Monday, November 13, 2017

November 13th...This Day in History

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Vietnam Veterans Memorial dedicated 1982

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Near the end of a weeklong national salute to Americans who served in the Vietnam War, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington after a march to its site by thousands of veterans of the conflict. The long-awaited memorial was a simple V-shaped black-granite wall inscribed with the names of the 57,939 Americans who died in the conflict, arranged in order of death, not rank, as was common in other memorials.
The designer of the memorial was Maya Lin, a Yale University architecture student who entered a nationwide competition to create a design for the monument. Lin, born in Ohio in 1959, was the daughter of Chinese immigrants. Many veterans’ groups were opposed to Lin’s winning design, which lacked a standard memorial’s heroic statues and stirring words. However, a remarkable shift in public opinion occurred in the months after the memorial’s dedication. Veterans and families of the dead walked the black reflective wall, seeking the names of their loved ones killed in the conflict. Once the name was located, visitors often made an etching or left a private offering, from notes and flowers to dog tags and cans of beer.
The Vietnam Veterans Memorial soon became one of the most visited memorials in the nation’s capital. A Smithsonian Institution director called it “a community of feelings, almost a sacred precinct,” and a veteran declared that “it’s the parade we never got.” “The Wall” drew together both those who fought and those who marched against the war and served to promote national healing a decade after the divisive conflict’s end.

 (More Events on This Day in History)
  • American Revolution

  • 1775 Patriots take Montreal
  • Automotive

  • 1974 Karen Silkwood dies in mysterious one-car crash
  • Civil War

  • 1861 McClellan snubs Lincoln
  • Cold War

  • 1953 Indiana Textbook Commission member charges that Robin Hood is communistic
  • Crime

  • 1955 Police search John Graham’s home and find bomb-making materials
  • Disaster

  • 1970 Tidal wave ravages East Pakistan
  • General Interest

  • 1789 First presidential tour concludes
  • 1970 East Pakistan devastated by cylcone
  • 1985 The eruption of Nevado del Ruiz
  • Hollywood

  • 1955 Whoopi Goldberg born
  • Literary

  • 1850 Robert Louis Stevenson is born
  • Music

  • 1999 “Chris Gaines,” Garth Brooks’ rock alter ego, performs on Saturday Night Live
  • Old West

  • 1909 Ballinger-Pinchot scandal erupts
  • Presidential

  • 1945 Truman announces inquiry into Jewish settlement in Palestine
  • Sports

  • 1979 Darryl Dawkins breaks his first backboard
  • Vietnam War

  • 1967 President receives optimistic reports
  • 1969 “March Against Death” commences in Washington, D.C.
  • World War I

  • 1916 British statesman expresses criticism of war effort
  • World War II

  • 1941 Congress revises the Neutrality Act

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