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Saturday, December 16, 2017

December 16th...This Day in History

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The Boston Tea Party 1773

 

In Boston Harbor, a group of Massachusetts colonists disguised as Mohawk Indians board three British tea ships and dump 342 chests of tea into the harbor.
The midnight raid, popularly known as the “Boston Tea Party,” was in protest of the British Parliament’s Tea Act of 1773, a bill designed to save the faltering East India Company by greatly lowering its tea tax and granting it a virtual monopoly on the American tea trade. The low tax allowed the East India Company to undercut even tea smuggled into America by Dutch traders, and many colonists viewed the act as another example of taxation tyranny.
When three tea ships, the Dartmouth, the Eleanor, and the Beaver, arrived in Boston Harbor, the colonists demanded that the tea be returned to England. After Massachusetts Governor Thomas Hutchinson refused, Patriot leader Samuel Adams organized the “tea party” with about 60 members of the Sons of Liberty, his underground resistance group. The British tea dumped in Boston Harbor on the night of December 16 was valued at some $18,000.
Parliament, outraged by the blatant destruction of British property, enacted the Coercive Acts, also known as the Intolerable Acts, in 1774. The Coercive Acts closed Boston to merchant shipping, established formal British military rule in Massachusetts, made British officials immune to criminal prosecution in America, and required colonists to quarter British troops. The colonists subsequently called the first Continental Congress to consider a united American resistance to the British.



(More Events on This Day in History)

  • American Revolution

  • 1773 Sons of Liberty dump British tea
  • Automotive

  • 1979 OPEC states raise oil prices
  • Civil War

  • 1863 Johnston named commander of Army of Tennessee
  • Cold War

  • 1950 Truman declares state of emergency
  • Crime

  • 1989 A terrorist bomber begins his deadly rampage
  • Disaster

  • 1960 Two airplanes collide over New York City
  • General Interest

  • 1811 Earthquake rocks the American wilderness
  • 1920 Earthquake devastates Gansu province of China
  • 1944 Battle of the Bulge begins
  • 1971 Pakistani forces defeated in Bangladesh
  • Hollywood

  • 1977 Saturday Night Fever turns Travolta into movie star
  • 2010 “Larry King Live” ends after 25 years on CNN
  • Literary

  • 1775 Jane Austen’s birthday
  • Music

  • 1893 Antonin Dvorak’s “New World Symphony” receives its world premiere in New York City
  • Old West

  • 1826 Edwards declares the Texas Republic of Fredonia
  • Presidential

  • 1998 Clinton orders air attack on Iraq
  • Sports

  • 1973 OJ Simpson rushes record 2,000 yards in a season
  • Vietnam War

  • 1965 Westmoreland asks for more troops
  • 1972 Kissinger announces that North Vietnamese left negotiations
  • World War I

  • 1914 Germans bombard English ports of Hartlepool and Scarborough
  • World War II

  • 1944 Battle of the Bulge