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Thursday, November 30, 2017

November 30th...This Day in History

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Folies Bergere stage first revue 1886

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Once a hall for operettas, pantomime, political meetings, and vaudeville, the Folies Bergère in Paris introduces an elaborate revue featuring women in sensational costumes. The highly popular “Place aux Jeunes” established the Folies as the premier nightspot in Paris. In the 1890s, the Folies followed the Parisian taste for striptease and quickly gained a reputation for its spectacular nude shows. The theater spared no expense, staging revues that featured as many as 40 sets, 1,000 costumes, and an off-stage crew of some 200 people.
The Folies Bergère dates back to 1869, when it opened as one of the first major music halls in Paris. It produced light opera and pantomimes with unknown singers and proved a resounding failure. Greater success came in the 1870s, when the Folies Bergère staged vaudeville. Among other performers, the early vaudeville shows featured acrobats, a snake charmer, a boxing kangaroo, trained elephants, the world’s tallest man, and a Greek prince who was covered in tattoos allegedly as punishment for trying to seduce the Shah of Persia’s daughter. The public was allowed to drink and socialize in the theater’s indoor garden and promenade area, and the Folies Bergère became synonymous with the carnal temptations of the French capital. Famous paintings by Édouard Manet and Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec were set in the Folies.
In 1886, the Folies Bergère went under new management, which, on November 30, staged the first revue-style music hall show. The “Place aux Jeunes,” featuring scantily clad chorus girls, was a tremendous success. The Folies women gradually wore less and less as the 20th century approached, and the show’s costumes and sets became more and more outrageous. Among the performers who got their start at the Folies Bergère were Yvette Guilbert, Maurice Chevalier, and Mistinguett. The African American dancer and singer Josephine Baker made her Folies debut in 1926, lowered from the ceiling in a flower-covered sphere that opened onstage to reveal her wearing a G-string ornamented with bananas.
The Folies Bergère remained a success throughout the 20th century and still can be seen in Paris today, although the theater now features many mainstream concerts and performances. Among other traditions that date back more than a century, the show’s title always contains 13 letters and includes the word “Folie.
 (More Events on This Day in History)
  • American Revolution

  • 1776 Howe brothers offer amnesty
  • Automotive

  • 1965 Unsafe at Any Speed hits bookstores
  • Civil War

  • 1864 Battle of Franklin, Tennessee
  • Cold War

  • 1981 The United States and U.S.S.R. open talks to reduce intermediate-range nuclear forces
  • Crime

  • 1989 “America’s First Female Serial Killer” strikes
  • Disaster

  • 1994 Achille Lauro sinks near Somalia
  • General Interest

  • 1874 Winston Churchill born
  • 1954 Meteorite strikes Alabama woman
  • 1993 Brady Bill signed into law
  • Hollywood

  • 2004 Jeopardy! contestant’s record winning streak ends
  • Literary

  • 1835 Mark Twain is born
  • Music

  • 1974 Elton John’s Greatest Hits hits #1
  • Old West

  • 1902 Harvey “Kid Curry” Logan sentenced
  • Presidential

  • 1950 Truman refuses to rule out atomic weapons
  • Sports

  • 1931 Football coach Bill Walsh is born
  • Vietnam War

  • 1965 McNamara warns Johnson that communists are gaining strength in South Vietnam
  • 1966 South Vietnamese draft articles for new constitution
  • 1967 McCarthy to enter Democratic presidential primary
  • 1972 White House announces no full withdrawal until final truce agreement signed
  • World War I

  • 1917 German foreign minister celebrates revolution in Russia
  • World War II

  • 1939 USSR attacks Finland