Wednesday, November 22, 2017

TheList 4595

The List 4595
To All
A lot of history and some tidbits.
This Day In Naval History - November 22
1863—During the Civil War, the screw steam gunboat Aroostook captures schooner Eureka off Galveston, TX, which had been bound for Havana with a cargo of cotton. Also on this date, the side-wheel gunboat Jacob Bell transports and supports a troop landing at St. George's Island, MD, where some 30 Confederates, some of whom were blockade runners, are captured.
1914 - Title Director of Naval Aeronautics established.
1943—USS Frazier's (DD 607) bow is badly damaged when she intentionally rams and eventually sinks Japanese submarine I-35 off Tarawa in tandem with USS Meade (DD 602). No injuries or casualties are suffered and two days later Frazier sails for repairs at Pearl Harbor.
1944—USS Besugo (SS 321) sinks the Japanese landing ship T-151 off the northern tip of Palawan while USS Guavina (SS 362) sinks the Japanese army cargo ship Dowa Maru northwest of Borneo. 
Military Milestones from Bloody Betio to Mao's Death Warrant by  W. Thomas Smith Jr.
This Week in American Military History:
Nov. 23, 1863:  The battles of the Chattanooga campaign begin between newly appointed commander of the Western armies, Union Maj. Gen. Ulysses S.
Grant, and Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg (yes, Fort Bragg, N.C. is named in his honor).
Within days, Union Army forces will attack and capture Orchard Knob, Lookout Mountain, and the Confederate works on Missionary Ridge. The "Gateway to the Lower South" will open, and within a year, Union Gen.
William Tecumseh Sherman will pass through the "gateway" enroute to Atlanta.
Nov. 23, 1943:  Japanese-held Tarawa -- "an elongated, sharply curving chain of little islands with a heavily defended southwest tip" known to U.S. Marines as "bloody Betio" -- falls to American forces despite the boast of its defending commander, Rear Adm. Keiji Shibasaki, that "a million men could not take Tarawa in a hundred years."
In fact, it takes several thousand Marines and about 76 hours to seize Tarawa. But it is not without great cost. Marine casualties (including
sailors) number over 1,020 killed and nearly 2,300 wounded. Many are lost during the first few hours of the fighting as the landing craft are unable to get ashore, and Marines (carrying all of their equipment) are forced to wade toward the beach, stumbling over jagged coral reef for several hundred yards -- some falling into deep holes and drowning -- all the time under withering fire.
Lt. Commander Robert A. McPherson -- a Naval aviator flying above Tarawa during the battle -- will recall: "The water never seemed clear of tiny men, their rifles held over their heads, slowly wading beachwards. I wanted to cry."
Among the heroes is Col. David Monroe Shoup (future commandant of the Marine Corps) who will receive the Medal of Honor for his actions on Tarawa. At one point during the fighting, Shoup, wounded and leading his men forward, signals his superiors: "Casualties: many. Percentage dead:
unknown. Combat efficiency: we are winning."
Veterans of Tarawa also will remember red-mustachioed Maj. Jim Crowe, swagger-stick in hand, calmly strolling his embattled lines, exhorting his men to fight. "All right, Marines, try and pick out a target and squeeze off some rounds," he shouts, as bullets and hot shell fragments zing past his head. "You better kill some of those bastards or they'll kill you. You don't want to die, do you? Come on, now, let's kill some of them!"
Of the 4,836 Japanese defenders on Tarawa, 4,690 are killed, many perishing during suicidal "Banzai" charges against the Americans.
Nov. 24, 1944:  U.S. Army Air Forces B-29 bombers (111 of them) based in Saipan attack the Nakajima Aircraft engine plant near Tokyo in the first attack on the Japanese mainland since Doolittle's raid (see Apr. 18, 1942).
Nov. 27, 1950:  The Battle of Chosin Reservoir opens when the Chinese 9th Army Group -- four armies under the command of Gen. Song Shilun -- surge across the Yalu River into Korea and attack numerically inferior U.S.
Marine and Army forces.
Song has special instructions to destroy the 1st Marine Division. "The American Marine First Division has the highest combat effectiveness in the American armed forces," writes Premier Mao Tse-Tung in orders to Gen. Song.
"It seems not enough for our four divisions [sic] to surround and annihilate its two regiments. You should have one or two more divisions as a reserve force."
Moreover, orders specify that all other American and allied forces are to be eliminated to the last man.
But the Chinese will fail (see upcoming weeks).
I was walking across the Quad in the Middle of USC when someone yelled that JFK had been shot. Most of us remember where we were when that happened.
November 22
After promising to go to the aid of the Fifth Crusade within nine months, Frederick II is crowned emperor by Pope Honorius III.
New laws are passed in Spain giving Indians in America protection against enslavement.
The Austrian army defeats the Prussians at Breslau in the Seven Years War.
In New York, the Astor Place Opera House, the city's first operatic theater, is opened.
A fire causes considerable damage to the unfinished Williamsburg bridge in New York.
The Anglo-Indian army, led by British General Sir Charles Townshend, attacks a larger Turkish force under General Nur-ud-Din at Ctesiphon, Iraq, but is repulsed.
A Labor conference committee in the United States urges an eight-hour workday and a 48-hour week.
British King George is confined to bed with a congested lung; the queen is to take over duties.
Pan Am inaugurates the first transpacific airmail service from San Francisco to Manila.
1,200 soldiers are killed in a battle between the Japanese and Mongolians in China.
Soviet troops complete the encirclement of the German Sixth Army at Stalingrad.
Ho Chi Minh's Democratic Republic of Vietnam requests admittance to the UN.
Lee Harvey Oswald assassinates President John F. Kennedy in Dallas, Texas. Lyndon B. Johnson becomes president.
Almost 40,000 people pay tribute to John F. Kennedy at Arlington Cemetery on the first anniversary of his death.
Great Britain announces a plan for moderate Protestants and Catholics to share power in Northern Ireland.
Eighteen Communist Party secretaries in 49 provinces are ousted from Poland.
President Ronald Reagan calls for defense-pact deployment of the MX missile.
Justice Department finds memo in Lt. Col. Oliver North's office on the transfer of $12 million to Contras of Nicaragua from Iranian arms sale.
First prototype of B-2 Spirit strategic stealth bomber unveiled for public viewing.
Lebanese President Rene Moawad killed when a bomb explodes near his motorcade in West Beirut.
Britain's Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher confirms the end of her premiership by withdrawing from the leadership election of the Conservative Party.
The first feature-length film created entirely with computer generated imagery - Toy Story - premiers.
The Orange Revolution, protesting a primary election believed to have been rigged, begins in the Ukraine. On Dec 26 Ukraine's Supreme Court orders a revote..
Angela Merkel becomes the first woman ever to be Chancellor of Germany; the former research scientist had previously been the first secretary-general of the Christian Democratic Union.
Hamas and Israel begin a cease-fire following eight days of violence and 150 deaths.
Carrier Drones Thanks to Bill
Been around at least once but still kinda cool...
                        So how long before robots replace the guys on the deck crew ???
                        We're dinosaurs.
Thanks to Carl
(Several good comments too—a couple included below about Dr. Peter Gotzsche!)
Meet the Sacklers: The Family That's Killing Millions (Maybe More Than Stalin)
November 22, 2017
Bad Parrot  A Thanksgiving Story  Thanks to Robert
A young man named John received a parrot as a gift. The parrot had a bad attitude and an even worse vocabulary. Every word out of the bird's mouth was rude, obnoxious and laced with profanity. John tried and tried to change the bird's attitude by consistently saying only polite words, playing soft music and anything else he could think of to 'clean up' the bird's vocabulary.
Finally, John was fed up and he yelled at the parrot. The parrot yelled back. John shook the parrot and the parrot got angrier and even more rude. John, in desperation, threw up his hand, grabbed the bird and put him in the freezer. For a few minutes the parrot squawked and kicked and screamed.  Then suddenly there was total quiet. Not a peep was heard for over a minute.
Fearing that he'd hurt the parrot, John quickly opened the door to the freezer.. The parrot calmly stepped out onto John's outstretched arms and said "I believe I may have offended you with my rude language and actions. I'm sincerely remorseful for my inappropriate transgressions and
I fully intend to do everything I can to correct my rude and unforgivable behavior." John was stunned at the change in the bird's attitude. As he was about to ask the parrot what had made such a dramatic change in his behavior, the bird spoke-up, very softly, "May I ask what the turkey did?"
Thanks to Mike. A great humorous piece of American History
Click on the first link to get all the pictures.
Subject: Kilroy Was Here!
He is engraved in stone in the National War Memorial in Washington, DC back in a small alcove where very few people have seen it. For the WWII generation, this will bring back memories.  For you younger folks, it's a bit of trivia that is a part of our American history.
Anyone born in 1913 to about 1950, is familiar with Kilroy.
No one knew why he was so well known but everybody seemed to get into it.
So who was Kilroy?
In 1946 the American Transit Association, through its radio program, "Speak to America ," sponsored a nationwide contest to find the real Kilroy, offering a prize <> of a real trolley car to the person who could prove himself to be the genuine article. Almost 40 men stepped forward to make that claim, but only James Kilroy from Halifax, Massachusetts, had evidence of his identity.
'Kilroy' was a 46-year old shipyard worker during the war  who worked as a checker at the Fore River Shipyard in Quincy. His job<> was to go around and check on the number of rivets completed.
Riveters were on piecework and got paid by the rivet.
He would count a block of rivets and put a check mark in semi-waxed lumber chalk, so the rivets wouldn't be counted twice.
When Kilroy went off duty, the riveters would erase the mark.
Later on, an off-shift inspector would come through and count the rivets a second time, resulting in double pay for the riveters.
One day Kilroy's boss called him into his office.
The foreman was upset about all the wages being paid to riveters, and asked him to investigate.
It was then he realized what had been going on.
The tight spaces he had to crawl in to check the rivets didn't lend themselves to lugging around a paint can and brush, so Kilroy decided to stick with the waxy chalk.
He continued to put his check mark on each job he inspected, but added 'KILROY WAS HERE' in king-sized letters next<> to the check, and eventually added the sketch of the chap with the long nose peering over the fence and that became part of the Kilroy message.
Once he did that, the riveters stopped trying to wipe away his marks. Ordinarily the rivets and chalk marks would have been covered up with paint.
With the war on, however, ships were leaving the Quincy Yard so fast that there wasn't time to paint them.
As a result, Kilroy's inspection "trademark" was seen by thousands of servicemen who boarded the troopships the yard produced.
His message apparently rang a bell with the servicemen, because they picked it up and spread it all over Europe and the South Pacific.
Before war's end, "Kilroy" had been here, there, and everywhere on the long hauls to Berlin and Tokyo .
To the troops outbound in those ships, however, he was a complete mystery; all they knew for sure was that someone named Kilroy had "been there first."
As a joke, U.S. servicemen began placing the graffiti wherever they landed,claiming it was already there when they arrived.
Kilroy became the U.S. super-GI who had always "already been" wherever GIs went. It became a challenge to place the logo in the most unlikely places imaginable (it is said to be atop Mt. Everest, the Statue of Liberty, the underside of the Arc de Triomphe, and even scrawled in the dust on the moon.
As the war went on, the legend grew.  Underwaterdemolition teams routinely sneaked ashore on Japanese-held islands in the Pacific to map the terrain for coming invasions by U.S. troops (and thus, presumably, were = the first GI's there). On one occasion, however, they reported seeing enemy troops painting over the Kilroy logo!
In 1945, an outhouse was built for the exclusive use of Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill at the Potsdam conference.  Its' first occupant was Stalin, who emerged and asked his aide (in Russian), "Who is Kilroy?"
To help prove his authenticity in 1946, James Kilroy brought along officials from the shipyard and some of the riveters.  He won the trolley car, which he gave to his nine children as a Christmas gift and set it up as a playhouse in the Kilroy yard in Halifax, Massachusetts ..
And The Tradition Continues...
EVEN Outside Osama Bin Laden's House!!!
If  you do not think that this is happening then read the next piece
                                             Old newspaper clipping...
What's the old saying, "History has a way of repeating itself" This clipping illustrates clearly how the destruction of America could be accomplished back in 1919. We keep coming closer to achieving America's destruction by following these same rules today. Shame on us for not listening to our historians.
This is kinda scary. Think about it. Aren't they still doing this and aren't our universities trying to teach our youth these same things TODAY? I see it and I'm not out in the public that much anymore. It's called communism and it will destroy us if we let it.

I live here and I agree with the part highlighted in yellow
Posted On 20 Nov 2017
Thanks to a law the California legislature passed in 2011, only "LGBT-inclusive" history books are now allowed in elementary and middle schools. This means that textbooks must pass some imagined standard of gay-friendliness before they can be used in public classrooms, and the California State Board of Education proved this week that they are actually serious about upholding this ridiculous law. We suppose Californians have the right to self-governance and all…but this is some of the silliest crap we've ever seen. It would almost inspire laughter if you didn't have to think about all the kids whose understanding of American history is being tarnished by this idiotic gesture of political correctness.
On Thursday, the state's board of education put their stamp of approval on 10 textbooks for classrooms from kindergarten through the eighth grade, determining that the books have enough coverage of "the historical contributions of LGBT people." They also rejected two other textbooks because those did not provide enough coverage to satisfy the panel. According to the board, the rejected books did not meet the requirements of the FAIR Education Act, which demands that textbooks include historical figures who identified as gay or had disabilities. How those two categories wound up included in the same bill is anyone's guess, but hey, that's politics.
Rick Zbur, the executive director of Equality California, said the board's decision represented a "long-fought victory" for LGBT activists.
"Approval of these textbooks means that California schools will now have access to approved materials that accurately represent LGBTQ people, and Equality California applauds the State Board of Education for this historic decision," he said in a statement.
The website EdSource reports that the two rejected books were published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt when the publishing giant refused to make changes requested by the board. Those changes included identifying historical figures such as Emily Dickinson, Walt Whitman, Nathanial Hawthorne, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and President James Buchanan as LGBT. While the publisher did not deny that gays and lesbians contributed to America's historical and literary legacy, they felt it was inappropriate to use modern terminology to identify those individuals.
"HMH feels that the terms lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer are contemporary terms that may not map well on past lives and experiences," the publisher said.
Houghton Mifflin, of course, is concerned with historical accuracy, while the state board of education (and the law which they are attempting to follow) is concerned only with modern trends of sexuality and political correctness. This has nothing to do with correcting the historical record to make up for censorship and everything to do with appeasing the LGBT Activist Army, which has grown to become a powerful – and, one might say, malignant – force in California politics.
Item Number:1 Date: 11/22/2017 BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA - MLADIC GETS LIFE SENTENCE FOR WAR CRIMES, GENOCIDE IN BOSNIAN WAR (NOV 22/WSJ)  WALL STREET JOURNAL -- Former Bosnian Serb wartime army leader Ratko Mladic has been sentenced to life in prison after being convicted by a U.N. court of atrocities during the 1992-1995 Bosnian war, reports the Wall Street Journal.   Mladic was convicted on Wednesday of 10 of 11 counts, including genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity.   The Hague-based International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) presiding over the case ruled that Mladic "significantly contributed" to the massacre in Srebrenica of about 8,000 Muslim men and boys. He was also found guilty of commanding forces responsible for the three-year siege of Sarajevo, the Bosnian capital, noted the Daily Telegraph (U.K.).   Mladic was at large for 16 years before his capture in 2011. He is expected to appeal, noted the Daily Mirror (U.K.).  
 Item Number:2 Date: 11/22/2017 CHINA - WITH LARGER PEACEKEEPING ROLE LOOMING, PLA STEPS UP TRAINING (NOV 22/SCMP)  SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST -- The Chinese military has stepped up combat training for its peacekeeping forces, reports the South China Morning Post.   Late last week, troops and key commanders held a two-day exercise at the Queshan Combined Arms Training Base in Zhumadian in China's southern Henan province, according to a release from the People's Liberation Army.   That base is specifically used for special operations training.   The PLA is believed to be working to enhance the combat capabilities of its peacekeeping personnel, who are expected to be sent to conflict-stricken regions in Africa as China takes on a larger role in U.N. missions.   In September, Beijing finished registering around 8,000 military personnel with the world body in line with a pledge made by Chinese President Xi Jinping in 2015.   Those personnel come from 19 units across six services: infantry, engineers, transport, security, quick-reaction and helicopter crew, said the PLA statement.   Xi also pledged to train 2,000 peacekeepers from other countries and provide US$100 million in military aid to the African Union
  Item Number:3 Date: 11/22/2017 EGYPT - 29 FACE CHARGES OF ESPIONAGE FOR TURKEY, JOINING TERRORIST GROUP (NOV 22/REU)  REUTERS -- Egyptian prosecutors have ordered the arrest of 29 people on suspicion of spying for Turkey and belonging to the banned Muslim Brotherhood, reports Reuters, citing Egyptian state media.   According to an investigation by Egyptian intelligence services, the accused passed information to Turkish intelligence, with the goal of returning the Muslim Brotherhood to power.   The charges include espionage on behalf of Turkey; membership in a terrorist organization; money-laundering; and illegal currency transfers, noted the Egyptian Independent.   The Muslim Brotherhood government led by President Mohammed Morsi enjoyed strong relations with Turkey. Morsi was ousted by the military in July 2013.  
  Item Number:4 Date: 11/22/2017 FINLAND - SLOVAK-FINNISH 8 X 8 INFANTRY VEHICLE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM TO FEATURE PATRIA CHASSIS (NOV 22/PATRIA)  PATRIA INDUSTRIES -- The Finnish and Slovak ministries of defense have agreed to jointly develop an 8 x 8 infantry fighting vehicle, reports Patria, the Finnish defense firm.   As part of the agreement, Patria will deliver a new prototype version of the AMVXP chassis, the company said in a Nov. 17 release.   Konstrukta Defence in Slovakia will be the prime contract, with Patria Land Systems supplying the vehicle and EVPU in Slovakia providing the weapon system.   The program will include a testing phase in Slovakia, followed by winter trials in Finland, noted the firm.   Slovakia plans to acquire up to 81 of the vehicles from 2018 to 2024 as part of its military modernization program.  
  Item Number:5 Date: 11/22/2017 GEORGIA - COUNTERTERRORISM OPERATION UNDERWAY IN TBILISI; SHOOTING, EXPLOSIONS HEARD (NOV 22/ALJAZ)  AL JAZEERA -- Counterterrorism personnel have stormed a multi-story building in Tbilsi, the Georgia capital, against armed men holed up inside, reports Al Jazeera.   At least one member of the State Security Service was shot in the head during Wednesday's ongoing standoff with what authorities suspect is a terrorist-linked group, reports Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.   Late Tuesday, security forces surrounded a residential apartment in the the Isani district of Tbilisi. The suspects refused to surrender, opening fire and throwing hand grenades at security forces, said officials.   Police said they arrested one suspect early Wednesday. An explosion was reported on the third floor of the building, igniting a fire.   The suspects were "foreign nationals" who belong to a "terrorist organization," said a security spokeswoman without elaborating. A medical source cited by Al Jazeera said the injured security officer was in critical condition.   According to media, the gunmen were suspected of having ties with Islamic State extremists
Item Number:6 Date: 11/22/2017 GEORGIA - U.S. STATE DEPT. CLEARS DEAL FOR JAVELIN ANTI-TANK MISSILES (NOV 22/DSCA)  U.S. DEFENSE SECURITY COOPERATION AGENCY -- The U.S. State Dept. has given its approval of a possible Foreign Military Sale of anti-tank missiles to the republic of Georgia, reports the U.S. Defense Security Cooperation Agency.   The proposed US$75 million deal includes 410 Javelin missiles and 72 Javelin command launch units, including two spares.   The possible deal also includes 10 basic skills trainers; up to 70 simulated rounds; and associated technical and logistics support, noted the DSCA.   The Javelin systems will provide Georgia with increased capacity to meet its national defense requirements, the agency said in a release on Monday
Item Number:7 Date: 11/22/2017 LEBANON - HARIRI RETURNS TO BEIRUT, SUSPENDS RESIGNATION (NOV 22/GUARDIAN)  GUARDIAN -- Saad Hariri, the Lebanese prime minister, has said he is suspending his resignation, which sparked a political crisis in Lebanon and the region, reports the Guardian (U.K.).   Hariri made his announcement after meeting in Beirut with President Michel Aoun. The prime minister returned to the country on Tuesday, his first time back since announcing his resignation on Nov. 4.   The president said he would not accept the resignation unless Hariri did it in person. According to Hariri, he did so, but then agreed to take it back to allow more time for consultations, noted the Guardian.   "Today I presented my resignation to the president and he urged me to wait before offering it and to hold on for more dialogue...I accepted," Hariri said during a televised speech on Wednesday.   Hariri has denied that Saudi Arabia forced the resignation and detained him in an attempt to undercut Iran's influence and that of its Hezbollah proxy in Lebanon.  
  Item Number:8 Date: 11/22/2017 NORTH KOREA - U.S. COMMANDER: N. KOREA VIOLATED ARMISTICE AGREEMENT WHILE CHASING, SHOOTING DEFECTOR (NOV 22/WP)  WASHINGTON POST -- North Korea violated the 1953 armistice agreement when its border guards pursued a defector last week, says a senior U.S. commander cited by the Washington Post.   Gen. Vincent Brooks, commander of U.S. forces in Korea and head of the U.N. Command, said Pyongyang violated the agreement twice during the incident on Nov. 13: once by firing weapons across the military demarcation line and a second time when a North Korean soldier temporarily crossed the line dividing North and South Korea.   As part of the 1953 armistice, North and South Korea are split along the 38th parallel and not allowed to cross except under rare circumstances.   Brooks commended the work of soldiers on the southern side of the border, saying they took "took appropriate actions" to de-escalate the situation.   The U.S.-run United Nations Command, which controls the southern part of the border, notified the North Korean military of the violations and has requested a meeting to discuss them.   The defector was shot five times as he ran across the border. He was rescued by South Korean soldiers and remains hospitalized.  
  Item Number:9 Date: 11/22/2017 PAKISTAN - HEEDING PENTAGON'S URGING, CONGRESS DECIDES NOT TO FORCE PAKISTAN TO ACT AGAINST LET (NOV 22/DAWN)  DAWN -- Following the urging of the DoD, the U.S. Congress has dropped a requirement for Pakistan to demonstrate action against the Lashkar-e-Tayyiba terrorist group in return for American aid, reports the Dawn (Pakistan).   The Pentagon persuaded lawmakers to remove the provision during last week's reconciliation of the final version of the legislation, according to diplomatic sources and media reports.   Congress then passed a bill that included US$700 million for Pakistan in return for Islamabad's deployment of troops along its border with Afghanistan.   About half the amount is being withheld until Pakistan takes demonstrable action against the Haqqani Network, which Washington says has hideouts in tribal areas in northwestern Pakistan.   An earlier version of the National Defense Authorization Act also required action against Lashkar-e-Tayyiba.   Defense officials told lawmakers that the Haqqani Network needed to remain the priority, said several accounts.   Pakistan has lost about US$750 million in U.S. funding since such a requirement was added in 2016.  
Item Number:10 Date: 11/22/2017 RUSSIA - NORTHERN FLEET HEAD TOUTS EXPANSION OF PATROLLING AREA FOR BALLISTIC-MISSILE SUBS (NOV 22/INT-AVN)  INTERFAX-MILITARY NEWS AGENCY -- The head of Russia's Northern Fleet says its nuclear-powered ballistic-missile submarines have expanded their patrols, reports Interfax-AVN.   "The submarines have continued to cover new areas of navigation, including under the ice of the Arctic Ocean," Vice Adm. Nikolai Yevmenov told the Northern Fleet Military Council on Tuesday in Severomorsk. The fleet headquarters is located there, on the northern edge of the Kola Peninsula.   The subs Yury Dolgoruky and Bryansk each conducted firing drills involving intercontinental ballistic missiles, the admiral said in a review of the year's activities.   He noted that the fleet has increased its combat training significantly this year, holding 321 drills, a 20 percent increase over 2016. A total of 213 missile-firing exercises were conducted, about a third more than last year, said Yevemenov.   "The time spent at sea by submarines and surface ships has reached its optimal levels" and makes it possible "to efficiently train crews to perform their assigned tasks," the admiral said
Item Number:11 Date: 11/22/2017 UKRAINE - APPARENT POWER STRUGGLE IN SEPARATIST LUHANSK HAS TROOPS, ARMORED VEHICLES ON THE STREETS (NOV 22/DAILYTEL)  DAILY TELEGRAPH -- Armed men have apparently seized the capital of a Russian-backed separatist republic in eastern Ukraine, reports the Daily Telegraph (U.K.).   Tanks and soldiers appeared Tuesday in the streets of Luhansk in what appears to be a struggle for power between the region's self-proclaimed leader and his former interior minister, reported the Independent (U.K.).   Armored vehicles and soldiers reportedly cut access to most roads and shuttered regional TV and radio broadcasters.   Local media suggest the troops were acting in a show of support for Igor Kornet, the region's former interior minister. Kornet was fired by Luhansk's leader Igor Plotnitsky on Monday.   Plotnitsky was said to be protected by personal guards and military police, with the remainder of the region's security forces either siding with Kornet or remaining neutral.   Plotnitsky was believed at one point to have fled to Moscow, according to Ukrainian officials. However, on Wednesday he published a photograph of him apparently working from his desk in Luhansk.   The editor of the local Realnaya Gazeta told the Independent that tensions had been brewing for months, with Plotnitsky systemically murdering his rivals and Kornet forging direct relations with the Kremlin
Item Number:12 Date: 11/22/2017 UNITED KINGDOM - ENGLISH CHANNEL ACCORD SEEN BOOSTING ANGLO-FRANCO SECURITY COOPERATION (NOV 22/UKMOD)  U.K. MINISTRY OF DEFENSE -- Top defense officials from France and the U.K. have agreed to bolster security cooperation in the English Channel, reports the U.K. Ministry of Defense.   British Defense Secretary Gavin Williamson hosted his French counterpart Florence Parly at the Admiralty House in London.   During the talks on Monday, the ministers signed an agreement increasing bilateral cooperation on countering terrorism and illegal migration in the Channel, which separates southern England from northern France.   "The Channel is of huge importance to both our countries and this new agreement demonstrates our commitment to work with international partners to help tackle the threat of piracy and terrorism around the globe and protect our people at home," Williamson said.   The latest accord builds on existing maritime cooperation between the British Royal Navy and French navy, which includes joint exercises and intelligence-sharing.  
  Item Number:13 Date: 11/22/2017 USA - ANALYSIS ADVISES USCG TO FOCUS ON NEW HEAVY ICEBREAKERS (NOV 22/USNIN)  USNI NEWS -- A new report recommends that the U.S. Coast Guard buy four icebreakers of the same design, rather than three heavy and three medium icebreakers, reports USNI News.   Currently, the service has only one medium icebreaker, the Healy, and one heavy icebreaker, Polar Star.   A report presented on Friday to the American Society of Naval Engineers Arctic Day conference concludes that the cost of a fourth heavy icebreaker would be about $100 million less than the estimated cost of a first-in-class medium icebreaker.   Mission requirements mean the Coast Guard must buy heavy icebreakers, so that they would be funded first, said Eugene Van Rynbach, who presented the analysis.   Instead of paying the costs of designing new medium icebreakers, the service could buy a fourth heavy ship to accomplish the same missions, he said.   The Coast Guard has launched the planning process to acquire the new icebreakers, although no funding has yet been allocated. Design proposals are due in December.   Van Rynbach is a commercial ship designer with the Annapolis, Md.-based Herbert Engineering Corp. He is also a member of the Committee on Polar Icebreaker Cost Assessment that produced the report, "Acquisition and Operation of Polar Icebreakers: Fulfilling the Nation's Needs
Item Number:14 Date: 11/22/2017 USA - ARMY FINALLY GETS ITS SECRETARY; MARK ESPER SWORN IN (NOV 22/DN)  DEFENSE NEWS -- Mark Esper has been sworn in as the 23rd U.S. Army secretary, reports Defense News.   Esper, a West Point graduate and former Raytheon executive, took his oath of office Tuesday.   Undersecretary Ryan McCarthy had been serving as the acting secretary since being sworn-in in August. Esper was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on Nov. 15.   He was nominated this summer, but confirmation hearings were delayed. Two other choices withdrew before their confirmation hearing began.   Among Esper's announced priorities will be modernizing the force and streamlining the Army's procurement process
Item Number:15 Date: 11/22/2017 USA - DWINDLING SQUADRON NUMBERS NOT PRODUCING ENOUGH EXPERIENCED PILOTS, SAYS SENIOR AIR FORCE GENERAL (NOV 22/AFT)  AIR FORCE TIMES -- The head of the U.S. Air Combat Command says that the reduced number of squadrons in the service makes it more difficult to provide fighter pilots with enough experience, reports the Air Force Times.   After pilots complete training, it usually takes about three years to properly season them, Gen. Mike Holmes said during a Nov. 20 talk in Arlington, Va. Each squadron usually produces about four to six experienced fighter pilots annually.   The service has shrunk from 134 fighter squadrons in the early 1990s to 55 now, including 32 active-duty. Officials say the Air Force's ability to produce experienced fighter pilots has been severely constrained because of that.   The service is accelerating the process as fast as it can, Holmes said. The general said the service is approaching "what we think are the limits for experience ratios for squadrons."   The active-duty force will work with Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve units to seek more opportunities for pilots to get flying hours, said the ACC chief.   The service is also planning to move some of its lieutenants to Navy and Marine Corps squadrons to fly EA-18G Growler electronic attack aircraft and Marine F-35B fighters.   The Air Force continues to struggle with a pilot shortfall of about 2,000, including 1,300 pilots in the fighter community
Item Number:17 Date: 11/22/2017 USA - PROBE UNDERWAY IN FATAL CRASH OF AIR FORCE T-38 JET IN TEXAS (NOV 22/SAST)  SAN ANGELO STANDARD TIMES -- Officials are investigating the fatal crash of U.S. training aircraft in Texas earlier this week.   One U.S. Air Force pilot was killed and another pilot was injured in a training crash near Del Rio, Texas, say officials, as reported by the San Angelo Standard-Times (Texas).   The two-seat, T-38 Talon jet went down about 4 p.m. Monday about 14 miles (23 km) northwest of Laughlin Air Force, said a release from the base. Laughlin is the largest training base in the USAF.   The injured man was taken to the Val Verde Regional Medical Center.   Witnesses said they saw someone parachute from the stricken jet, reported the Del Rio News-Herald.   Early indications point to a problem with the jet's gear box – suggesting a mechanical failure and not pilot error – officials with knowledge of the investigation told Fox News
Item Number:18 Date: 11/22/2017 USA - REVERSING RECENT TREND, U.S. KILLED IN ACTION OVERSEAS UP THIS YEAR (NOV 22/ARMY)  ARMY TIMES -- Official military statistics show that, for the first time in six years, the number of U.S. troops killed in action abroad has increased over the previous year, reports the Army Times.   To date in 2017, 31 Americans have died in action overseas, according to Pentagon figures. By comparison, in 2016, the total was 26, which was down two from the year before.   The statistics do not include the 17 sailors killed in two separate ship collisions earlier this year, the paper noted this week.   An increased presence in Africa, ongoing support for operations in Iraq and Syria and 14,000 troops in Afghanistan means that more personnel are in harm's way, said analysts.   Recent years are all down considerably from the high of more than 1,000 in 2007, when many more forces were deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan.  
  Item Number:19 Date: 11/22/2017 USA - USN AIRCRAFT CARRYING 11 CRASHES IN SEA NEAR JAPAN; 8 RESCUED, 3 MISSING (NOV 22/USNIN)  USNI NEWS -- Three people are still missing after a U.S. Navy transporter aircraft crashed into the Philippine Sea near the coast of Okinawa, Japan on Wednesday, reports USNI News, citing a statement from the 7th Fleet.   The aircraft was carrying 11 crew and passengers.   The C2-A Greyhound took off from Marine Corps Air Station Iwakuni in southern Japan, toward the the USS Ronald Reagan carrier, currently on exercises with Japan's Maritime Self-Defense Force.   The plane crashed at 2:45 p.m. local time, the 7th Fleet said. Eight people were rescued and transferred to the Reagan for evaluation. They were said to be in "good condition."   Japanese and U.S. forces in the area are involved in search-and-rescue efforts
Item Number:20 Date: 11/22/2017 ZIMBABWE - MUGABE'S 37-YEAR RULES ENDS; FORMER VICE PRESIDENT TO BECOME PRESIDENT (NOV 22/ZBC)  ZIMBABWE BROADCASTING CORPORATION -- Robert Mugabe has resigned as president of Zimbabwe after ruling for 37 years.   Emmerson Mnangagwa is expected to be sworn in as the nation's new leader on Friday, reports Zimbabwe's state broadcaster, ZBC.   Mugabe handed in his resignation to the speaker of the National Assembly on Tuesday, halting impeachment proceedings that had begun.   The move followed a military takeover and days of protests, noted the BBC.   Mnangagwa was scheduled to return to Zimbabwe on Wednesday.   The former vice president fled the country on Nov. 8 after he was fired by Mugabe. The army stepped in Nov. 14 in what many called a "soft coup."

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