberg.   The statement appeared to confirm claims from SpaceX that there were no obvious problems with the rocket launched during the ill-fated mission, called Zuma.   The classified launch mission occurred on Jan. 7, 2018. The Falcon 9 rocket's first stage launched successfully. However, further problems with the Zuma stopped the craft from fully launching and it burned up during re-entry, noted Ars Technica.   The announcement increases scrutiny on Northrop Grumman, which built the Zuma payload and the adapter that connected it to the Falcon 9 rocket, reported Ars Technica.   In 2015, SpaceX was certified by the Air Force to compete for military launches against the United Launch Alliance, a joint venture of Boeing and Lockheed Martin. It remains eligible to compete for 11 launches through fiscal year 2019, officials said
  Item Number:16 Date: 01/23/2018 YEMEN - DEATH TOLL MOUNTS AFTER HOUTHI MISSILE STRIKE IN TAIZ (JAN 23/MIDEEYE)  MIDDLE EAST EYE -- A Houthi rebel bombardment targeted a military ceremony in the contested province of Taiz in southwestern Yemen, killing several, reports the Middle East Eye (U.K.)   National officials and local residents alike intermingled at the event on Monday, celebrating the opening of the new al-Khayami security facility in the town of Nashma.   Reports of casualties varied. AFP reported that the six rockets were launched, killing four soldiers and five civilians. Turkey's Anadolu Agency reported 11 dead, citing military and medical sources. The pro-Damascus Al Masdar News said the strike killed 42 soldiers, citing rebel sources and outlets.   A journalist for the national Belqees TV was reportedly killed in the attack. The deputy interior minister in the internationally recognized government attending the parade, Nasser Lakhsha, escaped unharmed.   In a statement carried by the Houthi-controlled arm of the national news agency, Saba, the Houthis claimed responsibility for the attack, saying they had targeted Saudi "soldiers and mercenaries."   Al Masdar reported that the attack used a Qaher M-2 ballistic missile. The Qaher M-2 is a domestic variant of the Soviet-era S-75 Dvina.  
Item Number:17 Date: 01/23/2018 YEMEN - SAUDI COALITION AIRSTRIKES KILL 9, INCLUDING CHILDREN (JAN 23/REU)  REUTERS -- Saudi-led coalition aircraft have bombed a building in northern Yemen, killing seven people, reports Reuters.   The strike on Monday hit a medical clinic in the northern province of Saada, say locals. Five of the dead were children, witnesses said.   Five people were injured in the strike in the Sohar district of Saada, the witnesses told Reuters.   In a separate air raid nearby on Monday, two other people - a pregnant woman and her husband - were killed when a coalition attack hit a hangar and flour mill, according to a family member.   The Saudi-led coalition fighting the Houthi rebels did not comment on the allegations.
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